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Document 32011R0582

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Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 of 25 May 2011 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and amending Annexes I and III to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Text with EEA relevance
  • In force
OJ L 167, 25.6.2011, p. 1–168 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 13 Volume 042 P. 138 - 305

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2011/582/oj
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Text

25.6.2011   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 167/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 582/2011

of 25 May 2011

implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and amending Annexes I and III to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (1), and in particular Articles 4(3), 5(4) and 6(2) and Article 12 thereof,

Having regard to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) (2), and in particular Article 39(7) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 is one of the separate regulatory acts under the type-approval procedure laid down by Directive 2007/46/EC.

(2)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 requires new heavy duty vehicles and engines to comply with new emission limits and introduces additional requirements on access to information. The technical requirements will apply from 31 December 2012 for new types of vehicles and from 31 December 2013 for all new vehicles. The specific technical provisions necessary to implement Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 should be adopted. Therefore, the present Regulation aims at setting the requirements necessary for the type-approval of Euro VI specification vehicles and engines.

(3)

Article 5(4) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 requires the Commission to adopt implementing legislation setting out specific technical requirements relating to the control of emissions from vehicles. Therefore, it is appropriate to adopt those requirements.

(4)

Following the adoption of the main requirements for type-approval of heavy duty motor vehicles and engines by Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, it is necessary to establish administrative provisions for that EC type-approval. Those administrative requirements should include provisions for conformity of production and in-service conformity to ensure continued good performance of production vehicles and engines.

(5)

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, it is also necessary to establish requirements to ensure that vehicle on-board diagnostic (hereinafter ‘OBD’) and vehicle repair and maintenance information is readily accessible, so as to ensure that independent operators have access to such information.

(6)

In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, the measures provided for in this Regulation regarding access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, information for diagnostic tools and the compatibility of replacement parts with vehicle OBD systems, should not be restricted to emission-related components and systems but cover all aspects of a vehicle subject to type-approval within the scope of this Regulation.

(7)

In accordance with Article 5 of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, the Commission should adopt measures for implementing the use of portable measurement systems for verifying the actual in-use emissions and verifying and limiting the off-cycle emissions. It is therefore necessary to set out, within an appropriate timeframe, provisions on off-cycle emissions both at type-approval and for verifying and limiting the off-cycle emissions in actual use of the vehicles. For the purpose of in-service conformity a procedure using portable emissions measurement systems (hereinafter ‘PEMS’) should be introduced. The PEMS procedures introduced through this Regulation should be subject to an assessment on the basis of which the Commission should be empowered to amend the in-use provisions.

(8)

In accordance with Article 5(4)(d) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, it is necessary to establish requirements for type-approval of replacement pollution control devices so as to ensure that they function correctly.

(9)

In accordance with Article 5(4)(d) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, it is necessary to establish requirements for determining deterioration factors to be used for verifying the durability of engine systems. In addition and subject to the results of research and development on methods for bench ageing of engine systems the Commission should be empowered to amend the provisions for determining deterioration factors.

(10)

As provided for by Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, new limit values and a measurement procedure for the number of particles emitted should be introduced. The measurement procedure should be based on the work of the Particulate Measurement Programme (PMP) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (hereinafter ‘UN/ECE’).

(11)

In accordance with Article 12(2) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, limit values for the World Harmonized Transient Driving Cycle (hereinafter ‘WHTC’) and the Worldwide Harmonised Steady state Cycle (hereinafter ‘WHSC’) as specified in Annex 4B to Regulation No 49 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the measures to be taken against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from compression-ignition engines for use in vehicles, and the emission of gaseous pollutants from positive-ignition engines fuelled with natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas for use in vehicles (3) should be introduced.

(12)

The Commission should assess the need for specific measures regarding multi-setting engines, and should be empowered to amend the provisions in accordance with the results of that assessment.

(13)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and Directive 2007/46/EC should therefore be amended accordingly.

(14)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Technical Committee – Motor Vehicles,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Subject matter

This Regulation lays down measures for the implementation of Articles 4, 5, 6 and 12 of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

It also amends Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and Directive 2007/46/EC.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

‘engine system’ means the engine, the emission control system and the communication interface (hardware and messages) between the engine system electronic control unit or units (hereinafter ‘ECU’) and any other powertrain or vehicle control unit;

(2)

‘service accumulation schedule’ means the ageing cycle and the service accumulation period for determining the deterioration factors for the engine-aftertreatment system family;

(3)

‘engine family’ means a manufacturers grouping of engines which, through their design as defined in Section 6 of Annex I, have similar exhaust emission characteristics; all members of the family shall comply with the applicable emission limit values;

(4)

‘engine type’ means a category of engines which do not differ in essential engine characteristics as set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I;

(5)

‘vehicle type with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information’ means a group of vehicles which do not differ in essential engine and vehicle characteristics as set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I;

(6)

‘deNOx system’ means a selective catalytic reduction (hereinafter ‘SCR’) system, NOx adsorber, passive or active lean NOx catalyst or any other exhaust after-treatment system designed to reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx);

(7)

‘exhaust after-treatment system’ means a catalyst (oxidation, 3-way or any other), particulate filter, deNOx system, combined deNOx particulate filter, or any other emission reducing device, that is installed downstream of the engine;

(8)

‘on-board diagnostic (OBD) system’ means a system on-board a vehicle or engine which has the capability:

(a)

of detecting malfunctions, affecting the emission performance of the engine system; and

(b)

of indicating their occurrence by means of an alert system; and

(c)

of identifying the likely area of the malfunction by means of information stored in computer memory and communicating that information off-board;

(9)

‘qualified deteriorated component or system’ (hereinafter ‘QDC’) means a component or system that has been intentionally deteriorated such as by accelerated ageing or by having been manipulated in a controlled manner and which has been accepted by the approval authority according to the provisions set out in Section 6.3.2 of Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49 and point 2.2 of Appendix 3 of Annex X to this Regulation for use when demonstrating the OBD performance of the engine system;

(10)

‘ECU’ means the engine system electronic control unit;

(11)

‘diagnostic trouble code’ (hereinafter ‘DTC’) means a numeric or alphanumeric identifier which identifies or labels a malfunction;

(12)

‘portable emissions measurement system’ (hereinafter ‘PEMS’) means a portable emissions measurement system meeting the requirements specified in Appendix 2 to Annex II;

(13)

‘malfunction indicator’ (hereinafter ‘MI’) means an indicator which is part of the alert system and which clearly informs the driver of the vehicle in the event of a malfunction;

(14)

‘ageing cycle’ means the vehicle or engine operation (speed, load, power) to be executed during the service accumulation period;

(15)

‘critical emission-related components’ means the following components which are designed primarily for emission control: any exhaust after-treatment system, the ECU and its associated sensors and actuators, and the exhaust gas recirculation (hereinafter ‘EGR’) system including all related filters, coolers, control valves and tubing;

(16)

‘critical emission-related maintenance’ means the maintenance to be performed on critical emission-related components;

(17)

‘emission related maintenance’ means the maintenance which substantially affects emissions or which is likely to affect emissions deterioration of the vehicle or the engine during normal in-use operation;

(18)

‘engine aftertreatment system family’ means a manufacturer’s grouping of engines that comply with the definition of engine family, but which are further grouped into engines utilising a similar exhaust after-treatment system;

(19)

‘Wobbe index (lower Wl or upper Wu)’ means the ratio of the corresponding calorific value of a gas per unit volume and the square root of its relative density under the same reference conditions:

Formula

(20)

‘λ-shift factor’ (hereinafter ‘Sλ’) means an expression that describes the required flexibility of the engine management system regarding a change of excess-air-ratio λ if the engine is fuelled with a gas composition different from pure methane as specified in Section 4.1 of Annex 6 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49;

(21)

‘non-emission-related maintenance’ means the maintenance which does not substantially affect emissions and which does not have a lasting effect on the emissions deterioration of the vehicle or the engine during normal in-use operation once the maintenance is performed;

(22)

‘OBD engine family’ means a manufacturer’s grouping of engine systems having common methods of monitoring and diagnosing emission-related malfunctions;

(23)

‘scan-tool’ means an external test equipment used for standardised off-board communication with the OBD system in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation;

(24)

‘Auxiliary Emission Strategy’ (hereinafter ‘AES’) means an emission strategy that becomes active and replaces or modifies a base emission strategy for a specific purpose and in response to a specific set of ambient and/or operating conditions and only remains operational as long as those conditions exist;

(25)

‘Base Emission Strategy’ (hereinafter ‘BES’) means an emission strategy that is active throughout the speed and load operating range of the engine unless an AES is activated;

(26)

‘in-use performance ratio’ means the ratio of the number of times that the conditions have existed under which a monitor, or group of monitors, should have detected a malfunction to the number of driving cycles of relevance to that monitor or group of monitors;

(27)

‘engine start’ consists of the ignition-On, cranking and start of combustion, and is completed when the engine speed reaches 150 min-1 below the normal, warmed-up idle speed;

(28)

‘operating sequence’ means a sequence consisting of an engine start, an operating period (of the engine), an engine shut-off, and the time until the next start, where a specific OBD monitor runs to completion and a malfunction would be detected if present;

(29)

‘emission threshold monitoring’ means monitoring of a malfunction that leads to an excess of the OBD threshold limits (OTLs) and which consists of either or both of the following:

(a)

direct emissions measurement via a tailpipe emissions sensor(s) and a model to correlate the direct emissions to specific emissions of the applicable test-cycle;

(b)

indication of an emissions increase via correlation of computer input and output information to test-cycle specific emissions;

(30)

‘performance monitoring’ means malfunction monitoring that consists of functionality checks, and the monitoring of parameters that are not directly correlated to emission thresholds, that is done on components or systems to verify that they are operating within the proper range;

(31)

‘rationality failure’ means a malfunction where the signal from an individual sensor or component differs from that expected when assessed against signals available from other sensors or components within the control system including cases where all of the measured signals and component output data are individually within the range associated with normal operation of the associated sensor or component and where none of the sensors or components is individually indicating a malfunction;

(32)

‘total functional failure monitoring’ means monitoring in order to detect a malfunction which will lead to a complete loss of the desired function of a system;

(33)

‘malfunction’ means a failure or deterioration of an engine system, including the OBD system, that might reasonably be expected to lead either to an increase in any of the regulated pollutants emitted by the engine system or to a reduction in the effectiveness of the OBD system;

(34)

‘general denominator’ means a counter indicating the number of times a vehicle has been operated, taking into account general conditions;

(35)

‘ignition cycle counter’ means a counter indicating the number of engine starts a vehicle has experienced;

(36)

‘Driving cycle’ means a sequence consisting of an engine start, an operating period (of the vehicle), an engine shut-off, and the time until the next engine start;

(37)

‘group of monitors’ means, for the purpose of assessing the in-use performance of an OBD engine family, a set of OBD monitors used for determining the correct operation of the emission control system;

(38)

‘net power’ means the power obtained on a test bench at the end of the crankshaft or its equivalent at the corresponding engine or motor speed with the auxiliaries according to Annex XIV and determined under reference atmospheric conditions;

(39)

‘maximum net power’ means the maximum value of the net power measured at full engine load;

(40)

‘wall-flow diesel particulate filter’ means a diesel particulate filter (hereinafter ‘DPF’) in which all the exhaust gas is forced to flow through a wall which filters out the solid matter;

(41)

‘continuous regeneration’ means the regeneration process of an exhaust after-treatment system that occurs either permanently or at least once per World Harmonized Transient Driving Cycle (hereinafter ‘WHTC’) hot start test.

Article 3

Requirements for type-approval

1.   In order to receive an EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit, EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information, or an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information the manufacturer shall, in accordance with the provisions of Annex I, demonstrate that the vehicles or engine systems are subject to the tests and comply with the requirements set out in Annexes III to VIII, X, XIII, and XIV. The manufacturer shall also ensure compliance with the specifications of reference fuels set out in Annex IX.

2.   In order to receive EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information, or an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information the manufacturer shall ensure compliance with the installation requirements set out in Section 4 of Annex I.

3.   In order to receive an extension of the EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information type-approved under this Regulation with a reference mass exceeding 2 380 kg but not exceeding 2 610 kg the manufacturer shall meet the requirements set out in Appendix 1 to Annex VIII.

4.   The provisions for alternative approval specified in point 2.4.1 to Annex X and point 2.1 to Annex XIII shall not apply for the purpose of an EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit.

5.   Any engine system and any element of design liable to affect the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants shall be designed, constructed, assembled and installed so as to enable the engine, in normal use, to comply with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and those of this Regulation. The manufacturer shall also ensure compliance with off-cycle requirements set out in Article 14 and Annex VI to this Regulation.

6.   In order to receive an EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit or an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information the manufacturer shall ensure compliance with the requirements on fuel range for a universal fuel approval or in case of a positive-ignition engine fuelled with natural gas and LPG a restricted fuel range approval as specified in Section 1 of Annex I.

7.   In order to receive an EC type-approval in the case of a petrol or E85 fuelled engine, the manufacturer shall ensure that the specific requirements for inlets to fuel tanks for petrol and E85 fuelled vehicles laid down in Section 4.3 of Annex I are fulfilled.

8.   In order to receive an EC type-approval the manufacturer shall ensure that the specific requirements for electronic system security laid down in point 2.1 of Annex X are fulfilled.

9.   The manufacturer shall take technical measures so as to ensure that the tailpipe emissions are effectively limited, in accordance with this Regulation, throughout the normal life of the vehicle and under normal conditions of use. Those measures shall include ensuring that the security of hoses, joints and connections, used within the emission control systems, are constructed so as to conform to the original design intent.

10.   The manufacturer shall ensure that the emissions test results comply with the applicable limit value under the test conditions specified in this Regulation.

11.   The manufacturer shall determine deterioration factors that will be used to demonstrate that the gaseous and particulate emissions of an engine family or engine-aftertreatment system family remain in conformity with the emission limits set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 over the normal useful life periods set out in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

The procedures for demonstrating the compliance of an engine system or engine-aftertreatment system family over the normal useful life periods are set out in Annex VII to this Regulation.

12.   For positive-ignition engines subject to the test set out in Annex IV, the maximum permissible carbon monoxide content in the exhaust gases at normal engine idling speed shall be that stated by the vehicle manufacturer. However, the maximum carbon monoxide content shall not exceed 0,3 % vol.

At high idle speed, the carbon monoxide content by volume of the exhaust gases shall not exceed 0,2 % vol., with the engine speed being at least 2 000 min-1 and Lambda being 1 ± 0,03 or in accordance with the specifications of the manufacturer.

13.   In the case of a closed crankcase, manufacturers shall ensure that for the test set out in Annex V, the engine’s ventilation system does not permit the emission of any crankcase gases into the atmosphere. If the crankcase is of an open type the emissions shall be measured and added to the tailpipe emissions following the provisions set out in Annex V.

14.   When applying for type-approval, manufacturers shall present to the approval authority information showing that the deNOx system retains its emission control function during all conditions regularly pertaining in the territory of the Union, especially at low temperatures.

In addition, manufacturers shall provide the approval authority with information on the operating strategy of any EGR system, including its functioning at low ambient temperatures.

This information shall also include a description of any effects on emissions of operating the system under low ambient temperatures.

15.   Vehicles and engines shall only be type-approved according to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and this Regulation once measurement procedures for measuring PM number as set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, any specific provisions regarding multi-setting engines that are needed and provisions implementing Article 6 of that Regulation have been adopted.

Article 4

On-board diagnostics

1.   Manufacturers shall ensure that all engine systems and vehicles are equipped with an OBD system.

2.   The OBD system shall be designed, constructed and installed on a vehicle in accordance with Annex X, so as to enable it to identify, record, and communicate the types of deterioration or malfunction specified in that Annex over the entire life of the vehicle.

3.   The manufacturer shall ensure that the OBD system complies with the requirements set out in Annex X, including the OBD in-use performance requirements, under all normal and reasonably foreseeable driving conditions encountered in the Union, including the conditions of normal use specified in Annex X.

4.   When tested with a qualified deteriorated component, the OBD system malfunction indicator shall be activated in accordance with Annex X. The OBD system malfunction indicator may also be activated at levels of emissions below the OBD thresholds limits specified in Annex X.

5.   The manufacturer shall ensure that the provisions for in-use performance of an OBD engine family laid down in Annex X are followed.

6.   The OBD in-use performance related data shall be stored and made available without any encryption through the standard OBD communication protocol by the OBD system in accordance with the provisions of Annex X.

7.   If the manufacturer chooses, during a period of 3 years after the dates specified in Article 8(1) and (2) of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 OBD systems may comply with alternative provisions as specified in Annex X to this Regulation and referring to this paragraph.

8.   If the manufacturer chooses, until 1 September 2014 in the case of new types of vehicles or engines and until 1 September 2015 for all new vehicles sold, registered or put into service within the Union, he may use alternative provisions for the monitoring of the DPF as set out in point 2.3.3.3 of Annex X.

Article 5

Application for EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit

1.   The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit.

2.   The application referred to in paragraph 1 shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I. For that purpose Part 1 of that Appendix shall apply.

3.   Together with the application, the manufacturer shall provide a documentation package that fully explains any element of design which affects emissions, the emission control strategy of the engine system, the means by which the engine system controls the output variables which have a bearing upon emissions, whether that control is direct or indirect, and fully explains the warning and inducement system required by Sections 4 and 5 of Annex XIII. The documentation package shall consist of the following parts including the information set out in Section 8 to Annex I:

(a)

a formal documentation package that shall be retained by the approval authority. The formal documentation package may be made available to interested parties upon request;

(b)

an extended documentation package that shall remain confidential. The extended documentation package may be kept by the approval authority, or be retained by the manufacturer, at the discretion of the approval authority, but shall be made available for inspection by the approval authority at the time of approval or at any time during the validity of the approval. When the documentation package is retained by the manufacturer, the approval authority shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the documentation is not being altered after approval.

4.   In addition to the information referred to in paragraph 3, the manufacturer shall submit the following information:

(a)

in the case of positive-ignition engines, a declaration by the manufacturer of the minimum percentage of misfires out of a total number of firing events that either would result in emissions exceeding the limits set out in Annex X if that percentage of misfire had been present from the start of the emission test as set out in Annex III or could lead to an exhaust catalyst, or catalysts, overheating prior to causing irreversible damage;

(b)

a description of the provisions taken to prevent tampering with and modification of the emission control computer(s) including the facility for updating using a manufacturer-approved programme or calibration;

(c)

documentation of the OBD system, in accordance with the requirements set out in Section 5 to Annex X;

(d)

OBD related information for the purpose of access to OBD and repair and maintenance information, in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation;

(e)

a Statement of Off-Cycle Emission compliance with the requirements of Article 14 and Section 9 to Annex VI;

(f)

a Statement of OBD in-use Performance compliance with the requirements of Appendix 6 to Annex X;

(g)

a Statement of compliance with the requirements on access to OBD and repair and maintenance information;

(h)

the initial plan for in-service testing according to point 2.4 of Annex II;

(i)

where appropriate, copies of other type-approvals with the relevant data to enable extension of approvals and establishment of deterioration factors.

5.   The manufacturer shall submit to the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests an engine or, as appropriate, a parent engine representative of the type to be approved.

6.   Changes to the make of a system, component or separate technical unit that occur after a type-approval shall not automatically invalidate a type-approval, unless its original characteristics or technical parameters are changed in such a way that the functionality of the engine or pollution control system is affected.

Article 6

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit

1.   If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval of an engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

Without prejudice to the provisions of Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC, Section 3 of the type-approval number shall be drawn up in accordance with Appendix 9 to Annex I to this Regulation.

An approval authority shall not assign the same number to another engine type.

2.   When granting an EC type-approval under paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate using the model set out in Appendix 5 to Annex I.

Article 7

Application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.   The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

2.   The application referred to in paragraph 1 shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Part 2 of Appendix 4 to Annex I. This application shall be accompanied by a copy of the EC type-approval certificate for the engine system or engine family as a separate technical unit issued in accordance with Article 6.

3.   The manufacturer shall provide a documentation package that fully explains the elements of the warning and inducement system that is on board the vehicle and required by Annex XIII. This documentation package shall be provided in accordance with Article 5(3).

4.   In addition to the information referred to in paragraph 3, the manufacturer shall submit the following information:

(a)

a description of the measures taken to prevent tampering with and modification of the vehicle control units covered by this Regulation including the facility for updating using a manufacturer-approved programme or calibration;

(b)

a description of the OBD components on board of the vehicle, in accordance with the requirements of Section 5 of Annex X;

(c)

information related to the OBD components on board the vehicle for the purpose of access to OBD and repair and maintenance information;

(d)

a statement of compliance with the requirements on access to OBD and repair and maintenance information;

(e)

where appropriate, copies of other type-approvals with the relevant data to enable extension of approvals.

5.   Changes to the make of a system, component or separate technical unit that occur after a type-approval shall not automatically invalidate a type-approval, unless its original characteristics or technical parameters are changed in such a way that the functionality of the engine or pollution control system is affected.

Article 8

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.   If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine system with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

Without prejudice to the provisions of Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC, Section 3 of the type-approval number shall be drawn up in accordance with Appendix 9 to Annex I to this Regulation.

An approval authority shall not assign the same number to another vehicle type.

2.   When granting an EC type-approval under paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate using the model set out in Appendix 6 to Annex I.

Article 9

Application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.   The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

2.   The application referred to in paragraph 1 shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I. For that purpose Parts 1 and 2 of that Appendix shall apply.

3.   The manufacturer shall provide a documentation package that fully explains any element of design which affects emissions, the emission control strategy of the engine system, the means by which the engine system controls the output variables which have a bearing upon emissions, whether that control is direct or indirect, and fully explains the warning and inducement system required by Annex XIII. This documentation package shall be provided in accordance with Article 5(3).

4.   In addition to the information referred to in paragraph 3, the manufacturer shall submit the information required by Article 5(4)(a) to (i) and Article 7(4)(a) to (e).

5.   The manufacturer shall submit to the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests an engine representative of the type to be approved.

6.   Changes to the make of a system, component or separate technical unit that occur after a type-approval shall not automatically invalidate a type-approval, unless its original characteristics or technical parameters are changed in such a way that the functionality of the engine or pollution control system is affected.

Article 10

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.   If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

Without prejudice to the provisions of Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC, Section 3 of the type-approval number shall be drawn up in accordance with Appendix 9 to Annex I to this Regulation.

An approval authority shall not assign the same number to another vehicle type.

2.   When granting an EC type-approval under paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate using the model set out in Appendix 7 to Annex I.

Article 11

Conformity of production

1.   Measures to ensure the conformity of production shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of Article 12 of Directive 2007/46/EC.

2.   Conformity of production shall be checked on the basis of the description in the type-approval certificates set out in Appendices 5, 6 and 7 to Annex I, as applicable.

3.   Conformity of production shall be assessed in accordance with the specific conditions laid down in Section 7 of Annex I and the relevant statistical methods laid down in Appendices 1, 2 and 3 to that Annex.

Article 12

In-service conformity

1.   Measures to ensure in-service conformity of vehicles or engine systems type-approved under this Regulation or Directive 2005/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4) shall be taken in accordance with Article 12 of Directive 2007/46/EC, and complying with the requirements of Annex II to this Regulation in the case of vehicles or engine systems type-approved under this Regulation and with the requirements of Annex XII to this Regulation in the case of vehicles or engine systems type-approved under Directive 2005/55/EC.

2.   The technical measures taken by the manufacturer shall be such as to ensure that the tailpipe emissions are effectively limited, throughout the normal life of the vehicles under normal conditions of use. The conformity with the provisions of this Regulation shall be checked over the normal useful life of an engine system installed in a vehicle under normal conditions of use as specified in Annex II to this Regulation.

3.   The manufacturer shall report the results of the in-service testing to the approval authority which granted the original type-approval in accordance with the initial plan submitted at type-approval. Any deviation from the initial plan shall be justified to the satisfaction of the approval authority.

4.   If the approval authority which granted the original type-approval is not satisfied with the manufacturer’s reporting in accordance with Section 10 of Annex II, or has reported evidence of unsatisfactory in-service conformity, the authority may order the manufacturer to run a test for confirmatory purposes. The approval authority shall examine the confirmatory test report supplied by the manufacturer.

5.   Where the approval authority which granted the original type-approval is not satisfied with the results of in-service tests or confirmatory tests in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II, or based on in-service testing conducted by a Member State, it shall require the manufacturer to submit a plan of remedial measures to remedy the non-conformity in accordance with Article 13 and Section 9 of Annex II.

6.   Any Member State may conduct and report its own surveillance testing, based on the in-service conformity testing procedure set out in Annex II. Information on the procurement, maintenance, and manufacturer’s participation in the activities shall be recorded. On request by an approval authority the approval authority that granted the original type-approval shall provide the necessary information about the type-approval to enable testing in accordance with the procedure set out in Annex II.

7.   If a Member State demonstrates that an engine or vehicle type does not conform to the applicable requirements of this Article and Annex II, it shall notify through its own approval authority without delay the approval authority which granted the original type-approval in accordance with the requirements of Article 30(3) of Directive 2007/46/EC.

Following that notification and subject to the provision of Article 30(6) of Directive 2007/46/EC, the approval authority of the Member State which granted the original type-approval shall promptly inform the manufacturer that an engine or vehicle type fails to satisfy the requirements of these provisions.

8.   Following the notification referred to in paragraph 7 and in cases where earlier in-service conformity testing showed conformity, the approval authority which granted the original type-approval may require the manufacturer to perform additional confirmatory tests after consultation with the experts of the Member State that reported the failing vehicle.

If no such test data is available, the manufacturer shall, within 60 working days after receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 7, either submit to the approval authority which granted the original type-approval a plan of remedial measures in accordance with Article 13 or perform additional in-service conformity testing with an equivalent vehicle to verify whether the engine or vehicle type fails the requirements. In the case where the manufacturer can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the approval authority that further time is required to perform additional testing, an extension may be granted.

9.   Experts of the Member State that reported the failing engine or vehicle type in accordance with paragraph 7 shall be invited to witness the additional in-service conformity tests referred to in paragraph 8. Additionally, the results of the tests shall be reported to that Member State and the approval authorities.

If these in-service conformity tests or confirmatory tests confirm the non-conformance of the engine or vehicle type, the approval authority shall require the manufacturer to submit a plan of remedial measures to remedy the non-conformity. The plan of remedial measures shall comply with the provisions of Article 13 and Section 9 of Annex II.

If those in-service conformity tests or confirmatory tests show conformity the manufacturer shall submit a report to the approval authority which granted the original type-approval. The report shall be submitted by the approval authority which granted the original type-approval to the Member State that reported the failing vehicle type and the approval authorities. It shall contain the test results according to Section 10 of Annex II.

10.   The approval authority which granted the original type-approval shall keep the Member State which had established that the engine or vehicle type did not conform to the applicable requirements informed of the progress and results of the discussions with the manufacturer, the verification tests and the remedial measures.

Article 13

Remedial measures

1.   On request of the approval authority and following in-service testing in accordance with Article 12 the manufacturer shall submit the plan of remedial measures to the approval authority no later than 60 working days after receipt of the notification from the approval authority. Where the manufacturer can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the approval authority that further time is required to investigate the reason for the non-compliance in order to submit a plan of remedial measures, an extension may be granted.

2.   The remedial measures shall apply to all engines in service belonging to the same engine families or OBD engine families and be extended also to engine families or OBD engine families which are likely to be affected with the same defects. The need to amend the type-approval documents shall be assessed by the manufacturer and the result reported to the approval authority.

3.   The approval authority shall consult the manufacturer in order to secure agreement on a plan of remedial measures and on executing the plan. If the approval authority which granted the original type-approval establishes that no agreement can be reached, the procedure set out in Article 30(1) and 30(5) of Directive 2007/46/EC shall be initiated.

4.   The approval authority shall within 30 working days from the date on which it has received the plan of remedial measures from the manufacturer, approve or reject the plan of remedial measures. The approval authority shall within the same time also notify the manufacturer and all Member States of its decision to approve or reject the plan of remedial measures.

5.   The manufacturer shall be responsible for the execution of the approved plan of remedial measures.

6.   The manufacturer shall keep a record of every engine system or vehicle recalled and repaired or modified and of the workshop which performed the repair. The approval authority shall have access to that record on request during the execution and for a period of 5 years after the completion of the execution of the plan.

7.   Any repair or modification referred to in paragraph 6 shall be recorded in a certificate supplied by the manufacturer to the owner of the engine or vehicle.

Article 14

Requirements to limit off-cycle emissions

1.   The manufacturer shall take all necessary measures, in accordance with this Regulation and Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, so as to ensure that the tailpipe emissions are effectively limited throughout the normal life of the vehicle and under all normal conditions of use.

Those measures shall take the following into account:

(a)

the general requirements including the performance requirements and the prohibition of defeat strategies;

(b)

the requirements to effectively limit the tailpipe emissions under the range of ambient conditions under which the vehicle may be expected to operate, and under the range of operating conditions that may be encountered;

(c)

the requirements with respect to off-cycle laboratory testing at type-approval;

(d)

any additional requirements with respect to off-cycle in-use vehicle testing, as provided for in this Regulation;

(e)

the requirement for the manufacturer to provide a statement of compliance with the requirements limiting off-cycle emissions.

2.   The manufacturer shall fulfil the specific requirements, together with the associated test procedures, set out in Annex VI.

3.   Any additional requirements with respect to off-cycle in-use vehicle testing referred to in point (d) of paragraph 1 shall be introduced after the assessment of the PEMS procedures set out in Annex II. The assessment shall be finalised by 31 December 2014.

Article 15

Pollution control devices

1.   The manufacturer shall ensure that replacement pollution control devices intended to be fitted to EC type-approved engine systems or vehicles covered by Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 are EC type-approved, as separate technical units in accordance with the requirements of this Article and of Articles 16 and 17.

Catalytic converters, deNOx devices and particulate filters shall be considered to be pollution control devices for the purposes of this Regulation.

2.   Original replacement pollution control devices, which fall within the type covered by point 3.2.12 of Appendix 4 to Annex I and are intended for fitment to a vehicle to which the relevant type-approval document refers, do not need to comply with all provisions of Annex XI provided that they fulfil the requirements of points 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3 of that Annex.

3.   The manufacturer shall ensure that the original pollution control device carries identification markings.

4.   The identification markings referred to in paragraph 3 shall comprise the following:

(a)

the vehicle or engine manufacturer's name or trade mark;

(b)

the make and identifying part number of the original pollution control device as recorded in the information referred to in point 3.2.12.2 of Appendix 4 to Annex I.

5.   Replacement pollution control devices shall only be type-approved according to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and this Regulation once the specific testing requirements are introduced in Annex XI to this Regulation.

Article 16

Application for EC type-approval of a type of replacement pollution control device as a separate technical unit

1.   The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a type of replacement pollution control device as a separate technical unit.

2.   The application shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

3.   The manufacturer shall submit a statement of compliance with the requirements on access to OBD and repair and maintenance information.

4.   The manufacturer shall submit to the technical service responsible for the type-approval test the following:

(a)

an engine system or engine systems of a type-approved in accordance with this Regulation equipped with a new original equipment pollution control device;

(b)

one sample of the type of the replacement pollution control device;

(c)

an additional sample of the type of the replacement pollution control device, in the case of a replacement pollution control device intended to be fitted to a vehicle equipped with an OBD system.

5.   For the purposes of point (a) of paragraph 4, the test engines shall be selected by the applicant with the agreement of the approval authority.

The test conditions shall comply with the requirements set out in Section 6 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

The test engines shall respect the following requirements:

(a)

they shall have no emission control system defects;

(b)

any malfunctioning or excessively worn emission-related original part shall be repaired or replaced;

(c)

they shall be tuned properly and set to the manufacturer's specification prior to emission testing.

6.   For the purposes of points (b) and (c) of paragraph 4, the sample shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the applicant's trade name or mark and its commercial designation.

7.   For the purposes of point (c) of paragraph 4, the sample shall be a qualified deteriorated component.

Article 17

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of replacement pollution control device as separate technical unit

1.   If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval for replacement pollution control devices as separate technical units and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

The approval authority shall not assign the same number to another replacement pollution control device type.

The same type-approval number may cover the use of that replacement pollution control device type on a number of different vehicle or engine types.

2.   For the purposes of paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate established in accordance with the model set out in Appendix 2 to Annex XI.

3.   If the manufacturer is able to demonstrate to the approval authority that the replacement pollution control device is of a type referred to in point 3.2.12.2 of Appendix 4 to Annex I, the granting of a type-approval shall not be dependent on verification of compliance with the requirements set out in Section 4 of Annex XI.

Article 18

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 is amended in accordance with Annex XV to this Regulation.

Article 19

Amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC

Directive 2007/46/EC is amended in accordance with Annex XVI to this Regulation.

Article 20

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 25 May 2011.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO


(1)  OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.

(3)  OJ L 229, 31.8.2010, p. 1.

(4)  OJ L 275, 20.10.2005, p. 1.


LIST OF ANNEXES

ANNEX I

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval

Appendix 1

Procedure for production conformity testing when standard deviation is satisfactory

Appendix 2

Procedure for production conformity testing when standard deviation is unsatisfactory or unavailable

Appendix 3

Procedure for production conformity testing at manufacturer's request

Appendix 4

Models of information document

Appendix 5

Models of EC type-approval certificate of an engine type/component as separate technical unit

Appendix 6

Models of EC type-approval certificate of a type of a vehicle with an approved engine

Appendix 7

Models of EC type-approval certificate of a type of a vehicle with regard to a system

Appendix 8

Example of the EC type-approval mark

Appendix 9

EC Type-Approval Certification Numbering System

Appendix 10

Explanatory notes

ANNEX II

Conformity of in-service engines or vehicles

Appendix 1

Test procedure for vehicle emissions testing with portable emissions measurement systems

Appendix 2

Portable measurement equipment

Appendix 3

Calibration of portable measurement equipment

Appendix 4

Method to check the conformity of the ECU torque signal

ANNEX III

Verifying exhaust emissions

Appendix 1

Procedure for the measurement of ammonia

Appendix 2

Determination of emissions from positive-ignition engines fuelled with petrol or E85

ANNEX IV

Emissions data required at type-approval for roadworthiness purposes

ANNEX V

Verifying emissions of crankcase gases

ANNEX VI

Requirements to limit off-cycle emissions (OCE) and in-use emissions

ANNEX VII

Verifying the durability of engine systems

ANNEX VIII

CO2 emissions and fuel consumption

Appendix 1

Provisions on CO2 emissions and fuel consumption for extension of an EC type-approval for a vehicle type-approved under Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and this Regulation with a reference mass exceeding 2 380 kg but not exceeding 2 610 kg

ANNEX IX

Specifications of reference fuels

ANNEX X

On-board diagnostics (OBD)

Appendix 1

Additional monitoring requirements

Appendix 2

Performance monitoring

Appendix 3

Demonstration requirements in case of performance monitoring of a wall-flow diesel particulate filter

Appendix 4

Assessment of the in-use performance of the on-board diagnostic system

Appendix 5

Assessment of the in-use performance of the on-board diagnostic system during the phase-in period

Appendix 6

Model of an OBD in-use performance compliance statement

ANNEX XI

EC type-approval of replacement pollution control devices as separate technical unit

Appendix 1

Model information document

Appendix 2

Model EC type-approval certificate

Appendix 3

Ageing procedure for evaluation of durability

ANNEX XII

Conformity of in-service engines and vehicles type-approved under Directive 2005/55/EC

ANNEX XIII

Requirements to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

Appendix 1

Demonstration requirements

Appendix 2

Description of the driver warning and inducement activation and deactivation mechanisms

Appendix 3

Low-level inducement torque reduction scheme

Appendix 4

Demonstration of correct installation on a vehicle in the case of engines EC type-approved as a separate technical unit

Appendix 5

Access to NOx control information

Appendix 6

Demonstration of the minimum acceptable reagent concentration CDmin

ANNEX XIV

Measurement of net engine power

ANNEX XV

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

ANNEX XVI

Amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC

ANNEX I

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FOR EC TYPE-APPROVAL

1.   REQUIREMENTS ON FUEL RANGE

1.1.   Requirements on universal fuel range type-approval

A universal fuel range approval shall be granted subject to the requirements specified in points 1.1.1 to 1.1.6.1.

1.1.1.

The parent engine shall meet the requirements of this Regulation on the appropriate reference fuels specified in Annex IX. Specific requirements shall apply to natural gas fuelled engines, as laid down in point 1.1.3.

1.1.2.

If the manufacturer permits to operate the engine family to run on market fuels not included in Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (1) and the EN 228 CEN standards in the case of unleaded petrol and EN 590 CEN standard in the case of diesel, such as running on B100, the manufacturer shall, in addition to the requirements in point 1.1.1:

(a)

declare the fuels the engine family is capable to run on in point 3.2.2.2.1 of Part 1 of Appendix 4;

(b)

demonstrate the capability of the parent engine to meet the requirements of this Regulation on the fuels declared;

(c)

be liable to meet the requirements of in-service conformity specified in Annex II on the fuels declared including any blend between the declared fuels and the market fuels included in Directive 98/70/EC and the relevant CEN standards.

1.1.3.

In the case of a natural gas fuelled engine the manufacturer shall demonstrate the parent engines capability to adapt to any fuel composition that may occur on the market within the European Union.

In the case of natural gas there are generally two types of fuel, high calorific fuel (H-gas) and low calorific fuel (L-gas), but with a significant spread within both ranges; they differ significantly in their energy content expressed by the Wobbe Index and in their λ-shift factor (Sλ). Natural gases with a λ-shift factor between 0,89 and 1,08 (0,89 ≤ Sλ ≤ 1,08) are considered to belong to H-range, while natural gases with a λ-shift factor between 1,08 and 1,19 (1,08 ≤ Sλ ≤ 1,19) are considered to belong to L-range. The composition of the reference fuels reflects the extreme variations of Sλ.

The parent engine shall meet the requirements of this Regulation on the reference fuels GR (fuel 1) and G25 (fuel 2), as specified in Annex IX, without any readjustment to the fuelling between the two tests. One adaptation run over one WHTC hot cycle without measurement is permitted after the change of the fuel. After the adaptation run the engine shall be cooled down in accordance with Section 7.6.1 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

1.1.3.1.

At the manufacturer's request the engine may be tested on a third fuel (fuel 3) if the λ-shift factor (Sλ) lies between 0,89 (that is the lower range of GR) and 1,19 (that is the upper range of G25), for example when fuel 3 is a market fuel. The results of this test may be used as a basis for the evaluation of the conformity of the production.

1.1.4.

In the case of an engine fuelled with natural gas which is self adaptive for the range of H-gases on the one hand and the range of L-gases on the other hand, and which switches between the H-range and the L-range by means of a switch, the parent engine shall be tested on the relevant reference fuel as specified in Annex IX for each range, at each position of the switch. The fuels are GR (fuel 1) and G23 (fuel 3) for the H-range of gases and G25 (fuel 2) and G23 (fuel 3) for the L-range of gases. The parent engine shall meet the requirements of this Regulation at both positions of the switch without any readjustment to the fuelling between the two tests at each position of the switch. One adaptation run over one WHTC hot cycle without measurement is permitted after the change of the fuel. After the adaptation run the engine shall be cooled down in accordance with Section 7.6.1 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

1.1.4.1.

At the manufacturer's request the engine may be tested on a third fuel instead of G23 (fuel 3) if the λ-shift factor (Sλ) lies between 0,89 (that is the lower range of GR) and 1,19 (that is the upper range of G25), for example when fuel 3 is a market fuel. The results of this test may be used as a basis for the evaluation of the conformity of the production.

1.1.5.

In the case of natural gas engines, the ratio of the emission results ‘r’ shall be determined for each pollutant as follows:

Formula

, or

Formula

, and

Formula

1.1.6.

In the case of LPG the manufacturer shall demonstrate the parent engines capability to adapt to any fuel composition that may occur across the market.

In the case of LPG there are variations in C3/C4 composition. These variations are reflected in the reference fuels. The parent engine shall meet the emission requirements on the reference fuels A and B as specified in Annex IX without any readjustment to the fuelling between the two tests. One adaptation run over one WHTC hot cycle without measurement is permitted after the change of the fuel. After the adaptation run the engine shall be cooled down in accordance with Section 7.6.1 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

1.1.6.1.

The ratio of emission results ‘r’ shall be determined for each pollutant as follows:

Formula

1.2.   Requirements on restricted fuel range type-approval in case of positive-ignition engines fuelled with natural gas or LPG

Fuel range restricted approval shall be granted subject to the requirements specified in points 1.2.1 to 1.2.2.3.

1.2.1.

Exhaust emissions type-approval of an engine running on natural gas and laid out for operation on either the range of H-gases or on the range of L-gases.

The parent engine shall be tested on the relevant reference fuel, as specified in Annex IX, for the relevant range. The fuels are GR (fuel 1) and G23 (fuel 3) for the H-range of gases and G25 (fuel 2) and G23 (fuel 3) for the L-range of gases. The parent engine shall meet the requirements of this Regulation without any readjustment to the fuelling between the two tests. One adaptation run over one WHTC hot cycle without measurement is permitted after the change of the fuel. After the adaptation run the engine shall be cooled down in accordance with Section 7.6.1 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

1.2.1.1.

At the manufacturer's request the engine may be tested on a third fuel instead of G23 (fuel 3) if the λ-shift factor (Sλ) lies between 0,89 (that is the lower range of GR) and 1,19 (that is the upper range of G25), for example when fuel 3 is a market fuel. The results of this test may be used as a basis for the evaluation of the conformity of the production.

1.2.1.2.

The ratio of emission results ‘r’ shall be determined for each pollutant as follows:

Formula

, or

Formula

, and

Formula

1.2.1.3.

On delivery to the customer the engine shall bear a label as specified in Section 3.3 stating for which range of gases the engine is approved.

1.2.2.

Exhaust emissions type-approval of an engine running on natural gas or LPG and designed for operation on one specific fuel composition.

The parent engine shall meet the emission requirements on the reference fuels GR and G25 in the case of natural gas, or the reference fuels A and B in the case of LPG, as specified in Annex IX. Fine tuning of the fuelling system is allowed between the tests. This fine tuning will consist of a recalibration of the fuelling database, without any alteration to either the basic control strategy or the basic structure of the database. If necessary the exchange of parts that are directly related to the amount of fuel flow such as injector nozzles is allowed.

1.2.2.1.

At the manufacturer's request the engine may be tested on the reference fuels GR and G23, or on the reference fuels G25 and G23, in which case the type-approval is only valid for the H-range or the L-range of gases respectively.

1.2.2.2.

On delivery to the customer the engine shall bear a label as specified in Section 3.3 stating for which fuel composition the engine has been calibrated.

2.   EXHAUST EMISSIONS TYPE-APPROVAL OF A MEMBER OF A FAMILY

2.1.

With the exception of the case mentioned in point 2.2, the type-approval of a parent engine shall be extended to all family members, without further testing, for any fuel composition within the range for which the parent engine has been approved (in the case of engines described in point 1.2.2) or the same range of fuels (in the case of engines described in either point 1.1 or 1.2) for which the parent engine has been type-approved.

2.2.

If the technical service determines that, with regard to the selected parent engine the submitted application does not fully represent the engine family defined in Part 1 of Appendix 4, an alternative and if necessary an additional reference test engine may be selected by the technical service and tested.

3.   ENGINE MARKINGS

3.1.   In the case of an engine type approved as a separate technical unit or a vehicle type approved with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the engine shall bear:

(a)

the trademark or trade name of the manufacturer of the engine;

(b)

the manufacturer's commercial description of the engine;

(c)

in case of an NG engine one of the following markings to be placed after the EC type-approval mark:

(i)

H in case of the engine being approved and calibrated for the H-range of gases;

(ii)

L in case of the engine being approved and calibrated for the L-range of gases;

(iii)

HL in case of the engine being approved and calibrated for both the H-range and L-range of gases;

(iv)

Ht in case of the engine being approved and calibrated for a specific gas composition in the H-range of gases and transformable to another specific gas in the H-range of gases by fine tuning of the engine fuelling;

(v)

Lt in case of the engine being approved and calibrated for a specific gas composition in the L-range of gases and transformable to another specific gas in the L-range of gases after fine tuning of the engine fuelling;

(vi)

HLt in the case of the engine being approved and calibrated for a specific gas composition in either the H-range or the L-range of gases and transformable to another specific gas in either the H-range or the L-range of gases by fine tuning of the engine fuelling.

3.2.   Every engine conforming to the type approved under this Regulation as a separate technical unit shall bear an EC type-approval mark. This mark shall consist of:

3.2.1.

A rectangle surrounding the lower-case letter ‘e’ followed by the distinguishing number of the Member State which has granted the EC separate technical unit type-approval:

1

for Germany

2

for France

3

for Italy

4

for the Netherlands

5

for Sweden

6

for Belgium

7

for Hungary

8

for the Czech Republic

9

for Spain

11

for the United Kingdom

12

for Austria

13

for Luxembourg

17

for Finland

18

for Denmark

19

for Romania

20

for Poland

21

for Portugal

23

for Greece

24

for Ireland

26

for Slovenia

27

for Slovakia

29

for Estonia

32

for Latvia

34

for Bulgaria

36

for Lithuania

49

for Cyprus

50

for Malta

3.2.2.

The EC type-approval mark shall also include in the vicinity of the rectangle the ‘base approval number’ contained in Section 4 of the type-approval number referred to in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC, preceded by the two figures indicating the sequence number assigned to the latest technical amendment to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 or this Regulation on the date EC type-approval for a separate technical unit was granted. For this Regulation, the sequence number is 00.

3.2.3.

The EC type-approval mark shall be affixed to the engine in such a way as to be indelible and clearly legible. It shall be visible when the engine is installed on the vehicle and shall be affixed to a part necessary for normal engine operation and not normally requiring replacement during engine life.

3.2.4.

Appendix 8 gives examples of the EC type-approval mark.

3.3.   Labels for NG and LPG fuelled engines

In the case of NG and LPG fuelled engines with a fuel range restricted type-approval, the following labels containing information provided in point 3.3.1 shall be affixed.

3.3.1.   The following information shall be given on the label:

In the case of point 1.2.1.3, the label shall state ‘ONLY FOR USE WITH NATURAL GAS RANGE H’. If applicable, ‘H’ is replaced by ‘L’.

In the case of point 1.2.2.2, the label shall state ‘ONLY FOR USE WITH NATURAL GAS SPECIFICATION …’ or ‘ONLY FOR USE WITH LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS SPECIFICATION …’, as applicable. All the information in the appropriate table in Annex IX shall be given with the individual constituents and limits specified by the engine manufacturer.

The letters and figures shall be at least 4 mm in height.

If lack of space prevents such labelling, a simplified code may be used. In this event, explanatory notes containing all the above information shall be easily accessible to any person filling the fuel tank or performing maintenance or repair on the engine and its accessories, as well as to the authorities concerned. The site and content of these explanatory notes shall be determined by agreement between the manufacturer and the approval authority.

3.3.2.   Properties

Labels shall be durable for the useful life of the engine. Labels shall be clearly legible and their letters and figures shall be indelible. Additionally, labels shall be attached in such a manner that their fixing is durable for the useful life of the engine, and the labels cannot be removed without destroying or defacing them.

3.3.3.   Placing

Labels shall be secured to an engine part necessary for normal engine operation and not normally requiring replacement during engine life. Additionally, these labels shall be located so as to be readily visible after the engine has been completed with all the auxiliaries necessary for engine operation.

3.4.   In case of an application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with an approved engine with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information or an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the label specified in Section 3.3 shall also be placed close to the fuel filling aperture.

4.   INSTALLATION ON THE VEHICLE

4.1.   The engine installation on the vehicle shall be performed in such a way as to ensure that the type-approval requirements are met. The following characteristics in respect to the type-approval of the engine shall be taken into consideration:

4.1.1.

Intake depression shall not exceed that declared for the engine type-approval in Part 1 of Appendix 4;

4.1.2.

Exhaust back pressure shall not exceed that declared for the engine type-approval in Part 1 of Appendix 4;

4.1.3.

Power absorbed by the auxiliaries needed for operating the engine shall not exceed that declared for the engine type-approval in Part 1 of Appendix 4;

4.1.4.

The characteristics of the exhaust after-treatment system shall be in accordance with those declared for the engine type-approval in Part 1 of Appendix 4.

4.2.   Installation of a type-approved engine on a vehicle

The installation of an engine type approved as a separate technical unit on a vehicle shall, in addition, comply with the following requirements:

(a)

as regard the compliance of the OBD system, the installation shall, according to Appendix 1 of Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, meet the manufacturer's installation requirements as specified in Part 1 of Appendix 4;

(b)

as regard the compliance of the system ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures, the installation shall, according to Appendix 4 of Annex XIII, meet the manufacturer's installation requirements as specified in Part 1 of Appendix 4.

4.3.   Inlet to fuel tanks in the case of a petrol or E85 fuelled engine

4.3.1.

The inlet orifice of the petrol or E85 tank shall be designed so it prevents the tank from being filled from a fuel pump delivery nozzle that has an external diameter of 23,6 mm or greater.

4.3.2.

Point 4.3.1 shall not apply to a vehicle for which both of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a)

the vehicle is designed and constructed so that no device designed to control the emission of gaseous pollutants is adversely affected by leaded petrol;

(b)

the vehicle is conspicuously, legibly and indelibly marked with the symbol for unleaded petrol specified in ISO 2575:2004 in a position immediately visible to a person filling the fuel tank. Additional marking are permitted.

4.3.3.

Provision shall be made to prevent excess evaporative emissions and fuel spillage caused by a missing fuel filler cap. This may be achieved by using one of the following:

(a)

an automatically opening and closing, non-removable fuel filler cap;

(b)

design features which avoid excess evaporative emissions in the case of a missing fuel filler cap;

(c)

or in case of M1 or N1 vehicles, any other provision which has the same affect. Examples may include, but are not limited to, a tethered filler cap, a chained filler cap or one utilising the same locking key for the filler cap as for the vehicle’s ignition. In this case the key shall be removable from the filler cap only in the locked condition.

5.   REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS FOR IN-SERVICE TESTING

5.1.   Introduction

This Section sets out the specifications and tests of the ECU data at type-approval for the purpose of in-service testing.

5.2.   General Requirements

5.2.1

For the purpose of in-service testing, the calculated load (engine torque as a percentage of maximum torque and the maximum torque available at the current engine speed), the engine speed, the engine coolant temperature, the instantaneous fuel consumption, and the reference maximum engine torque as a function of engine speed shall be made available by the OBD system in real time and at a frequency of at least 1 Hz, as mandatory data stream information.

5.2.2.

The output torque may be estimated by the ECU using built-in algorithms to calculate the produced internal torque and the friction torque.

5.2.3

The engine torque in Nm resulting from the above data stream information shall permit a direct comparison with the values measured when determining the engine power according to Annex XIV. In particular, any eventual corrections as regards auxiliaries shall be included in the above data stream information.

5.2.4.

Access to the information required in point 5.2.1 shall be provided in accordance with the requirements set out in Annex X and with the standards referred to in Appendix 6 to Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

5.2.5.

The average load at each operating condition in Nm calculated from the information requested in point 5.2.1 shall not differ from the average measured load at that operating condition by more than:

(a)

7 % when determining the engine power according to Annex XIV;

(b)

10 % when performing the World Harmonised Steady state Cycle (hereinafter ‘WHSC’) test according to Annex III.

The UN/ECE Regulation No 85 (2) allows the actual maximum load of the engine to differ from the reference maximum load by 5 % in order to address the manufacturing process variability. This tolerance is taken into account in the above values.

5.2.6.

External access to the information required in point 5.2.1 shall not influence the vehicle emissions or performance.

5.3.   Verification of the availability and conformity of the ECU information required for in-service testing

5.3.1.

The availability of the data stream information required in point 5.2.1 according to the requirements set out in point 5.2.2 shall be demonstrated by using an external OBD scan-tool as described in Annex X.

5.3.2.

In the case where this information cannot be retrieved in a proper manner, using a scan-tool that is working properly, the engine is considered as non-compliant.

5.3.3.

The conformity of the ECU torque signal to the requirements of points 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 shall be demonstrated when determining the engine power according to Annex XIV and when performing the WHSC test according to Annex III.

5.3.4.

In the case where the engine under test does not match the requirements set out in Annex XIV concerning auxiliaries, the measured torque shall be corrected in accordance to the correction method set out in Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

5.3.5.

The conformity of the ECU torque signal is considered to be demonstrated if the torque signal remains within the tolerances set out in point 5.2.5.

6.   ENGINE FAMILY

6.1.   Parameters defining the engine family

The engine family, as determined by the engine manufacturer, shall comply with Section 5.2 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

6.2.   Choice of the parent engine

The parent engine of the family shall be selected in accordance with the requirements set out in point 5.2.4 of Annex 4B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

6.3.   Parameters for defining an OBD engine family

The OBD engine family shall be determined by basic design parameters that shall be common to engine systems within the family in accordance with Section 6.1 of Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

7.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

7.1.   General requirements

Measures to ensure conformity of production shall be taken in accordance with Article 12 of Directive 2007/46/EC. Conformity of production shall be checked on the basis of the description in the type-approval certificates set out in Appendix 4 to this Annex. In applying Appendices 1, 2 or 3, the measured emission of the gaseous and particulate pollutants from engines subject to checking for conformity of production shall be adjusted by application of the appropriate deterioration factors (DF’s) for that engine as recorded in the Addendum to the EC type-approval certificate granted in accordance with this Regulation.

The provisions of Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC shall be applicable where the approval authorities are not satisfied with the auditing procedure of the manufacturer.

All engines subject to tests shall be randomly taken from the series production.

7.2.   Emissions of pollutants

7.2.1.

If emissions of pollutants are to be measured and an engine type-approval has had one or more extensions, the tests shall be carried out on the engines described in the information package relating to the relevant extension.

7.2.2.

Conformity of the engine subjected to a pollutant test:

After submission of the engine to the authorities, the manufacturer may not carry out any adjustment to the engines selected.

7.2.2.1.

Three engines shall be taken from the series production of the engines under consideration. Engines shall be subjected to testing on the WHTC, and on the WHSC if applicable, for the checking of the production conformity. The limit values shall be those set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

7.2.2.2.

Where the approval authority is satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the manufacturer in accordance with Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC, the tests shall be carried out according to Appendix 1 to this Annex.

Where the approval authority is not satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the manufacturer in accordance with Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC, the tests shall be carried out according to Appendix 2 to this Annex.

At the manufacturer’s request, the tests may be carried out in accordance with Appendix 3 to this Annex.

7.2.2.3.

On the basis of tests of the engine by sampling as set out in point 7.2.2.2, the series production of the engines under consideration is regarded as conforming where a pass decision is reached for all the pollutants and as non-conforming where a fail decision is reached for one pollutant, in accordance with the test criteria applied in the appropriate Appendix.

When a pass decision has been reached for one pollutant, this decision may not be changed as a consequence of a result from any additional tests made in order to reach a decision for the other pollutants.

If a pass decision is not reached for all the pollutants and if no fail decision is reached for any pollutant, a test is carried out on another engine (see Figure 1).

If no decision is reached, the manufacturer may at any time decide to stop testing. In that case a fail decision is recorded.

Figure 1

Schematic of production conformity testing

Image

7.2.3.

The tests shall be carried out on newly manufactured engines.

7.2.3.1.

At the request of the manufacturer, the tests may be carried out on engines which have been run-in up to a maximum of 125 hours. In this case, the running-in procedure shall be conducted by the manufacturer who shall undertake not to make any adjustments to those engines.

7.2.3.2.

When the manufacturer requests to conduct a running-in procedure in accordance with point 7.2.3.1, it may be carried out on either of the following:

(a)

all the engines that are tested;

(b)

the first engine tested, with the determination of an evolution coefficient as follows:

(i)

the pollutant emissions shall be measured both on the newly manufactured engine and before the maximum of 125 hours set in point 7.2.3.1 on the first engine tested;

(ii)

the evolution coefficient of the emissions between the two tests shall be calculated for each pollutant:

 

Emissions on second test/Emissions first test

 

The evolution coefficient may have a value less than one.

The subsequent test engines shall not be subjected to the running-in procedure, but their emissions when newly manufactured shall be modified by the evolution coefficient.

In this case, the values to be taken shall be the following:

(a)

for the first engine, the values from the second test;

(b)

for the other engines, the values when newly manufactured multiplied by the evolution coefficient.

7.2.3.3.

For diesel, ethanol (ED95), petrol, E85 and LPG fuelled engines, all these tests may be conducted with the applicable market fuels. However, at the manufacturer’s request, the reference fuels described in Annex IX may be used. This implies tests, as described in Section 1 of this Annex, with at least two of the reference fuels for each gas engine.

7.2.3.4.

For NG fuelled engines, all these tests may be conducted with market fuel in the following way:

(a)

for H marked engines with a market fuel within the H-range (0,89 ≤ Sλ ≤ 1,00);

(b)

for L marked engines with a market fuel within the L-range (1,00 ≤ Sλ ≤ 1,19);

(c)

for HL marked engines with a market fuel within the extreme range of the λ-shift factor (0,89 ≤ Sλ ≤ 1,19).

However, at the manufacturer’s request, the reference fuels described in Annex IX may be used. This implies tests as described in Section 1 of this Annex.

7.2.3.5.

In the case of dispute caused by the non-compliance of gas fuelled engines when using a market fuel, the tests shall be performed with a reference fuel on which the parent engine has been tested, or with the possible additional fuel 3 as referred to in points 1.1.4.1 and 1.2.1.1 on which the parent engine may have been tested. Then, the result shall be converted by a calculation applying the relevant factors ‘r’, ‘ra’ or ‘rb’ as described in points 1.1.5, 1.1.6.1 and 1.2.1.2. If r, ra or rb is less than 1, no correction shall take place. The measured results and the calculated results shall demonstrate that the engine meets the limit values with all relevant fuels (fuels 1, 2 and, if applicable, fuel 3 in the case of natural gas engines and fuels A and B in the case of LPG engines).

7.2.3.6.

Tests for conformity of production of a gas fuelled engine laid out for operation on one specific fuel composition shall be performed on the fuel for which the engine has been calibrated.

7.3.   On-board diagnostics (OBD)

7.3.1.

When the approval authority determines that the quality of production seems unsatisfactory it may request a verification of the conformity of production of the OBD system. Such verification shall be carried out in accordance with the following:

An engine shall be randomly taken from series production and subjected to the tests described in Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49. The tests may be carried out on an engine that has been run-in up to a maximum of 125 hours.

7.3.2.

The production is deemed to conform if this engine meets the requirements of the tests described in Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

7.3.3.

If the engine taken from the series production does not satisfy the requirements of point 7.3.1, a further random sample of four engines shall be taken from the series production and subjected to the tests described in Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49. The tests may be carried out on engines that have been run-in up to a maximum of 125 hours.

7.3.4.

The production is deemed to conform if at least three engines out of the further random sample of four engines meet the requirements of the tests described in Annex 9B to UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

7.4.   ECU information required for in-service testing

7.4.1.

The availability of the data stream information requested in point 5.2.1 according to the requirements of point 5.2.2 shall be demonstrated by using an external OBD scan-tool as described in Annex X.

7.4.2.

In the case where this information cannot be retrieved in a proper manner while the scan-tool is working properly according to Annex X, the engine shall be considered as non-compliant.

7.4.3.

The conformity of the ECU torque signal with the requirements of points 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 shall be demonstrated by performing the WHSC test according to Annex III.

7.4.4.

In the case where the test equipment does not match the requirements specified in Annex XIV concerning auxiliaries, the measured torque shall be corrected in accordance to the correction method set out in Annex 4B of UN/ECE Regulation No 49.

7.4.5.

The conformity of the ECU torque signal shall be considered sufficient if the calculated torque remains within the tolerances specified in point 5.2.5.

7.4.6.

The availability and conformity checks of the ECU information required for in-service testing shall be performed by the manufacturer on a regular basis on each produced engine type within each produced engine family.

7.4.7.

The results of the manufacturer’s survey shall be made available to the approval authority at its request.

7.4.8.

At the request of the approval authority, the manufacturer shall demonstrate the availability or the conformity of the ECU information in serial production by performing the appropriate testing referred to in points 7.4.1 to 7.4.4 on a sample of engines selected from the same engine type. The sampling rules including sampling size and statistical pass-fail criteria shall be those specified in this Annex for checking the conformity of emissions.

8.   DOCUMENTATION

8.1.

The documentation package required by Articles 5, 7 and 9 enabling the approval authority to evaluate the emission control strategies and the systems on-board the vehicle and engine to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures shall be made available in the two following parts:

(a)

the ‘formal documentation package’ that may be made available to interested parties upon request;

(b)

the ‘extended documentation package’ that shall remain strictly confidential.

8.2.

The formal documentation package may be brief, provided that it exhibits evidence that all outputs permitted by a matrix obtained from the range of control of the individual unit inputs have been identified. The documentation shall describe the functional operation of the inducement system required by Annex XIII, including the parameters necessary for retrieving the information associated with that system. This material shall be retained by the approval authority.

8.3.

The extended documentation package shall include information on the operation of all AES and BES, including a description of the parameters that are modified by any AES and the boundary conditions under which the AES operate, and indication of which AES and BES are likely to be active under the conditions of the test procedures set out in Annex VI. The extended documentation package shall include a description of the fuel system control logic, timing strategies and switch points during all modes of operation. It shall also include a full description of the inducement system required in Annex XIII, including the associated monitoring strategies.

8.3.1.

The extended documentation package shall remain strictly confidential. It may be kept by the approval authority, or, at the discretion of the approval authority, may be retained by the manufacturer. In the case the manufacturer retains the documentation package, that package shall be identified and dated by the approval authority once reviewed and approved. It shall be made open for inspection by the approval authority at the time of approval or at any time during the validity of the approval.


(1)  OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 58.

(2)  OJ L 326, 24.11.2006, p. 55.

Appendix 1

Procedure for production conformity testing when standard deviation is satisfactory

1.

This Appendix describes the procedure to be used to verify production conformity for the emissions of pollutants when the manufacturer's production standard deviation is satisfactory. The applicable procedure shall be the one set out in Appendix 1 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, with the following exceptions:

1.1.

In Section 3 of Appendix 1 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49 the reference to Section 5.2.1 of that Appendix shall be understood as reference to the table of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

1.2.

In Section 3 of Appendix 1 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, the reference to Figure 2 shall be understood as reference to Figure 1 of Annex I to this Regulation.

Appendix 2

Procedure for production conformity testing when standard deviation is unsatisfactory or unavailable

1.

This Appendix describes the procedure to be used to verify production conformity for the emissions of pollutants when the manufacturer's production standard deviation is either unsatisfactory or unavailable. The applicable procedure shall be the one set out in Appendix 2 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, with the following exceptions:

1.1.

In Section 3 of Appendix 2 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, the reference to Section 5.2.1 of that Appendix shall be understood as reference to the table of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

Appendix 3

Procedure for production conformity testing at manufacturer’s request

1.

This Appendix describes the procedure to be used to verify, at the manufacturer's request, production conformity for the emissions of pollutants. The applicable procedure shall be the one set out in Appendix 3 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, with the following exceptions:

1.1.

In Section 3 of Appendix 3 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49 the reference to Section 5.2.1 of that Appendix shall be understood as reference to the table of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

1.2.

In Section 3 of Appendix 3 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, the reference to Figure 2 shall be understood as reference to Figure 1 of Annex I to this Regulation.

1.3.

In Section 5 of Appendix 3 to UN/ECE Regulation No 49, the reference to Section 8.3.1 shall be understood as reference to point 7.2.2 of this Annex.

Appendix 4

Models of information document

relating to:

 

EC type-approval of an engine or engine family as a separate technical unit,

 

EC type-approval of vehicle with an approved engine with regard to emission and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information,

 

EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

The following information shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4 format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.

If the systems, components or separate technical units referred to in this Appendix have electronic controls, information concerning their performance shall be supplied.

Explanatory notes (regarding filling in the table):

Letters A, B, C, D, E corresponding to engine family members shall be replaced by the actual engine family members’ names.

In case when for a certain engine characteristic same value/description applies for all engine family members the cells corresponding to A-E shall be merged.

In case the family consists of more than five members new columns may be added.

In the case of application for EC type-approval of an engine or engine family as a separate technical unit the general part and Part 1 shall be filled in.

In the case of application for EC type-approval of vehicle with an approved engine with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information the general part and Part 2 shall be filled in.

In the case of application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information the general part and Parts 1 and 2 shall be filled in.

Explanatory footnotes can be found in Appendix 10 to this Annex.

 

 

Parent Engine or Engine Type

Engine Family Members

A

B

C

D

E

0.

GENERAL

0.l.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

 

0.2.

Type

 

0.2.0.3.

Engine type as separate technical unit/engine family as separate technical unit/vehicle with an approved engine with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information/vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (1)

 

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s) (if available):

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the separate technical unit (b):

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.5.

Name and address of manufacturer:

 

0.7.

In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the EC approval mark:

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.8.

Name(s) and address (es) of assembly plant(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.9.

Name and address of the manufacturer’s representative (if any):

 

Part 1

:

ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE (PARENT) ENGINE AND THE ENGINE TYPES WITHIN AN ENGINE FAMILY

Part 2

:

ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS WITH REGARD TO EXHAUST-EMISSIONS

Appendix to information document: Information on test conditions

PHOTOGRAPHS AND/OR DRAWINGS OF THE PARENT ENGINE, ENGINE TYPE AND, IF APPLICABLE, OF THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT.

LIST FURTHER ATTACHMENTS IF ANY.

DATE, FILE

PART 1

ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE (PARENT) ENGINE AND THE ENGINE TYPES WITHIN AN ENGINE FAMILY

 

 

Parent Engine or Engine Type

Engine Family Members

A

B

C

D

E

3.2.

Internal combustion engine

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.

Specific engine information

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.1.

Working principle: positive ignition/compression ignition (1)

Cycle four stroke/two stroke/rotary (1):

 

3.2.1.2.

Number and arrangement of cylinders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.2.1.

Bore (l) mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.2.2.

Stroke (l) mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.2.3.

Firing order

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.3.

Engine capacity (m) cm3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.4.

Volumetric compression ratio (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.5.

Drawings of combustion chamber, piston crown and, in the case of positive-ignition engines, piston rings

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.6.

Normal engine idling speed (2) min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.6.1.

High engine idling speed (2) min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.7.

Carbon monoxide content by volume in the exhaust gas with the engine idling (2): % as stated by the manufacturer (positive-ignition engines only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.8.

Maximum net power (n) … kW at … min-1 (manufacturer's declared value)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.9.

Maximum permitted engine speed as prescribed by the manufacturer: min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.10.

Maximum net torque (n) … Nm at … min-1 (manufacturer's declared value)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.1.11.

Manufacturer references of the Documentation package required by Articles 5, 7 and 9 of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 enabling the approval authority to evaluate the emission control strategies and the systems on-board the engine to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.2.

Fuel

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.2.2.

Heavy duty vehicles Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL/Ethanol (ED95)/Ethanol (E85) (1) (6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.2.2.1.

Fuels compatible with use by the engine declared by the manufacturer in accordance with point 1.1.2 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (as applicable)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.

Fuel feed

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.

By fuel injection (compression ignition only): yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.1.

System description

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.2.

Working principle: direct injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.

Injection pump

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.3.

Maximum fuel delivery (1) (2) … mm3 /stroke or cycle at an engine speed of … min-1 or, alternatively, a characteristic diagram

(When boost control is supplied, state the characteristic fuel delivery and boost pressure versus engine speed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.4.

Static injection timing (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.5.

Injection advance curve (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.3.6.

Calibration procedure: test bench/engine (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.

Governor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.1.

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.2.

Cut-off point

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.2.1.

Speed at which cut-off starts under load: min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.2.2.

Maximum no-load speed: min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.4.2.3.

Idling speed: min-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.5.

Injection piping

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.5.1.

Length: mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.5.2.

Internal diameter: mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.5.3.

Common rail, make and type:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.6.

Injector(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.6.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.6.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.6.3.

Opening pressure (2): kPa or characteristic diagram (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.7.

Cold start system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.7.1.

Make(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.7.2.

Type(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.7.3.

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.8.

Auxiliary starting aid

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.8.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.8.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.8.3.

System description

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.

Electronic controlled injection: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.2.

Type(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.

Description of the system (in the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.1.

Make and type of the control unit (ECU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.2.

Make and type of the fuel regulator

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.3.

Make and type of the air-flow sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.4.

Make and type of fuel distributor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.5.

Make and type of the throttle housing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.6.

Make and type of water temperature sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.7.

Make and type of air temperature sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.8.

Make and type of air pressure sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.2.9.3.9.

Software calibration number(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.

By fuel injection (positive ignition only): yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.1.

Working principle: intake manifold (single-/multi-point/direct injection (1)/other specify):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.2.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.3.

Type(s):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.

System description (In the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.1.

Make and type of the control unit (ECU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.2.

Make and type of fuel regulator

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.3.

Make and type of air-flow sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.4.

Make and type of fuel distributor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.5.

Make and type of pressure regulator

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.6.

Make and type of micro switch

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.7.

Make and type of idling adjustment screw

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.8.

Make and type of throttle housing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.9.

Make and type of water temperature sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.10.

Make and type of air temperature sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.11.

Make and type of air pressure sensor

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.4.12.

Software calibration number(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.5.

Injectors: opening pressure (2): … kPa or characteristic diagram (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.5.1.

Make

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.5.2.

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.6.

Injection timing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.7.

Cold start system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.7.1.

Operating principle(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.3.7.2.

Operating limits/settings (1) (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.4.

Feed pump

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.4.4.1.

Pressure (2): … kPa or characteristic diagram (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.5.

Electrical system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.5.1.

Rated voltage: … V, positive/negative ground (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.5.2.

Generator

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.5.2.1.

Type:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.5.2.2.

Nominal output: VA

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.

Ignition system (spark ignition engines only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.3.

Working principle

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.4.

Ignition advance curve or map (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.5.

Static ignition timing (2): … degrees before TDC

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.6.

Spark plugs

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.6.1.

Make:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.6.2.

Type:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.6.3.

Gap setting: … mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.7.

Ignition coil(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.7.1.

Make:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.6.7.2.

Type:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.

Cooling system: liquid/air (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.

Liquid

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.1.

Nature of liquid

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.2.

Circulating pump(s): yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.3.

Characteristics: … or

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.3.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.3.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.2.4.

Drive ratio(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.

Air

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.1.

Fan: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.2.

Characteristics … or

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.2.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.2.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.7.3.3.

Drive ratio(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.

Intake system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.1.

Pressure charger: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.1.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.1.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.1.3.

Description of the system (e.g. maximum charge pressure … kPa, wastegate, if applicable)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.2.

Intercooler: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.2.1.

Type: air-air/air-water (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.3

Intake depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression-ignition engines only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.3.1

Minimum allowable: … kPa

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.3.2.

Maximum allowable: … kPa

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.4.

Description and drawings of inlet pipes and their accessories (plenum chamber, heating device, additional air intakes, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.8.4.1.

Intake manifold description (include drawings and/or photos)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.

Exhaust system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.1.

Description and/or drawings of the exhaust manifold

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.2.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.2.1.

Description and/or drawing of the elements of the exhaust system that are part of the engine system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.3.

Maximum allowable exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression-ignition engines only): … kPa (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.7.

Exhaust system volume: … dm3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.9.7.1.

Acceptable Exhaust system volume: … dm3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.10.

Minimum cross-sectional areas of inlet and outlet ports

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.11.

Valve timing or equivalent data

3.2.11.1.

Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative distribution systems, in relation to dead centres. For variable timing system, minimum and maximum timing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.11.2.

Reference and/or setting range (3):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.

Measures taken against air pollution

3.2.12.1.1

Device for recycling crankcase gases: yes/no (2)

If yes, description and drawings:

If no, compliance with Annex V to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 required

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.

Additional pollution control devices (if any, and if not covered by another heading)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.

Catalytic converter: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.1.

Number of catalytic converters and elements (provide this information below for each separate unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.2.

Dimensions, shape and volume of the catalytic converter(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.3.

Type of catalytic action

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.4.

Total charge of precious metals

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.5.

Relative concentration

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.6.

Substrate (structure and material)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.7.

Cell density:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.8.

Type of casing for the catalytic converter(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.9.

Location of the catalytic converter(s) (place and reference distance in the exhaust line)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.10.

Heat shield: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.

Regeneration systems/method of exhaust after-treatment systems, description:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.5.

Normal operating temperature range … K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.6.

Consumable reagents: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.7.

Type and concentration of reagent needed for catalytic action

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.8.

Normal operational temperature range of reagent K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.9.

International standard:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.11.10.

Frequency of reagent refill: continuous/maintenance (1):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.12.

Make of catalytic converter

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.1.13.

Identifying part number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.

Oxygen sensor: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.1.

Make

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.2.

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.3.

Control range

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.4.

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.2.5.

Identifying part number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.3.

Air injection: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.3.1.

Type (pulse air, air pump, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.4.

Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR): yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.4.1.

Characteristics (make, type, flow, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.

Particulate trap (PT): yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.1.

Dimensions, shape and capacity of the particulate trap

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.2.

Design of the particulate trap

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.3.

Location (reference distance in the exhaust line)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.4.

Method or system of regeneration, description and/or drawing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.5.

Make of particulate trap

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.6.

Identifying part number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.7.

Normal operating temperature: … (K) and pressure range: (kPa)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.8.

In the case of periodic regeneration

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.8.1.1.

Number of WHTC test cycles without regeneration (n)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.8.2.1.

Number of WHTC test cycles with regeneration (nR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.9.

Other systems: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.6.9.1

Description and operation

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.7.

On-board-diagnostic (OBD) system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.7.0.1.

Number of OBD engine families within the engine family

 

3.2.12.2.7.0.2.

List of the OBD engine families (when applicable)

OBD engine family 1: …

OBD engine family 2: …

etc. …

3.2.12.2.7.0.3.

Number of the OBD engine family the parent engine/the engine member belongs to

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.7.0.4.

Manufacturer references of the OBD-Documentation required by point 4(c) of Article 5 and point 4 of Article 9 of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 and specified in Annex X to that Regulation for the purpose of approving the OBD system

 

3.2.12.2.7.0.5.

When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the Documentation for installing in a vehicle an OBD equipped engine system

 

3.2.12.2.7.2.

List and purpose of all components monitored by the OBD system (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.

Written description (general working principles) for

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1

Positive-ignition engines (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.1.

Catalyst monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.2.

Misfire detection (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.3.

Oxygen sensor monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.4.

Other components monitored by the OBD system

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.

Compression-ignition engines (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.1.

Catalyst monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.2.

Particulate trap monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.3.

Electronic fuelling system monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.4.

DeNOx system monitoring (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.5.

Other components monitored by the OBD system (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.4.

Criteria for MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method) (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.5.

List of all OBD output codes and formats used (with explanation of each) (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.6.5.

OBD Communication protocol standard (4)

 

3.2.12.2.7.7.

Manufacturer reference of the OBD related information required by of Article 5(4)(d) and Article 9(4) of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 for the purpose of complying with the provisions on access to vehicle OBD and vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information, or

 

3.2.12.2.7.7.1.

As an alternative to a manufacturer reference provided in point 3.2.12.2.7.7 reference of the attachment to this Appendix that contains the following table, once completed according to the given example:

Component — Fault code — Monitoring strategy — Fault detection criteria — MI activation criteria — Secondary parameters — Preconditioning — Demonstration test

Catalyst — P0420 — Oxygen sensor 1 and 2 signals — Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals — 3rd cycle — Engine speed, engine load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature — Two Type 1 cycles — Type 1

 

3.2.12.2.8.

Other system (description and operation):

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.8.1.

Systems to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.8.2.

Engine with permanent deactivation of the driver inducement, for use by the rescue services or in vehicles specified in point (3)(b) of Article 2 of Directive 2007/46/EC: yes/no

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.8.3.

Number of OBD engine families within the engine family considered when ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

3.2.12.2.8.4.

List of the OBD engine families (when applicable)

OBD engine family 1: …

OBD engine family 2: …

etc.…

3.2.12.2.8.5.

Number of the OBD engine family the parent engine/the engine member belongs to

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.12.2.8.6.

Lowest concentration of the active ingredient present in the reagent that does not activate the warning system (CDmin): (% vol.)

 

3.2.12.2.8.7.

When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the Documentation for installing in a vehicle the systems to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.

Specific information related to gas fuelled engines for heavy duty vehicles (in the case of systems laid out in a different manner, supply equivalent information)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.1.

Fuel: LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.

Pressure regulator(s) or vaporiser/pressure regulator(s) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.3.

Number of pressure reduction stages

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.4.

Pressure in final stage minimum: … kPa – maximum. kPa

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.5.

Number of main adjustment points

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.6.

Number of idle adjustment points

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.2.7.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.3.

Fuelling system: mixing unit/gas injection/liquid injection/direct injection (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.3.1.

Mixture strength regulation

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.3.2.

System description and/or diagram and drawings

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.3.3.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.

Mixing unit

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.1.

Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.2.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.3.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.4.

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.5.

Adjustment possibilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.4.6.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.

Inlet manifold injection

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.1.

Injection: single point/multipoint (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.2.

Injection: continuous/simultaneously timed/sequentially timed (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.3.

Injection equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.3.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.3.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.3.3.

Adjustment possibilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.3.4.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.4.

Supply pump (if applicable)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.4.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.4.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.4.3.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.5.

Injector(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.5.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.5.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.5.5.3.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.

Direct injection

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.1.

Injection pump/pressure regulator (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.1.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.1.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.1.3

Injection timing

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.1.4.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.2.

Injector(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.2.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.2.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.2.3.

Opening pressure or characteristic diagram (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.6.2.4.

Type-approval number

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.7.

Electronic control unit (ECU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.7.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.7.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.7.3.

Adjustment possibilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.7.4.

Software calibration number(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.8.

NG fuel-specific equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.8.1.

Variant 1 (only in the case of approvals of engines for several specific fuel compositions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.8.1.0.1.

Self adaptive feature? Yes/No (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.8.1.0.2.

Calibration for a specific gas composition NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL (1)

Transformation for a specific gas composition NG-Ht/NG-Lt/NG-HLt (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.17.8.1.1.

methane (CH4): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

ethane (C2H6): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

propane (C3H8): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

butane (C4H10): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

C5/C5+: … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

oxygen (O2): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

inert (N2, He, etc.): … basis:

%mole

min. … %mole

max. %mole

3.5.4.

CO2 emissions for heavy duty engines

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.4.1.

CO2 mass emissions WHSC test: … g/kWh

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.4.2.

CO2 mass emissions WHTC test: … g/kWh

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.5.

Fuel consumption for heavy duty engines

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.5.1.

Fuel consumption WHSC test: … g/kWh

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.5.2.

Fuel consumption WHTC test (5) … g/kWh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.

Temperatures permitted by the manufacturer

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.1.

Cooling system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.1.1.

Liquid cooling

Maximum temperature at outlet: … K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.1.2.

Air cooling

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.1.2.1.

Reference point:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.1.2.2.

Maximum temperature at reference point: … K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.2.

Maximum outlet temperature of the inlet intercooler: … K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.3.

Maximum exhaust temperature at the point in the exhaust pipe(s) adjacent to the outer flange(s) of the exhaust manifold(s) or turbocharger(s): … K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.4.

Fuel temperature:

Minimum: K – maximum: K

For diesel engines at injection pump inlet, for gas fuelled engines at pressure regulator final stage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6.5.

Lubricant temperature

Minimum: K – maximum: K

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8

Lubrication system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.1.

Description of the system

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.1.1.

Position of lubricant reservoir

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.1.2.

Feed system (by pump/injection into intake/mixing with fuel, etc.) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.2.

Lubricating pump

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.2.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.2.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.3.

Mixture with fuel

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.3.1.

Percentage

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.4.

Oil cooler: yes/no (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.4.1.

Drawing(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.4.1.1.

Make(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.8.4.1.2.

Type(s)

 

 

 

 

 

 


PART 2

ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS WITH REGARD TO EXHAUST-EMISSIONS

 

 

Parent Engine or Engine Type

Engine Family Members

A

B

C

D

E

3.1

Manufacturer of the engine

 

3.1.1.

Manufacturer’s engine code (as marked on the engine or other means of identification)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1.2.

Approval number (if appropriate) including fuel identification marking:

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2.2.

Fuel

 

3.2.2.3.

Fuel tank inlet: restricted orifice/label

 

3.2.3.

Fuel tank(s)

 

3.2.3.1.

Service fuel tank(s)

 

3.2.3.1.1.

Number and capacity of each tank

 

3.2.3.2.

Reserve fuel tank(s)

 

3.2.3.2.1.

Number and capacity of each tank

 

3.2.8.

Intake system

 

3.2.8.3.3.

Actual Intake system depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load on the vehicle: kPa

 

3.2.8.4.2.

Air filter, drawings: … or …

 

3.2.8.4.2.1.

Make(s)

 

3.2.8.4.2.2.

Type(s)

 

3.2.8.4.3.

Intake silencer, drawings

 

3.2.8.4.3.1.

Make(s)

 

3.2.8.4.3.2.

Type(s)

 

3.2.9.

Exhaust system

 

3.2.9.2.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust system

 

3.2.9.2.2.

Description and/or drawing of the elements of the exhaust system that are not part of the engine system

 

3.2.9.3.1

Actual exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load on the vehicle (compression-ignition engines only): … kPa

 

3.2.9.7.

Exhaust system volume: … dm3

 

3.2.9.7.1.

Actual volume of the complete Exhaust system (vehicle and engine system): … dm3

 

3.2.12.2.7.

On-board-diagnostic (OBD) system

 

3.2.12.2.7.0.

Alternative approval as defined in point 2.4 of Annex X to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 used. Yes/No

 

3.2.12.2.7.1.

OBD components on-board the vehicle

 

3.2.12.2.7.2.

When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the documentation package related to the installation on the vehicle of the OBD system of an approved engine

 

3.2.12.2.7.3.

Written description and/or drawing of the MI (6)

 

3.2.12.2.7.4.

Written description and/or drawing of the OBD off-board communication interface (6)

 

3.2.12.2.8.

Systems to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

3.2.12.2.8.0.

Alternative approval as defined in point 2.1 of Annex XIII to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 used. Yes/No

 

3.2.12.2.8.1.

Components on-board the vehicle of the systems ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures

 

3.2.12.2.8.2.

Activation of the creep mode

‘disable after restart’/‘disable after fuelling’/‘disable after parking’ (7)

 

3.2.12.2.8.3.

When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the documentation package related to the installation on the vehicle of the system ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures of an approved engine

 

3.2.12.2.8.4.

Written description and/or drawing of the warning signal (6)

 

3.2.12.2.8.5.

Heated/non-heated reagent tank and dosing system (see point 2.4 of Annex XIII to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011)

 

Appendix

to information document

Information on test conditions

1.   Spark plugs

1.1.

Make:

1.2.

Type:

1.3.

Spark-gap setting:

2.   Ignition coil

2.1.

Make:

2.2.

Type:

3.   Lubricant used

3.1.

Make:

3.2.

Type: (state percentage of oil in mixture if lubricant and fuel mixed)

4.   Engine-driven equipment

4.1.

The power absorbed by the auxiliaries/equipment needs only be determined,

(a)

if auxiliaries/equipment required are not fitted to the engine; and/or

(b)

if auxiliaries/equipment not required are fitted to the engine.

Note: requirements for engine-driven equipment differ between emissions test and power test.

4.2.

Enumeration and identifying details:

4.3.

Power absorbed at engine speeds specific for emissions test

Table 1

Power absorbed at engine speeds specific for emissions test

Equipment

Idle

Low Speed

High Speed

Preferred Speed (2)

n95h

Pa

Auxiliaries/equipment required according to UN/ECE R 49, Annex 4B, Appendix 7

 

 

 

 

 

Pb

Auxiliaries/equipment not required according to UN/ECE R 49, Annex 4B, Appendix 7

 

 

 

 

 

5.   Engine performance (declared by manufacturer) (8)

5.1.

Engine test speeds for emissions test according to Annex III (9)

Low speed (nlo) … rpm

High speed (nhi) … rpm

Idle speed … rpm

Preferred speed … rpm

n95h … rpm

5.2.

Declared values for power test according to Annex XIV to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011

5.2.1.

Idle speed … rpm

5.2.2.

Speed at maximum power … rpm

5.2.3.

Maximum power … kW

5.2.4.

Speed at maximum torque … rpm

5.2.5.

Maximum torque … Nm

6.   Dynamometer load setting information (if applicable)

6.3.

Fixed load curve dynamometer setting information (if used)

6.3.1.

Alternative dynamometer load setting method used (yes/no)

6.3.2.

Inertia mass (kg):

6.3.3.

Effective power absorbed at 80 km/h including running losses of the vehicle on the dynamometer (kW)

6.3.4.

Effective power absorbed at 50 km/h h including running losses of the vehicle on the dynamometer (kW)

6.4.

Adjustable load curve dynamometer setting information (if used)

6.4.1.

Coast down information from the test track.

6.4.2.

Tyres make and type:

6.4.3.

Tyre dimensions (front/rear):

6.4.4.

Tyre pressure (front/rear) (kPa):

6.4.5.

Vehicle test mass including driver (kg):

6.4.6

Road coast down data (if used)

Table 2

Road coast down data

V (km/h)

V2 (km/h)

V1 (km/h)

Mean corrected coast down time

120

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

80

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

6.4.7.

Average corrected road power (if used)

Table 3

Average corrected road power

V (km/h)

CP corrected (kW)

120

 

100

 

80

 

60

 

40

 

20

 

7.   Test conditions for OBD testing

7.1.

Test cycle used for the verification of the OBD system:

7.2.

Number of preconditioning cycles used before OBD verification tests:

Appendix 5

Model of EC type-approval certificate of an engine type/component as separate technical unit

Explanatory foot notes can be found in Appendix 10 to this Annex.

Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm)

EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

Communication concerning:

EC type-approval (1)

extension of EC type-approval (1)

refusal of EC type-approval (1)

withdrawal of EC type-approval (1)

Stamp of type-approval authority

of a type of component/separate technical unit (1) with regard to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 as implemented by Regulation (EU) No 582/2011.

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and Regulation (EU) No 582/2011, as last amended by …

EC type-approval number:

Reason for extension:

SECTION I

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

0.2.

Type:

0.3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the component/separate technical unit (1) (a):

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

0.4.

Name and address of manufacturer:

0.5.

In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the EC approval mark:

0.6.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s):

0.7.

Name and address of the manufacturer’s representative (if any)

SECTION II

1.

Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum

2.

Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests:

3.

Date of test report:

4.

Number of test report:

5.

Remarks (if any): see Addendum

6.

Place:

7.

Date:

8.

Signature:

Attachments: Information package.

Test report.

Addendum

to EC type-approval certificate No …

1.   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

1.1.   Particulars to be completed in relation to the type-approval of a vehicle with an engine installed:

1.1.1.

Make of engine (name of undertaking):

1.1.2.

Type and commercial description (mention any variants):

1.1.3.

Manufacturer's code as marked on the engine:

1.1.4.

Category of vehicle (if applicable) (b):

1.1.5.

Category of engine: Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL/Ethanol (ED95)/Ethanol (E85) (1)

1.1.6.

Name and address of manufacturer:

1.1.7.

Name and address of manufacturer's authorised representative (if any):

1.2.   If the engine referred to in 1.1 has been type approved as a separate technical unit:

1.2.1.

Type-approval number of the engine/engine family (1):

1.2.2.

Engine Control Unit (ECU) software calibration number:

1.3.   Particulars to be completed in relation to the type-approval of an engine/engine family (1) as a separate technical unit (conditions to be respected in the installation of the engine on a vehicle):

1.3.1.

Maximum and/or minimum intake depression:

1.3.2.

Maximum allowable back pressure:

1.3.3.

Exhaust system volume:

1.3.4.

Restrictions of use (if any):

1.4.   Emission levels of the engine/parent engine (1):

Deterioration Factor (DF): calculated/fixed (1)

Specify the DF values and the emissions on the WHSC (if applicable) and WHTC tests in the table below

If CNG and LPG fuelled engines are tested on different reference fuels, the tables shall be reproduced for each reference fuel tested.

1.4.1.   WHSC test

Table 4

WHSC test

WHSC test (if applicable)

DF

Mult/add (1)

CO

THC

NOx

PM Mass

NH3

PM Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

CO

(mg/kWh)

THC

(mg/kWh)

NOx

(mg/kWh)

PM Mass

(mg/kWh)

NH3

ppm

PM Number

(#/kWh)

Test result

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculated with DF

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissions mass emission: … g/kWh

Fuel consumption: … g/kWh

1.4.2.   WHTC test

Table 5

WHTC test

WHTC test

DF

Mult/add (1)

CO

THC

NOx

PM Mass

NH3

PM Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

CO

(mg/kWh)

THC

(mg/kWh)

NOx

(mg/kWh)

PM Mass

(mg/kWh)

NH3

ppm

PM Number

Cold start

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot start w/o regeneration

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot start with regeneration (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

kr,u (mult/add) (1)

kr,d (mult/add) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted test result

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final test result with DF

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissions mass emission: … g/kWh

Fuel consumption: … g/kWh

1.4.3.   Idle test

Table 6

Idle test

Test

CO value

(% vol.)

Lambda (1)

Engine speed (min–1)

Engine oil temperature (°C)

Low idle test

 

N/A

 

 

High idle test

 

 

 

 

1.5   Power measurement

1.5.1.   Engine power measured on test bench

Table 7

Engine power measured on test bench

Measured engine speed (rpm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured fuel flow (g/h)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured torque (Nm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barometric pressure (kPa)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water vapour pressure (kPa)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intake air temperature (K)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power correction factor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corrected power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary power (kW) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net torque (Nm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corrected specific fuel consumption (g/kWh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5.2.   Additional data

Appendix 6

Model of ECT type-approval certificate of a type of vehicle with an approved engine

Explanatory foot notes can be found in Appendix 10 to this Annex.

Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm)

EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

Communication concerning:

EC type-approval (1)

extension of EC type-approval (1)

refusal of EC type-approval (1)

withdrawal of EC type-approval (1)

Stamp of type-approval authority

of a type of a vehicle with an approved engine with regard to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 as implemented by Regulation (EU) No 582/2011.

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and Regulation (EU) No 582/2011, as last amended by …

EC type-approval number:

Reason for extension:

SECTION I

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

0.2.

Type:

0.3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the component/separate technical unit (1) (a):

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

0.4.

Name and address of manufacturer:

0.5.

In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the EC approval mark:

0.6.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s):

0.7.

Name and address of the manufacturer's representative (if any)

SECTION II

1.

Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum

2.

Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests:

3.

Date of test report:

4.

Number of test report:

5.

Remarks (if any): see Addendum

6.

Place:

7.

Date:

8.

Signature:

Appendix 7

Model of EC type-approval certificate of a type of vehicle with regard to a system

Explanatory foot notes can be found in Appendix 10 to this Annex.

Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm)

EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

Communication concerning:

EC type-approval (1)

extension of EC type-approval (1)

refusal of EC type-approval (1)

withdrawal of EC type-approval (1)

Stamp of type-approval authority

of a type of a vehicle with regard to a system with regard to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 as implemented by Regulation (EU) No 582/2011.

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 and Regulation (EU) No 582/2011, as last amended by …

EC type-approval number:

Reason for extension:

SECTION I

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

0.2.

Type:

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s) (if available):

0.3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle (1) (a):

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

0.4.

Category of vehicle (b):

0.5.

Name and address of manufacturer:

0.6.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s):

0.7.

Name and address of the manufacturer's representative (if any):

SECTION II

1.

Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum

2.

Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests:

3.

Date of test report:

4.

Number of test report:

5.

Remarks (if any): see Addendum

6.

Place:

7.

Date:

8.

Signature:

Attachments: Information package.

Test report.

Addendum

Addendum

to EC type-approval certificate No …

1.   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

1.1.   Particulars to be completed in relation to the type-approval of a vehicle with an engine installed:

1.1.1.

Make of engine (name of undertaking):

1.1.2.

Type and commercial description (mention any variants):

1.1.3.

Manufacturer’s code as marked on the engine:

1.1.4.

Category of vehicle (if applicable):

1.1.5.

Category of engine: Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL/Ethanol (ED95)/Ethanol (E85) (1)

1.1.6.

Name and address of manufacturer:

1.1.7.

Name and address of manufacturer's authorised representative (if any):

1.2.   If the engine referred to in 1.1 has been type-approved as a separate technical unit:

1.2.1.

Type-approval number of the engine/engine family (1):

1.2.2.

Engine Control Unit (ECU) software calibration number:

1.3.   Particulars to be completed in relation to the type-approval of an engine/engine family (1) as a separate technical unit (conditions to be respected in the installation of the engine on a vehicle):

1.3.1.

Maximum and/or minimum intake depression:

1.3.2.

Maximum allowable back pressure:

1.3.3.

Exhaust system volume:

1.3.4.

Restrictions of use (if any):

1.4.   Emission levels of the engine/parent engine (1):

Deterioration Factor (DF): calculated/fixed (1)

Specify the DF values and the emissions on the WHSC (if applicable) and WHTC tests in the table below

If CNG and LPG fuelled engines are tested on different reference fuels, the tables shall be reproduced for each reference fuel tested.

1.4.1.   WHSC test

Table 4

WHSC test

WHSC test (if applicable)

DF

Mult/add (1)

CO

THC

NOx

PM Mass

NH3

PM Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

CO

(mg/kWh)

THC

(mg/kWh)

NOx

(mg/kWh)

PM Mass

(mg/kWh)

NH3

ppm

PM Number

(#/kWh)

Test result

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculated with DF

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissions mass emission: … g/kWh

Fuel consumption: … g/kWh

1.4.2.   WHTC test

Table 5

WHTC test

WHTC test

DF

Mult/add (1)

CO

THC

NOx

PM Mass

NH3

PM Number

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

CO

(mg/kWh)

THC

(mg/kWh)

NOx

(mg/kWh)

PM Mass

(mg/kWh)

NH3

ppm

PM Number

Cold start

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot start w/o regeneration

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot start with regeneration (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

kr,u (mult/add) (1)

kr,d (mult/add) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted test result

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final test result with DF

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissions mass emission: … g/kWh

Fuel consumption: … g/kWh

1.4.3.   Idle test

Table 6

Idle test

Test

CO value

(% vol.)

Lambda (1)

Engine speed (min–1)

Engine oil temperature (°C)

Low idle test

 

N/A

 

 

High idle test

 

 

 

 

1.5   Power measurement

1.5.1.   Engine power measured on test bench

Table 7

Engine power measured on test bench

Measured engine speed (rpm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured fuel flow (g/h)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured torque (Nm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barometric pressure (kPa)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water vapour pressure (kPa)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intake air temperature (K)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power correction factor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corrected power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary power (kW) (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net power (kW)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net torque (Nm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corrected specific fuel consumption (g/kWh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5.2.   Additional data

Appendix 8

Example of the EC type-approval mark

Image

The approval mark in this Appendix affixed to an engine approved as a separate technical unit shows that the type concerned has been approved in Belgium (e 6), pursuant to this Regulation. The first two digits of the approval number (00) indicate that this engine approved as a separate technical unit was approved according to this Regulation. The following four digits (0004) are those allocated by the type-approval authority to engine approved as a separate technical unit as the base approval number.

Appendix 9

EC Type-Approval Certification Numbering System

1.

Section 3 of the EC type-approval number issued according to Articles 6(1), 8(1) and 10(1) shall be composed by the number of the implementing regulatory act or the latest amending regulatory act applicable to the EC type-approval. The number shall be followed by an alphabetical character reflecting the requirements of OBD and SCR systems in accordance with Table 1.

Table 1

Character

NOx OTL (1)

PM OTL (2)

Reagent quality and consumption

Implementation dates: new types

Implementation dates: all vehicles

Last date of registration

A

Row ‘phase-in period’ of Tables 1 and 2

Performance. Monitoring (3)

Phase in (4)

31.12.2012

31.12.2013

1.9.2015

B

Row ‘phase-in period’ of Tables 1 and 2

Row ‘phase-in period’ of Table 1

Phase in (4)

1.9.2014

1.9.2015

31.12.2016

C

Row ‘general requirements’ of Tables 1 and 2

Row ‘general requirements’ of Table 1

General (5)

31.12.2015

31.12.2016

 


(1)  ‘NOx OTL’ monitoring requirements as set out in Table 1 and 2 of Annex X.

(2)  ‘PM OTL’ monitoring requirements as set out in Table 1 of Annex X.

(3)  ‘Performance monitoring’ requirements as set out in point 2.3.3.3 of Annex X.

(4)  Reagent quality and consumption ‘phase-in’ requirements as set out in points 7.1.1.1 and 8.4.1.1 of Annex XIII.

(5)  Reagent quality and consumption ‘general’ requirements as set out in points 7.1.1 and 8.4.1 of Annex XIII.

Appendix 10

Explanatory notes

(1)

Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable).

(2)

Specify the tolerance.

(3)

Please fill in here the upper and lower values for each variant.

(4)

To be documented in case of a single OBD engine family and if not already documented in the documentation package(s) referred to in line 3.2.12.2.7.0.4.

(5)

Fuel consumption for the combined WHTC including cold and hot part according to Annex VIII.

(6)

To be documented if not documented in the documentation referred to in point 3.2.12.2.7.1.1.

(7)

Delete as appropriate.

(8)

Information concerning engine performance shall only be given for the parent engine.

(9)

Specify the tolerance; to be within ± 3 % of the values declared by the manufacturer.

(a)

If the means of identification of type contains characters not relevant to describe the vehicle, component or separate technical unit types covered by this information document, such characters shall be represented in the documentation by the symbol ‘?’ (e.g. ABC?123??).

(b)

Classified according to definitions listed in Section A of Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC.

(l)

This figure shall be rounded off to the nearest tenth of a millimetre.

(m)

This value shall be calculated and rounded off to the nearest cm3.

(n)

Determined in accordance with the requirements of Annex XIV.

ANNEX II

CONFORMITY OF IN-SERVICE ENGINES OR VEHICLES

1.   INTRODUCTION

1.1.   This Annex sets out requirements for checking and demonstrating the conformity of in-service engines and vehicles.

2.   PROCEDURE FOR IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY

2.1.   The conformity of in-service vehicles or engines of an engine family shall be demonstrated by testing vehicles on the road operated over their normal driving patterns, conditions and payloads. The in-service conformity test shall be representative for vehicles operated on their real driving routes, with their normal load and with the usual professional driver of the vehicle. When the vehicle is operated by a driver other than the usual professional driver of the particular vehicle, this alternative driver shall be skilled and trained to operate vehicles of the category subject to be tested.

2.2.   If the normal in-service conditions of a particular vehicle are considered to be incompatible with the proper execution of the tests, the manufacturer or the approval authority may request that alternative driving routes and payloads are used.

2.3.   The manufacturer shall demonstrate to the approval authority that the chosen vehicle, driving patterns, conditions and payloads are representative for the engine family. The requirements as specified in points 4.1 and 4.5 shall be used to determine whether the driving patterns and payloads are acceptable for in-service conformity testing.

2.4.   The manufacturer shall report the schedule and the sampling plan for conformity testing at the time of the initial type-approval of a new engine family.

2.5.   Vehicles without a communication interface which permits the collection of the necessary ECU data as specified in points 5.2.1 and 5.2.2 of Annex I, with missing data or with a non-standard data protocol shall be considered as non-compliant.

2.6.   Vehicles where the collection of ECU data influences the vehicle emissions or performance shall be considered as non-compliant.

3.   ENGINE OR VEHICLE SELECTION

3.1.   After the granting of type-approval for an engine family the manufacturer shall perform in-service testing on this engine family within 18 months from first registration of a vehicle fitted with an engine from that family. In case of multistage type-approval first registration means first registration of a completed vehicle.

The testing shall be repeated at least every 2 years for each engine family periodically on vehicles over their useful life period as specified in Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009.

At the request of the manufacturer the testing may stop 5 years after the end of production.

3.1.1.   With a minimum sample size of three engines the sampling procedure shall be set so that the probability of a lot passing a test with 20 % of the vehicles or engines defective is 0,90 (producer’s risk = 10 %) while the probability of a lot being accepted with 60 % of the vehicles or engines defective is 0,10 (consumer’s risk = 10 %).

3.1.2.   The test statistic quantifying the cumulative number of non-conforming tests at the n-th test shall be determined for the sample.

3.1.3.   The pass or fail decision of the lot shall be made according to the following requirements:

(a)

if the test statistic is less than or equal to the pass decision number for the sample size given in Table 1, a pass decision is reached for the lot;

(b)

if the test statistic is greater than or equal to the fail decision number for the sample size given in Table 1, a fail decision is reached for the lot;

(c)

otherwise, an additional engine is tested according to this Annex and the calculation procedure is applied to the sample increased by one more unit.

In Table 1 the pass and fail decision numbers are calculated by means of the International Standard ISO 8422/1991.

Table 1

Pass and fail decision numbers of the sampling plan

Minimum sample size: 3

Cumulative number of engines tested

(sample size)

Pass decision number

Fail decision number

3

3

4

0

4

5

0

4

6

1

4

7

1

4

8

2

4

9

2

4

10

3

4

The approval authority shall approve the selected engines and vehicle configurations before the launch of the testing procedures. The selection shall be performed by presenting to the approval authority the criteria used for the selection of the particular vehicles.

3.2.   The engines and vehicles selected shall be used and registered in the Union. The vehicle shall have been in service for at least 25 000 km.

3.3.   Each vehicle tested shall have a maintenance record to show that the vehicle has been properly maintained and serviced in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

3.4.   The OBD system shall be checked for proper functioning of the engine. Any malfunction indications and the readiness code in the OBD memory shall be recorded and any required repairs shall be carried out.

Engines presenting a Class C malfunction shall not be forced to be repaired before testing. The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) shall not be cleared.

Engines having one of the counters required by provisions of Annex XIII not at ‘0’ may not be tested. This shall be reported to the approval authority.

3.5.   The engine or vehicle shall exhibit no indications of abuse (such as overloading, misfuelling, or other misuse), or other factors (such as tampering) that could affect emission performance. OBD system fault code and engine running hours information stored in the computer shall be taken into account.

3.6.   All emission control system components on the vehicle shall be in conformity with those stated in the applicable type-approval documents.

3.7.   In agreement with the approval authority, the manufacturer may run in-service conformity testing comprising fewer engines or vehicles than the number given in point 3.1, if the number of engines manufactured within an engine family is less than 500 units per year.

4.   TEST CONDITIONS

4.1.   Vehicle payload

For the purpose of in-service conformity testing the payload may be reproduced and an artificial load may be used.

In the absence of statistics to demonstrate that the payload is representative for the vehicle, the vehicle payload shall be 50 to 60 % of the maximum vehicle payload.

The maximum payload is the difference between technically permissible maximum laden mass of the vehicle and the mass of the vehicle in running order as specified in accordance to Annex I to Directive 2007/46/EC.

4.2.   Ambient conditions

The test shall be conducted under ambient conditions meeting the following conditions:

Atmospheric pressure greater than or equal to 82,5 kPa,

Temperature greater than or equal to 266 K (– 7 °C) and less than or equal to the temperature determined by the following equation at the specified atmospheric pressure:

T = – 0,4514 × (101,3 – pb) + 311

where:

T is the ambient air temperature, K

pb is the atmospheric pressure, kPa

4.3.   Engine coolant temperature

The engine coolant temperature shall be in accordance with point 2.6.1 of Appendix 1.

4.4.   The lubricating oil, fuel and reagent shall be within the specifications issued by the manufacturer.

4.4.1.   Lubricating oil

Oil samples shall be taken.

4.4.2.   Fuel

The test fuel shall be market fuel covered by Directive 98/70/EC and relevant CEN standards or reference fuel as specified in Annex IX to this Regulation. Fuel samples shall be taken.

4.4.2.1.   If the manufacturer in accordance with Section 1 of Annex I to this Regulation has declared the capability to meet the requirements of this Regulation on market fuels declared in point 3.2.2.2.1 of Appendix 4 to Annex I to this Regulation, tests shall be conducted on at least one of the declared market fuels or blend between the declared market fuels and the market fuels included in Directive 98/70/EC and the relevant CEN standards.

4.4.3.   Reagent

For exhaust after-treatment systems that use a reagent to reduce emissions, a sample of the reagent shall be taken. The reagent shall not be frozen.

4.5.   Trip requirements

The shares of operation shall be expressed as a percentage of the total trip duration.

The trip shall consist of urban driving followed by rural and motorway driving according to the shares specified in points 4.5.1 to 4.5.4 In the case another testing order is justified for practical reasons and after the agreement of the approval authority another order of urban, rural and motorway operation may be used.

For the purpose of this Section, ‘approximately’ shall mean the target value ± 5 %.

Urban operation is characterised by vehicle speeds between 0 and 50 km/h,

Rural operation is characterised by vehicle speeds between 50 and 75 km/h,

Motorway operation is characterised by vehicle speeds above 75 km/h.

4.5.1.   For M1 and N1 vehicles the trip shall consist of approximately 45 % urban, 25 % rural and 30 % motorway operation.

4.5.2.   For M2 and M3 vehicles the trip shall consist of approximately 45 % urban, 25 % rural and 30 % motorway operation. M2 and M3 vehicles of Class I, II or Class A as defined in Annex I to Directive 2001/85/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (1) shall be tested in approximately 70 % urban and 30 % rural operation.

4.5.3.   For N2 vehicles the trip shall consist of approximately 45 % urban, 25 % rural and followed by 30 % motorway operation.

4.5.4.   For N3 vehicles the trip shall consist of approximately 20 % urban, 25 % rural and followed by 55 % motorway operation.

4.5.5   The following distribution of the characteristic trip values from the WHDC database may serve as additional guidance for the evaluation of the trip:

(a)

accelerating: 26,9 % of the time;

(b)

decelerating: 22,6 % of the time;

(c)

cruising: 38,1 % of the time;

(d)

stop (vehicle speed = 0): 12,4 % of the time.

4.6.   Operational requirements

4.6.1.   The trip shall be selected in such a way that the testing is uninterrupted and the data continuously sampled to reach the minimum test duration defined in point 4.6.5.

4.6.2.   Emissions and other data sampling shall start prior to starting the engine. Any cold start emissions may be removed from the emissions evaluation, in accordance with point 2.6 of Appendix 1.

4.6.3.   It shall not be permitted to combine data of different trips or to modify or remove data from a trip.

4.6.4.   If the engine stalls, it may be restarted, but the sampling shall not be interrupted.

4.6.5.   The minimum test duration shall be long enough to complete five times the work performed during the WHTC or produce five times the CO2 reference mass in kg/cycle from the WHTC as applicable.

4.6.6.   The electrical power to the PEMS system shall be supplied by an external power supply unit, and not from a source that draws its energy either directly or indirectly from the engine under test.

4.6.7.   The installation of the PEMS equipment shall not influence the vehicle emissions and/or performance.

4.6.8.   It is recommended to operate the vehicles under normal daytime traffic conditions.

4.6.9.   If the approval authority is not satisfied with the data consistency check results according to Sections 3.2 of Appendix 1 to this Annex, the approval authority may consider the test to be void.

4.6.10.   The same route shall be used for the tests of vehicles within the sample described in points 3.1.1 to 3.1.3.

5.   ECU DATA STREAM

5.1.   Verification of the availability and conformity of the ECU data stream information required for in-service testing.

5.1.1.   The availability of the data stream information according to the requirements of point 5.2 of Annex I shall be demonstrated prior to the in-service test.

5.1.1.1.   If that information cannot be retrieved by the PEMS system in a proper manner, the availability of the information shall be demonstrated by using an external OBD scan-tool as described in Annex X.

5.1.1.1.1.   In the case where this information can be retrieved by the scan-tool in a proper manner, the PEMS system is considered as failing and the test is void.

5.1.1.1.2.   In the case where that information cannot be retrieved in a proper manner from two vehicles with engines from the same engine family, while the scan-tool is working properly, the engine is considered as non-compliant.

5.1.2.   The conformity of the torque signal calculated by the PEMS equipment from the ECU data stream information required in point 5.2.1 of Annex I shall be verified at full load.

5.1.2.1.   The method used to check this conformity is described in Appendix 4.

5.1.2.2.   The conformity of the ECU torque signal is considered to be sufficient if the calculated torque remains within the full load torque tolerance specified in point 5.

5.1.2.3.   If the calculated torque does not remain within the full load torque tolerance specified in point 5.2.5 of Annex I, the engine is considered to have failed the test.

6.   EMISSIONS EVALUATION

6.1.   The test shall be conducted and the test results shall be calculated in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 1 to this Annex.

6.2.   The conformity factors shall be calculated and presented for both the CO2 mass based method and the Work based method. The pass/fail decision shall be made on the basis of the results of the Work based method.

6.3.   The 90 % cumulative percentile of the exhaust emission conformity factors from each engine system tested, determined in accordance with the measurement and calculation procedures specified in Appendix 1, shall not exceed any of the values set out in Table 2.

Table 2

Maximum allowed conformity factors for in-service conformity emission testing

Pollutant

Maximum allowed conformity factor

CO

1,50

THC (2)

1,50

NMHC (3)

1,50

CH4  (3)

1,50

NOx

1,50

PM mass

PM number

7.   EVALUATION OF IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY RESULTS

7.1.   On the basis of the in-service conformity report referred to in Section 10, the approval authority shall either:

(a)

decide that the in-service conformity testing of an engine system family is satisfactory and not take any further action;

(b)

decide that the data provided is insufficient to reach a decision and request additional information and test data from the manufacturer;

(c)

decide that the in-service conformity of an engine system family is unsatisfactory and proceed to the measures referred to in Article 13 and in Section 9 of this Annex.

8.   CONFIRMATORY VEHICLE TESTING

8.1.   Confirmatory testing is done for the purpose of confirmation of the in-service emission functionality of an engine family.

8.2.   Approval authorities may conduct confirmatory testing.

8.3.   The confirmatory test shall be performed as vehicle testing as specified in points 2.1 and 2.2. Representative vehicles shall be selected and used under normal conditions and be tested according to the procedures defined in this Annex.

8.4.   A test result may be regarded as non-satisfactory when, from tests of two or more vehicles representing the same engine family, for any regulated pollutant component, the limit value as determined according to Section 6 is exceeded significantly.

9.   PLAN OF REMEDIAL MEASURES

9.1.   The manufacturer shall submit a report to the approval authority of the Member State where the engines or vehicles subject to remedial action are registered or used when planning to conduct remedial action, and shall submit this report when deciding to take action. The report shall specify the details of the remedial action and describe the engine families to be included in the action. The manufacturer shall report regularly to the approval authority after the start of the remedial action.

9.2.   The manufacturer shall provide a copy of all communications related to the plan of remedial measures, and shall maintain a record of the recall campaign, and supply regular status reports to the approval authority.

9.3.   The manufacturer shall assign a unique identifying name or number to the plan of remedial measures.

9.4.   The manufacturer shall present a plan of remedial measures which shall consist of the information specified in points 9.4.1 to 9.4.11.

9.4.1.   A description of each engine system type included in the plan of remedial measures.

9.4.2.   A description of the specific modifications, alterations, repairs, corrections, adjustments, or other changes to be made to bring the engines into conformity including a brief summary of the data and technical studies which support the manufacturer’s decision as to the particular measures to be taken to correct the non-conformity.

9.4.3.   A description of the method by which the manufacturer informs the engine or vehicle owners about the remedial measures.

9.4.4.   A description of the proper maintenance or use, if any, which the manufacturer stipulates as a condition of eligibility for repair under the plan of remedial measures, and an explanation of the manufacturer’s reasons for imposing any such condition. No maintenance or use conditions may be imposed unless it is demonstrably related to the non-conformity and the remedial measures.

9.4.5.   A description of the procedure to be followed by engine or vehicle owners to obtain correction of the non-conformity. This description shall include a date after which the remedial measures may be taken, the estimated time for the workshop to perform the repairs and where they can be done. The repair shall be done expediently, within a reasonable time after delivery of the vehicle.

9.4.6.   A copy of the information transmitted to the engine or vehicle owner.

9.4.7.   A brief description of the system which the manufacturer uses to assure an adequate supply of components or systems for fulfilling the remedial action. It shall be indicated when there will be an adequate supply of components or systems to initiate the campaign.

9.4.8.   A copy of all instructions to be sent to those persons who are to perform the repair.

9.4.9.   A description of the impact of the proposed remedial measures on the emissions, fuel consumption, driveability, and safety of each engine or vehicle type, covered by the plan of remedial measures with data, technical studies, etc., which support these conclusions.

9.4.10.   Any other information, reports or data the approval authority may reasonably determine is necessary to evaluate the plan of remedial measures.

9.4.11.   Where the plan of remedial measures includes a recall, a description of the method for recording the repair shall be submitted to the approval authority. If a label is used, an example of it shall be submitted.

9.5.   The manufacturer may be required to conduct reasonably designed and necessary tests on components and engines incorporating a proposed change, repair, or modification to demonstrate the effectiveness of the change, repair, or modification.

10.   REPORTING PROCEDURES

10.1.   A technical report shall be submitted to the approval authority for each engine family tested. The report shall show the activities and results of the in-service conformity testing. The report shall include at least the following:

10.1.1.   General

10.1.1.1.

Name and address of the manufacturer.

10.1.1.2.

Address(es) of assembly plant(s).

10.1.1.3.

The name, address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of the manufacturer’s representative.

10.1.1.4.

Type and commercial description (mention any variants).

10.1.1.5.

Engine family.

10.1.1.6.

Parent engine.

10.1.1.7.

Engine family members.

10.1.1.8.

The vehicle identification number (VIN) codes applicable to the vehicles equipped with an engine that is part of the in-service conformity check.

10.1.1.9.

Means and location of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle.

10.1.1.10.

Category of vehicle.

10.1.1.11.

Type of engine: petrol, ethanol (E85), diesel/NG /LPG/ethanol (ED95) (Delete as appropriate).

10.1.1.12.

The numbers of the type-approvals applicable to the engine types within the in-service family, including, where applicable, the numbers of all extensions and field fixes/recalls (reworks).

10.1.1.13.

Details of extensions, field fixes/recalls to those type-approvals for the engines covered within the manufacturer’s information.

10.1.1.14.

The engine build period covered within the manufacturer’s information (e.g. ‘vehicles or engines manufactured during the 2014 calendar year’).

10.1.2.   Engine/vehicle selection

10.1.2.1.

Vehicle or engine location method.

10.1.2.2.

Selection criteria for vehicles, engines, in-service families.

10.1.2.3.

Geographical areas within which the manufacturer has collected vehicles.

10.1.3.   Equipment

10.1.3.1.

PEMS Equipment, brand and type.

10.1.3.2.

PEMS calibration.

10.1.3.3.

PEMS power supply.

10.1.3.4.

Calculation software and version used (e.g. EMROAD 4.0).

10.1.4.   Test data

10.1.4.1.

Date and time of test.

10.1.4.2.

Location of test including details information about the test route.

10.1.4.3.

Weather/ambient conditions (e.g. temperature, humidity, altitude).

10.1.4.4.

Distances covered per vehicle on the test route.

10.1.4.5.

Test fuel specifications characteristics.

10.1.4.6.

Reagent specification (if applicable).

10.1.4.7.

Lubrication oil specification.

10.1.4.8.

Emission test results according to Appendix 1 to this Annex.

10.1.5.   Engine information

10.1.5.1.

Engine fuel type (e.g. diesel, ethanol ED95, NG, LPG, petrol, E85).

10.1.5.2.

Engine combustion system (e.g. compressed ignition or positive ignition).

10.1.5.3.

Type-approval number.

10.1.5.4.

Engine rebuilt.

10.1.5.5.

Engine manufacturer.

10.1.5.6.

Engine model.

10.1.5.7.

Engine production year and month.

10.1.5.8.

Engine identification number.

10.1.5.9.

Engine displacement [litres].

10.1.5.10.

Number of cylinders.

10.1.5.11.

Engine rated power [kW @ rpm].

10.1.5.12.

Engine peak torque [Nm @ rpm].

10.1.5.13.

Idle speed [rpm].

10.1.5.14.

Manufacturer supplied full-load torque curve available (yes/no).

10.1.5.15.

Manufacturer supplied full-load torque curve reference number.

10.1.5.16.

DeNOx system (e.g. EGR, SCR).

10.1.5.17.

Type of catalytic converter.

10.1.5.18.

Type of Particulate trap.

10.1.5.19.

After-treatment modified with respect to type-approval? (yes/no)

10.1.5.20.

Engine ECU information (Software calibration number).

10.1.6.   Vehicle information

10.1.6.1.

Vehicle owner.

10.1.6.2.

Vehicle type (e.g. M3, N3) and application (e.g. rigid or articulated truck, city bus).

10.1.6.3.

Vehicle manufacturer.

10.1.6.4.

Vehicle Identification Number.

10.1.6.5.

Vehicle registration number and country of registration.

10.1.6.6.

Vehicle model.