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REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE Monitoring the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: data for 2009

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/* COM/2010/0655 final */ REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE Monitoring the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: data for 2009


[pic] | EUROPEAN COMMISSION |

Brussels, 10.11.2010

COM(2010) 655 final

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE

Monitoring the CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: data for 2009

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE

Monitoring the CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: data for 2009

1. INTRODUCTION

According to Article 9 of Decision (EC) 1753/2000[1], the Commission shall submit annual reports based on the monitoring data submitted by Member States to the European Parliament and Council. The present Report concerns the monitoring data for 2009.

From 2010 monitoring and reporting under Regulation (EC) No 443/2009[2] replaces the reporting based on Decision (EC) 1753/2000 since that Decision is repealed by the Regulation.

2. TRENDS IN NEW PASSENGER CARS

2.1. Data quality and processing

All Member States have submitted data for new passenger car registrations for 2009. Manual re-processing of data was necessary for a number of Member States due to the recording of other fuel types than those agreed upon, the handling of unknown vehicles, the application of the correction factor and other data implausibilities. These issues were addressed during the data evaluation process and were successfully solved without significant data losses. Caution should be used when analyzing the time series as not all EU Member States are included for all years as it can be seen from the tables in section 3. While the highest effort is taken to present consistent series, some breaks in trends due to methodology and monitoring improvements might occur.

In comparison to the reports in previous years, the aggregated data in this report refer to all fuels (previously only figures with respect to petrol and diesel were reported) and in contrast to earlier reports, the CO2 emissions figures are not corrected by 0.7%. This correction of 0.7% had been applied in assessing the progress made by the manufacturing associations ACEA, JAMA and KAMA, in order to compensate for a change in the test procedure that took place after their voluntary commitments were made[3]. These commitments have now been superseded by the targets specified in Regulation (EC) No 443/2009. For reasons of continuity with previous reports, data per vehicle manufacturer association continue to be presented.

Data for alternative fuel vehicles (AFV) are included for the second time in the monitoring report due to their increasing market share and improved data quality. This includes vehicles in the following fuel categories: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Natural Gas (NG), electricity, hydrogen, dual fuel, petrol-bioethanol, petrol-LPG, petrol-NG as well as vehicles reported in the category Other.

2.2. Average CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars

The average specific CO2 emissions of new passenger cars registered in the European Union in 2009 were 145.7 gCO2/km. This represents a decrease by 5.1%, or 7.9 gCO2/km, from the previous year (153.6 gCO2/km in 2008) which is the largest relative drop in specific emissions since the beginning of the monitoring scheme. Some of this reduction may be due to the financial and economic crisis as well as to the design of the scrappage schemes implemented in several Member States. The data also indicate that there has been some downsizing of the car fleet, as the average engine power, vehicle mass and engine capacity slightly decreased in 2009. Diesel powered vehicles improved by nearly 6 grams, petrol powered vehicles improved by almost 9 grams and AFV vehicles by slightly more than 11 grams in 2009. The difference among new diesel and petrol vehicles decreased to around 2.3 grams. It is worth noting that 10 years ago there was more than 17 grams difference between new gasoline and diesel vehicles.

The proportion of new petrol cars surpassed that of diesel vehicles in 2009. In 2009 the share of AFV increased significantly. This is mostly due to the increase of petrol-LPG vehicles registered in Italy, which itself accounts for 92.8% of all new petrol-LPG passenger cars registered in EU27.

Table 1: Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars by fuel (EU27)

All fuels | 1347 | 1356 | 1372 | 1379 | 1373 | 1337 |

Petrol | 1237 | 1235 | 1238 | 1235 | 1228 | 1206 |

Diesel | 1463 | 1479 | 1501 | 1510 | 1508 | 1498 |

Alter. fuel | 1415 | 1404 | 1392 | 1271 | 1237 | 1169 |

2.4. Monitoring data by association

For reasons of continuity with previous reports, data in this section are presented per vehicle manufacturer association. In 2009, CO2 emissions from new passenger cars decreased for each association. In comparison to 2008, ACEA decreased its average emissions by 7.3 grams, JAMA by 11.2 grams, KAMA by 9.7 grams and other manufacturers on average by 18.4 grams. Both, KAMA and JAMA, had lower average emissions from new passenger cars in 2009 than ACEA while the situation was the reverse in 2007.

Table 7: Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars by association

VOLKSWAGEN | 1 396 | 131 | 150.7 | 1 595 889 |

FORD | 1 268 | 125 | 139.7 | 1 249 195 |

FIAT | 1 134 | 119 | 130.1 | 1 206 362 |

RENAULT | 1 308 | 127 | 137.7 | 1 079 984 |

PEUGEOT | 1 292 | 126 | 133.6 | 966 013 |

CITROEN | 1 328 | 128 | 137.9 | 850 753 |

OPEL | 1 329 | 128 | 147.6 | 802 686 |

TOYOTA | 1 277 | 126 | 131.7 | 691 518 |

BMW | 1 526 | 137 | 151.2 | 680 768 |

DAIMLER | 1 487 | 135 | 166.8 | 666 341 |

AUDI | 1 605 | 141 | 160.2 | 586 764 |

SKODA | 1 266 | 125 | 147.9 | 446 671 |

NISSAN | 1 348 | 129 | 154.3 | 359 094 |

HYUNDAI | 1 245 | 124 | 137.8 | 322 432 |

SEAT | 1 253 | 125 | 140.1 | 307 811 |

KIA | 1 384 | 131 | 145.9 | 240 986 |

VAUXHALL | 1 321 | 128 | 151.9 | 233 400 |

HONDA | 1 354 | 129 | 147.3 | 231 810 |

DACIA | 1 182 | 121 | 151.9 | 226 618 |

MAZDA | 1 251 | 124 | 149.5 | 199 299 |

Of all manufacturers that registered more than 10 000 vehicles in the European Union in 2009, one manufacturer already managed to fully meet the target set for year 2015:MARUTI (average mass: 932 kg, specific emissions target: 110 gCO2/km, average specific emissions in 2009: 104 gCO2/km, registrations in 2009: 14 095).

[1] Decision (EC) 1753/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a scheme to monitor the average specific emissions of CO2 from new passenger cars, OJ L 202, 10.8.2000.

[2] Regulation (EC) 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars, OJ L 140, 5.6.2009

[3] More information related to the 0.7% correction can be found in COM(2002) 693 final and COM(2004) 78 final.

[4]

EU15 includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK (excluding Northern Ireland).

EU10 includes Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.

EU12 includes EU10, Bulgaria and Romania.

EU25 includes EU15 and EU10.

EU27 includes EU15 and EU12.

[5] "Other" includes non-identified new passenger cars (vehicles for which Members States did not report correctly the required information)

[6] Total registration of new passenger cars as covered by reporting EU Member States

[7] http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/transport/co2/co2_monitoring.htm

[8] Specific emissions target based on formulae in Annex I of Regulation (EC) 443/2009

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