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Comprehensive ban on nuclear testing

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Comprehensive ban on nuclear testing

In the framework of its Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, the European Union (EU) supports the activities of the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO). This Joint Action is intended to strengthen the capabilities and the operational performance of the CTBTO's monitoring and verification system.

ACT

Council Joint Action 2007/468/CFSP of 28 June 2007 on support for activities of the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) in order to strengthen its monitoring and verification capabilities and in the framework of the implementation of the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction [Official Journal L 176 of 6.7.2007].

SUMMARY

The signatory states to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (FR), adopted in 1996, have set up a Preparatory Commission to carry out the effective implementation of the CTBT pending the establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO).

Two of the most important elements of the EU's Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction are the early entry into force of the CTBT and the improvement of the capabilities and the operational performance of the CTBTO's monitoring and verification system. In pursuit of these objectives the EU provides financial support for specific projects conducted by the Preparatory Commission of the CTBTO.

The projects for which the EU will provide financing concern:

  • Support for the development of capacity in the area of noble gas monitoring and verification. The objective is to have 90 % of International Monitoring System (IMS) stations operational by the beginning of 2008. In addition, the number of operational stations capable of monitoring the presence of noble gases in the atmosphere needs to be increased before the Treaty comes into force. Currently only 25 % of the projected number are operational or under construction.
  • Support for the Integrated Field Exercise to be held in 2008 in the framework of the On-Site Inspection Mechanism. The first integrated field exercise in the framework of the large-scale on-site inspection mechanism will be held in September 2008 in Kazakhstan. The EU will provide support in three areas: transportation, establishment of operational base-camps, and an evaluation workshop.

The Presidency of the EU is responsible for implementing this Joint Action, assisted by the Secretary-General of the Council, but the projects will in fact be carried out by the Preparatory Commission of the CTBTO.

The sum of EUR 1 670 000 has been earmarked for these projects, which are described in detail in the Annex to the Joint Action.

Background

In 2003 the EU described how the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (Decision 2003/567/CFSP) could be brought into force as rapidly as possible, thus implementing Common Position 1999/533/CFSP.

In 2006 the Council of the European Union adopted a Joint Action (2006/243/CFSP) on support for the activities of the Preparatory Commission of the CTBTO in the areas of training and capacity building for verification and in the framework of the implementation of the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction.

References

Act

Entry into force - Date of expiry

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Joint Action 2007/468/CFSP

28.6.2007

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Official Journal L 176 of 6 July 2007

Last updated: 27.09.2007

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