Commission Regulation (EC) No 1831/94 of 26 July 1994 concerning irregularities and the recovery of sums wrongly paid in connection with the financing of the Cohesion Fund and the organization of an information system in this field
OJ L 191, 27.7.1994, p. 9–12 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT)
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COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1831/94 of 26 July 1994 concerning irregularities and the recovery of sums wrongly paid in connection with the financing of the Cohesion Fund and the organization of an information system in this field
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1164/94 of 16 May 1994 establishing the Cohesion Fund (1) and in particular Article 12 (5) thereof,
Whereas Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94 lays down the principles governing, within the Community, the campaign against irregularities and the recovery of sums lost as a result of abuse or negligence in the field of the Cohesion Fund;
Whereas the rules set out in this Regulation must relate to all eligible measures provided for in Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94;
Whereas this Regulation governing only some aspects of beneficiary Member States' obligations pursuant to Article 12 (2) of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94 and consequently should not impinge on any other obligations pursuant to that Article;
Whereas, in order for the Community to be better informed of the measures taken by the beneficiary Member States to combat irregularities, the national provisions to be communicated to the Commission should be specified;
Whereas, with a view to ascertaining the nature of irregular practices and the financial effects of irregularities and to recovering sums wrongly paid, provision should be made for any irregularities detected to be reported to the Commission every quarter; whereas in addition to such reports information must also be provided on the progress of judicial or administrative procedures;
Whereas the Commission should be systematically informed of judicial and administrative procedures against persons who have committed irregularities; whereas it would also be advisable to ensure the systematic transmission of information concerning the measures taken by the Member States to protect the Community's financial interests;
Whereas it is appropriate to determine the procedures to be applied by the Member States and the Commission in cases where the sums lost through an irregularity prove to be irrecoverable;
Whereas a minimum threshold should be set, above which cases of irregularity must automatically be reported to the Commission by the beneficiary Member States;
Whereas national rules relating to criminal proceedings or mutual assistance between Member States at judicial level in criminal matters should not be affected by the provisions of this Regulation;
Whereas it is advisable to provide for the possibility of the Community's making a contribution to legal costs and to costs arising directly out of judicial proceedings;
Whereas, in order to prevent irregularities, cooperation between the Member States and the Commission should be reinforced whilst every effort should be made to ensure that such action is conducted with due regard to the rules of confidentiality;
Whereas it should be further laid down that the provisions of this Regulation are also to apply wherever a payment which should have been made in the context of the Cohesion Fund has not been made owing to an irregularity,
HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:
Without prejudice to the obligations arising directly out of Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94, this Regulation shall relate to all eligible measures provided for in Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94.
This Regulation shall not affect the application in the Member States of rules relating to criminal proceedings or judicial cooperation between Member States in criminal matters.
1. Beneficiary Member States within the meaning of Article 2 (2) of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94, shall communicate to the Commission within three months of the entry into force of this Regulation:
- the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action for the application of the measures set out in Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94,
- the list of authorities and bodies responsible for the application of those measures and the main provisions relating to the role and functioning of those authorities and bodies and to the procedures which they are responsible for applying.
2. Beneficiary Member States shall communicate forthwith to the Commission any amendments to the information supplied pursuant to paragraph 1.
3. The Commission shall study beneficiary Member States' communications and shall inform them of the conclusions which it intends to draw therefrom. It shall remain in contact with the Member States to the extent necessary for the application of this
1. During the two months following the end of each quarter, beneficiary Member States shall report to the Commission any irregularities which have been the subject of initial administrative or judicial investigations.
To this end they shall as far as possible give details concerning:
- the identification of the project or measure in question,
- the provision which has been infringed,
- the nature and amount of the expenditure; in cases where no payment has been made, the amounts which would have been wrongly paid had the irregularity not been discovered, except where the error or negligence is detected before payment and does not result in any administrative or judicial penalty,
- the total amount and its distribution between the different sources of financing,
- the period during which, or the moment at which, the irregularity was committed,
- the practices employed in committing the irregularity,
- the manner in which the irregularity was discovered,
- the national authorities or bodies which drew up the official report on the irregularity,
- the financial consequences, the suspension (if any) of payments and the possibilities of recovery,
- the date and source of the first information leading to suspicion that an irregularity was in evidence,
- the date on which the official report on the irregularity was drawn up,
- where appropriate, the Member States and the non-member countries involved,
- the identity of the natural and legal persons involved, save in cases where such information is of no relevance in combating irregularities on account of the character of the irregularity concerned.
2. Where some of the information set out in paragraph 1, and in particular that concerning the practices employed in committing the irregularity and the manner in which it was discovered, is not available, beneficiary Member States shall as far as possible supply the missing information when forwarding subsequent quarterly reports of irregularities to the Commission.
3. If national provisions provide for the confidentiality of investigations, communication of the information shall be subject to the authorization of the competent court or tribunal.
Each beneficiary Member State shall forthwith repoort to the Commission and, where necessary, to the other Member States concerned, any irregularities discovered or supposed to have occured, where it is feared that:
- they may very quickly have repercussions outside its territory,
- they show that a new and practice has been employed.
1. During the two months following the end of each quarter, beneficiary Member States shall inform the Commission, with reference back to any previous report made pursuant to Article 3, of the procedures instituted following all irregularities previously notified and of important changes resulting therefrom and including:
- the amounts which have been, or are expected to be, recovered,
- the interim measures taken by beneficiary Member States to safeguard recovery of sums wrongly paid,
- the judicial and administrative procedures instituted with a view to recovering sums wrongly paid and to imposing sanctions,
- the reasons for any abandonment of recovery procedures; the Commission shall as far as possible, be notified before a decision is taken,
- any abandonment of criminal prosecutions.
Beneficiary Member States shall notify the Commission of administrative or judicial decisions, or the main points thereof, concerning the termination of these procedures.
2. Where a beneficiary Member State considers that an amount cannot be totally recovered, or cannot be expected to be totally recovered, it shall inform the Commission, in a special report, of the amount not recovered and the reasons why the amount should, in its view, be borne by the Community or by the Member State. This information must be sufficiently detailed to allow the Commission to decide as soon as possible after consulting the authorities of the Member States concerned, who shall bear the financial consequences within the meaning of the third indent of Article 12 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 1164/94.
3. In the eventuality referred to in paragraph 2, the Commission may expressly request the beneficiary Member State to continue the recovery procedure.
Should there be no irregularities to report in the reference period, beneficiary Member States shall inform the Commission of this fact within the time limit as is set out in Article 3 (1).
Where the competent authorities of a Member State decide, at the express request of the Commission, to initiate or continue legal proceedings with a view to recovering amounts wrongly paid, the Commission may undertake to reimburse to the Member State all or part of the legal costs and costs arising directly from the legal proceedings, on presentation of documentary evidence, even if the proceedings are unsuccessful.
1. The Commission shall maintain appropriate contacts with the Member States concerned for the purpose of supplementing the information supplied on the irregularities referred to in Article 3, on the procedures referred to in Article 5, and, in particular, on the possibility of recovery.
2. Independently of the contracts referred to in paragraph 1, the Commission shall inform the Member States where the nature of the irregularity is such as to suggest that identical or similar practices could occur in other Member States.
3. The Commission shall organize information meetings at Community level for representatives of the Member States in order to examine with them the information obtained pursuant to Articles 3, 4 and 5 and pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article, in particular with regard to the lessons to be learned therefrom in connection with irregularities, preventive measures and legal proceedings.
4. At the request of a Member State or of the Commission, the Member States and the Commission shall consult each other for the purpose of closing any loopholes prejudicial to Community interests which become apparent in the course of the enforcement of provisions in force.
The Commission shall regularly inform the Member States, in the framework of the Consultative Committee for Coordination in the field of fraud prevention, of the order of magnitude of the funds involved in the irregularities which have been discovered and of the various categories of irregularity, broken down by type and counted up.
1. Member States and the Commission shall take all necessary precautions to ensure that the information which they exchange remains confidential.
2. The information referred to in this Regulation may not, in particular, be sent to persons other than those in the Member States or within the Community institutions whose duties require that they have access to it, unless the Member State supplying it has expressly so agreed.
3. The names of natural or legal persons may be disclosed to another Member State or Community institution only where this is necessary in order to prevent or prosecute an irregularity or to establish whether an alleged irregularity has taken place.
4. Information communicated, or acquired in any form whatever pursuant to this Regulation shall be covered by professional confidentiality and be protected in the same way as similar information is protected by the national legislation of the Member State that received it and by the corresponding provisions applicable to the Community institutions.
In addition, that information may not be used for any purposes other than those provided for in this Regulation unless the authorities that have provided it have given their express consent, and provided that the provisions in force in the Member State in which the recipient authority is to be found do not prohibit such communication or use.
5. Paragraphs 1 to 4 shall not impede the use, in any legal actions or proceedings subsequently instituted for non-compliance with Community rules in the area of Cohesion Fund, of information obtained pursuant to this Regulation. The competent authority of the Member State which supplied this information shall be informed forthwith of such use.
6. Where a Member State notified the Commission that a natural or legal person whose name has been communicated to the Commission pursuant to this Regulation proves on further inquiry not to be involved in any irregularity, the Commission shall forthwith inform all those to whom it disclosed that name pursuant to this Regulation of that fact. Such person shall thereupon cease to be treated, by virtue of the earlier notification, as a person involved in the irregularity in question.
In cases of co-finacing borne jointly by the Cohesion Fund and by a beneficiary Member State, the amounts recovered shall be shared by that Member State and the Community in proportion to the expenditure already incurred by them.
1. Where the irregularities relate to sums of less than ECU 4 000 charged to the Community budget, beneficiary Member States shall not forward to the Commission the information provided for in Articles 3 and 5 unless the latter explicity requests it.
2. The amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be converted into national currency by applying the exchange rates published in the Official Journal of the European Communities, C Series, which are valid on the first working day of the year in which the information on the irregularities is communicated.
This Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.
The period between the day of entry into force and the end of the current calendar quarter shall be deemed to be a quarter for the purposes of Articles 3 and 5.
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.
Done at Brussels, 26 July 1994.
For the Commission
Member of the Commission
(1) OJ No L 130, 25. 5. 1994, p. 1.