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Commission Directive (EU) 2015/1480 of 28 August 2015 amending several annexes to Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the rules concerning reference methods, data validation and location of sampling points for the assessment of ambient air quality (Text with EEA relevance)

OJ L 226, 29.8.2015, p. 4–11 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

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29.8.2015   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 226/4


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE (EU) 2015/1480

of 28 August 2015

amending several annexes to Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the rules concerning reference methods, data validation and location of sampling points for the assessment of ambient air quality

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air (1), and in particular Article 4(15) thereof,

Having regard to Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe (2), and in particular Article 28(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In accordance with Article 4(15) of Directive 2004/107/EC, as amended by Regulation (EC) No 219/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3), the Commission is empowered to amend certain provisions of Annexes IV and V.

(2)

Annex IV to Directive 2004/107/EC, lays down data quality objectives that need to be updated in order to achieve better clarity.

(3)

Annex V to Directive 2004/107/EC lays down the reference methods for assessment of concentrations, and such methods should be updated in order to reflect the development of the relevant standards.

(4)

In accordance with Article 28(1) of Directive 2008/50/EC the Commission is empowered to amend certain provisions of Annexes I, III, VI and IX.

(5)

Section C of Annex I to Directive 2008/50/EC lays down criteria for the quality assurance for ambient air quality assessment, which need to be clarified and complemented taking into account the quality assurance programmes organised by the Commission's Joint Research Centre and introducing the obligation of reviewing the quality control system in order to ensure the continued accuracy of monitoring devices.

(6)

Sections C and D of Annex III to Directive 2008/50/EC lay down criteria for the siting of sampling points, which need to be clarified and complemented in the light of the experience gained in implementing the Directive.

(7)

Section A of Annex VI to Directive 2008/50/EC lays down the reference method for the measurement of certain pollutants, which need to be adapted having regard to the experience gained in implementing the Directive and taking into account the most recent standards for the sampling and measurement of particulate matter.

(8)

In accordance with the Joint Political Declaration of Member States and the Commission of 28 September 2011 on explanatory documents (4), Member States have undertaken to accompany, in justified cases, the notification of their transposition measures with one or more documents explaining the relationship between the components of a directive and the corresponding parts of national transposition instruments.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Ambient Air Quality Committee,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

Annexes IV and V to Directive 2004/107/EC are amended in accordance with Annex I to this Directive.

Article 2

Annexes I, III, VI and IX to Directive 2008/50/EC are amended in accordance with Annex II to this Directive.

Article 3

The provisions of this Directive should be read in conjunction with those of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5), in particular as regards the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies, and do not introduce any derogation or exception to the above Regulation.

Article 4

1.   Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 31 December 2016 at the latest. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 5

This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 6

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 28 August 2015.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 23, 26.1.2005, p. 3.

(2)  OJ L 152, 11.6.2008, p. 1.

(3)  Regulation (EC) No 219/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 adapting a number of instruments subject to the procedure referred to in Article 251 of the Treaty to Council Decision 1999/468/EC with regard to the regulatory procedure with scrutiny — Adaptation to the regulatory procedure with scrutiny — Part Two (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 109).

(4)  OJ C 369, 17.12.2011, p. 14.

(5)  Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 339/93 (OJ L 218, 13.8.2008, p. 30).


ANNEX I

Directive 2004/107/EC is amended as follows:

(1)

Section I of Annex IV is amended as follows:

(a)

the table is replaced by the following:

 

‘Benzo(a)pyrene

Arsenic, cadmium and nickel

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons other than benzo(a)pyrene, total gaseous mercury

Total deposition

Uncertainty

 

 

 

 

Fixed and indicative measurements

50 %

40 %

50 %

70 %

Modelling

60 %

60 %

60 %

60 %

Minimum data capture

90 %

90 %

90 %

90 %

Minimum time coverage

 

 

 

 

Fixed measurements (1)

33 %

50 %

 

 

Indicative measurements (1)  (2)

14 %

14 %

14 %

33 %

(b)

in the third paragraph, the following sentence is deleted:

‘Twenty-four hour sampling is also advisable for the measurement of arsenic, cadmium and nickel concentrations.’

(c)

after the third paragraph the following text is inserted:

‘The provisions on individual samples in the previous paragraph apply also to arsenic, cadmium, nickel and total gaseous mercury. Moreover, sub–sampling of PM10 filters for metals for subsequent analysis is allowed, providing there is evidence that the sub-sample is representative of the whole and that the detection sensitivity is not compromised when compared with the relevant data quality objectives. As an alternative to daily sampling, weekly sampling for metals in PM10 is allowed provided that the collection characteristics are not compromised.’

(2)

Sections I to IV of Annex V are replaced by the following:

‘I.   Reference method for the sampling and analysis of arsenic, cadmium and nickel in ambient air

The reference method for the sampling of arsenic, cadmium and nickel in ambient air is described in EN 12341:2014. The reference method for the measurement of arsenic, cadmium and nickel in ambient air is that described in EN 14902:2005 “Ambient air quality — Standard method for the measurement of Pb, Cd, As and Ni in the PM10 fraction of suspended particulate matter”.

A Member State may also use any other methods which it can demonstrate give results equivalent to the above method.

II.   Reference method for the sampling and analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air

The reference method for the sampling of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air is described in EN 12341:2014. The reference method for the measurement of benzo(a)pyrene in ambient air is that described in EN 15549:2008 “Air quality — Standard method for the measurement of concentration of benzo[a]pyrene in ambient air”. In the absence of a CEN standard method for the other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons referred to in Article 4(8), Member States are allowed to use national standards methods or ISO methods such as ISO standard 12884.

A Member State may also use any other method which it can demonstrate give results equivalent to the above method.

III.   Reference method for the sampling and analysis of mercury in ambient air

The reference method for the measurement of total gaseous mercury concentrations in ambient air is that described in EN 15852:2010 “Ambient air quality — Standard method for the determination of total gaseous mercury”.

A Member State may also use any other method which it can demonstrate give results equivalent to the above method.

IV.   Reference method for the sampling and analysis of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

The reference method for the determination of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, and nickel is that described in EN 15841:2009 “Ambient air quality — Standard method for determination of arsenic, cadmium, lead and nickel in atmospheric deposition”.

The reference method for the determination of the deposition of mercury is that described in EN 15853:2010 “Ambient air quality — Standard method for determination of mercury deposition”.

The reference method for the determination of the deposition of benzo(a)pyrene and the other polycyclic hydrocarbons referred to in Article 4(8) is that described in EN 15980:2011 “Air quality. Determination of the deposition of benz[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[j]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene, dibenz[a,h]anthracene and indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene”.’


(1)  Distributed over the year to be representative of various conditions for climate and anthropogenic activities

(2)  Indicative measurement being measurements which are performed at reduced regularity but fulfil the other data quality objectives’


ANNEX II

Directive 2008/50/EC is amended as follows:

(1)

Section C of Annex I is replaced by the following:

‘C.   Quality assurance for ambient air quality assessment. Data validation

1.

To ensure accuracy of measurements and compliance with the data quality objectives laid down in Section A, the appropriate competent authorities and bodies designated pursuant to Article 3 shall ensure the following:

(i)

that all measurements undertaken in relation to the assessment of ambient air quality pursuant to Articles 6 and 9 are traceable in accordance with the requirements set out in the harmonised standard for testing and calibration laboratories,

(ii)

that institutions operating networks and individual stations have an established quality assurance and quality control system which provides for regular maintenance to assure the continued accuracy of measuring devices. The quality system shall be reviewed as necessary and at least every five years by the relevant National Reference Laboratory

(iii)

that a quality assurance/quality control process is established for the process of data collection and reporting and that institutions appointed for this task actively participate, in the related Union-wide quality assurance programmes,

(iv)

that the National Reference Laboratories are appointed by the appropriate competent authority or body designated pursuant to Article 3 and are accredited for the reference methods referred to in Annex VI, at least for those pollutants for which concentrations are above the lower assessment threshold, according to the relevant harmonised standard for testing and calibration laboratories, the reference to which has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union pursuant to Article 2(9) of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance. These laboratories shall also be responsible for the coordination in Member State's territory of the Union-wide quality assurance programmes to be organised by the Commission's Joint Research Centre and shall also be responsible for coordinating, on the national level, the appropriate use of reference methods, and the demonstration of equivalence of non-reference methods. National Reference Laboratories organising intercomparison on the national level should also be accredited according to the relevant harmonised standard for proficiency testing.

(v)

that the National Reference Laboratories, take part at least every three years in the Union-wide quality assurance programmes organized by the Commission's Joint Research Centre. If this participation produces unsatisfactory results then the national laboratory should demonstrate at the next participation in the intercomparison satisfactory remediation measures, and provide a report to the Joint Research Centre on these.

(vi)

that the national reference laboratories support the work done by the European network of National Reference Laboratories set up by the Commission.

2.

All reported data under Article 27 shall be deemed to be valid except data flagged as provisional.’

(2)

Annex III is amended as follows:

(a)

Section C is amended as follows:

(i)

the first and the second indents of paragraph 1 are replaced by the following:

‘—

the flow around the inlet sampling probe shall be unrestricted (in general free in an arc of at least 270° or 180° for sampling points at the building line) without any obstructions affecting the airflow in the vicinity of the inlet (normally some metres away from buildings, balconies, trees and other obstacles and at least 0,5 m from the nearest building in the case of sampling points representing air quality at the building line)

in general, the inlet sampling point shall be between 1,5 m (the breathing zone) and 4 m above the ground. Higher siting may also be appropriate if the station is representative of a large area and any derogations should be fully documented;’

(ii)

the fifth indent of paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘—

for all pollutants, traffic-orientated sampling probes shall be at least 25 m from the edge of major junctions and no more than 10 m from the kerbside. A “major junction” to be considered here is a junction which interrupts the traffic flow and causes different emissions (stop&go) from the rest of the road.’

(iii)

the following paragraph is added:

‘Any deviation from the criteria listed in this Section shall be fully documented through the procedures described in Section D.’

(b)

Section D is replaced by the following:

‘D.   Documentation and review of site selection

The competent authorities responsible for air quality assessment shall for all zones and agglomerations fully document the site-selection procedures and record information to support the network design and choice of location for all monitoring sites. The documentation shall include compass-point photographs of the area surrounding monitoring sites and detailed maps. Where supplementary methods are used within a zone or agglomeration, the documentation shall include details of these methods and information on how the criteria listed in Article 7(3) are met. The documentation shall be updated as necessary and reviewed at least every 5 years, to ensure that selection criteria, network design and monitoring site locations remain valid and optimal over time. The documentation shall be provided to the Commission within 3 months of being requested.’

(3)

Annex VI is amended as follows:

(a)

Section A is replaced by the following:

‘A.   Reference methods for the assessment of concentrations of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2,5), lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and ozone

1.   Reference method for the measurement of sulphur dioxide

The reference method for the measurement of sulphur dioxide is that described in EN 14212:2012 “Ambient air — Standard method for the measurement of the concentration of sulphur dioxide by ultraviolet fluorescence”.

2.   Reference method for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen

The reference method for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen is that described in EN 14211:2012 “Ambient air — Standard method for the measurement of the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen monoxide by chemiluminescence”.

3.   Reference method for the sampling and measurement of lead — unchanged

4.   Reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM10

The reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM10 is that described in EN12341:2014 “Ambient Air — standard gravimetric measurement method for the determination of the PM10 or PM2,5 mass concentration of suspended particulate matter”.

5.   Reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM2,5

The reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM2,5 is that described in EN12341:2014 “Ambient Air — standard gravimetric measurement method for the determination of the PM10 or PM2,5 mass concentration of suspended particulate matter”

6.   Reference method for the sampling and measurement of benzene — unchanged

7.   Reference method for the measurement of carbon monoxide

The reference method for the measurement of carbon monoxide is that described in EN 14626:2012 “Ambient air — Standard method for the measurement of the concentration of carbon monoxide by non-dispersive infrared spectroscopy”.

8.   Reference method for measurement of ozone

The reference method for the measurement of ozone is that described in EN 14625:2012 “Ambient air — Standard method for the measurement of the concentration of ozone by ultraviolet photometry”.’

(b)

Section D is deleted;

(c)

Section E is replaced by the following:

‘When demonstrating that equipment meets the performance requirements of the reference methods listed in Section A of this Annex, the competent authorities and bodies designated pursuant to Article 3 shall accept test reports issued in other Member States provided that the test laboratories are accredited to the relevant harmonised standard for testing and calibration laboratories.

The detailed test reports and all the results of the tests shall be available to other competent authorities or their designated bodies. Test reports shall demonstrate that the equipment meets all the performance requirements including where some environmental and site conditions are specific to a Member State and are outside the conditions for which the equipment has been already tested and type approved in another Member State;’

(4)

Section A of Annex IX is replaced by the following:

‘A.   Minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements of concentrations of ozone

Minimum number of sampling points for fixed continuous measurements to assess compliance with target values, long — term objectives and information and alert thresholds where such measurements are the sole source of information.

Population (× 1 000)

Agglomeration (1)

Other zones (1)

Rural background

< 250

 

1

1 station/50 000 km2 as an average density over all zones per country (2)

< 500

1

2

< 1 000

2

2

< 1 500

3

3

< 2 000

3

4

< 2 750

4

5

< 3 750

5

6

> 3 750

One additional station per 2 million inhabitants

One additional station per 2 million inhabitants


(1)  At least 1 station in areas where exposure of the population to the highest concentrations of ozone is likely to occur. In agglomerations, at least 50 % of the stations shall be located in suburban areas.

(2)  1 station per 25 000 km2 for complex terrain is recommended.’


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