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Motor vehicles with trailers: permissible sound level

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Motor vehicles with trailers: permissible sound level

The aim of this directive is to implement European Union regulations relating to vehicle noise based on complete harmonisation.

ACT

Council Directive 70/157/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the permissible sound level and the exhaust system of motor vehicles [Official Journal L 42 of 23.02.1970].

SUMMARY

The Directives apply to any motor vehicle intended for use on the road, with or without bodywork, having at least four wheels and a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h, with the exception of vehicles that run on rails, agricultural and forestry tractors and all mobile machinery.

The Directives lay down limits for the noise level of the mechanical parts and exhaust systems of the vehicles concerned. The limits range from 74 dB(A) for motor cars to 80 dB(A) for high-powered goods vehicles.

Permissible values are drawn up for specific categories of vehicles:

  • cars;
  • public transport vehicles;
  • goods vehicles.

Member States are required to publish noise level values for type-approval by 1 October 1994.

Hence Member States may not, for reasons relating to the permissible sound level and exhaust system:

  • refuse or prohibit the sale, registration, placing on the market or use of vehicles which comply with the provisions of the Directive;
  • prohibit the placing on the market of an exhaust system or technical unit if they correspond to a type in respect of which type-approval has been granted.

Tax incentives granted by Member States to encourage new limits to be met in advance may be authorised if they are:

  • non-discriminatory;
  • for a limited period;
  • of an amount which is significantly lower than the cost of the equipment fitted;
  • applied to vehicles fitted with equipment which enables future European standards to be met in advance.

Type-approval procedure for each type of vehicle, exhaust system and technical unit (silencer and replacement exhaust system):

  • the application for EEC type-approval shall be submitted by the manufacturer or his authorized representative;
  • it shall contain the information required by the existing Directives;
  • different type-approval tests shall be provided for;
  • where the type of vehicle, exhaust system or technical unit meets the test requirements, an EEC type-approval certificate shall be issued by the competent authority of the Member State in question.

This Directive has been repealed by Regulation (EU) No 540/2014 with effect from 30.6.2027.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 70/157/EEC

10.2.1970

10.8.1971 - 1.7.1973

OJ L 42 of 23.2.1970

Amending acts

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 73/350/EEC

16.11.1973

-

OJ L 321 of 22.11.1973

Directive 77/212/EEC

10.3.1977

31.3.1977

OJ L 66 of 12.3.1977

Directive 81/334/EEC

28.4.1981

31.12.1981

OJ L 131 of 18.5.1981

Directive 84/372/EEC

5.7.1984

30.9.1984

OJ L 196 of 26.7.1984

Directive 84/424/EEC

4.9.1984

31.12.1984

OJ L 238 of 6.9.1984

Directive 87/354/EEC

29.6.1987

31.12.1987

OJ L 192 of 11.7.1987

Directive 89/491/EEC

25.7.1989

1.1.1990

OJ L 238 of 15.8.1989

Directive 92/97/EEC

16.11.1992

30.6.1993

OJ L 371 of 19.12.1992

Directive 96/20/EEC

3.5.1996

30.9.1996

OJ L 92 of 13.4.1996

Directive 99/101/EC

17.1.2000

31.3.2000

OJ L 334 of 28.12.1999

Directive2007/34/EC

5.7.2007

5.7.2007

OJ L 155 of 15.6.2007

Directive 2013/15/EU

1.7.2013

1.7.2013

OJ L 158 of 10.06.2013.

RELATED ACT

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems, and amending Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directive 70/157/EEC [Official Journal L 158 of 27.5.2014].

Last updated: 02.07.2014

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