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Reduction of pollutant emissions from light vehicles

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Reduction of pollutant emissions from light vehicles

Light-duty vehicles - cars and vans - are one of the main sources of air pollution and produce some 15 % of the European Union’s (EU) emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). The EU is working to reduce the environmental impact of road transport and to help the transition towards a low-carbon economy.

ACT

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

SUMMARY

Light-duty vehicles - cars and vans - are one of the main sources of air pollution and produce some 15 % of the European Union’s (EU) emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). The EU is working to reduce the environmental impact of road transport and to help the transition towards a low-carbon economy.

WHAT DOES THE REGULATION DO?

It harmonises the technical emission requirements - known as EC type-approval - for motor vehicles and replacement parts so that these are the same across the EU, preventing disruption to the single market. It places specific obligations on manufacturers and provides access to repair and maintenance information.

KEY POINTS

Manufacturers must:

prove that all new vehicles sold, registered or put into service comply with the emission standards set out in the regulation;

provide purchasers with CO2 emissions and fuel consumption figures when the vehicle is bought;

ensure that pollution devices fitted in a vehicle can last 160 000 km and are checked after 5 years or 100 000 km, whichever is the sooner;

provide unrestricted and standardised information on vehicle repair and maintenance to independent operators through websites. They may charge reasonable fees for this service.

Other conditions

National authorities may not refuse to grant EC type-approval if the vehicle satisfies all the conditions in the regulation.

National financial incentives may be given to encourage early use of emission-reducing devices.

Penalties can be applied for infringements of the regulation.

Emission limits are set for different pollutants, such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides, and different vehicle types.

Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 establishes average CO2 emissions performance requirements of 130 g CO2/km for new passenger cars. From 2020, this is reduced to 95 g CO2/km.

In 2014, the European Commission issued a proposal for a regulation which would give it extra powers to take measures to reduce polluting emissions.

WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

From 2 July 2007.

For more information, see the European Commission’s reducing CO2emissions from vehicles webpage.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

2.7.2007

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OJ L 171 of 29.6.2007, pp. 1-16

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 692/2008

31.7.2008

-

OJ L 199 of 28.7.2008, pp. 1-136

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

7.8.2009

-

OJ L 188 of 18.7.2009, pp. 1-13

Regulation (EU) No 566/2011

19.6.2011

-

OJ L 158 of 16.6.2011, pp. 1-24

Regulation (EU) No 459/2012

4.6.2012

-

OJ L 142 of 1.6.2012, pp. 16-24

RELATED ACTS

Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the Community’s integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (Official Journal L 140 of 5.6.2009, pp. 1-15).

Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) (Official Journal L 263 of 9.10.2007, pp. 1-160).

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles (COM(2014) 28 final of 31.1.2014).

Last updated: 23.07.2015

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