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Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament - Monitoring the CO2 emissions from cars in the EU: data for the years 2005, 2006 and 2007

/* COM/2009/0009 final */
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Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament - Monitoring the CO2 emissions from cars in the EU: data for the years 2005, 2006 and 2007 /* COM/2009/0009 final */


[pic] | COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES |

Brussels, 27.1.2009

COM(2009) 9 final

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Monitoring the CO2 emissions from cars in the EU: data for the years 2005, 2006 and 2007

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Monitoring the CO2 emissions from cars in the EU: data for the years 2005, 2006 and 2007

1. INTRODUCTION

In February 2007, the Commission adopted a Communication[1] outlining a comprehensive new strategy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from new cars and vans registered in the European Union. The new strategy, together with a revision of EU fuel quality standards proposed on 31 January 2007, further underlines the Commission's determination to ensure that the EU meets its greenhouse gas emission targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond. The strategy aims at reaching the EU's long-established objective of limiting average CO2 emissions from new cars to 120 grammes per km by 2012 - a reduction of around 25% from current levels. The central part of the strategy consists of Community regulation on the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars as proposed in December 2007[2].

The CO2 emissions from new passenger cars have been monitored already as part of the earlier strategy[3] on CO2 from cars. Following Article 9 of Decision 1753/2000/EC[4] the Commission is required to submit to the European Parliament and Council reports for each calendar year on the effectiveness of the strategy based on the monitoring data submitted by Member States[5]. The present Communication concerns the monitoring data for 2005, 2006 and 2007.

2. EVOLUTION OF AVERAGE CO2 EMISSIONS FOR THE NEW CAR FLEET IN THE EU IN 2005, 2006 AND 2007

2.1. Average CO 2 emissions for the new car fleet in 2005, 2006 and 2007

Following the enlargement of the EU[6] on 1 May 2004 and 1 January 2007, data on the average CO2 emissions for the new car fleet became available for the EU25 and EU27 Member States. For the monitoring years 2005, 2006 and 2007 the following table[7] presents the EU15, EU10, EU25 and EU 27 situation:

Table 1 : Monitoring Data

2005 | EU 15 | EU 10 | EU 25 |

Fuel | Registrations | g CO2/km | Registrations | g CO2/km | Registrations | g CO2/km |

Petrol | 6,896,573 | 168 | 507,746 | 158 | 7,404,319 | 167 |

Diesel | 6,966,671 | 155 | 199,518 | 154 | 7,166,189 | 155 |

Petrol + Diesel | 13,863,244 | 161 | 707,264 | 157 | 14,570,508 | 161 |

2006 | EU 15 | EU 10 | EU 25 |

Fuel | Registrations | g CO2/km | Registrations | g CO2/km | Registrations | g CO2/km |

Petrol | 6,816,135 | 164 | 513,111 | 157 | 7,329,246 | 164 |

Diesel | 7,243,160 | 157 | 210,746 | 155 | 7,453,906 | 157 |

Petrol + Diesel | 14,059,295 | 160 | 723,857 | 156 | 14,783,152 | 160 |

2007 | EU 15 | EU 10 | EU 25 | EU 27[8] |

1996(3) | 1123 | + 2.18% |

1997(3) | 1137 | + 1.25% |

1998(3) | 1166 | + 2.55% |

1999(3) | 1185 | + 1.63% |

2000(3,5) | 1186 | + 0.08% |

2001(3,5) | 1197 | + 0.93% |

2002(4,5) | 1413 | + 18.05% |

2003(4,5) | 1404 | - 0.64% |

2004(5) | 1351 | - 3.77% | 1277 | - | 1347 | - |

2005(5) | 1362 | + 0.81% | 1247 | - 2.35% | 1357 | + 0.74% |

2006(5) | 1376 | + 1.03% | 1281 | + 2.73% | 1372 | + 1.11% |

2007(5) | 1386 | + 0.73% | 1313 | + 2.50% | 1382 | + 0.73% | 1380 |

(1) Article 2(8) of decision 1753/2000/EC, Section 2.6 of Annex I to Directive 70/156/EEC.

(2) Petrol and diesel-fuelled vehicles only, other fuels and statistically not identified vehicles are not expected to affect these averages significantly.

(3) Mass data as delivered by the associations. This is the mass of the empty vehicle which is 75kg lower than the mass of the car in running order which is employed in the reporting from 2002 onwards. See footnote 12 of section 2.2 for definitions of mass.

(4) Mass data inflated because reported values partly related to one Member State to maximum mass rather than mass as defined in Decision 1753/2000/EC.

(5) Values for ACEA, JAMA & KAMA members. New passenger cars placed on the EU15 market by other manufacturers would not influence the EU15 average significantly.

(6) Excluding Bulgaria as no data for the year 2007 was delivered.

(7) Excluding Malta 2005-2007, Slovakia in 2006 and 2007 as explained in footnote 12.

(8) Excluding Greece 1995-2001 for ACEA and 1995-2000 for KAMA. Excluding Finland 1995-1999 for KAMA and 1996-2000 for ACEA

Table 3 : Average specific emissions of CO 2 of new passenger cars per fuel type, for the EU 15, EU10 and EU25

CO2 (g/km) |

Diesel | 27.3% | 34.3% | 33.4% | 35.2% | 7.9 |

Totals (3) | 539,178 | 490,499 | 511,500 | 539,396 | 0 % |

Diesel | 11.6% | 15.6% | 17.2% | 21.0% | 9.4 |

Totals (3) | 157,818 | 160,169 | 178,757 | 198,315 | 25.7 % |

Diesel | 9.5% | 11.7% | 18.5% | 26.5% | 17.0 |

Totals (3) | 40,351 | 51,983 | 50,649 | 65,558 | 62.5 % |

Diesel | 23.0% | 28.4% | 28.4% | 31.0% | 8.0 |

Totals (3) | 737,347 | 702,651 | 740,906 | 803,269 | 8.9 % |

(1) For 2004-2007 official EU data are taken.

(2) The change over the period 1995 to 2007 for petrol and diesel driven cars represents the change in the absolute share of each fuel type of total registrations. The change for the total cars is the growth or drop in absolute new registrations. The change in total cars represents the growth in the EU10 new registrations over the period.

(3) Totals include statistically unidentified vehicles and vehicles using 'other fuel' types.

(4) New passenger cars put on the EU market by other manufacturers do not affect the numbers significantly.

Table 7: Trends in composition of new cars registered in the EU25 for each association

EU 25 |

Diesel | 50.9% | 52.8% | 53.9% | 55.3 % | 4.4 |

Totals (3) | 12,207,279 | 12,024,503 | 12,121,720 | 12,154,993 | -0.4 % |

Diesel | 29.4% | 29.1% | 31.3% | 31.9 % | 2.5 |

Totals (3) | 2,001,546 | 2,058,302 | 2,156,273 | 2,214,826 | 10.7 % |

Diesel | 25.4% | 29.5% | 34.6% | 36.6 % | 11.2 |

Totals (3) | 629,893 | 736,911 | 713,978 | 713,603 | 13.3 % |

Diesel | 46.9% | 48.3% | 49.7% | 51.0 % | 4.1 |

Totals (3) | 14,838,718 | 14,819,716 | 14,991,971 | 15,083,422 | 1.7 % |

(1) For 2004-2007 official EU data are taken.

(2) The change over the period 1995 to 2007 for petrol and diesel driven cars represents the change in the absolute share of each fuel type of total registrations. The change for the total cars is the growth or drop in absolute new registrations. The change in total cars represents the growth in the EU25 new registrations over the period.

(3) Totals include statistically unidentified vehicles and vehicles using 'other fuel' types.

(4) New passenger cars put on the EU market by other manufacturers do not affect the numbers significantly.

[1] COM(2007) 19 final.

[2] COM(2007) 856 final.

[3] COM (1995) 689 final.

[4] Decision 1753/2000/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a scheme to monitor the average specific emissions of CO2 from new passenger cars, OJ L 202, 10.8.2000.

[5] Information concerning the Community Strategy can also be found on the following page: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/co2/co2_home.htm.

[6] Data for Romania and Bulgaria are not relevant for the reporting period 2005 and 2006 as they joined the EU in 2007.

[7] The table includes vehicles of all manufacturers irrespective of their origin.

[8] Excluding Bulgaria as no data for the year 2007 was delivered.

[9] Emission values for vehicles of associations ACEA, JAMA and KAMA and other manufacturers are corrected by 0,7% for the change in driving cycle, more information related to this change can be found in COM(2004) 78 final.

[10] Except Bulgaria.

[11] Compared to EU25, EU10 accounted for 5.3%.

[12] Article 2(8) of decision 1753/2000/EC defines the term mass as “the mass of the car with bodywork in running order as stated in the certificate of conformity and the type-approval documentation, and defined in section 2.6 of Annex I to Directive 70/156/EEC”.

Section 2.6 of Annex I to Directive 2007/46/EC defines the term as follows: “Mass of the vehicle with bodywork and, in the case of a towing vehicle of category other than M1, with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or mass of the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools, spare wheel, if fitted, and driver and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat in the vehicle) (o) (maximum and minimum for each variant)”.

Footnote “o” specifies that “The mass of the driver and, if applicable, of the crew member is assessed at 75 kg (subdivided into 68 kg occupant mass and 7 kg luggage mass according to ISO Standard 2416 -1992), the fuel tank is filled to 90 % and the other liquid containing systems (except those for used water) to 100 % of the capacity specified by the manufacturer.

[13] Two Member States did not provide data following Article 2 (8) of Decision 1753/2000/EC. The years affected are 2006 and 2007 for Slovakia and 2005 to 2007 for Malta. The number of registrations for these two Member States is low by comparison to other Member States and the total in the EU and therefore is not expected to affect the EU average significantly.

[14] Directive 2007/46/EC Article 18, OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p.1.

[15] EU15.

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