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European GNSS Agency - EUR-Lex

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European GNSS Agency - EUR-Lex

This regulation establishes the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Agency, which is responsible for ensuring the security accreditation of the systems and the operation of the Galileo security centre as well as contributing to the preparation of the commercialisation of the systems with a view to smooth functioning, seamless service provision and high market penetration.


Regulation (EU) No 912/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 setting up the European GNSS Agency, repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1321/2004 on the establishment of structures for the management of the European satellite radio navigation programmes.


This regulation repeals Regulation (EC) No 1321/2004 which had previously established the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Supervisory Authority, a Community agency. Regulation (EC) No 683/2008, which defines the new framework for the public governance and funding of the EGNOS and Galileo programmes, sets out the principle of strict division of responsibilities between the Commission, the authority and the European Space Agency (ESA). This regulation grants the Commission certain responsibilities which had previously belonged to the authority, such as the management of the programmes. The authority was renamed the European GNSS Agency. Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 sets out the role and tasks of this agency. The agency is responsible for the following tasks:

  • ensuring security accreditation;
  • operating the Galileo security centre;
  • contributing to the preparation of the commercialisation of the systems;
  • accomplishing other tasks that may be entrusted to it by the Commission, in accordance with Article 54(2)(b) of the Financial Regulation, addressing specific issues linked to the programmes.

Structure of the agency

The agency is a body of the European Union (EU) with legal personality that is recognised in all EU countries and, as such, can be a party to legal proceedings. The agency has the following bodies: the Administrative Board, the Executive Director, and the Security Accreditation Board for European GNSS systems.

The Administrative Board is composed of one representative from each EU country, five representatives from the Commission and a non-voting representative from the European Parliament. Members are appointed for a term of five years, renewable once. Each representative has one vote, and decisions are taken by a two-thirds majority. The Administrative Board is responsible for ensuring the agency fulfils the tasks entrusted to it in this regulation. With regard to security accreditation matters, the Administrative Board is only responsible for resources and budgetary issues.

The Executive Director manages the agency. S/he is appointed and supervised by the Administrative Board for a term of five years, renewable once. The Executive Director is responsible for managing and representing the agency.

The Security Accreditation Board is composed of one representative from each EU country, one representative each from the Commission and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. It acts as the security accreditation authority and will need to establish the compliance of the systems with security requirements prior to all major programmatic decisions, such as the approval of the security accreditation strategy, the launch of satellites, the authorisation to operate the systems and ground stations and the manufacture of PRS receivers.



Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 912/2010



OJ L 276 of 20.10.2010


Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Regulation (EU) No 912/2010 setting up the European GNSS Agency [COM (2013) 40 final of 6.02.2013 - not published in the Official Journal]

This proposal seeks to amend Regulation (EU) No 912/2010 with a view to ensuring the independence of the exercise of activities relating to security systems accreditation, as well as the separation between these activities and other activities of the European GNSS Agency.

To do so, the proposal provides mainly for an increase in the powers of the Security Accreditation Board and those of the Chairperson of the Security Accreditation Board, by partly aligning them with those of the Administrative Board and the Executive Director respectively, while providing for a cooperation requirement between the various bodies of the Agency.

The Security Accreditation Board, and not the Administrative Board would prepare and approve the part of the Agency work programmes describing the operational activities associated with security accreditation of the systems, as well as the part of the annual report concerning the activities and prospects of the Agency with regard to the systems' security accreditation activities and submit them in good time to the Administrative Board so that they can be incorporated in the Agency's work programme and annual report.

The Chairperson of the Security Accreditation Board would be assigned a role in relation to security accreditation activities comparable to that of the Executive Director in other Agency activities. Therefore, the Chairperson of the Security Accreditation Board would manage the security accreditation activities under the direction of the Security Accreditation Board and ensure the implementation of the part of the Agency work programmes associated with accreditation.