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Reduction in CO2 emissions of new passenger cars

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Reduction in CO2 emissions of new passenger cars

Road transport is one of the largest greenhouse-gas emitting sectors in the European Union (EU). In order to reduce emissions in this sector, this Regulation sets limits for new passenger cars.

ACT

Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the Community's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (Text with EEA relevance).

SUMMARY

This Regulation sets standards to manage the CO2 emissions of new passenger cars. The limit set by the Regulation is 130 g of CO2/km. From 2020 onwards, this level is to be reduced to 95 g of CO2.

Types of vehicles affected by the Regulation

The Regulation shall apply to vehicles of category M1 as defined in Annex II to the Directive on the type-approval of motor vehicles which are registered in the European Union (EU) for the first time and which have not previously been registered in a third country.

Specific emission targets

Manufacturers of vehicles have targets in terms of average CO2 emissions, the formulae for which are set out in Annex I to this Regulation.

For each manufacturer, the following percentages of passenger cars are taken into account in order to determine average specific emissions of CO2:

  • 65 % in 2012;
  • 75 % in 2013;
  • 80 % in 2014;
  • 100 % from 2015 onwards.

This Regulation includes specific provisions for vehicles running on fuels containing 85 % ethanol (E85). In order to determine whether a manufacturer meets their CO2 emission targets, the percentage of specific emissions for this type of vehicle is to be reduced by 5 % until 31 December 2015. This reduction target is only applicable if at least 30 % of the service stations in the Member State where the vehicle is registered are able to offer this type of biofuel.

In order to create incentives for the car industry to invest in new technologies, super-credits encourage the development of cars generating fewer emissions than traditional cars. In calculating the average specific emissions of CO2, each new passenger car with specific emissions of CO2 of less than 50 g/km shall be counted as:

  • 3.5 cars in 2012,
  • 3.5 cars in 2013,
  • 2.5 cars in 2014,
  • 1.5 cars in 2015,
  • 1 car from 2016.

Pools of manufacturers

In order to meet targets for specific emissions, manufacturers may form pools. To do this, they shall send the European Commission an information file including the list of participating manufacturers, the name of the manufacturer nominated as pool manager and proof that the latter has the capacity to fulfil their duties.

Monitoring and reporting of average emissions

For each calendar year, Member States shall collect an entire series of data for each new passenger car registered in their territory (including the manufacturer, the number of the type-approval, the specific emissions of CO2, etc.) and send this information to the Commission. They shall also send the following to the Commission by 28 February:

  • the sources used to collect the data mentioned above;
  • the total number of new registrations of new passenger cars subject to EC type-approval;
  • the total number of new registrations of new individually approved passenger cars;
  • the total number of new registrations of new passenger cars approved nationally in small series;
  • the percentage of all fuel filling stations on their territory providing E85.

The Commission shall keep a publicly available central register of this data and for each manufacturer shall provisionally calculate:

  • the average specific emissions of CO2 in the preceding calendar year;
  • the specific emissions target in the preceding calendar year;
  • the difference between its average specific emissions of CO2 in the preceding calendar year and its specific emissions target for that year.

Excess emissions premium

From 2012, manufacturers must pay an excess emissions premium if they exceed their specific emissions target. From 2019, this premium will be calculated in a different way.

Derogations for certain manufacturers

Manufacturers may apply to the Commission for a derogation in the following cases:

  • they produce fewer than 10 000 new passenger cars registered in the EU;
  • they are not part of group of connected manufacturers;
  • they are connected manufacturers which represent in total fewer than 10 000 new passenger cars registered in the EU;
  • they are part of a group of connected manufacturers but operate their own production facilities and design centre.

The Commission may grant a derogation for a period of maximum five years.

Eco-innovation

Suppliers and manufacturers may apply innovative technologies to reduce CO2 emissions. The total contribution of these technologies may reach a maximum of 7 g of CO2/km.

The Regulation repeals Decision No 1753/2000/EC.

REFERENCE

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 443/2009

8.6.2009

-

OJ L 140 of 5.6.2009

Amending Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

397/2013

8.5.2013

-

OJ L 120 of 1.5.2013

Regulation (EU) No 333/2014

-

-

OJ L 103 of 5.4.2014

RELATED ACT(S)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1014/2010 on monitoring and reporting of data on the registration of new passenger cars pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance).

This Regulation lays down guidelines relating to the collection and reporting of data about each new passenger car. These data are to be used in determining the specific CO2 emissions target and in assessing whether manufacturers comply with that target.

These data are based on the information contained in the certificate of conformity of the passenger car concerned. They also concern vehicles which:

  • generate few CO2 emissions;
  • run on ethanol;
  • are equipped with innovative technologies.

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 396/2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1014/2010 as regards certain requirements for the monitoring of CO2 emissions from new passenger cars.

This implementing text aims to align Regulation (EU) No 1014/2010 as regards the monitoring and reporting of data on the registration of new passenger cars with the amendments made to Annex II of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009.

Last updated: 07.02.2014

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