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Document 31990R3596

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Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3596/90 of 12 December 1990 laying down quality standards for peaches and nectarines
  • No longer in force
OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 38–42 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT)
Special edition in Finnish: Chapter 03 Volume 035 P. 245 - 249
Special edition in Swedish: Chapter 03 Volume 035 P. 245 - 249

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/1990/3596/oj
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Dates
  • Date of document: 12/12/1990
  • Date of effect: 01/05/1991; začetek veljavnosti glej člen 3
  • Date of end of validity: 01/12/1999; razveljavil 399R2335;
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  • Author: Evropska komisija
  • Form: Uredba
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Text

31990R3596

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3596/90 of 12 December 1990 laying down quality standards for peaches and nectarines

Official Journal L 350 , 14/12/1990 P. 0038 - 0042
Finnish special edition: Chapter 3 Volume 35 P. 0245
Swedish special edition: Chapter 3 Volume 35 P. 0245


COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 3596/90 of 12 December 1990 laying down quality standards for peaches and nectarines

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EEC) No 1035/72 of 18 May 1972 on the common organization of the market in fruit and vegetables (1), as last amended by Regulation (EEC) No 1193/90 (2), and in particular Article 2 (3) thereof,

Whereas Annex II 4 to Council Regulation No 23 (3), as last amended by Regulation (EEC) No 74/88 (4), lays down common quality standards for peaches ; whereas the text already includes provisions relating to nectarines;

Whereas there have been developments in the production and marketing of these products, particularly in the requirements of the wholesale and consumer markets ; whereas the quality standards should be amended accordingly ; whereas the current market situation does not require the definition of the supplementary quality class as defined in Council Regulation 211/66/EEC (5), as last amended by Regulation (EEC) No 1730/87 (6);

Whereas the standards apply to all marketing stages ; whereas long-distance transport, storage over a certain period and the various processes which the products undergo may cause certain alterations owing to the biological development of the products or to their relatively perishable nature ; whereas such alterations should be taken into account in applying the standards to the marketing stages which follow the dispatch stage ; whereas products of the "Extra" class are particularly carefully sorted and packed and therefore the only factor that should be taken into account is a deterioration in their freshness and turgidity;

Whereas, for reasons of clarity and legal certainty, and for the convenience of those concerned, the said rules should be thoroughly revised when they are next amended;

Whereas the measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Management Committee for Fruit and Vegetables,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

The quality standards relating to peaches and nectarines falling within CN code 0809 30 00 shall be as indicated in the Annex hereto.

These standards shall apply to all marketing stages under the conditions provided for in Regulation (EEC) No 1035/72.

Nevertheless, in the stages following that of dispatch the products may, by comparison with the requirements of the standards: - show a slight reduction in freshness and turgidity,

- for products in classes other than "Extra", exhibit slight alterations owing to their development and their relatively perishable nature.

Article 2

1. In Article 2 of Regulation No 23 and Article 1 of Regulation No 211/66/EEC, "peaches" is hereby deleted.

2. Annex II 4 to Regulation No 23 and Annex IV to Regulation No 211/66/EEC are hereby deleted.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 May 1990. (1) OJ No L 118, 20.5.1972, p. 1. (2) OJ No L 119, 11.5.1990, p. 43. (3) OJ No 30, 20.4.1962, p. 965/62. (4) OJ No L 10, 14.1.1988, p. 8. (5) OJ No 233, 20.12.1966, p. 3939/66. (6) OJ No L 163, 23.6.1987, p. 25.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 12 December 1990.

For the Commission

Ray MAC SHARRY

Member of the Commission

ANNEX QUALITY STANDARD FOR PEACHES AND NECTARINES

I. DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to peaches and nectarines (1) grown from varieties (cultivars) or Prunus persica Sieb. and Zucc., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, peaches for industrial processing being excluded.

II. PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for peaches and nectarines after preparation and packaging. A. Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the peaches and nectarines must be: - intact,

- sound ; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

- clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

- free of abnormal external moisture,

- free of any foreign smell and/pr taste,

- practically free from pests,

- practically free from damage caused by pests.

The peaches and nectarines must have been carefully picked. The development and the state of ripeness of the peaches must be such as to enable them: - to withstand transport and handling, and

- to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B. Classification

The peaches and the nectarines are classified into three classes defined below: (i) "Extra" class

The peaches and the nectarines in this class must be of a superior quality. In shape, development and colouring they must be typical of the variety allowing for the district in which they are grown. They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii) Class I

The peaches and the nectarines in this class must be of good quality. They must have the characteristics typical of the variety, allowing for the district in which the fruit is grown. However, a slight defect in shape, development or colouring may be allowed.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

Peaches spilt where the stem is joined to the fruit are excluded.

Slight skin defects however may be allowed provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and the presentation in the package and do not exceed: - 1 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

- 0,5 cm2 of the total area for other defects. (1) This text applies to all varieties grown from Prunus persica Sieb. and Zucc., being peaches or nectarines or similar with attached or unattached stone and smooth or rough skin.

(iii) Class II

This class includes peaches and the nectarines which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh should not show any serious defects. Peaches spilt where the stem is jointed to the fruit are allowed only in connection with the quality tolerances.

Skin defects may be allowed provided that the fruit retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation and do not exceed: - 2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape, and

- 1,5 cm2 in total area for all other defects.

III. PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Sizing is determined by: - circumference, or

- maximum diameter of the equatorial section.

The peaches and the nectarines must be graded according to the following scale: >PIC FILE= "T0048071">

The minimum size allowed for the "Extra" class is 17,5 cm (circumference) and 56 mm (diameter).

Sizing is compulsory for all classes.

IV. PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

Tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each package for produce not satisfying the requirements for the class indicated. A. Quality tolerances (i) "Extra" class

5 % by number or weight of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirement for the class, but meeting the requirements for class I or, exceptionally, coming within the tolerances for that class.

(ii) Class I

10 % by number or weight of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements for the class, but meeting the requirements for class II or, exceptionally, coming within the tolerances for that class.

(iii) Class II

10 % by number or weight of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements for the class or the minimum requirements, excluding, fruit affected by rotting, pronounced bruising or any other deterioration rendering it unfit for consumption.

B. Size tolerances

For all classes, 10 % by number or weight of peaches up to 1 cm larger or smaller than the size stated on the package in the case of sizing by circumference and up to 3 mm larger or smaller in the case of sizing by diameter.

However, for fruit in the smallest class, this tolerance shall apply only to peaches or nectarines of a size smaller by not more than 6 mm (circumference) or 2 mm (diameter) than the specified minimum size.

V. PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION A. Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only peaches or nectarines of the same origin, variety, quality, degree of ripeness and size, and for "Extra" class, the contents must also be uniform in colour.

The visible part of the contents of each package must be representative of the entire contents.

B. Packaging

The peaches or nectarines must be packed in such a way as to ensure that they are suitably protected.

The materials used inside the package must be new, clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials and particularily of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided that the printing or labelling has been done with a non-toxic ink or glue. Packages must be free from all foreign matter.

C. presentation

The peaches and the nectarines may be presented in one of the following ways: - in small packages,

- in a single layer, in the case of "Extra" class ; each individual fruit in this category must be separated from its neighbours,

- in classes I and II - in on or two layers, or

- not more than four layers where the fruit is placed in rigid pockets so arranged that they do not rest on the fruit in the layer immediately below.

VI. PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked and visible from the outside: A. Identification >PIC FILE= "T0048072">

B. Nature of produce - name of the product, if the contents of the package are not visible from the outside,

- name of the variety for classes "Extra" and I.

C. Origin of produce - country of origin and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

D. Commercial specifications - class,

- size expressed as minimum and maximum diameter or minimum and maximum circumference or according to the coding set out in Section III "Sizing",

- Number of units (optional).

E. Official control mark (optional).

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