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Fight against illegal logging

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Fight against illegal logging

Illegal logging and deforestation contribute to climate change and the loss of biodiversity. This Regulation forbids the placing on the European market of illegally harvested timber, sets out pre-conditions for the marketing of timber and timber products in the European Union (EU) and defines the requirements applying to monitoring organisations.

ACT

Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market.

SUMMARY

Illegal logging covers any form of harvesting, processing or marketing of timber in violation of the legislation of the country of harvest. Due to the deforestation and damage that they cause, such practices have serious repercussions on the environment, such as loss of biodiversity and an increase in CO2 emissions. Illegal logging also has economic and social repercussions.

Products covered by the regulation: timber and timber products

This Regulation applies not only to imported timber, but also to timber harvested within the European Union. It covers a wide range of timber products, listed in the Annex in accordance with the nomenclature of the Community Customs Code.

Timber and timber products accompanied by a FLEGT license (a licensing scheme established by regulation (EC) no 2173/2005) or a CITES permit (the licensing scheme established by regulation (EC) no 338/97) are, however, considered to meet the requirements of the regulation.

Obligations for operators

This Regulation establishes three principal obligations:

  • the prohibition on placing illegally harvested timber and timber products on the EU market;
  • the obligation for EU operators placing timber and timber products on the EU market to use a system of due diligence. The system of due diligence is a risk management system which aims to minimise the risk of illegal timber being present in the supply chain. Operators must be able to provide specific information on the timber and timber products placed on the market and to conduct a risk analysis;
  • the obligation for traders buying or selling timber or timber products already on the market to identify their suppliers and clients in order to ensure minimal traceability of the timber.

Due diligence systems and monitoring organisation

This Regulation offers operators the option of using the due diligence systems put in place by the monitoring organisations. These are organisations with the necessary expertise and analysis capacity to help their members comply with the rules.

In order to be recognised by the Commission as a monitoring organisation, the applicant must demonstrate that it possesses not only the appropriate expertise and a due diligence system with the procedures necessary to its proper application, but also a strategy which aims to avoid conflicts of interest.

Application

The date of application for this Regulation is 3 March 2013. The regulation is binding in all EU countries.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 995/2010

2.12.2010

-

OJ L 295, 12.11.2010

RELATED ACTS

Council Regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 of 20 December 2005 on the establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European Community.

Commission delegated regulation (EU) No 363/2012 of 23 February 2012 on the procedural rules for the recognition and withdrawal of recognition of monitoring organisations as provided for in Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market.

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 607/2012 of 6 July 2012 on the detailed rules concerning the due diligence system and the frequency and nature of the checks on monitoring organisations as provided for in Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market. Text with EEA relevance.

Last updated: 17.01.2014

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