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Inland transport of dangerous goods

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Inland transport of dangerous goods

SUMMARY OF:

Directive 2008/68/EC on the inland transport of dangerous goods

SUMMARY

WHAT DOES THE DIRECTIVE DO?

It lays down common rules for the safe and secure transport of dangerous goods within and between EU countries by road, rail or inland waterway. It also covers aspects such as loading and unloading, the transfer to and from another mode of transport, as well as the stops in the course of the transport process. It extends the application of international rules to national transport of dangerous goods.

KEY POINTS

Exclusions

The directive does not apply to the transport of dangerous goods:

by vehicles, wagons or vessels belonging to or under the responsibility of the armed forces;

by seagoing vessels on maritime waterways forming part of inland waterways;

by ferries only crossing an inland waterway or harbour;

wholly performed within the perimeter of an enclosed area.

National rules

For reasons other than safety during transport (e.g. environmental protection or national security), EU countries are entitled to regulate or exclude the transport of dangerous goods within their own territory. They may also set down specific safety requirements for the national and international transport of dangerous goods within their own territory with regard to:

the transport of dangerous goods by vehicles, wagons or inland waterway vessels not covered by this directive;

the use of prescribed routes, where justified, including the use of prescribed modes of transport;

special rules for the transport of dangerous goods in passenger trains.

International agreements

The international transport of dangerous goods is regulated by the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)*, the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN)* and the Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID)*. These international rules must be extended to national transport in order to harmonise across the EU the conditions under which dangerous goods are transported and to ensure the proper functioning of the EU’s common transport market. The texts of these agreements are referred to in the Directive's annexes.

The ADR, RID and ADN have drawn up a list of dangerous goods, indicating whether their transport is prohibited or not and defining the requirements for their transport if it is authorised. EU countries may request temporary derogations under certain conditions.

WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

From 20 October 2008.

KEY TERMS

* ADR: the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, concluded at Geneva on 30 September 1957.

* ADN: the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways concluded at Geneva on 26 May 2000.

* RID: the Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail, appearing as Appendix C to the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) concluded at Vilnius on 3 June 1999.

BACKGROUND

Road Safety webpage

ACT

Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 2008/68/EC

20.10.2008

30.6.2009

OJ L 260, 30.9.2008, pp. 13-59

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 2008/68/EC have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference only.

last update 07.10.2015

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