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Clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles

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Clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles

This Directive contributes to the European targets for energy efficiency and the reduction of pollutant emissions in the transport sector. It establishes a framework to foster the promotion and development of a market for clean vehicles.

ACT

Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (Text with EEA relevance).

SUMMARY

This Directive aims at promoting and stimulating the development of a market for clean and energy-efficient vehicles. With regard to procurement for public transport, the Directive requires public authorities and some other operators to take into account the impact of these vehicles during their operational lifetime in terms of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and other pollutant emissions.

Scope

The Directive applies to contracts for the purchase of road transport vehicles entered into by:

  • contracting authorities and contracting entities;
  • operators for the discharge of public service obligations under a public service contract.

Purchase of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles

Member States shall ensure that contracting authorities, contracting entities and operators under a public service contract take into account the operational lifetime energy and environmental impacts when purchasing road transport vehicles.

Energy and environmental impacts include:

  • energy consumption;
  • emissions of CO2;
  • emissions of NOx, NMHC and particulate matter.

In order to fulfil this requirement to take into account the environmental impact of vehicles, contracting authorities, contracting entities and operators of public transport services can choose to set technical specifications for energy and environmental performance in the documentation established when the vehicle is purchased or to include energy and environmental impacts in the purchasing decision.

Methodology for the calculation of operational lifetime costs

The Directive provides for a methodology for calculation which monetises the cost of energy consumption, C02 emissions and pollutant emissions during a vehicle’s operational lifetime.

The operational lifetime cost of the energy consumption of a vehicle is calculated using the following method:

  • fuel consumption per kilometre is calculated in units of energy consumption per kilometre;
  • the calculation uses a single monetary value per unit of energy;
  • the operational lifetime cost of the energy consumption of a vehicle is calculated by multiplying the mileage already performed by energy consumption, and then by the cost per unit of energy.

The cost of CO2 emissions is calculated by multiplying the mileage already performed by CO2 emissions in kilograms per kilometre, and then by the cost per kilogram.

The cost of pollutant emissions is obtained by adding the costs related to emissions of NOx, HCNM and particulate matter.

Best practice exchange

The Commission must encourage exchange of knowledge and best practice between Member States with regard to promoting the purchase of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles.

Context

Greenhouse gas emissions and the pollution due to transport are among the main obstacles to sustainable development, as identified by the Gothenburg European Council of 15 and 16 June 2001. Efforts must be made in this sector in order to achieve targets in terms of energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions set for 2020. The promotion and development of markets for cleaner, smarter, safer and energy-efficient vehicles represents one of the ways to meet these objectives.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 2009/33/EC

4.6.2009

4.12.2010

OJ L 120 of 15.5.2009

RELATED ACTS

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the application of Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy efficient road transport vehicles [ COM(2013) 214 final - Not published in the Official Journal].

In this report, mainly based on case studies, the Commission notes that the implementation of Directive 2009/33/EC has been significantly delayed in a number of Member States, even though, when the report was being drafted, Latvia was the only Member State to have not yet fully transposed the Directive into national law. This delay in implementation and the absence of an obligation to issue notifications for Member States has meant that it has not really been possible to conduct an impact study of the legislation.

In 2014, when the Directive is due to be revised, the Commission will carefully evaluate its added value and will consider streamlining it and simplifying its application.

Last updated: 27.01.2014

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