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Installation of motor vehicle tyres

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Installation of motor vehicle tyres



Regulation (EU) No 458/2011 – type–approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers with regard to the installation of their tyres


  • It defines the requirements applying to the EC type–approval of the installation of tyres on vehicles of the following categories.
    • M: motor vehicles designed and built for the carriage of passengers and having at least 4 wheels.
    • N: motor vehicles intended and built for the transportation of goods and having at least 4 wheels.
    • O: trailers.
  • It implements Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 on the general safety of motor vehicles.


Requirements relating to the assembly of tyres

In accordance with the regulation on the general safety of motor vehicles, tyres are classified into 3 categories, namely C1, C2 and C3.

All tyres must be fitted to the vehicle and have the same structure, except temporary-use spare tyres*.

The space in which the wheel turns must allow for unrestricted movement of tyres and rims.

Tyres fitted to vehicles have maximum load ratings and must bear a speed category symbol. These aspects must be compatible with the vehicles in question.

If a vehicle has a spare wheel, it must belong to 1 of 2 categories:

  • a standard spare unit in the same size as the tyres fitted to the vehicle;
  • a temporary-use spare unit of a type suitable for use on the vehicle.

Rules concerning EC type–approval

The vehicle manufacturer must submit an application for EC type–approval to the competent authority. This application must contain certain information, in particular:

  • make and type of vehicle;
  • number of axles and wheels;
  • key characteristics of the tyres.

If the competent authority considers that the vehicle complies with all the requirements laid down in respect of the installation of tyres, it delivers EC type–approval and assigns a type–approval number in accordance with Directive 2007/46/EC.

Regulation (EU) 2015/166 amends Regulation (EU) No 458/2011 adapting it to technical progress concerning the optional spare wheel for N1 category vehicles (i.e. those carrying goods and having a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes).


It applies from 2 June 2011.


For more information, see:


Temporary-use spare tyre: a tyre designed for temporary use at inflation pressures that are higher than those set for standard and reinforced tyres


Commission Regulation (EU) No 458/2011 of 12 May 2011 concerning type–approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers with regard to the installation of their tyres and implementing Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type–approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor (OJ L 124, 13.5.2011, pp. 11-20)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) No 458/2011 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

last update 07.07.2016