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Ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for their ballasts

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Ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for their ballasts

The annual electricity consumption of fluorescent lamps without integrated ballasts and high-intensity discharge lamps is extremely high in the European Union (EU). It is predicted to increase to 260 TWh in 2020, according to European Commission estimates. This consumption is at the heart of several environmental issues such as the increase in CO2 emissions. Moreover, the inappropriate outdoor use of these lamps increases both light pollution and the energy consumption of lighting. This Regulation therefore sets ecodesign requirements for these products with a view to reducing their environmental impact.


Commission Regulation (EC) No 245/2009 of 18 March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps, and repealing Directive 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance).


This Regulation lays down the ecodesign rules applicable to certain types of lamps to be used for general lighting, specifically:

  • fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast *;
  • high intensity discharge lamps *;
  • ballasts * and luminaires * able to operate such lamps.

Ecodesign requirements

This Regulation defines ecodesign requirements in three progressive stages (2009, 2012 and 2017), each representing a gradual increase in the targets and/or extending the scope of the requirements to new sub-categories of products. These requirements concern:

  • lamps: they must meet efficacy, performance and information requirements. The different types of lamps must reach a certain luminous efficacy in each wattage category, and meet lamp life and lamp lumen maintenance requirements. Furthermore, manufacturers of lamps are required to provide information concerning, in particular, the wattage, lamp lumen, efficacy, maintenance factor, mercury content, colour rendering index and colour temperature of the lamps.
  • ballasts: they must meet energy performance and information requirements. When the lamps are switched on, the ballasts must comply with minimum efficacy thresholds. In addition, the power consumption of fluorescent lamp ballasts shall not exceed 1.0 W when the connected lamps are switched off. Manufacturers of ballasts are required to provide information on the energy efficiency index of products.
  • luminaires: they must meet energy performance and information requirements. When the lamps are switched on, the power consumption of the luminaires for fluorescent lamps shall not exceed that of the incorporated ballasts. Manufacturers of luminaires are required to provide information on the efficiency of all ballasts and lamps sold with a luminaire, as well as maintenance and disassembly instructions.

Conformity assessment

Manufacturers or their representatives are required to carry out a conformity assessment before placing an energy-using product on the market.

Verification procedures for market surveillance purposes

Member State authorities shall apply market surveillance procedures regarding:

  • lamps: tests are carried out on a sample batch of a minimum of twenty lamps of the same model from the same manufacturer. The average results must not vary from the limit, threshold or declared values by more than 10 %.
  • ballasts and luminaires: tests are carried on one single unit. The results obtained must not exceed the limit values. Otherwise, three more units shall be tested.

Indicative benchmarks

This Regulation establishes indicative benchmarks applicable to the performance of products covered by this Regulation, and to installations using these same products. These benchmarks are established particularly with a view to limiting the light pollution caused by public lighting installations.

This Regulation repeals Directive 2000/55/EC.

Key terms of the Act

  • Fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast: a discharge lamp of the low pressure mercury type in which most of the light is emitted by one or several layers of phosphors excited by the ultraviolet radiation from the discharge, single and double capped without integrated ballast.
  • High intensity discharge lamps: a lamp in which the light is produced, directly or indirectly, by an electric discharge through a gas, a metal vapour or a mixture of several gases and vapours, and in which the light producing arc is stabilised by wall temperature and the arc has a bulb wall loading in excess of 3 watts per square centimetre.
  • Ballast: a device which serves mainly to limit the current of the lamp(s) to the required value.
  • Luminaire: an apparatus which distributes, filters or transforms the light transmitted from one or more light sources and which includes all the parts necessary for supporting, fixing and protecting the light sources and, where necessary, circuit auxiliaries together with the means for connecting them to the supply, but not the light sources themselves.



Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 245/2009



OJ L 76, 24.3.2009

The successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 245/2009 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference only.

Last updated: 06.07.2011