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Good-quality water in Europe (EU Water Directive)

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Good-quality water in Europe (EU Water Directive)

In the European Union (EU), water is coming under increasing pressure from the continuous growth in demand for sufficient quantities of good-quality water for a whole range of uses. This directive seeks to protect and improve the quality of water.

ACT

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy

SUMMARY

In the European Union (EU), water is coming under increasing pressure from the continuous growth in demand for sufficient quantities of good-quality water for a whole range of uses. This directive seeks to protect and improve the quality of water.

WHAT DOES THE DIRECTIVE DO?

It establishes rules to halt deterioration in the status of EU water bodies and achieve ‘good status’ for Europe's rivers, lakes and groundwater by 2015.

Specifically, this includes:

protecting all forms of water (inland*, surface*, transitional*, coastal and ground*);

restoring the ecosystems in and around these bodies of water;

reducing pollution in water bodies;

guaranteeing sustainable water usage by individuals and businesses.

KEY POINTS

The legislation places clear responsibilities on national authorities. They have to:

identify the individual river basins on their territory - that is, the surrounding land areas that drain into particular river systems;

designate authorities to manage these basins in line with the EU rules;

analyse the features of each river basin, including the impact of human activity and an economic assessment of water use;

monitor the status of the water in each basin;

register protected areas, such as those used for drinking water, which require special attention;

produce and implement ‘river-basin management plans’ to prevent deterioration of surface water, protect and enhance groundwater and preserve protected areas;

ensure the cost of water services is recovered so that the resources are used efficiently and polluters pay;

provide public information and consultation on their river-basin management plans.

WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

From 22 October 2000.

KEY TERMS

* surface water - all inland water except groundwater, transitional or coastal waters.

* groundwater - all water below ground surface.

* inland water - all standing or flowing water on the land's surface.

* transitional waters - waters near river mouths, which are partly saline but contain substantial flows of freshwater.

Water Directive - details.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 2000/60/EC

22.12.2000

22.12.2003

OJ L 327 of 22.12.2000, pp. 1-73

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Decision 2455/2001/EC

16.12.2001

-

OJ L 331 of 15.12.2001, pp. 1-5

Directive 2008/32/EC

21.3.2008

-

OJ L 81 of 20.3.2008, pp. 60-61

Directive 2009/31/EC

25.6.2009

25.6.2011

OJ L 140 of 5.6.2009, pp. 114-135

Directive 2013/39/EU

13.9.2013

14.11.2015

OJ L 226 of 24.8.2013, pp. 1-17

Directive 2013/64/EU

1.1.2014

Varies depending on the articles

OJ L 353 of 28.12.2013, pp. 8-12

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 2000/60/EC have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED ACTS

Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration (OJ L 372, 27.12.2006, pp. 19-31).

Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks (OJ L 288, 6.11.2007, pp. 27-34).

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A blueprint to safeguard Europe's water resources (COM(2012) 673 final of 14.11.2012).

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council - The Water Framework Directive and the Floods Directive: actions towards the ‘good status’ of EU water and to reduce flood risks (COM(2015) 120 final of 9.3.2015).

Last updated: 30.07.2015

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