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Deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe

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Deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) can significantly contribute to a cleaner, safer and more efficient transport system. This directive provides a framework for the coordinated implementation of these innovative transport technologies across the European Union (EU). It aims to establish interoperable and efficient ITS services while leaving EU countries to individually decide which systems to invest in.

ACT

Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport.

SUMMARY

This directive is applicable to Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications and services in the European Union (EU) road transport sector and to their interfaces with other modes of transport. ITS are systems in which information and communication technologies are applied in the field of road transport, including infrastructure, vehicles and users, and in traffic management and mobility management.

The following are identified as priority areas for the development and use of specifications and standards:

  • optimal use of road, traffic and travel data;
  • continuity of traffic and freight management ITS services;
  • ITS road safety and security applications;
  • linking the vehicle with the transport infrastructure.

Within these priority areas, there are six priority actions:

  • the provision of EU-wide multimodal travel information services;
  • the provision of EU-wide real-time traffic information services;
  • data and procedures for the provision, where possible, of road safety related minimum universal traffic information free of charge to users;
  • the harmonised provision for an interoperable EU eCall;
  • the provision of information services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles;
  • the provision of reservation services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles.

On deployment of ITS applications and services, EU countries must take the necessary action to ensure that the specifications adopted by the Commission are applied. Individual EU countries do, however, retain the right to decide on deployment of such applications and services on their own territory.

The Commission is responsible for first adopting the necessary specifications to ensure the compatibility, interoperability and continuity for the deployment and operational use of ITS for the above priority actions. Following this, the Commission shall then adopt specifications for the deployment and operational use of ITS for other actions in the priority areas. The specifications will, where appropriate, include the conditions under which EU countries may establish additional rules for the provision of ITS services on all or part of their territory, provided that these rules do not impede interoperability of the services. In addition to the specifications, the Commission may adopt guidelines and other non-binding measures to facilitate the cooperation of EU countries regarding the priority areas.

Rules on privacy, security and re-use of information

EU countries must ensure that the processing of personal data in the context of the operation of ITS applications and services is undertaken in accordance with EU rules on fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals, and that the provisions on consent are adhered to. In particular, personal data must be protected against misuse, including unlawful access, alteration or loss. To this end, personal data should only be processed where necessary and, where appropriate, the use of anonymous data should be encouraged for the performance of the ITS applications and services.

Delegated acts

With regards to specifications, the Commission may also adopt separate delegated acts for each of the priority actions. The European Parliament and the Council have the right to either revoke this delegation of powers, or object to a delegated act. If there is an objection to a delegated act, the act will not enter into force.

In this context, in 2012 the Commission adopted a regulation with regard to the harmonised provision for an interoperable EU-wide eCall.

In 2013, the Commission adopted two regulations:

  • one on the provision of information services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles.
  • a second with regard to data and procedures for the provision, where possible, of road safety-related minimum universal traffic information free of charge to users.

Proposals on deployment

Having conducted an impact assessment including a cost-benefit analysis, in June 2013, the Commission adopted a proposal on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall in the Public Safety Answering Points, in accordance with the specifications laid down by Delegated Regulation (EU) No 305/2013.

European ITS Advisory Group

The Commission has set up a European ITS Advisory Group to provide advice on business and technical aspects of the deployment and use of ITS in the EU. It is composed of high level representatives from relevant ITS service providers, associations of users, transport and facilities operators, manufacturing industry, social partners, professional associations, local authorities and other relevant fora.

Reporting

Member States have to report on a regular basis to the Commission on their national ITS actions and projects.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 2010/40/EU

26.8.2010

27.2.2012

OJ L 207 of 6.8.2010

Amending acts

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 305/2013

-

-

OJ L91 of 3.4.2013

Regulation (EU) No 885/2013

-

-

OJ L 247 of 18.9.2013

Regulation (EU) No 886/2013

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-

OJ L 247 of 18.9.2013

RELATED ACTS

Proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall (COM(2013) 315 final of 13.6.2013)

Last updated: 07.04.2014

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