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2009/563/EC: Commission Decision of 9 July 2009 on establishing the ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label for footwear (notified under document number C(2009) 5612) (Text with EEA relevance )

OJ L 196, 28.7.2009, p. 27–35 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
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28.7.2009   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 196/27


COMMISSION DECISION

of 9 July 2009

on establishing the ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label for footwear

(notified under document number C(2009) 5612)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2009/563/EC)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 July 2000 on a revised Community eco-label award scheme (1), and in particular the second subparagraph of Article 6(1) thereof,

After consulting the European Union Eco-labelling Board,

Whereas:

(1)

Under Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 the Community eco-label may be awarded to a product possessing characteristics which enable it to contribute significantly to improvements in relation to key environmental aspects.

(2)

Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 provides that specific eco-label criteria, drawn up on the basis of the criteria drafted by the European Union Eco-labelling Board, are to be established according to product groups.

(3)

It also provides that the review of the eco-label criteria, as well as of the assessment and verification requirements related to those criteria, is to take place in due time before the end of the period of validity of the criteria specified for the product group concerned.

(4)

Pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000, a timely review has been carried out of the ecological criteria, as well as of the related assessment and verification requirements established by Commission Decision 2002/231/EC of 18 March 2002 establishing revised ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label to footwear and amending Decision 1999/179/EC (2). Those ecological criteria and the related assessment and verification requirements are valid until 31 March 2010.

(5)

In the light of that review, it is appropriate, in order to take account of scientific and market developments, to modify the definition of the product group and to establish new ecological criteria.

(6)

The ecological criteria, as well as the related assessment and verification requirements, should be valid for four years from the date of adoption of this Decision.

(7)

Decision 2002/231/EC should therefore be replaced.

(8)

A transitional period should be allowed for producers whose products have been awarded the eco-label for footwear based on the criteria contained in Decision 2002/231/EC, so that they have sufficient time to adapt their products to comply with the revised criteria and requirements. Producers should also be allowed to submit applications set out under the criteria set in Decision 2002/231/EC or set out under the criteria set in this Decision until the lapse of validity of that Decision.

(9)

Measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee instituted by Article 17 of Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The product group ‘footwear’ shall comprise all articles of clothing designed to protect or cover the foot, with a fixed outer sole which comes into contact with the ground. Footwear shall not contain any electric or electronic components.

Article 2

In order to be awarded the Community eco-label for products falling within the product group footwear under Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 (hereinafter ‘the eco-label’), footwear shall comply with the criteria set out in the Annex to this Decision.

Article 3

The ecological criteria for the product group ‘footwear’, as well as the related assessment and verification requirements, shall be valid for four years from the date of adoption of this Decision.

Article 4

For administrative purposes the code number assigned to the product group ‘footwear’ shall be ‘017’.

Article 5

Decision 2002/231/EC is repealed.

Article 6

1.   Applications for the eco-label for products falling within the product group footwear submitted before the date of adoption of this Decision shall be evaluated in accordance with the conditions laid down in Decision 2002/231/EC.

2.   Applications for the eco-label for products falling within the product group footwear submitted from the date of adoption of this Decision but by 31 March 2010 at the latest may be based either on the criteria set out in Decision 2002/231/EC or on the criteria set out in this Decision.

Those applications shall be evaluated pursuant to the criteria on which they are based.

3.   Where the eco-label is awarded on the basis of an application evaluated according to the criteria set out in Decision 2002/231/EC, that eco-label may be used for twelve months from the date of adoption of this Decision.

Article 7

This Decision is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 9 July 2009.

For the Commission

Stavros DIMAS

Member of the Commission


(1)  OJ L 237, 21.9.2000, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 77, 20.3.2002, p. 50.


ANNEX

FRAMEWORK

The aims of the criteria

These criteria aim in particular at:

limiting the levels of toxic residues,

limiting the emissions of volatile organic compounds, and,

promoting a more durable product,

The criteria are set at levels that promote the labelling of footwear which has a lower environmental impact.

Assessment and verification requirements

The specific assessment and verification requirements are indicated within each criterion.

Where appropriate, test methods other than those indicated for each criterion may be used if their equivalence is accepted by the competent body assessing the application.

The functional unit is one pair of shoes. Requirements are based on shoe size 40 Paris point. For children's shoes the requirements apply for a size 32 Paris point (or the largest size in the case of maximum sizes smaller than 32 Paris point).

Any upper shoe components weighing less than 3 % of the whole upper part shall not be taken into account for the application of the criteria. Any sole shoe components weighing less than 3 % of the whole outer sole shall not be taken into account for the application of the criteria.

Where appropriate, competent bodies may require supporting documentation and may carry out independent verifications.

The competent bodies are recommended to take into account the implementation of recognised environmental management schemes, such as EMAS or ISO 14001, when assessing applications and monitoring compliance with the criteria (note: it is not required to implement such management schemes).

CRITERIA

1.   Dangerous substances in the final product

(a)

For shoes made of leather, there shall be no Chromium VI in the final product.

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a test report, using test method EN ISO 17075 (detection limit 3 ppm). The sample preparation must follow the indications of the EN ISO 4044.

(Note: difficulties in measurement due to interferences may be encountered when analysing certain coloured leather)

(b)

There shall be no Arsenic, Cadmium and Lead in the materials used for the product assembly or in the final product.

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a test report using one of the following EN 14602 test methods:

testing the materials for the product assembly. The substances specified in the criterion shall not be detectable in any of the materials used for the manufacturing of the final product,

testing the final product. The substances specified in the criterion shall not be detectable in either the upper or lower components of the footwear following separation and complete grinding.

For leather products the sample preparation shall follow EN ISO 4044.

(c)

The amount of free and hydrolysed formaldehyde of the components of the footwear shall not exceed the following limits:

—   textile: not detectable,

—   leather: 150 ppm.

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a test report, using the following test methods: Textiles: EN ISO 14184-1 (detection limit: 20 ppm); Leather: EN ISO 17226-1 or 2.

2.   Reduction of water consumption (only for the tanning of hides and skins)

The following limits to water consumption for the tanning of hide and skin (1) shall not be exceeded:

—   Hides: 35 m3/t,

—   Skins: 55 m3/t,

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide appropriate documentation that the mentioned limits have not been exceeded.

3.   Emissions from the production of material

(a)

If the waste waters from leather tanning sites and from the textile industries are released directly into fresh waters the content of COD shall not exceed 250 mg COD/l of water discharged.

If the waste waters from leather tanning sites are released into a municipal waste water treatment plant/facility, then this criterion shall not apply, as long as it can be demonstrated:

that the discharge of waste water from the tanning site into the municipal waste water supply is authorised and,

that the municipal waste water treatment facility is operational and that the subsequent discharge of treated water into the fresh water system is in line with minimum Community requirements according to Council Directive 91/271/EEC (2).

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a test report and complementary data, using the following test method: COD: ISO 6060 — Water quality, determination of chemical oxygen demand.

Where the waste water is discharged into a municipal waste water treatment facility, documentation must be provided from the relevant authority showing that the discharge is authorised and that that municipal plant is operational and that it meets the minimum requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC.

(b)

Tannery waste water after treatment shall contain less than 1 mg Chromium (III)/l.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a test report and complementary data, using the following test methods: ISO 9174 or EN 1233 or EN ISO 11885 for Cr.

4.   Use of hazardous substances (up until purchase)

(a)

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and Tetrachlorophenol (TCP) and its salts and esters shall not be used.

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a declaration that the materials do not contain such chlorophenols along with a test report using the following test methods: Leather, EN ISO 17070 (limit of detection 0,1 ppm); Textile, XP G 08-015 (limit of detection 0,05 ppm)

(b)

No azo dyes shall be used that may cleave to any of the following aromatic amines:

4-aminodiphenyl

(92-67-1)

benzidine

(92-87-5)

4-chloro-o-toluidine

(95-69-2)

2-naphthylamine

(91-59-8)

o-amino-azotoluene

(97-56-3)

2-amino-4-nitrotoluene

(99-55-8)

p-chloroaniline

(106-47-8)

2,4-diaminoanisol

(615-05-4)

4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane

(101-77-9)

3,3′-dichlorobenzidine

(91-94-1)

3,3′-dimethoxybenzidine

(119-90-4)

3,3′-dimethylbenzidine

(119-93-7)

3,3′-dimethyl-4,4_-diaminodiphenylmethane

(838-88-0)

p-cresidine

(120-71-8)

4,4′-methylene-bis-(2-chloraniline)

(101-14-4)

4,4′-oxydianiline

(101-80-4)

4,4′-thiodianiline

(139-65-1)

o-toluidine

(95-53-4)

2,4-diaminotoluene

(95-80-7)

2.4,5-trimethylaniline

(137-17-7)

4-aminoazobenzene

(60-09-3)

o-anisidine

(90-04-0)

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a declaration that such azo dyes have not been used. Should a verification of this declaration be carried out, the following test methods shall be used: Leather — CEN ISO TS 17234; Textile — EN 14362 1 or 2.

Textiles limit 30 ppm (note: false positives are possible for 4-aminoazobenzene and confirmation is therefore recommended);

Leather limit 30 ppm (note: false positives are possible for 4-aminoazobenzene, 4-aminodiphenyl and 2-naphthylamine and confirmation is therefore recommended).

(c)

The following N-Nitrosamines shall not be detected in rubber:

N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)

N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)

N-nitrosodipropylamine (NDPA)

N-nitrosodibutylamine (NDBA)

N-nitrosopiperidine (NPIP)

N-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR)

N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR)

N-nitroso N-methyl N-phenylamine (NMPhA)

N-nitroso N-ethyl N-phenylamine (NEPhA)

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a test report, using test method EN 12868 (1999-12) or EN 14602.

(d)

C10-C13 chloralkanes shall not be used in leather, rubber or textile components.

Assessment and verification: the applicant and/or his supplier(s) shall provide a declaration that such chloralkanes have not been used.

(e)

No dyes meeting the criteria for classification as carcinogenic, mutagenic toxic to reproduction, hazardous/dangerous to the environment with the following R-phrases: R40, R45, R49, R50, R51, R52, R53, R60, R61, R62, R63 or R68 (or any combination), shall be used. (Classification rules as according to Council Directive 67/548/EEC (3) or Directive 1999/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4).

Alternatively, classification may be considered according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5). In this case no substances or preparations may be added to the raw materials that are assigned, or may be assigned at the time of application, with the following hazard statements (or combinations thereof): H351, H350, H350i, H400, H410, H411, H412, H413, H360F, H360D, H361f, H361d H360FD, H361fd, H360Fd, H360Df, H341.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a declaration of non-use of such dyes.

(f)

Alkylphenol ethoxylate (APE), and Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) shall not be used.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a declaration of non-use of such substances.

(g)

No dyes meeting the criteria for classification as sensitising to skin (R43) shall be used. (Classification rules as according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC).

Alternatively, classification may be considered according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008. In this case no substances or preparations may be added to the raw materials that are assigned, or may be assigned at the time of application, with the following hazard statement: H317.

Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide a declaration of non-use of these dyes.

(h)

Phthalates: Only phthalates that at the time of application have been risk assessed and have not been classified with the phrases (or combinations thereof): R60, R61, R62, R50, R51, R52, R53, R50/53, R51/53, R52/53, in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC, may be used in the product (if applicable). Additionally DNOP (di-n-octyl phthalate), DINP (di-isononyl phthalate), DIDP (di-isodecyl phthalate) are not permitted in the product.

Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance with this criterion.

(i)

Biocides: Only biocidal products containing biocidal active substances included in Annex IA of the Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (6), and authorised for use in footwear, shall be allowed for use.

Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide a declaration that the requirements of this criterion have been met along with a list of biocidal products used.

5.   Use of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during final assembly of shoes

VOCs are any organic compound having at 293,15 K a vapour pressure of 0,01 kPa or more, or having a corresponding volatility under the particular conditions of use.

The total use of VOCs during final footwear production shall not exceed, on average, 20 gram VOC/pair.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a calculation of the total use of VOCs during final shoe production, together with supporting data, test results and documentation as appropriate, with the calculation made using EN 14602. (Registration of purchased leather, adhesives, finishes and production of footwear during at least the last six months is required.)

6.   Energy Consumption

The energy consumption at the manufacturing stage shall be declared.

Assessment and verification: the applicant is requested to provide the relevant information according to the Technical appendix A1.

7.   Packaging of the final product

Where cardboard boxes are used for the final packaging of footwear, they shall be made of 100 % recycled material. Where plastic bags are used for the final packaging of footwear, they shall be made of, at least, 75 % recycled material or they shall be biodegradable or compostable, in agreement with the definitions provided by the EN 13432 (7).

Assessment and verification: a sample of the product packaging shall be provided on application, together with a corresponding declaration of compliance with this criterion. Only primary packaging, as defined in the Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and the Council (8), is subject to the criterion.

8.   Information on the packaging

(a)   User Instructions

The following information (or equivalent text) shall be supplied with the product:

‘These shoes have been treated to improve their water resistance. They do not require further treatment.’ (This criterion is applicable only to footwear that has been water-resistant treated)

‘Where possible, repair your footwear rather than throw them away. This is less damaging to the environment.’

‘When disposing of footwear, please use appropriate local recycling facilities where these are available.’

(b)   Information about the eco-label

The following text (or equivalent text) shall appear on the packaging:

‘For more information visit the EU Ecolabel website: http://www.ecolabel.eu’

(c)   Information to consumers

An information box in which the applicant explains its approach to environmental sustainability should be put on the packaging.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a sample of the product packaging and of the information supplied with the product, together with a declaration of compliance with each part of this criterion.

9.   Information appearing on the eco-label

Box 2 of the eco-label shall contain the following text:

low air and water pollution,

harmful substances reduced.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a sample of the product packaging showing the label, together with a declaration of compliance with this criterion.

10.   Parameters contributing to durability

Occupational and safety footwear shall carry the EC mark (in accordance with Council Directive 89/686/EEC (9)).

All other footwear shall meet the requirements indicated in the table overleaf.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a test report corresponding to the parameters indicated in the table overleaf, using the following test methods:

EN 13512 — Upper — Flex resistance,

EN 13571 — Upper — Tear strength,

EN 17707 — Outsoles — Flex resistance,

EN 12770 — Outsoles — Abrasion resistance,

EN 17708 — Whole sole — Sole adhesion,

EN 12771 — Outsoles — Tear strength,

EN ISO 17700 — Test methods for uppers, linings and in socks — Colour fastness to rubbing.

 

General sports

School footwear

Casual

Men's town

Cold weather footwear

Women's town

Fashion

Infants

Indoor

Uppers flex resistant:

(kc without visible damage)

Dry = 100

Wet = 20

Dry = 100

Wet = 20

Dry = 80

Wet = 20

Dry = 80

Wet = 20

Dry = 100

Wet = 20

– 20° = 30

Dry = 50

Wet = 10

Dry = 15

Dry = 15

Dry = 15

Uppers tear strength:

(Average tear force, N)

Leather

≥ 80

≥ 60

≥ 60

≥ 60

≥ 60

≥ 40

≥ 30

≥ 30

≥ 30

Other materials

≥ 40

≥ 40

≥ 40

≥ 40

≥ 40

≥ 40

≥ 30

≥ 30

≥ 30

Outsoles flex resistance:

Cut growth (mm)

≤ 4

≤ 4

≤ 4

≤ 4

≤ 4

≤ 4

 

 

 

Nsc = no spontaneous crack

Nsc

Nsc

Nsc

Nsc

Nsc at – 10 °C

Nsc

 

 

 

Outsoles abrasion resistance:

D ≥ 0,9 g/cm3 (mm3)

≤ 200

≤ 200

≤ 250

≤ 350

≤ 200

≤ 400

 

 

≤ 450

D < 0,9 g/cm3 (mg)

≤ 150

≤ 150

≤ 170

≤ 200

≤ 150

≤ 250

 

 

≤ 300

Uppersole adhesion: (N/mm)

≥ 4,0

≥ 4,0

≥ 3,0

≥ 3,5

≥ 3,5

≥ 3,0

≥ 2,5

≥ 3,0

≥ 2,5

Outsoles tear strength:

(Average strength, N/mm)

D ≥ 0,9 g/cm3

8

8

8

6

8

6

5

6

5

D < 0,9 g/cm3

6

6

6

4

6

4

4

5

4

Colour fastness of the inside of the footwear (lining or inner face of the upper). Grey scale on the felt after 50 cycles wet

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3

 

≥ 2/3

≥ 2/3


(1)  Hide is defined as ‘the outer covering or a mature or fully-grown animal of the larger kind, e.g. cattle, horses, camels, elephants, etc. …’. Skin is defined as ‘the outer covering of an animal of the smaller kinds, e.g. sheep and goats, or of the immature animals of the larger species, e.g. calves. Pigs, reptiles, birds and fish are included under skins’. (International Glossary of Leather Terms, ICT).

(2)  OJ L 135, 30.5.1991, p. 40.

(3)  OJ 196, 16.8.1967, p. 1.

(4)  OJ L 200, 30.7.1999, p. 1.

(5)  OJ L 353, 31.12.2008, p. 1.

(6)  OJ L 123, 24.4.1998, p. 1.

(7)  EN 13432 ‘Requirements for packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation — Testing scheme and evaluation criteria for the final acceptance of packaging’.

(8)  OJ L 365, 31.12.1994, Article 3(1)(a), p. 10.: ‘sales packaging or primary packaging, i.e. packaging conceived so as to constitute a sales unit to the final user or consumer at the point of purchase’.

(9)  OJ L 399, 30.12.1989, p. 18.

Technical Appendix

A1.   Energy consumption calculation

The energy consumption calculation refers only to the assembly (manufacturing stage) of the final product.

The average electric consumption (AEC) for each pair of shoes can be calculated two ways:

 

On the basis of the overall daily production of shoes of the plant:

—   MJdp= average energy used per day in production of shoes [electricity + fossil fuels] (calculated on an annual basis),

—   N= average number of pair of shoes produced per day (calculated on a annual basis),

Formula

 

On the basis of the production of eco-labelled shoes of the plant:

—   MJep= average energy used per day in production of eco-labelled shoes [electricity + fossil fuels] (calculated on an annual basis),

—   Nep= average number of pairs of eco-labelled shoes produced per day (calculated on an annual basis),

Formula


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