Websites von Nicht-EU-Ländern

Websites von Nicht-EU-Ländern

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I.                        Worldwide Databases and Information Websites

 

I.1.                  GLIN

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Library of the Congress of the United States of America

URL:  www.glin.gov

Description of the site: GLIN is a searchable public database of laws, regulations, case law etc. not just for the USA, but also for many (47 in June 2009) other countries and for international organisations. The website is run by the Library of the Congress of the United States with the governments of the other countries and international organisations participating. It provides access to full text of federal US legislation. For the other countries, full text is not always available (and if this is the case, it is provided mostly in original language), but there are summaries in English and sometimes in other languages as well.

 

I.2.                  Guide to Law Online

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Library of the Congress of the United States of America

URL:  www.loc.gov/law/help/guide.php

Description of the site: The "Guide to Law Online" was prepared by the Law Library of Congress of the USA and is a guide to sources of information on government and law available online. It includes selected links to sites for legal information concerning US legislation, legislation of international organisations and all third countries. For most countries, links to Government or Parliament websites are provided as well as links to other websites where useful information on the legislation of the country can be found.

 

II.                     European Countries

II.1.              Albania

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of the Republic of Albania

URL:  www.parlament.al

Nature: Official site of the Parliament of the Republic of Albania

Description of the site: The site is available in English, but by clicking on "Rules" we gain access only to the Constitution and a description of the rules of the Parliament. Further, selected Acts of Parliament are available only in Albanian. The official site of the government www.keshilliministrave.al is also available in English and provides access to the sites of the ministries. Some legal information is available also at www.avokatipopullit.gov.al, which is the official site of the "People's Advocate".

 

II.2.               Armenia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia

URL:  www.parliament.am

Nature: Official site of the National Assembly (Parliament) of the Republic of Armenia

Description of the site: The site provides access to the legislation adopted by the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia. Legislation is listed in thematic and alphabetical order. English and Russian versions of the texts (unofficial translations) are available, translated by Chemonics International Inc. under the USAID/Armenia Rule of Law - Commercial Law Project. Texts are available in their full form as they were adopted, both in consolidated forms and the amendments separately as well. Texts can be downloaded in .pdf format. International agreements concluded by the Republic of Armenia are available from the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (www.armeniaforeignministry.am). Lower level legislation (only in Armenian) is available from the websites of the line ministries. Links to these are provided on the website of the government (www.gov.am).

 

II.3.               Azerbaijan

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan

URL:  www.meclis.gov.az

Nature: Official site of the Parliament of Azerbaijan

Description of the site: Under the heading "quanunlar" national legislation in force starting from 2002 is available in the Azeri language. Full text of the laws as they were adopted is published. The Constitution of the Republic is available also in English (www.meclis.gov.az/?/en/).

 

II.4.               Belarus

Organisation responsible for the website/database: National Centre of Legal Information of the Republic of Belarus

URL:  www.law.by

Nature: Official legal portal

Description of the site: Besides other legal information, this portal provides access to English translations of more than 100 laws. There is also a link to the Belarus Legislation Databank "ETALON", which is a full-text search system containing legal acts issued by the President, Parliament, Government, National Bank, ministries, Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Economic Court, and international treaties. The on-line version of the Belarus Legislation Databank contains the complete set of laws of the Republic of Belarus, acts of the President of the Republic of Belarus and the Government's decisions (only in Russian and Belarusian language). Main legal acts are available there free of charge.

 

II.5.               Bosnia-Herzegovina

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of Bosnia-Herzegovina

URL:  www.fbihvlada.gov.ba

Nature: Official website

Description of the site: The site is available in four languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian and English. The English site provides access to the titles of the laws of the country as they were published in the Official Gazette dating back to 1996. All the other language versions provide under the heading 'zakoni' access to the full text versions of the laws in the form in which they were published in the Official Gazette.

  

II.6.              Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of the Republic of Macedonia

URL:  www.vlada.mk

Nature: Official website of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia

Description of the site: The site is available in Macedonian only. Under 'sluzben vesnik' it provides access to the official version of the National Gazette. The websites of the line ministries, on which lower level legislation can be found, are also accessible.

 

II.7.               Georgia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of the Republic of Georgia

URL:  www.parliament.ge

Nature: Official site of the Parliament of the Republic of Georgia

Description of the site: The web portal was developed by UNDP Georgia (NCTeam) and funded by the EU. The site provides access in English to the Constitution of Georgia and the international acts concluded by Georgia. Other sources of law are available only in Georgian. Full texts of the laws are available in the form in which they were adopted by the Parliament.

 

II.8.              Iceland

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Ministry of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs

URL:  www.domsmalaraduneyti.is

Nature: Official website of the Ministry of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs

Description of the site: This is the website where all the most important legislative data and source such as law and regulations, judgments, administrative rulings, international conventions and the judgments of international courts may be found. The site allows access also to administrative conclusions. The web-site is owned and managed by the Ministry of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs. It is accessible to the public and free of charge. Some of the laws as well as the Constitution are available in English and Danish (one law is available in French and Spanish as well), but most of the information is in Icelandic only. In the Icelandic version, there are links to the websites of the Official Gazette Stjórnartíðindi: (http://www.stjornartidindi.is/), which has been electronically published since November 2005, but also available as a pdf. file since 2001 (section C since 1995). It is accessible to the public and free of charge. There is also a link to the Official Journal Lögbirtingablað (http://www.logbirtingablad.is/), which has been available in electronic form since July 2005, but has also been available in pdf. format since 2001. Initially accessible to the public free of charge, but since September 1st 2006 it has only been available for paying subscribers. A printed version is available on the homepage as a pdf free of charge, but if sent to the subscriber, a charge is made for distribution and printing. Furthermore, there is a link to a collection of all regulations in force (http://www.reglugerd.is) as they appeared in the Official Gazette. It is accessible to the public and free of charge.

Non-authentic consolidated versions of the laws can be found on the Parliaments website (www.althingi.is) under the heading "Lagasafn". This collection was first opened in 1995, is updated 2-3 times a year and free of charge.

The Government portal (www.government.is) offers links to the Ministries and other offices and access to the full text of the Constitution (in English). The website of the Supreme Court (www.haestirettur.is) provides free access to judgements since 1999.

 

II.9.          Moldova

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

URL:  www.parlament.md

Nature: Official site of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Description of the site: The site is available in Moldovan, French, English and Russian including the search function in these languages. The texts of the laws themselves are available only in Moldovan. Texts of the Acts are in their non-consolidated form as they were adopted by the Parliament. Selected "Government Legal Framework" is also available on the official site of the government (www.gov.md) in .pdf format in English (unofficial translation). The websites of the line ministries can also be accessed from here (only in Moldovan). A search engine for consolidated versions of the laws (in Moldovan) is available under the heading "Legislation of Republic of Moldova" (http://justice.md).

 

II.10.          Montenegro

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of Montenegro

URL:  www.skupstina.me

Nature: Official website of the Parliament of Montenegro

Description of the site: The site is available only in Montenegrin. Under "usvojeni zakoni" the official text of the Acts of Parliament adopted as from 2002 may be accessed. Bills pending before the Parliament are available under "predlozi zakona".

The site of the Ministry of Justice (www.pravda.gov.me/en/ministry) provides access to the unofficial English translation of selected Acts of Montenegro. A wider range of legislation is available in Montenegrin.

The National Gazette of Montenegro is available under www.gov.me. The titles of the laws published may be read free of charge but the full official text is available only upon subscription. The on line archive of the Gazette dates back to 1998 and contains the titles of the laws published.

 

II.11.          Norway

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Lovdata foundation of the Ministry of Justice

URL:  www.lovdata.no

Nature: Legal database operated by a non-profit government organisation

Description of the site: The site was launched in May 1995 with the purpose of making legal information available to as wide a circle as possible. Due to the continual developments it now covers the Legal Gazette, statutes in force, regulations of the central and local authorities, Supreme Court and Appellate Court decisions and compulsory and non- compulsory acts of the Parliament. The full texts of all these acts are available upon a monthly charge of NOK 710. The following services however are available free of charge: the official version of the Legal Gazette, unofficial consolidated versions of all statutes and regulations, and new decisions by the Supreme and Appellate Courts.

 

II.12.          Russian Federation

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Russian President

URL:  www.kremlin.ru

Nature: Official website of the Russian President

Description of the site: The left hand side of the screen offers possibilities of access to official documents, such as the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation (official text in different formats, together with the texts of the Constitution of the former Soviet Union). The heading "Federal Constitutional Laws" provides for search possibilities among codes, federal laws, orders and regulations. Full texts of the laws are available in non-consolidated versions. The website is available in Russian and English. However, the content of the English version is restricted to the Constitution and some additional information. Another interesting website is the portal www.gov.ru, which provides access to the official websites of the most important Russian authorities and the regions.

 

II.13.           Serbia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Serbian Parliament

URL:  www.parlament.gov.rs

Nature: Official website of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia

Description of the site: The site contains the official English translation of the Constitution in .pdf format. The Serbian language site of the Parliament gives access to all the Acts of Serbia adopted since 2001 in their official version as published in the National Gazette (Sluzbeni Glasnik). These Acts can be downloaded in .pdf or in Word format free of charge.

The site of the Ministry of Justice (www.mpravde.gov.rs/en/), which is also available in English, provides access to the draft Acts to be submitted to the Parliament together with Acts which fall within the competences of the Ministry, for some of which also an English translation is provided.

 

II.14.          Switzerland

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Swiss Federal Government

URL:  www.admin.ch

Nature: Official website of the Swiss Federal Government

Description of the site: Besides the Swiss Federal Constitution all federal laws, regulations lower level federal laws in force may be found here dating back to 1998. Official and classified federal law compilations and a collection of sectoral agreements are also available from the site. The Swiss Federal Official Gazette and the Official Gazette of Commerce can be also accessed. As far as court decisions are concerned the practice of the administrative authorities is available at www.bk.admin.ch, that of the Federal Penal Court at www.bstger.ch, and of the Federal Supreme Court at www.bger.ch. All these texts are authentic and available free of charge.

 

II.15.           Turkey

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Turkish Government

URL:  http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr

Nature: Official website of the Official Gazette

Description of the site: The website provides access to all legal texts that have been adopted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly and ratified by the President of the Republic, and thereafter published in the Official Gazette. They can also be accessed at the Prime Ministry's website (http://mevzuat.basbakanlik.gov.tr) in Turkish language. Furthermore all draft laws can be accessed not only from this website, but also from the Ministry of Justice (www.adalet.gov.tr) website. All these websites, which are open to the public free of charge, also contain texts of decree laws, regulations, circulars, court decisions, etc. On the Parliament's website (www.tbmm.gov.tr), the constitution is also available in English language.

 

II.16.          Ukraine

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Ukrainian Government

URL:  http://zakon.rada.gov.ua

Nature: Official site of the Ukrainian Government

Description of the site: The site provides access to government documents of different type under the heading the database "Laws of Ukraine". A search engine on the basis of search words and expressions is also provided for. The texts are in Ukrainian, but summaries of the most important pieces of legislation are also provided for in English. The full text of the constitution is also available (under the heading "Parliamentarism in the Ukraine").

 

III.                  Mediterranean Countries

 

III.1.              Algeria

Organisation responsible for the website/database: General Secretariat of the Government

URL:  www.joradp.dz

Nature: Official website

Description of the site: The site provides a free-of-charge access to the Official Journal of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria as from 1962 onward until the present day. The official text of the legislation is available in French and Arabic and can be downloaded in .pdf format. The services available on the site are the following: consultation of the Constitution, direct access to  published issues of the Official Journals, researching by subject of all texts published in the Official Journal (data updated every Wednesday), and references to other publications issued by the General Secretariat of the Government. Consolidated versions of the codifications are also available.

 

III.2.           Egypt

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Egyptian Parliament

URL:  www.parliament.gov.eg

Nature: Official website of the Egyptian Parliament

Description of the site:The website provides access to the Constitution in English and French translations as well as in Arabic. The texts of the laws are available only in Arabic. Most of the ministries have their websites as well, but the information is available only in Arabic.

 

III.3.           Lebanon

 Organisation responsible for the website/database: Lebanese Parliament

URL:  www.lp.gov.lb

Nature: Official website of the Lebanese Parliament

Description of the site: The French version of this site contains a translation of the Constitution. The Arabic version seems to contain further information on legislation as well.

 

III.4.           Morocco

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of the Kingdom of Morocco

URL:  www.justice.gov.ma

Nature: Official website of the Moroccan Ministry of Justice

Description of the site: The main page of the site is available in English French and Arabic, but while being more comprehensive than the English version, the French version does not cover all the content of the Arabic version.

The heading 'legislation' provides access to the Constitution in  three languages, and to 'codes réglementaires' which include among others an unofficial French translation of  extracts from the Family Code, the Commercial Code, the  Labour Code, the Company Code, the Act on Copyrights, etc.Further information materials are available in all three languages on court procedures, organisation of the judiciary, etc.

The site offers an entry possibility to a the page 'e-justice' which provides electronic access to the commercial tribunals of Casa, Rabat,  Agadir, Marrakech, Fez,  Meknes, Oujda, Tanger and to the first instance courts of Anfa and Rabat and to the commercial appeal courts. The different forms used in judicial and extrajudicial proceedings at these courts can also be downloaded. Detailed instructions on how to fill in the forms, and basic information on judicial competences can also be found here. It furthermore offers a practical guide to the Family Code as well. However, the site emphasizes that these data are not official and are only for information purposes. 

Selected consolidated legislation in French and Arabic language can also be found on the website of the Secrétariat Général du Gouvernement (www.sgg.gov.ma). This website also provides access to the official gazette as from 1912, which is also available in an official French translation.

 

III.5.           Israel

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Israeli Parliament (Knesset)

URL: www.knesset.gov.il

Nature: Official website

Description of the site: The website of the Knesset provides for access to the basic laws of the country and some selected other laws in official English translation under the heading 'law'.

Basic information on the legal system of Israel in English language is also available at www.mfa.gov.il under 'Government '> 'law' where basic laws, legal issues and selected laws can be found in unofficial English translations as well as a search engine for the bilateral agreements concluded by Israel. Other ministry sites also provide for access to the legislation of the field concerned in unofficial English translations.

 

III.6.           Tunisia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Tunisian Parliament

URL: www.chambredesconseillers.tn

Nature: Official website of the Tunisian Parliament

Description of the site: The French version of this site contains a translation of the Constitution. The Arabic version seems to contain further information on legislation as well.

 

IV.                  Australia and Oceania

 

IV.1.            Australia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Australian Government, Attorney-General's Department

URL:  www.comlaw.gov.au

Nature: Legal information website of the Australian Government

Description of the site: ComLaw is an integral part of the Australian Law Online initiative to bring low- or no-cost access to the law for the community and is maintained by the Australian Attorney-General's Department. The site provides search possibilities concerning federal (Commonwealth) primary legislation, as well as ancillary documents and information. It incorporates the FRLI, which is an authoritative source for legal instruments and compilations for legal instruments. As new, up-to-date compilations are added to ComLaw and the FRLI, the previous compilations are retained as Historical Data. An item of legislation as it looked at a particular date can therefore be found under the heading of historical data. The historical data also includes legislation of the Commonwealth that is no longer in force (complete back to 1.1.2005, earlier data is added; meanwhile some earlier data is accessible via a link to "SCALEplus"). Access to State law as well as to Federal and State case law is provided under a link to "Other Sites".

The website still states to be a part of "Australian Law Online" (http://www.australianlawonline.gov.au/accesspoint) and provides a link to this site, which has been decommissioned by the end of January 2009. However, it is still possible to access the  other practical information contained on this site, such as how to fill in forms, where the closest government office can be found which will provide assistance, etc. Further useful information on other law and justice-related resources is available on the Attorney-General's website (www.ag.gov.au). Especially dedicated to all family relationship issues, ranging from building better relationships to dispute resolution, is the Family Relationship Online website (www.familyrelationships.gov.au).

 

IV.2.            New Zealand

Organisation responsible for the website/database: New Zealand Parliament Counsel Office

URL:  www.legislation.govt.nz

Nature: Official website of the New Zealand Government

Description of the site: The website provides free public access to up-to-date (consolidated) versions of legislation, including Acts and Statutory Regulations currently in force. Amendment Acts and amendment Regulations are provided in all cases from 1999 onwards. Amendment Acts and amendment Regulations from 1997 and 1998 are also provided, but usually in summary format. In general, amendment Acts and amendment Regulations before 1997 are not provided. Acts repealed and Regulations revoked after 4 September 2007 are available on this website. Legislation repealed or revoked before this date is not generally available, with certain exceptions. Superseded versions of current Acts and Regulations, dating back to 4 September 2007, are retained on the website. The electronic versions provided on the website have no official status, but are intended to become the official source of New Zealand legislation in the future.

 

V.                     North America

 

V.1.              United States of America

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Library of the Congress of the United States of America

URL:  www.loc.gov/law/

Nature: Official site of the Law Library of the Congress of the United States of America

Description of the site: The website provides links to online law sources such as "GLIN" (Global Legal Information Network) and "THOMAS".

GLIN (www.glin.gov) is a searchable public database of laws, regulations, case law etc. not just for the USA, but also for many other countries and international organisations. It provides access to full text of federal US legislation. For the other countries, full text is not always available (and if this is the case, it is provided mostly in original language), but there are summaries in English and sometimes in other languages as well.

The law library website provides also a link to "THOMAS" (thomas.loc.gov), which was launched in January of 1995, at the inception of the 104th Congress. The leadership of the 104th Congress directed the Library of the Congress to make federal legislative information freely available to the public. Since that time THOMAS has expanded the scope of its offerings to include Bills, Resolutions, and Activity in Congress, Congressional Record Schedules, Calendars, Committee Information, Presidential Nominations, Treaties and Government Resources. This information goes back to the 101st Congress (89/90) and is searchable.

Another interesting part of the Law Library website is the "Guide to Law Online" (http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide.php). It was prepared by the Law Library of Congress Public Services Division and is a guide to sources of information on government and law available online. It includes selected links to sites for legal information concerning federal US legislation, legislation of States and Territories of the USA, international organisations and third countries. As far as federal US legislation is concerned, the most interesting links are probably the ones to the Constitution and the United States Code. The US Code is prepared and published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives. The Code is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. The Code does not include regulations issued by executive branch agencies, decisions of the Federal courts, treaties, or laws enacted by State or local governments. Certain titles of the Code have been enacted into positive law, and pursuant to section 204 of title 1 of the Code, the text of those titles is legal evidence of the law contained in those titles. The other titles of the Code are prima facie evidence of the laws contained in those titles. Concerning State legislation links are provided to the respective official websites.

 

V.2.               Canada

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of Canada

URL:  laws.justice.gc.ca/

Nature: Official site of the Canadian Government

Description of the site: This fully bilingual (English/French) site provides consolidated federal Acts and regulations. As of June 1, 2009, all consolidated Acts and regulations are "official", meaning that they can be used for evidentiary purposes.
The site's features include:

  • Point-in-time access to consolidated Acts and regulations
  • An advanced search engine that allows the use of complex search patterns, including word proximity and wildcard operators
  • Regulations listed alphabetically on the new ‘Regulations by Title’ page
  • Amendments "Not in Force" and "Related Provisions"
  • An alternative view of the data using frames.

The site also provides access to helpful research resources and links to other related Web sites.

Under 'constitutional texts' the Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in .pdf format are available under related resources, the heading 'Case Law' provides access to federal and provincial case law (maintained by the Canadian Legal Information Institute). Furthermore the user can choose between Parliamentary bills, information on legislation (Legis Info), and the Canada Gazette.

 

VI.                  Latin American Countries

 

VI.1.           Argentina

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Argentinean Government

URL:  www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/

Nature: Official website of the Argentinean official gazette

Description of the site: The site contains legal provisions in their official versions as adopted from 1893. It is available to the public on a subscription basis. Accession to the legal provisions on the day of their publication is free of charge.

 

VI.2.           Bolivia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Bolivian Government

URL:  www.abi.bo

Nature: Official website of the Bolivian Government

Description of the site: The site provides a free of charge access to the non-official version of the laws as from 1997 and to the decrees as from 2003.

 

VI.3.           Brazil

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Brazilian Federal Government

URL:  www.planalto.gov.br

Nature: Official website of the Brazilian Government

Description of the site: The site provides access to the Brazilian Constitution, Codes, laws, decrees, law decrees and federal level consolidated legislation as well. The site is available free of charge as are the following sites: http://www.senado.gov.br/sf/legislacao  (Senado Federal website), http://www2.camara.gov.br/legislacao (Câmara dos Deputados website).

 

VI.4.           Chile

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Chilean Government

URL:  www.diariooficial.cl

Nature: Official website of the Chilean official gazette

Description of the site: The site provides access to legislative provisions in their official versions as from 1985 on a subscription basis. Access free of charge is permitted to summaries of legislation as from January 2006, as well as to a monthly index of legislation published as from April 1998, and a separate index of laws going back to 1998.

Searchable consolidated legislation is available on the website of the Biblioteca del Congresso Nacional de Chile (http://www.leychile.cl/Consulta?id=1).

 

VI.5.           Colombia 

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Colombian Government

URL:  www.imprenta.gov.co

Nature: Official website of the Colombian official gazette

Description of the site: The site provides a free-of-charge access to the laws in .html format in their official version as from 1999.

 

VI.6.           Costa Rica

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Costa Rican Government

URL:  www.imprenal.go.cr

Nature: Official website of the Costa Rican official gazette

 

Description of the site: The site provides access to the laws of the country as published in the Official Gazette. The laws are available in .pdf format, the use of the site is free of charge. The Legislative Assembly provides for access to consolidated versions of national legislation.

 

VI.7.          Cuba 

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Cuban Government

URL:  www.cubagob.cu

Nature: Official website of the Cuban Government

Description of the site: The site provides access to the adopted Cuban legislation in their form as they appear in the Official Gazette. The most important Codes, like the Civil Code or the Penal Code are also available in their updated versions. The site provides direct access to the Official Gazettes of other Latin American countries. The Cuban Parliament (www.parlamentocubano.cu) also has its websites with selected pieces of legislation.

 

VI.8.           Dominican Republic

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Dominican Parliament

URL:  www.camaradediputados.gov.do/masterlex/default.asp

Nature: Official website of the Dominican Government

Description of the site: ''Masterlex'' legislative site provides free of charge access to legislation as published in the official gazette.

 

VI.9.           Ecuador

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Ecuadorian Parliament

URL:  www.asambleanacional.gov.ec

Nature: Official website of the Ecuadorian Parliament

Description of the site: The site provides access to the laws of Ecuador as they were published in the official gazette. However, only a limited number of recent laws can be found. All issues of the official gazette dating back to 2000 as well as consolidated versions of important laws can be found on www.derechoecuador.com, part of the website of La Hora, an Ecuadorian newspaper.

 

VI.10.       El Salvador

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of El Salvador

URL:  www.gobernacion.gob.sv

Nature: Official website of the Government of El Salvador

Description of the site: The site provides access to the front pages of the Official Gazettes with the numbers and titles of the laws adopted. The text itself of the adopted legislation, however, is not available free of charge, but the site refers to the possibilities how to obtain them on a payment basis. The site of the Legislative Assembly (www.asamblea.gob.sv) also provides for the same kind of limited access. It also offers a link to GLIN (www.glin.gov), a service of the law library of the US Congress which contains also El Salvador legislation (cf. worldwide databases).

 

VI.11.       Guatemala

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Guatemalan Parliament

URL:  www.congreso.gob.gt

Nature: Official website of the Guatemalan Parliament

Description of the site: Under the heading "Decretos", the site contains laws as published in the official gazette. There is also a link to GLIN (www.glin.gov), a service of the law library of the US Congress which contains also Guatemala legislation (cf. worldwide databases).

 

VI.12.       Honduras

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of Honduras

URL:  www.congreso.gob.hn

Nature: Official website of the Parliament of Honduras

Description of the site: The site provides access to legislation as published in the official gazette. The codices are provided under a separate link, and while being kept in the unconsolidated version, footnotes indicate amendments, which are also easily accessible. There is also a link to GLIN (www.glin.gov), a service of the law library of the US Congress which contains also legislation of Honduras (cf. worldwide databases). The website of the Poder Judicial (http://www.poderjudicial.gob.hn/) contains consolidated versions of important pieces of legislation as well as case law of the Supreme Court.

 

VI.13.        Mexico

 Organisation responsible for the website/database: Mexican Government

URL:  www.ordenjuridico.gob.mx

Nature: Official website of the Mexican Government

Description of the site: This website, also accessible via a link from the Government's main website (www.gobernacion.gob.mx), provides for legal information on federal legislation and links to State legislation. There is a link to the Federal and State official gazettes, where the legislation in their official form can be found. In the center of the website, directly under "Ambito Federal", a list of consolidated federal legislation can be opened. Links to the States are provided, where State legislation may be found. There is also a link to "Normateca", which features a search engine for consolidated versions of federal legislation.

 

VI.14.       Nicaragua

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Nicaraguan Government

URL:  www.asamblea.gob.ni

Nature: Official website of the Nicaraguan Government

Description of the site: The site provides access to all national legislation as from 1933, and offers several search possibilities in the database. Courts have their own websites as well (www.poderjudicial.gob.ni) with user friendly information about the functioning and powers of the different courts. A map with the territorial and material competences of courts is also available.

 

VI.15.       Panama

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of Panama

URL:  www.asamblea.gob.pa

Nature: Official website of the Parliament of Panama

Description of the site: The site gives access to the Official Gazette, and to its on line database called 'legispan' where all national legislation is available as from 1903. The electronic version of the Official Gazette is considered the official version as from 3.7.2006. These documents can also be found directly under the Official Gazette website (www.gacetaoficial.gob.pa). The Parliament's website also provides for a link to GLIN, a database maintained by the Law Library of the US Congress (cf. worldwide databases), where consolidated versions of Panama legislation can be found (with English summaries). The site of the Ministry of Justice (www.panamatramita.gob.pa) also provides descriptive legal information to the public.

 

VI.16.       Paraguay

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Paraguayan Parliament

URL:  www.congreso.gov.py

Nature: Official website of the Paraguayan Parliament

Description of the site: The site provides access to the websites of the Cámara des Senadores and the Cámara des Diputados as well as to "Sistema de Información Legislativa" (SIL). SIL contains bills, other documents of Parliament and the laws enacted in the last few years and is still under construction. The website of Cámara des Senadores gives access to "Digesto Legislativo" where Paraguay legislation can be found as published in the official gazette, listed by legal areas. The site of Cámara de Diputados also contains a heading "Leyes". Both sites offer links to GLIN, a database maintained by the Law Library of the US Congress (cf. worldwide databases), where consolidated versions of Paraguay legislation can be found (with English summaries). . There is a link to the Poder Judicial as well (www.pj.gov.py) where selected judgements of the Supreme Court can be found.

 

VI.17.       Peru

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Peruvian Parliament

URL:  www.congreso.gob.pe

Nature:  Official website of the Peruvian Parliament

Description of the site: Under the heading "Archivo Digital de la Legislación en el Perú"this website provides access to the legislation as it was published in the official journal.

 

VI.18.       Uruguay

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Uruguayan Parliament

URL:  www.parlamento.gub.uy

Nature: Official website of the Uruguayan Parliament

Description of the site: Under the heading "Leyes", this website provides access to the legislation as it was published in the official gazette. Under the heading "Varios" it provides access to the Constitution and to consolidated versions of some important laws.

 

VI.19.       Venezuela

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Venezuelan Supreme Court

URL:  http://www.tsj.gov.ve

Nature: Official website of the Venezuelan Supreme Court

Description of the site: The site provides a free of charge access to the laws adopted as from 2000 as they were published in the official gazette (searchable only by number) as well as a selection of consolidated versions of laws.

 

VII.               African countries

 

VII.1.        Angola

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Angolan Government

URL:  www.governo.gov.ao

Nature: Official website of the Angolan Government

Description of the site: The site gives searchable access to selected legislation. There is a portal to other authorities like the Parliament or the Supreme Court, which is still under construction. The Angolan Bar Association has its unofficial site (www.oaang.org) which provides access to those selected laws of the country which are important from the point of view of functioning of the courts and advocates. It has a restricted part which is available for registered advocates only with password.

 

VII.2.        Cape Verde

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Parliament of Cape Verde

URL:  www.parlamento.cv

Nature: Official website of the Cape Verde

Description of the site: The site of the parliament contains the text of the Constitution and some selected laws.

 

VII.3.        Kenya

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Kenyan Government

URL:   http://www.kenyalawreports.or.ke

Nature: Official site of the Kenyan National Council of Law Reporting

Description of the site: The National Council for Law Reporting is a corporate body established by the National Council for law Reporting Act, 1994 and given the exclusive mandate of "publication of the reports to be known as the Kenyan Law Reports which shall contain judgments, rulings and opinions of the Superior Courts of record and also undertake such other publications as in the opinion of the Council are reasonably related to or connected with the preparation and publication of the Kenya Law Reports" (section 3). The website contains consolidated versions of Kenyan laws, the Kenya Gazette and other legal notices.

 

VII.4.         Mozambique

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of Mozambique

URL:  www.portaldogoverno.gov.mz

Nature: Official website of the Government of Mozambique

Description of the site: The site contains the Constitution and provides access to the Official Gazette which is available in .pdf format as from 2006. It offers sectoral search possibilities for other legislation as well.

 

VII.5.         Niger

Organization responsible for the website/database: National Assembly of Niger

URL:  www.assemblee.ne

Nature: Official site of the National Assembly of Niger

Description of the site: The site provides access to the Constitution and some laws as well as the denomination of all laws adopted by the Assembly as from 2000 (without possibility to access the content of these laws).

 

VII.6.       Nigeria 

Organization responsible for the website/database: National Congress of Nigeria

URL: www.nigeriacongress.org

Nature: Official site of the Nigerian Parliament (Congress)

Description of the site: The site is open to the public only since 2004. It provides access to the Constitution and the Electoral Act. The link to "Legislative Instruments Database" does not work at the moment.  Bills adopted, however, are available at www.nassnig.org, which is the official website of the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The laws published here are not official versions either.

 

VII.7.         Senegal

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of Senegal

URL:  www.gouv.sn

Nature: Official site of the Government of Senegal

Description of the site: When clicking on "textes officiels" more headings appear which, inter alia, provide access to 11 codes and the Constitution in consolidated versions. The database "textes officiels" states that it is still under construction and contains only the most recent peaces of legislation. Once fully operable, it should provide searchable access to legislation of Senegal. The site contains a warning that only the version as published in the Official Gazette can be considered as official.

VII.8.         South Africa

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of South Africa

URL:  www.gov.za

Nature: Official website of the South African Government

Description of the site: The heading 'documents' provides access to documents for public comment, the Constitution, Acts, Bills, notices, Regulations, White Papers, Green Papers, tendersParliamentary documents, annual reports, provincial documents, other documents, international reports, and official forms. All laws are available in .pdf format, in their official form as they were published in the Official Gazette. Laws date back to 1993 and, can be accessed on a yearly basis, on the basis of the subject matter or with the help of a search engine.

 

VIII.             Asian Countries

 

VIII.1.     Afghanistan

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Afghanistan Ministry of Justice

URL:  www.moj.gov.af

Nature: Official site of Ministry of Justice

Description of the site: The site provides access to a "Search of the Laws", which is available in Pashtu/Dari only. The Constitution should be available in English translation as well.

 

VIII.2.     China

Organisation responsible for the website/database: National People's Congress

URL:  www.npc.gov.cn

Nature: Official site of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China

Description of the site: The site provides a "Laws & Regulations Database" giving access to English full text versions of legislation. There is a full text search facility as well as a search system by category.

 

VIII.3.     India

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Courts informatics Division, National Informatics Centre, Indian Ministry of Communication and Information Technology

URL:  indiacode.nic.in/

Nature: Official site

Description of the site: The site contains the India Code Information System which includes consolidated versions of all Central Acts of Parliament right from 1836 onwards. Links are also made to the Judgement Information system (JUDIS) consisting of the Judgments of the Supreme Court of India and several High Courts.

There are also links to the websites of the Indian Parliament - the Lok Sabha (http://loksabha.nic.in) and the Rajya Sabha (http://rajyasabha.nic.in) - where Bills pending can be found. Links to websites of the State Parliaments are provided as well, where State legislation may be found.

 

VIII.4.     Indonesia

Organisation responsible for the website/database: The House of Representatives

URL:  www.dpr.go.id

Nature: Official site

Description of the site: While the English version of the website is only descriptive and provides only for limited information, the Indonesian version seems to offer a search engine for legislation.

 

VIII.5.      Japan

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Japanese Ministry of Justice

URL:  www.moj.go.jp

Nature: Official site of the Japanese Ministry of Justice

Description of the site: The English version of the website of the Ministry of justice provides access to the Japanese Law Translation system. The main features of this homepage are approximately 200 translated laws(with consecutive additions to be added hereafter) and a standard bilingual dictionary, which includes translation rules and standardized legal terms with English translations and examples. All of the features and information of this website are available free of charge. The website can be viewed in either Japanese or English. In addition, various easy-to-use functions are available, such as: legal search mechanisms classified by names of laws, legal provisions, and fields of law; a searchable dictionary; and a keyword in context search. Furthermore, the data regarding the translated laws can be viewed and downloaded as Notepad, PDF, and Word Processor files.

The website of the Library of the Diet (Japanese Parliament) provides access to an Index Database to Japanese Laws Regulations and Bills (in Japanese only), where you can search Japanese laws and regulations promulgated in and after 1886 and also bills introduced to the Diet since 1947 (not full text). It provides dates of amendment, dates of abolition, etc. concerning the laws and regulations, the progress of the Diet's deliberations and links to the minutes (Japanese only). There are also links to the websites of the Parliament and the official gazette. The House of Councillors (http://www.sangiin.go.jp/eng/index.htm) provides an English translation of the Constitution and other selected laws. The Supreme Court of Japan has its own website (www.courts.go.jp), where selected judgements of this court are included.

 

VIII.6.                 Jordan

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

URL: www.jordan.gov.jo

Nature: Official website

Description of the site: The site provides access to Jordanian legislation ("Jordanian Legal System") which is available only in Arabic language.

The Constitution and the National Charter are accessible in English on the website of King Abdullah II (www.kingabdullah.jo), other important documents under www.kinghussein.gov.jo/documents.

 

VIII.7.                 Singapore

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Attorney General's Chambers

URL: www.agc.gov.sg

Nature: Official website

Description of the site: The website is a legal research tool which offers access to the full consolidated text of all current Acts of Singapore. Updated on a monthly basis, the service is provided by the Attorney-General's Chambers and the Ministry of Finance.

 

VIII.8.      Timor-Leste

Organisation responsible for the website/database: Government of Timor - Leste

URL:  www.timor-leste.gov.tl

Nature: Official website of the Government

Description of the site: This governmental portal provides access to the Constitution in different language versions and to the sites of different ministries, the president of the Republic and the Parliament.