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Summaries of EU Legislation

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The EU’s infrastructure for spatial information (Inspire)

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The EU’s infrastructure for spatial information (Inspire)

SUMMARY OF:

Directive 2007/2/EC establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the European Community (Inspire)

SUMMARY

WHAT DOES THE DIRECTIVE DO?

  • It lays down general rules setting up an infrastructure for spatial information* in Europe for the purposes of EU environmental policies and for policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment.
  • The European infrastructure builds on that of spatial information that is established and operated by EU countries.

KEY POINTS

  • The legislation applies to spatial data that:
    • cover areas where EU countries have jurisdictional rights;
    • exist in electronic format;
    • are held by, or on behalf of, a public authority or another body using the network;
    • relate to environmental information.
  • EU countries are responsible for ensuring that metadata* are created for the various environmental spatial data* sets and services listed in the legislation. Depending on the subject, these must be established within 2 or 5 years of the rules coming into force.
  • The European Commission, assisted by a committee, adopts the technical arrangements to ensure spatial data sets and services can work together and harmonises them where this can be put into practice.
  • These implementing rules were to be adopted no later than 15 May 2009 or 15 May 2012, depending on the subject.
  • EU countries must establish and operate a network with the following services:
    • Discovery: to search for spatial data sets and services.
    • View: to display, navigate, zoom in and out, pan or overlay viewable spatial data sets.
    • Download: where this can be put into practice, to access directly and download copies of spatial data sets.
    • Transformation: to transform spatial data sets to achieve interoperability.
  • Public authorities must be able to link their spatial data sets and services to the national network.
  • EU countries may limit public access to spatial data sets and services for various reasons, such as legal confidentiality, public security, intellectual property rights or protection of the environment.
  • The Commission operates an EU Inspire geoportal. This gives access to the national networks.
  • The legislation does not require the collection of new spatial data.

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

It has applied since 15 May 2007. EU countries had to incorporate it into national law by 14 May 2009.

BACKGROUND

See the Inspire Directive on the European Commission’s website.

KEY TERMS

* Infrastructure for spatial information: covers metadata, spatial data sets and spatial data services; network services and technologies; agreements on sharing, access and use; and coordination and monitoring mechanisms, processes and procedures.

* Metadata: information describing spatial data sets and spatial data services, making it possible to discover, inventory and use them.

* Spatial data: any data with direct or indirect reference to a specific location or geographical area, such as addresses, transport networks, elevation and land use.

ACT

Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (Inspire) (OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, pp. 1-14)

RELATED ACTS

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards metadata (OJ L 326, 4.12.2008, pp. 12-30). Successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Commission Decision 2009/442/EC of 5 June 2009 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards monitoring and reporting (OJ L 148, 11.6.2009, pp. 18-26). See consolidated version

Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, pp. 19-40)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 of 19 October 2009 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the Network Services (OJ L 274, 20.10.2009, pp. 9-18). See consolidated version.

Commission Regulation (EU) No 268/2010 of 29 March 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the access to spatial data sets and services of the Member States by Community institutions and bodies under harmonised conditions (OJ L 83, 30.3.2010, pp. 8-9)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (OJ L 323, 8.12.2010, pp. 11-102). See consolidated version.

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1088/2010 of 23 November 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 as regards download services and transformation services (OJ L 323, 8.12.2010, pp. 1-10)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 102/2011 of 4 February 2011 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (OJ L 31, 5.2.2011, pp. 13-34)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (OJ L 331, 10.12.2013, pp. 1-267)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1311/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 976/2009 as regards the definition of an Inspire metadata element (OJ L 354, 11.12.2014, pp. 6-7)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1312/2014 of 10 December 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data services (OJ L 354, 11.12.2014, pp. 8-16)

Directive 2012/18/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC (OJ L 197, 24.7.2012, pp. 1-37)

Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport (OJ L 207, 6.8.2010, pp. 1-13)

Regulation (EU) No 377/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 establishing the Copernicus Programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 911/2010 (OJ L 122, 24.4.2014, pp. 44-66)

Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning (OJ L 257, 28.8.2014, pp. 135-145)

last update 25.02.2016

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