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Ensuring hygiene for food of animal origin

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Ensuring hygiene for food of animal origin

Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 lays down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin for food business operators. It is a key part of the European Union's 2004 hygiene package on food hygiene legislation.

ACT

Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin.

SUMMARY

This regulation aims to ensure a high level of food safety and public health. It complements Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs, whose rules mainly cover the approval of operators in the sector.

The regulation’s rules apply to unprocessed and processed products of animal origin. They generally do not apply to food that contains both products of plant origin and processed products of animal origin.

European Union (EU) countries must register and, where necessary, approve establishments handling products of animal origin.

Sectoral approach

The regulation’s rules for food of animal origin cover these main sectors: meat, shellfish, fish, and milk. In line with traditional production methods, the regulation enables national food authorities to grant special conditions for hygiene rules in each sector.

In the meat sector, these rules cover for example slaughterhouses, cutting and boning, health marking, as well as storage, transport and maturation. For wild game meat, hunters must be trained in health and hygiene.

The rules for shellfish and fishery products cover everything from production and harvesting to equipment, facilities, processing and transport.

Meat

This sector includes domestic ungulates (bovine, porcine, ovine and caprine species); poultry and lagomorphs (farmed birds/rabbits, hares and rodents); farmed game; wild game; minced meat, meat preparations and mechanically separated/recovered meat (MSM); and meat products.

The other sectors are:

  • Live bivalve molluscs
  • Fishery products
  • Raw milk and milk products
  • Eggs and egg products
  • Frogs’ legs and snails
  • Rendered animal fats and greaves
  • Treated stomachs, bladders and intestines
  • Gelatine
  • Collagen

In May 2013, the European Commission adopted proposals for a package of measures to further improve health and safety in the agri-food chain.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 853/2004

20.5.2004

-

OJ L 139 of 30.4.2004

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

-

OJ L 87 of 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference purposes only.

RELATED ACTS

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down implementing measures for certain products under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and for the organisation of official controls under Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, derogating from Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) 854/2004 (OJ L 338, 22.12.2005).

Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs (OJ L 139, 30.4.2004).

Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific rules for the organisation of official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption (OJ L 139, 30.04.2004).

Directive 2004/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 repealing certain Directives concerning food hygiene and health conditions for the production and placing on the market of certain products of animal origin intended for human consumption and amending Council Directives 89/662/EEC and 92/118/EEC and Council Decision 95/408/EC (OJ L 157, 30.4.2004).

Last updated: 18.05.2014

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