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Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 of 26 November 2014 on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks (Recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/1321/2016-08-25
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2014R1321 — EN — 25.08.2016 — 002.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1321/2014

of 26 November 2014

on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks

(Recast)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(OJ L 362 17.12.2014, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/1088 of 3 July 2015

  L 176

4

7.7.2015

►M2

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/1536 of 16 September 2015

  L 241

16

17.9.2015




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COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1321/2014

of 26 November 2014

on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks

(Recast)

(Text with EEA relevance)



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Article 1

Subject-matter and scope

This Regulation establishes common technical requirements and administrative procedures to ensure:

(a) the continuing airworthiness of aircraft, including any component for installation thereto, which are:

(i) registered in a Member State, unless their regulatory safety oversight has been delegated to a third country and they are not used by an EU operator; or

(ii) registered in a third country and used by an EU operator, where their regulatory safety oversight has been delegated to a Member State;

(b) compliance with the essential requirements set out in Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 for continuing airworthiness of aircraft registered in a third country and components for installation thereon for which their regulatory safety oversight has not been delegated to a Member State that are dry leased-in by a licence air carrier in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 of the European Parliament and the Council ( 1 ).

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Article 2

Definitions

Within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, the following definitions shall apply:

(a) ‘aircraft’ means any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than reactions of the air against the earth's surface;

(b) ‘certifying staff’ means personnel responsible for the release of an aircraft or a component after maintenance;

(c) ‘component’ means any engine, propeller, part or appliance;

(d) ‘continuing airworthiness’ means all of the processes ensuring that, at any time in its operating life, the aircraft complies with the airworthiness requirements in force and is in a condition for safe operation;

(e) ‘JAA’ means ‘Joint Aviation Authorities.’;

(f) ‘JAR’ means ‘Joint Aviation Requirements’;

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(g) ‘commercial air transport (CAT) operation’ means an aircraft operation to transport passengers, cargo or mail for remuneration or other valuable consideration;

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(h) ‘maintenance’ means any one or combination of the following activities: overhaul, repair, inspection, replacement, modification or defect rectification of an aircraft or component, with the exception of pre-flight inspection;

(i) ‘organisation’ means a natural person, a legal person or part of a legal person. Such an organisation may be established at more than one location whether or not within the territory of the Member States;

(j) ‘pre-flight inspection’ means the inspection carried out before flight to ensure that the aircraft is fit for the intended flight;

(k) ‘ELA1 aircraft’ means the following manned European light aircraft:

(i) an aeroplane with a maximum take-off mass (MTOM) of 1 200 kg or less that is not classified as complex motor-powered aircraft;

(ii) a sailplane or powered sailplane of 1 200 kg MTOM or less;

(iii) a balloon with a maximum design lifting gas or hot air volume of not more than 3 400 m3 for hot air balloons, 1 050 m3 for gas balloons, 300 m3 for tethered gas balloons;

(iv) an airship designed for not more than four occupants and a maximum design lifting gas or hot air volume of not more than 3 400 m3 for hot air airships and 1 000 m3 for gas airships;

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(ka) ‘ELA2 aircraft’ means the following manned European Light Aircraft:

(i) an aeroplane with a Maximum Take-off Mass (MTOM) of 2 000 kg or less that is not classified as complex motor-powered aircraft;

(ii) a sailplane or powered sailplane of 2 000 kg MTOM or less;

(iii) a balloon;

(iv) a hot air ship;

(v) a gas airship complying with all of the following characteristics:

 3 % maximum static heaviness,

 non-vectored thrust (except reverse thrust),

 conventional and simple design of structure, control system and ballonet system, and

 non-power assisted controls;

(vi) a Very Light Rotorcraft;

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(l) ‘LSA aircraft’ means a light sport aeroplane which has all of the following characteristics:

(i) a Maximum Take-off Mass (MTOM) of not more than 600 kg;

(ii) a maximum stalling speed in the landing configuration (VS0) of not more than 45 knots Calibrated Airspeed (CAS) at the aircraft's maximum certificated take-off mass and most critical centre of gravity;

(iii) a maximum seating capacity of no more than two persons, including the pilot;

(iv) a single, non-turbine engine fitted with a propeller;

(v) a non-pressurised cabin;

(m) ‘principal place of business’ means the head office or the registered office of the undertaking within which the principal financial functions and operational control of the activities referred to in this Regulation are exercised;

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(n) ‘critical maintenance task’ means a maintenance task that involves the assembly or any disturbance of a system or any part on an aircraft, engine or propeller that, if an error occurred during its performance, could directly endanger the flight safety;

(o) ‘commercial specialised operations’ means those operations subject to the requirements of Part-ORO, Subpart-SPO set out in Annex III to Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 ( 2 );

(p) ‘limited operations’ means the operations of other-than-complex motor-powered aircraft for:

(i) cost-shared flights by private individuals, on the condition that the direct cost is shared by all the occupants of the aircraft, pilot included and the number of persons sharing the direct costs is limited to six;

(ii) competition flights or flying displays, on the condition that the remuneration or any valuable consideration given for such flights is limited to recovery of direct costs and a proportionate contribution to annual costs, as well as prizes of no more than a value specified by the competent authority;

(iii) introductory flights, parachute dropping, sailplane towing or aerobatic flights performed either by a training organisation having its principal place of business in a Member State and approved in accordance with Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 ( 3 ), or by an organisation created with the aim of promoting aerial sport or leisure aviation, on the condition that the aircraft is operated by the organisation on the basis of ownership or dry lease, that the flight does not generate profits distributed outside of the organisation, and that whenever non-members of the organisation are involved, such flights represent only a marginal activity of the organisation;

For the purpose of this Regulation, ‘limited operations’ are not considered as CAT operations or commercial specialised operations;

(q) ‘introductory flight’ means ‘introductory flight’ as defined in Article 2(9) of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012;

(r) ‘competition flight’ means ‘competition flight’ as defined in Article 2(10) of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012;

(s) ‘flying display’ means ‘flying display’ as defined in Article 2(11) of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012.

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Article 3

Continuing airworthiness requirements

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1.  The continuing airworthiness of aircraft referred to in Article 1(a) and components for installation thereon shall be ensured in accordance with the provisions of Annex I.

2.  Organisations and personnel involved in the continuing airworthiness of aircraft referred to in Article 1(a) and components for installation thereon, including maintenance, shall comply with Annex I and where appropriate the provisions specified in Articles 4 and 5.

3.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the continuing airworthiness of aircraft referred to in Article 1(a) holding a permit to fly, shall be ensured on the basis of the specific continuing airworthiness arrangements as defined in the permit to fly issued in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

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4.  Maintenance programmes approved in accordance with the requirements applicable before 27 July 2015 shall be deemed to have been approved in accordance with the requirements set out in this Regulation.

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5.  The continuing airworthiness of aircraft referred to in Article 1(b) and components for installation thereon shall be ensured in accordance with the provisions of Annex Va.

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Article 4

Maintenance organisation approvals

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1.  Maintenance organisation approvals shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of Annex I, Subpart F, or Annex II.

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2.  Maintenance approvals issued or recognised by a Member State in accordance with the JAA requirements and procedures and valid before the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

3.  Personnel qualified to carry out and/or control a continued airworthiness non-destructive test of aircraft structures and/or components, on the basis of any standard recognised by a Member State prior to the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 as providing an equivalent level of qualification, may continue to carry out and/or control such tests.

4.  Certificates of release to service and authorised release certificates issued before the date of entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 1056/2008 by a maintenance organisation approved under the Member State requirements shall be deemed equivalent to those required under points M.A.801 and M.A.802 of Annex I (Part-M) respectively.

Article 5

Certifying staff

1.  Certifying staff shall be qualified in accordance with the provisions of Annex III (Part-66), except as provided for in points M.A.606(h), M.A.607(b), M.A.801(d) and M.A.803 of Annex I (Part-M) and in point 145.A.30(j) and Appendix IV to Annex II (Part-145).

2.  Any aircraft maintenance licence and, if any, the technical limitations associated with that licence, issued or recognised by a Member State in accordance with the JAA requirements and procedures and valid at the time of entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003, shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

3.  Certifying staff holding a licence issued in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) in a given category/sub-category are deemed to have the privileges described in point 66.A.20(a) of the same Annex corresponding to such a category/sub-category. The basic knowledge requirements corresponding to these new privileges shall be deemed as met for the purpose of extending such licence to a new category/sub-category.

4.  Certifying staff holding a licence including aircraft which do not require an individual type rating may continue to exercise his/her privileges until the first renewal or change, where the licence shall be converted following the procedure described in point 66.B.125 of Annex III (Part-66) to the ratings defined in point 66.A.45 of the same Annex.

5.  Conversion reports and Examination credit reports complying with the requirements applicable before Regulation (EU) No 1149/2011 applied shall be deemed to be in compliance with this Regulation.

6.  Until such time as this Regulation specifies requirements for certifying staff:

(i) for aircraft other than aeroplanes and helicopters;

(ii) for components;

the requirements in force in the relevant Member State shall continue to apply, except for maintenance organisations located outside the European Union where the requirements shall be approved by the Agency.

Article 6

Training organisation requirements

1.  Organisations involved in the training of personnel referred to in Article 5 shall be approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147) to be entitled:

(a) to conduct recognised basic training courses; and/or

(b) to conduct recognised type training courses; and

(c) to conduct examinations; and

(d) to issue training certificates.

2.  Any maintenance training organisation approval issued or recognised by a Member State in accordance with the JAA requirements and procedures and valid at the time of entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

3.  Type training courses approved before the approval of the minimum syllabus of certifying staff type rating training in the operational suitability data for the relevant type in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 shall include the relevant elements defined in the mandatory part of that operational suitability data not later than 18 December 2017 or within two years after the operational suitability data was approved, whichever is the latest.

Article 7

Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 is repealed.

References to the repealed Regulation shall be construed as references to this Regulation and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in Annex VI.

Article 8

Entry into force

1.  This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

2.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, Member States may elect not to apply:

(a) for the maintenance of piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and below not involved in commercial air transport,

until 28 September 2014, the requirement to have certifying staff qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) contained in the following provisions:

 points M.A.606(g) and M.A.801(b)2 of Annex I (Part-M),

 points 145.A.30(g) and (h) of Annex II (Part-145);

(b) for the maintenance of ELA1 aeroplanes not involved in commercial air transport, until ►M1  28 September 2016 ◄ :

(i) the requirement for the competent authority to issue aircraft maintenance licences in accordance with Annex III (Part-66), as new or as converted pursuant to point 66.A.70 of the same Annex;

(ii) the requirement to have certifying staff qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) contained in the following provisions:

 points M.A.606(g) and M.A.801(b)2 of Annex I (Part-M),

 points 145.A.30(g) and (h) of Annex II (Part-145);

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(c) for aircraft registered in a third country and dry leased-in by air carriers licenced in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, until 25 August 2017, the requirements of Annex Va.

2a.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the requirements for aircraft used for commercial specialised operations and CAT other than those by air carriers licenced in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, set out in Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, as amended by Regulation (EU) No 379/2014 ( 4 ), shall apply from 21 April 2017.

Until that time:

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.201(f) shall apply to complex motor-powered aircraft used by operators requested by a Member State to hold a certificate for commercial operations other than licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and to commercial ATOs;

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.201(h) shall apply to other than complex motor-powered aircraft, used by operators requested by a Member State to hold a certificate for commercial operations other than licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and to commercial ATOs;

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.306(a) shall apply to aircraft used by licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and aircraft used by operators requested by a Member State to hold a certificate for commercial operations;

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.801(c) shall apply to ELA1 not used by licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and not used by commercial ATOs;

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.803(b) shall apply to non-complex motor-powered aircraft of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, sailplane, powered sailplane or balloon, not used by licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, or by operators requested by a Member State to hold a certificate for commercial operations, or by commercial ATOs;

 The provisions of Annex I, point M.A.901(g) shall apply to ELA1 aircraft not used by licence air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, or by operators requested by a Member State to hold a certificate for commercial operations, or by commercial ATOs.

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3.  When a Member State makes use of the provisions of paragraph 2 it shall notify the Commission and the Agency.

4.  For the purpose of time limits contained in points 66.A.25, 66.A.30 and Appendix III of Annex III (Part-66) related to basic knowledge examinations, basic experience, theoretical type training and examinations, practical training and assessment, type examinations and on the job training completed before ►M1  Regulation (EU) No 1149/2011 ◄ applied, the origin of time shall be the date by which ►M1  Regulation (EU) No 1149/2011 ◄ applied.

5.  The Agency shall submit an opinion to the Commission including proposals for a simple and proportionate system for the licensing of certifying staff involved in the maintenance of ELA1 aeroplanes as well as aircraft other than aeroplanes and helicopters.

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6.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1:

(a) competent authorities or, where applicable, organisations may continue to issue certificates, previous issue, as laid down in Appendix III to Annex I (Part-M) or Appendix II and Appendix III to Annex IV (Part-147) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014, in force prior to 27 July 2015, until 31 December 2015.

(b) certificates issued before 1 January 2016 remain valid until they are changed, suspended or revoked.

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Article 9

Agency measures

1.  The Agency shall develop acceptable means of compliance (hereinafter called ‘AMC’) that competent authorities, organisations and personnel may use to demonstrate compliance with the provisions of the Annexes to this Regulation.

2.  The AMC issued by the Agency shall neither introduce new requirements nor alleviate the requirements of the Annexes to this Regulation.

3.  Without prejudice to Articles 54 and 55 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, when the acceptable means of compliance issued by the Agency are used, the related requirements of the Annexes to this Regulation shall be considered as met without further demonstration.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.




ANNEX I

(Part-M)

CONTENTS

M.1

SECTION A —

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

SUBPART A —

GENERAL

M.A.101

Scope

SUBPART B —

ACCOUNTABILITY

M.A.201

Responsibilities

M.A.202

Occurrence reporting

SUBPART C —

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS

M.A.301

Continuing airworthiness tasks

M.A.302

Aircraft Maintenance Programme

M.A.303

Airworthiness directives

M.A.304

Data for modifications and repairs

M.A.305

Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system

M.A.306

Aircraft technical log system

M.A.307

Transfer of aircraft continuing airworthiness records

SUBPART D —

MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

M.A.401

Maintenance data

M.A.402

Performance of maintenance

M.A.403

Aircraft defects

SUBPART E —

COMPONENTS

M.A.501

Installation

M.A.502

Component maintenance

M.A.503

Service life limited components

M.A.504

Control of unserviceable components

SUBPART F —

MAINTENANCE ORGANISATION

M.A.601

Scope

M.A.602

Application

M.A.603

Extent of approval

M.A.604

Maintenance organisation manual

M.A.605

Facilities

M.A.606

Personnel requirements

M.A.607

Certifying staff and airworthiness review staff

M.A.608

Components, equipment and tools

M.A.609

Maintenance data

M.A.610

Maintenance work orders

M.A.611

Maintenance standards

M.A.612

Aircraft certificate of release to service

M.A.613

Component certificate of release to service

M.A.614

Maintenance and airworthiness review records

M.A.615

Privileges of the organisation

M.A.616

Organisational review

M.A.617

Changes to the approved maintenance organisation

M.A.618

Continued validity of approval

M.A.619

Findings

SUBPART G —

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION

M.A.701

Scope

M.A.702

Application

M.A.703

Extent of approval

M.A.704

Continuing airworthiness management exposition

M.A.705

Facilities

M.A.706

Personnel requirements

M.A.707

Airworthiness review staff

M.A.708

Continuing airworthiness management

M.A.709

Documentation

M.A.710

Airworthiness review

M.A.711

Privileges of the organisation

M.A.712

Quality system

M.A.713

Changes to the approved continuing airworthiness organisation

M.A.714

Record-keeping

M.A.715

Continued validity of approval

M.A.716

Findings

SUBPART H —

CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE TO SERVICE — CRS

M.A.801

Aircraft certificate of release to service

M.A.802

Component certificate of release to service

M.A.803

Pilot-owner authorisation

SUBPART I —

AIRWORTHINESS REVIEW CERTIFICATE

M.A.901

Aircraft airworthiness review

M.A.902

Validity of the airworthiness review certificate

M.A.903

Transfer of aircraft registration within the EU

M.A.904

Airworthiness review of aircraft imported into the EU

M.A.905

Findings

SECTION B —

PROCEDURES FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

SUBPART A —

GENERAL

M.B.101

Scope

M.B.102

Competent authority

M.B.104

Record-keeping

M.B.105

Mutual exchange of information

SUBPART B —

ACCOUNTABILITY

M.B.201

Responsibilities

SUBPART C —

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS

M.B.301

Maintenance programme

M.B.302

Exemptions

M.B.303

Aircraft continuing airworthiness monitoring

M.B.304

Revocation and suspension

SUBPART D —

MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

SUBPART E —

COMPONENTS

SUBPART F —

MAINTENANCE ORGANISATION

M.B.601

Application

M.B.602

Initial Approval

M.B.603

Issue of approval

M.B.604

Continuing oversight

M.B.605

Findings

M.B.606

Changes

M.B.607

Revocation, suspension and limitation of an approval

SUBPART G —

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION

M.B.701

Application

M.B.702

Initial approval

M.B.703

Issue of approval

M.B.704

Continuing oversight

M.B.705

Findings

M.B.706

Changes

M.B.707

Revocation, suspension and limitation of an approval

SUBPART H —

CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE TO SERVICE — CRS

SUBPART I —

AIRWORTHINESS REVIEW CERTIFICATE

M.B.901

Assessment of recommendations

M.B.902

Airworthiness review by the competent authority

M.B.903

Findings

Appendix I —

Continuing airworthiness management contract

Appendix II —

Authorised Release Certificate — EASA Form 1

Appendix III —

Airworthiness Review Certificate — EASA Form 15

Appendix IV —

Class and Ratings System used for the Approval of Maintenance Organisations referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F and in Annex II (Part-145)

Appendix V —

Maintenance Organisation Approval referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F

Appendix VI —

Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation Approval referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart G

Appendix VII —

Complex Maintenance Tasks

Appendix VIII —

Limited Pilot Owner Maintenance

M.1

For the purpose of this Part, the competent authority shall be:

1. for the oversight of the continuing airworthiness of individual aircraft and the issue of airworthiness review certificates the authority designated by the Member State of registry;

2. for the oversight of a maintenance organisation as specified in Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M):

(i) the authority designated by the Member State where that organisation's principle place of business is located;

(ii) the Agency if the organisation is located in a third country;

3. for the oversight of a continuing airworthiness management organisation as specified in Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M):

(i) the authority designated by the Member State where that organisation's principle place of business is located if the approval is not included in an air operator's certificate;

(ii) the authority designated by the Member State of the operator if the approval is included in an air operator's certificate;

(iii) the Agency if the organisation is located in a third country;

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4. for the approval of maintenance programmes,

(i) the authority designated by the Member State of registry; or

(ii) if agreed with the Member State of registry prior to the approval of the maintenance programme:

(a) the authority designated by the State where the operator has its principal place of business or is established or residing; or

(b) the authority responsible for the oversight of the continuing airworthiness management organisation managing the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft, or with which a limited contract in accordance with M.A.201(i)(3) has been made by the owner.

▼B

SECTION A

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

SUBPART A

GENERAL

M.A.101    Scope

This Section establishes the measures to be taken to ensure that airworthiness is maintained, including maintenance. It also specifies the conditions to be met by the persons or organisations involved in such continuing airworthiness management.

SUBPART B

ACCOUNTABILITY

M.A.201    Responsibilities

(a) The owner is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of an aircraft and shall ensure that no flight takes place unless:

1. the aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition, and;

2. any operational and emergency equipment fitted is correctly installed and serviceable or clearly identified as unserviceable, and;

3. the airworthiness certificate remains valid, and;

▼M1

4. the maintenance of aircraft is performed in accordance with the maintenance programme as specified in point M.A.302.

▼B

(b) When the aircraft is leased, the responsibilities of the owner are transferred to the lessee if:

1. the lessee is stipulated on the registration document; or

2. detailed in the leasing contract.

When reference is made in this Part to the ‘owner’, the term owner covers the owner or the lessee, as applicable.

(c) Any person or organisation performing maintenance shall be responsible for the tasks performed.

▼M2

(d) The pilot-in-command or, in the case of air carriers licenced in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the operator shall be responsible for the satisfactory accomplishment of the pre-flight inspection. This inspection must be carried out by the pilot or another qualified person but need not be carried out by an approved maintenance organisation or by Part-66 certifying staff.

(e) In the case of aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the operator is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft it operates and shall:

(1) ensure that no flight takes place unless the conditions defined in point (a) are met;

(2) be approved, as part of its air operator certificate, as a continuing airworthiness management organisation pursuant to M.A. Subpart G (CAMO) for the aircraft it operates; and

(3) be approved in accordance with Part-145 or establish a contract in accordance with M.A.708(c) with such organisation.

(f) For complex motor-powered aircraft used for commercial specialised operations, or CAT other than those by air carriers licenced in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, or commercial ATOs, the operator shall ensure that:

(1) no flight takes place unless the conditions defined in paragraph (a) are met;

(2) the tasks associated with continuing airworthiness are performed by an approved CAMO. When the operator is not CAMO approved itself then the operator shall establish a written contract in accordance with Appendix I with such an organisation, and

(3) the CAMO referred to in (2) is approved in accordance with Part-145 for the maintenance of the aircraft and components for installation thereon, or it has established a contract in accordance with M.A.708(c) with such organisations.

(g) For complex motor-powered aircraft not included in point (e) or point (f), the owner shall ensure that:

(1) no flight takes place unless the conditions defined in paragraph (a) are met;

(2) the tasks associated with continuing airworthiness are performed by an approved CAMO. When the owner is not CAMO approved itself then the owner shall establish a written contract in accordance with Appendix I with such an organisation, and

(3) the CAMO referred to in (2) is approved in accordance with Part-145 for the maintenance of the aircraft and components for installation thereon, or it has established a contract in accordance with M.A.708(c) with such organisations.

(h) For other than complex motor-powered aircraft, used for commercial specialised operations, or CAT other than those by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, or commercial ATOs, the operator shall ensure that:

(1) no flight takes place unless the conditions defined in point (a) are met;

(2) the tasks associated with continuing airworthiness are performed by an approved CAMO. When the operator is not CAMO approved itself then the operator shall establish a written contract in accordance with Appendix I with such an organisation, and

(3) the CAMO referred to in point (2) is approved in accordance with Part-M Subpart-F or Part-145 for the maintenance of the aircraft and components for installation thereon, or it has established a contract in accordance with M.A.708(c) with such organisations.

(i) For other than complex motor-powered aircraft not included in point (e) or (h), or used for ‘limited operations’, the owner is responsible for ensuring that no flight takes place unless the conditions defined in point (a) are met. To that end, the owner shall:

(1) contract the tasks associated with continuing airworthiness to an approved CAMO though a written contract in accordance with Appendix I, which will transfer the responsibility for the accomplishment of these tasks to the contracted CAMO, or;

(2) manage the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft under its own responsibility, without contracting an approved CAMO, or;

(3) manage the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft under its own responsibility and establish a limited contract for the development of the maintenance programme and for processing its approval in accordance with point M.A.302 with:

 an approved CAMO, or

 in the case of ELA2 aircraft, a Part-145 or M.A. Subpart F maintenance organisation.

This limited contract transfers the responsibility for the development and, except in the case where a declaration is issued by the owner in accordance with M.A.302(h), processing the approval of the maintenance programme to the contracted organisation.

(j) The owner/operator shall ensure that any person authorised by the competent authority is granted access to any of its facilities, aircraft or documents related to its activities, including any subcontracted activities, to determine compliance with this Part.

▼B

M.A.202    Occurrence reporting

(a) Any person or organisation responsible in accordance with point M.A.201 shall report to the competent authority designated by the State of Registry, the organisation responsible for the type design or supplemental type design and, if applicable, the Member State of operator, any identified condition of an aircraft or component which endangers flight safety.

(b) Reports shall be made in a manner established by the Agency and contain all pertinent information about the condition known to the person or organisation.

(c) Where the person or organisation maintaining the aircraft is contracted by an owner or an operator to carry out maintenance, the person or the organisation maintaining the aircraft shall also report to the owner, the operator or the continuing airworthiness management organisation any such condition affecting the owner's or the operator's aircraft or component.

(d) Reports shall be made as soon as practicable, but in any case within 72 hours of the person or organisation identifying the condition to which the report relates.

SUBPART C

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS

M.A.301    Continuing airworthiness tasks

The aircraft continuing airworthiness and the serviceability of both operational and emergency equipment shall be ensured by:

1. the accomplishment of pre-flight inspections;

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2. the rectification in accordance with data specified in point M.A.304 and/or point M.A.401, as applicable, of any defect and damage affecting safe operation taking into account, the minimum equipment list (MEL) and configuration deviation list, when applicable;

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3. the accomplishment of all maintenance, in accordance with the M.A.302 aircraft maintenance programme;

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4. for all complex motor-powered aircraft or aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the analysis of the effectiveness of the M.A.302 approved maintenance programme;

▼B

5. the accomplishment of any applicable:

(i) airworthiness directive;

(ii) operational directive with a continuing airworthiness impact;

(iii) continued airworthiness requirement established by the Agency;

(iv) measures mandated by the competent authority in immediate reaction to a safety problem;

6. the accomplishment of modifications and repairs in accordance with point M.A.304;

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7. for non-mandatory modifications and/or inspections, for all complex motor-powered aircraft or aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the establishment of an embodiment policy;

▼B

8. maintenance check flights when necessary.

M.A.302    Aircraft Maintenance Programme

(a) Maintenance of each aircraft shall be organised in accordance with an aircraft maintenance programme.

(b) The aircraft maintenance programme and any subsequent amendments shall be approved by the competent authority.

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(c) When the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is managed by a continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part M) or when there is a limited contract between the owner and this organisation in accordance with point M.A.201(i)(3), the aircraft maintenance programme and its amendments may be approved through an indirect approval procedure.

(i) In that case, the indirect approval procedure shall be established by the continuing airworthiness management organisation as part of the Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition and shall be approved by the competent authority responsible for that continuing airworthiness management organisation.

(ii) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall not use the indirect approval procedure when this organisation is not under the oversight of the Member State of Registry, unless an agreement exists in accordance with point M.1, paragraph 4(ii), transferring the responsibility for the approval of the aircraft maintenance programme to the competent authority responsible for the continuing airworthiness management organisation.

▼B

(d) The aircraft maintenance programme must establish compliance with:

(i) instructions issued by the competent authority;

(ii) instructions for continuing airworthiness:

 issued by the holders of the type-certificate, restricted type-certificate, supplemental type-certificate, major repair design approval, ETSO authorisation or any other relevant approval issued under Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 and its Annex I (Part-21), and

 included in the certification specifications referred to in point 21A.90B or 21A.431B of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012, if applicable;

(iii) additional or alternative instructions proposed by the owner or the continuing airworthiness management organisation once approved in accordance with point M.A.302, except for intervals of safety related tasks referred in point (e), which may be escalated, subject to sufficient reviews carried out in accordance with point (g) and only when subject to direct approval in accordance with point M.A.302(b).

(e) The aircraft maintenance programme shall contain details, including frequency, of all maintenance to be carried out, including any specific tasks linked to the type and the specificity of operations.

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(f) For complex motor-powered aircraft, when the maintenance programme is based on maintenance steering group logic or on condition monitoring, the aircraft maintenance programme shall include a reliability programme.

▼B

(g) The aircraft maintenance programme shall be subject to periodic reviews and amended accordingly when necessary. These reviews shall ensure that the programme continues to be valid in light of the operating experience and instructions from the competent authority whilst taking into account new and/or modified maintenance instructions promulgated by the type certificate and supplementary type certificate holders and any other organisation that publishes such data in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

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(h) In the case of ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations, compliance with points (b), (c), (d), (e), and (g) may be replaced by compliance with all the following conditions:

1. The aircraft maintenance programme shall clearly identify the owner and the specific aircraft to which it refers, including any installed engine and propeller.

2. The aircraft maintenance programme shall either:

 comply with the ‘Minimum Inspection Programme’, contained in point (i), corresponding to the particular aircraft, or

 comply with points (d) and (e).

The maintenance programme shall not be less restrictive than the ‘Minimum Inspection Programme’.

3. The aircraft maintenance programme shall include all the mandatory continuing airworthiness requirements, such as repetitive Airworthiness Directives, the Airworthiness Limitation Section (ALS) of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) or specific maintenance requirements contained in the Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS).

In addition, the aircraft maintenance programme shall identify any additional maintenance tasks to be performed because of the specific aircraft type, aircraft configuration and type and specificity of operation. The following elements shall be taken into consideration as a minimum:

 Specific installed equipment and modifications of the aircraft.

 Repairs incorporated in the aircraft.

 Life Limited components and flight safety critical components.

 Maintenance recommendations, such as Time Between Overhaul (TBO) intervals, recommended through service bulletins, service letters, and other non-mandatory service information.

 Applicable operational directives/requirements related to the periodic inspection of certain equipment.

 Special operational approvals.

 Use of the aircraft and operational environment.

 Pilot-owner maintenance (if applicable).

4. If the maintenance programme is not approved by the competent authority (directly or by the M.A.Subpart G organisation via an indirect approval procedure), the aircraft maintenance programme shall contain a signed statement where the owner declares that this is the aircraft maintenance programme for the particular aircraft registration and he/she declares to be fully responsible for its content and, in particular, for any deviations introduced as regards the Design Approval Holder recommendations.

5. The aircraft maintenance programme shall be reviewed at least annually. This review of the maintenance programme shall be performed either:

 by the person who performs the airworthiness review of the aircraft in accordance with point M.A.710(ga), or

 by the M.A. Subpart G organisation managing the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft in those cases where the review of the maintenance programme is not performed in conjunction with an airworthiness review.

If the review shows discrepancies on the aircraft linked to deficiencies in the content of the maintenance programme, the person performing the review shall inform the competent authority of the Member State of registry and the owner shall amend the maintenance programme as agreed with such competent authority.

(i) In the case of ELA1 aircraft other than airships, not involved in commercial operations, the ‘Minimum Inspection Programme’ referred to in point (h) shall comply with the following conditions:

1. It shall contain the following inspection intervals:

 For ELA1 aeroplanes and ELA1 Touring Motor Gliders (TMG), every annual or 100 h interval, whichever comes first. A tolerance of 1 month or 10 h may be applied to that interval as long as the next interval is calculated from the date or hours originally scheduled.

 For ELA1 sailplanes, ELA1 powered sailplanes other than TMG and ELA1 balloons, every annual interval. A tolerance of 1 month may be applied to that interval as long as the next interval is calculated from the date originally scheduled.

2. It shall contain the following:

 Servicing tasks as required by the Design Approval Holder's requirements.

 Inspection of markings.

 Review of weighing records and weighing in accordance with Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 ( 5 ), point NCO.POL.105.

 Operational test of transponder (if existing).

 Operational test of the pitot-static system.

 In the case of ELA1 aeroplanes:

 

 Operational checks for power and rpm, magnetos, fuel and oil pressure, engine temperatures.

 For engines equipped with automated engine control, the published run-up procedure.

 For dry-sump engines, engines with turbochargers and liquid-cooled engines, an operational check for signs of disturbed fluid circulation.

 Inspection of the condition and attachment of the structural items, systems and components corresponding to the following areas:

 

 For ELA1 aeroplanes:

 

 Airframe

 Cabin and cockpit

 Landing gear

 Wing and centre section

 Flight controls

 Empennage

 Avionics and electrics

 Powerplant

 Clutches and gearboxes

 Propeller

 Miscellaneous systems such as the ballistic rescue system

 For ELA1 sailplanes and ELA1 powered sailplanes:

 

 Airframe

 Cabin and cockpit

 Landing gear

 Wing and centre section

 Empennage

 Avionics and electrics

 Powerplant (when applicable)

 Miscellaneous systems such as removable ballast, drag chute and controls, and water ballast system

 For ELA1 hot-air balloons:

 

 Envelope

 Burner

 Basket

 Fuel containers

 Equipment and instruments

 For ELA1 gas balloons:

 

 Envelope

 Basket

 Equipment and instruments

Until such time as this Regulation specifies a ‘Minimum Inspection Programme’ for airships, their maintenance programme shall comply with points (d) and (e).

▼B

M.A.303    Airworthiness directives

Any applicable airworthiness directive must be carried out within the requirements of that airworthiness directive, unless otherwise specified by the Agency.

M.A.304    Data for modifications and repairs

Damage shall be assessed and modifications and repairs carried out using as appropriate:

(a) data approved by the Agency; or

(b) data approved by a Part-21 design organisation; or

(c) data contained in the certification specifications referred to in point 21A.90B or 21A.431B of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

M.A.305    Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system

(a) At the completion of any maintenance, the certificate of release to service required by point M.A.801 or point 145.A.50 shall be entered in the aircraft continuing airworthiness records. Each entry shall be made as soon as practicable but in no case more than 30 days after the day of the maintenance action.

(b) The aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall consist of:

1. an aircraft logbook, engine logbook(s) or engine module log cards, propeller logbook(s) and log cards for any service life limited component as appropriate, and,

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2. when required in point M.A.306, the operator's technical log.

▼B

(c) The aircraft type and registration mark, the date, together with total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or landings, as appropriate, shall be entered in the aircraft logbooks.

(d) The aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall contain the current:

1. status of airworthiness directives and measures mandated by the competent authority in immediate reaction to a safety problem;

2. status of modifications and repairs;

3. status of compliance with maintenance programme;

4. status of service life limited components;

5. mass and balance report;

6. list of deferred maintenance.

(e) In addition to the authorised release document, EASA Form 1 or equivalent, the following information relevant to any component installed (engine, propeller, engine module or service life-limited component) shall be entered in the appropriate engine or propeller logbook, engine module or service life limited component log card:

1. identification of the component; and

2. the type, serial number and registration, as appropriate, of the aircraft, engine, propeller, engine module or service life-limited component to which the particular component has been fitted, along with the reference to the installation and removal of the component; and

3. the date together with the component's accumulated total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or landings and/or calendar time, as appropriate; and

4. the current point (d) information applicable to the component.

(f) The person responsible for the management of continuing airworthiness tasks pursuant to Section A, Subpart B of this Annex (Part M), shall control the records as detailed in this point and present the records to the competent authority upon request.

(g) All entries made in the aircraft continuing airworthiness records shall be clear and accurate. When it is necessary to correct an entry, the correction shall be made in a manner that clearly shows the original entry.

(h) An owner or operator shall ensure that a system has been established to keep the following records for the periods specified:

1. all detailed maintenance records in respect of the aircraft and any service life-limited component fitted thereto, until such time as the information contained therein is superseded by new information equivalent in scope and detail but not less than 36 months after the aircraft or component has been released to service; and

2. the total time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) of the aircraft and all service life-limited components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service; and

3. the time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) as appropriate, since last scheduled maintenance of the component subjected to a service life limit, at least until the component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by another scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail; and

4. the current status of compliance with maintenance programme such that compliance with the approved aircraft maintenance programme can be established, at least until the aircraft or component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by other scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail; and

5. the current status of airworthiness directives applicable to the aircraft and components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service; and

6. details of current modifications and repairs to the aircraft, engine(s), propeller(s) and any other component vital to flight safety, at least 12 months after they have been permanently withdrawn from service.

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M.A.306    Aircraft technical log system

(a) For CAT, commercial specialised operations and commercial ATO operations, in addition to the requirements of M.A.305, the operator shall use a technical log system containing the following information for each aircraft:

1. information about each flight, necessary to ensure continued flight safety, and;

2. the current aircraft certificate of release to service, and;

3. the current maintenance statement giving the aircraft maintenance status of what scheduled and out of phase maintenance is next due except that the competent authority may agree to the maintenance statement being kept elsewhere, and;

4. all outstanding deferred defects rectifications that affect the operation of the aircraft, and;

5. any necessary guidance instructions on maintenance support arrangements.

▼B

(b) The aircraft technical log system and any subsequent amendment shall be approved by the competent authority.

(c) An operator shall ensure that the aircraft technical log is retained for 36 months after the date of the last entry.

M.A.307    Transfer of aircraft continuing airworthiness records

(a) The owner or operator shall ensure when an aircraft is permanently transferred from one owner or operator to another that the M.A.305 continuing airworthiness records and, if applicable, M.A.306 operator's technical log are also transferred.

(b) The owner shall ensure, when he contracts the continuing airworthiness management tasks to a continuing airworthiness management organisation, that the M.A.305 continuing airworthiness records are transferred to the organisation.

(c) The time periods prescribed for the retention of records shall continue to apply to the new owner, operator or continuing airworthiness management organisation.

SUBPART D

MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

M.A.401    Maintenance data

(a) The person or organisation maintaining an aircraft shall have access to and use only applicable current maintenance data in the performance of maintenance including modifications and repairs.

(b) For the purposes of this Part, applicable maintenance data is:

1. any applicable requirement, procedure, standard or information issued by the competent authority or the Agency,

2. any applicable airworthiness directive,

3. applicable instructions for continuing airworthiness, issued by type certificate holders, supplementary type certificate holders and any other organisation that publishes such data in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

4. any applicable data issued in accordance with point 145.A.45(d).

(c) The person or organisation maintaining an aircraft shall ensure that all applicable maintenance data is current and readily available for use when required. The person or organisation shall establish a work card or worksheet system to be used and shall either transcribe accurately the maintenance data onto such work cards or worksheets or make precise reference to the particular maintenance task or tasks contained in such maintenance data.

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M.A.402    Performance of maintenance

Except for maintenance performed by a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145), any person or organisation performing maintenance shall:

(a) be qualified for the tasks performed, as required by this part;

(b) ensure that the area in which maintenance is carried out is well organised and clean in respect of dirt and contamination;

(c) use the methods, techniques, standards and instructions specified in the M.A.401 maintenance data;

(d) use the tools, equipment and material specified in the M.A.401 maintenance data. If necessary, tools and equipment shall be controlled and calibrated to an officially recognised standard;

(e) ensure that maintenance is performed within any environmental limitations specified in the M.A.401 maintenance data;

(f) ensure that proper facilities are used in case of inclement weather or lengthy maintenance;

(g) ensure that the risk of multiple errors during maintenance and the risk of errors being repeated in identical maintenance tasks are minimised;

(h) ensure that an error capturing method is implemented after the performance of any critical maintenance task; and

(i) carry out a general verification after completion of maintenance to ensure the aircraft or component is clear of all tools, equipment and any extraneous parts or material, and that all access panels removed have been refitted.

▼B

M.A.403    Aircraft defects

(a) Any aircraft defect that hazards seriously the flight safety shall be rectified before further flight.

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(b) Only the authorised certifying staff, according to points M.A.801(b)1, M.A.801(b)2, M.A.801(c), M.A.801(d) or Annex II (Part-145) can decide, using M.A.401 maintenance data, whether an aircraft defect hazards seriously the flight safety and therefore decide when and which rectification action shall be taken before further flight and which defect rectification can be deferred. However, this does not apply when the MEL is used by the pilot or by the authorised certifying staff.

(c) Any aircraft defect that would not hazard seriously the flight safety shall be rectified as soon as practicable, after the date the aircraft defect was first identified and within any limits specified in the maintenance data or the MEL.

▼B

(d) Any defect not rectified before flight shall be recorded in the M.A.305 aircraft maintenance record system or M.A.306 operator's technical log system as applicable.

SUBPART E

COMPONENTS

M.A.501    Installation

(a) No component may be fitted unless it is in a satisfactory condition, has been appropriately released to service on an EASA Form 1 or equivalent and is marked in accordance with Annex I (Part-21), Subpart Q, unless otherwise specified in Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012, Annex II (Part-145) or Subpart F, Section A of Annex I to this Regulation.

(b) Prior to installation of a component on an aircraft the person or approved maintenance organisation shall ensure that the particular component is eligible to be fitted when different modification and/or airworthiness directive configurations may be applicable.

(c) Standard parts shall only be fitted to an aircraft or a component when the maintenance data specifies the particular standard part. Standard parts shall only be fitted when accompanied by evidence of conformity traceable to the applicable standard.

(d) Material being either raw material or consumable material shall only be used on an aircraft or a component when the aircraft or component manufacturer states so in relevant maintenance data or as specified in Annex II (Part-145). Such material shall only be used when the material meets the required specification and has appropriate traceability. All material must be accompanied by documentation clearly relating to the particular material and containing a conformity to specification statement plus both the manufacturing and supplier source.

M.A.502    Component maintenance

(a) Except for components referred to in point 21A.307(c) of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012, the maintenance of components shall be performed by maintenance organisations appropriately approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M) or with Annex II (Part-145).

(b) By derogation from point (a), maintenance of a component in accordance with aircraft maintenance data or, if agreed by the competent authority, in accordance with component maintenance data, may be performed by an A rated organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M) or with Annex II (Part-145) as well as by certifying staff referred to in point M.A.801(b)2 only whilst such components are fitted to the aircraft. Nevertheless, such organisation or certifying staff may temporarily remove this component for maintenance, in order to improve access to the component, except when such removal generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for the provisions of this point. Component maintenance performed in accordance with this point is not eligible for the issuance of an EASA Form 1 and shall be subject to the aircraft release requirements provided for in point M.A.801.

(c) By derogation from point (a), maintenance of an engine/Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) component in accordance with engine/APU maintenance data or, if agreed by the competent authority, in accordance with component maintenance data, may be performed by a B rated organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M) or with Annex II (Part-145) only whilst such components are fitted to the engine/APU. Nevertheless, such B rated organisation may temporarily remove this component for maintenance, in order to improve access to the component, except when such removal generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for the provisions of this point.

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(d) By derogation from point (a) and point M.A.801(b)2, maintenance of a component while installed or temporarily removed from an ELA1 aircraft used by other than licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, and performed in accordance with component maintenance data, may be performed by certifying staff referred to in point M.A.801(b)2, except for:

1. overhaul of components other than engines and propellers, and;

2. overhaul of engines and propellers for aircraft other than CS-VLA, CS-22 and LSA.

Component maintenance performed in accordance with point (d) is not eligible for the issuance of an EASA Form 1 and shall be subject to the aircraft release requirements provided for in point M.A.801.

▼B

(e) Maintenance of components referred to in 21A.307(c) of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 shall be performed by an A-rated organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M) or Part-145, by certifying staff referred to in point M.A.801(b)2 or by the pilot-owner referred to in point M.A.801(b)3 while such a component is fitted to the aircraft or temporarily removed to improve access. Component maintenance performed in accordance with this point is not eligible for the issuance of an EASA Form 1 and shall be subject to the aircraft release requirements provided for in point M.A.801.

M.A.503    Service life limited components

(a) Installed service life limited components shall not exceed the approved service life limit as specified in the approved maintenance programme and airworthiness directives, except as provided for in point M.A.504(c).

(b) The approved service life is expressed in calendar time, flight hours, landings or cycles, as appropriate.

(c) At the end the approved service life, the component must be removed from the aircraft for maintenance, or for disposal in the case of components with a certified life limit.

M.A.504    Control of unserviceable components

(a) A component shall be considered unserviceable in any one of the following circumstances:

1. expiry of the service life limit as defined in the maintenance program;

2. non-compliance with the applicable airworthiness directives and other continued airworthiness requirement mandated by the Agency;

3. absence of the necessary information to determine the airworthiness status or eligibility for installation;

4. evidence of defects or malfunctions;

5. involvement in an incident or accident likely to affect its serviceability.

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(b) Unserviceable components shall be identified and stored in a secure location under the control of an approved maintenance organisation until a decision is made on the future status of such component. Nevertheless, for aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and other than complex motor-powered aircraft, the person or organisation that declared the component unserviceable may transfer its custody, after identifying it as unserviceable, to the aircraft owner provided that such transfer is reflected in the aircraft logbook or engine logbook or component logbook.

▼B

(c) Components which have reached their certified life limit or contain a non-repairable defect shall be classified as unsalvageable and shall not be permitted to re-enter the component supply system, unless certified life limits have been extended or a repair solution has been approved according to point M.A.304.

(d) Any person or organisation accountable under this Annex (Part-M) shall, in the case of a point (c) unsalvageable components:

1. retain such component in the point (b) location, or;

2. arrange for the component to be mutilated in a manner that ensures that it is beyond economic salvage or repair before relinquishing responsibility for such component.

(e) Notwithstanding point (d) a person or organisation accountable under this Annex (Part-M) may transfer responsibility of components classified as unsalvageable to an organisation for training or research without mutilation.

SUBPART F

MAINTENANCE ORGANISATION

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M.A.601    Scope

This Subpart establishes the requirements to be met by an organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an approval for the maintenance of aircraft other than complex motor powered aircraft and components to be installed therein not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008.

▼B

M.A.602    Application

An application for issue or change of a maintenance organisation approval shall be made on a form and in a manner established by the competent authority.

M.A.603    Extent of approval

(a) An organisation involved in activities subject to this Subpart shall not exercise its activities unless approved by the competent authority. Appendix V to Annex I (Part-M) provides the template certificate for this approval.

(b) The maintenance organisation's manual referred to in point M.A.604 shall specify the scope of work deemed to constitute approval. Appendix IV to Annex I (Part-M) defines all classes and ratings possible under Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M).

(c) An approved maintenance organisation may fabricate, in conformity with maintenance data, a restricted range of parts for the use in the course of undergoing work within its own facilities, as identified in the maintenance organisation manual.

M.A.604    Maintenance organisation manual

(a) The maintenance organisation shall provide a manual containing at least the following information:

1. a statement signed by the accountable manager to confirm that the organisation will continuously work in accordance with Annex I (Part-M) and the manual at all times, and;

2. the organisation's scope of work, and;

3. the title(s) and name(s) of person(s) referred to in point M.A.606(b), and;

4. an organisation chart showing associated chains of responsibility between the person(s) referred to in point M.A.606(b), and;

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5. a list of certifying staff and, if applicable, airworthiness review staff and staff responsible for the development and processing of the maintenance programme, with their scope of approval, and;

6. a list of locations where maintenance is carried out, together with a general description of the facilities, and;

▼B

7. procedures specifying how the maintenance organisation ensures compliance with this Part, and;

8. the maintenance organisation manual amendment procedure(s).

(b) The maintenance organisation manual and its amendments shall be approved by the competent authority.

(c) Notwithstanding point (b) minor amendments to the manual may be approved through a procedure (hereinafter called indirect approval).

M.A.605    Facilities

The organisation shall ensure that:

(a) Facilities are provided for all planned work, specialised workshops and bays are segregated as appropriate, to ensure protection from contamination and the environment.

(b) Office accommodation is provided for the management of all planned work including in particular, the completion of maintenance records.

(c) Secure storage facilities are provided for components, equipment, tools and material. Storage conditions shall ensure segregation of unserviceable components and material from all other components, material, equipment and tools. Storage conditions shall be in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions and access shall be restricted to authorised personnel.

M.A.606    Personnel requirements

(a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager, who has corporate authority for ensuring that all maintenance required by the customer can be financed and carried out to the standard required by this Part.

(b) A person or group of persons shall be nominated with the responsibility of ensuring that the organisation is always in compliance with this Subpart. Such person(s) shall be ultimately responsible to the accountable manager.

(c) All point (b) persons shall be able to show relevant knowledge, background and appropriate experience related to aircraft and/or component maintenance.

(d) The organisation shall have appropriate staff for the normal expected contracted work. The use of temporarily sub-contracted staff is permitted in the case of higher than normally expected contracted work and only for personnel not issuing a certificate of release to service.

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(e) The qualification of all personnel involved in maintenance, airworthiness reviews and development of maintenance programmes shall be demonstrated and recorded.

▼B

(f) Personnel who carry out specialised tasks such as welding, non-destructive testing/inspection other than colour contrast shall be qualified in accordance with an officially recognised standard.

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(g) The maintenance organisation shall have sufficient certifying staff to issue M.A.612 and M.A.613 certificates of release to service for aircraft and components. They shall comply with the requirements of Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

▼B

(h) By derogation from point (g), the organisation may use certifying staff qualified in accordance with the following provisions when providing maintenance support to operators involved in commercial operations, subject to appropriate procedures to be approved as part of the organisation's manual:

1. For a repetitive pre-flight airworthiness directive which specifically states that the flight crew may carry out such airworthiness directive, the organisation may issue a limited certifying staff authorisation to the aircraft commander on the basis of the flight crew licence held, provided that the organisation ensures that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that such person can accomplish the airworthiness directive to the required standard;

2. In the case of aircraft operating away from a supported location the organisation may issue a limited certifying staff authorisation to the aircraft commander on the basis of the flight crew licence, provided that the organisation ensures that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that such person can accomplish the task to the required standard.

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(i) If the organisation performs airworthiness reviews and issues the corresponding airworthiness review certificate for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations in accordance with M.A.901(l), it shall have airworthiness review staff qualified and authorised in accordance with M.A.901(l)1.

(j) If the organisation is involved in the development and processing of approval of the maintenance programme for ELA2 aircraft not involved in commercial operations in accordance with M.A.201(e)(ii), it shall have qualified staff who shall be able to show relevant knowledge and experience.

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M.A.607    Certifying staff and airworthiness review staff

▼B

(a) In addition to point M.A.606(g), certifying staff can only exercise their privileges, if the organisation has ensured:

1. that certifying staff can demonstrate that they meet the requirements of point 66.A.20(b) of Annex III (Part-66), except when Annex III (Part-66) refers to Member State regulation, in which case they shall meet the requirement of such regulation, and;

2. that certifying staff have an adequate understanding of the relevant aircraft and/or aircraft component(s) to be maintained together with the associated organisation procedures.

(b) In the following unforeseen cases, where an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main base where no appropriate certifying staff is available, the maintenance organisation contracted to provide maintenance support may issue a one-off certification authorisation:

1. to one of its employees holding type qualifications on aircraft of similar technology, construction and systems; or

2. to any person with not less than three years maintenance experience and holding a valid ICAO aircraft maintenance licence rated for the aircraft type requiring certification provided there is no organisation appropriately approved under this Part at that location and the contracted organisation obtains and holds on file evidence of the experience and the licence of that person.

►M1  All such cases must be reported to the competent authority within seven days after issuing such certification authorisation. ◄ The approved maintenance organisation issuing the one-off certification authorisation shall ensure that any such maintenance that could affect flight safety is re-checked.

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(c) The approved maintenance organisation shall record all details concerning certifying staff and airworthiness review staff and maintain a current list of all certifying staff and airworthiness review staff together with their scope of approval as part of the organisation's manual pursuant to point M.A.604(a)5.

▼B

M.A.608    Components, equipment and tools

(a) The organisation shall:

1. hold the equipment and tools specified in the maintenance data described in point M.A.609 or verified equivalents as listed in the maintenance organisation manual as necessary for day-to-day maintenance within the scope of the approval; and,

2. demonstrate that it has access to all other equipment and tools used only on an occasional basis.

(b) Tools and equipment shall be controlled and calibrated to an officially recognised standard. Records of such calibrations and the standard used shall be kept by the organisation.

(c) The organisation shall inspect, classify and appropriately segregate all incoming components.

M.A.609    Maintenance data

The approved maintenance organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data specified in point M.A.401 in the performance of maintenance including modifications and repairs. In the case of customer provided maintenance data, it is only necessary to have such data when the work is in progress.

M.A.610    Maintenance work orders

Before the commencement of maintenance a written work order shall be agreed between the organisation and the organisation requesting maintenance to clearly establish the maintenance to be carried out.

M.A.611    Maintenance standards

All maintenance shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Section A, Subpart D of this Annex (Part-M).

M.A.612    Aircraft certificate of release to service

At the completion of all required aircraft maintenance in accordance with this Subpart an aircraft certificate of release to service shall be issued according to point M.A.801.

M.A.613    Component certificate of release to service

(a) At the completion of all required component maintenance in accordance with this Subpart a component certificate of release to service shall be issued in accordance with point M.A.802. EASA Form 1 shall be issued except for those components maintained in accordance with points M.A.502(b), M.A.502(d) or M.A.502(e) and components fabricated in accordance with point M.A.603(c).

(b) The component certificate release to service document, EASA Form 1 may be generated from a computer database.

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M.A.614    Maintenance and airworthiness review records

(a) The approved maintenance organisation shall record all details of work carried out. Records necessary to prove all requirements have been met for the issue of the certificate of release to service including the subcontractor's release documents and for the issue of any airworthiness review certificate and recommendation shall be retained.

▼B

(b) The approved maintenance organisation shall provide a copy of each certificate of release to service to the aircraft owner, together with a copy of any specific repair/modification data used for repairs/modifications carried out.

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(c) The approved maintenance organisation shall retain a copy of all maintenance records and any associated maintenance data for three years from the date the aircraft or aircraft component to which the work relates was released from the approved maintenance organisation. In addition, it shall retain a copy of all the records related to the issue of recommendations and airworthiness review certificates for three years from the date of issue and shall provide a copy of them to the owner of the aircraft.

1. The records under this point shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration, and theft.

2. All computer hardware used to ensure backup shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working data in an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.

3. Where an approved maintenance organisation terminates its operation, all retained maintenance records covering the last three years shall be distributed to the last owner or customer of the respective aircraft or component or shall be stored as specified by the competent authority.

▼B

M.A.615    Privileges of the organisation

The maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M), may:

(a) maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at the locations specified in the approval certificate and the maintenance organisation manual;

(b) arrange for the performance of specialized services under the control of the maintenance organisation at another organisation appropriately qualified, subject to appropriate procedures being established as part of the Maintenance Organisation Manual approved by the competent authority directly;

(c) maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at any location subject to the need of such maintenance arising either from the unserviceability of the aircraft or from the necessity of supporting occasional maintenance, subject to the conditions specified in the Maintenance Organisation Manual;

(d) issue certificates of release to service on completion of maintenance, in accordance with point M.A.612 or point M.A.613;

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(e) if specifically approved to do so for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations,

1. perform airworthiness reviews and issue the corresponding airworthiness review certificate, under the conditions specified in point M.A.901(l), and

2. perform airworthiness reviews and issue the corresponding recommendations, under the conditions specified in point M.A.901(l) and M.A.904(a)2 and (b).

(f) develop the maintenance programme and process its approval in accordance with point M.A.302 for ELA2 aircraft not involved in commercial operations, under the conditions specified in point M.A.201(e)(ii), and limited to the aircraft ratings listed in the approval certificate.

The organisation shall only maintain an aircraft or component for which it is approved when all the necessary facilities, equipment, tooling, material, maintenance data and certifying staff are available.

▼B

M.A.616    Organisational review

To ensure that the approved maintenance organisation continues to meet the requirements of this Subpart, it shall organise, on a regular basis, organisational reviews.

M.A.617    Changes to the approved maintenance organisation

In order to enable the competent authority to determine continued compliance with this Part, the approved maintenance organisation shall notify it of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes, before such changes take place:

1. the name of the organisation;

2. the location of the organisation;

3. additional locations of the organisation;

4. the accountable manager;

5. any of the persons specified in point M.A.606(b);

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6. the facilities, equipment, tools, material, procedures, work scope, certifying staff and airworthiness review staff that could affect the approval.

▼B

In the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes shall be notified at the earliest opportunity.

M.A.618    Continued validity of approval

(a) An approval shall be issued for an unlimited duration. It shall remain valid subject to:

1. the organisation remaining in compliance with this Part, in accordance with the provisions related to the handling of findings as specified under point M.A.619, and;

2. the competent authority being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Part, and;

3. the approval not being surrendered or revoked;

(b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval certificate shall be returned to the competent authority.

M.A.619    Findings

(a) A level 1 finding is any significant non-compliance with Part-M requirements which lowers the safety standard and hazards seriously the flight safety.

(b) A level 2 finding is any non-compliance with the Part-M requirements which could lower the safety standard and possibly hazard the flight safety.

(c) After receipt of notification of findings according to point M.B.605, the holder of the maintenance organisation approval shall define a corrective action plan and demonstrate corrective action to the satisfaction of the competent authority within a period agreed with this authority.

SUBPART G

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION

M.A.701    Scope

This Subpart establishes the requirements to be met by an organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an approval for the management of aircraft continuing airworthiness.

M.A.702    Application

An application for issue or change of a continuing airworthiness management organisation approval shall be made on a form and in a manner established by the competent authority.

M.A.703    Extent of approval

(a) The approval is indicated on a certificate included in Appendix VI issued by the competent authority.

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(b) Notwithstanding point (a), for licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the approval shall be part of the air operator certificate issued by the competent authority, for the aircraft operated.

▼B

(c) The scope of work deemed to constitute the approval shall be specified in the continuing airworthiness management exposition in accordance with point M.A.704.

M.A.704    Continuing airworthiness management exposition

(a) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall provide a continuing airworthiness management exposition containing the following information:

1. a statement signed by the accountable manager to confirm that the organisation will work in accordance with this Part and the exposition at all times, and;

2. the organisation's scope of work, and;

3. the title(s) and name(s) of person(s) referred to in points M.A.706(a), M.A.706(c), M.A.706(d) and M.A.706(i), and;

4. an organisation chart showing associated chains of responsibility between all the person(s) referred to in points M.A.706(a), M.A.706(c), M.A.706(d) and M.A.706(i), and;

5. a list of the airworthiness staff referred to in point M.A.707, specifying, where applicable, the staff authorised to issue permits to fly in accordance with point M.A.711(c), and;

6. a general description and location of the facilities, and;

7. procedures specifying how the continuing airworthiness management organisation ensures compliance with this Part, and;

8. the continuing airworthiness management exposition amendment procedures, and;

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9. the list of approved aircraft maintenance programmes, or, for aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the list of ‘generic’ and ‘baseline’ maintenance programmes.

▼B

(b) The continuing airworthiness management exposition and its amendments shall be approved by the competent authority.

(c) Notwithstanding point (b), minor amendments to the exposition may be approved indirectly through an indirect approval procedure. The indirect approval procedure shall define the minor amendment eligible, be established by the continuing airworthiness management organisation as part of the exposition and be approved by the competent authority responsible for that continuing airworthiness management organisation.

M.A.705    Facilities

The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall provide suitable office accommodation at appropriate locations for the personnel specified in point M.A.706.

M.A.706    Personnel requirements

(a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager, who has corporate authority for ensuring that all continuing airworthiness management activities can be financed and carried out in accordance with this Part.

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(b) For licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 the accountable manager referred to in point (a) shall be the person who also has corporate authority for ensuring that all the operations of the operator can be financed and carried out to the standard required for the issue of an air operator's certificate.

▼B

(c) A person or group of persons shall be nominated with the responsibility of ensuring that the organisation is always in compliance with this Subpart. Such person(s) shall be ultimately responsible to the accountable manager.

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(d) For licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the accountable manager shall designate a nominated post holder. This person shall be responsible for the management and supervision of continuing airworthiness activities, pursuant to point (c).

▼B

(e) The nominated post holder referred to in point (d) shall not be employed by a Part-145 approved organisation under contract to the operator, unless specifically agreed by the competent authority.

(f) The organisation shall have sufficient appropriately qualified staff for the expected work.

(g) All point (c) and (d) persons shall be able to show relevant knowledge, background and appropriate experience related to aircraft continuing airworthiness.

(h) The qualification of all personnel involved in continuing airworthiness management shall be recorded.

(i) For organisations extending airworthiness review certificates in accordance with points M.A.711(a)4 and M.A.901(f), the organisation shall nominate persons authorised to do so, subject to approval by the competent authority.

(j) The organisation shall define and keep updated in the continuing airworthiness management exposition the title(s) and name(s) of person(s) referred to in points M.A.706(a), M.A.706(c), M.A.706(d) and M.A.706(i).

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(k) For complex motor-powered aircraft and for aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the organisation shall establish and control the competence of personnel involved in the continuing airworthiness management, airworthiness review and/or quality audits in accordance with a procedure and to a standard agreed by the competent authority.

▼B

M.A.707    Airworthiness review staff

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(a) To be approved to carry out airworthiness reviews and, if applicable, to issue permits to fly, an approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall have appropriate airworthiness review staff to issue airworthiness review certificates or recommendations referred to in Section A of Subpart I and, if applicable, to issue a permit to fly in accordance with point M.A.711(c):

1. For aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, and aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM, except balloons, these staff shall have acquired:

(a) at least 5 years' experience in continuing airworthiness, and;

(b) an appropriate license in compliance with Annex III (Part-66) or an aeronautical degree or a national equivalent, and;

(c) formal aeronautical maintenance training, and;

(d) a position within the approved organisation with appropriate responsibilities.

(e) Notwithstanding points (a) to (d), the requirement laid down in point M.A.707(a)1(b) may be replaced by 5 years of experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by point M.A.707(a)1(a).

2. For aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, and balloons, these staff shall have acquired:

(a) at least 3 years' experience in continuing airworthiness, and;

(b) an appropriate license in compliance with Annex III (Part-66) or an aeronautical degree or a national equivalent, and;

(c) appropriate aeronautical maintenance training, and;

(d) a position within the approved organisation with appropriate responsibilities;

(e) Notwithstanding points (a) to (d), the requirement laid down in point M.A.707(a)2(b) may be replaced by 4 years of experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by point M.A.707(a)2(a).

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(b) Airworthiness review staff nominated by the approved continuing airworthiness organisation can only be issued an authorisation by the approved continuing airworthiness organisation when formally accepted by the competent authority after satisfactory completion of an airworthiness review under the supervision of the competent authority or under the supervision of the organisation's airworthiness review staff in accordance with a procedure approved by the competent authority.

▼B

(c) The organisation shall ensure that aircraft airworthiness review staff can demonstrate appropriate recent continuing airworthiness management experience.

(d) Airworthiness review staff shall be identified by listing each person in the continuing airworthiness management exposition together with their airworthiness review authorisation reference.

(e) The organisation shall maintain a record of all airworthiness review staff, which shall include details of any appropriate qualification held together with a summary of relevant continuing airworthiness management experience and training and a copy of the authorisation. This record shall be retained until two years after the airworthiness review staff have left the organisation.

M.A.708    Continuing airworthiness management

(a) All continuing airworthiness management shall be carried out according to the prescriptions of M.A Subpart C.

(b) For every aircraft managed, the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall:

1. develop and control a maintenance programme for the aircraft managed including any applicable reliability programme,

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2. present the aircraft maintenance programme and its amendments to the competent authority for approval, unless covered by an indirect approval procedure in accordance with point M.A.302(c), and for aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 provide a copy of the programme to the owner or operator responsible in accordance with M.A.201,

▼B

3. manage the approval of modification and repairs,

4. ensure that all maintenance is carried out in accordance with the approved maintenance programme and released in accordance with Section A, Subpart H of this Annex (Part-M),

5. ensure that all applicable airworthiness directives and operational directives with a continuing airworthiness impact, are applied,

6. ensure that all defects discovered during scheduled maintenance or reported are corrected by an appropriately approved maintenance organisation,

7. ensure that the aircraft is taken to an appropriately approved maintenance organisation whenever necessary,

8. coordinate scheduled maintenance, the application of airworthiness directives, the replacement of service life limited parts, and component inspection to ensure the work is carried out properly,

9. manage and archive all continuing airworthiness records and/or operator's technical log.

10. ensure that the mass and balance statement reflects the current status of the aircraft.

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(c) In the case of complex motor-powered aircraft or aircraft used for CAT, or aircraft used for commercial specialised operations or commercial ATO operations, when the continuing airworthiness management organisation is not appropriately approved to Part-145 or Part-M.A. Subpart-F, the organisation shall in consultation with the operator, establish a written maintenance contract with a Part-145 or Part-M.A. Subpart-F approved organisation or another operator, detailing the functions specified under M.A.301-2, M.A.301-3, M.A.301-5 and M.A.301-6, ensuring that all maintenance is ultimately carried out by a Part-145 or Part-M.A. Subpart-F approved maintenance organisation and defining the support of the quality functions of M.A.712(b).

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(d) Notwithstanding point (c), the contract may be in the form of individual work orders addressed to the Part-145 or Part-M.A. Subpart-F maintenance organisation in the case of:

1. an aircraft requiring unscheduled line maintenance,

2. component maintenance, including engine maintenance.

▼B

M.A.709    Documentation

(a) The approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data in accordance with point M.A.401 for the performance of continuing airworthiness tasks referred to in point M.A.708. This data may be provided by the owner or the operator, subject to an appropriate contract being established with such an owner or operator. In such case, the continuing airworthiness management organisation only needs to keep such data for the duration of the contract, except when required by point M.A.714.

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(b) For aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation may develop ‘baseline’ and/or ‘generic’ maintenance programmes in order to allow for the initial approval and/or the extension of the scope of an approval without having the contracts referred to in Appendix I to this Annex (Part M). These ‘baseline’ and/or ‘generic’ maintenance programmes however do not preclude the need to establish an adequate Aircraft Maintenance Programme in compliance with point M.A.302 in due time before exercising the privileges referred to in point M.A.711.

▼B

M.A.710    Airworthiness review

(a) To satisfy the requirement for the airworthiness review of an aircraft referred to in point M.A.901, a full documented review of the aircraft records shall be carried out by the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation in order to be satisfied that:

1. airframe, engine and propeller flying hours and associated flight cycles have been properly recorded; and

2. the flight manual is applicable to the aircraft configuration and reflects the latest revision status; and

3. all the maintenance due on the aircraft according to the approved maintenance programme has been carried out; and

4. all known defects have been corrected or, when applicable, carried forward in a controlled manner; and

5. all applicable airworthiness directives have been applied and properly registered; and

6. all modifications and repairs applied to the aircraft have been registered and are in compliance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012; and

7. all service life limited components installed on the aircraft are properly identified, registered and have not exceeded their approved service life limit; and

8. all maintenance has been released in accordance with Annex I (Part-M); and

9. the current mass and balance statement reflects the configuration of the aircraft and is valid; and

10. the aircraft complies with the latest revision of its type design approved by the Agency; and

11. if required, the aircraft holds a noise certificate corresponding to the current configuration of the aircraft in compliance with Subpart I of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b) The airworthiness review staff of the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall carry out a physical survey of the aircraft. For this survey, airworthiness review staff not appropriately qualified to Annex III (Part-66) shall be assisted by such qualified personnel.

(c) Through the physical survey of the aircraft, the airworthiness review staff shall ensure that:

1. all required markings and placards are properly installed; and

2. the aircraft complies with its approved flight manual; and

3. the aircraft configuration complies with the approved documentation; and

4. no evident defect can be found that has not been addressed according to point M.A.403; and

5. no inconsistencies can be found between the aircraft and the point (a) documented review of records.

(d) By derogation to point M.A.901(a), the airworthiness review can be anticipated by a maximum period of 90 days without loss of continuity of the airworthiness review pattern, to allow the physical review to take place during a maintenance check.

(e) The airworthiness review certificate (EASA Form 15b) or the recommendation for the issue of the airworthiness review certificate (EASA Form 15a) referred to in Appendix III to Annex I (Part-M) can only be issued:

1. by airworthiness review staff appropriately authorised in accordance with point M.A.707 on behalf of the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation or by certifying staff in cases provided for in point M.A.901(g); and

2. when satisfied that the airworthiness review has been completely carried out and that there is no non-compliance which is known to endanger flight safety.

(f) A copy of any airworthiness review certificate issued or extended for an aircraft shall be sent to the Member State of Registry of that aircraft within 10 days.

(g) Airworthiness review tasks shall not be sub-contracted.

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(ga) For ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations for which the aircraft maintenance programme has been established in accordance with M.A.302(h), the aircraft maintenance programme shall be reviewed in conjunction with the airworthiness review. This review shall be accomplished by the person who performed the airworthiness review.

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(h) Should the outcome of the airworthiness review be inconclusive or should the review under point M.A.710(ga) show discrepancies on the aircraft linked to deficiencies in the content of the maintenance programme, the competent authority shall be informed by the organisation as soon as practicable but in any case within 72 hours from the moment the organisation identifies the condition to which the review relates. The airworthiness review certificate shall not be issued until all findings have been closed.

▼B

M.A.711    Privileges of the organisation

(a) A continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M) may:

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1. manage the continuing airworthiness of aircraft, except those used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, as listed on the approval certificate;

2. manage the continuing airworthiness of aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, when listed both on its approval certificate and on its Air Operator Certificate (AOC);

▼B

3. arrange to carry out limited continuing airworthiness tasks with any contracted organisation, working under its quality system, as listed on the approval certificate;

4. extend, under the conditions of point M.A.901(f), an airworthiness review certificate that has been issued by the competent authority or by another continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M);

(b) An approved continuing airworthiness management organisation registered in one of the Member States may, additionally, be approved to carry out airworthiness reviews referred to in point M.A.710 and:

1. issue the related airworthiness review certificate and extend it in due time under the conditions of points M.A.901(c)2 or M.A.901(e)2; and,

2. issue a recommendation for the airworthiness review to the competent authority of the Member State of registry.

(c) A continuing airworthiness management organisation whose approval includes the privileges referred to in point M.A.711(b) may additionally be approved to issue a permit to fly in accordance with point 21.A.711(d) of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 for the particular aircraft for which the organisation is approved to issue the airworthiness review certificate, when the continuing airworthiness management organisation is attesting conformity with approved flight conditions, subject to an adequate approved procedure in the exposition referred to in point M.A.704.

M.A.712    Quality system

(a) To ensure that the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation continues to meet the requirements of this Subpart, it shall establish a quality system and designate a quality manager to monitor compliance with, and the adequacy of, procedures required to ensure airworthy aircraft. Compliance monitoring shall include a feedback system to the accountable manager to ensure corrective action as necessary.

(b) The quality system shall monitor activities carried out under Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part M). It shall at least include the following functions:

1. monitoring that all activities carried out under Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part M) are being performed in accordance with the approved procedures, and;

2. monitoring that all contracted maintenance is carried out in accordance with the contract, and;

3. monitoring the continued compliance with the requirements of this Part.

(c) The records of these activities shall be stored for at least two years.

(d) Where the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation is approved in accordance with another Part, the quality system may be combined with that required by the other Part.

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(e) For licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 the M.A. Subpart G quality system shall be an integrated part of the operator's quality system.

(f) In the case of a small organisation not managing the continuing airworthiness of aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the quality system may be replaced by regular organisational reviews subject to the approval of the competent authority, except when the organisation issues airworthiness review certificates for aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM other than balloons. In the case where there is no quality system, the organisation shall not contract continuing airworthiness management tasks to other parties.

▼B

M.A.713    Changes to the approved continuing airworthiness organisation

In order to enable the competent authority to determine continued compliance with this Part, the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation shall notify it of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes, before such changes take place:

1. the name of the organisation.

2. the location of the organisation.

3. additional locations of the organisation.

4. the accountable manager.

5. any of the persons specified in M.A.706(c).

6. the facilities, procedures, work scope and staff that could affect the approval.

In the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes shall be notified at the earliest opportunity.

M.A.714    Record-keeping

(a) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall record all details of work carried out. The records required by M.A.305 and if applicable M.A.306 shall be retained.

(b) If the continuing airworthiness management organisation has the privilege referred to in point M.A.711(b), it shall retain a copy of each airworthiness review certificate and recommendation issued or, as applicable, extended, together with all supporting documents. In addition, the organisation shall retain a copy of any airworthiness review certificate that it has extended under the privilege referred to in point M.A.711(a)4.

(c) If the continuing airworthiness management organisation has the privilege referred to in point M.A.711(c), it shall retain a copy of each permit to fly issued in accordance with the provisions of point 21A.729 of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(d) The continuing airworthiness management organisation shall retain a copy of all records referred to in points (b) and (c) until two years after the aircraft has been permanently withdrawn from service.

(e) The records shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration and theft.

(f) All computer hardware used to ensure backup shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working data in an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.

(g) Where continuing airworthiness management of an aircraft is transferred to another organisation or person, all retained records shall be transferred to the said organisation or person. The time periods prescribed for the retention of records shall continue to apply to the said organisation or person.

(h) Where a continuing airworthiness management organisation terminates its operation, all retained records shall be transferred to the owner of the aircraft.

M.A.715    Continued validity of approval

(a) An approval shall be issued for an unlimited duration. It shall remain valid subject to:

1. the organisation remaining in compliance with this Part, in accordance with the provisions related to the handling of findings as specified under point M.B.705 and;

2. the competent authority being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Part, and;

3. the approval not being surrendered or revoked.

(b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval certificate shall be returned to the competent authority.

M.A.716    Findings

(a) A level 1 finding is any significant non-compliance with Part-M requirements which lowers the safety standard and hazards seriously the flight safety.

(b) A level 2 finding is any non-compliance with the Part-M requirements which could lower the safety standard and possibly hazard the flight safety.

(c) After receipt of notification of findings according to point M.B.705, the holder of the continuing airworthiness management organisation approval shall define a corrective action plan and demonstrate corrective action to the satisfaction of the competent authority within a period agreed with this authority.

SUBPART H

CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE TO SERVICE — CRS

M.A.801    Aircraft certificate of release to service

(a) Except for aircraft released to service by a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145), the certificate of release to service shall be issued according to this Subpart;

(b) No aircraft can be released to service unless a certificate of release to service is issued at the completion of any maintenance, when satisfied that all maintenance required has been properly carried out, by:

1. appropriate certifying staff on behalf of the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part M); or

2. certifying staff in compliance with the requirements laid down in Annex III (Part-66), except for complex maintenance tasks listed in Appendix VII to this Annex for which point 1 applies; or

3. by the Pilot-owner in compliance with point M.A.803;

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(c) By derogation from point M.A.801(b)2 for ELA1 aircraft not used in CAT or not used in commercial specialised operations or not used in commercial ATO operations, aircraft complex maintenance tasks listed in Appendix VII may be released by certifying staff referred to in point M.A.801(b)2;

(d) By derogation from point M.A.801(b), in the case of unforeseen situations, when an aircraft is grounded at a location where no approved maintenance organisation appropriately approved under this Annex or Annex II (Part-145) and no appropriate certifying staff are available, the owner may authorise any person, with no less than 3 years of appropriate maintenance experience and holding the proper qualifications, to maintain according to the standards set out in Subpart D of this Annex and release the aircraft. The owner shall in that case:

1. obtain and keep in the aircraft records details of all the work carried out and of the qualifications held by that person issuing the certification; and

2. ensure that any such maintenance is rechecked and released by an appropriately authorised person referred to in point M.A.801(b) or an organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M), or with Annex II (Part-145) at the earliest opportunity but within a period not exceeding 7 days; and

3. notify the organisation responsible for the continuing airworthiness management of the aircraft when contracted in accordance with point M.A.201 (i), or the competent authority in the absence of such a contract, within 7 days of the issuance of such certification authorisation;

▼B

(e) In the case of a release to service in accordance with point M.A.801(b)2 or point M.A.801(c), the certifying staff may be assisted in the execution of the maintenance tasks by one or more persons subject to his/her direct and continuous control;

(f) A certificate of release to service shall contain as a minimum:

1. basic details of the maintenance carried out; and

2. the date such maintenance was completed; and

3. the identity of the organisation and/or person issuing the release to service, including:

(i) the approval reference of the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M) and the certifying staff issuing such a certificate; or

(ii) in the case of point M.A.801(b)2 or M.A.801(c) certificate of release to service, the identity and if applicable licence number of the certifying staff issuing such a certificate;

4. the limitations to airworthiness or operations, if any.

(g) By derogation from point (b) and notwithstanding the provisions of point (h), when the maintenance prescribed cannot be completed, a certificate of release to service may be issued within the approved aircraft limitations. Such fact together with any applicable limitations of the airworthiness or the operations shall be entered in the aircraft certificate of release to service before its issue as part of the information required in point (f)4;

(h) A certificate of release to service shall not be issued in the case of any known non-compliance which endangers flight safety.

M.A.802    Component certificate of release to service

(a) A certificate of release to service shall be issued at the completion of any maintenance carried out on an aircraft component in accordance with point M.A.502.

(b) The authorised release certificate identified as EASA Form 1 constitutes the component certificate of release to service, except when such maintenance on aircraft components has been performed in accordance with point M.A.502(b), point M.A.502(d) or point M.A.502(e) in which case the maintenance is subject to aircraft release procedures in accordance with point M.A.801.

M.A.803    Pilot-owner authorisation

(a) To qualify as a Pilot-owner, the person must:

1. hold a valid pilot licence (or equivalent) issued or validated by a Member State for the aircraft type or class rating; and

2. own the aircraft, either as sole or joint owner; that owner must be:

(i) one of the natural persons on the registration form; or

(ii) a member of a non-profit recreational legal entity, where the legal entity is specified on the registration document as owner or operator, and that member is directly involved in the decision making process of the legal entity and designated by that legal entity to carry out Pilot-owner maintenance.

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(b) For any non-complex motor-powered aircraft of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, sailplane, powered sailplane or balloon, that are not used in CAT, or not used in commercial specialised operations or not used in commercial ATO operations, the pilot-owner may issue a certificate of release to service after limited pilot-owner maintenance as specified in Appendix VIII.

▼B

(c) The scope of the limited Pilot-owner maintenance shall be specified in the aircraft maintenance programme referred to in point M.A.302.

(d) The certificate of release to service shall be entered in the logbooks and contain basic details of the maintenance carried out, the maintenance data used, the date on which that maintenance was completed and the identity, the signature and pilot licence number of the Pilot-owner issuing such a certificate.

SUBPART I

AIRWORTHINESS REVIEW CERTIFICATE

M.A.901    Aircraft airworthiness review

To ensure the validity of the aircraft airworthiness certificate an airworthiness review of the aircraft and its continuing airworthiness records shall be carried out periodically.

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(a) An airworthiness review certificate is issued in accordance with Appendix III (EASA Form 15a, 15b or 15c) on completion of a satisfactory airworthiness review. The airworthiness review certificate is valid one year;

▼B

(b) An aircraft in a controlled environment is an aircraft (i) continuously managed during the previous 12 months by a unique continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G, of this Annex (Part-M), and (ii) which has been maintained for the previous 12 months by maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of this Annex (Part-M), or with Annex II (Part-145). This includes maintenance tasks referred to in point M.A.803(b) carried out and released to service in accordance with point M.A.801(b)2 or point M.A.801(b)3;

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(c) For all aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, and aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM, except balloons, that are in a controlled environment, the organisation referred to in (b) managing the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft may, if appropriately approved, and subject to compliance with point (k):

1. issue an airworthiness review certificate in accordance with point M.A.710, and;

2. for the airworthiness review certificates it has issued, when the aircraft has remained within a controlled environment, extend twice the validity of the airworthiness review certificate for a period of 1 year each time;

(d) For all aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 and aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM, except balloons, that

(i) are not in a controlled environment, or

(ii) which continuing airworthiness is managed by a continuing airworthiness management organisation that does not hold the privilege to carry out airworthiness reviews,

the airworthiness review certificate shall be issued by the competent authority upon satisfactory assessment based on a recommendation made by a continuing airworthiness management organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part M) sent together with the application from the owner or operator. This recommendation shall be based on an airworthiness review carried out in accordance with point M.A.710;

(e) For aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, and balloons, any continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part M) and appointed by the owner or operator may, if appropriately approved and subject to point (k):

1. issue the airworthiness review certificate in accordance with point M.A.710, and;

2. for airworthiness review certificates it has issued, when the aircraft has remained within a controlled environment under its management, extend twice the validity of the airworthiness review certificate for a period of 1 year each time;

▼B

(f) By derogation from points M.A.901(c)2 and M.A.901(e)2, for aircraft that are in a controlled environment, the organisation referred to in (b) managing the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft, subject to compliance with point (k), may extend twice for a period of one year each time the validity of an airworthiness review certificate that has been issued by the competent authority or by another continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M);

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(g) By derogation from points M.A.901(e) and M.A.901(i)2, for ELA1 aircraft not used in CAT or not used in commercial specialised operations or not used in commercial ATO operations, the airworthiness review certificate may also be issued by the competent authority upon satisfactory assessment, based on a recommendation made by certifying staff formally approved by the competent authority and complying with provisions of Annex III (Part-66) as well as requirements laid down in point M.A.707(a)2(a), sent together with the application from the owner or operator. This recommendation shall be based on an airworthiness review carried out in accordance with point M.A.710 and shall not be issued for more than two consecutive years;

▼B

(h) Whenever circumstances reveal the existence of a potential safety threat, the competent authority shall carry out the airworthiness review and issue the airworthiness review certificate itself;

(i) In addition to point (h), the competent authority may also carry out the airworthiness review and issue the airworthiness review certificate itself in the following cases:

1. when the aircraft is managed by a continuing airworthiness management organisation approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M) located in a third country;

2. for all balloons and any other aircraft of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, if it is requested by the owner;

(j) When the competent authority carries out the airworthiness review and/or issues the airworthiness review certificate itself, the owner or operator shall provide the competent authority with:

1. the documentation required by the competent authority; and

2. suitable accommodation at the appropriate location for its personnel; and

3. when necessary, the support of personnel appropriately qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) or equivalent personnel requirements laid down in point 145.A.30(j)(1) and (2) of Annex II (Part-145);

(k) An airworthiness review certificate cannot be issued nor extended if there is evidence or reason to believe that the aircraft is not airworthy;

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(l) For ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations, the Part 145 or M.A. Subpart F maintenance organisation performing the annual inspection contained in the maintenance programme may, if appropriately approved, perform the airworthiness review and issue the corresponding airworthiness review certificate, subject to the following conditions:

1. The organisation nominates airworthiness review staff complying with all the following requirements:

(a) The airworthiness review staff hold a certifying staff authorisation for the corresponding aircraft.

(b) The airworthiness review staff have at least three years of experience as certifying staff.

(c) The airworthiness review staff are independent from the continuing airworthiness management process of the aircraft being reviewed or have overall authority on the continuing airworthiness management process of the complete aircraft being reviewed.

(d) The airworthiness review staff have acquired knowledge of the parts of this Annex (Part M) relevant to continuing airworthiness management.

(e) The airworthiness review staff have acquired proven knowledge of the procedures of the maintenance organisation relevant to the airworthiness review and issue of the airworthiness review certificate.

(f) The airworthiness review staff have been formally accepted by the competent authority after having performed an airworthiness review under the supervision of the competent authority or under the supervision of the organisation's airworthiness review staff in accordance with a procedure approved by the competent authority.

(g) the airworthiness review staff have performed at least one airworthiness review in the last twelve-month period.

2. The airworthiness review is performed at the same time as the annual inspection contained in the maintenance programme and by the same person who releases such annual inspection, being possible to use the 90 days anticipation provision contained in M.A.710(d).

3. The airworthiness review includes a full documented review in accordance with point M.A.710(a).

4. The airworthiness review includes a physical survey of the aircraft in accordance with points M.A.710(b) and (c).

5. An airworthiness review certificate EASA Form 15c is issued, on behalf of the maintenance organisation, by the person who performed the airworthiness review when satisfied that:

(a) the airworthiness review has been completely and satisfactorily carried out; and

(b) the maintenance programme has been reviewed in accordance with point M.A.710(ga); and

(c) there is no non-compliance which is known to endanger flight safety.

6. A copy of the airworthiness review certificate issued is sent to the competent authority of the Member State of Registry of the aircraft within 10 days of the date of issue.

7. The competent authority of the Member State of Registry is informed within 72 hours if the organisation has determined that the airworthiness review is inconclusive or if the review under point M.A.901(l)5(b) shows discrepancies on the aircraft linked to deficiencies in the content of the maintenance programme.

8. The manual or exposition of the maintenance organisation describes all the following:

(a) The procedures for the performance of airworthiness reviews and the issue of the corresponding airworthiness review certificate.

(b) The names of the certifying staff authorised to perform airworthiness reviews and issue the corresponding airworthiness review certificate.

(c) The procedures for the review of the maintenance programme.

▼B

M.A.902    Validity of the airworthiness review certificate

(a) An airworthiness review certificate becomes invalid if:

1. suspended or revoked; or

2. the airworthiness certificate is suspended or revoked; or

3. the aircraft is not on the aircraft register of a Member State; or

4. the type certificate under which the airworthiness certificate was issued is suspended or revoked.

(b) An aircraft must not fly if the airworthiness certificate is invalid or if:

1. the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft or any component fitted to the aircraft does not meet the requirements of this Part; or

2. the aircraft does not remain in conformity with the type design approved by the Agency; or

3. the aircraft has been operated beyond the limitations of the approved flight manual or the airworthiness certificate, without appropriate action being taken; or

4. the aircraft has been involved in an accident or incident that affects the airworthiness of the aircraft, without subsequent appropriate action to restore airworthiness; or

5. a modification or repair is not in compliance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(c) Upon surrender or revocation, the airworthiness review certificate shall be returned to the competent authority

M.A.903    Transfer of aircraft registration within the EU

(a) When transferring an aircraft registration within the EU, the applicant shall:

1. inform the former Member State in which Member State it will be registered, then;

2. apply to the new Member State for the issuance of a new airworthiness certificate in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b) Notwithstanding point M.A.902(a)(3), the former airworthiness review certificate shall remain valid until its expiry date.

M.A.904    Airworthiness review of aircraft imported into the EU

(a) When importing an aircraft onto a Member State register from a third country, the applicant shall:

1. apply to the Member State of registry for the issuance of a new airworthiness certificate in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012; and

2. for aircraft other than new, have a airworthiness review carried out satisfactorily in accordance with point M.A.901; and

3. have all maintenance carried out to comply with the approved maintenance programme in accordance with point M.A.302.

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(b) When satisfied that the aircraft is in compliance with the relevant requirements, the continuing airworthiness management organisation or maintenance organisation, if applicable, shall send a documented recommendation for the issuance of an airworthiness review certificate to the Member State of registry.

▼B

(c) The owner shall allow access to the aircraft for inspection by the Member State of registry.

(d) A new airworthiness certificate will be issued by the Member State of registry when it is satisfied the aircraft complies with the prescriptions of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(e) The Member State shall also issue the airworthiness review certificate valid normally for one year unless the Member State has safety reason to limit the validity.

M.A.905    Findings

(a) A level 1 finding is any significant non-compliance with requirements laid down in this Annex (Part-M) which lowers the safety standard and hazards seriously the flight safety.

(b) A level 2 finding is any non-compliance with requirements laid down in this Annex (Part-M) which could lower the safety standard and possibly hazard the flight safety.

(c) After receipt of notification of findings according to point M.B.903, the person or organisation accountable referred to in point M.A.201 shall define a corrective action plan and demonstrate corrective action to the satisfaction of the competent authority within a period agreed with this authority including appropriate corrective action to prevent reoccurrence of the finding and its root cause.

SECTION B

PROCEDURE FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

SUBPART A

GENERAL

M.B.101    Scope

This Section establishes the administrative requirements to be followed by the competent authorities in charge of the application and the enforcement of Section A of this Part.

M.B.102    Competent authority

(a)   General

A Member State shall designate a competent authority with allocated responsibilities for the issuance, continuation, change, suspension or revocation of certificates and for the oversight of continuing airworthiness. This competent authority shall establish documented procedures and an organisational structure.

(b)   Resources

The number of staff shall be appropriate to carry out the requirements as detailed in this Section.

(c)   Qualification and training

All staff involved in activities dealt with in this Annex shall be appropriately qualified and have appropriate knowledge, experience, initial training and continuation training to perform their allocated tasks.

(d)   Procedures

The competent authority shall establish procedures detailing how compliance with this Annex (Part-M) is accomplished.

The procedures shall be reviewed and amended to ensure continued compliance.

M.B.104    Record-keeping

(a) The competent authorities shall establish a system of record-keeping that allows adequate traceability of the process to issue, continue, change, suspend or revoke each certificate.

(b) The records for the oversight of organisations approved in accordance with this Annex shall include as a minimum:

1. the application for an organisation approval.

2. the organisation approval certificate including any changes.

3. a copy of the audit program listing the dates when audits are due and when audits were carried out.

4. the competent authority continued oversight records including all audit records.

5. copies of all relevant correspondence.

6. details of any exemption and enforcement actions.

7. any report from other competent authorities relating to the oversight of the organisation.

8. organisation exposition or manual and amendments.

9. copy of any other document directly approved by the competent authority.

(c) The retention period for the point (b) records shall be at least four years.

(d) The minimum records for the oversight of each aircraft shall include, at least, a copy of:

1. aircraft certificate of airworthiness,

2. airworthiness review certificates,

3. Section A Subpart G organisation recommendations,

4. reports from the airworthiness reviews carried out directly by the Member State,

5. all relevant correspondence relating to the aircraft,

6. details of any exemption and enforcement action(s),

7. any document approved by the competent authority pursuant to Annex I (Part-M) or Annex II (Part-ARO) of Regulation ( EU) No 965/2012.

(e) The records specified in point (d) shall be retained until two years after the aircraft has been permanently withdrawn from service.

(f) All records specified in point M.B.104 shall be made available upon request by another Member State or the Agency.

M.B.105    Mutual exchange of information

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(a) In order to contribute to the improvement of air safety, the competent authorities shall participate in a mutual exchange of all necessary information in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

▼B

(b) Without prejudice to the competencies of the Member States, in the case of a potential safety threat involving several Member States, the concerned competent authorities shall assist each other in carrying out the necessary oversight action.

SUBPART B

ACCOUNTABILITY

M.B.201    Responsibilities

The competent authorities as specified in M.1 are responsible for conducting inspections and investigations in order to verify that the requirements of this Part are complied with.

SUBPART C

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS

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M.B.301    Maintenance programme

(a) Except for those cases where the owner has issued a declaration for the maintenance programme in accordance with point M.A.302(h), the competent authority shall verify that the maintenance programme is in compliance with point M.A.302.

(b) Except where stated otherwise in points M.A.302(c) and M.A.302(h) the maintenance programme and its amendments shall be approved directly by the competent authority.

(c) In the case of indirect approval, the maintenance programme procedure shall be approved by the competent authority through the continuing airworthiness management exposition.

(d) In order to approve a maintenance programme according to point (b) of this point, the competent authority shall have access to all the data required in points M.A.302(d), (e), (f) and (h).

▼B

M.B.302    Exemptions

All exemptions granted in accordance with Article 14(4) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 shall be recorded and retained by the competent authority.

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M.B.303    Aircraft continuing airworthiness monitoring

(a) The competent authority shall develop a survey programme on a risk-based approach to monitor the airworthiness status of the fleet of aircraft on its register.

(b) The survey programme shall include sample product surveys of aircraft and shall cover all aspects of airworthiness key risk elements.

(c) The product survey shall sample the airworthiness standards achieved, on the basis of the applicable requirements, and identify any findings.

(d) Any findings identified shall be categorised against the requirements of this Part and confirmed in writing to the person or organisation accountable according to M.A.201. The competent authority shall have a process in place to analyse findings for their safety significance.

(e) The competent authority shall record all findings and closure actions.

(f) If during aircraft surveys evidence is found showing non-compliance with this Part or with any other Part, the finding shall be dealt with as prescribed by the relevant Part.

(g) If so required to ensure appropriate enforcement action, the competent authority shall exchange information on non-compliances identified in accordance with point (f) with other competent authorities.

M.B.304    Revocation and suspension

The competent authority shall:

(a) suspend an airworthiness review certificate on reasonable grounds in the case of potential safety threat, or;

(b) suspend or revoke an airworthiness review certificate pursuant to M.B.903(1).

▼B

SUBPART D

MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

(to be developed as appropriate)

SUBPART E

COMPONENTS

(to be developed as appropriate)

SUBPART F

MAINTENANCE ORGANISATION

M.B.601    Application

Where maintenance facilities are located in more than one Member State the investigation and continued oversight of the approval shall be carried out in conjunction with the competent authorities designated by the Member States in whose territory the other maintenance facilities are located.

M.B.602    Initial Approval

(a) Provided the requirements of points M.A.606(a) and (b) are complied with, the competent authority shall formally indicate its acceptance of the M.A.606(a) and (b) personnel to the applicant in writing.

(b) The competent authority shall establish that the procedures specified in the maintenance organisation manual comply with Subpart F of Section A of this Annex (Part-M) and ensure the accountable manager signs the commitment statement.

(c) The competent authority shall verify that the organisation is in compliance with the requirements laid down in Subpart F of Section A of this Annex (Part-M).

(d) A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once during the investigation for approval to ensure that he/she fully understands the significance of the approval and the reason for signing the commitment of the organisation to compliance with the procedures specified in the manual.

(e) All findings shall be confirmed in writing to the applicant organisation.

(f) The competent authority shall record all findings, closure actions (actions required to close a finding) and recommendations.

(g) For initial approval all findings shall be corrected by the organisation and closed by the competent authority before the approval can be issued.

M.B.603    Issue of approval

(a) The competent authority shall issue to the applicant an EASA Form 3 approval certificate (Appendix V) which includes the extent of approval, when the maintenance organisation is in compliance with the applicable points of this Part.

(b) The competent authority shall indicate the conditions attached to the approval on the EASA Form 3 approval certificate.

(c) The reference number shall be included on the EASA Form 3 approval certificate in a manner specified by the Agency.

M.B.604    Continuing oversight

(a) The competent authority shall keep and update a program listing, for each maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Subpart F of Section B of this Annex (Part-M) under its supervision, the dates when audit visits are due and when such visits were carried out.

(b) Each organisation shall be completely audited at periods not exceeding 24 months.

(c) All findings shall be confirmed in writing to the applicant organisation.

(d) The competent authority shall record all findings, closure actions (actions required to close a finding) and recommendations.

(e) A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once every 24 months to ensure he/she remains informed of significant issues arising during audits.

M.B.605    Findings

(a) When during audits or by other means evidence is found showing non-compliance to a requirement laid down in this Annex (Part-M), the competent authority shall take the following actions:

1. For level 1 findings, immediate action shall be taken by the competent authority to revoke, limit or suspend in whole or in part, depending upon the extent of the level 1 finding, the maintenance organisation approval, until successful corrective action has been taken by the organisation.

2. For level 2 findings, the competent authority shall grant a corrective action period appropriate to the nature of the finding that shall not be more than three months. In certain circumstances, at the end of this first period and subject to the nature of the finding, the competent authority can extend the three month period subject to a satisfactory corrective action plan.

(b) Action shall be taken by the competent authority to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure to comply within the timescale granted by the competent authority.

M.B.606    Changes

(a) The competent authority shall comply with the applicable elements of the initial approval for any change to the organisation notified in accordance with point M.A.617.

(b) The competent authority may prescribe the conditions under which the approved maintenance organisation may operate during such changes, unless it determines that the approval should be suspended due to the nature or the extent of the changes.

(c) For any change to the maintenance organisation manual:

1. In the case of direct approval of changes in accordance with point M.A.604(b), the competent authority shall verify that the procedures specified in the manual are in compliance with this Annex (Part-M) before formally notifying the approved organisation of the approval.

2. In the case an indirect approval procedure is used for the approval of the changes in accordance with point M.A.604(c), the competent authority shall ensure (i) that the changes remain minor and (ii) that it has an adequate control over the approval of the changes to ensure they remain in compliance with the requirements of this Annex (Part-M).

M.B.607    Revocation, suspension and limitation of an approval

The competent authority shall:

(a) suspend an approval on reasonable grounds in the case of potential safety threat, or;

(b) suspend, revoke or limit an approval pursuant to point M.B.605.

SUBPART G

CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION

M.B.701    Application

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(a) For licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 the competent authority shall receive for approval with the initial application for the air operator's certificate and where applicable any variation applied for and for each aircraft type to be operated:

1. the continuing airworthiness management exposition;

2. the operator's aircraft maintenance programmes;

3. the aircraft technical log;

4. where appropriate the technical specification of the maintenance contracts between the CAMO and Part-145 approved maintenance organisation.

▼B

(b) Where facilities are located in more than one Member State the investigation and continued oversight of the approval shall be carried out in conjunction with the competent authorities designated by the Member States in whose territory the other facilities are located.

M.B.702    Initial approval

(a) Provided the requirements of points M.A.706(a), (c), (d) and M.A.707 are complied with, the competent authority shall formally indicate its acceptance of the M.A.706(a), (c), (d) and M.A.707 personnel to the applicant in writing.

(b) The competent authority shall establish that the procedures specified in the continuing airworthiness management exposition comply with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M) and ensure the accountable manager signs the commitment statement.

(c) The competent authority shall verify the organisation's compliance with requirements laid down in Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M).

(d) A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once during the investigation for approval to ensure that he/she fully understands the significance of the approval and the reason for signing the exposition commitment of the organisation to compliance with the procedures specified in the continuing airworthiness management exposition.

(e) All findings shall be confirmed in writing to the applicant organisation.

(f) The competent authority shall record all findings, closure actions (actions required to close a finding) and recommendations.

(g) For initial approval all findings shall be corrected by the organisation and closed by the competent authority before the approval can be issued.

M.B.703    Issue of approval

(a) The competent authority shall issue to the applicant an EASA Form 14 approval certificate (Appendix VI) which includes the extent of approval, when the continuing airworthiness management organisation is in compliance with Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M).

(b) The competent authority shall indicate the validity of the approval on the EASA Form 14 approval certificate.

(c) The reference number shall be included on the Form 14 approval certificate in a manner specified by the Agency.

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(d) In the case of licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, the information contained on an EASA Form 14 will be included on the air operator's certificate.

▼B

M.B.704    Continuing oversight

(a) The competent authority shall keep and update a program listing, for each continuing airworthiness organisation approved under Section A, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M) under its supervision, the dates when audit visits are due and when such visits were carried out.

(b) Each organisation shall be completely audited at periods not exceeding 24 months.

(c) A relevant sample of the aircraft managed by the organisation approved under Section B, Subpart G of this Annex (Part-M) shall be surveyed in every 24 month period. The size of the sample will be decided by the competent authority based on the result of prior audits and earlier product surveys.

(d) All findings shall be confirmed in writing to the applicant organisation.

(e) The competent authority shall record all findings, closure actions (actions required to close a finding) and recommendations.

(f) A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once every 24 months to ensure he/she remains informed of significant issues arising during audits.

M.B.705    Findings

(a) When during audits or by other means evidence is found showing non-compliance to a requirement laid down in this Annex (Part-M), the competent authority shall take the following actions:

1. For level 1 findings, immediate action shall be taken by the competent authority to revoke, limit or suspend in whole or in part, depending upon the extent of the level 1 finding, the continuing airworthiness management organisation approval, until successful corrective action has been taken by the organisation.

2. For level 2 findings, the competent authority shall grant a corrective action period appropriate to the nature of the finding that shall not be more than three months. In certain circumstances, at the end of this first period, and subject to the nature of the finding the competent authority can extend the three month period subject to a satisfactory corrective action plan.

(b) Action shall be taken by the competent authority to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure to comply within the timescale granted by the competent authority.

M.B.706    Changes

(a) The competent authority shall comply with the applicable elements of the initial approval for any change to the organisation notified in accordance with point M.A.713.

(b) The competent authority may prescribe the conditions under which the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation may operate during such changes unless it determines that the approval should be suspended due to the nature or the extent of the changes.

(c) For any change to the continuing airworthiness management exposition:

1. In the case of direct approval of changes in accordance with point M.A.704(b), the competent authority shall verify that the procedures specified in the exposition are in compliance with this Annex (Part-M) before formally notifying the approved organisation of the approval.

2. In the case an indirect approval procedure is used for the approval of the changes in accordance with point M.A.704(c), the competent authority shall ensure (i) that the changes remain minor and (ii) that it has an adequate control over the approval of the changes to ensure they remain in compliance with the requirements of this Annex (Part-M).

M.B.707    Revocation, suspension and limitation of an approval

The competent authority shall:

(a) suspend an approval on reasonable grounds in the case of potential safety threat, or;

(b) suspend, revoke or limit an approval pursuant to point M.B.705.

SUBPART H

CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE TO SERVICE — CRS

(to be developed as appropriate)

SUBPART I

AIRWORTHINESS REVIEW CERTIFICATE

M.B.901    Assessment of recommendations

Upon receipt of an application and associated airworthiness review certificate recommendation in accordance with point M.A.901:

1. Appropriate qualified personnel from the competent authority shall verify that the compliance statement contained in the recommendation demonstrates that a complete M.A.710 airworthiness review has been carried out.

2. The competent authority shall investigate and may request further information to support the assessment of the recommendation.

M.B.902    Airworthiness review by the competent authority

(a) When the competent authority carries out the airworthiness review and issues the airworthiness review certificate EASA Form 15a (Appendix III), the competent authority shall carry out an airworthiness review in accordance with point M.A.710.

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(b) The competent authority shall have appropriate airworthiness review staff to carry out the airworthiness reviews.

1. For all aircraft used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, and aircraft above 2 730 kg MTOM, except balloons, these staff shall have acquired:

(a) at least 5 years' experience in continuing airworthiness, and;

(b) an appropriate licence in compliance with Annex III (Part-66) or a nationally recognised maintenance personnel qualification appropriate to the aircraft category (when Article 5(6) refers to national rules) or an aeronautical degree or equivalent, and;

(c) formal aeronautical maintenance training, and;

(d) a position with appropriate responsibilities.

Notwithstanding points (a) to (d), the requirement laid down in point M.B.902(b)1b may be replaced by 5 years of experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by point M.B.902(b)1a.

2. For aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 of 2 730 kg MTOM and below, and balloons, these staff shall have acquired:

(a) at least 3 years' experience in continuing airworthiness, and;

(b) an appropriate licence in compliance with Annex III (Part-66) or a nationally recognised maintenance personnel qualification appropriate to the aircraft category (when Article 5(6) refers to national rules) or an aeronautical degree or equivalent, and;

(c) appropriate aeronautical maintenance training, and;

(d) a position with appropriate responsibilities.

Notwithstanding points (a) to (d), the requirement shown in point M.B.902(b)2b may be replaced by 4 years of experience in continuing airworthiness additional to those already required by point M.B.902(b)2a.

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(c) The competent authority shall maintain a record of all airworthiness review staff, which shall include details of any appropriate qualification held together with a summary of relevant continuing airworthiness management experience and training.

(d) The competent authority shall have access to the applicable data as specified in points M.A.305, M.A.306 and M.A.401 in the performance of the airworthiness review.

(e) The staff that carries out the airworthiness review shall issue a Form 15a after satisfactory completion of the airworthiness review.

M.B.903    Findings

If during aircraft surveys or by other means evidence is found showing non-compliance to a Part-M requirement, the competent authority shall take the following actions:

1. for level 1 findings, the competent authority shall require appropriate corrective action to be taken before further flight and immediate action shall be taken by the competent authority to revoke or suspend the airworthiness review certificate.

2. for level 2 findings, the corrective action required by the competent authority shall be appropriate to the nature of the finding.

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Appendix I

Continuing airworthiness management contract

1. When an owner/operator contracts in accordance with M.A.201 a continuing airworthiness organisation approved pursuant Part-M Subpart-G (CAMO) to carry out continuing airworthiness management tasks, upon request by the competent authority a copy of the contract shall be sent by the owner/operator to the competent authority of the Member State of registry once it has been signed by both parties.

2. The contract shall be developed taking into account the requirements of Part M and shall define the obligations of the signatories in relation to continuing airworthiness of the aircraft.

3. It shall contain as a minimum the:

 aircraft registration,

 aircraft type,

 aircraft serial number,

 aircraft owner or registered lessee's name or company details including the address,

 CAMO details including the address.

 type of operation

4. It shall state the following:

‘The owner/operator entrusts to the CAMO the management of the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft, the development of a maintenance programme that shall be approved by the competent authority as detailed in M.1 and the organisation of the maintenance of the aircraft according to said maintenance programme.

According to the present contract, both signatories undertake to follow the respective obligations of this contract.

The owner/operator declares, to the best of its belief that all the information given to the CAMO concerning the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is and will be accurate and that the aircraft will not be altered without prior approval of the CAMO

In case of any non-conformity with this contract, by either of the signatories, it will become null. In such a case, the owner/operator will retain full responsibility for every task linked to the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft and the owner will undertake to inform the competent authorities of the Member State of registry within two full weeks.’

5. When an owner/operator contracts a CAMO in accordance with M.A.201 the obligations of each party shall be shared as follows:

5.1. Obligations of the CAMO:

1. have the aircraft type in the scope of its approval;

2. respect the conditions to maintain the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft listed below:

(a) develop a maintenance programme for the aircraft, including any reliability programme developed, if applicable;

(b) declare the maintenance tasks (in the maintenance programme) that may be carried out by the pilot-owner in accordance with point M.A.803(c);

(c) organise the approval of the aircraft's maintenance programme;

(d) once it has been approved, give a copy of the aircraft's maintenance programme to the owner/operator;

(e) organise a bridging inspection with the aircraft's prior maintenance programme;

(f) organise for all maintenance to be carried out by an approved maintenance organisation;

(g) organise for all applicable airworthiness directives to be applied;

(h) organise for all defects discovered during scheduled maintenance, airworthiness reviews or reported by the owner to be corrected by an approved maintenance organisation coordinate scheduled maintenance, the application of airworthiness directives, the replacement of life limited parts, and component inspection requirements;

(i) inform the owner each time the aircraft shall be brought to an approved maintenance organisation;

(j) manage all technical records;

(k) archive all technical records;

3. organise the approval of any modification to the aircraft in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 before it is embodied;

4. organise the approval of any repair to the aircraft in accordance with the Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 before it is carried out;

5. inform the competent authority of the Member State of registry whenever the aircraft is not presented to the approved maintenance organisation by the owner as requested by the approved organisation;

6. inform the competent authority of the Member State of registry whenever the present contract has not been respected;

7. ensure that the airworthiness review of the aircraft is carried out when necessary and ensure that the airworthiness review certificate is issued or a recommendation is sent to the competent authority of the Member State of registry;

8. send within 10 days a copy of any airworthiness review certificate issued or extended to the competent authority of the Member State of registry;

9. carry out all occurrence reporting mandated by applicable regulations;

10. inform the competent authority of the Member State of registry whenever the present contract is denounced by either party.

5.2. Obligations of the owner/operator:

1. have a general understanding of the approved maintenance programme;

2. have a general understanding of this Annex (Part-M);

3. present the aircraft to the approved maintenance organisation agreed with the CAMO at the due time designated by the CAMO's request;

4. not modify the aircraft without first consulting the CAMO;

5. inform the CAMO of all maintenance exceptionally carried out without the knowledge and control of the CAMO;

6. report to the CAMO through the logbook all defects found during operations;

7. inform the competent authority of the Member State of registry whenever the present contract is denounced by either party;

8. inform the CAMO and competent authority of the Member State of registry whenever the aircraft is sold;

9. carry out all occurrence reporting mandated by applicable regulations;

10. inform on a regular basis the CAMO about the aircraft flying hours and any other utilisation data, as agreed with the CAMO;

11. enter the certificate of release to service in the logbooks as mentioned in point M.A.803(d) when performing pilot-owner maintenance without exceeding the limits of the maintenance tasks list as declared in the approved maintenance programme as laid down in point M.A.803(c);

12. inform the CAMO not later than 30 days after completion of any pilot-owner maintenance task in accordance with point M.A.305(a).

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Appendix II

Authorised Release Certificate EASA Form 1

These instructions relate only to the use of the EASA Form 1 for maintenance purposes. Attention is drawn to Appendix I to Annex I (Part-21) of Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 which covers the use of the EASA Form 1 for production purposes.

1.    PURPOSE AND USE

1.1.

The primary purpose of the Certificate is to declare the airworthiness of maintenance work undertaken on products, parts and appliances (hereafter referred to as ‘item(s)’).

1.2.

Correlation must be established between the Certificate and the item(s). The originator must retain a Certificate in a form that allows verification of the original data.

1.3.

The Certificate is acceptable to many airworthiness authorities, but may be dependent on the existence of bilateral agreements and/or the policy of the airworthiness authority. The ‘approved design data’ mentioned in this Certificate then means approved by the airworthiness authority of the importing country.

1.4.

The Certificate is not a delivery or shipping note.

1.5.

Aircraft are not to be released using the Certificate.

1.6.

The Certificate does not constitute approval to install the item on a particular aircraft, engine, or propeller but helps the end user determine its airworthiness approval status.

1.7.

A mixture of production released and maintenance released items is not permitted on the same Certificate.

2.    GENERAL FORMAT

2.1.

The Certificate must comply with the format attached including block numbers and the location of each block. The size of each block may however be varied to suit the individual application, but not to the extent that would make the Certificate unrecognisable.

2.2.

The Certificate must be in ‘landscape’ format but the overall size may be significantly increased or decreased so long as the Certificate remains recognisable and legible. If in doubt consult the Competent Authority.

2.3.

The User/Installer responsibility statement can be placed on either side of the form.

2.4.

All printing must be clear and legible to permit easy reading.

2.5.

The Certificate may either be pre-printed or computer generated but in either case the printing of lines and characters must be clear and legible and in accordance with the defined format.

2.6.

The Certificate should be in English, and if appropriate, in one or more other languages.

2.7.

The details to be entered on the Certificate may be either machine/computer printed or hand-written using block letters and must permit easy reading.

2.8.

Limit the use of abbreviations to a minimum, to aid clarity.

2.9.

The space remaining on the reverse side of the Certificate may be used by the originator for any additional information but must not include any certification statement. Any use of the reverse side of the Certificate must be referenced in the appropriate block on the front side of the Certificate

3.    COPIES

3.1.

There is no restriction in the number of copies of the Certificate sent to the customer or retained by the originator.

4.    ERROR(S) ON A CERTIFICATE

4.1.

If an end-user finds an error(s) on a Certificate, he must identify it/them in writing to the originator. The originator may issue a new Certificate only if the error(s) can be verified and corrected.

4.2.

The new Certificate must have a new tracking number, signature and date.

4.3.

The request for a new Certificate may be honoured without re-verification of the item(s) condition. The new Certificate is not a statement of current condition and should refer to the previous Certificate in block 12 by the following statement; ‘This Certificate corrects the error(s) in block(s) [enter block(s) corrected] of the Certificate [enter original tracking number] dated [enter original issuance date] and does not cover conformity/condition/release to service’. Both Certificates should be retained according to the retention period associated with the first.

5.    COMPLETION OF THE CERTIFICATE BY THE ORIGINATOR

Block 1 Approving Competent Authority/Country

State the name and country of the competent authority under whose jurisdiction this Certificate is issued. When the competent authority is the Agency, only ‘EASA’ must be stated.

Block 2 EASA Form 1 header

‘AUTHORISED RELEASE CERTIFICATE

EASA FORM 1’

Block 3 Form Tracking Number

Enter the unique number established by the numbering system/procedure of the organisation identified in block 4; this may include alpha/numeric characters.

Block 4 Organisation Name and Address

Enter the full name and address of the approved organisation (refer to EASA form 3) releasing the work covered by this Certificate. Logos, etc., are permitted if the logo can be contained within the block.

Block 5 Work Order/Contract/Invoice

To facilitate customer traceability of the item(s), enter the work order number, contract number, invoice number, or similar reference number.

Block 6 Item

Enter line item numbers when there is more than one line item. This block permits easy cross-referencing to the Remarks block 12.

Block 7 Description

Enter the name or description of the item. Preference should be given to the term used in the instructions for continued airworthiness or maintenance data (e.g. Illustrated Parts Catalogue, Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Service Bulletin, Component Maintenance Manual).

Block 8 Part Number

Enter the part number as it appears on the item or tag/packaging. In case of an engine or propeller the type designation may be used.

Block 9 Quantity

State the quantity of items.

Block 10 Serial Number

If the item is required by regulations to be identified with a serial number, enter it here. Additionally, any other serial number not required by regulation may also be entered. If there is no serial number identified on the item, enter ‘N/A’.

Block 11 Status/Work

The following describes the permissible entries for block 11. Enter only one of these terms — where more than one may be applicable, use the one that most accurately describes the majority of the work performed and/or the status of the article.



(i)

Overhauled

.

Means a process that ensures the item is in complete conformity with all the applicable service tolerances specified in the type certificate holder's, or equipment manufacturer's instructions for continued airworthiness, or in the data which is approved or accepted by the Authority. The item will be at least disassembled, cleaned, inspected, repaired as necessary, reassembled and tested in accordance with the above specified data.

(ii)

Repaired

.

Rectification of defect(s) using an applicable standard (1).

(iii)

Inspected/Tested

.

Examination, measurement, etc. in accordance with an applicable standard (1) (e.g. visual inspection, functional testing, bench testing etc.).

(iv)

Modified

.

Alteration of an item to conform to an applicable standard (1).

(1)   Applicable standard means a manufacturing/design/maintenance/quality standard, method, technique or practice approved by or acceptable to the Competent Authority. The applicable standard shall be described in block 12.

Block 12 Remarks

Describe the work identified in Block 11, either directly or by reference to supporting documentation, necessary for the user or installer to determine the airworthiness of item(s) in relation to the work being certified. If necessary, a separate sheet may be used and referenced from the main EASA Form 1. Each statement must clearly identify which item(s) in Block 6 it relates to.

Examples of information to be entered in block 12 are:

(i) Maintenance data used, including the revision status and reference.

(ii) Compliance with airworthiness directives or service bulletins.

(iii) Repairs carried out.

(iv) Modifications carried out.

(v) Replacement parts installed.

(vi) Life limited parts status.

(vii) Deviations from the customer work order.

(viii) Release statements to satisfy a foreign Civil Aviation Authority maintenance requirement.

(ix) Information needed to support shipment with shortages or re-assembly after delivery.

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(x) For maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Subpart F of Annex I (Part-M), the component certificate of release to service statement referred to in point M.A.613:

‘Certifies that, unless otherwise specified in this block, the work identified in block 11 and described in this block was accomplished in accordance with the requirements of Section A, Subpart F of Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 and in respect to that work the item is considered ready for release to service. THIS IS NOT A RELEASE UNDER ANNEX II (PART-145) TO REGULATION (EU) No 1321/2014’

▼B

If printing the data from an electronic EASA Form 1, any appropriate data not fit for other blocks should be entered in this block.

Block 13a-13e

General Requirements for blocks 13a-13e: Not used for maintenance release. Shade, darken, or otherwise mark to preclude inadvertent or unauthorised use.

Block 14a

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Mark the appropriate box(es) indicating which regulations apply to the completed work. If the box ‘other regulations specified in block 12’ is marked, then the regulations of the other airworthiness authority(ies) must be identified in block 12. At least one box must be marked, or both boxes may be marked, as appropriate.

For all maintenance carried out by maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Section A, Subpart F of Annex I (Part M) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014, the box ‘other regulation specified in block 12’ shall be ticked and the certificate of release to service statement made in block 12. In that case, the certification statement ‘unless otherwise specified in this block’ is intended to address the following cases;

(a) Where the maintenance could not be completed.

(b) Where the maintenance deviated from the standard required by Annex I (Part-M).

(c) Where the maintenance was carried out in accordance with a requirement other than that specified in Annex I (Part-M). In this case block 12 shall specify the particular national regulation.

For all maintenance carried out by maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Section A of Annex II (Part-145) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014, the certification statement ‘unless otherwise specified in block 12’ is intended to address the following cases:

(a) Where the maintenance could not be completed.

(b) Where the maintenance deviated from the standard required by Annex II (Part-145).

(c) Where the maintenance was carried out in accordance with a requirement other than that specified in Annex II (Part-145). In this case block 12 shall specify the particular national regulation.

▼B

Block 14b Authorised Signature

This space shall be completed with the signature of the authorised person. Only persons specifically authorised under the rules and policies of the Competent Authority are permitted to sign this block. To aid recognition, a unique number identifying the authorised person may be added.

Block 14c Certificate/Approval Number

Enter the Certificate/Approval number/reference. This number or reference is issued by the Competent Authority.

Block 14d Name

Enter the name of the person signing block 14b in a legible form.

Block 14e Date

Enter the date on which block 14b is signed, the date must be in the format dd = 2 digit day, mmm = first 3 letters of the month, yyyy = 4 digit year

User/Installer Responsibilities

Place the following statement on the Certificate to notify end users that they are not relieved of their responsibilities concerning installation and use of any item accompanied by the form:

‘THIS CERTIFICATE DOES NOT AUTOMATICALLY CONSTITUTE AUTHORITY TO INSTALL.

WHERE THE USER/INSTALLER PERFORMS WORK IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGULATIONS OF AN AIRWORTHINESS AUTHORITY DIFFERENT THAN THE AIRWORTHINESS AUTHORITY SPECIFIED IN BLOCK 1, IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE USER/INSTALLER ENSURES THAT HIS/HER AIRWORTHINESS AUTHORITY ACCEPTS ITEMS FROM THE AIRWORTHINESS AUTHORITY SPECIFIED IN BLOCK 1.

STATEMENTS IN BLOCKS 13A AND 14A DO NOT CONSTITUTE INSTALLATION CERTIFICATION. IN ALL CASES AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE RECORDS MUST CONTAIN AN INSTALLATION CERTIFICATION ISSUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE NATIONAL REGULATIONS BY THE USER/INSTALLER BEFORE THE AIRCRAFT MAY BE FLOWN.’

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Appendix III

Airworthiness Review Certificate — EASA Form 15

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▼M1

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▼B




Appendix IV

Class and Ratings System to be used for the Approval of Maintenance Organisations referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F and Annex II (Part-145)

1. Except as stated otherwise for the smallest organisations in point 12, the table referred to in point 13 provides the standard system for the approval of maintenance organisation under Subpart F of Annex I (Part-M) and Annex II (Part-145). An organisation must be granted an approval ranging from a single class and rating with limitations to all classes and ratings with limitations.

2. In addition to the table referred to in point 13, the approved maintenance organisation is required to indicate its scope of work in its maintenance organisation manual/exposition. See also point 11.

3. Within the approval class(es) and rating(s) granted by the competent authority, the scope of work specified in the maintenance organisation exposition defines the exact limits of approval. It is therefore essential that the approval class(es) and rating(s) and the organisations scope of work are matching.

4.  A category A class rating means that the approved maintenance organisation may carry out maintenance on the aircraft and any component (including engines and/or Auxiliary Power Units (APUs), in accordance with aircraft maintenance data or, if agreed by the competent authority, in accordance with component maintenance data, only whilst such components are fitted to the aircraft. Nevertheless, such A-rated approved maintenance organisation may temporarily remove a component for maintenance, in order to improve access to that component, except when such removal generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for the provisions of this point. This will be subject to a control procedure in the maintenance organisation exposition to be approved by the competent authority. The limitation section will specify the scope of such maintenance thereby indicating the extent of approval.

5.  A category B class rating means that the approved maintenance organisation may carry out maintenance on the uninstalled engine and/or APU and engine and/or APU components, in accordance with engine and/or APU maintenance data or, if agreed by the competent authority, in accordance with component maintenance data, only whilst such components are fitted to the engine and/or APU. Nevertheless, such B-rated approved maintenance organisation may temporarily remove a component for maintenance, in order to improve access to that component, except when such removal generates the need for additional maintenance not eligible for the provisions of this point. The limitation section will specify the scope of such maintenance thereby indicating the extent of approval. A maintenance organisation approved with a category B class rating may also carry out maintenance on an installed engine during ‘base’ and ‘line’ maintenance subject to a control procedure in the maintenance organisation exposition to be approved by the competent authority. The maintenance organisation exposition scope of work shall reflect such activity where permitted by the competent authority.

6.  A category C class rating means that the approved maintenance organisation may carry out maintenance on uninstalled components (excluding engines and APUs) intended for fitment to the aircraft or engine/APU. The limitation section will specify the scope of such maintenance thereby indicating the extent of approval. A maintenance organisation approved with a category C class rating may also carry out maintenance on an installed component during base and line maintenance or at an engine/APU maintenance facility subject to a control procedure in the maintenance organisation exposition to be approved by the competent authority. The maintenance organisation exposition scope of work shall reflect such activity where permitted by the competent authority.

7.  A category D class rating is a self contained class rating not necessarily related to a specific aircraft, engine or other component. The D1 — Non Destructive Testing (NDT) rating is only necessary for an approved maintenance organisation that carries out NDT as a particular task for another organisation. A maintenance organisation approved with a class rating in A or B or C category may carry out NDT on products it is maintaining subject to the maintenance organisation exposition containing NDT procedures, without the need for a D1 class rating.

8. In the case of maintenance organisations approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145), category A class ratings are subdivided into ‘Base’ or ‘Line’ maintenance. Such an organisation may be approved for either ‘Base’ or ‘Line’ maintenance or both. It should be noted that a ‘Line’ facility located at a main base facility requires a ‘Line’ maintenance approval.

9. The limitation section is intended to give the competent authorities the flexibility to customise the approval to any particular organisation. Ratings shall be mentioned on the approval only when appropriately limited. The table referred to in point 13 specifies the types of limitation possible. Whilst maintenance is listed last in each class rating it is acceptable to stress the maintenance task rather than the aircraft or engine type or manufacturer, if this is more appropriate to the organisation (an example could be avionic systems installations and related maintenance). Such mention in the limitation section indicates that the maintenance organisation is approved to carry out maintenance up to and including this particular type/task.

10. When reference is made to series, type and group in the limitation section of class A and B, series means a specific type series such as Airbus 300 or 310 or 319 or Boeing 737-300 series or RB211-524 series or Cessna 150 or Cessna 172 or Beech 55 series or continental O-200 series etc; type means a specific type or model such as Airbus 310-240 type or RB 211-524 B4 type or Cessna 172RG type; any number of series or types may be quoted; group means for example Cessna single piston engine aircraft or Lycoming non-supercharged piston engines etc.

11. When a lengthy capability list is used which could be subject to frequent amendment, then such amendment may be in accordance with the indirect approval procedure referred to in points M.A.604(c) and M.B.606(c) or 145.A.70(c) and 145.B.40, as applicable.

12.  A maintenance organisation which employs only one person to both plan and carry out all maintenance can only hold a limited scope of approval rating. The maximum permissible limits are:



CLASS

RATING

LIMITATION

CLASS AIRCRAFT

RATING A2 AEROPLANES 5 700 KG AND BELOW

PISTON ENGINE 5 700 KG AND BELOW

CLASS AIRCRAFT

RATING A3 HELICOPTERS

SINGLE PISTON ENGINE 3 175 KG AND BELOW

CLASS AIRCRAFT

RATING A4 AIRCRAFT OTHER THAN A1, A2 AND A3

NO LIMITATION

CLASS ENGINES

RATING B2 PISTON

LESS THAN 450 HP

CLASS COMPONENTS RATING OTHER THAN COMPLETE ENGINES OR APU'S.

C1 TO C22

AS PER CAPABILITY LIST

CLASS SPECIALISED

D1 NDT

NDT METHOD(S) TO BE SPECIFIED.

It should be noted that such an organisation may be further limited by the competent authority in the scope of approval dependent upon the capability of the particular organisation.

13. Table



CLASS

RATING

LIMITATION

BASE

LINE

▼M1

AIRCRAFT

A1  Aeroplanes above 5 700 kg

[Rating reserved to Maintenance Organisations approved in accordance with Annex II (Part 145)]

[Shall state aeroplane manufacturer or group or series or type and/or the maintenance tasks]

Example: Airbus A320 Series

[YES/NO] (1)

[YES/NO] (1)

A2  Aeroplanes 5 700 kg and below

[Shall state aeroplane manufacturer or group or series or type and/or the maintenance tasks]

Example: DHC-6 Twin Otter Series

State whether the issue of recommendations and airworthiness review certificates is authorised or not (only possible for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations)

[YES/NO] (1)

[YES/NO] (1)

A3  Helicopters

[Shall state helicopter manufacturer or group or series or type and/or the maintenance task(s)]

Example: Robinson R44

[YES/NO] (1)

[YES/NO] (1)

A4  Aircraft other than A1, A2 and A3

[Shall state aircraft category (sailplane, balloon, airship, etc.), manufacturer or group or series or type and/or the maintenance task(s).]

State whether the issue of recommendations and airworthiness review certificates is authorised or not (only possible for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations)

[YES/NO] (1)

[YES/NO] (1)

▼B

ENGINES

B1  Turbine

[Shall state engine series or type and/or the maintenance task(s)]

Example: PT6A Series

B2  Piston

[Shall state engine manufacturer or group or series or type and/or the maintenance task(s)]

B3  APU

[Shall state engine manufacturer or series or type and/or the maintenance task(s)]

COMPONENTS OTHER THAN COMPLETE ENGINES OR APUs

C1  Air Cond & Press

[Shall state aircraft type or aircraft manufacturer or component manufacturer or the particular component and/or cross refer to a capability list in the exposition and/or the maintenance task(s).]

Example: PT6A Fuel Control

C2  Auto Flight

C3  Comms and Nav

C4  Doors — Hatches

C5  Electrical Power & Lights

C6  Equipment

C7  Engine — APU

C8  Flight Controls

C9  Fuel

C10  Helicopter — Rotors

C11  Helicopter — Trans

C12  Hydraulic Power

C13  Indicating — recording system

C14  Landing Gear

C15  Oxygen

C16  Propellers

C17  Pneumatic & Vacuum

C18  Protection ice/rain/fire

C19  Windows

C20  Structural

 

C21  Water ballast

 

 

 

 

C22  Propulsion Augmentation

 

 

 

SPECIALISED SERVICES

D1  Non Destructive Testing

[Shall state particular NDT method(s)]

(1)   Delete as appropriate

▼B

▼M1




Appendix V

Maintenance Organisation Approval referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F

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image

▼M2




Appendix VI

Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation Approval referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart G

image

image

▼B




Appendix VII

Complex Maintenance Tasks

The following constitutes the complex maintenance tasks referred to in points M.A.502(d)3, M.A.801(b)2 and M.A.801(c):

1. The modification, repair or replacement by riveting, bonding, laminating, or welding of any of the following airframe parts:

(a) a box beam;

(b) a wing stringer or chord member;

(c) a spar;

(d) a spar flange;

(e) a member of a truss-type beam;

(f) the web of a beam;

(g) a keel or chine member of a flying boat hull or a float;

(h) a corrugated sheet compression member in a wing or tail surface;

(i) a wing main rib;

(j) a wing or tail surface brace strut;

(k) an engine mount;

(l) a fuselage longeron or frame;

(m) a member of a side truss, horizontal truss or bulkhead;

(n) a seat support brace or bracket;

(o) a seat rail replacement;

(p) a landing gear strut or brace strut;

(q) an axle;

(r) a wheel; and

(s) a ski or ski pedestal, excluding the replacement of a low-friction coating.

2. The modification or repair of any of the following parts:

(a) aircraft skin, or the skin of an aircraft float, if the work requires the use of a support, jig or fixture;

(b) aircraft skin that is subject to pressurization loads, if the damage to the skin measures more than 15 cm (6 inches) in any direction;

(c) a load-bearing part of a control system, including a control column, pedal, shaft, quadrant, bell crank, torque tube, control horn and forged or cast bracket, but excluding

(i) the swaging of a repair splice or cable fitting, and

(ii) the replacement of a push-pull tube end fitting that is attached by riveting; and

(d) any other structure, not listed in (1), that a manufacturer has identified as primary structure in its maintenance manual, structural repair manual or instructions for continuing airworthiness.

3. The performance of the following maintenance on a piston engine:

(a) dismantling and subsequent reassembling of a piston engine other than (i) to obtain access to the piston/cylinder assemblies; or (ii) to remove the rear accessory cover to inspect and/or replace oil pump assemblies, where such work does not involve the removal and re-fitment of internal gears;

(b) dismantling and subsequent reassembling of reduction gears;

(c) welding and brazing of joints, other than minor weld repairs to exhaust units carried out by a suitably approved or authorised welder but excluding component replacement;

(d) the disturbing of individual parts of units which are supplied as bench tested units, except for the replacement or adjustment of items normally replaceable or adjustable in service.

4. The balancing of a propeller, except:

(a) for the certification of static balancing where required by the maintenance manual;

(b) dynamic balancing on installed propellers using electronic balancing equipment where permitted by the maintenance manual or other approved airworthiness data;

5. Any additional task that requires:

(a) specialized tooling, equipment or facilities; or

(b) significant coordination procedures because of the extensive duration of the tasks and the involvement of several persons.




Appendix VIII

limited Pilot-owner maintenance

In addition to the requirements laid down in Annex I (Part-M), the following basic principles are to be complied with before any maintenance task is carried out under the terms of Pilot-owner maintenance:

(a) Competence and responsibility

1. The Pilot-owner is always responsible for any maintenance that he performs.

2. Before carrying out any Pilot-owner maintenance tasks, the Pilot-owner must satisfy himself that he is competent to do the task. It is the responsibility of Pilot-owners to familiarize themselves with the standard maintenance practices for their aircraft and with the aircraft maintenance programme. If the Pilot-owner is not competent for the task to be carried out, the task cannot be released by the Pilot-owner.

3. The Pilot-owner (or his contracted continuing airworthiness management organisation referred to in Subpart G, Section A of this Annex) is responsible for identifying the Pilot-owner tasks according to these basic principles in the maintenance programme and for ensuring that the document is updated in a timely manner.

4. The approval of the maintenance programme has to be carried out in accordance with point M.A.302.

(b) Tasks

The Pilot-owner may carry out simple visual inspections or operations to check for general condition and obvious damage and normal operation of the airframe, engines, systems and components.

Maintenance tasks shall not be carried out by the Pilot-owner when the task:

▼M2

1. is a critical maintenance task

▼B

2. requires the removal of major components or major assembly and/or;

3. is carried out in compliance with an Airworthiness Directive or an Airworthiness Limitation Item, unless specifically allowed in the AD or the ALI and/or;

4. requires the use of special tools, calibrated tools (except torque wrench and crimping tool) and/or;

5. requires the use of test equipments or special testing (e.g. NDT, system tests or operational checks for avionic equipment) and/or;

6. is composed of any unscheduled special inspections (e.g. heavy landing check) and/or;

7. is effecting systems essential for the IFR operations and/or;

8. is listed in Appendix VII to this Annex or is a component maintenance task in accordance with points M.A.502(a), (b), (c) or (d) and/or;

▼M1

9. is part of the annual or 100h check contained in the Minimum Inspection Programme described in M.A.302(i).

The criteria 1 to 9 cannot be overridden by less restrictive instructions issued in accordance with ‘M.A.302(d) Maintenance Programme’.

Any task described in the aircraft flight manual as preparing the aircraft for flight (Example: assembling the glider wings or pre-flight), is considered to be a pilot task and is not considered a Pilot-owner maintenance task and therefore does not require a Certificate of Release to Service.

(c) Performance of the maintenance Pilot-owner tasks and records

The maintenance data as specified in point M.A.401 must be always available during the conduct of Pilot-owner maintenance and must be complied with. Details of the data referred to in the conduct of Pilot-owner maintenance must be included in the Certificate of Release to Service in accordance with point M.A.803(d).

The Pilot-owner must inform the approved continuing airworthiness management organisation responsible for the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft (if applicable) not later than 30 days after completion of the Pilot-owner maintenance task in accordance with point M.A.305(a).




ANNEX II

(Part-145)

CONTENTS

General

SECTION A —

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

145.A.10

Scope

145.A.15

Application

145.A.20

Terms of approval

145.A.25

Facility requirements

145.A.30

Personnel requirements

145.A.35

Certifying staff and support staff

▼M1

145.A.36

Records of airworthiness review staff

▼B

145.A.40

Equipment, tools and material

145.A.42

Acceptance of components

145.A.45

Maintenance data

145.A.47

Production planning

▼M2

145.A.48

Performance of maintenance

▼B

145.A.50

Certification of maintenance

▼M1

145.A.55

Maintenance and airworthiness review records

▼B

145.A.60

Occurrence reporting

145.A.65

Safety and quality policy, maintenance procedures and quality system

145.A.70

Maintenance organisation exposition

145.A.75

Privileges of the organisation

145.A.80

Limitations on the organisation

145.A.85

Changes to the organisation

145.A.90

Continued validity

145.A.95

Findings

SECTION B —

PROCEDURES FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

145.B.1

Scope

145.B.10

Competent authority

145.B.15

Organisations located in several Member States

145.B.20

Initial approval

145.B.25

Issue of approval

145.B.30

Continuation of an approval

145.B.35

Changes

145.B.40

Changes to the Maintenance Organisation Exposition

145.B.45

Revocation, suspension and limitation of approval

145.B.50

Findings

145.B.55

Record-keeping

145.B.60

Exemptions

Appendix I —

Authorised Release Certificate EASA Form 1

Appendix II —

Class and Ratings System used for the Approval of Maintenance Organisations referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F and in Annex II (Part-145)

Appendix III —

Maintenance Organisation Approval referred to in Annex II (Part-145)

Appendix IV —

Conditions for the use of staff not qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) referred to in points 145.A.30(j) 1 and 2

145.1    General

For the purpose of this Part, the competent authority shall be:

1. for organisations having their principal place of business in a Member State, the authority designated by that Member State, or;

2. for organisations having their principal place of business located in a third country, the Agency.

SECTION A

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

145.A.10    Scope

This Section establishes the requirements to be met by an organisation to qualify for the issue or continuation of an approval for the maintenance of aircraft and components.

145.A.15    Application

An application for the issue or change of an approval shall be made to the competent authority in a form and manner established by such authority.

145.A.20    Terms of Approval

The organisation shall specify the scope of work deemed to constitute approval in its exposition (Appendix IV to Annex I (Part-M) contains a table of all classes and ratings).

145.A.25    Facility requirements

The organisation shall ensure that:

(a) Facilities are provided appropriate for all planned work, ensuring in particular, protection from the weather elements. Specialised workshops and bays are segregated as appropriate, to ensure that environmental and work area contamination is unlikely to occur.

1. For base maintenance of aircraft, aircraft hangars are both available and large enough to accommodate aircraft on planned base maintenance;

2. For component maintenance, component workshops are large enough to accommodate the components on planned maintenance.

(b) Office accommodation is provided for the management of the planned work referred to in point (a), and certifying staff so that they can carry out their designated tasks in a manner that contributes to good aircraft maintenance standards.

(c) The working environment including aircraft hangars, component workshops and office accommodation is appropriate for the task carried out and in particular special requirements observed. Unless otherwise dictated by the particular task environment, the working environment must be such that the effectiveness of personnel is not impaired:

1. temperatures must be maintained such that personnel can carry out required tasks without undue discomfort.

2. dust and any other airborne contamination are kept to a minimum and not be permitted to reach a level in the work task area where visible aircraft/component surface contamination is evident. Where dust/other airborne contamination results in visible surface contamination, all susceptible systems are sealed until acceptable conditions are re-established.

3. lighting is such as to ensure each inspection and maintenance task can be carried out in an effective manner.

4. noise shall not distract personnel from carrying out inspection tasks. Where it is impractical to control the noise source, such personnel are provided with the necessary personal equipment to stop excessive noise causing distraction during inspection tasks.

5. where a particular maintenance task requires the application of specific environmental conditions different to the foregoing, then such conditions are observed. Specific conditions are identified in the maintenance data.

6. the working environment for line maintenance is such that the particular maintenance or inspection task can be carried out without undue distraction. Therefore where the working environment deteriorates to an unacceptable level in respect of temperature, moisture, hail, ice, snow, wind, light, dust/other airborne contamination, the particular maintenance or inspection tasks must be suspended until satisfactory conditions are re-established.

(d) Secure storage facilities are provided for components, equipment, tools and material. Storage conditions ensure segregation of serviceable components and material from unserviceable aircraft components, material, equipment and tools. The conditions of storage are in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions to prevent deterioration and damage of stored items. Access to storage facilities is restricted to authorised personnel.

145.A.30    Personnel requirements

(a) The organisation shall appoint an accountable manager who has corporate authority for ensuring that all maintenance required by the customer can be financed and carried out to the standard required by this Part. The accountable manager shall:

1. ensure that all necessary resources are available to accomplish maintenance in accordance with point 145.A.65(b) to support the organisation approval.

2. establish and promote the safety and quality policy specified in point 145.A.65(a).

3. demonstrate a basic understanding of this Annex (Part-145).

(b) The organisation shall nominate a person or group of persons, whose responsibilities include ensuring that the organisation complies with this Part. Such person(s) shall ultimately be responsible to the accountable manager.

1. The person or persons nominated shall represent the maintenance management structure of the organisation and be responsible for all functions specified in this Part.

2. The person or persons nominated shall be identified and their credentials submitted in a form and manner established by the competent authority.

3. The person or persons nominated shall be able to demonstrate relevant knowledge, background and satisfactory experience related to aircraft or component maintenance and demonstrate a working knowledge of this Part.

4. Procedures shall make clear who deputises for any particular person in the case of lengthy absence of the said person.

(c) The accountable manager under point (a) shall appoint a person with responsibility for monitoring the quality system, including the associated feedback system as required by point 145.A.65(c). The appointed person shall have direct access to the accountable manager to ensure that the accountable manager is kept properly informed on quality and compliance matters.

(d) The organisation shall have a maintenance man-hour plan showing that the organisation has sufficient staff to plan, perform, supervise, inspect and quality monitor the organisation in accordance with the approval. In addition the organisation shall have a procedure to reassess work intended to be carried out when actual staff availability is less than the planned staffing level for any particular work shift or period.

(e)  ►M1  The organisation shall establish and control the competence of personnel involved in any maintenance, development of maintenance programmes, airworthiness reviews, management and/or quality audits in accordance with a procedure and to a standard agreed by the competent authority. ◄ In addition to the necessary expertise related to the job function, competence must include an understanding of the application of human factors and human performance issues appropriate to that person's function in the organisation. ‘Human factors’ means principles which apply to aeronautical design, certification, training, operations and maintenance and which seek safe interface between the human and other system components by proper consideration of human performance. ‘Human performance’ means human capabilities and limitations which have an impact on the safety and efficiency of aeronautical operations.

(f) The organisation shall ensure that personnel who carry out and/or control a continued airworthiness non-destructive test of aircraft structures and/or components are appropriately qualified for the particular non-destructive test in accordance with the European or equivalent Standard recognised by the Agency. Personnel who carry out any other specialised task shall be appropriately qualified in accordance with officially recognised Standards. By derogation to this point those personnel specified in points (g) and (h)(1) and (h)(2), qualified in category B1 or B3 in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) may carry out and/or control colour contrast dye penetrant tests.

(g) Any organisation maintaining aircraft, except where stated otherwise in point (j), shall in the case of aircraft line maintenance, have appropriate aircraft rated certifying staff qualified as category B1, B2, B3, as appropriate, in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) and point 145.A.35.

In addition such organisations may also use appropriately task trained certifying staff holding the privileges described in points 66.A.20(a)(1) and 66.A.20(a)(3)(ii) and qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) and point 145.A.35 to carry out minor scheduled line maintenance and simple defect rectification. The availability of such certifying staff shall not replace the need for category B1, B2, B3 certifying staff, as appropriate.

▼M2

(h) Any organisation maintaining aircraft, except where stated otherwise in point (j) shall:

1. in the case of base maintenance of complex motor-powered aircraft, have appropriate aircraft type rated certifying staff qualified as category C in accordance with Part-66 and 145.A.35. In addition the organisation shall have sufficient aircraft type rated staff qualified as category B1, B2 as appropriate in accordance with Part-66 and 145.A.35 to support the category C certifying staff.

(i) B1 and B2 support staff shall ensure that all relevant tasks or inspections have been carried out to the required standard before the category C certifying staff issues the certificate of release to service.

(ii) The organisation shall maintain a register of any such B1 and B2 support staff.

(iii) The category C certifying staff shall ensure that compliance with paragraph (i) has been met and that all work required by the customer has been accomplished during the particular base maintenance check or work package, and shall also assess the impact of any work not carried out with a view to either requiring its accomplishment or agreeing with the operator to defer such work to another specified check or time limit.

2. in the case of base maintenance of aircraft other than complex motor-powered aircraft have either:

(i) appropriate aircraft rated certifying staff qualified as category B1, B2, B3, as appropriate, in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) and point 145.A.35 or,

(ii) appropriate aircraft rated certifying staff qualified in category C assisted by support staff as specified in point 145.A.35(a)(i).

(i) Component certifying staff shall comply with the provisions of Article 5(6) of Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

▼B

(j) By derogation to points (g) and (h), in relation to the obligation to comply with Annex III (Part-66), the organisation may use certifying staff qualified in accordance with the following provisions:

1. For organisation facilities located outside the Community territory certifying staff may be qualified in accordance with the national aviation regulations of the State in which the organisation facility is registered subject to the conditions specified in Appendix IV to this Part.

2. For line maintenance carried out at a line station of an organisation which is located outside the Community territory, the certifying staff may be qualified in accordance with the national aviation regulations of the State in which the line station is based, subject to the conditions specified in Appendix IV to this Part.

3. For a repetitive pre-flight airworthiness directive which specifically states that the flight crew may carry out such airworthiness directive, the organisation may issue a limited certification authorisation to the aircraft commander and/or the flight engineer on the basis of the flight crew licence held. However, the organisation shall ensure that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that such aircraft commander or flight engineer can accomplish the airworthiness directive to the required standard.

4. In the case of aircraft operating away from a supported location the organisation may issue a limited certification authorisation to the commander and/or the flight engineer on the basis of the flight crew licence held subject to being satisfied that sufficient practical training has been carried out to ensure that the commander or flight engineer can accomplish the specified task to the required standard. The provisions of this point shall be detailed in an exposition procedure.

5. In the following unforeseen cases, where an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main base where no appropriate certifying staff are available, the organisation contracted to provide maintenance support may issue a one-off certification authorisation:

(i) to one of its employees holding equivalent type authorisations on aircraft of similar technology, construction and systems; or

(ii) to any person with not less than five years maintenance experience and holding a valid ICAO aircraft maintenance licence rated for the aircraft type requiring certification provided there is no organisation appropriately approved under this Part at that location and the contracted organisation obtains and holds on file evidence of the experience and the licence of that person.

►M1  All such cases as specified in this point must be reported to the competent authority within seven days after issuing such certification authorisation. ◄ The organisation issuing the one-off authorisation shall ensure that any such maintenance that could affect flight safety is re-checked by an appropriately approved organisation.

▼M1

(k) If the organisation performs airworthiness reviews and issues the corresponding airworthiness review certificate for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations in accordance with M.A.901(l), it shall have airworthiness review staff qualified and authorised in accordance with M.A.901(l)1.

(l) If the organisation is involved in the development and processing of approval of the maintenance programme for ELA2 aircraft not involved in commercial operations in accordance with M.A.201(e)(ii), it shall have qualified staff who shall be able to show relevant knowledge and experience.

▼B

145.A.35    Certifying staff and support staff

(a) In addition to the appropriate requirements of points 145.A.30(g) and (h), the organisation shall ensure that certifying staff and support staff have an adequate understanding of the relevant aircraft and/or components to be maintained together with the associated organisation procedures. In the case of certifying staff, this shall be accomplished before the issue or re-issue of the certification authorisation.

(i) ‘Support staff’ means those staff holding an aircraft maintenance licence under Annex III (Part-66) in category B1, B2 and/or B3 with the appropriate aircraft ratings, working in a base maintenance environment while not necessarily holding certification privileges.

(ii) ‘Relevant aircraft and/or components’, means those aircraft or components specified in the particular certification authorisation.

(iii) ‘Certification authorisation’ means the authorisation issued to certifying staff by the organisation and which specifies the fact that they may sign certificates of release to service within the limitations stated in such authorisation on behalf of the approved organisation.

(b) Excepting those cases listed in points 145.A.30(j) and 66.A.20(a)3(ii) the organisation may only issue a certification authorisation to certifying staff in relation to the basic categories or subcategories and any type rating listed on the aircraft maintenance licence as required by Annex III (Part-66), subject to the licence remaining valid throughout the validity period of the authorisation and the certifying staff remaining in compliance with Annex III (Part-66).

(c) The organisation shall ensure that all certifying staff and support staff are involved in at least 6 months of actual relevant aircraft or component maintenance experience in any consecutive 2-year period.

For the purpose of this point ‘involved in actual relevant aircraft or component maintenance’ means that the person has worked in an aircraft or component maintenance environment and has either exercised the privileges of the certification authorisation and/or has actually carried out maintenance on at least some of the aircraft type or aircraft group systems specified in the particular certification authorisation.

(d) The organisation shall ensure that all certifying staff and support staff receive sufficient continuation training in each two year period to ensure that such staff have up-to-date knowledge of relevant technology, organisation procedures and human factor issues.

(e) The organisation shall establish a programme for continuation training for certifying staff and support staff, including a procedure to ensure compliance with the relevant points of 145.A.35 as the basis for issuing certification authorisations under this Part to certifying staff, and a procedure to ensure compliance with Annex III (Part-66).

(f) Except where any of the unforeseen cases of point 145.A.30(j)(5) apply, the organisation shall assess all prospective certifying staff for their competence, qualification and capability to carry out their intended certifying duties in accordance with a procedure as specified in the exposition prior to the issue or re-issue of a certification authorisation under this Part.

(g) When the conditions of points (a), (b), (d), (f) and, where applicable, point (c) have been fulfilled by the certifying staff, the organisation shall issue a certification authorisation that clearly specifies the scope and limits of such authorisation. Continued validity of the certification authorisation is dependent upon continued compliance with points (a), (b), (d), and where applicable, (c).

(h) The certification authorisation must be in a style that makes its scope clear to the certifying staff and any authorised person who may require to examine the authorisation. Where codes are used to define scope, the organisation shall make a code translation readily available. ‘Authorised person’ means the officials of the competent authorities, the Agency and the Member State who has responsibility for the oversight of the maintained aircraft or component.

(i) The person responsible for the quality system shall also remain responsible on behalf of the organisation for issuing certification authorisations to certifying staff. Such person may nominate other persons to actually issue or revoke the certification authorisations in accordance with a procedure as specified in the exposition.

(j) The organisation shall maintain a record of all certifying staff and support staff, which shall contain:

1. the details of any aircraft maintenance licence held under Annex III (Part-66); and

2. all relevant training completed; and

3. the scope of the certification authorisations issued, where relevant; and

4. particulars of staff with limited or one-off certification authorisations.

The organisation shall retain the record for at least three years after the staff referred to in this point have ceased employment with the organisation or as soon as the authorisation has been withdrawn. In addition, upon request, the maintenance organisation shall furnish the staff referred to in this point with a copy of their personal record on leaving the organisation.

The staff referred to in this point shall be given access on request to their personal records as detailed above.

(k) The organisation shall provide certifying staff with a copy of their certification authorisation in either a documented or electronic format.

(l) Certifying staff shall produce their certification authorisation to any authorised person within 24 hours.

(m) The minimum age for certifying staff and support staff is 21 years.

(n) The holder of a category A aircraft maintenance licence may only exercise certification privileges on a specific aircraft type following the satisfactory completion of the relevant category A aircraft task training carried out by an organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or Annex IV (Part-147). This training shall include practical hands on training and theoretical training as appropriate for each task authorised. Satisfactory completion of training shall be demonstrated by an examination or by workplace assessment carried out by the organisation.

(o) The holder of a category B2 aircraft maintenance licence may only exercise the certification privileges described in point 66.A.20(a)(3)(ii) of Annex III (Part-66) following the satisfactory completion of (i) the relevant category A aircraft task training and (ii) 6 months of documented practical experience covering the scope of the authorisation that will be issued. The task training shall include practical hands on training and theoretical training as appropriate for each task authorised. Satisfactory completion of training shall be demonstrated by an examination or by workplace assessment. Task training and examination/assessment shall be carried out by the maintenance organisation issuing the certifying staff authorisation. The practical experience shall be also obtained within such maintenance organisation.

▼M1

145.A.36    Records of airworthiness review staff

The organisation shall record all details concerning the airworthiness review staff and maintain a current list of all the airworthiness review staff together with their scope of approval as part of the organisation's exposition pursuant to point 145.A.70(a)6.

The organisation shall retain the record for at least three years after the staff referred to in this point have ceased employment (or engagement as a contractor or volunteer) with the organisation or as soon as the authorisation has been withdrawn. In addition, upon request, the maintenance organisation shall provide the staff referred to in this point with a copy of their personal record on leaving the organisation.

The staff referred to in this point shall be given access on request to their personal records.

▼B

145.A.40    Equipment, tools and material

(a) The organisation shall have available and use the necessary equipment, tools and material to perform the approved scope of work.

1. Where the manufacturer specifies a particular tool or equipment, the organisation shall use that tool or equipment, unless the use of alternative tooling or equipment is agreed by the competent authority via procedures specified in the exposition.

2. Equipment and tools must be permanently available, except in the case of any tool or equipment that is so infrequently used that its permanent availability is not necessary. Such cases shall be detailed in an exposition procedure.

3. An organisation approved for base maintenance shall have sufficient aircraft access equipment and inspection platforms/docking such that the aircraft can be properly inspected.

(b) The organisation shall ensure that all tools, equipment and particularly test equipment, as appropriate, are controlled and calibrated according to an officially recognised standard at a frequency to ensure serviceability and accuracy. Records of such calibrations and traceability to the standard used shall be kept by the organisation.

145.A.42    Acceptance of components

(a) All components shall be classified and appropriately segregated into the following categories:

1. Components which are in a satisfactory condition, released on an EASA Form 1 or equivalent and marked in accordance with Subpart Q of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

2. Unserviceable components which shall be maintained in accordance with this section.

3. Unsalvageable components which are classified in accordance with point 145.A.42(d).

4. Standard parts used on an aircraft, engine, propeller or other aircraft component when specified in the manufacturer's illustrated parts catalogue and/or the maintenance data.

5. Material both raw and consumable used in the course of maintenance when the organisation is satisfied that the material meets the required specification and has appropriate traceability. All material must be accompanied by documentation clearly relating to the particular material and containing a conformity to specification statement plus both the manufacturing and supplier source.

6. Components referred to in point 21A.307(c) of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b) Prior to installation of a component, the organisation shall ensure that the particular component is eligible to be fitted when different modification and/or airworthiness directive standards may be applicable.

(c) The organisation may fabricate a restricted range of parts to be used in the course of undergoing work within its own facilities provided procedures are identified in the exposition.

(d) Components which have reached their certified life limit or contain a non-repairable defect shall be classified as unsalvageable and shall not be permitted to re-enter the component supply system unless certified life limits have been extended or a repair solution has been approved according to Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(e) Components referred to in point 21A.307(c) of Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 shall only be installed if considered eligible for installation by the aircraft owner in its own aircraft.

145.A.45    Maintenance data

(a) The organisation shall hold and use applicable current maintenance data in the performance of maintenance, including modifications and repairs. ‘Applicable’ means relevant to any aircraft, component or process specified in the organisation's approval class rating schedule and in any associated capability list.

In the case of maintenance data provided by an operator or customer, the organisation shall hold such data when the work is in progress, with the exception of the need to comply with point 145.A.55(c).

(b) For the purposes of this Part, applicable maintenance data shall be any of the following:

1. Any applicable requirement, procedure, operational directive or information issued by the authority responsible for the oversight of the aircraft or component;

2. Any applicable airworthiness directive issued by the authority responsible for the oversight of the aircraft or component;

3. Instructions for continuing airworthiness, issued by type certificate holders, supplementary type certificate holders, any other organisation required to publish such data by Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 and in the case of aircraft or components from third countries the airworthiness data mandated by the authority responsible for the oversight of the aircraft or component;

4. Any applicable standard, such as but not limited to, maintenance standard practices recognised by the Agency as a good standard for maintenance;

5. Any applicable data issued in accordance with point (d).

(c) The organisation shall establish procedures to ensure that if found, any inaccurate, incomplete or ambiguous procedure, practice, information or maintenance instruction contained in the maintenance data used by maintenance personnel is recorded and notified to the author of the maintenance data.

(d) The organisation may only modify maintenance instructions in accordance with a procedure specified in the maintenance organisation's exposition. With respect to those changes, the organisation shall demonstrate that they result in equivalent or improved maintenance standards and shall inform the type-certificate holder of such changes. Maintenance instructions for the purposes of this point means instructions on how to carry out the particular maintenance task: they exclude the engineering design of repairs and modifications.

(e) The organisation shall provide a common work card or worksheet system to be used throughout relevant parts of the organisation. In addition, the organisation shall either transcribe accurately the maintenance data contained in points (b) and (d) onto such work cards or worksheets or make precise reference to the particular maintenance task or tasks contained in such maintenance data. Work cards and worksheets may be computer generated and held on an electronic database subject to both adequate safeguards against unauthorised alteration and a back-up electronic database which shall be updated within 24 hours of any entry made to the main electronic database. Complex maintenance tasks shall be transcribed onto the work cards or worksheets and subdivided into clear stages to ensure a record of the accomplishment of the complete maintenance task.

Where the organisation provides a maintenance service to an aircraft operator who requires their work card or worksheet system to be used then such work card or worksheet system may be used. In this case, the organisation shall establish a procedure to ensure correct completion of the aircraft operators' work cards or worksheets.

(f) The organisation shall ensure that all applicable maintenance data is readily available for use when required by maintenance personnel.

(g) The organisation shall establish a procedure to ensure that maintenance data it controls is kept up to date. In the case of operator/customer controlled and provided maintenance data, the organisation shall be able to show that either it has written confirmation from the operator/customer that all such maintenance data is up to date or it has work orders specifying the amendment status of the maintenance data to be used or it can show that it is on the operator/customer maintenance data amendment list.

145.A.47    Production planning

(a) The organisation shall have a system appropriate to the amount and complexity of work to plan the availability of all necessary personnel, tools, equipment, material, maintenance data and facilities in order to ensure the safe completion of the maintenance work.

(b) The planning of maintenance tasks, and the organising of shifts, shall take into account human performance limitations.

(c) When it is required to hand over the continuation or completion of maintenance tasks for reasons of a shift or personnel changeover, relevant information shall be adequately communicated between outgoing and incoming personnel.

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145.A.48    Performance of maintenance

The organisation shall establish procedures to ensure that:

(a) after completion of maintenance a general verification is carried out to ensure that the aircraft or component is clear of all tools, equipment and any extraneous parts or material, and that all access panels removed have been refitted;

(b) an error capturing method is implemented after the performance of any critical maintenance task;

(c) the risk of multiple errors during maintenance and the risk of errors being repeated in identical maintenance tasks are minimised; and,

(d) damage is assessed and modifications and repairs are carried out using data specified in point M.A.304.

▼B

145.A.50    Certification of maintenance

(a) A certificate of release to service shall be issued by appropriately authorised certifying staff on behalf of the organisation when it has been verified that all maintenance ordered has been properly carried out by the organisation in accordance with the procedures specified in point 145.A.70, taking into account the availability and use of the maintenance data specified in point 145.A.45 and that there are no non-compliances which are known to endanger flight safety.

(b) A certificate of release to service shall be issued before flight at the completion of any maintenance.

(c) New defects or incomplete maintenance work orders identified during the above maintenance shall be brought to the attention of the aircraft operator for the specific purpose of obtaining agreement to rectify such defects or completing the missing elements of the maintenance work order. In the case where the aircraft operator declines to have such maintenance carried out under this point, point (e) is applicable.

(d) A certificate of release to service shall be issued at the completion of any maintenance on a component whilst off the aircraft. The authorised release certificate ‘EASA Form 1’ referred to in Appendix II of Annex I (Part-M) constitutes the component certificate of release to service except if otherwise specified in point M.A.502(b) or M.A.502(e). When an organisation maintains a component for its own use, an EASA Form 1 may not be necessary depending upon the organisation's internal release procedures defined in the exposition.

(e) By derogation to point (a), when the organisation is unable to complete all maintenance ordered, it may issue a certificate of release to service within the approved aircraft limitations. The organisation shall enter such fact in the aircraft certificate of release to service before the issue of such certificate.

(f) By derogation to points (a) and 145.A.42, when an aircraft is grounded at a location other than the main line station or main maintenance base due to the non-availability of a component with the appropriate release certificate, it is permissible to temporarily fit a component without the appropriate release certificate for a maximum of 30 flight hours or until the aircraft first returns to the main line station or main maintenance base, whichever is the sooner, subject to the aircraft operator agreement and said component having a suitable release certificate but otherwise in compliance with all applicable maintenance and operational requirements. Such components shall be removed by the above prescribed time limit unless an appropriate release certificate has been obtained in the meantime under points (a) and 145.A.42.

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145.A.55    Maintenance and airworthiness review records

(a) The organisation shall record all details of maintenance work carried out. As a minimum, the organisation shall retain records necessary to prove that all requirements have been met for the issue of the certificate of release to service, including subcontractor's release documents, and for the issue of any airworthiness review certificate and recommendation.

▼B

(b) The organisation shall provide a copy of each certificate of release to service to the aircraft operator, together with a copy of any specific repair/modification data used for repairs/modifications carried out.

(c)  ►M1  The organisation shall retain a copy of all detailed maintenance records and any associated maintenance data for three years from the date the aircraft or component to which the work relates was released from the organisation. In addition, it shall retain a copy of all the records related to the issue of airworthiness review certificates and recommendations for three years from the date of issue and shall provide a copy of them to the owner of the aircraft. ◄

1. The records under this point shall be stored in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration and theft.

2. Computer backup discs, tapes etc. shall be stored in a different location from that containing the working discs, tapes etc., in an environment that ensures they remain in good condition.

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3. Where an organisation approved under this Annex (Part-145) terminates its operation, all retained maintenance records covering the last three years shall be distributed to the last owner or customer of the respective aircraft or component or shall be stored as specified by the competent authority.

▼B

145.A.60    Occurrence reporting

(a) The organisation shall report to the competent authority, the state of registry and the organisation responsible for the design of the aircraft or component any condition of the aircraft or component identified by the organisation that has resulted or may result in an unsafe condition that hazards seriously the flight safety.

(b) The organisation shall establish an internal occurrence reporting system as detailed in the exposition to enable the collection and evaluation of such reports, including the assessment and extraction of those occurrences to be reported under point (a). This procedure shall identify adverse trends, corrective actions taken or to be taken by the organisation to address deficiencies and include evaluation of all known relevant information relating to such occurrences and a method to circulate the information as necessary.

(c) The organisation shall make such reports in a form and manner established by the Agency and ensure that they contain all pertinent information about the condition and evaluation results known to the organisation.

(d) Where the organisation is contracted by a commercial operator to carry out maintenance, the organisation shall also report to the operator any such condition affecting the operator's aircraft or component.

(e) The organisation shall produce and submit such reports as soon as practicable but in any case within 72 hours of the organisation identifying the condition to which the report relates.

145.A.65    Safety and quality policy, maintenance procedures and quality system

(a) The organisation shall establish a safety and quality policy for the organisation to be included in the exposition under point 145.A.70.

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(b) The organisation shall establish procedures agreed by the competent authority taking into account human factors and human performance to ensure good maintenance practices and compliance with the applicable requirements established in 145.A.25 to 145.A.95. The procedures under this point shall:

1. ensure that a clear work order or contract has been agreed between the organisation and the organisation requesting maintenance to clearly establish the maintenance to be carried out so that aircraft and components may be released to service in accordance with 145.A.50; and,

2. cover all aspects of carrying out maintenance, including the provision and control of specialised services and lay down the standards to which the organisation intends to work.

▼B

(c) The organisation shall establish a quality system that includes the following:

1. Independent audits in order to monitor compliance with required aircraft/aircraft component standards and adequacy of the procedures to ensure that such procedures invoke good maintenance practices and airworthy aircraft/aircraft components. In the smallest organisations the independent audit part of the quality system may be contracted to another organisation approved under this Part or a person with appropriate technical knowledge and proven satisfactory audit experience; and

2. A quality feedback reporting system to the person or group of persons specified in point 145.A.30(b) and ultimately to the accountable manager that ensures proper and timely corrective action is taken in response to reports resulting from the independent audits established to meet point (1).

145.A.70    Maintenance organisation exposition

(a) ‘Maintenance organisation exposition’ means the document or documents that contain the material specifying the scope of work deemed to constitute approval and showing how the organisation intends to comply with this Annex (Part-145). The organisation shall provide the competent authority with a maintenance organisation exposition, containing the following information:

1. A statement signed by the accountable manager confirming that the maintenance organisation exposition and any referenced associated manuals define the organisation's compliance with this Annex (Part-145) and will be complied with at all times. When the accountable manager is not the chief executive officer of the organisation then such chief executive officer shall countersign the statement;

2. the organisation's safety and quality policy as specified by point 145.A.65;

3. the title(s) and name(s) of the persons nominated under point 145.A.30(b);

4. the duties and responsibilities of the persons nominated under point 145.A.30(b), including matters on which they may deal directly with the competent authority on behalf of the organisation;

5. an organisation chart showing associated chains of responsibility between the persons nominated under point 145.A.30(b);

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6. a list of certifying staff, support staff and, if applicable, airworthiness review staff and staff responsible for the development and processing of the maintenance programme, with their scope of approval;

▼B

7. a general description of manpower resources;

8. a general description of the facilities located at each address specified in the organisation's approval certificate;

9. a specification of the organisation's scope of work relevant to the extent of approval;

10. the notification procedure of point 145.A.85 for organisation changes;

11. the maintenance organisation exposition amendment procedure;

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12. the procedures and quality system established by the organisation under points 145.A.25 to 145.A.90 and any additional procedure followed in accordance with Annex I (Part M);

▼B

13. a list of commercial operators, where applicable, to which the organisation provides an aircraft maintenance service;

14. a list of subcontracted organisations, where applicable, as specified in point 145.A.75(b);

15. a list of line stations, where applicable, as specified in point 145.A.75(d);

16. a list of contracted organisations, where applicable.

(b) The exposition shall be amended as necessary to remain an up-to-date description of the organisation The exposition and any subsequent amendment shall be approved by the competent authority.

(c) Notwithstanding point (b) minor amendments to the exposition may be approved through an exposition procedure (hereinafter called indirect approval).

145.A.75    Privileges of the organisation

In accordance with the exposition, the organisation shall be entitled to carry out the following tasks:

(a) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at the locations identified in the approval certificate and in the exposition;

(b) Arrange for maintenance of any aircraft or component for which it is approved at another organisation that is working under the quality system of the organisation. This refers to work being carried out by an organisation not itself appropriately approved to carry out such maintenance under this Part and is limited to the work scope permitted under procedures laid down in point 145.A.65(b). This work scope shall not include a base maintenance check of an aircraft or a complete workshop maintenance check or overhaul of an engine or engine module;

(c) Maintain any aircraft or any component for which it is approved at any location subject to the need for such maintenance arising either from the unserviceability of the aircraft or from the necessity of supporting occasional line maintenance, subject to the conditions specified in the exposition;

(d) Maintain any aircraft and/or component for which it is approved at a location identified as a line maintenance location capable of supporting minor maintenance and only if the organisation exposition both permits such activity and lists such locations;

(e) Issue certificates of release to service in respect of completion of maintenance in accordance with point 145.A.50;

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(f) If specifically approved to do so for ELA1 aircraft not involved in commercial operations,

1. perform airworthiness reviews and issue the corresponding airworthiness review certificate, under the conditions specified in point M.A.901(l), and

2. perform airworthiness reviews and issue the corresponding recommendation, under the conditions specified in point M.A.901(l) and M.A.904(a)2 and (b).

(g) Develop the maintenance programme and process its approval in accordance with point M.A.302 for ELA2 aircraft not involved in commercial operations, under the conditions specified in point M.A.201(e)(ii), and limited to the aircraft ratings listed in the approval certificate.

▼B

145.A.80    Limitations on the organisation

The organisation shall only maintain an aircraft or component for which it is approved when all the necessary facilities, equipment, tooling, material, maintenance data and certifying staff are available.

145.A.85    Changes to the organisation

The organisation shall notify the competent authority of any proposal to carry out any of the following changes before such changes take place to enable the competent authority to determine continued compliance with this Part and to amend, if necessary, the approval certificate, except that in the case of proposed changes in personnel not known to the management beforehand, these changes must be notified at the earliest opportunity:

1. the name of the organisation;

2. the main location of the organisation;

3. additional locations of the organisation;

4. the accountable manager;

5. any of the persons nominated under point 145.A.30(b);

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6. the facilities, equipment, tools, material, procedures, work scope, certifying staff and airworthiness review staff that could affect the approval.

▼B

145.A.90    Continued validity

(a) An approval shall be issued for an unlimited duration. It shall remain valid subject to:

1. the organisation remaining in compliance with Annex II (Part-145), in accordance with the provisions related to the handling of findings as specified under point 145.B.50; and

2. the competent authority being granted access to the organisation to determine continued compliance with this Part; and

3. the certificate not being surrendered or revoked.

(b) Upon surrender or revocation, the approval shall be returned to the competent authority.

145.A.95    Findings

(a) A level 1 finding is any significant non-compliance with requirements laid down in this Annex (Part-145) which lowers the safety standard and hazards seriously the flight safety.

(b) A level 2 finding is any non-compliance with requirements laid down in this Annex (Part-145) which could lower the safety standard and possibly hazard the flight safety.

(c) After receipt of notification of findings according to point 145.B.50, the holder of the maintenance organisation approval shall define a corrective action plan and demonstrate corrective action to the satisfaction of the competent authority within a period agreed with this authority.

SECTION B

PROCEDURE FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

145.B.01    Scope

This section establishes the administrative procedures which the competent authority shall follow when exercising its tasks and responsibilities regarding issuance, continuation, change, suspension or revocation of approvals of maintenance organisations under this Annex (Part-145).

145.B.10    Competent authority

1.   General

The Member State shall designate a competent authority with allocated responsibilities for the issuance, continuation, change, suspension or revocation of a maintenance approval. This competent authority shall establish documented procedures and an organisational structure.

2.   Resources

The number of staff must be appropriate to carry out the requirements as detailed in this section.

3.   Qualification and training

All staff involved in approvals under this Annex (Part-145) must:

(a) be appropriately qualified and have all necessary knowledge, experience and training to perform their allocated tasks.

(b) have received training/continuation training on this Annex (Part-145) where relevant, including its intended meaning and standard.

4.   Procedures

The competent authority shall establish procedures detailing how compliance with this Section B is accomplished.

The procedures must be reviewed and amended to ensure continued compliance.

145.B.15    Organisations located in several Member States

Where maintenance facilities are located in more than one Member State the investigation and continued oversight of the approval must be carried out in conjunction with the competent authorities from the Member States in whose territory the other maintenance facilities are located.

145.B.20    Initial approval

1. Provided the requirements of points 145.A.30(a) and (b) are complied with, the competent authority shall formally indicate its acceptance of the personnel, specified in points 145.A.30(a) and (b), to the applicant in writing.

2. The competent authority shall verify that the procedures specified in the maintenance organisation exposition comply with this Annex (Part-145) and verify that the accountable manager signs the commitment statement.

3. The competent authority shall verify that the organisation is in compliance with the requirements of this Annex (Part-145).

4. A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once during the investigation for approval to ensure that he/she fully understands the significance of the approval and the reason for signing the exposition commitment of the organisation to compliance with the procedures specified in the exposition.

5. All findings must be confirmed in writing to the organisation.

6. The competent authority shall record all findings, closure actions (actions required to close a finding) and recommendations

7. For initial approval all findings must be corrected before the approval can be issued.

145.B.25    Issue of approval

1. The competent authority shall formally approve the exposition and issue to the applicant a Form 3 approval certificate, which includes the approval ratings. The competent authority shall only issue a certificate when the organisation is in compliance with this Annex (Part-145).

2. The competent authority shall indicate the conditions of the approval on the Form 3 approval certificate.

3. The reference number shall be included on the Form 3 approval certificate in a manner specified by the Agency.

145.B.30    Continuation of an approval

The continuation of an approval shall be monitored in accordance with the applicable ‘initial approval’ process under point 145.B.20. In addition:

1. The competent authority shall keep and update a program listing the approved maintenance organisations under its supervision, the dates when audit visits are due and when such visits were carried out.

2. Each organisation must be completely reviewed for compliance with this Annex (Part-145) at periods not exceeding 24 months.

3. A meeting with the accountable manager shall be convened at least once every 24 months to ensure he/she remains informed of significant issues arising during audits.

145.B.35    Changes

1. The competent authority shall receive notification from the organisation of any proposed change as listed in point 145.A.85.

The competent authority shall comply with the applicable elements of the initial process points for any change to the organisation.

2. The competent authority may prescribe the conditions under which organisation may operate during such changes unless it determines that the approval should be suspended.

145.B.40    Changes to the Maintenance Organisation Exposition

For any change to the Maintenance Organisation Exposition (MOE):

1. In the case of direct approval of the changes in accordance with point 145.A.70(b), the competent authority shall verify that the procedures specified in the exposition are in compliance with Annex II (Part-145) before formally notifying the approved organisation of the approval.

2. In the case an indirect approval procedure is used for the approval of the changes in accordance with point 145.A.70(c), the competent authority shall ensure (i) that the changes remain minor and (ii) that it has an adequate control over the approval of the changes to ensure they remain in compliance with the requirements of Annex II (Part-145).

145.B.45    Revocation, suspension and limitation of approval

The competent authority shall:

(a) suspend an approval on reasonable grounds in the case of potential safety threat; or

(b) suspend, revoke or limit an approval pursuant to point 145.B.50.

145.B.50    Findings

(a) When during audits or by other means evidence is found showing non-compliance with the requirements of this Annex (Part-145), the competent authority shall take the following actions:

1. For level 1 findings, immediate action shall be taken by the competent authority to revoke, limit or suspend in whole or in part, depending upon the extent of the level 1 finding, the maintenance organisation approval, until successful corrective action has been taken by the organisation.

2. For level 2 findings, the corrective action period granted by the competent authority must be appropriate to the nature of the finding but in any case initially must not be more than three months. In certain circumstances and subject to the nature of the finding the competent authority may extend the three month period subject to a satisfactory corrective action plan agreed by the competent authority.

(b) Action shall be taken by the competent authority to suspend in whole or part the approval in case of failure to comply within the timescale granted by the competent authority

145.B.55    Record-keeping

1. The competent authority shall establish a system of record-keeping with minimum retention criteria that allows adequate traceability of the process to issue, continue, change, suspend or revoke each individual organisation approval.

2. The records shall include as a minimum:

(a) the application for an organisation approval, including the continuation thereof.

(b) the competent authority continued oversight program including all audit records.

(c) the organisation approval certificate including any change thereto.

(d) a copy of the audit program listing the dates when audits are due and when audits were carried out.

(e) copies of all formal correspondence including Form 4 or equivalent.

(f) details of any exemption and enforcement action(s).

(g) any other competent authority audit report forms.

(h) maintenance organisation expositions.

3. The minimum retention period for the above records shall be four years.

4. The competent authority may elect to use either a paper or computer system or any combination of both subject to appropriate controls.

145.B.60    Exemptions

All exemptions granted in accordance with Article 10(3) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 shall be recorded and retained by the competent authority




Appendix I

Authorised Release Certificate — EASA Form 1

The provisions of Appendix II to Annex I (Part-M) apply.




Appendix II

Class and Ratings System used for the Approval of Maintenance Organisations referred to in Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F and Annex II (Part-145)

The provisions of Appendix IV to Annex I (Part-M) apply.

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Appendix III

Maintenance Organisation Approval referred to in Annex II (Part-145)

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▼B




Appendix IV

Conditions for the use of staff not qualified in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) referred to in points 145.A.30(j)1 and 2

1.

Certifying staff in compliance with all the following conditions are deemed to meet the intent of point 145.A.30(j)(1) and (2):

(a) The person shall hold a licence or a certifying staff authorisation issued under national regulations in full compliance with ICAO Annex 1.

(b) The scope of work of the person shall not exceed the scope of work defined by the national licence or the certifying staff authorisation, whatever is the most restrictive.

(c) The person shall demonstrate he/she received the training on human factors and aviation legislation referred to in modules 9 and 10 of Appendix I to Annex III (Part-66).

(d) The person shall demonstrate 5 years maintenance experience for line maintenance certifying staff and 8 years for base maintenance certifying staff. However, those persons whose authorised tasks do not exceed those of a Part-66 category A certifying staff, need to demonstrate 3 years maintenance experience only.

(e) Line maintenance certifying staff and base maintenance support staff shall demonstrate he/she received type training and passed examination at the category B1, B2 or B3 level, as applicable, referred to in Appendix III to Annex III (Part-66) for each aircraft type in the scope of work referred to in point (b). Those persons whose scope of work does not exceed those of a category A certifying staff may however receive task training in lieu of a complete type training.

(f) Base maintenance certifying staff shall demonstrate he/she received type training and passed examination at the category C level referred to in Appendix III to Annex III (Part-66) for each aircraft type in the scope of work referred to in point (b), except that for the first aircraft type, training and examination shall be at the category B1, B2 or B3 level of Appendix III.

2.

Protected rights

(a) The personnel having privileges before the entry into force of the relevant requirements of Annex III (Part-66) may continue to exercise them without the need to comply with points 1(c) to 1(f).

(b) However after that date any certifying staff willing to extend the scope of their authorisation to include additional privileges shall comply with point 1.

(c) Notwithstanding point 2(b) above, in the case of additional type training, compliance with points 1(c) and 1(d) is not required.




ANNEX III

(Part-66)

CONTENTS

66.1.

Competent authority

SECTION A —

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

SUBPART A —

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE LICENCE

66.A.1

Scope

66.A.3

Licence categories

66.A.5

Aircraft groups

66.A.10

Application

66.A.15

Eligibility

66.A.20

Privileges

66.A.25

Basic knowledge requirements

66.A.30

Basic experience requirements

66.A.40

Continued validity of the aircraft maintenance licence

66.A.45

Endorsement with aircraft ratings

66.A.50

Limitations

66.A.55

Evidence of qualification

66.A.70

Conversion provisions

SECTION B —

PROCEDURES FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

SUBPART A —

GENERAL

66.B.1

Scope

66.B.10

Competent authority

66.B.20

Record-keeping

66.B.25

Mutual exchange of information

66.B.30

Exemptions

SUBPART B —

ISSUE OF AN AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE LICENCE

66.B.100

Procedure for the issue of an aircraft maintenance licence by the competent authority

66.B.105

Procedure for the issue of an aircraft maintenance licence via the Part-145 approved maintenance organisation

66.B.110

Procedure for the change of an aircraft maintenance licence to include an additional basic category or subcategory

66.B.115

Procedure for the change of an aircraft maintenance licence to include an aircraft rating or to remove limitations

66.B.120

Procedure for the renewal of an aircraft maintenance licence validity

66.B.125

Procedure for the conversion of licences including group ratings

66.B.130

Procedure for the direct approval of aircraft type training

SUBPART C —

EXAMINATIONS

66.B.200

Examination by the competent authority

SUBPART D —

CONVERSION OF CERTIFYING STAFF QUALIFICATIONS

66.B.300

General

66.B.305

Conversion report for national qualifications

66.B.310

Conversion report for approved maintenance organisations authorisations

SUBPART E —

EXAMINATION CREDITS

66.B.400

General

66.B.405

Examination credit report

66.B.410

Examination credit validity

SUBPART F —

CONTINUING OVERSIGHT

66.B.500

Revocation, suspension or limitation of the aircraft maintenance licence

APPENDICES

Appendix I —

Basic knowledge requirements

Appendix II —

Basic examination standard

Appendix III —

Aircraft type training and examination standard. On the job training

Appendix IV —

Experience requirements for extending an aircraft maintenance licence

Appendix V —

Application Form — EASA Form 19

Appendix VI —

Aircraft Maintenance Licence referred to in Annex III (Part-66)

66.1    Competent authority

(a) For the purpose of this Annex (Part-66), the competent authority shall be:

1. the authority designated by the Member State to whom a person first applies for the issuance of an aircraft maintenance licence; or

2. the authority designated by another Member State, in case it would be different, subject to agreement with the authority referred to in point 1. In that case, the licence referred to in point 1 shall be revoked, all the records mentioned in point 66.B.20 shall be transferred and a new licence shall be issued on the basis of these records.

(b) The Agency shall be responsible for defining:

1. the list of aircraft types; and

2. what airframe/engine combinations are included in each particular aircraft type rating.

SECTION A

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

SUBPART A

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE LICENCE

66.A.1    Scope

This section defines the aircraft maintenance licence and establishes the requirements for application, issue and continuation of its validity.

66.A.3    Licence categories

(a) Aircraft maintenance licences include the following categories:

 Category A

 Category B1

 Category B2

 Category B3

 Category C

(b) Categories A and B1 are subdivided into subcategories relative to combinations of aeroplanes, helicopters, turbine and piston engines. These subcategories are:

 A1 and B1.1 Aeroplanes Turbine

 A2 and B1.2 Aeroplanes Piston

 A3 and B1.3 Helicopters Turbine

 A4 and B1.4 Helicopters Piston

(c) Category B3 is applicable to piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and below.

66.A.5    Aircraft groups

For the purpose of ratings on aircraft maintenance licences, aircraft shall be classified in the following groups:

1. Group 1: complex motor-powered aircraft as well as multiple engine helicopters, aeroplanes with maximum certified operating altitude exceeding FL290, aircraft equipped with fly-by-wire systems and other aircraft requiring an aircraft type rating when defined so by the Agency.

2. Group 2: aircraft other than those in Group 1 belonging to the following subgroups:

 sub-group 2a: single turbo-propeller engine aeroplanes

 sub-group 2b: single turbine engine helicopters

 sub-group 2c: single piston engine helicopters.

3. Group 3: piston engine aeroplanes other than those in Group 1.

66.A.10    Application

(a) An application for an aircraft maintenance licence or change to such licence shall be made on an EASA Form 19 (see Appendix V) in a manner established by the competent authority and submitted thereto.

(b) An application for the change to an aircraft maintenance licence shall be made to the competent authority of the Member State that issued the aircraft maintenance licence.

(c) In addition to the documents required in points 66.A.10(a), 66.A.10(b) and 66.B.105, as appropriate, the applicant for additional basic categories or subcategories to an aircraft maintenance licence shall submit his/her current original aircraft maintenance licence to the competent authority together with the EASA Form 19.

(d) Where the applicant for change of the basic categories qualifies for such change via the procedure referred to in point 66.B.100 in a Member State other than the Member State which issued the license, the application shall be sent to the competent authority referred to in point 66.1.

(e) Where the applicant for change of the basic categories qualifies for such change via the procedure referred to in point 66.B.105 in a Member State other than the Member State which issued the license, the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) shall send the aircraft maintenance licence together with the EASA Form 19 to the competent authority referred to in point 66.1 for stamp and signature of the change or reissue of the licence, as appropriate.

(f) Each application shall be supported by documentation to demonstrate compliance with the applicable theoretical knowledge, practical training and experience requirements at the time of application.

66.A.15    Eligibility

An applicant for an aircraft maintenance licence shall be at least 18 years of age.

66.A.20    Privileges

(a) The following privileges shall apply:

1. A category A aircraft maintenance licence permits the holder to issue certificates of release to service following minor scheduled line maintenance and simple defect rectification within the limits of tasks specifically endorsed on the certification authorisation referred to in point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145). The certification privileges shall be restricted to work that the licence holder has personally performed in the maintenance organisation that issued the certification authorisation.

2. A category B1 aircraft maintenance licence shall permit the holder to issue certificates of release to service and to act as B1 support staff following:

 maintenance performed on aircraft structure, powerplant and mechanical and electrical systems,

 work on avionic systems requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability and not requiring troubleshooting.

Category B1 includes the corresponding A subcategory.

3. A category B2 aircraft maintenance licence shall permit the holder:

(i) to issue certificates of release to service and to act as B2 support staff for following:

 maintenance performed on avionic and electrical systems, and

 electrical and avionics tasks within powerplant and mechanical systems, requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability; and

(ii) to issue certificates of release to service following minor scheduled line maintenance and simple defect rectification within the limits of tasks specifically endorsed on the certification authorisation referred to in point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145). This certification privilege shall be restricted to work that the licence holder has personally performed in the maintenance organisation which issued the certification authorisation and limited to the ratings already endorsed in the B2 licence.

The category B2 licence does not include any A subcategory.

4. A category B3 aircraft maintenance licence shall permit the holder to issue certificates of release to service and to act as B3 support staff for:

 maintenance performed on aeroplane structure, powerplant and mechanical and electrical systems,

 work on avionic systems requiring only simple tests to prove their serviceability and not requiring troubleshooting.

5. A category C aircraft maintenance licence shall permit the holder to issue certificates of release to service following base maintenance on aircraft. The privileges apply to the aircraft in its entirety.

(b) The holder of an aircraft maintenance licence may not exercise its privileges unless:

1. in compliance with the applicable requirements of Annex I (Part-M) and Annex II (Part-145); and

2. in the preceding 2-year period he/she has, either had 6 months of maintenance experience in accordance with the privileges granted by the aircraft maintenance licence or, met the provision for the issue of the appropriate privileges; and

3. he/she has the adequate competence to certify maintenance on the corresponding aircraft; and

4. he/she is able to read, write and communicate to an understandable level in the language(s) in which the technical documentation and procedures necessary to support the issue of the certificate of release to service are written.

66.A.25    Basic knowledge requirements

(a) An applicant for an aircraft maintenance licence, or the addition of a category or subcategory to such a licence, shall demonstrate by examination a level of knowledge in the appropriate subject modules in accordance with the Appendix I to Annex III (Part-66). The examination shall be conducted either by a training organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147) or by the competent authority.

(b) The training courses and examinations shall be passed within 10 years prior to the application for an aircraft maintenance licence or the addition of a category or subcategory to such aircraft maintenance licence. Should this not be the case, examination credits may however be obtained in accordance with point (c).

(c) The applicant may apply to the competent authority for full or partial examination credit to the basic knowledge requirements for:

1. basic knowledge examinations that do not meet the requirement described in point (b) above; and

2. any other technical qualification considered by the competent authority to be equivalent to the knowledge standard of Annex III (Part-66).

Credits shall be granted in accordance with Subpart E of Section B of this Annex (Part-66).

(d) Credits expire 10 years after they were granted to the applicant by the competent authority. The applicant may apply for new credits after expiration.

66.A.30    Basic experience requirements

(a) An applicant for an aircraft maintenance licence shall have acquired:

1. for category A, subcategories B1.2 and B1.4 and category B3:

(i) 3 years of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft, if the applicant has no previous relevant technical training; or

(ii) 2 years of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft and completion of training considered relevant by the competent authority as a skilled worker, in a technical trade; or

(iii) 1 year of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft and completion of a basic training course approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147);

2. for category B2 and subcategories B1.1 and B1.3:

(i) 5 years of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft if the applicant has no previous relevant technical training; or

(ii) 3 years of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft and completion of training considered relevant by the competent authority as a skilled worker, in a technical trade; or

(iii) 2 years of practical maintenance experience on operating aircraft and completion of a basic training course approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147);

▼M2

3. for category C with respect to complex motor-powered aircraft:

(i) 3 years of experience exercising category B1.1, B1.3 or B2 privileges on complex motor-powered aircraft or as support staff according to point 145.A.35, or, a combination of both; or

(ii) 5 years of experience exercising category B1.2 or B1.4 privileges on complex motor-powered aircraft or as support staff according to point 145.A.35, or a combination of both;

4. For category C with respect to other than complex motor-powered aircraft: 3 years of experience exercising category B1 or B2 privileges on other than complex motor-powered aircraft or as support staff according to point 145.A.35, or a combination of both;

▼B

5. for category C obtained through the academic route: an applicant holding an academic degree in a technical discipline, from a university or other higher educational institution recognised by the competent authority, 3 years of experience working in a civil aircraft maintenance environment on a representative selection of tasks directly associated with aircraft maintenance including 6 months of observation of base maintenance tasks.

(b) An applicant for an extension to an aircraft maintenance licence shall have a minimum civil aircraft maintenance experience requirement appropriate to the additional category or subcategory of licence applied for as defined in Appendix IV to this Annex (Part-66).

(c) The experience shall be practical and involve a representative cross section of maintenance tasks on aircraft.

(d) At least 1 year of the required experience shall be recent maintenance experience on aircraft of the category/subcategory for which the initial aircraft maintenance licence is sought. For subsequent category/subcategory additions to an existing aircraft maintenance licence, the additional recent maintenance experience required may be less than 1 year, but shall be at least 3 months. The required experience shall be dependent upon the difference between the licence category/subcategory held and applied for. Such additional experience shall be typical of the new licence category/subcategory sought.

(e) Notwithstanding point (a), aircraft maintenance experience gained outside a civil aircraft maintenance environment shall be accepted when such maintenance is equivalent to that required by this Annex (Part-66) as established by the competent authority. Additional experience of civil aircraft maintenance shall, however, be required to ensure adequate understanding of the civil aircraft maintenance environment.

(f) Experience shall have been acquired within the 10 years preceding the application for an aircraft maintenance licence or the addition of a category or subcategory to such a licence.

66.A.40    Continued validity of the aircraft maintenance licence

(a) The aircraft maintenance licence becomes invalid 5 years after its last issue or change, unless the holder submits his/her aircraft maintenance licence to the competent authority that issued it, in order to verify that the information contained in the licence is the same as that contained in the competent authority records, pursuant to point 66.B.120.

(b) The holder of an aircraft maintenance licence shall complete the relevant parts of EASA Form 19 (see Appendix V) and submit it with the holder's copy of the licence to the competent authority that issued the original aircraft maintenance licence, unless the holder works in a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) that has a procedure in its exposition whereby such organisation may submit the necessary documentation on behalf of the aircraft maintenance licence holder.

(c) Any certification privilege based upon a aircraft maintenance licence becomes invalid as soon as the aircraft maintenance licence is invalid.

(d) The aircraft maintenance licence is only valid (i) when issued and/or changed by the competent authority and (ii) when the holder has signed the document.

66.A.45    Endorsement with aircraft ratings

(a) In order to be entitled to exercise certification privileges on a specific aircraft type, the holder of an aircraft maintenance licence need to have his/her licence endorsed with the relevant aircraft ratings.

 For category B1, B2 or C the relevant aircraft ratings are the following:

 

1. For group 1 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating.

2. For group 2 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating, manufacturer sub-group rating or full sub-group rating.

3. For group 3 aircraft, the appropriate aircraft type rating or full group rating.

 For category B3, the relevant rating is ‘piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and below’.

 For category A, no rating is required, subject to compliance with the requirements of point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145).

(b) The endorsement of aircraft type ratings requires the satisfactory completion of the relevant category B1, B2 or C aircraft type training.

(c) In addition to the requirement of point (b), the endorsement of the first aircraft type rating within a given category/sub-category requires satisfactory completion of the corresponding On the Job Training, as described in Appendix III to Annex III (Part-66).

(d) By derogation from points (b) and (c), for group 2 and 3 aircraft, aircraft type ratings may also be granted after:

 satisfactory completion of the relevant category B1, B2 or C aircraft type examination described in Appendix III to this Annex (Part-66), and

 in the case of B1 and B2 category, demonstration of practical experience on the aircraft type. In that case, the practical experience shall include a representative cross section of maintenance activities relevant to the licence category.

In the case of a category C rating for a person qualified by holding an academic degree as specified in point 66.A.30(a)(5), the first relevant aircraft type examination shall be at the category B1 or B2 level.

(e) For group 2 aircraft:

1. the endorsement of manufacturer sub-group ratings for category B1 and C licence holders requires complying with the aircraft type rating requirements of at least two aircraft types from the same manufacturer which combined are representative of the applicable manufacturer sub-group;

2. the endorsement of full sub-group ratings for category B1 and C licence holders requires complying with the aircraft type rating requirements of at least three aircraft types from different manufacturers which combined are representative of the applicable sub-group;

3. the endorsement of manufacturer sub-groups and full sub-group ratings for category B2 licence holders requires demonstration of practical experience which shall include a representative cross section of maintenance activities relevant to the licence category and to the applicable aircraft sub-group.

(f) For group 3 aircraft:

1. the endorsement of the full group 3 rating for category B1, B2 and C licence holders requires demonstration of practical experience, which shall include a representative cross section of maintenance activities relevant to the licence category and to the group 3.

2. for category B1, unless the applicant provides evidence of appropriate experience, the group 3 rating shall be subject to the following limitations, which shall be endorsed on the licence:

 pressurised aeroplanes

 metal structure aeroplanes

 composite structure aeroplanes

 wooden structure aeroplanes

 aeroplanes with metal tubing structure covered with fabric.

(g) For the B3 licence:

1. the endorsement of the rating ‘piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes of 2 000 kg MTOM and below’ requires demonstration of practical experience which shall include a representative cross-section of maintenance activities relevant to the licence category.

2. unless the applicant provides evidence of appropriate experience, the rating referred to in point 1 shall be subject to the following limitations, which shall be endorsed on the licence:

 wooden structure aeroplanes

 aeroplanes with metal tubing structure covered with fabric

 metal structure aeroplanes

 composite structure aeroplanes.

66.A.50    Limitations

(a) Limitations introduced on an aircraft maintenance licence are exclusions from the certification privileges and affect the aircraft in its entirety.

(b) For limitations referred to in point 66.A.45, limitations shall be removed upon:

1. demonstration of appropriate experience; or

2. after a satisfactory practical assessment performed by the competent authority.

(c) For limitations referred to in point 66.A.70, limitations shall be removed upon satisfactory completion of examination on those modules/subjects defined in the applicable conversion report referred to in point 66.B.300.

66.A.55    Evidence of qualification

Personnel exercising certification privileges as well as support staff shall produce their licence, as evidence of qualification, within 24 hours upon request by an authorised person.

66.A.70    Conversion provisions

(a) The holder of a certifying staff qualification valid in a Member State, prior to the date of entry into force of Annex III (Part-66) shall be issued an aircraft maintenance licence by the competent authority of this Member State without further examination subject to the conditions specified in Section B Subpart D.

(b) A person undergoing a certifying staff qualification process valid in a Member State, prior to the date of entry into force of Annex III (Part-66) may continue to be qualified. The holder of a certifying staff qualification gained following such process shall be issued an aircraft maintenance licence by the competent authority of this Member State without further examination subject to the conditions specified in Section B Subpart D.

(c) Where necessary, the aircraft maintenance licence shall contain limitations in accordance with point 66.A.50 to reflect the differences between (i) the scope of the certifying staff qualification valid in the Member State before the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 and (ii) the basic knowledge requirements and the basic examination standards laid down in Appendix I and II to this Annex (Part-66).

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(d) By derogation from point (c), for aircraft not used by licenced air carriers in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008 other than complex motor-powered aircraft, the aircraft maintenance licence shall contain limitations in accordance with point 66.A.50 to ensure that the certifying staff privileges valid in the Member State before the entry into force of this Regulation and the privileges of the converted Part-66 aircraft maintenance licence remain the same.

▼B

SECTION B

PROCEDURES FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

SUBPART A

GENERAL

66.B.1    Scope

This section establishes the procedures including the administrative requirements to be followed by the competent authorities in charge of the implementation and the enforcement of Section A of this Annex (Part-66).

66.B.10    Competent authority

(a)   General

The Member State shall designate a competent authority with allocated responsibilities for the issuance, continuation, change, suspension or revocation of aircraft maintenance licences.

This competent authority shall establish an adequate organisational structure to ensure compliance with this Annex (Part-66).

(b)   Resources

The competent authority shall be appropriately staffed to ensure the implementation of the requirements of this Annex (Part-66).

(c)   Procedures

The competent authority shall establish documented procedures detailing how compliance with this Annex (Part-66) is accomplished. These procedures shall be reviewed and amended to ensure continued compliance.

66.B.20    Record-keeping

(a) The competent authority shall establish a system of record-keeping that allows adequate traceability of the process to issue, revalidate, change, suspend or revoke each aircraft maintenance licence.

(b) These records shall include for each licence:

1. the application for an aircraft maintenance licence or change to that licence, including all supporting documentation;

2. a copy of the aircraft maintenance licence including any changes;

3. copies of all relevant correspondence;

4. details of any exemption and enforcement actions;

5. any report from other competent authorities relating to the aircraft maintenance licence holder;

6. the records of examinations conducted by the competent authority;

7. the applicable conversion report used for conversion;

8. the applicable credit report used for crediting.

(c) Records referred to in points 1 to 5 of point (b) shall be kept at least 5 years after the end of the licence validity.

(d) Records referred to in points 6, 7 and 8 of point (b) shall be kept for an unlimited period.

66.B.25    Mutual exchange of information

(a) In order to implement the requirement of this Regulation, the competent authorities shall participate in a mutual exchange of information in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(b) Without prejudice to the competencies of the Member States, in the case of a potential safety threat involving several Member States, the concerned competent authorities shall assist each other in carrying out the necessary oversight action.

66.B.30    Exemptions

All exemptions granted in accordance with Article 14.4 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 shall be recorded and retained by the competent authority.

SUBPART B

ISSUE OF AN AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE LICENCE

This Subpart provides the procedures to be followed by the competent authority to issue, change or continue an aircraft maintenance licence.

66.B.100    Procedure for the issue of an aircraft maintenance licence by the competent authority

(a) On receipt of EASA Form 19 and any supporting documentation, the competent authority shall verify EASA Form 19 for completeness and ensure that the experience claimed meets the requirement of this Annex (Part-66).

(b) The competent authority shall verify an applicant's examination status and/or confirm the validity of any credits to ensure that all required modules of Appendix I have been met as required by this Annex (Part-66).

(c) When having verified the identity and date of birth of the applicant and being satisfied that the applicant meets the standards of knowledge and experience required by this Annex (Part-66), the competent authority shall issue the relevant aircraft maintenance licence to the applicant. The same information shall be kept on competent authority records.

(d) In the case where aircraft types or groups are endorsed at the time of the issuance of the first aircraft maintenance licence, the competent authority shall verify compliance with point 66.B.115.

66.B.105    Procedure for the issue of an aircraft maintenance licence via a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145)

(a) A maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145), when authorised to carry out this activity by the competent authority, may (i) prepare the aircraft maintenance licence on behalf of the competent authority or (ii) make recommendations to the competent authority regarding the application from an individual for a aircraft maintenance licence so that the competent authority may prepare and issue such licence.

(b) Maintenance organisations referred to in point (a) shall ensure compliance with points 66.B.100 (a) and (b).

(c) In all cases, the aircraft maintenance licence can only be issued to the applicant by the competent authority.

66.B.110    Procedure for the change of an aircraft maintenance licence to include an additional basic category or subcategory

(a) At the completion of the procedures specified in points 66.B.100 or 66.B.105, the competent authority shall endorse the additional basic category or subcategory on the aircraft maintenance licence by stamp and signature or reissue the licence.

(b) The competent authority record system shall be changed accordingly.

66.B.115    Procedure for the change of an aircraft maintenance licence to include an aircraft rating or to remove limitations

(a) On receipt of a satisfactory EASA Form 19 and any supporting documentation demonstrating compliance with the requirements of the applicable rating together with the accompanying aircraft maintenance licence, the competent authority shall either:

1. endorse the applicant's aircraft maintenance licence with the applicable aircraft rating; or

2. reissue the said licence to include the applicable aircraft rating; or

3. remove the applicable limitations in accordance with point 66.A.50.

The competent authority record system shall be changed accordingly.

(b) In the case where the complete type training is not conducted by maintenance training organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147), the competent authority shall be satisfied that all type training requirements are complied with before the type rating is issued.

(c) In the case where the On the Job Training is not required, the aircraft type rating shall be endorsed based on a Certificate of Recognition issued by a maintenance training organisation approved in accordance with Annex IV (part-147).

(d) In the case where the aircraft type training is not covered by a single course, the competent authority shall be satisfied prior to the type rating endorsement that the content and length of the courses fully satisfy the scope of the licence category and that the interface areas have been appropriately addressed.

(e) In the case of differences training, the competent authority shall be satisfied that (i) the applicant's previous qualification, supplemented by (ii) either a course approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147) or a course directly approved by the competent authority, are acceptable for type rating endorsement.

(f) Compliance with the practical elements shall be demonstrated (i) by the provision of detailed practical training records or a logbook provided by a maintenance organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or, where available, (ii) by a training certificate covering the practical training element issued by a maintenance training organisation appropriately approved in accordance with Annex IV (part-147).

(g) Aircraft type endorsement shall use the aircraft type ratings specified by the Agency.

66.B.120    Procedure for the renewal of an aircraft maintenance licence validity

(a) The competent authority shall compare the holder's aircraft maintenance licence with the competent authority records and verify any pending revocation, suspension or change action pursuant to point 66.B.500. If the documents are identical and no action is pending pursuant to point 66.B.500, the holder's copy shall be renewed for 5 years and the file endorsed accordingly.

(b) If the competent authority records are different from the aircraft maintenance licence held by the licence holder:

1. the competent authority shall investigate the reasons for such differences and may choose not to renew the aircraft maintenance licence.

2. the competent authority shall inform the licence holder and any known maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex I (Part-M) Subpart F or Annex II (Part-145) that may be directly affected of such fact.

3. the competent authority shall, if necessary, take action in accordance with point 66.B.500 to revoke, suspend or change the licence in question.

66.B.125    Procedure for the conversion of licences including group ratings

(a) Individual aircraft type ratings already endorsed on the aircraft maintenance licence referred to in point 4 of Article 5 shall remain on the licence and shall not be converted to new ratings unless the licence holder fully meets the requirements for endorsement defined in point 66.A.45 of this Annex (Part-66) for the corresponding group/sub-group ratings.

(b) The conversion shall be performed in accordance with the following conversion table:

1. for category B1 or C:

 helicopter piston engine, full group: converted to ‘full sub-group 2c’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single piston engine helicopters which are in group 1,

 helicopter piston engine, manufacturer group: converted to the corresponding ‘manufacturer sub-group 2c’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single piston engine helicopters of that manufacturer which are in group 1,

 helicopter turbine engine, full group: converted to ‘full sub-group 2b’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single turbine engine helicopters which are in group 1,

 helicopter turbine engine, manufacturer group: converted to the corresponding ‘manufacturer sub-group 2b’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single turbine engine helicopters of that manufacturer which are in group 1,

 aeroplane single piston engine — metal structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: composite structure aeroplanes, wooden structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane multiple piston engines — metal structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: composite structure aeroplanes, wooden structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane single piston engine — wooden structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: metal structure aeroplanes, composite structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane multiple piston engine — wooden structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: metal structure aeroplanes, composite structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane single piston engine — composite structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: metal structure aeroplanes, wooden structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane multiple piston engine — composite structure, either full group or manufacturer group: converted to ‘full group 3’. For the B1 licence the following limitations shall be included: metal structure aeroplanes, wooden structure aeroplanes and metal tubing and fabric aeroplanes,

 aeroplane turbine — single engine, full group: converted to ‘full sub-group 2a’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single turboprop aeroplanes which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1,

 aeroplane turbine — single engine, manufacturer group: converted to the corresponding ‘manufacturer sub-group 2a’ plus the aircraft type ratings for those single turboprop aeroplanes of that manufacturer which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1,

 aeroplane turbine — multiple engine, full group: converted to the aircraft type ratings for those multiple turboprop aeroplanes which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system;

2. for category B2:

 aeroplane: converted to ‘full sub-group 2a’ and ‘full group 3’, plus the aircraft type ratings for those aeroplanes which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1,

 helicopter: converted to ‘full sub-groups 2b and 2c’, plus the aircraft type ratings for those helicopters which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1;

3. for category C:

 aeroplane: converted to ‘full sub-group 2a’ and ‘full group 3’, plus the aircraft type ratings for those aeroplanes which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1,

 helicopter: converted to ‘full sub-groups 2b and 2c’, plus the aircraft type ratings for those helicopters which did not require an aircraft type rating in the previous system and are in group 1.

(c) If the licence was subject to limitations following the conversion process referred to in point 66.A.70, these limitations shall remain on the licence, unless they are removed under the conditions defined in the relevant conversion report referred to in point 66.B.300.

66.B.130    Procedure for the direct approval of aircraft type training

The competent authority may approve aircraft type training not conducted by a maintenance training organisation approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147), pursuant to point 1 of Appendix III to this Annex (part-66). In such case the competent authority shall have a procedure to ensure the aircraft type training complies with Appendix III of this Annex (Part-66).

SUBPART C

EXAMINATIONS

This Subpart provides the procedures to be followed for the examinations conducted by the competent authority.

66.B.200    Examination by the competent authority

(a) All examination questions shall be kept in a secure manner prior to an examination, to ensure that candidates will not know which particular questions will form the basis of the examination.

(b) The competent authority shall nominate:

1. persons who control the questions to be used for each examination;

2. examiners who shall be present during all examinations to ensure the integrity of the examination.

(c) Basic examinations shall follow the standard specified in Appendix I and II to this Annex (Part-66).

(d) Type training examinations and type examinations shall follow the standard specified in Appendix III to this Annex (Part-66).

(e) New essay questions shall be raised at least every 6 months and questions already used withdrawn or rested from use. A record of the questions used shall be retained in the records for reference.

(f) All examination papers shall be handed out at the start of the examination to the candidate and handed back to the examiner at the end of the allotted examination time period. No examination paper may be removed from the examination room during the allotted examination time period.

(g) Apart from specific documentation needed for type examinations, only the examination paper may be available to the candidate during the examination.

(h) Examination candidates shall be separated from each other so that they cannot read each other's examination papers. They may not speak to any person other than the examiner.

(i) Candidates who are proven to be cheating shall be banned from taking any further examination within 12 months of the date of the examination in which they were found cheating.

SUBPART D

CONVERSION OF CERTIFYING STAFF QUALIFICATIONS

This Subpart provides the procedures for the conversion of certifying staff qualifications referred to in point 66.A.70 to aircraft maintenance licences.

66.B.300    General

(a) The competent authority may only convert qualifications (i) obtained in the Member State for which it is competent, without prejudice to bilateral agreements and (ii) valid prior to the entry into force of the applicable requirements of this Annex (Part-66).

(b) The competent authority may only perform the conversion in accordance with a conversion report established pursuant to points 66.B.305 or 66.B.310, as applicable.

(c) Conversion reports shall be either (i) developed by the competent authority or (ii) approved by the competent authority to ensure compliance with this Annex (Part-66).

(d) Conversion reports together with any change of these shall be kept on record by the competent authority in accordance with point 66.B.20.

66.B.305    Conversion report for national qualifications

(a) The conversion report for national certifying staff qualifications shall describe the scope of each type of qualification, including the associated national licence, if any, the associated privileges and include a copy of the relevant national regulations defining these.

(b) The conversion report shall show for each type of qualification referred to in point (a):

1. to which aircraft maintenance licence it will be converted; and

2. which limitations shall be added in accordance with points 66.A.70(c) or (d), as applicable; and

3. the conditions to remove the limitations, specifying the module/subjects on which examination is needed to remove the limitations and obtain a full aircraft maintenance licence, or to include an additional (sub-) category. This shall include the modules defined in Appendix III to this Annex (Part-66) not covered by the national qualification.

66.B.310    Conversion report for approved maintenance organisations authorisations

(a) For each approved maintenance organisation concerned, the conversion report shall describe the scope of each type of authorisation issued by the maintenance organisation and include a copy of the relevant approved maintenance organisation's procedures for the qualification and the authorisation of certifying staff on which the conversion process is based.

(b) The conversion report shall show for each type of authorisation referred to in point (a):

1. to which aircraft maintenance licence it will be converted, and

2. which limitations shall be added in accordance with points 66.A.70(c) or (d), as applicable, and

3. the conditions to remove the limitations, specifying the module/subjects on which examination is needed to remove the limitations and obtain a full aircraft maintenance licence, or to include an additional (sub-) category. This shall include the modules defined in Appendix III to this Annex (Part-66) not covered by the national qualification.

SUBPART E

EXAMINATION CREDITS

This Subpart provides the procedures for granting examination credits referred to in point 66.A.25(c).

66.B.400    General

(a) The competent authority may only grant credit on the basis of a credit report prepared in accordance with point 66.B.405.

(b) The credit report shall be either (i) developed by the competent authority or (ii) approved by the competent authority to ensure compliance with this Annex (Part-66).

(c) Credit reports together with any change of these shall be dated and kept on record by the competent authority in accordance with point 66.B.20.

66.B.405    Examination credit report

(a) The credit report shall include a comparison between:

(i) the modules, sub-modules, subjects and knowledge levels contained in Appendix I to this Annex (Part-66), as applicable; and

(ii) the syllabus of the technical qualification concerned relevant to the particular category being sought.

This comparison shall state if compliance is demonstrated and contain the justifications for each statement.

(b) Credit for examinations, other than basic knowledge examinations carried out in maintenance training organisations approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147), can only be granted by the competent authority of the Member State in which the qualification has been obtained, without prejudice to bilateral agreements.

(c) No credit can be granted unless there is a statement of compliance against each module and sub-module, stating where, in the technical qualification, the equivalent standard can be found.

(d) The competent authority shall check on a regular basis whether (i) the national qualification standard or (ii) Appendix I to this Annex (Part-66) have changed and assess if changes to the credit report are consequently required. Such changes shall be documented, dated and recorded.

66.B.410    Examination credit validity

(a) The competent authority shall notify to the applicant in writing any credits granted together with the reference to the credit report used.

(b) Credits shall expire 10 years after they are granted.

(c) Upon expiration of the credits, the applicant may apply for new credits. The competent authority shall continue the validity of the credits for an additional period of 10 years without further consideration if basic knowledge requirements defined in Appendix I to this Annex (Part-66) have not been changed.

SUBPART F

CONTINUING OVERSIGHT

This Subpart describes the procedures for the continuing oversight of the aircraft maintenance licence and in particular for the revocation, suspension or limitation of the aircraft maintenance licence.

66.B.500    Revocation, suspension or limitation of the aircraft maintenance licence

The competent authority shall suspend, limit or revoke the aircraft maintenance licence where it has identified a safety issue or if it has clear evidence that the person has carried out or been involved in one or more of the following activities:

1. obtaining the aircraft maintenance licence and/or the certification privileges by falsification of documentary evidence;

2. failing to carry out requested maintenance combined with failure to report such fact to the organisation or person who requested the maintenance;

3. failing to carry out required maintenance resulting from own inspection combined with failure to report such fact to the organisation or person for whom the maintenance was intended to be carried out;

4. negligent maintenance;

5. falsification of the maintenance record;

6. issuing a certificate of release to service knowing that the maintenance specified on the certificate of release to service has not been carried out or without verifying that such maintenance has been carried out;

7. carrying out maintenance or issuing a certificate of release to service when adversely affected by alcohol or drugs;

8. issuing certificate of release to service while not in compliance with Annex I (Part-M), Annex II (Part-145) or Annex III (Part-66).




Appendix I

Basic Knowledge Requirements

1.    Knowledge levels for Category A, B1, B2, B3 and C Aircraft Maintenance Licence

Basic knowledge for categories A, B1, B2 and B3 are indicated by knowledge levels (1, 2 or 3) against each applicable subject. Category C applicants shall meet either the category B1 or the category B2 basic knowledge levels.

The knowledge level indicators are defined on 3 levels as follows:

  LEVEL 1: A familiarisation with the principal elements of the subject.

 Objectives:

 

(a) The applicant should be familiar with the basic elements of the subject.

(b) The applicant should be able to give a simple description of the whole subject, using common words and examples.

(c) The applicant should be able to use typical terms.

  LEVEL 2: A general knowledge of the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject and an ability to apply that knowledge.

 Objectives:

 

(a) The applicant should be able to understand the theoretical fundamentals of the subject.

(b) The applicant should be able to give a general description of the subject using, as appropriate, typical examples.

(c) The applicant should be able to use mathematical formulae in conjunction with physical laws describing the subject.

(d) The applicant should be able to read and understand sketches, drawings and schematics describing the subject.

(e) The applicant should be able to apply his knowledge in a practical manner using detailed procedures.

  LEVEL 3: A detailed knowledge of the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject and a capacity to combine and apply the separate elements of knowledge in a logical and comprehensive manner.

 Objectives:

 

(a) The applicant should know the theory of the subject and interrelationships with other subjects.

(b) The applicant should be able to give a detailed description of the subject using theoretical fundamentals and specific examples.

(c) The applicant should understand and be able to use mathematical formulae related to the subject.

(d) The applicant should be able to read, understand and prepare sketches, simple drawings and schematics describing the subject.

(e) The applicant should be able to apply his knowledge in a practical manner using manufacturer's instructions.

(f) The applicant should be able to interpret results from various sources and measurements and apply corrective action where appropriate.

2.    Modularisation

Qualification on basic subjects for each aircraft maintenance licence category or subcategory should be in accordance with the following matrix, where applicable subjects are indicated by an ‘X’:



Subject module

A or B1 aeroplane with:

A or B1 helicopter with:

B2

B3

Turbine engine(s)

Piston engine(s)

Turbine engine(s)

Piston engine(s)

Avionics

Piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes 2 000 kg MTOM and below

1

X

X

X

X

X

X

2

X

X

X

X

X

X

3

X

X

X

X

X

X

4

X

X

X

X

X

X

5

X

X

X

X

X

X

6

X

X

X

X

X

X

7A

X

X

X

X

X

 

7B

 

 

 

 

 

X

8

X

X

X

X

X

X

9A

X

X

X

X

X

 

9B

 

 

 

 

 

X

10

X

X

X

X

X

X

11A

X

 

 

 

 

 

11B

 

X

 

 

 

 

11C

 

 

 

 

 

X

12

 

 

X

X

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

X

 

14

 

 

 

 

X

 

15

X

 

X

 

 

 

16

 

X

 

X

 

X

17A

X

X

 

 

 

 

17B

 

 

 

 

 

X

MODULE 1.   MATHEMATICS



 

LEVEL

A

B1

B2

B3

1.1  Arithmetic

1

2

2

2

Arithmetical terms and signs, methods of multiplication and division, fractions and decimals, factors and multiples, weights, measures and conversion factors, ratio and proportion, averages and percentages, areas and volumes, squares, cubes, square and cube roots.

 

 

 

 

1.2  Algebra

 

 

 

 

(a)  Evaluating simple algebraic expressions, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, use of brackets, simple algebraic fractions;

1

2

2

2

(b)  Linear equations and their solutions;

Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices;

Binary and other applicable numbering systems;

Simultaneous equations and second degree equations with one unknown;

Logarithms.

1

1

1

1.3  Geometry

 

 

 

 

(a)  Simple geometrical constructions;

1

1

1

(b)  Graphical representation; nature and uses of graphs, graphs of equations/functions;

2

2

2

2

(c)  Simple trigonometry; trigonometrical relationships, use of tables and rectangular and polar coordinates.

2

2

2

MODULE 2.   PHYSICS



 

LEVEL

A

B1

B2

B3

2.1  Matter

1

1

1

1

Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;

 

 

 

 

Chemical compounds;

 

 

 

 

States: solid, liquid and gaseous;

 

 

 

 

Changes between states.

 

 

 

 

2.2  Mechanics