Help Print this page 

Summaries of EU Legislation

Title and reference
Integration of environmental aspects into European standardisation

Summaries of EU legislation: direct access to the main summaries page.
Multilingual display

Integration of environmental aspects into European standardisation



Communication (COM(2004) 130 final) - Integration of Environmental Aspects into European Standardisation


It seeks to ensure that environmental aspects are integrated more systematically into European standards and that all those involved in compiling these standards take environmental protection into account.


  • European standardisation makes it possible to apply harmonised technical standards among the countries of the European Union (EU). It thus facilitates trade in the single market.
  • Standardisation plays a part in the formulation of EU policies and the dissemination of technical knowledge. By integrating environmental aspects, standards can thus contribute to sustainable development and the associated EU policies.

Developments in European standardisation

  • European standards are voluntary documents compiled by the European or international standards organisations. This work is based on a proactive process and on a consensus among all stakeholders.
  • The process of compiling standards is conducted under the new approach to technical harmonisation and standardisation.
  • Standardisation covers an increasing number of sectors. It is considered to be a useful tool for environmental protection, in that it:
    • has an influence on the way products and services impact on the environment, particularly in the context of the Circular Economy action plan;
    • implements standardised test methods and methods of measurement in order to facilitate the enforcement of environmental legislation. This is the case with horizontal standards used to simplify the measurement of levels of pollutants in sludge, as well as in soil or biowaste;
    • promotes the use of environmental technologies and supports initiatives which have environmental benefits. Standardisation can, for example, help in the marketing of technologies such as micro-cogeneration which makes it possible to simultaneously develop heat and electricity in a building;
    • draws up environmental management standards which aim to improve the environmental performance of businesses, such as the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 14000 series of international standards.
  • Europe’s ability to create environmental standards can lead to the development of international standards.

Environmental standards

  • The environmental quality of the standards produced in the EU can be improved. Particular attention is also focused on the quality of the standards drawn up in the acceding countries. The main aim is to:
    • improve the environmental training of the experts who compile or revise European standards and allow all stakeholders access to environmental information. The dissemination of technical know-how should be encouraged at European and national level;
    • set priorities regarding the topics to be dealt with, taking into account issues of public interest related to EU environmental policy. The European Commission can use the European standardisation mandate to flag these priorities;
    • promote the active participation of all parties concerned by standardisation. The European standardisation bodies such as the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation (CENELEC) work on the basis of national delegations. The EU countries should thus support participation by civil society and the scientific community in the process of drawing up standards. The Commission is pursuing the same objective by working together with the ECOS consortium of environmental organisations;
    • make systematic use of tools which help integrate environmental aspects into standardisation. Regular meetings will be held to exchange experience and assess the progress made.


  • The Commission wishes to encourage systematic use of the most effective integration tools. The European standardisation bodies have developed specific tools such as:
    • working groups dedicated to the environment;
    • technical advisory boards;
    • environmental databases;
    • sectoral guides and checklists written by experts for experts.
  • Stakeholders in the standardisation process become involved voluntarily. In order to ensure the proliferation of environmental standards, it is also necessary to enhance their market relevance.


  • When the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme was adopted in 2002, the Commission proposed that environmental protection be taken into consideration in standardisation activities.
  • This communication was drawn up following an Internet consultation. Representatives from business and industry, NGOs, public authorities and standardisation organisations had the opportunity to voice their opinions on the best way of taking action for the environment.
  • The Commission’s circular economy communication highlights the importance of standards to support the creation of a more circular economy. In particular, there is a need to develop standards in a number of priority areas, such as
    • material efficiency standards to support the implementation of the Ecodesign Directive,
    • standards for secondary raw materials, as well as on material efficient recycling of electronic waste, waste batteries and other relevant complex end-of-life products.
  • For more information, see:


Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee - Integration of Environmental Aspects into European Standardisation (COM(2004) 130 final, 25.2.2004)


Council conclusions of 1 March 2002 on standardisation (OJ C 66, 15.3.2002, pp. 1-2)

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on actions taken following the resolutions on European standardisation adopted by the Council and the European Parliament in 1999 (COM(2001) 527 final, 26.9.2001)

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy (COM(2015) 614 final, 2.12.2015)

last update 22.02.2017