Financial service priorities and progress Third report
/* COM/2000/0692 final */
FINANCIAL SERVICES PRIORITIES AND PROGRESS - THIRD REPORT
(presented by the Commission)
This third report on the progress in implementing the Financial Services Action Plan (FSAP) confirms that, across the board, the situation remains satisfactory but with important qualifications. There is yet to be the quantum leap needed to achieve the 2005 deadline set by Heads of State and Government at the Lisbon European Council. The Commission cannot allow any significant slippage in bringing forward the many initiatives, legislative and non-legislative, promised in the FSAP. Progress in agreeing and implementing these proposals must be rapid, particularly in respect of those legislative proposals that have either recently been made or will come forward in the near future.
The Commission has, at the request of the Ecofin Council, reviewed the FSAP in order to refine its priorities and indicated for each the critical path that must be achieved if the 2005 deadline is to be met. The Commission suggests a set of critical priorities for the coming six months for each institution. These could be reviewed, and added to, in successive progress reports in order to maintain the momentum towards the 2005 deadline. In doing so, however, the Commission underlines the fact that all the measures in the Action Plan require parallel progress to ensure that the Union does not face a sub-optimal situation in its capital markets and financial services policies.
This report also notes the establishment of the Group of Wise men under the chairmanship of Baron Lamfalussy whose interim report will be considered at the 27 November ECOFIN Council (when the present report will also be discussed). In order to improve co-ordination between the institutions the so-called '2005 Group' has been set up. An exercise to introduce benchmarking has also been launched. The Commission believes that these developments will help in meeting the challenges of the Action Plan.
The Lisbon European Council took an important political step in March towards an integrated financial services and capital market in the European Union. Heads of State and Government recognised the central role of efficient financial markets for long term European competitiveness and for the development of the New Economy - the strategic aim over the next decade being for the Union to become "...the most competitive and dynamic knowledge based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion...". The Lisbon European Council therefore asked that the FSAP should be completed by 2005. It also emphasised priority measures relating to wholesale financial markets and the call for an acceleration of their implementation reflect the important contribution they can make to economic growth and the need to keep up with rapid market developments. The introduction of the Euro, by removing one major source of market segmentation - different currencies - has increased the potential benefits of a single financial services market. It is also a major catalyst for integration of EU financial markets.
Financial services is one of the sectors where Europe has the most potential for stimulating economic growth, improving economic productivity and job creation. The integration of financial markets will result in widespread benefits for all sectors of the economy while giving consumers more choice, better opportunities for more value for money and higher returns on their investments. Efficient and transparent financial markets also help to optimise the allocation of capital. Facilitating the access to equity financing and risk capital will allow SMEs and start-up companies to fully exploit their growth and job creation potential. Substantial progress has been made, although Europe still has some way to go to achieving the full benefits of the Single Market in financial services. The Financial Services Action Plan (FSAP)  details the work that has to be accomplished to reap the benefits of a fully integrated European financial services and capital market. The Council has invited the Commission to report on a regular basis on the progress made. This report, the third, is presented in a period of rapid changes to the infrastructure of EU securities markets. The establishment of the Group of Wise men under the chairmanship of Baron Lamfalussy which is examining the current conditions for implementation of the regulation of the Union's securities markets will unveil its initial report on 9 November (the final report is due mid-February).
 Financial Services - Implementing the Framework for financial markets: Action Plan. Commission Communication of 11.05.1999 COM(1999)232
Given the urgency of implementing the FSAP, the Commission in this report, at the request of the Ecofin Council on 27 July has reviewed and refined the priorities indicating for each the critical path that must be achieved if the 2005 deadline is to be met. The ten measures that are prioritised for an integrated wholesale market will vastly improve the climate for investing and raising capital on an EU basis and creating a transparent environment for cross-border restructuring. A priority legal framework is required to equip EU consumers with the necessary information and safeguards to allow new distribution channels and marketing technologies to be put to work on a pan-European scale. Priorities are suggested for sound prudential rules to meet the challenges of industry consolidation and financial market developments and maintain financial stability in the Union. In order to improve co-ordination between the Commission, the Council and the European Parliament a high-level group ('2005 Group') has been set up to help improve institutional co-ordination. The next few months are vital. Many regulatory texts will be carried forward from the Commission. Now is the time to find the political will to progress sufficiently.
I Progress on Implementing the Financial Services Action Plan 
 First report, see : Financial Services Action Plan - Progress Report, November 1999. Second Report, see Financial Services Action Plan - Second Progress Report, June 2000 . Available on Internet: http://europa.eu.int/comm/internal_market.
This third report on the progress in implementing the FSAP has again been prepared with the assistance of personal representatives of Ecofin ministers meeting in the Financial Services Policy Group. Overall the situation remains satisfactory although there are a number of serious concerns and the worry that, without more effort in next few months the FSAP will fail to maintain sufficient momentum to achieve the ambitious 2005 deadline. The Annex sets out a measure by measure analysis and assessment of progress. Seven areas have been successfully completed. For 29 of the 42 measures progress has been made to achieve the Action Plan targets. For 6 measures the Commission considers that insufficient (or no) progress has been registered.
Areas requiring urgent action
Despite successive political commitments at the most senior level, there is little progress on the European Company Statute. This has had implications for two other measures in the field of company law (10th Company Law Directive and the 14th Company Law Directive). The Regulation itself does not now pose any problems on substance. The Directive, on the other hand, is blocked by a refusal from one Member State to allow employees, in the case of a merger, to participate in company bodies if such participation is demanded by more than 25% of the employees. The blocking member state accepts participation of employees only if this is requested by a majority of the employees. There is also lack of progress in respect of the Commission Communication on Fraud and Counterfeiting in Payment Systems. This will be presented by the Commission before the end of the year. Three Member States (FR, IT, LUX) are late in transposing the Settlement Finality Directive. The Commission has instituted infringement procedures against these Member States.
Steady progress is being made
On consumer and retail issues the Commission has been accelerating its work to enhance consumer confidence in an EU market for retail financial services. The legislative proposal for insurance intermediaries was presented in September. Discussions in the Council and the European Parliament on the distance marketing proposal for financial services are continuing as a presidency priority. The Commission's Communication on an e-commerce policy for financial services is expected around the end of this year.
Concrete efforts between Commission and national bodies to agree procedures underpinning effective out of court redress on a cross-border basis throughout the EU are progressing rapidly. A network of national bodies dealing with complaints from consumers will co-operate in providing assistance in cases of cross-border problems. National bodies are currently elaborating a Memorandum of Understanding as a necessary basis for good co-operation between such schemes. Cross-border payments continue to receive the highest degree of attention after the introduction of the Euro. The Commission and the ECB are strongly encouraging the banking sector to improve their cross-border payment arrangements for services in this field. Good progress has been made in standardising the necessary information to be given for cheap straight-through processing of cross-border payments. The Commission and the ECB have also suggested the abolition of reporting requirements of banks in respect of cross-border payments for monetary policy purposes.
As for wholesale markets, reasonable progress has been made. Political agreement has been reached on 17 June on the proposal for a Take Over Bids Directive although the parliamentary processes are as yet not completed. A Commission Communication on the Union's future accounting strategy was strongly supported by the July Ecofin Council. The Commission will shortly make a legislative proposal for listed companies to report financial statements in accordance with International Accounting Standards (IAS). The Commission proposed on 11 October a Directive on the Prudential Supervision of Supplementary Pension Funds. A Commission Communication on the Application of Conduct of Business Rules under Article 11 of the ISD and the Communication on the Investment Services Directive (ISD) will be issued in the coming months alongside proposals for directives on 'market manipulation' and on the cross-border use of collateral. Political agreement was reached on the first UCITS proposal at the 17 October Ecofin.
On prudential rules, The Council and the European Parliament have adopted the E-Money Directive and a Directive amending the insurance directives and the ISD to permit information exchange with third countries. Political agreement has been reached on the proposed directives on the winding-up and reorganisation of credit institutions and of insurance undertakings. Political agreement has also been reached on the proposal for amendments to the Money Laundering Directive. The Commission has proposed a directive for new insurance solvency requirements and adopted its Recommendation on the Disclosure of Financial Instruments. The review of bank capital rules (in parallel with the G-10 Basel Committee on Banking Supervision) continues. Work on the supervision of financial conglomerates is on schedule for a draft directive early next year. The Commission is examining the development of a possible framework for reinsurance, where at present there is no legislative framework.
Taxation - progress after Feira
In Feira, the European Council reached an agreement on the step-by step development towards exchange of information as the basis for taxation of savings income of non- residents. Work in Council is progressing steadily in order to achieve agreement on the substantial content of the Directive, possibly before the end of this year. Work in the Council group on the implementation of the Code of Conduct on business taxation is also continuing. In the Taxation Policy Group, the issue of taxation of supplementary pensions is continuing to be discussed as a priority subject.
The Risk Capital Action Plan (RCAP) is also making progress.....
The Lisbon European Council identified the development of a pan-European market for risk capital as a high priority. In particular the Council called for the implementation of the RCAP (Risk Capital Action Plan) by 2003. On 18 October the Commission has adopted two Communications. The first reviews the strategy for developing the EU risk Capital market in view of the Lisbon conclusions and reports on the RCAP progress. It contains an Annex which describes a monitoring and benchmarking mechanism which will be the basis for an incoming RCAP implementation report. The second Communication is a report on the on-going review of the European Investment Bank and European Investment Fund financial instruments and on the coherence of Community financial instruments. The measures in the RCAP of financial nature were incorporated into the FSAP and therefore they should cater also for the needs of the fast-growing SMEs. Of particular importance for developing the EU risk capital market will be the timely adoption of the: (i) directive on the prudential supervision of supplementary pension funds; (ii) two directives on UCITS; (iii) amendment of the two directives on prospectuses; and (iv) legislative follow-up to the EU Accounting Strategy Communication
II Getting our Priorities Right
The FSAP already sets indicative timetable and priorities. Ecofin Ministers, however, invited the Commission to come forward with a more refined (and limited) number of specific priorities and to provide an indicative critical path for each. This the Commission has done, but a number of important considerations remain. The FSAP must, in the view of the Commission, remain as the basis for our work in order to achieve the 2005 deadline. Highlighting a number of key dossiers (in the annex by a () should not detract from this overarching requirement. Secondly, although the priorities identified are rather numerous, the Commission has found it impossible to shorten the length of the list, lest key policies are omitted. Thirdly, the heavy responsibility that currently rests on the Commission to bring forward ten proposals, of which seven legislative, over the next six months will, of course, then shift to the Council and the Parliament. These institutions must do everything possible to minimise bottlenecks and delays.
The introduction of the 2005 Group should help us in this respect. This informal group comprises the Chair of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee, representatives of the present and incoming presidencies and the Commissioner in charge of financial services. The Commission has anticipated new priorities reflecting the evolution in financial services since the FSAP was originated. In particular, the need adopt financial services legislation that can adapt adequately to the rapid changes in financial markets is a matter of key concern to the industry and the European legislator. Many calls have been made to accelerate work on the FSAP and to bring forward the date of completion to 2004. Subject to the agreement of all three institutions, on specific dossiers, efforts may be made to accelerate the date of agreement.
The Committee of Wise Men presided over by Baron Lamfalussy may add to this. The Committee was set up at the 17 July Ecofin, in a joint initiative of the French Presidency and the Commission. It will produce its initial report on 9 November and its final report around mid-February 2001. The Group is examining the current conditions for implementation of the regulation of securities markets in the EU, the Union's regulatory capacity to cope with developments on securities markets and scenarios for adapting current practices in order to ensure greater convergence and co-operation in day to day implementation.
The Commission invites the institutions to endorse these priorities and to take every action necessary to ensure that they are accorded top priority without affecting adversely the other FSAP actions.
The Ten Commission Priorities For The Next Six Months
Single EU wholesale market:
-Upgrading the two Directives on Prospectuses
-Legislative follow-up to the EU Accounting Strategy Communication
-Directive on Cross-Border Use of Collateral
-Commission Communication on the Upgrading of the Investment Services Directive
-Commission Communication on The Application of Conduct of Business Rules Under
Article 11 of the ISD
-Directive on Market Manipulation
Open, secure retail markets:
-Commission Communication on an e-commerce policy for financial services
Sound prudential rules:
-Creation of a Securities Committee
- Directive on Prudential Rules for Financial Conglomerates
-Directive Governing the Capital Framework for Banks and Investment Firms
The Commission's Ten Proposed Priorities For The Council And
The European Parliament For The Next Six Months
Single EU wholesale market:
-Directive on the Prudential Supervision of Supplementary Pension Funds
-The two UCITS Directives
-European Company Statute (long outstanding)
-Directive on Take Over Bids (long outstanding)
Open, secure retail markets:
-Directive on Distance Marketing of Financial Services
Sound prudential rules:
-Directive on the Re-organisation and liquidation of Insurance Undertakings (long outstanding)
-Directive on the Winding-up and reorganisation of Banks (long outstanding)
-Amendments to the Money Laundering Directive
Wider conditions :
-Directive on Savings Tax
-Implementing the December 1997 Code of Conduct on business taxation (Council)
Major economic benefits can be achieved from an integrated wholesale market. The ten measures that are prioritised will vastly improve the climate for investing and raising capital on an EU basis (directives on Prospectuses, Pension Funds, UCITS, Market Manipulation, European Company Statute, Take Over Bids Directive, a Securities Committee and the follow-up to the Accounting Communication; Comunications on upgrading and clarifying the ISD. They would constitute a significant step towards establishing a common legal framework for securities markets and introducing a single set of financial statements for EU listed companies. At the same time, EU consumers should benefit from cross-border competition. This will only be the case if they are sufficiently protected and have confidence in the on-line and off-line EU financial marketplace.
Open and secure retail markets are required to equip EU consumers with the necessary information and safeguards. A legal framework is needed which will allow new distribution channels and marketing technologies to be put to work on a pan-European scale. We need a clear and coherent policy, which takes account of existing rules and technological progress. (Distance Marketing of Financial Services Directive, and E-commerce and Financial Services Green Paper).
State of the art prudential rules and supervision to meet the challenges of consolidation in the industry and financial market developments are prerequisites to maintain financial stability in the Union. Maintaining the financial integrity is also a priority area of attention (Directives on the Capital Framework for Banks and Investment Firms, Prudential Rules for Financial Conglomerates and amendments to the Money Laundering Directive). Finally, the protection of policyholders and depositors and orderly market exits are important cornerstones for financial stability (Directives on the Winding-up and liquidation of Insurance Undertakings and Winding-up and reorganisation of Banks).
Establishing a 'critical path' to implement these priority measures
The Ecofin Council invited the Commission to set out the 'critical path' for the adoption and implementation of each of its proposed priorities. These are presented in the chart on the next page which sets out the stages and deadlines for the Commission, the European Parliament, the Council and the Member States to adopt the measures. The deadlines set for the institutions and the Member States are taken from the Action Plan itself. They reflect the joint responsibility of the three EU institutions and the Member States. Succesful implementation of the actions identified in the critical path will ensure that financial markets contribute fully to economic growth and employment creation.
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Indicators of progress
The Ecofin Council invited the Commission 'to propose possible indicators of progress in realising economic benefits' of an integrated EU financial services market. The availability of a constant stream of reliable data, and the development of reliable econometric models are key. Yet for the financial services sector, such data and models are not readily available. Work is ongoing in the Commission to define indicators of economic benefits. In the meantime, personal representatives of finance ministers in the FSPG are of the view that it is possible to monitor the key trends towards financial market integration in the EU, where appropriate compared to the US, thus providing a useful insight into the developments in key areas. The following non-exhaustive list of indicators could contribute to a monitoring process :
 These indicators are in addition to the series of benchmarks, related to risk capital, proposed by the Commission in the Annex to its Communication "Progress report on Risk Capital Action Plan" of 18 October 2000 addressed to the ECOFIN of 7 November 2000.
- Trends in the admission and capitalisation of new companies to EU stock exchanges;
- Trends in foreign investment in the EU;
- Developments in the use of cross-border collateral in the EU financial markets;
- Mergers & acquisitions in the EU financial services sector and trends towards consolidation in the market;
- The development of funded pension schemes in EU Member States;
- Development in the use of IAS and US-GAAP accounting principles by EU listed companies;
- Comparison among Member States of financing costs (debt, equity), asset management costs (acquisition, sale of shares), and of standard financial products costs, and
- On-line provision, penetration and transaction costs of financial services in the EU, in particular in the retail sector.
If the Council agrees, the Commission will come forward with a set of key indicators based on data mentioned above.
III Other key issues
In an increasingly integrated global financial market, rules on supervision are of crucial importance. The EU must play its part in encouraging high standards of regulation world wide. The EU continues to play a full and active role in forging an international consensus and widespread implementation of best practice in financial regulation. Its support for the work of the IASC (International Accounting Standards Committee) to secure a globally accepted set of financial reporting standards that will enhance financial transparency and facilitate the task of financial supervisors is a good example.
Core elements of existing EU bank capital requirements are now being re-examined to bring them up-to-date with supervisory practices and banking trends. This process takes place in parallel with similar discussions in the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in which the regulators of our main banking competitors participate . The EU is continuing its efforts to take a leading role in tackling issues to maintain a level playing field (taking into account the heterogeneous structure of the EU banking sector).
 Membership of the Basel Committee includes 8 Member States: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK. The Commission and the ECB have an observer role
The pre-adhesion policies of the Union, especially in the perspective of its impending enlargement to Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs), Cyprus and Malta and Turkey continue to receive attention. Precise rules on prudential supervision, in line with EU standards, should lay adequate foundations for a wider Internal Market for financial services as it will exist after enlargement. Greater emphasis is being placed on institution-building and supervisory assistance in the context of preparations for accession. The Commission, in co-operation with national experts, is making progress in preparing proposals for a "peer review" process for beginning 2001.
Trade concerns are emerging
As the EU moves towards its objective of a fully integrated financial services market, it is essential that European financial organisations have proper unfiltered access to the markets of its major competitors as they have to the EU's. However, barriers to entry remain high in many markets, including the United States. There is an increasing concern that recent approaches to screen dealing have the unintended side-effects of closing the US financial services market for EU competitors. Rules that prevent overseas investment through trading screens and for UCITS continue to distort capital flows. EU stock exchanges trading equities can not establish trading screens in the US, even though the core principles protecting investors and ensuring fairness and transparency are similar in both jurisdictions. Furthermore, even though US investment funds can be freely marketed in the EU, EU funds are required to establish 'mirror funds' in the US before they can market their products with US investors, despite the fact that EU and US regulations are broadly equivalent. Similar concerns exist for bank regulation (the Gramm-Leach Bliley Bill) which may prevent EU financial institutions from benefiting from recent changes to US banking legislation to the same extent as US firms. The Commission is pursuing bilateral discussions with US authorities to make progress on these issues. The relevant committees (BAC, IC, HLSS) are kept abreast of developments.
Longstanding concerns already exist about certain elements of the (state) regulation of US insurance markets which effectively act as barriers to entry to important parts of the insurance market (commercial lines insurance, trust fund requirements for reinsurance companies). Efforts are being made in the context of the Trans- Atlantic Economic Partnership (TEP) to make headway in these insurance related areas.
The EU must now co-ordinate its efforts to determine a well researched list of external trade barriers it will seek to remove in the next Trade Round.
Progress on the Action Plan for Financial Services
This annex provides a third overview of progress on actions included in the Action Plan for Financial Services (COM(1999) 232). It tracks progress over the first eighteen months since the adoption of the Action Plan. The reporting date is October/November 2000. The tables summarise the current situation and provide the Commission's assessment of the degree to which Community institutions and Member States are achieving the objectives set out in the Action Plan (note that the timeframes indicated in the table may diverge in some cases from those in the FSAP. This reflects the dynamic nature of this annex and Commission decisions (often after discussion in the FSPG) to accelerate certain measures or to delay their adoption in order to permit further consideration of new developments. The optimal timeframe for their implementation remains however unchanged. Where appropriate a comment has been added in the final column, notably to indicate the next steps to be taken. The fourth progress report will be made to the Ecofin Council and the European parliament mid 2001.
* The star indicates an action which has been successfully completed
+ The cross indicates that progress has been achieved in meeting the targets set in the Action Plan
- The minus sign indicates no progress
-The bell indicates proposed priority measures of the FSAP which represent the key regulatory areas for an integrated financial services sector and for which a critical path has been established
Mechanisms & process
The mechanisms for implementing the Action Plan are critical to its achievement. Over the past six months, and in line with the suggestions in the Action Plan, the Commission relies on the following mechanisms.
* The Financial Services Policy Group (FSPG), comprising personal representatives of economic and finance ministers, continues its tasks as a forum to forge consensus between national ministries involved in financial services regulation. The FSPG has met four times since the adoption of the action plan and has assisted the Commission in monitoring progress and preparing this report.
* Informal discussions take place between representatives of the European Parliament, the present (French) and the next (Swedish) presidencies of the Council, and the European Commission. The objectives of this informal '2005 Group' are to align working calendars to avoid delays in FSAP measures, to exchange views on key political issues in FSAP measures, and to update on progress.
* Six 'Forum Groups', composed of market experts, have been set up to consider the practical and technical aspects of FSAP measures. A number of forum groups have now accomplished their tasks (groups focusing on market manipulation, the ISD, collateral, and market obstacles) and have been discontinued. Work continues in the Forum Groups concerned with consumer information and cross-border cash pooling.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1: A SINGLE EU Wholesale market
Raising capital on an EU-wide basis:
Establishing a common legal framework for integrated securities and dTTTABLEerivatives markets:
Towards a single set of financial statements for listed companies:
Containing systemic risk in securities settlement:
Towards a secure and transparent environment for cross-border restructuring:
A Single Market which works for investors:
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2: OPEN AND SECURE RETAIL MARKETS
Strategic objective 3 : STATE-OF-THE-ART PRUDENTIAL RULES AND SUPERVISION
objective:WIDER CONDITIONS FOR AN OPTIMAL SINGLE FINANCIAL MARKET