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Emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules

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Emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules

This Regulation contributes to meeting European objectives to combat polluting emissions and on air quality. It establishes rules on technical requirements for the type-approval of heavy duty vehicles and their engines with respect to emissions, and supplements existing legislation on the Community type-approval of motor vehicles.

ACT

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (Text with EEA relevance).

SUMMARY

This Regulation defines the legal framework for type-approval of motor vehicles, engines and replacement parts for heavy duty vehicles with respect to their emission performance. It also establishes rules on:

  • in-service conformity of vehicles and engines;
  • durability of pollution control devices;
  • on-board diagnostic (OBD) systems
  • accessibility of vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information;
  • measurement of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

This Regulation applies to motor vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg and to all motor vehicles of categories M3 and N3 as defined in Annex II of Directive 2007/46/EC.

Obligations of the manufacturers

Manufacturers must be able to demonstrate that all new vehicles, engines or spare parts sold, registered or put into service within the Community have been EC type-approved in accordance with this Regulation.

Manufacturers must also implement technical measures to guarantee effective limitation of tailpipe emissions throughout the normal life of the vehicles under normal conditions of use.

Requirements and tests

Manufacturers must equip their vehicles or engines with components that ensure compliance with the emission limits laid down in Annex I of this Regulation under conditions specified by the European Commission in this Regulation and in the implementing acts.

Access to information

Vehicle manufacturers must guarantee independent operators access to information on on-board diagnostic (OBD) systems, and on diagnostic equipment, tools or software. In addition, manufacturers shall provide a standardised, secure and remote facility to enable independent repairers to complete operations which involve access to the vehicle security system.

The information should be made available on the websites of manufacturers, or, if this is not feasible, in another appropriate format.

Timetable

National authorities shall no longer grant Community or national type-approval for vehicles that do not comply with this Regulation as from 31 December 2012. They are also to prohibit the registration of new vehicles that do not comply with this Regulation as from 31 December 2013.

Financial incentives

Member States may grant financial incentives for the purchase of motor vehicles produced in series which comply with this Regulation until 31 December 2013. Retrofitting measures may also be considered either to adapt in-use motor vehicles or for scrapping.

The amount of the financial incentives shall be equal to the additional cost of the technical measures introduced to ensure compliance of the vehicle with emission limits.

This Regulation repealed Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC with effect from 31 December 2013.

Context

The Sixth Community Environment Action Programme highlights the need to reduce air pollution. This Regulation contributes to the Union's objectives in terms of air quality by establishing a system which constrains the automobile industry to limit the vehicle emissions that it produces.

REFERENCE

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

7.8.2009

-

OJ L 188 of 18.7.2009

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 582/2011

15.7.2011

-

Official Journal L 167 of 25.6.2011)

Regulation (EU) No 133/2014

10.3.2014

-

Official Journal L 47 of 18.2.2014

RELATED ACTS

Commission Regulation (EU) No 136/2014 amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 as regards emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 as regards emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) [Official Journal L 43 of 13.2.2014].

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles. [COM(2014) 28 final of 31.1.2014 - not published in the Official Journal].

In the context of the EU's air quality and the Better Regulation Agenda, this proposal introduces a number of amendments that, among other things, seek to simplify the system of type approvals for manufacturers and introduce new NO2 emission limits.

Last updated: 29.04.2014

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