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The deployment of intelligent transport systems in Europe

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The deployment of intelligent transport systems in Europe

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITSs) are expected to contribute to creating a cleaner, safer and more efficient transport system across the European Union.

ACT

Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of intelligent transport systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport.

SUMMARY

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITSs) are expected to contribute to creating a cleaner, safer and more efficient transport system across the European Union.

WHAT DOES THIS DIRECTIVE DO?

It seeks to encourage the development of innovative transport technologies to create ITSs. This will be done by introducing common EU standards and specifications. These aim to establish interoperable* and efficient ITS services while leaving EU countries to individually decide which systems to invest in.

KEY POINTS

ITSs cover a wide area of services

The directive applies to ITS applications and services in the EU road transport sector and to the way in which these applications communicate with other modes of transport.

ITSs are systems in which information and communication technologies are applied in the field of road transport, including infrastructure, vehicles and users, and in traffic management and mobility management.

The following have been identified as priority areas for the development and use of specifications and standards:

optimal use of road, traffic and travel data, for example to allow road users plan trips;

continuity of traffic and freight management ITS services (i.e. services that are uninterrupted when trucks cross borders);

ITS road safety and security applications (e.g. alerting to risks of reduced visibility or of people, animals and debris on the road);

linking the vehicle with the transport infrastructure, i.e. equipping vehicles to allow for exchange of data or information.

Within these priority areas, there are six priority actions which focus on:

1.

EU-wide multimodal travel information services (for journeys involving different transport modes, e.g. train and ship);

2.

EU-wide real-time traffic information services;

3.

how to provide road safety-related traffic information free of charge to users;

4.

the harmonised availability of an interoperable EU-wide eCall service;

5.

information services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles;

6.

reservation services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles.

With regard to the deployment of ITS applications and services, EU countries must do what is necessary to ensure that the related specifications adopted by the Commission are applied. Individual EU countries keep the right to decide on the deployment of these applications and services in their own territory.

eCall service to report road traffic accidents

An example of one of the six priority actions is an EU-wide eCall service. Work is ongoing to introduce an eCall service for road traffic accidents across the EU. The main idea is that 112 eCall automatically dials Europe’s single emergency number 112 in the event of a serious road accident and communicates a vehicle’s location to the emergency services. A telephone link is then set up with the appropriate emergency call centre (also known as public safety answering points - PSAPs) and details of the accident are sent to the rescue services, including the time of incident, the accurate position of the crashed vehicle and the direction of travel. EU countries have agreed to deploy the eCall PSAP infrastructure required for the proper receipt and handling of all eCalls in their territory by 1 October 2017 at the very latest.

Work on priority actions ongoing

A report adopted in 2014 on the implementation of the ITS directive notes that three sets of specifications have been adopted (eCall, road safety-related minimum universal traffic information and information services for safe and secure parking places).

Specifications for EU-wide real time traffic information were adopted in December 2014 and work on specifications for EU-wide multimodal travel information services is under way in 2015. For the last priority action - reservation services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles - no further action is planned in the near future.

WHEN DOES THIS DIRECTIVE APPLY?

From 26 August 2010.

BACKGROUND

The volume of road transport is expected to increase in the EU. This is likely to lead to increased congestion on the roads, rising energy consumption and environmental and social problems. Innovations such as ITSs are needed to find solutions to these sorts of problems. They are advanced applications that aim to provide innovative services for various modes of transport and traffic management. They enable users to be better informed about transport conditions and to make safer and better use of transport networks.

For more information, see the intelligent transport systems section on the European Commission’s website.

KEY TERM

* Interoperability: the capacity of systems and the underlying business processes to exchange data and to share information and knowledge.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 2010/40/EU

26.8.2010

27.2.2012

OJ L 207, 6.8.2010, pp. 1-13

Amending acts

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 305/2013

23.4.2013 - except for infrastructures already deployed (23.4.2014)

-

OJ L 91, 3.4.2013, pp. 1-4

Regulation (EU) No 885/2013

1.10.2013 - except for services already deployed (1.10.2015)

-

OJ L 247, 18.9.2013, pp. 1-5

Regulation (EU) No 886/2013

1.10.2013 - except for services already deployed (1.10.2015)

-

OJ L 247, 18.9.2013, pp. 6-10

Regulation (EU) 2015/962

13.7.2017

-

OJ L 157, 23.6.2015, pp. 21-31

RELATED ACTS

Decision No 585/2014/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall service (OJ L 164, 3.6.2014, pp. 6-9).

Regulation (EU) 2015/758 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system based on the 112 service and amending Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, pp. 77-89).

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Implementation of Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of intelligent transport systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport (COM(2014) 642 final of 21.10.2014).

Last updated: 02.04.2015

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