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Framework for creation of the Single European Sky (SES)

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Framework for creation of the Single European Sky (SES)

The Single European Sky means a package of measures to meet future capacity and air safety needs. It applies to both the civil and military sectors and covers the regulatory, economic, safety, environmental, technological and institutional aspects of aviation. The objective is to put an end to a way of organising air traffic management which has not changed since the 1960s and is one of the main reasons for the congestion of air traffic today.

ACT

Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the framework for the creation of the Single European Sky (Framework Regulation) — Statement by the Member States on military issues related to the Single European Sky [See amending act(s)].

SUMMARY

This regulation forms part of a package of legislation on air traffic management designed to create a single European sky by 31 December 2004. The objective of the single European sky is to ensure an optimum use of European airspace to meet the requirements of all airspace users.

The Single European Sky package consists of this framework regulation plus three technical regulations on the provision of air navigation services , organisation and use of the airspace and the interoperability of the European air traffic management network. These regulations are designed, in particular, to improve and reinforce safety and to restructure the airspace on the basis of traffic instead of national frontiers.

The objective of this regulation is to enhance current safety standards and overall efficiency for general air traffic in Europe, to optimise capacity meeting the requirements of all airspace users and to minimise delays.

National supervisory authorities

EU countries must, jointly or individually, nominate or establish one or more bodies as their national supervisory authorities to perform the tasks assigned to such authorities. These authorities must be independent of air navigation service providers.

Single Sky Committee

A Single Sky Committee is established on the entry into force of this regulation to assist the Commission with management of the Single European Sky and make sure that due account is taken of the interests of all categories of users. It consists of two representatives of each EU country and is chaired by a representative of the Commission.

Military issues

The EU countries adopted a general statement on military issues related to the Single European Sky. According to this, they will enhance civil/military cooperation to the extent deemed necessary by all EU countries concerned.

Industry consultation body

The industry consultation body advises the Commission on the implementation of the Single European Sky.

It is made up of representatives of air navigation service providers, associations of airspace users, airport operators, the aviation manufacturing industry and professional staff representative bodies.

Implementing rules

Eurocontrol is involved in the development of implementing rules which fall within its remit, on the basis of mandates agreed by the Single Sky Committee.

Performance review

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 390/2013 lays down a performance scheme whose aim is to improve the performance of air navigation services and network functions in the single European sky. It consists of:

  • European-wide performance targets in the key areas of safety, environment, capacity and cost-efficiency;
  • national plans including performance targets to ensure consistency with the European-wide performance targets;
  • periodic review and monitoring of the performance of air navigation services and network functions.

Safeguards

Lastly, this regulation does not prevent EU countries from applying measures needed to safeguard essential security or defence policy interests.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 549/2004

20.4.2004

-

OJ L 96 of 31.3.2004

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009

4.12.2009

-

OJ L 300 of 14.11.2009

RELATED ACTS

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 390/2013 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation services and network functions. [Official Journal L 128 of 9.5.2013].

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 391/2013 laying down a common charging scheme for air navigation services. [Official Journal L 128 of 9.5.2013].

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 409/2013 on the definition of common projects, the establishment of governance and the identification of incentives supporting the implementation of the European Air Traffic Management Master Plan. [Official Journal L 123 of 4.5.2013].

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1216/2011 amending Commission Regulation (EU) No 691/2010 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation services and network functions [Official Journal L 310 of 25.11.2011].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 677/2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of air traffic management (ATM) network functions and amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2010 [Official Journal L 185 of 15.7.2011].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 283/2011 amending Regulation (EC) No 633/2007 as regards the transitional arrangements referred to in Article 7 [Official Journal L 77 of 23.3.2011].

Commission Decision 2011/121/EU setting the European Union-wide performance targets and alert thresholds for the provision of air navigation services for the years 2012 to 2014 [Official Journal L 48 of 23.2.2011].

Communication from the Commission of 24 January 2011: Report on the intermediate evaluation of the SESAR Joint Undertaking and its progress on the execution of the European Air Traffic Management Master plan [COM(2011) 14 final - not published in the Official Journal].

Communication from the Commission of 14 November 2011: Report on the implementation of the Single Sky Legislation: time to deliver [COM(2011) 731 final - not published in the Official Journal].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1191/2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1794/2006 laying down a common charging scheme for air navigation services [Official Journal L 333 of 17.12.2010].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 929/2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1033/2006 as regards the ICAO provisions referred to in Article 3(1) [Official Journal L 273, 19.10.2010].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 691/2010 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation services and network functions and amending Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 laying down common requirements for the provision of air navigation services [Official Journal L 201of 3.8.2010].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 255/2010 laying down common rules on air traffic flow management [Official Journal L 80 of 26.3.2010].

Commission Regulation (EU) No 73/2010 laying down requirements on the quality of aeronautical data and aeronautical information for the single European sky [Official Journal L 23 of 27.1.2010].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 262/2009 laying down requirements for the coordinated allocation and use of Mode S interrogator codes for the single European sky [Official Journal L 84 of 31.3.2009].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 30/2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 1032/2006 as far as the requirements for automatic systems for the exchange of flight data supporting data link services are concerned [Official Journal L 13 of 17.1.2009]

Commission Regulation (EC)No 29/2009 laying down requirements on data link services for the single European sky [Official Journal L 13 of 17.1.2009].

Council Regulation (EC) No 1361/2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 219/2007 on the establishment of a joint undertaking to develop the new generation European air traffic management system (SESAR) [Official Journal L 352 of 31.12.2008].

Communication from the Commission of 20 December 2007: First Report on the implementation of the Single Sky Legislation: achievements and the way forward [COM(2007) 845 final - not published in the Official Journal].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1315/2007 on safety oversight in air traffic management and amending Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 [Official Journal L 291 of 9.11.2007].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 633/2007 laying down requirements for the application of a flight message transfer protocol used for the purpose of notification, coordination and transfer of flights between air traffic control units [Official Journal L 146 of 8.6.2007].

Council Regulation (EC) No 219/2007 on the establishment of a Joint Undertaking to develop the new generation European air traffic management system (SESAR) [Official Journal L 64 of 2.3.2007].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1794/2006 laying down a common charging scheme for air navigation services [Official Journal L 341 of 7.12.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1032/2006 laying down requirements for automatic systems for the exchange of flight data for the purpose of notification, coordination and transfer of flights between air traffic control units [Official Journal L 186 of 7.7.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1033/2006 laying down the requirements on procedures for flight plans in the pre-flight phase for the single European sky [Official Journal L 186 of 7.7.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 730/2006 on airspace classification and access of flights operated under visual flight rules above flight level 195 [Official Journal L128 of 16.5.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2150/2005 laying down common rules for the flexible use of airspace [Official Journal L 342 of 24.12.2005].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 laying down common requirements for the provision of air navigation services [Official Journal L 335 of 21.12.2005].

Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the provision of air navigation services in the single European sky (the service provision Regulation) [Official Journal L 96 of 31.03.2004].

Regulation (EC) No 551/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the organisation and use of the airspace in the single European sky [Official Journal L 96 of 31.03.2004].

Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network (interoperability Regulation) [Official Journal L 96 of 31.03.2004].

Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament of 1 December 1999: The creation of the single European sky [COM(1999) 614 final - not published in the Official Journal].

PROPOSALS

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the implementation of the Single European Sky (recast). [COM(2013) 410 final of 11.6.2013 - not published in the Official Journal].

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 in the field of aerodromes, air traffic management and air navigation services.[COM(2013) 409 final of 11.6.2013 - not published in the Official Journal].

Last updated: 09.02.2014

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