Help Print this page 

Document 32015R1861

Title and reference
Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1861 of 18 October 2015 amending Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 concerning restrictive measures against Iran

OJ L 274, 18.10.2015, p. 1–160 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2015/1861/oj
Languages, formats and link to OJ
BG ES CS DA DE ET EL EN FR GA HR IT LV LT HU MT NL PL PT RO SK SL FI SV
HTML html BG html ES html CS html DA html DE html ET html EL html EN html FR html HR html IT html LV html LT html HU html MT html NL html PL html PT html RO html SK html SL html FI html SV
PDF pdf BG pdf ES pdf CS pdf DA pdf DE pdf ET pdf EL pdf EN pdf FR pdf HR pdf IT pdf LV pdf LT pdf HU pdf MT pdf NL pdf PL pdf PT pdf RO pdf SK pdf SL pdf FI pdf SV
Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal Display Official Journal
 To see if this document has been published in an e-OJ with legal value, click on the icon above (For OJs published before 1st July 2013, only the paper version has legal value).
Multilingual display
Text

18.10.2015   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 274/1


COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2015/1861

of 18 October 2015

amending Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 concerning restrictive measures against Iran

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 215 thereof,

Having regard to Council Decision 2010/413/CFSP of 26 July 2010 concerning restrictive measures against Iran and repealing Common Position 2007/140/CFSP (1),

Having regard to the joint proposal of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and of the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)

Council Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 (2) gives effect to the measures provided for in Decision 2010/413/CFSP.

(2)

On 18 October 2015, the Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2015/1863 (3) amending Decision 2010/413/CFSP, providing for certain measures in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2231 (2015) endorsing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of 14 July 2015 (‘JCPOA’) on the Iran nuclear issue and providing for actions to take place in accordance with the JCPOA.

(3)

UNSCR 2231 (2015) determines that upon verification by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) of the implementation of Iran's nuclear-related commitments as set out in the JCPOA, the provisions of UNSCRs 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008), 1929 (2010) and 2224 (2015) are to be terminated.

(4)

UNSCR 2231 (2015) further determines that States are to comply with the relevant provisions contained in Annex B to UNSCR 2231 (2015) aimed at promoting transparency and creating an atmosphere conducive to the full implementation of the JCPOA.

(5)

In accordance with the JCPOA, Decision (CFSP) 2015/1863 provides for the termination of all Union nuclear-related economic and financial restrictive measures simultaneously with the IAEA-verified implementation by Iran of the agreed nuclear-related measures. Furthermore, Decision (CFSP) 2015/1863 introduces an authorisation regime for reviewing and deciding on nuclear-related transfers to, or activities with, Iran not covered by UNSCR 2231 (2015) in full consistency with the JCPOA.

(6)

The commitment to lift all Union nuclear-related restrictive measures in accordance with the JCPOA is without prejudice to the dispute-resolution mechanism specified in the JCPOA and to the reintroduction of Union restrictive measures in the event of significant non-performance by Iran of its commitments under the JCPOA.

(7)

In case of reintroduction of Union restrictive measures, adequate protection for the execution of contracts concluded in accordance with the JCPOA while sanctions relief was in force will be provided consistent with previous provisions when sanctions were originally imposed.

(8)

The power to amend the lists in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII and XIV to Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 should be exercised by the Council, in view of the specific threat to international peace and security posed by Iran's nuclear programme, and to ensure consistency with the process for amending and reviewing Annexes I, II, III and IV to Decision 2010/413/CFSP.

(9)

Regulatory action at the level of the Union is necessary in order to implement the measures, in particular with a view to ensuring their uniform application by economic operators in all Member States.

(10)

Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 should therefore be amended accordingly,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 is amended as follows:

(1)

In Article 1, point (t) is deleted and the following point is added:

‘(u)

“Joint Commission” means a joint commission consisting of representatives of Iran and of China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States with the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (“High Representative”), that will be established to monitor the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of 14 July 2015 (“JCPOA”) and will carry out the functions provided for in the JCPOA, in accordance with point ix of the JCPOA's “Preamble and General Provisions” and Annex IV to the JCPOA.’.

(2)

Articles 2, 3 and 4 are deleted.

(3)

The following Articles are inserted:

‘Article 2a

1.   A prior authorisation shall be required:

(a)

for the sale, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, of the goods and technology listed in Annex I, whether or not originating in the Union, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran;

(b)

for the provision of technical assistance or brokering services related to goods and technology listed in Annex I or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of goods and technology included in Annex I, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(c)

for the provision of financing or financial assistance related to goods and technology listed Annex I, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(d)

before entering into any arrangement with an Iranian person, entity or body, or any person or entity acting on their behalf or at their direction, including the acceptance of loans or credit made by such person, entity or body, that would enable such person, entity or body to participate in or increase its participation, be that independently or as part of a joint venture or other partnership, in commercial activities involving the following:

(i)

uranium mining,

(ii)

production or use of nuclear materials as listed in Part 1 of the Nuclear Suppliers Group list.

This shall include the making of loans or credit to such a person, entity or body;

(e)

for the purchase, import or transport from Iran of goods and technology listed in Annex I, whether or not originating in Iran.

2.   Annex I shall list the items, including goods, technology and software, contained in the Nuclear Suppliers Group list.

3.   The Member State concerned shall submit the proposed authorisation under points (a) to (d) of paragraph 1 to the UN Security Council for approval on a case-by-case basis and shall not grant the authorisation until that approval has been received.

4.   The Member State concerned shall also submit the proposed authorisations of activities referred to in points (a) to (d) of paragraph 1 to the UN Security Council for approval on a case-by-case basis if the activities are related to any further goods and technology that, based on the determination by that Member State, could contribute to reprocessing- or enrichment-related or heavy water-related activities inconsistent with the JCPOA. The Member State shall not grant the authorisation until that approval has been received.

5.   The competent authority concerned shall not grant the authorisation under point (e) of paragraph 1 until it has been approved by the Joint Commission.

6.   The Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative of authorisations granted under paragraphs (1) and (5), or any refusal by the UN Security Council to approve an authorisation in accordance with paragraphs (3) or (4).

Article 2b

1.   Article 2a(3) and (4) do not apply in relation to proposed authorisations for the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of equipment referred to in paragraph 2(c), subparagraph 1 of Annex B to UNSCR 2231 (2015) for light water reactors.

2.   The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative, within four weeks, of authorisations granted under this Article.

Article 2c

1.   The competent authorities granting an authorisation in accordance with Article 2a(1)(a) and Article 2b shall ensure the following:

(a)

the requirements, as appropriate, of the Guidelines as set out in the Nuclear Suppliers Group list have been met;

(b)

the rights to verify the end-use and end-use location of any supplied item have been obtained from Iran and can be exercised effectively;

(c)

the notification of the UN Security Council within ten days of the supply, sale or transfer; and

(d)

in the case of supplied goods and technology referred to in Annex I, the notification of the IAEA within ten days of the supply, sale or transfer.

2.   For all exports for which an authorisation is required under Article 2a(1)(a), such authorisation shall be granted by the competent authorities of the Member State where the exporter is established. The authorisation shall be valid throughout the Union.

3.   Exporters shall supply the competent authorities with all relevant information, as set out in Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 and as specified by each competent authority, required for their application for an export authorisation.

Article 2d

1.   Article 2a(3) and (4) do not apply in relation to proposed authorisations for the supply, sale, or transfer of items, materials, equipment, goods and technology, and the provision of any related technical assistance, training, financial assistance, investment, brokering or other services where the competent authorities consider them to be directly related to the following:

(a)

the necessary modification of two cascades at the Fordow facility for stable isotope production;

(b)

the export of Iran's enriched uranium in excess of 300 kilograms in return for natural uranium; or

(c)

the modernisation of the Arak reactor based on the agreed conceptual design and, subsequently, on the agreed final design of such reactor.

2.   The competent authority granting an authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1 shall ensure the following:

(a)

all activities are undertaken strictly in accordance with the JCPOA;

(b)

the requirements, as appropriate, of the Guidelines as set out in the Nuclear Suppliers Group list have been met;

(c)

rights to verify the end-use and end-use location of any supplied item have been obtained from Iran and can be exercised effectively.

3.   The Member State concerned shall notify:

(a)

the UN Security Council and the Joint Commission ten days in advance of such activities;

(b)

the IAEA within ten days of the supply, sale or transfer, in case of supplied items, materials, equipment, goods and technology included in the Nuclear Suppliers Group list.

4.   The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative, within four weeks, of authorisations granted under this Article.’.

(4)

The following Articles are inserted:

‘Article 3a

1.   A prior authorisation shall be required, on a case-by-case basis:

(a)

for the sale, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, of the goods and technology listed in Annex II, whether or not originating in the Union, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran;

(b)

for the provision of technical assistance or brokering services related to goods and technology listed in Annex II or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of goods included in Annex II, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(c)

for the provision of financing or financial assistance related to goods and technology listed Annex II, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(d)

before entering into any arrangement with an Iranian person, entity or body, or any person or entity acting on their behalf or at their direction, including the acceptance of loans or credit made by such person, entity or body, that would enable such person, entity or body to participate in or increase its participation, be that independently or as part of a joint venture or other partnership, in commercial activities involving technologies listed in Annex II.;

(e)

for the purchase, import or transport from Iran of goods and technology listed in Annex II, whether or not originating in Iran.

2.   Annex II shall list the goods and technology, other than those included in Annexes I and III, that could contribute to reprocessing- or enrichment-related or heavy water-related or other activities inconsistent with the JCPOA.

3.   Exporters shall supply the competent authorities with all relevant information required for their application for an authorisation.

4.   The competent authorities shall not grant any authorisation for the transactions referred to in paragraph 1(a) to (e), if they have reasonable grounds to determine that the actions concerned would contribute to reprocessing- or enrichment-related, heavy water-related or other nuclear related activities inconsistent with the JCPOA.

5.   The competent authorities shall exchange information on requests for authorisation received under this Article. The system referred to in Article 19(4) of Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 shall be used for this purpose.

6.   The competent authority granting an authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1(a) shall ensure that rights to verify the end-use and end-use location of any supplied item have been obtained from Iran and can be exercised effectively.

7.   The Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative of its intention to grant an authorisation under this Article at least ten days prior to the authorisation.

Article 3b

1.   For all exports for which an authorisation is required under Article 3a, such authorisation shall be granted by the competent authorities of the Member State where the exporter is established and shall be in accordance with the detailed rules laid down in Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 428/2009. The authorisation shall be valid throughout the Union.

2.   Under the conditions set out in Article 3a(4) and (5), the competent authorities may annul, suspend, modify or revoke an export authorisation which they have granted.

3.   Where a competent authority refuses to grant an authorisation, or annuls, suspends, substantively modifies or revokes an authorisation in accordance with Article 3a(4), the Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof and share the relevant information with them, while complying with the provisions concerning the confidentiality of such information of Council Regulation (EC) No 515/97 (4).

4.   Before a competent authority of a Member State grants an authorisation in accordance with Article 3a for a transaction which is essentially identical to a transaction which is the subject of a still valid denial issued by another Member State or by other Member States under Article 3a(4), it shall first consult the Member State or Member States which issued the denial. If, following such consultations, the Member State concerned decides to grant an authorisation, it shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof, providing all relevant information to explain the decision.

Article 3c

1.   Article 3a does not apply in relation to proposed authorisations for the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of goods and technology listed in Annex II for light water reactors.

2.   The competent authority granting an authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1 shall ensure that rights to verify the end-use and end-use location of any supplied item have been obtained from Iran and can be exercised effectively.

3.   The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative, within four weeks, of authorisations granted under this Article.

Article 3d

1.   Article 3a does not apply in relation to proposed authorisations for the supply, sale, or transfer of items, materials, equipment, goods and technology, and the provision of any related technical assistance, training, financial assistance, investment, brokering or other services where the competent authorities consider them to be directly related to the following:

(a)

the necessary modification of two cascades at the Fordow facility for stable isotope production;

(b)

the export of Iran's enriched uranium in excess of 300 kilograms in return for natural uranium; or

(c)

the modernisation of the Arak reactor based on the agreed conceptual design and, subsequently, on the agreed final design of such reactor.

2.   The competent authority granting an authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1 shall ensure the following:

(a)

all activities are undertaken strictly in accordance with the JCPOA;

(b)

rights to verify the end-use and end-use location of any supplied item have been obtained from Iran and can be exercised effectively.

3.   The Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States and the Commission of its intention to grant an authorisation under this Article at least ten days prior to the authorisation.

(4)  Council Regulation (EC) No 515/97 of 13 March 1997 on mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and cooperation between the latter and the Commission to ensure the correct application of the law on customs and agricultural matters (OJ L 82, 22.3.1997, p. 1).’."

(5)

The following Articles are inserted:

‘Article 4a

1.   It shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, the goods and technology listed in Annex III or any other item that the Member State determines could contribute to the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems, whether or not originating in the Union, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran.

2.   Annex III shall list the items, including goods and technology, contained in the Missile Technology Control Regime list.

Article 4b

It shall be prohibited:

(a)

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance or brokering services related to the goods and technology listed in Annex III, or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of goods listed in Annex III, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran;

(b)

to provide financing or financial assistance related to the goods and technology listed in Annex III, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(c)

to enter into any arrangement with an Iranian person, entity or body, or any person or entity acting on their behalf or at their direction, including the acceptance of loans or credit made by such person, entity or body, that would enable such person, entity or body to participate in or increase its participation, be that independently or as part of a joint venture or other partnership, in commercial activities involving technologies listed in Annex III.

Article 4c

It shall be prohibited to purchase, import or transport from Iran, directly or indirectly, the goods and technology listed in Annex III whether the item concerned originates in Iran or not.’.

(6)

Article 5 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 5

It shall be prohibited:

(a)

to provide technical assistance, brokering services and other services related to the goods and technology listed in the Common Military List of the European Union (“Common Military List”), and to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of goods and technology on that list, directly or indirectly to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran;

(b)

to provide financing or financial assistance related to the goods and technology listed in the Common Military List, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services, directly or indirectly, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran.

(c)

to enter into any arrangement for the participation or increase in participation in any Iranian person, entity or body engaged in the manufacture of goods or technology listed in the Common Military List, be that independently or as part of a joint venture or other partnership. This shall include the making of loans or credit to such a person, entity or body.’.

(7)

Articles 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 10a, 10b, and 10c are deleted.

(8)

Article 10d is replaced by the following:

‘Article 10d

1.   A prior authorisation shall be required for:

(a)

the sale, supply, transfer or export of the software listed in Annex VIIA, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran.

(b)

the provision of technical assistance or brokering services related to the software listed in Annex VIIA or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of such items, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(c)

the provision of financing or financial assistance related to the software listed in Annex VIIA, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran.

2.   The competent authorities shall not grant any authorisation under this Article if:

(a)

they have reasonable grounds to determine that the sale, supply, transfer or export of the software is or may be intended for use in connection with the following:

(i)

reprocessing- or enrichment-related, heavy water-related, or other nuclear-related activities inconsistent with the JCPOA;

(ii)

Iran's military or ballistic missile programme; or

(iii)

the direct or indirect benefit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps;

(b)

contracts for delivery of such items or assistance do not include appropriate end-user guarantees.

3.   The Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States and the Commission of its intention to grant an authorisation under this Article at least ten days prior to granting the authorisation.

4.   Where a competent authority refuses to grant an authorisation, or annuls, suspends, substantively modifies or revokes an authorisation in accordance with this Article, the Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof and share the relevant information with them.

5.   Before a competent authority of a Member State grants an authorisation in accordance with this Article for a transaction which is essentially identical to a transaction which is the subject of a still valid denial issued by another Member State or by other Member States, it shall first consult the Member State or Member States which issued the denial. If, following such consultations, the Member State concerned decides to grant an authorisation, it shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof, providing all relevant information to explain the decision.’.

(9)

Articles 10e, 10f, 11, 12, 13, 14, 14a and 15 are deleted.

(10)

Article 15a is replaced by the following:

‘Article 15a

1.   A prior authorisation shall be required for:

(a)

the sale, supply, transfer or export of graphite and raw or semi-finished metals as listed in Annex VIIB, to any Iranian person, entity or body or for use in Iran;

(b)

the provision of technical assistance or brokering services related to graphite and raw or semi-finished metals listed in Annex VIIB or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of such items, to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran;

(c)

the provision of financing or financial assistance related to graphite and raw or semi-finished metals listed in Annex VIIB, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance or brokering services to any Iranian person, entity or body, or for use in Iran.

2.   The competent authorities shall not grant any authorisation under this Article if:

(a)

they have reasonable grounds to determine that the sale, supply, transfer or export of the graphite and raw or semi-finished metals is or may be intended for use in connection with the following:

(i)

reprocessing- or enrichment-related, heavy water-related, or other nuclear related activities inconsistent with the JCPOA;

(ii)

Iran's military or ballistic missile programme; or

(iii)

the direct or indirect benefit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps;

(b)

contracts for delivery of such items or assistance do not include appropriate end-user guarantees.

3.   The Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States and the Commission of its intention to grant an authorisation under this Article at least ten days prior to granting the authorisation.

4.   Where a competent authority refuses to grant an authorisation, or annuls, suspends, substantively modifies or revokes an authorisation in accordance with this Article, the Member State concerned shall notify the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof and share the relevant information with them.

5.   Before a competent authority of a Member State grants an authorisation in accordance with this Article for a transaction which is essentially identical to a transaction which is the subject of a still valid denial issued by another Member State or by other Member States, it shall first consult the Member State or Member States which issued the denial. If, following such consultations, the Member State concerned decides to grant an authorisation, it shall inform the other Member States, the Commission and the High Representative thereof, providing all relevant information to explain the decision.

6.   The provisions in paragraphs 1 to 3 shall not apply in relation to the goods listed in Annexes I, II and III or in relation to Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009.’.

(11)

Articles 15b, 15c, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 are deleted.

(12)

Article 23(4) is replaced by the following:

‘4.   Without prejudice to the derogations provided for in Articles 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28a, 28b and 29, it shall be prohibited to supply specialised financial messaging services, which are used to exchange financial data, to the natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annexes VIII and IX.’.

(13)

The following Article is added:

‘Article 23a

1.   All funds and economic resources belonging to, owned, held or controlled by the persons, entities and bodies listed in Annex XIII shall be frozen. Annex XIII includes the natural and legal persons, entities and bodies designated by the UN Security Council in accordance with paragraph 6(c) of Annex B to UNSCR 2231 (2015).

2.   All funds and economic resources belonging to, owned, held or controlled by the persons, entities and bodies listed in Annex XIV shall be frozen. Annex XIV shall include the natural and legal persons, entities and bodies who, in accordance with Article 20(1)(e) of Council Decision 2010/413/CFSP, have been identified as:

(a)

being engaged in, directly associated with, or provided support for, Iran's proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities undertaken contrary to Iran's commitments in the JCPOA or the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems by Iran, including through the involvement in procurement of prohibited items, goods, equipment, materials and technology specified in the statement set out in Annex B to UNSCR 2231 (2015), Decision 2010/413/CFSP or the Annexes to this Regulation;

(b)

assisting designated persons or entities in evading or acting inconsistently with the JCPOA, UNSCR 2231 (2015), Decision 2010/413/CFSP or this Regulation;

(c)

acting on behalf or at the direction of designated persons or entities; or

(d)

being a legal person, entity or body owned or controlled by designated persons or entities.

3.   No funds or economic resources shall be made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of the natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annexes XIII and XIV.

4.   Without prejudice to the derogations provided for in Articles 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28a, 28b or 29, it shall be prohibited to supply specialised financial messaging services, which are used to exchange financial data, to the natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annexes XIII and XIV.

5.   Annexes XIII and XIV shall include the grounds for listing of listed natural or legal persons, entities or bodies.

6.   Annexes XIII and XIV shall also include, where available, the information necessary to identify the natural or legal persons, entities or bodies concerned. With regard to natural persons, such information may include names, including aliases, date and place of birth, nationality, passport and identity card numbers, gender, address if known, and function or profession. With regard to legal persons, entities or bodies, such information may include names, place and date of registration, registration number and place of business. Annexes XIII and XIV shall also include the date of designation.’.

(14)

Articles 24 to 29 are replaced by the following:

‘Article 24

By way of derogation from Article 23 or Article 23a, the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a)

the funds or economic resources are the subject of a judicial, administrative or arbitral lien established before the date on which the person, entity or body referred to in Article 23 or Article 23a has been designated by the Sanctions Committee, the UN Security Council or the Council or of a judicial, administrative or arbitral judgment rendered prior to that date;

(b)

the funds or economic resources will be used exclusively to satisfy claims secured by such a lien or recognised as valid in such a judgment, within the limits set by applicable laws and regulations governing the rights of persons having such claims;

(c)

the lien or judgment is not for the benefit of a person, entity or body listed in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII or XIV;

(d)

recognising the lien or judgment is not contrary to public policy in the Member State concerned; and

(e)

where Article 23(1) or Article 23a(1) applies, the UN Security Council has been notified by the Member State of the lien or judgment.

Article 25

By way of derogation from Article 23 or Article 23a and provided that a payment by a person, entity or body listed in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII or XIV is due under a contract or agreement that was concluded by, or an obligation that arose for the person, entity or body concerned, before the date on which that person, entity or body had been designated by the Sanctions Committee, the UN Security Council or by the Council, the competent authorities may authorise, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a)

the competent authority concerned has determined that:

(i)

the funds or economic resources shall be used for a payment by a person, entity or body listed in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII or XIV;

(ii)

the payment will not contribute to an activity prohibited under this Regulation. If the payment serves as consideration for a trade activity that has already been performed and the competent authority of another Member State had given prior confirmation that the activity was not prohibited at the time it was performed, it shall be deemed, prima facie, that the payment will not contribute to a prohibited activity; and

(iii)

the payment is not in breach of Article 23(3) or Article 23a(3); and

(b)

where Article 23(1) or Article 23a(1) applies, the Member State concerned has notified the UN Security Council of that determination and its intention to grant an authorisation, and the UN Security Council has not objected to that course of action within ten working days of notification.

Article 26

By way of derogation from Article 23 or Article 23a, the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a)

the competent authority concerned has determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are:

(i)

necessary to satisfy the basic needs of natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII or XIV and their dependent family members of such natural persons, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(ii)

intended exclusively for payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services; or

(iii)

intended exclusively for payment of fees or service charges for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources.

(b)

where the authorisation concerns a person, entity or body listed in Annex XIII, the Member State concerned has notified the UN Security Council of the determination referred to in point (a) and its intention to grant an authorisation, and the UN Security Council has not objected to that course of action within five working days of notification.

Article 27

By way of derogation from Article 23(2) and (3) or Article 23a(2) and (3), the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, after having determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are to be paid into or from an account of a diplomatic mission or consular post or an international organisation enjoying immunities in accordance with international law, insofar as such payments are intended to be used for official purposes of the diplomatic mission or consular post or international organisation.

Article 28

By way of derogation from Article 23 or Article 23a, the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, after having determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are necessary for extraordinary expenses provided that, where the authorisation concerns a person, entity or body listed in Annex XIII, the UN Security Council has been notified of that determination by the Member State concerned and the determination has been approved by the UN Security Council.

Article 28a

By way of derogation from Article 23(2) and (3) or Article 23a(2) and (3), the competent authorities may authorise, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, after having determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are necessary for activities directly related to equipment referred to in paragraph 2(c), subparagraph 1 of Annex B to UNSCR 2231 (2015) for light water reactors.

Article 28b

By way of derogation from Article 23 or Article 23a, the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a)

the competent authority concerned has determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are:

(i)

necessary for the civil nuclear cooperation projects described in Annex III of the JCPOA;

(ii)

necessary for activities directly related to the items specified in Articles 2a and 3a, or to any other activity required for the implementation of the JCPOA; and

(b)

where the authorisation concerns a person, entity or body listed in Annex XIII, the UN Security Council has been notified of that determination by the Member State concerned and the determination has been approved by the UN Security Council.

Article 29

1.   Article 23(3) or Article 23a(3) shall not prevent the crediting of the frozen accounts by financial or credit institutions that receive funds transferred by third parties to the account of a listed person, entity or body, provided that any additions to such accounts shall also be frozen. The financial or credit institution shall inform the competent authorities about such transactions without delay.

2.   Provided that any such interest or other earnings and payments are frozen in accordance with Article 23(1) or (2) or Article 23a(1) or (2), Article 23(3) or Article 23a(3) shall not apply to the addition to frozen accounts of:

(a)

interest or other earnings on those accounts; or

(b)

payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose before the date on which the person, entity or body referred to in Article 23 or Article 23a has been designated by the Sanctions Committee, the UN Security Council or by the Council.’.

(15)

Articles 30, 30a, 30b, 31, 33, 34 and 35 are deleted.

(16)

Articles 36 and 37 are replaced by the following:

‘Article 36

The person providing advance information as determined in the relevant provisions concerning summary declarations as well as customs declarations in Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 and in Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 shall also present any authorisations if required by this Regulation.

Article 37

1.   The provision of bunkering or ship supply services, or any other servicing of vessels, to vessels owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by an Iranian person, entity or body shall be prohibited where the providers of the service have information, including from the competent customs authorities on the basis of the advance information referred to in Article 36, that provides reasonable grounds to determine that the vessels carry goods covered by the Common Military List or goods whose supply, sale, transfer or export is prohibited under this Regulation, unless the provision of such services is necessary for humanitarian and safety purposes.

2.   The provision of engineering and maintenance services to cargo aircraft owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by an Iranian person, entity or body shall be prohibited, where the providers of the service have information, including from the competent customs authorities on the basis of the advance information referred to in Article 36, that provides reasonable grounds to determine that the cargo aircraft carry goods covered by the Common Military List or goods the supply, sale, transfer or export of which is prohibited under this Regulation, unless the provision of such services is necessary for humanitarian and safety purposes.

3.   The prohibitions in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall apply until the cargo has been inspected and, where necessary, seized or disposed of, as the case may be.

Any seizure and disposal may, in accordance with national legislation or the decision of a competent authority, be carried out at the expense of the importer or be recovered from any other person or entity responsible for the attempted illicit supply, sale, transfer or export.’.

(17)

Article 37a and 37b are deleted.

(18)

Point (a) of Article 38(1) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

designated persons, entities or bodies listed in Annexes VIII, IX, XIII and XIV’.

(19)

Article 39 is deleted.

(20)

Point (a) of Article 40(1) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

supply immediately any information which would facilitate compliance with this Regulation, such as information on accounts and amounts frozen in accordance with Article 23 or 23a, to the competent authorities of the Member States where they are resident or located, and shall transmit such information, directly or through the Member States, to the Commission;’.

(21)

Article 41 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 41

It shall be prohibited to participate, knowingly and intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is to circumvent the measures in Article 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 4a, 4b, 5, 10d, 15a, 23, 23a and 37 of this Regulation.’.

(22)

In Article 42, paragraph 3 is deleted.

(23)

Articles 43, 43a, 43b and 43c are deleted.

(24)

In Article 44(1), point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

in respect of funds frozen under Articles 23 and 23a and authorisations granted under Articles 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28a and 28b;’.

(25)

Article 45 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 45

The Commission shall amend Annexes I, II, III, VIIA, VIIB and X on the basis of information supplied by Member States.’.

(26)

Article 46 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 46

1.   Where the UN Security Council lists a natural or legal person, entity or body, the Council shall include such natural or legal person, entity or body in Annex VIII.

2.   Where the Council decides to subject a natural or legal person, entity or body to the measures referred to in Article 23(2) and (3), it shall amend Annex IX accordingly.

3.   Where the Council decides to subject a natural or legal person, entity or body to the measures referred to in Article 23a(2) and (3), it shall amend Annex XIV accordingly.

4.   The Council shall communicate its decision, including the grounds for listing, to the natural or legal person, entity or body referred to in paragraphs 1 to 3, either directly, if the address is known, or through the publication of a notice, providing such natural or legal person, entity or body with an opportunity to present observations.

5.   Where observations are submitted, or where substantial new evidence is presented, the Council shall review its decision and inform the natural or legal person, entity or body accordingly.

6.   Where the United Nations decides to delist a natural or legal person, entity or body, or to amend the identifying data of a listed natural or legal person, entity or body, the Council shall amend Annex VIII or XIII accordingly.

7.   The lists in Annexes IX and XIV shall be reviewed in regular intervals and at least every 12 months.’.

(27)

Annexes I, II and III are replaced by the text set out in Annex I to this Regulation.

(28)

Annexes IV, IVA, V, VI, VIA, VIB and VII are deleted.

(29)

Annexes VIIA and VIIB are replaced by the text set out in Annex II to this Regulation.

(30)

Annex X is replaced by the text set out in Annex III to this Regulation.

(31)

Annexes XI and XII are deleted.

(32)

Annexes XIII and XIV, as set out in Annex IV to this Regulation, are added.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the date following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from the date referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2 of Decision (CFSP) 2015/1863. The date of application shall be published on the same day in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 18 October 2015.

For the Council

The President

J. ASSELBORN


(1)  OJ L 195, 27.7.2010, p. 39.

(2)  Council Regulation (EU) No 267/2012 of 23 March 2012 concerning restrictive measures against Iran and repealing Regulation (EU) No 961/2010 (OJ L 88, 24.3.2012, p. 1).

(3)  Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1863 of 18 October 2015 amending Decision 2010/413/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Iran (see page 174 of this Official Journal).


ANNEX I

ANNEX I

List of the goods and technology referred to in Article 2a

This Annex comprises the following items listed in the Nuclear Suppliers Group list, as defined therein:

Note:

Any item whose specific technical characteristics or specifications fall within categories specified by both Annex I and Annex III shall be considered to fall within Annex III only

NSG Part I

ANNEX A

TRIGGER LIST REFERRED TO IN GUIDELINES

GENERAL NOTES

1.

The object of these controls should not be defeated by the transfer of component parts. Each government will take such actions as it can to achieve this aim and will continue to seek a workable definition for component parts, which could be used by all suppliers.

2.

With reference to Paragraph 9(b)(2) of the Guidelines, same type should be understood as when the design, construction or operating processes are based on the same or similar physical or chemical processes as those identified in the Trigger List.

3.

Suppliers recognize the close relationship for certain isotope separation processes between plants, equipment and technology for uranium enrichment and that for isotope separation of “other elements” for research, medical and other non-nuclear industrial purposes. In that regard, suppliers should carefully review their legal measures, including export licensing regulations and information/technology classification and security practices, for isotope separation activities involving “other elements” to ensure the implementation of appropriate protection measures as warranted. Suppliers recognize that, in particular cases, appropriate protection measures for isotope separation activities involving “other elements” will be essentially the same as those for uranium enrichment. (See Introductory Note in Section 5 of the Trigger List.) In accordance with Paragraph 17(a) of the Guidelines, suppliers shall consult with other suppliers as appropriate, in order to promote uniform policies and procedures in the transfer and protection of plants, equipment and technology involving isotope separation of “other elements”. Suppliers should also exercise appropriate caution in cases involving the application of equipment and technology, derived from uranium enrichment processes, for other non-nuclear uses such as in the chemical industry.

TECHNOLOGY CONTROLS

The transfer of “technology” directly associated with any item in the List will be subject to as great a degree of scrutiny and control as will the item itself, to the extent permitted by national legislation.

Controls on “technology” transfer do not apply to information “in the public domain” or to “basic scientific research”.

In addition to controls on “technology” transfer for nuclear non-proliferation reasons, suppliers should promote protection of this technology for the design, construction, and operation of trigger list facilities in consideration of the risk of terrorist attacks, and should stress to recipients the necessity of doing so.

SOFTWARE CONTROLS

The transfer of “software” directly associated with any item in the List will be subject to as great a degree of scrutiny and controls as will the item itself, to the extent permitted by national legislation.

Controls on “software” transfer do not apply to information in “the public domain” or to “basic scientific research”.

DEFINITIONS

 

“basic scientific research” — Experimental or theoretical work undertaken principally to acquire new knowledge of the fundamental principles of phenomena and observable facts, not primarily directed towards a specific practical aim or objective.

 

“development” is related to all phases before “production” such as:

design

design research

design analysis

design concepts

assembly and testing of prototypes

pilot production schemes

design data

process of transforming design data into a product

configuration design

integration design

layouts

 

“in the public domain” as it applies herein, means “technology” or “software” that has been made available without restrictions upon its further dissemination. (Copyright restrictions do not remove “technology” or “software” from being in the public domain.)

 

“microprograms” — A sequence of elementary instructions, maintained in a special storage, the execution of which is initiated by the introduction of its reference instruction into an instruction register.

 

“other elements” — All elements other than hydrogen, uranium and plutonium.

 

“production” means all production phases such as:

construction

production engineering

manufacture

integration

assembly (mounting)

inspection

testing

quality assurance

 

“program” — A sequence of instructions to carry out a process in, or convertible into, a form executable by an electronic computer.

 

“software” means a collection of one or more “programs” or “microprograms” fixed in any tangible medium of expression.

 

“technical assistance” may take forms such as: instruction, skills, training, working knowledge, consulting services.

Note:

“Technical assistance” may involve transfer of “technical data”.

 

“technical data” may take forms such as blueprints, plans, diagrams, models, formulae, engineering designs and specifications, manuals and instructions written or recorded on other media or devices such as disk, tape, read-only memories.

 

“technology” means specific information required for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of any item contained in the List. This information may take the form of “technical data”, or “technical assistance”.

 

“use” — Operation, installation (including on-site installation), maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing.

MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT

1.   Source and special fissionable material

As defined in Article XX of the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency:

1.1.

“Source material”

The term “source material” means uranium containing the mixture of isotopes occurring in nature; uranium depleted in the isotope 235; thorium; any of the foregoing in the form of metal, alloy, chemical compound, or concentrate; any other material containing one or more of the foregoing in such concentration as the Board of Governors shall from time to time determine; and such other material as the Board of Governors shall from time to time determine.

1.2.

“Special fissionable material”

i)

The term “special fissionable material” means plutonium-239; uranium-233; “uranium enriched in the isotopes 235 or 233”; any material containing one or more of the foregoing; and such other fissionable material as the Board of Governors shall from time to time determine; but the term “special fissionable material” does not include source material.

ii)

The term “uranium enriched in the isotopes 235 or 233” means uranium containing the isotopes 235 or 233 or both in an amount such that the abundance ratio of the sum of these isotopes to the isotope 238 is greater than the ratio of the isotope 235 to the isotope 238 occurring in nature.

However, for the purposes of the Guidelines, items specified in subparagraph (a) below, and exports of source or special fissionable material to a given recipient country, within a period of 12 months, below the limits specified in subparagraph (b) below, shall not be included:

(a)

Plutonium with an isotopic concentration of plutonium-238 exceeding 80 %.

Special fissionable material when used in gram quantities or less as a sensing component in instruments; and

Source material which the Government is satisfied is to be used only in non- nuclear activities, such as the production of alloys or ceramics;

(b)

Special fissionable material

50 effective grams;

Natural uranium

500 kilograms;

Depleted uranium

1 000 kilograms; and

Thorium

1 000 kilograms.

2.   Equipment and Non-nuclear Materials

The designation of items of equipment and non-nuclear materials adopted by the Government is as follows (quantities below the levels indicated in the Annex B being regarded as insignificant for practical purposes):

2.1.

Nuclear reactors and especially designed or prepared equipment and components therefor (see Annex B, section 1.);

2.2.

Non-nuclear materials for reactors (see Annex B, section 2.);

2.3.

Plants for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor (see Annex B, section 3.);

2.4.

Plants for the fabrication of nuclear reactor fuel elements, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor (see Annex B, section 4.);

2.5.

Plants for the separation of isotopes of natural uranium, depleted uranium or special fissionable material and equipment, other than analytical instruments, especially designed or prepared therefor (see Annex B, section 5.);

2.6.

Plants for the production or concentration of heavy water, deuterium and deuterium compounds and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor (see Annex B, section 6.);

2.7.

Plants for the conversion of uranium and plutonium for use in the fabrication of fuel elements and the separation of uranium isotopes as defined in sections 4 and 5 respectively, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor (See Annex B, section 7.).

ANNEX B

CLARIFICATION OF ITEMS ON THE TRIGGER LIST

(as designated in Section 2 of MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT of Annex A)

1.   Nuclear reactors and especially designed or prepared equipment and components therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Various types of nuclear reactors may be characterized by the moderator used (e.g., graphite, heavy water, light water, none), the spectrum of neutrons therein (e.g., thermal, fast), the type of coolant used (e.g., water, liquid metal, molten salt, gas), or by their function or type (e.g., power reactors, research reactors, test reactors). It is intended that all of these types of nuclear reactors are within scope of this entry and all of its sub-entries where applicable. This entry does not control fusion reactors.

1.1.   Complete nuclear reactors

Nuclear reactors capable of operation so as to maintain a controlled self-sustaining fission chain reaction.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

A “nuclear reactor” basically includes the items within or attached directly to the reactor vessel, the equipment which controls the level of power in the core, and the components which normally contain or come in direct contact with or control the primary coolant of the reactor core.

EXPORTS

The export of the whole set of major items within this boundary will take place only in accordance with the procedures of the Guidelines. Those individual items within this functionally defined boundary which will be exported only in accordance with the procedures of the Guidelines are listed in paragraphs 1.2. to 1.11. The Government reserves to itself the right to apply the procedures of the Guidelines to other items within the functionally defined boundary.

1.2.   Nuclear reactor vessels

Metal vessels, or major shop-fabricated parts therefor, especially designed or prepared to contain the core of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above, as well as relevant reactor internals as defined in paragraph 1.8. below.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Item 1.2 covers nuclear reactor vessels regardless of pressure rating and includes reactor pressure vessels and calandrias. The reactor vessel head is covered by item 1.2. as a major shop-fabricated part of a reactor vessel.

1.3.   Nuclear reactor fuel charging and discharging machines

Manipulative equipment especially designed or prepared for inserting or removing fuel in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The items noted above are capable of on-load operation or at employing technically sophisticated positioning or alignment features to allow complex off-load fueling operations such as those in which direct viewing of or access to the fuel is not normally available.

1.4.   Nuclear reactor control rods and equipment

Especially designed or prepared rods, support or suspension structures therefor, rod drive mechanisms or rod guide tubes to control the fission process in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above.

1.5.   Nuclear reactor pressure tubes

Tubes which are especially designed or prepared to contain both fuel elements and the primary coolant in a reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Pressure tubes are parts of fuel channels designed to operate at elevated pressure, sometimes in excess of 5 MPa.

1.6.   Nuclear fuel cladding

Zirconium metal tubes or zirconium alloy tubes (or assemblies of tubes) especially designed or prepared for use as fuel cladding in a reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above, and in quantities exceeding 10 kg.

N.B.:

For zirconium pressure tubes see 1.5. For calandria tubes see 1.8.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Zirconium metal tubes or zirconium alloy tubes for use in a nuclear reactor consist of zirconium in which the relation of hafnium to zirconium is typically less than 1:500 parts by weight.

1.7.   Primary coolant pumps or circulators

Pumps or circulators especially designed or prepared for circulating the primary coolant for nuclear reactors as defined in paragraph 1.1. above.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Especially designed or prepared pumps or circulators include pumps for water-cooled reactors, circulators for gas-cooled reactors, and electromagnetic and mechanical pumps for liquid-metal-cooled reactors. This equipment may include pumps with elaborate sealed or multi-sealed systems to prevent leakage of primary coolant, canned-driven pumps, and pumps with inertial mass systems. This definition encompasses pumps certified to Section III, Division I, Subsection NB (Class 1 components) of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code, or equivalent standards.

1.8.   Nuclear reactor internals

“Nuclear reactor internals” especially designed or prepared for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1 above. This includes, for example, support columns for the core, fuel channels, calandria tubes, thermal shields, baffles, core grid plates, and diffuser plates.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

“Nuclear reactor internals” are major structures within a reactor vessel which have one or more functions such as supporting the core, maintaining fuel alignment, directing primary coolant flow, providing radiation shields for the reactor vessel, and guiding in-core instrumentation.

1.9.   Heat exchangers

(a)

Steam generators especially designed or prepared for the primary, or intermediate, coolant circuit of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1 above.

(b)

Other heat exchangers especially designed or prepared for use in the primary coolant circuit of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1 above.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Steam generators are especially designed or prepared to transfer the heat generated in the reactor to the feed water for steam generation. In the case of a fast reactor for which an intermediate coolant loop is also present, the steam generator is in the intermediate circuit.

In a gas-cooled reactor, a heat exchanger may be utilized to transfer heat to a secondary gas loop that drives a gas turbine.

The scope of control for this entry does not include heat exchangers for the supporting systems of the reactor, e.g., the emergency cooling system or the decay heat cooling system.

1.10.   Neutron detectors

Especially designed or prepared neutron detectors for determining neutron flux levels within the core of a reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The scope of this entry encompasses in-core and ex-core detectors which measure flux levels in a large range, typically from 104 neutrons per cm2 per second to 1010 neutrons per cm2 per second or more. Ex-core refers to those instruments outside the core of a reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above, but located within the biological shielding.

1.11.   External thermal shields

“External thermal shields” especially designed or prepared for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1 for reduction of heat loss and also for containment vessel protection.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

“External thermal shields” are major structures placed over the reactor vessel which reduce heat loss from the reactor and reduce temperature within the containment vessel.

2.   Non-nuclear materials for reactors

2.1.   Deuterium and heavy water

Deuterium, heavy water (deuterium oxide) and any other deuterium compound in which the ratio of deuterium to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1:5 000 for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1. above in quantities exceeding 200 kg of deuterium atoms for any one recipient country in any period of 12 months.

2.2.   Nuclear grade graphite

Graphite having a purity level better than 5 parts per million boron equivalent and with a density greater than 1.50 g/cm for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1.1 above, in quantities exceeding 1 kilogram.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

For the purpose of export control, the Government will determine whether or not the exports of graphite meeting the above specifications are for nuclear reactor use.

Boron equivalent (BE) may be determined experimentally or is calculated as the sum of BEz for impurities (excluding BEcarbon since carbon is not considered an impurity) including boron, where:

BEz (ppm) = CF × concentration of element Z (in ppm);

 

CF is the conversion factor: (σz × AB) divided by (σB × Az);

σB and σz are the thermal neutron capture cross sections (in barns) for naturally occurring boron and

 

element Z respectively; and AB and Az are the atomic masses of naturally occurring boron and element Z respectively.

3.   Plants for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Reprocessing irradiated nuclear fuel separates plutonium and uranium from intensely radioactive fission products and other transuranic elements. Different technical processes can accomplish this separation. However, over the years Purex has become the most commonly used and accepted process. Purex involves the dissolution of irradiated nuclear fuel in nitric acid, followed by separation of the uranium, plutonium, and fission products by solvent extraction using a mixture of tributyl phosphate in an organic diluent.

Purex facilities have process functions similar to each other, including: irradiated fuel element chopping, fuel dissolution, solvent extraction, and process liquor storage. There may also be equipment for thermal denitration of uranium nitrate, conversion of plutonium nitrate to oxide or metal, and treatment of fission product waste liquor to a form suitable for long term storage or disposal. However, the specific type and configuration of the equipment performing these functions may differ between Purex facilities for several reasons, including the type and quantity of irradiated nuclear fuel to be reprocessed and the intended disposition of the recovered materials, and the safety and maintenance philosophy incorporated into the design of the facility.

A “plant for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements”, includes the equipment and components which normally come in direct contact with and directly control the irradiated fuel and the major nuclear material and fission product processing streams.

These processes, including the complete systems for plutonium conversion and plutonium metal production, may be identified by the measures taken to avoid criticality (e.g. by geometry), radiation exposure (e.g. by shielding), and toxicity hazards (e.g. by containment).

EXPORTS

The export of the whole set of major items within this boundary will take place only in accordance with the procedures of the Guidelines.

The Government reserves to itself the right to apply the procedures of the Guidelines to other items within the functionally defined boundary as listed below.

Items of equipment that are considered to fall within the meaning of the phrase “and equipment especially designed or prepared” for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements include:

3.1.   Irradiated fuel element chopping machines

Remotely operated equipment especially designed or prepared for use in a reprocessing plant as identified above and intended to cut, chop or shear irradiated nuclear fuel assemblies, bundles or rods.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This equipment breaches the cladding of the fuel to expose the irradiated nuclear material to dissolution. Especially designed metal cutting shears are the most commonly employed, although advanced equipment, such as lasers, may be used.

3.2.   Dissolvers

Critically safe tanks (e.g. small diameter, annular or slab tanks) especially designed or prepared for use in a reprocessing plant as identified above, intended for dissolution of irradiated nuclear fuel and which are capable of withstanding hot, highly corrosive liquid, and which can be remotely loaded and maintained.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Dissolvers normally receive the chopped-up spent fuel. In these critically safe vessels, the irradiated nuclear material is dissolved in nitric acid and the remaining hulls removed from the process stream.

3.3.   Solvent extractors and solvent extraction equipment

Especially designed or prepared solvent extractors such as packed or pulse columns, mixer settlers or centrifugal contactors for use in a plant for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel. Solvent extractors must be resistant to the corrosive effect of nitric acid. Solvent extractors are normally fabricated to extremely high standards (including special welding and inspection and quality assurance and quality control techniques) out of low carbon stainless steels, titanium, zirconium, or other high quality materials.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Solvent extractors both receive the solution of irradiated fuel from the dissolvers and the organic solution which separates the uranium, plutonium, and fission products. Solvent extraction equipment is normally designed to meet strict operating parameters, such as long operating lifetimes with no maintenance requirements or adaptability to easy replacement, simplicity of operation and control, and flexibility for variations in process conditions.

3.4.   Chemical holding or storage vessels

Especially designed or prepared holding or storage vessels for use in a plant for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel. The holding or storage vessels must be resistant to the corrosive effect of nitric acid. The holding or storage vessels are normally fabricated of materials such as low carbon stainless steels, titanium or zirconium, or other high quality materials. Holding or storage vessels may be designed for remote operation and maintenance and may have the following features for control of nuclear criticality:

(1)

walls or internal structures with a boron equivalent of at least two per cent, or

(2)

a maximum diameter of 175 mm (7 in) for cylindrical vessels, or

(3)

a maximum width of 75 mm (3 in) for either a slab or annular vessel.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Three main process liquor streams result from the solvent extraction step. Holding or storage vessels are used in the further processing of all three streams, as follows:

(a)

The pure uranium nitrate solution is concentrated by evaporation and passed to a denitration process where it is converted to uranium oxide. This oxide is re-used in the nuclear fuel cycle.

(b)

The intensely radioactive fission products solution is normally concentrated by evaporation and stored as a liquor concentrate. This concentrate may be subsequently evaporated and converted to a form suitable for storage or disposal.

(c)

The pure plutonium nitrate solution is concentrated and stored pending its transfer to further process steps. In particular, holding or storage vessels for plutonium solutions are designed to avoid criticality problems resulting from changes in concentration and form of this stream.

3.5.   Neutron measurement systems for process control

Neutron measurement systems especially designed or prepared for integration and use with automated process control systems in a plant for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems involve the capability of active and passive neutron measurement and discrimination in order to determine the fissile material quantity and composition. The complete system is composed of a neutron generator, a neutron detector, amplifiers, and signal processing electronics.

The scope of this entry does not include neutron detection and measurement instruments that are designed for nuclear material accountancy and safeguarding or any other application not related to integration and use with automated process control systems in a plant for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements.

4.   Plants for the fabrication of nuclear reactor fuel elements, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Nuclear fuel elements are manufactured from one or more of the source or special fissionable materials mentioned in MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT of this annex. For oxide fuels, the most common type of fuel, equipment for pressing pellets, sintering, grinding and grading will be present. Mixed oxide fuels are handled in glove boxes (or equivalent containment) until they are sealed in the cladding. In all cases, the fuel is hermetically sealed inside a suitable cladding which is designed to be the primary envelope encasing the fuel so as to provide suitable performance and safety during reactor operation. Also, in all cases, precise control of processes, procedures and equipment to extremely high standards is necessary in order to ensure predictable and safe fuel performance.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Items of equipment that are considered to fall within the meaning of the phrase “and equipment especially designed or prepared” for the fabrication of fuel elements include equipment which:

(a)

normally comes in direct contact with, or directly processes, or controls, the production flow of nuclear material;

(b)

seals the nuclear material within the cladding;

(c)

checks the integrity of the cladding or the seal;

(d)

checks the finish treatment of the sealed fuel; or

(e)

is used for assembling reactor fuel elements.

Such equipment or systems of equipment may include, for example:

1)

fully automatic pellet inspection stations especially designed or prepared for checking final dimensions and surface defects of the fuel pellets;

2)

automatic welding machines especially designed or prepared for welding end caps onto the fuel pins (or rods);

3)

automatic test and inspection stations especially designed or prepared for checking the integrity of completed fuel pins (or rods);

4)

systems especially designed or prepared to manufacture nuclear fuel cladding.

Item 3 typically includes equipment for: a) x-ray examination of pin (or rod) end cap welds, b) helium leak detection from pressurized pins (or rods), and c) gamma-ray scanning of the pins (or rods) to check for correct loading of the fuel pellets inside.

5.   Plants for the separation of isotopes of natural uranium, depleted uranium or special fissionable material and equipment, other than analytical instruments, especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Plants, equipment and technology for the separation of uranium isotopes have, in many instances, a close relationship to plants, equipment and technology for isotope separation of “other elements”. In particular cases, the controls under Section 5 also apply to plants and equipment that are intended for isotope separation of “other elements”. These controls of plants and equipment for isotope separation of “other elements” are complementary to controls on plants and equipment especially designed or prepared for the processing, use or production of special fissionable material covered by the Trigger List. These complementary Section 5 controls for uses involving “other elements” do not apply to the electromagnetic isotope separation process, which is addressed under Part 2 of the Guidelines.

Processes for which the controls in Section 5 equally apply whether the intended use is uranium isotope separation or isotope separation of “other elements” are: gas centrifuge, gaseous diffusion, the plasma separation process, and aerodynamic processes.

For some processes, the relationship to uranium isotope separation depends on the element being separated. These processes are: laser-based processes (e.g. molecular laser isotope separation and atomic vapour laser isotope separation), chemical exchange, and ion exchange. Suppliers must therefore evaluate these processes on a case-by-case basis to apply Section 5 controls for uses involving “other elements” accordingly.

Items of equipment that are considered to fall within the meaning of the phrase “equipment, other than analytical instruments, especially designed or prepared” for the separation of isotopes of uranium include:

5.1.   Gas centrifuges and assemblies and components especially designed or prepared for use in gas centrifuges

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The gas centrifuge normally consists of a thin-walled cylinder(s) of between 75 mm and 650 mm diameter contained in a vacuum environment and spun at high peripheral speed of the order of 300 m/s or more with its central axis vertical. In order to achieve high speed the materials of construction for the rotating components have to be of a high strength to density ratio and the rotor assembly, and hence its individual components, have to be manufactured to very close tolerances in order to minimize the unbalance. In contrast to other centrifuges, the gas centrifuge for uranium enrichment is characterized by having within the rotor chamber a rotating disc-shaped baffle(s) and a stationary tube arrangement for feeding and extracting the UF6 gas and featuring at least three separate channels, of which two are connected to scoops extending from the rotor axis towards the periphery of the rotor chamber. Also contained within the vacuum environment are a number of critical items which do not rotate and which although they are especially designed are not difficult to fabricate nor are they fabricated out of unique materials. A centrifuge facility however requires a large number of these components, so that quantities can provide an important indication of end use.

5.1.1.   Rotating components

(a)

Complete rotor assemblies:

Thin-walled cylinders, or a number of interconnected thin-walled cylinders, manufactured from one or more of the high strength to density ratio materials described in the EXPLANATORY NOTE to this Section. If interconnected, the cylinders are joined together by flexible bellows or rings as described in section 5.1.1.(c) following. The rotor is fitted with an internal baffle(s) and end caps, as described in section 5.1.1.(d) and (e) following, if in final form. However the complete assembly may be delivered only partly assembled.

(b)

Rotor tubes:

Especially designed or prepared thin-walled cylinders with thickness of 12 mm or less, a diameter of between 75 mm and 650 mm, and manufactured from one or more of the high strength to density ratio materials described in the EXPLANATORY NOTE to this Section.

(c)

Rings or Bellows:

Components especially designed or prepared to give localized support to the rotor tube or to join together a number of rotor tubes. The bellows is a short cylinder of wall thickness 3 mm or less, a diameter of between 75 mm and 650 mm, having a convolute, and manufactured from one of the high strength to density ratio materials described in the EXPLANATORY NOTE to this Section.

(d)

Baffles:

Disc-shaped components of between 75 mm and 650 mm diameter especially designed or prepared to be mounted inside the centrifuge rotor tube, in order to isolate the take-off chamber from the main separation chamber and, in some cases, to assist the UF6 gas circulation within the main separation chamber of the rotor tube, and manufactured from one of the high strength to density ratio materials described in the EXPLANATORY NOTE to this Section.

(e)

Top caps/Bottom caps:

Disc-shaped components of between 75 mm and 650 mm diameter especially designed or prepared to fit to the ends of the rotor tube, and so contain the UF6 within the rotor tube, and in some cases to support, retain or contain as an integrated part an element of the upper bearing (top cap) or to carry the rotating elements of the motor and lower bearing (bottom cap), and manufactured from one of the high strength to density ratio materials described in the EXPLANATORY NOTE to this Section.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The materials used for centrifuge rotating components include the following:

(a)

Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 1.95 GPa or more;

(b)

Aluminium alloys capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 0.46 GPa or more;

(c)

Filamentary materials suitable for use in composite structures and having a specific modulus of 3.18 × 106 m or greater and a specific ultimate tensile strength of 7.62 × 104 m or greater (“Specific Modulus” is the Young's Modulus in N/m2 divided by the specific weight in N/m3; “Specific Ultimate Tensile Strength” is the ultimate tensile strength in N/m2 divided by the specific weight in N/m3).

5.1.2.   Static components

(a)

Magnetic suspension bearings:

1.

Especially designed or prepared bearing assemblies consisting of an annular magnet suspended within a housing containing a damping medium. The housing will be manufactured from a UF6 -resistant material (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to Section 5.2.). The magnet couples with a pole piece or a second magnet fitted to the top cap described in Section 5.1.1.(e). The magnet may be ring-shaped with a relation between outer and inner diameter smaller or equal to 1.6:1. The magnet may be in a form having an initial permeability of 0.15 H/m or more, or a remanence of 98.5 % or more, or an energy product of greater than 80 kJ/m3. In addition to the usual material properties, it is a prerequisite that the deviation of the magnetic axes from the geometrical axes is limited to very small tolerances (lower than 0.1 mm) or that homogeneity of the material of the magnet is specially called for.

2.

Active magnetic bearings especially designed or prepared for use with gas centrifuges.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These bearings usually have the following characteristics:

Designed to keep centred a rotor spinning at 600 Hz or more, and

Associated to a reliable electrical power supply and/or to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) unit in order to function for more than one hour.

(b)

Bearings/Dampers:

Especially designed or prepared bearings comprising a pivot/cup assembly mounted on a damper. The pivot is normally a hardened steel shaft with a hemisphere at one end with a means of attachment to the bottom cap described in section 5.1.1.(e) at the other. The shaft may however have a hydrodynamic bearing attached. The cup is pellet-shaped with a hemispherical indentation in one surface. These components are often supplied separately to the damper.

(c)

Molecular pumps:

Especially designed or prepared cylinders having internally machined or extruded helical grooves and internally machined bores. Typical dimensions are as follows:

75 mm to 650 mm internal diameter, 10 mm or more wall thickness, with the length equal to or greater than the diameter. The grooves are typically rectangular in cross-section and 2 mm or more in depth.

(d)

Motor stators:

Especially designed or prepared ring-shaped stators for high speed multiphase AC hysteresis (or reluctance) motors for synchronous operation within a vacuum at a frequency of 600 Hz or greater and a power of 40 VA or greater. The stators may consist of multi-phase windings on a laminated low loss iron core comprised of thin layers typically 2.0 mm thick or less.

(e)

Centrifuge housing/recipients:

Components especially designed or prepared to contain the rotor tube assembly of a gas centrifuge. The housing consists of a rigid cylinder of wall thickness up to 30 mm with precision machined ends to locate the bearings and with one or more flanges for mounting. The machined ends are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the cylinder's longitudinal axis to within 0.05 degrees or less. The housing may also be a honeycomb type structure to accommodate several rotor assemblies.

(f)

Scoops:

Especially designed or prepared tubes for the extraction of UF6 gas from within the rotor tube by a Pitot tube action (that is, with an aperture facing into the circumferential gas flow within the rotor tube, for example by bending the end of a radially disposed tube) and capable of being fixed to the central gas extraction system.

5.2.   Especially designed or prepared auxiliary systems, equipment and components for gas centrifuge enrichment plants

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The auxiliary systems, equipment and components for a gas centrifuge enrichment plant are the systems of plant needed to feed UF6 to the centrifuges, to link the individual centrifuges to each other to form cascades (or stages) to allow for progressively higher enrichments and to extract the “product” and “tails” UF6 from the centrifuges, together with the equipment required to drive the centrifuges or to control the plant.

Normally UF6 is evaporated from the solid using heated autoclaves and is distributed in gaseous form to the centrifuges by way of cascade header pipework. The “product” and “tails” UF6 gaseous streams flowing from the centrifuges are also passed by way of cascade header pipework to cold traps (operating at about 203 K (– 70 °C)) where they are condensed prior to onward transfer into suitable containers for transportation or storage. Because an enrichment plant consists of many thousands of centrifuges arranged in cascades there are many kilometers of cascade header pipework, incorporating thousands of welds with a substantial amount of repetition of layout. The equipment, components and piping systems are fabricated to very high vacuum and cleanliness standards.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Some of the items listed below either come into direct contact with the UF6 process gas or directly control the centrifuges and the passage of the gas from centrifuge to centrifuge and cascade to cascade. Materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 include copper, copper alloys, stainless steel, aluminium, aluminium oxide, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloys containing 60 % or more nickel and fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers.

5.2.1.   Feed systems/product and tails withdrawal systems

Especially designed or prepared process systems or equipment for enrichment plants made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, including:

(a)

Feed autoclaves, ovens, or systems used for passing UF6 to the enrichment process;

(b)

Desublimers, cold traps or pumps used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process for subsequent transfer upon heating;

(c)

Solidification or liquefaction stations used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process by compressing and converting UF6 to a liquid or solid form;

(d)

“Product” or “tails” stations used for transferring UF6 into containers.

5.2.2.   Machine header piping systems

Especially designed or prepared piping systems and header systems for handling UF6 within the centrifuge cascades. The piping network is normally of the “triple” header system with each centrifuge connected to each of the headers. There is thus a substantial amount of repetition in its form. It is wholly made of or protected by UF6 -resistant materials (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to this section) and is fabricated to very high vacuum and cleanliness standards.

5.2.3   Special shut-off and control valves

(a)

Shut-off valves especially designed or prepared to act on the feed, product or tails UF6 gaseous streams of an individual gas centrifuge.

(b)

Bellows-sealed valves, manual or automated, shut-off or control, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, with an inside diameter of 10 to 160 mm, especially designed or prepared for use in main or auxiliary systems of gas centrifuge enrichment plants.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Typical especially designed or prepared valves include bellow-sealed valves, fast acting closure-types, fast acting valves and others.

5.2.4.   UF6 mass spectrometers/ion sources

Especially designed or prepared mass spectrometers capable of taking on-line samples from UF6 gas streams and having all of the following:

1.

Capable of measuring ions of 320 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 1 part in 320;

2.

Ion sources constructed of or protected by nickel, nickel-copper alloys with a nickel content of 60 % or more by weight, or nickel-chrome alloys;

3.

Electron bombardment ionization sources;

4.

Having a collector system suitable for isotopic analysis.

5.2.5.   Frequency changers

Frequency changers (also known as converters or inverters) especially designed or prepared to supply motor stators as defined under 5.1.2.(d), or parts, components and sub-assemblies of such frequency changers having all of the following characteristics:

1.

A multiphase frequency output of 600 Hz or greater; and

2.

High stability (with frequency control better than 0.2 %).

5.3.   Especially designed or prepared assemblies and components for use in gaseous diffusion enrichment

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

In the gaseous diffusion method of uranium isotope separation, the main technological assembly is a special porous gaseous diffusion barrier, heat exchanger for cooling the gas (which is heated by the process of compression), seal valves and control valves, and pipelines. Inasmuch as gaseous diffusion technology uses uranium hexafluoride (UF6 ), all equipment, pipeline and instrumentation surfaces (that come in contact with the gas) must be made of materials that remain stable in contact with UF6. A gaseous diffusion facility requires a number of these assemblies, so that quantities can provide an important indication of end use.

5.3.1.   Gaseous diffusion barriers and barrier materials

(a)

Especially designed or prepared thin, porous filters, with a pore size of 10 - 100 nm, a thickness of 5 mm or less, and for tubular forms, a diameter of 25 mm or less, made of metallic, polymer or ceramic materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to section 5.4), and

(b)

especially prepared compounds or powders for the manufacture of such filters. Such compounds and powders include nickel or alloys containing 60 % or more nickel, aluminium oxide, or UF6 -resistant fully fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers having a purity of 99.9 % by weight or more, a particle size less than 10 μm, and a high degree of particle size uniformity, which are especially prepared for the manufacture of gaseous diffusion barriers.

5.3.2.   Diffuser housings

Especially designed or prepared hermetically sealed vessels for containing the gaseous diffusion barrier, made of or protected by UF6 -resistant materials (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to section 5.4).

5.3.3.   Compressors and gas blowers

Especially designed or prepared compressors or gas blowers with a suction volume capacity of 1 m3 per minute or more of UF6, and with a discharge pressure of up to 500 kPa, designed for long-term operation in the UF6 environment, as well as separate assemblies of such compressors and gas blowers. These compressors and gas blowers have a pressure ratio of 10:1 or less and are made of, or protected by, materials resistant to UF6 (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to section 5.4).

5.3.4.   Rotary shaft seals

Especially designed or prepared vacuum seals, with seal feed and seal exhaust connections, for sealing the shaft connecting the compressor or the gas blower rotor with the driver motor so as to ensure a reliable seal against in-leaking of air into the inner chamber of the compressor or gas blower which is filled with UF6. Such seals are normally designed for a buffer gas in-leakage rate of less than 1 000 cm3 per minute.

5.3.5.   Heat exchangers for cooling UF6

Especially designed or prepared heat exchangers made of or protected by UF6 -resistant materials (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to section 5.4), and intended for a leakage pressure change rate of less than 10 Pa per hour under a pressure difference of 100 kPa.

5.4.   Especially designed or prepared auxiliary systems, equipment and components for use in gaseous diffusion enrichment

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The auxiliary systems, equipment and components for gaseous diffusion enrichment plants are the systems of plant needed to feed UF6 to the gaseous diffusion assembly, to link the individual assemblies to each other to form cascades (or stages) to allow for progressively higher enrichments and to extract the “product” and “tails” UF6 from the diffusion cascades. Because of the high inertial properties of diffusion cascades, any interruption in their operation, and especially their shut-down, leads to serious consequences. Therefore, a strict and constant maintenance of vacuum in all technological systems, automatic protection from accidents, and precise automated regulation of the gas flow is of importance in a gaseous diffusion plant. All this leads to a need to equip the plant with a large number of special measuring, regulating and controlling systems.

Normally UF6 is evaporated from cylinders placed within autoclaves and is distributed in gaseous form to the entry point by way of cascade header pipework. The “product” and “tails” UF6 gaseous streams flowing from exit points are passed by way of cascade header pipework to either cold traps or to compression stations where the UF6 gas is liquefied prior to onward transfer into suitable containers for transportation or storage. Because a gaseous diffusion enrichment plant consists of a large number of gaseous diffusion assemblies arranged in cascades, there are many kilometers of cascade header pipework, incorporating thousands of welds with substantial amounts of repetition of layout. The equipment, components and piping systems are fabricated to very high vacuum and cleanliness standards.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The items listed below either come into direct contact with the UF6 process gas or directly control the flow within the cascade. Materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 include copper, copper alloys, stainless steel, aluminium, aluminium oxide, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloys containing 60 % or more nickel and fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers.

5.4.1.   Feed systems/product and tails withdrawal systems

Especially designed or prepared process systems or equipment for enrichment plants made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, including:

(a)

Feed autoclaves, ovens, or systems used for passing UF6 to the enrichment process;

(b)

Desublimers, cold traps or pumps used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process for subsequent transfer upon heating;

(c)

Solidification or liquefaction stations used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process by compressing and converting UF6 to a liquid or solid form;

(d)

“Product” or “tails” stations used for transferring UF6 into containers.

5.4.2.   Header piping systems

Especially designed or prepared piping systems and header systems for handling UF6 within the gaseous diffusion cascades.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This piping network is normally of the “double” header system with each cell connected to each of the headers.

5.4.3.   Vacuum systems

(a)

Especially designed or prepared vacuum manifolds, vacuum headers and vacuum pumps having a suction capacity of 5 m3 per minute or more.

(b)

Vacuum pumps especially designed for service in UF6 -bearing atmospheres made of, or protected by, materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 (see EXPLANATORY NOTE to this section). These pumps may be either rotary or positive, may have displacement and fluorocarbon seals, and may have special working fluids present.

5.4.4.   Special shut-off and control valves

Especially designed or prepared bellows-sealed valves, manual or automated, shut-off or control, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, for installation in main and auxiliary systems of gaseous diffusion enrichment plants.

5.4.5.   UF6 mass spectrometers/ion sources

Especially designed or prepared mass spectrometers capable of taking on-line samples from UF6 gas streams and having all of the following:

1.

Capable of measuring ions of 320 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 1 part in 320;

2.

Ion sources constructed of or protected by nickel, nickel-copper alloys with a nickel content of 60 % or more by weight, or nickel-chrome alloys;

3.

Electron bombardment ionization sources;

4.

Having a collector system suitable for isotopic analysis.

5.5.   Especially designed or prepared systems, equipment and components for use in aerodynamic enrichment plants

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

In aerodynamic enrichment processes, a mixture of gaseous UF6 and light gas (hydrogen or helium) is compressed and then passed through separating elements wherein isotopic separation is accomplished by the generation of high centrifugal forces over a curved-wall geometry. Two processes of this type have been successfully developed: the separation nozzle process and the vortex tube process. For both processes the main components of a separation stage include cylindrical vessels housing the special separation elements (nozzles or vortex tubes), gas compressors and heat exchangers to remove the heat of compression. An aerodynamic plant requires a number of these stages, so that quantities can provide an important indication of end use. Since aerodynamic processes use UF6, all equipment, pipeline and instrumentation surfaces (that come in contact with the gas) must be made of or protected by materials that remain stable in contact with UF6.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The items listed in this section either come into direct contact with the UF6 process gas or directly control the flow within the cascade. All surfaces which come into contact with the process gas are wholly made of or protected by UF6 -resistant materials. For the purposes of the section relating to aerodynamic enrichment items, the materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 include copper, copper alloys, stainless steel, aluminium, aluminium oxide, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloys containing 60 % or more nickel by weight and fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers.

5.5.1.   Separation nozzles

Especially designed or prepared separation nozzles and assemblies thereof. The separation nozzles consist of slit-shaped, curved channels having a radius of curvature less than 1 mm, resistant to corrosion by UF6 and having a knife-edge within the nozzle that separates the gas flowing through the nozzle into two fractions.

5.5.2.   Vortex tubes

Especially designed or prepared vortex tubes and assemblies thereof. The vortex tubes are cylindrical or tapered, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, and with one or more tangential inlets. The tubes may be equipped with nozzle- type appendages at either or both ends.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The feed gas enters the vortex tube tangentially at one end or through swirl vanes or at numerous tangential positions along the periphery of the tube.

5.5.3.   Compressors and gas blowers

Especially designed or prepared compressors or gas blowers made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by the UF6/carrier gas (hydrogen or helium) mixture.

5.5.4.   Rotary shaft seals

Especially designed or prepared rotary shaft seals, with seal feed and seal exhaust connections, for sealing the shaft connecting the compressor rotor or the gas blower rotor with the driver motor so as to ensure a reliable seal against out-leakage of process gas or in-leakage of air or seal gas into the inner chamber of the compressor or gas blower which is filled with a UF6/carrier gas mixture.

5.5.5.   Heat exchangers for gas cooling

Especially designed or prepared heat exchangers made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6.

5.5.6.   Separation element housings

Especially designed or prepared separation element housings, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, for containing vortex tubes or separation nozzles.

5.5.7.   Feed systems/product and tails withdrawal systems

Especially designed or prepared process systems or equipment for enrichment plants made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, including:

(a)

Feed autoclaves, ovens, or systems used for passing UF6 to the enrichment process;

(b)

Desublimers (or cold traps) used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process for subsequent transfer upon heating;

(c)

Solidification or liquefaction stations used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process by compressing and converting UF6 to a liquid or solid form;

(d)

“Product” or “tails” stations used for transferring UF6 into containers.

5.5.8.   Header piping systems

Especially designed or prepared header piping systems, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, for handling UF6 within the aerodynamic cascades. This piping network is normally of the “double” header design with each stage or group of stages connected to each of the headers.

5.5.9.   Vacuum systems and pumps

(a)

Especially designed or prepared vacuum systems consisting of vacuum manifolds, vacuum headers and vacuum pumps, and designed for service in UF6 -bearing atmospheres,

(b)

Vacuum pumps especially designed or prepared for service in UF6 -bearing atmospheres and made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6. These pumps may use fluorocarbon seals and special working fluids.

5.5.10.   Special shut-off and control valves

Especially designed or prepared bellows-sealed valves, manual or automated, shut-off or control, made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, with a diameter of 40 mm or greater, for installation in main and auxiliary systems of aerodynamic enrichment plants.

5.5.11.   UF6 mass spectrometers/Ion sources

Especially designed or prepared mass spectrometers capable of taking on-line samples from UF6 gas streams and having all of the following:

1.

Capable of measuring ions of 320 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 1 part in 320;

2.

Ion sources constructed of or protected by nickel, nickel-copper alloys with a nickel content of 60 % or more by weight, or nickel-chrome alloys;

3.

Electron bombardment ionization sources;

4.

Having a collector system suitable for isotopic analysis.

5.5.12.   UF6/carrier gas separation systems

Especially designed or prepared process systems for separating UF6 from carrier gas (hydrogen or helium).

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems are designed to reduce the UF6 content in the carrier gas to 1 ppm or less and may incorporate equipment such as:

(a)

Cryogenic heat exchangers and cryoseparators capable of temperatures of 153 K (– 120 °C) or less, or

(b)

Cryogenic refrigeration units capable of temperatures of 153 K (– 120 °C) or less, or

(c)

Separation nozzle or vortex tube units for the separation of UF6 from carrier gas, or

(d)

UF6 cold traps capable of freezing out UF6.

5.6.   Especially designed or prepared systems, equipment and components for use in chemical exchange or ion exchange enrichment plants.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The slight difference in mass between the isotopes of uranium causes small changes in chemical reaction equilibria that can be used as a basis for separation of the isotopes. Two processes have been successfully developed: liquid-liquid chemical exchange and solid-liquid ion exchange.

In the liquid-liquid chemical exchange process, immiscible liquid phases (aqueous and organic) are countercurrently contacted to give the cascading effect of thousands of separation stages. The aqueous phase consists of uranium chloride in hydrochloric acid solution; the organic phase consists of an extractant containing uranium chloride in an organic solvent. The contactors employed in the separation cascade can be liquid-liquid exchange columns (such as pulsed columns with sieve plates) or liquid centrifugal contactors. Chemical conversions (oxidation and reduction) are required at both ends of the separation cascade in order to provide for the reflux requirements at each end. A major design concern is to avoid contamination of the process streams with certain metal ions. Plastic, plastic-lined (including use of fluorocarbon polymers) and/or glass-lined columns and piping are therefore used.

In the solid-liquid ion-exchange process, enrichment is accomplished by uranium adsorption/desorption on a special, very fast-acting, ion-exchange resin or adsorbent. A solution of uranium in hydrochloric acid and other chemical agents is passed through cylindrical enrichment columns containing packed beds of the adsorbent. For a continuous process, a reflux system is necessary to release the uranium from the adsorbent back into the liquid flow so that “product” and “tails” can be collected. This is accomplished with the use of suitable reduction/oxidation chemical agents that are fully regenerated in separate external circuits and that may be partially regenerated within the isotopic separation columns themselves. The presence of hot concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions in the process requires that the equipment be made of or protected by special corrosion-resistant materials.

5.6.1.   Liquid-liquid exchange columns (Chemical exchange)

Countercurrent liquid-liquid exchange columns having mechanical power input, especially designed or prepared for uranium enrichment using the chemical exchange process. For corrosion resistance to concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions, these columns and their internals are normally made of or protected by suitable plastic materials (such as fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers) or glass. The stage residence time of the columns is normally designed to be 30 seconds or less.

5.6.2.   Liquid-liquid centrifugal contactors (Chemical exchange)

Liquid-liquid centrifugal contactors especially designed or prepared for uranium enrichment using the chemical exchange process. Such contactors use rotation to achieve dispersion of the organic and aqueous streams and then centrifugal force to separate the phases. For corrosion resistance to concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions, the contactors are normally made of or protected by suitable plastic materials (such as fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers) or glass. The stage residence time of the centrifugal contactors is normally designed to be 30 seconds or less.

5.6.3.   Uranium reduction systems and equipment (Chemical exchange)

(a)

Especially designed or prepared electrochemical reduction cells to reduce uranium from one valence state to another for uranium enrichment using the chemical exchange process. The cell materials in contact with process solutions must be corrosion resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The cell cathodic compartment must be designed to prevent re-oxidation of uranium to its higher valence state. To keep the uranium in the cathodic compartment, the cell may have an impervious diaphragm membrane constructed of special cation exchange material. The cathode consists of a suitable solid conductor such as graphite.

(b)

Especially designed or prepared systems at the product end of the cascade for taking the U+4 out of the organic stream, adjusting the acid concentration and feeding to the electrochemical reduction cells.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems consist of solvent extraction equipment for stripping the U+4 from the organic stream into an aqueous solution, evaporation and/or other equipment to accomplish solution pH adjustment and control, and pumps or other transfer devices for feeding to the electrochemical reduction cells. A major design concern is to avoid contamination of the aqueous stream with certain metal ions. Consequently, for those parts in contact with the process stream, the system is constructed of equipment made of or protected by suitable materials (such as glass, fluorocarbon polymers, polyphenyl sulfate, polyether sulfone, and resin- impregnated graphite).

5.6.4.   Feed preparation systems (Chemical exchange)

Especially designed or prepared systems for producing high-purity uranium chloride feed solutions for chemical exchange uranium isotope separation plants.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems consist of dissolution, solvent extraction and/or ion exchange equipment for purification and electrolytic cells for reducing the uranium U+6 or U+4 to U+3. These systems produce uranium chloride solutions having only a few parts per million of metallic impurities such as chromium, iron, vanadium, molybdenum and other bivalent or higher multi-valent cations. Materials of construction for portions of the system processing high-purity U+3 include glass, fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers, polyphenyl sulfate or polyether sulfone plastic-lined and resin-impregnated graphite.

5.6.5.   Uranium oxidation systems (Chemical exchange)

Especially designed or prepared systems for oxidation of U+3 to U+4 for return to the uranium isotope separation cascade in the chemical exchange enrichment process.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems may incorporate equipment such as:

(a)

Equipment for contacting chlorine and oxygen with the aqueous effluent from the isotope separation equipment and extracting the resultant U+4 into the stripped organic stream returning from the product end of the cascade,

(b)

Equipment that separates water from hydrochloric acid so that the water and the concentrated hydrochloric acid may be reintroduced to the process at the proper locations.

5.6.6.   Fast-reacting ion exchange resins/adsorbents (Ion exchange)

Fast-reacting ion-exchange resins or adsorbents especially designed or prepared for uranium enrichment using the ion exchange process, including porous macroreticular resins, and/or pellicular structures in which the active chemical exchange groups are limited to a coating on the surface of an inactive porous support structure, and other composite structures in any suitable form including particles or fibres. These ion exchange resins/adsorbents have diameters of 0.2 mm or less and must be chemically resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions as well as physically strong enough so as not to degrade in the exchange columns. The resins/adsorbents are especially designed to achieve very fast uranium isotope exchange kinetics (exchange rate half-time of less than 10 seconds) and are capable of operating at a temperature in the range of 373 K (100 °C) to 473 K (200 °C).

5.6.7.   Ion exchange columns (Ion exchange)

Cylindrical columns greater than 1 000 mm in diameter for containing and supporting packed beds of ion exchange resin/adsorbent, especially designed or prepared for uranium enrichment using the ion exchange process. These columns are made of or protected by materials (such as titanium or fluorocarbon plastics) resistant to corrosion by concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions and are capable of operating at a temperature in the range of 373 K (100 °C) to 473 K (200 °C) and pressures above 0.7 MPa.

5.6.8.   Ion exchange reflux systems (Ion exchange)

(a)

Especially designed or prepared chemical or electrochemical reduction systems for regeneration of the chemical reducing agent(s) used in ion exchange uranium enrichment cascades.

(b)

Especially designed or prepared chemical or electrochemical oxidation systems for regeneration of the chemical oxidizing agent(s) used in ion exchange uranium enrichment cascades.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The ion exchange enrichment process may use, for example, trivalent titanium (Ti+3) as a reducing cation in which case the reduction system would regenerate Ti+3 by reducing Ti+4.

The process may use, for example, trivalent iron (Fe+3) as an oxidant in which case the oxidation system would regenerate Fe+3 by oxidizing Fe+2.

5.7.   Especially designed or prepared systems, equipment and components for use in laser-based enrichment plants.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Present systems for enrichment processes using lasers fall into two categories: those in which the process medium is atomic uranium vapour and those in which the process medium is the vapour of a uranium compound, sometimes mixed with another gas or gases. Common nomenclature for such processes include:

first category — atomic vapour laser isotope separation;

second category — molecular laser isotope separation, including chemical reaction by isotope selective laser activation.

The systems, equipment and components for laser enrichment plants embrace: (a) devices to feed uranium-metal vapour (for selective photo-ionization) or devices to feed the vapour of a uranium compound (for selective photo-dissociation or selective excitation/activation); (b) devices to collect enriched and depleted uranium metal as “product” and “tails” in the first category, and devices to collect enriched and depleted uranium compounds as “product” and “tails” in the second category; (c) process laser systems to selectively excite the uranium-235 species; and (d) feed preparation and product conversion equipment. The complexity of the spectroscopy of uranium atoms and compounds may require incorporation of any of a number of available laser and laser optics technologies.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Many of the items listed in this section come into direct contact with uranium metal vapour or liquid or with process gas consisting of UF6 or a mixture of UF6 and other gases. All surfaces that come into direct contact with the uranium or UF6 are wholly made of or protected by corrosion-resistant materials. For the purposes of the section relating to laser-based enrichment items, the materials resistant to corrosion by the vapour or liquid of uranium metal or uranium alloys include yttria-coated graphite and tantalum; and the materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 include copper, copper alloys, stainless steel, aluminium, aluminium oxide, aluminium alloys, nickel or alloys containing 60 % or more nickel by weight and fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers.

5.7.1.   Uranium vaporization systems (atomic vapour based methods)

Especially designed or prepared uranium metal vaporization systems for use in laser enrichment.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems may contain electron beam guns and are designed to achieve a delivered power (1 kW or greater) on the target sufficient to generate uranium metal vapour at a rate required for the laser enrichment function.

5.7.2.   Liquid or vapour uranium metal handling systems and components (atomic vapour based methods)

Especially designed or prepared systems for handling molten uranium, molten uranium alloys or uranium metal vapour for use in laser enrichment or especially designed or prepared components therefore.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The liquid uranium metal handling systems may consist of crucibles and cooling equipment for the crucibles. The crucibles and other parts of this system that come into contact with molten uranium, molten uranium alloys or uranium metal vapour are made of or protected by materials of suitable corrosion and heat resistance. Suitable materials may include tantalum, yttria-coated graphite, graphite coated with other rare earth oxides (see INFCIRC/254/Part 2 — (as amended)) or mixtures thereof.

5.7.3.   Uranium metal “product” and “tails” collector assemblies (atomic vapour based methods)

Especially designed or prepared “product” and “tails” collector assemblies for uranium metal in liquid or solid form.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Components for these assemblies are made of or protected by materials resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium metal vapour or liquid (such as yttria-coated graphite or tantalum) and may include pipes, valves, fittings, “gutters”, feed-throughs, heat exchangers and collector plates for magnetic, electrostatic or other separation methods.

5.7.4.   Separator module housings (atomic vapour based methods)

Especially designed or prepared cylindrical or rectangular vessels for containing the uranium metal vapour source, the electron beam gun, and the “product” and “tails” collectors.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These housings have multiplicity of ports for electrical and water feed-throughs, laser beam windows, vacuum pump connections and instrumentation diagnostics and monitoring. They have provisions for opening and closure to allow refurbishment of internal components.

5.7.5.   Supersonic expansion nozzles (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared supersonic expansion nozzles for cooling mixtures of UF6 and carrier gas to 150 K (– 123 °C) or less and which are corrosion resistant to UF6.

5.7.6.   “Product” or “tails” collectors (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared components or devices for collecting uranium product material or uranium tails material following illumination with laser light.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

In one example of molecular laser isotope separation, the product collectors serve to collect enriched uranium pentafluoride (UF5) solid material. The product collectors may consist of filter, impact, or cyclone-type collectors, or combinations thereof, and must be corrosion resistant to the UF5/UF6 environment.

5.7.7.   UF6/carrier gas compressors (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared compressors for UF6/carrier gas mixtures, designed for long term operation in a UF6 environment. The components of these compressors that come into contact with process gas are made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6.

5.7.8.   Rotary shaft seals (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared rotary shaft seals, with seal feed and seal exhaust connections, for sealing the shaft connecting the compressor rotor with the driver motor so as to ensure a reliable seal against out-leakage of process gas or in-leakage of air or seal gas into the inner chamber of the compressor which is filled with a UF6/carrier gas mixture.

5.7.9.   Fluorination systems (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared systems for fluorinating UF5 (solid) to UF6 (gas).

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems are designed to fluorinate the collected UF5 powder to UF6 for subsequent collection in product containers or for transfer as feed for additional enrichment. In one approach, the fluorination reaction may be accomplished within the isotope separation system to react and recover directly off the “product” collectors. In another approach, the UF5 powder may be removed/transferred from the “product” collectors into a suitable reaction vessel (e.g., fluidized-bed reactor, screw reactor or flame tower) for fluorination. In both approaches, equipment for storage and transfer of fluorine (or other suitable fluorinating agents) and for collection and transfer of UF6 are used.

5.7.10.   UF6 mass spectrometers/ion sources (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared mass spectrometers capable of taking on-line samples from UF6 gas streams and having all of the following:

1.

Capable of measuring ions of 320 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 1 part in 320;

2.

Ion sources constructed of or protected by nickel, nickel-copper alloys with a nickel content of 60 % or more by weight, or nickel-chrome alloys;

3.

Electron bombardment ionization sources;

4.

Having a collector system suitable for isotopic analysis.

5.7.11.   Feed systems/product and tails withdrawal systems (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared process systems or equipment for enrichment plants made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6, including:

(a)

Feed autoclaves, ovens, or systems used for passing UF6 to the enrichment process;

(b)

Desublimers (or cold traps) used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process for subsequent transfer upon heating;

(c)

Solidification or liquefaction stations used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process by compressing and converting UF6 to a liquid or solid form;

(d)

“Product” or “tails” stations used for transferring UF6 into containers.

5.7.12.   UF6/carrier gas separation systems (molecular based methods)

Especially designed or prepared process systems for separating UF6 from carrier gas.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems may incorporate equipment such as:

(a)

Cryogenic heat exchangers or cryoseparators capable of temperatures of 153 K (– 120 °C) or less, or

(b)

Cryogenic refrigeration units capable of temperatures of 153 K (– 120 °C) or less, or

(c)

UF6 cold traps capable of freezing out UF6.

The carrier gas may be nitrogen, argon, or other gas.

5.7.13.   Laser systems

Lasers or laser systems especially designed or prepared for the separation of uranium isotopes.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The lasers and laser components of importance in laser-based enrichment processes include those identified in INFCIRC/254/Part 2 — (as amended). The laser system typically contains both optical and electronic components for the management of the laser beam (or beams) and the transmission to the isotope separation chamber. The laser system for atomic vapour based methods usually consists of tunable dye lasers pumped by another type of laser (e.g., copper vapour lasers or certain solid-state lasers). The laser system for molecular based methods may consist of CO2 lasers or excimer lasers and a multi-pass optical cell. Lasers or laser systems for both methods require spectrum frequency stabilization for operation over extended periods of time.

5.8.   Especially designed or prepared systems, equipment and components for use in plasma separation enrichment plants.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

In the plasma separation process, a plasma of uranium ions passes through an electric field tuned to the 235U ion resonance frequency so that they preferentially absorb energy and increase the diameter of their corkscrew-like orbits. Ions with a large- diameter path are trapped to produce a product enriched in 235U. The plasma, which is made by ionizing uranium vapour, is contained in a vacuum chamber with a high- strength magnetic field produced by a superconducting magnet. The main technological systems of the process include the uranium plasma generation system, the separator module with superconducting magnet (see INFCIRC/254/Part 2 — (as amended)), and metal removal systems for the collection of “product” and “tails”.

5.8.1.   Microwave power sources and antennae

Especially designed or prepared microwave power sources and antennae for producing or accelerating ions and having the following characteristics: greater than 30 GHz frequency and greater than 50 kW mean power output for ion production.

5.8.2.   Ion excitation coils

Especially designed or prepared radio frequency ion excitation coils for frequencies of more than 100 kHz and capable of handling more than 40 kW mean power.

5.8.3.   Uranium plasma generation systems

Especially designed or prepared systems for the generation of uranium plasma for use in plasma separation plants.

5.8.4.   [No longer used — since 14 June 2013]

5.8.5.   Uranium metal “product” and “tails” collector assemblies

Especially designed or prepared “product” and “tails” collector assemblies for uranium metal in solid form. These collector assemblies are made of or protected by materials resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium metal vapor, such as yttria-coated graphite or tantalum.

5.8.6.   Separator module housings

Cylindrical vessels especially designed or prepared for use in plasma separation enrichment plants for containing the uranium plasma source, radio-frequency drive coil and the “product” and “tails” collectors.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These housings have a multiplicity of ports for electrical feed-throughs, diffusion pump connections and instrumentation diagnostics and monitoring. They have provisions for opening and closure to allow for refurbishment of internal components and are constructed of a suitable non-magnetic material such as stainless steel.

5.9.   Especially designed or prepared systems, equipment and components for use in electromagnetic enrichment plants.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

In the electromagnetic process, uranium metal ions produced by ionization of a salt feed material (typically UCl4) are accelerated and passed through a magnetic field that has the effect of causing the ions of different isotopes to follow different paths. The major components of an electromagnetic isotope separator include: a magnetic field for ion-beam diversion/separation of the isotopes, an ion source with its acceleration system, and a collection system for the separated ions. Auxiliary systems for the process include the magnet power supply system, the ion source high-voltage power supply system, the vacuum system, and extensive chemical handling systems for recovery of product and cleaning/recycling of components.

5.9.1.   Electromagnetic isotope separators

Electromagnetic isotope separators especially designed or prepared for the separation of uranium isotopes, and equipment and components therefor, including:

(a)

Ion sources

Especially designed or prepared single or multiple uranium ion sources consisting of a vapour source, ionizer, and beam accelerator, constructed of suitable materials such as graphite, stainless steel, or copper, and capable of providing a total ion beam current of 50 mA or greater.

(b)

Ion collectors

Collector plates consisting of two or more slits and pockets especially designed or prepared for collection of enriched and depleted uranium ion beams and constructed of suitable materials such as graphite or stainless steel.

(c)

Vacuum housings

Especially designed or prepared vacuum housings for uranium electromagnetic separators, constructed of suitable non-magnetic materials such as stainless steel and designed for operation at pressures of 0.1 Pa or lower.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The housings are specially designed to contain the ion sources, collector plates and water-cooled liners and have provision for diffusion pump connections and opening and closure for removal and reinstallation of these components.

(d)

Magnet pole pieces

Especially designed or prepared magnet pole pieces having a diameter greater than 2 m used to maintain a constant magnetic field within an electromagnetic isotope separator and to transfer the magnetic field between adjoining separators.

5.9.2.   High voltage power supplies

Especially designed or prepared high-voltage power supplies for ion sources, having all of the following characteristics: capable of continuous operation, output voltage of 20 000 V or greater, output current of 1 A or greater, and voltage regulation of better than 0.01 % over a time period of 8 hours.

5.9.3.   Magnet power supplies

Especially designed or prepared high-power, direct current magnet power supplies having all of the following characteristics: capable of continuously producing a current output of 500 A or greater at a voltage of 100 V or greater and with a current or voltage regulation better than 0.01 % over a period of 8 hours.

6.   Plants for the production or concentration of heavy water, deuterium and deuterium compounds and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Heavy water can be produced by a variety of processes. However, the two processes that have proven to be commercially viable are the water-hydrogen sulphide exchange process (GS process) and the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process.

The GS process is based upon the exchange of hydrogen and deuterium between water and hydrogen sulphide within a series of towers which are operated with the top section cold and the bottom section hot. Water flows down the towers while the hydrogen sulphide gas circulates from the bottom to the top of the towers. A series of perforated trays are used to promote mixing between the gas and the water. Deuterium migrates to the water at low temperatures and to the hydrogen sulphide at high temperatures. Gas or water, enriched in deuterium, is removed from the first stage towers at the junction of the hot and cold sections and the process is repeated in subsequent stage towers. The product of the last stage, water enriched up to 30 % in deuterium, is sent to a distillation unit to produce reactor grade heavy water; i.e. 99.75 % deuterium oxide.

The ammonia-hydrogen exchange process can extract deuterium from synthesis gas through contact with liquid ammonia in the presence of a catalyst. The synthesis gas is fed into exchange towers and to an ammonia converter. Inside the towers the gas flows from the bottom to the top while the liquid ammonia flows from the top to the bottom. The deuterium is stripped from the hydrogen in the synthesis gas and concentrated in the ammonia. The ammonia then flows into an ammonia cracker at the bottom of the tower while the gas flows into an ammonia converter at the top. Further enrichment takes place in subsequent stages and reactor grade heavy water is produced through final distillation. The synthesis gas feed can be provided by an ammonia plant that, in turn, can be constructed in association with a heavy water ammonia-hydrogen exchange plant. The ammonia-hydrogen exchange process can also use ordinary water as a feed source of deuterium.

Many of the key equipment items for heavy water production plants using GS or the ammonia-hydrogen exchange processes are common to several segments of the chemical and petroleum industries. This is particularly so for small plants using the GS process. However, few of the items are available “off-the-shelf”. The GS and ammonia-hydrogen processes require the handling of large quantities of flammable, corrosive and toxic fluids at elevated pressures. Accordingly, in establishing the design and operating standards for plants and equipment using these processes, careful attention to the materials selection and specifications is required to ensure long service life with high safety and reliability factors. The choice of scale is primarily a function of economics and need. Thus, most of the equipment items would be prepared according to the requirements of the customer.

Finally, it should be noted that, in both the GS and the ammonia-hydrogen exchange processes, items of equipment which individually are not especially designed or prepared for heavy water production can be assembled into systems which are especially designed or prepared for producing heavy water. The catalyst production system used in the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process and water distillation systems used for the final concentration of heavy water to reactor-grade in either process are examples of such systems.

The items of equipment which are especially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water utilizing either the water-hydrogen sulphide exchange process or the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process include the following:

6.1.   Water — Hydrogen Sulphide Exchange Towers

Exchange towers with diameters of 1.5 m or greater and capable of operating at pressures greater than or equal to 2 MPa (300 psi), especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the water-hydrogen sulphide exchange process.

6.2.   Blowers and Compressors

Single stage, low head (i.e., 0.2 MPa or 30 psi) centrifugal blowers or compressors for hydrogen-sulphide gas circulation (i.e., gas containing more than 70 % H2S) especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the water-hydrogen sulphide exchange process. These blowers or compressors have a throughput capacity greater than or equal to 56 m3/second (120 000 SCFM) while operating at pressures greater than or equal to 1.8 MPa (260 psi) suction and have seals designed for wet H2S service.

6.3.   Ammonia-Hydrogen Exchange Towers

Ammonia-hydrogen exchange towers greater than or equal to 35 m (114.3 ft) in height with diameters of 1.5 m (4.9 ft) to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) capable of operating at pressures greater than 15 MPa (2 225 psi) especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process. These towers also have at least one flanged, axial opening of the same diameter as the cylindrical part through which the tower internals can be inserted or withdrawn.

6.4.   Tower Internals and Stage Pumps

Tower internals and stage pumps especially designed or prepared for towers for heavy water production utilizing the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process. Tower internals include especially designed stage contactors which promote intimate gas/liquid contact. Stage pumps include especially designed submersible pumps for circulation of liquid ammonia within a contacting stage internal to the stage towers.

6.5.   Ammonia Crackers

Ammonia crackers with operating pressures greater than or equal to 3 MPa (450 psi) especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the ammonia- hydrogen exchange process.

6.6.   Infrared Absorption Analyzers

Infrared absorption analyzers capable of “on-line” hydrogen/deuterium ratio analysis where deuterium concentrations are equal to or greater than 90 %.

6.7.   Catalytic Burners

Catalytic burners for the conversion of enriched deuterium gas into heavy water especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the ammonia- hydrogen exchange process.

6.8.   Complete heavy water upgrade systems or columns therefor

Complete heavy water upgrade systems, or columns therefor, especially designed or prepared for the upgrade of heavy water to reactor-grade deuterium concentration.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These systems, which usually employ water distillation to separate heavy water from light water, are especially designed or prepared to produce reactor-grade heavy water (i.e., typically 99.75 % deuterium oxide) from heavy water feedstock of lesser concentration.

6.9.   Ammonia synthesis converters or synthesis units

Ammonia synthesis converters or synthesis units especially designed or prepared for heavy water production utilizing the ammonia-hydrogen exchange process.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

These converters or units take synthesis gas (nitrogen and hydrogen) from an ammonia/hydrogen high-pressure exchange column (or columns), and the synthesized ammonia is returned to the exchange column (or columns).

7.   Plants for the conversion of uranium and plutonium for use in the fabrication of fuel elements and the separation of uranium isotopes as defined in sections 4 and 5 respectively, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

EXPORTS

The export of the whole set of major items within this boundary will take place only in accordance with the procedures of the Guidelines. All of the plants, systems, and especially designed or prepared equipment within this boundary can be used for the processing, production, or use of special fissionable material.

7.1.   Plants for the conversion of uranium and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Uranium conversion plants and systems may perform one or more transformations from one uranium chemical species to another, including: conversion of uranium ore concentrates to UO3, conversion of UO3 to UO2, conversion of uranium oxides to UF4, UF6, or UCl4, conversion of UF4 to UF6, conversion of UF6 to UF4, conversion of UF4 to uranium metal, and conversion of uranium fluorides to UO2. Many of the key equipment items for uranium conversion plants are common to several segments of the chemical process industry. For example, the types of equipment employed in these processes may include: furnaces, rotary kilns, fluidized bed reactors, flame tower reactors, liquid centrifuges, distillation columns and liquid-liquid extraction columns. However, few of the items are available “off-the-shelf”; most would be prepared according to the requirements and specifications of the customer. In some instances, special design and construction considerations are required to address the corrosive properties of some of the chemicals handled (HF, F2, CIF3, and uranium fluorides) as well as nuclear criticality concerns. Finally, it should be noted that, in all of the uranium conversion processes, items of equipment which individually are not especially designed or prepared for uranium conversion can be assembled into systems which are especially designed or prepared for use in uranium conversion.

7.1.1.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of uranium ore concentrates to UO3

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of uranium ore concentrates to UO3 can be performed by first dissolving the ore in nitric acid and extracting purified uranyl nitrate using a solvent such as tributyl phosphate. Next, the uranyl nitrate is converted to UO3 either by concentration and denitration or by neutralization with gaseous ammonia to produce ammonium diuranate with subsequent filtering, drying, and calcining.

7.1.2.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UO3 to UF6

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UO3 to UF6 can be performed directly by fluorination. The process requires a source of fluorine gas or chlorine trifluoride.

7.1.3.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UO3 to UO2

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UO3 to UO2 can be performed through reduction of UO3 with cracked ammonia gas or hydrogen.

7.1.4.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UO2 to UF4

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UO2 to UF4 can be performed by reacting UO2 with hydrogen fluoride gas (HF) at 300-500 °C.

7.1.5.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UF4 to UF6

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UF4 to UF6 is performed by exothermic reaction with fluorine in a tower reactor. UF6 is condensed from the hot effluent gases by passing the effluent stream through a cold trap cooled to – 10 °C. The process requires a source of fluorine gas.

7.1.6.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UF4 to U metal

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UF4 to U metal is performed by reduction with magnesium (large batches) or calcium (small batches). The reaction is carried out at temperatures above the melting point of uranium (1 130 °C).

7.1.7.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UF6 to UO2

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UF6 to UO2 can be performed by one of three processes. In the first, UF6 is reduced and hydrolyzed to UO2 using hydrogen and steam. In the second, UF6 is hydrolyzed by solution in water, ammonia is added to precipitate ammonium diuranate, and the diuranate is reduced to UO2 with hydrogen at 820 °C. In the third process, gaseous UF6, CO2, and NH3 are combined in water, precipitating ammonium uranyl carbonate. The ammonium uranyl carbonate is combined with steam and hydrogen at 500-600 °C to yield UO2.

UF6 to UO2 conversion is often performed as the first stage of a fuel fabrication plant.

7.1.8.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UF6 to UF4

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UF6 to UF4 is performed by reduction with hydrogen.

7.1.9.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of UO2 to UCl4

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Conversion of UO2 to UCl4 can be performed by one of two processes. In the first, UO2 is reacted with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) at approximately 400 °C. In the second, UO2 is reacted at approximately 700 °C in the presence of carbon black (CAS 1333-86-4), carbon monoxide, and chlorine to yield UCl4.

7.2.   Plants for the conversion of plutonium and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Plutonium conversion plants and systems perform one or more transformations from one plutonium chemical species to another, including: conversion of plutonium nitrate to PuO2, conversion of PuO2 to PuF4, and conversion of PuF4 to plutonium metal. Plutonium conversion plants are usually associated with reprocessing facilities, but may also be associated with plutonium fuel fabrication facilities. Many of the key equipment items for plutonium conversion plants are common to several segments of the chemical process industry. For example, the types of equipment employed in these processes may include: furnaces, rotary kilns, fluidized bed reactors, flame tower reactors, liquid centrifuges, distillation columns and liquid-liquid extraction columns. Hot cells, glove boxes and remote manipulators may also be required. However, few of the items are available “off-the-shelf”; most would be prepared according to the requirements and specifications of the customer. Particular care in designing for the special radiological, toxicity and criticality hazards associated with plutonium is essential. In some instances, special design and construction considerations are required to address the corrosive properties of some of the chemicals handled (e.g. HF). Finally, it should be noted that, for all plutonium conversion processes, items of equipment which individually are not especially designed or prepared for plutonium conversion can be assembled into systems which are especially designed or prepared for use in plutonium conversion.

7.2.1.   Especially designed or prepared systems for the conversion of plutonium nitrate to oxide

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The main functions involved in this process are: process feed storage and adjustment, precipitation and solid/liquor separation, calcination, product handling, ventilation, waste management, and process control. The process systems are particularly adapted so as to avoid criticality and radiation effects and to minimize toxicity hazards. In most reprocessing facilities, this process involves the conversion of plutonium nitrate to plutonium dioxide. Other processes can involve the precipitation of plutonium oxalate or plutonium peroxide.

7.2.2.   Especially designed or prepared systems for plutonium metal production

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This process usually involves the fluorination of plutonium dioxide, normally with highly corrosive hydrogen fluoride, to produce plutonium fluoride which is subsequently reduced using high purity calcium metal to produce metallic plutonium and a calcium fluoride slag. The main functions involved in this process are fluorination (e.g. involving equipment fabricated or lined with a precious metal), metal reduction (e.g. employing ceramic crucibles), slag recovery, product handling, ventilation, waste management and process control. The process systems are particularly adapted so as to avoid criticality and radiation effects and to minimize toxicity hazards. Other processes include the fluorination of plutonium oxalate or plutonium peroxide followed by a reduction to metal.

ANNEX C

CRITERIA FOR LEVELS OF PHYSICAL PROTECTION

1.

The purpose of physical protection of nuclear materials is to prevent unauthorized use and handling of these materials. Paragraph 3(a) of the Guidelines document calls for effective physical protection levels consistent with the relevant IAEA recommendations, in particular those set out in INFCIRC/225.

2.

Paragraph 3(b) of the Guidelines document states that implementation of measures of physical protection in the recipient country is the responsibility of the Government of that country. However, the levels of physical protection on which these measures have to be based should be the subject of an agreement between supplier and recipient. In this context these requirements should apply to all States.

3.

The document INFCIRC/225 of the International Atomic Energy Agency entitled “The Physical Protection of Nuclear Material” and similar documents which from time to time are prepared by international groups of experts and updated as appropriate to account for changes in the state of the art and state of knowledge with regard to physical protection of nuclear material are a useful basis for guiding recipient States in designing a system of physical protection measures and procedures.

4.

The categorization of nuclear material presented in the attached table or as it may be updated from time to time by mutual agreement of suppliers shall serve as the agreed basis for designating specific levels of physical protection in relation to the type of materials, and equipment and facilities containing these materials, pursuant to paragraph 3(a) and 3(b) of the Guidelines document.

5.

The agreed levels of physical protection to be ensured by the competent national authorities in the use, storage and transportation of the materials listed in the attached table shall as a minimum include protection characteristics as follows:

CATEGORY III

Use and Storage within an area to which access in controlled.

Transportation under special precautions including prior arrangements among sender, recipient and carrier, and prior agreement between entities subject to the jurisdiction and regulation of supplier and recipient States, respectively, in case of international transport, specifying time, place and procedures for transferring transport responsibility.

CATEGORY II

Use and Storage within a protected area to which access is controlled, i.e., an area under constant surveillance by guards or electronic devices, surrounded by a physical barrier with a limited number of points of entry under appropriate control, or any area with an equivalent level of physical protection.

Transportation under special precautions including prior arrangements among sender, recipient, and carrier, and prior agreement between entities subject to the jurisdiction and regulation of supplier and recipient States, respectively, in case of international transport, specifying time, place and procedures for transferring transport responsibility.

CATEGORY I

Materials in this category shall be protected with highly reliable systems against unauthorized use as follows:

 

Use and storage within a highly protected area, i.e., a protected area as defined for Category II above, to which, in addition, access is restricted to person whose trustworthiness has been determined, and which is under surveillance by guards who are in close communication with appropriate response forces. Specific measures taken in this context should have as their objective the detection and prevention of any assault, unauthorized access or unauthorized removal of material.

 

Transportation under special precautions as identified above for transportation of Category II and III materials and, in addition, under constant surveillance by escorts and under conditions which assure close communication with appropriate response forces.

6.

Suppliers should request identification by recipients of those agencies or authorities having responsibility for ensuring that levels of protection are adequately met and having responsibility for internally co-ordinating response/recovery operations in the event of unauthorized use or handling of protected materials. Suppliers and recipients should also designate points of contact within their national authorities to co-operate on matters of out-of-country transportation and other matters of mutual concern.

TABLE: CATEGORIZATION OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL

Material

Form

Category

I

II

III

1.

Plutonium*[a]

Unirradiated*[b]

2 kg or more

Less than 2 kg but more than 500 g

500 g or less*[c]

2.

Uranium-235

Unirradiated*[b]

 

 

 

uranium enriched to 20 % 235U or more

5 kg or more

Less than 5 kg but more than 1 kg

1 kg or less*[c]

uranium enriched to 10 % 235U but less than 20 %

10 kg or more

Less than 10 kg*[c]

uranium enriched above natural, but less than 10 % 235U*[d]

10 kg or more

3.

Uranium-233

Unirradiated*[b]

2 kg or more

Less than 2 kg but more than 500 g

500 g or less*[c]

4.

Irradiated fuel

 

 

Depleted or natural uranium, thorium or low-enriched fuel (less than 10 % fissile content)*[e][f]

 

[a]

As identified in the Trigger List.

[b]

Material not irradiated in a reactor or material irradiated in a reactor but with a radiation level equal to or less than 100 rads/hour at one metre unshielded.

[c]

Less than a radiologically significant quantity should be exempted.

[d]

Natural uranium, depleted uranium, and thorium and quantities of uranium enriched to less than 10 % not falling in Category III should be protected in accordance with prudent management practice.

[e]

Although this level of protection is recommended, it would be open to States, upon evaluation of the specific circumstances, to assign a different category of physical protection.

[f]

Other fuel which by virtue of its original fissile material content is classified as Category I or II before irradiation may be reduced one category levels while the radiation level from the fuel exceed 100 rads/hour at tone metre unshielded.

NSG Part II

LIST OF NUCLEAR-RELATED DUAL-USE EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, SOFTWARE, AND RELATED TECHNOLOGY

Note:

The International System of Units (SI) is used in this Annex. In all cases the physical quantity defined in SI units should be considered the official recommended control value. However, some machine tool parameters are given in their customary units, which are not SI.

Commonly used abbreviations (and their prefixes denoting size) in this Annex are as follows:

A

ampere(s)

Bq

becquerel(s)

°C

degree(s) Celsius

CAS

chemical abstracts service

Ci

curie(s)

cm

centimeter(s)

dB

decibel(s)

dBm

decibel referred to 1 milliwatt

g

gram(s); also, acceleration of gravity (9.81 m/s2)

GBq

gigabecquerel(s)

GHz

gigahertz

GPa

gigapascal(s)

Gy

gray

h

hour(s)

Hz

hertz

J

joule(s)

K

kelvin

keV

thousand electron volt(s)

kg

kilogram(s)

kHz

kilohertz

kN

kilonewton(s)

kPa

kilopascal(s)

kV

kilovolt(s)

kW

kilowatt(s)

m

meter(s)

mA

milliampere(s)

MeV

million electron volt(s)

MHz

megahertz

ml

milliliter(s)

mm

millimeter(s)

MPa

megapascal(s)

mPa

millipascal(s)

MW

megawatt(s)

μF

microfarad(s)

μm

micrometer(s)

μs

microsecond(s)

N

newton(s)

nm

nanometer(s)

ns

nanosecond(s)

nH

nanohenry(ies)

ps

picosecond(s)

RMS

root mean square

rpm

revolutions per minute

s

second(s)

T

tesla(s)

TIR

total indicator reading

V

volt(s)

W

watt(s)

GENERAL NOTE

The following paragraphs are applied to the List of Nuclear-Related Dual-Use Equipment, Material, Software, and Related Technology.

1.

The description of any item on the List includes that item in either new or second-hand condition.

2.

When the description of any item on the List contains no qualifications or specifications, it is regarded as including all varieties of that item. Category captions are only for convenience in reference and do not affect the interpretation of item definitions.

3.

The object of these controls should not be defeated by the transfer of any non-controlled item (including plants) containing one or more controlled components when the controlled component or components are the principal element of the item and can feasibly be removed or used for other purposes.

Note:

In judging whether the controlled component or components are to be considered the principal element, governments should weigh the factors of quantity, value, and technological know-how involved and other special circumstances which might establish the controlled component or components as the principal element of the item being procured.

4.

The object of these controls should not be defeated by the transfer of component parts. Each government will take such action as it can to achieve this aim and will continue to seek a workable definition for component parts, which could be used by all the suppliers.

TECHNOLOGY CONTROLS

The transfer of “technology” is controlled according to the Guidelines and as described in each section of the Annex. “Technology” directly associated with any item in the Annex will be subject to as great a degree of scrutiny and control as will the item itself, to the extent permitted by national legislation.

The approval of any Annex item for export also authorizes the export to the same end user of the minimum “technology” required for the installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of the item.

Note:

Controls on “technology” transfer do not apply to information “in the public domain” or to “basic scientific research”.

GENERAL SOFTWARE NOTE

The transfer of “software” is controlled according to the Guidelines and as described in the Annex.

Note:

Controls on “software” transfers do not apply to “software” as follows:

1.

Generally available to the public by being:

a.

Sold from stock at retail selling points without restriction; and

b.

Designed for installation by the user without further substantial support by the supplier;

or

2.

“In the public domain”.

DEFINITIONS

“Accuracy”— Usually measured in terms of inaccuracy, defined as the maximum deviation, positive or negative, of an indicated value from an accepted standard or true value.

“Angular position deviation”— The maximum difference between angular position and the actual, very accurately measured angular position after the workpiece mount of the table has been turned out of its initial position.

“Basic scientific research”— Experimental or theoretical work undertaken principally to acquire new knowledge of the fundamental principles of phenomena and observable facts, not primarily directed toward a specific practical aim or objective.

“Contouring control”— Two or more “numerically controlled” motions operating in accordance with instructions that specify the next required position and the required feed rates to that position. These feed rates are varied in relation to each other so that a desired contour is generated. (Ref. ISO 2806-1980 as amended)

“Development”— is related to all phases before “production” such as:

design

design research

design analysis

design concepts

assembly and testing of prototypes

pilot production schemes

design data

process of transforming design data into a product

configuration design

integration design

layouts

“Fibrous or filamentary materials”— means continuous “monofilaments”, “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows” or “tapes”.

N.B.:

1.   “Filament” or “monofilament”— is the smallest increment of fiber, usually several μm in diameter.

2.   “Roving”— is a bundle (typically 12-120) of approximately parallel “strands”.

3.   “Strand”— is a bundle of “filaments” (typically over 200) arranged approximately parallel.

4.   “Tape”— is a material constructed of interlaced or unidirectional “filaments”, “strands”, “rovings”, “tows” or “yarns”, etc., usually preimpregnated with resin.

5.   “Tow”— is a bundle of “filaments”, usually approximately parallel.

6.   “Yarn”— is a bundle of twisted “strands”.

“Filament”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“In the public domain”— “In the public domain”, as it applies herein, means “technology” or “software” that has been made available without restrictions upon its further dissemination. (Copyright restrictions do not remove “technology” or “software” from being “in the public domain”.)

“Linearity”— (Usually measured in terms of non-linearity) is the maximum deviation of the actual characteristic (average of upscale and downscale readings), positive or negative, from a straight line so positioned as to equalize and minimize the maximum deviations.

“Measurement uncertainty”— The characteristic parameter which specifies in what range around the output value the correct value of the measurable variable lies with a confidence level of 95 %. It includes the uncorrected systematic deviations, the uncorrected backlash, and the random deviations.

“Microprogram”— A sequence of elementary instructions, maintained in a special storage, the execution of which is initiated by the introduction of its reference instruction into an instruction register.

“Monofilament”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“Numerical control”— The automatic control of a process performed by a device that makes use of numeric data usually introduced as the operation is in progress. (Ref. ISO 2382)

“Positioning accuracy”— of “numerically controlled” machine tools is to be determined and presented in accordance with Item 1.B.2., in conjunction with the requirements below:

(a)

Test conditions (ISO 230/2 (1988), paragraph 3):

(1)

For 12 hours before and during measurements, the machine tool and accuracy measuring equipment will be kept at the same ambient temperature. During the premeasurement time, the slides of the machine will be continuously cycled identically to the way they will be cycled during the accuracy measurements;

(2)

The machine shall be equipped with any mechanical, electronic, or software compensation to be exported with the machine;

(3)

Accuracy of measuring equipment for the measurements shall be at least four times more accurate than the expected machine tool accuracy;

(4)

Power supply for slide drives shall be as follows:

(i)

Line voltage variation shall not be greater than ± 10 % of nominal rated voltage;

(ii)

Frequency variation shall not be greater than ± 2 Hz of normal frequency;

(iii)

Lineouts or interrupted service are not permitted.

(b)

Test Program (paragraph 4):

(1)

Feed rate (velocity of slides) during measurement shall be the rapid traverse rate;

N.B.:

In the case of machine tools which generate optical quality surfaces, the feed rate shall be equal to or less than 50 mm per minute;

(2)

Measurements shall be made in an incremental manner from one limit of the axis travel to the other without returning to the starting position for each move to the target position;

(3)

Axes not being measured shall be retained at mid-travel during test of an axis.

(c)

Presentation of the test results (paragraph 2):

The results of the measurements must include:

(1)

“positioning accuracy” (A) and

(2)

The mean reversal error (B).

“Production”— means all production phases such as:

construction

production engineering

manufacture

integration

assembly (mounting)

inspection

testing

quality assurance

“Program”— A sequence of instructions to carry out a process in, or convertible into, a form executable by an electronic computer.

“Resolution”— The least increment of a measuring device; on digital instruments, the least significant bit. (Ref. ANSI B-89.1.12)

“Roving”— See“Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“Software”— A collection of one or more “programs” or “microprograms” fixed in any tangible medium of expression.

“Strand”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“Tape”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“Technical assistance”— “Technical assistance” may take forms such as: instruction, skills, training, working knowledge, consulting services.

Note:Technical assistance may involve transfer of technical data.

“Technical data”— “Technical data” may take forms such as blueprints, plans, diagrams, models, formulae, engineering designs and specifications, manuals and instructions written or recorded on other media or devices such as disk, tape, read-only memories.

“Technology”— means specific information required for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of any item contained in the List. This information may take the form of “technical data” or “technical assistance”.

“Tow”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

“Use”— Operation, installation (including on-site installation), maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul, and refurbishing.

“Yarn”— See “Fibrous or filamentary materials”.

ANNEX CONTENTS

1.

INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT

1.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

1.A.1.

High-density radiation shielding windows1 – 1

1.A.2.

Radiation-hardened TV cameras, or lenses therefor1 – 1

1.A.3.

Robots, “end-effectors” and control units1 – 1

1.A.4.

Remote manipulators1 – 3

1.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

1.B.1.

Flow-forming machines, spin-forming machines capable of flow- forming functions, and mandrels1 – 3

1.B.2.

Machine tools1 – 4

1.B.3.

Dimensional inspection machines, instruments, or systems1 – 6

1.B.4.

Controlled atmosphere induction furnaces, and power supplies therefor1 – 8

1.B.5.

Isostatic presses, and related equipment1 – 8

1.B.6.

Vibration test systems, equipment, and components1 – 8

1.B.7.

Vacuum or other controlled atmosphere metallurgical melting and casting furnaces and related equipment1 – 8

1.C.

MATERIALS1 – 9

1.D.

SOFTWARE1 – 9

1.D.1.

“Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of equipment1 – 9

1.D.2.

“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of equipment1 – 9

1.D.3.

“Software” for any combination of electronic devices or system enabling such device(s) to function as a “numerical control” unit for machine tools1 – 9

1.E.

TECHNOLOGY

1.E.1.

“Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software”1 – 9

2.

MATERIALS

2.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

2.A.1.

Crucibles made of materials resistant to liquid actinide metals2 – 1

2.A.2.

Platinized catalysts2 – 1

2.A.3.

Composite structures in the forms of tubes2 – 2

2.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

2.B.1.

Tritium facilities or plants, and equipment therefor2 – 2

2.B.2.

Lithium isotope separation facilities or plants, and systems and equipment therefor2 – 2

2.C.

MATERIALS

2.C.1.

Aluminium2 – 2

2.C.2.

Beryllium2 – 3

2.C.3.

Bismuth2 – 3

2.C.4.

Boron2 – 3

2.C.5.

Calcium2 – 3

2.C.6.

Chlorine trifluoride2 – 3

2.C.7.

Fibrous or filamentary materials, and prepregs2 – 3

2.C.8.

Hafnium2 – 4

2.C.9.

Lithium2 – 4

2.C.10.

Magnesium2 – 4

2.C.11.

Maraging steel2 – 4

2.C.12.

Radium-2262 – 4

2.C.13.

Titanium2 – 5

2.C.14.

Tungsten2 – 5

2.C.15.

Zirconium2 – 5

2.C.16.

Nickel powder and porous nickel metal2 – 5

2.C.17.

Tritium2 – 6

2.C.18.

Helium-32 – 6

2.C.19.

Radionuclides2 – 6

2.C.20.

Rhenium2 – 6

2.D.

SOFTWARE2 – 6

2.E.

TECHNOLOGY2 – 6

2.E.1.

“Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software”2 – 6

3.

URANIUM ISOTOPE SEPARATION EQUIPMENT AND COMPONENTS

(Other Than Trigger List Items)

3.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

3.A.1.

Frequency changers or generators3 – 1

3.A.2.

Lasers, laser amplifiers and oscillators3 – 1

3.A.3.

Valves3 – 3

3.A.4.

Superconducting solenoidal electromagnets3 – 3

3.A.5.

High-power direct current power supplies3 – 4

3.A.6.

High-voltage direct current power supplies3 – 4

3.A.7.

Pressure transducers3 – 4

3.A.8.

Vacuum pumps3 – 4

3.A.9.

Bellows-sealed scroll-type compressors and vacuum pumps3 – 5

3.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

3.B.1.

Electrolytic cells for fluorine production3 – 5

3.B.2.

Rotor fabrication or assembly equipment, rotor straightening equipment, bellows-forming mandrels and dies3 – 5

3.B.3.

Centrifugal multiplane balancing machines3 – 6

3.B.4.

Filament winding machines and related equipment3 – 6

3.B.5.

Electromagnetic isotope separators3 – 7

3.B.6.

Mass spectrometers3 – 7

3.C.

MATERIALS3 – 8

3.D.

SOFTWARE

3.D.1.

“Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of equipment3 – 8

3.D.2.

“Software” or encryption keys/codes specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment3 – 8

3.D.3.

“Software” specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment3 – 8

3.E.

TECHNOLOGY

3.E.1.

“Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software”3 – 8

4.

HEAVY WATER PRODUCTION PLANT RELATED EQUIPMENT

(Other Than Trigger List Items)

4.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

4.A.1.

Specialized packings4 – 1

4.A.2.

Pumps4 – 1

4.A.3.

Turboexpanders or turboexpander-compressor sets4 – 1

4.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

4.B.1.

Water-hydrogen sulfide exchange tray columns and internal contactors4 – 1

4.B.2.

Hydrogen-cryogenic distillation columns4 – 2

4.B.3.

[No longer used — since 14 June 2013] 4 – 2

4.C.

MATERIALS4 – 2

4.D.

SOFTWARE4 – 2

4.E.

TECHNOLOGY4 – 2

4.E.1.

“Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software”4 – 2

5.

TEST AND MEASUREMENT EQUIPMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICES

5.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

5.A.1.

Photomultiplier tubes5 – 1

5.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

5.B.1.

Flash X-ray generators or pulsed electron accelerators5 – 1

5.B.2.

High-velocity gun systems5 – 1

5.B.3.

High speed cameras and imaging devices5 – 1

5.B.4.

[No longer used — since 14 June 2013] 5 – 2

5.B.5.

Specialized instrumentation for hydrodynamic experiments5 – 2

5.B.6.

High-speed pulse generators5 – 3

5.B.7.

High explosive containment vessels5 – 3

5.C.

MATERIALS5 – 3

5.D.

SOFTWARE5 – 3

5.E.

TECHNOLOGY5 – 3

6.

COMPONENTS FOR NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICES

6.A.

EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

6.A.1.

Detonators and multipoint initiation systems6 – 1

6.A.2.

Firing sets and equivalent high-current pulse generators6 – 1

6.A.3.

Switching devices6 – 2

6.A.4.

Pulse discharge capacitors6 – 2

6.A.5.

Neutron generator systems6 – 3

6.A.6.

Striplines6 – 3

6.B.

TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT6 – 3

6.C.

MATERIALS

6.C.1.

High explosive substances or mixtures6 – 3

6.D.

SOFTWARE6 – 4

6.E.

TECHNOLOGY6 – 4

1.   INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT

1.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

1.A.1.   High-density (lead glass or other) radiation shielding windows, having all of the following characteristics, and specially designed frames therefor:

a.

A “cold area” greater than 0.09 m2;

b.

A density greater than 3 g/cm3; and

c.

A thickness of 100 mm or greater.

Technical Note:

In Item 1.A.1.a. the term “cold area” means the viewing area of the window exposed to the lowest level of radiation in the design application.

1.A.2.   Radiation-hardened TV cameras, or lenses therefor, specially designed or rated as radiation hardened to withstand a total radiation dose greater than 5 × 104 Gy (silicon) without operational degradation.

Technical Note:

The term Gy (silicon) refers to the energy in Joules per kilogram absorbed by an unshielded silicon sample when exposed to ionizing radiation.

1.A.3.   “Robots”, “end-effectors” and control units as follows:

a.

“Robots” or “end-effectors” having either of the following characteristics:

1.

Specially designed to comply with national safety standards applicable to handling high explosives (for example, meeting electrical code ratings for high explosives); or

2.

Specially designed or rated as radiation hardened to withstand a total radiation dose greater than 5 × 104 Gy (silicon) without operational degradation;

Technical Note:

The term Gy (silicon) refers to the energy in Joules per kilogram absorbed by an unshielded silicon sample when exposed to ionizing radiation.

b.

Control units specially designed for any of the “robots” or “end-effectors” specified in Item 1.A.3.a.

Note:

Item 1.A.3. does not control “robots” specially designed for non-nuclear industrial applications such as automobile paint-spraying booths.

Technical Notes:

1.

“Robots”

In Item 1.A.3. “robot” means a manipulation mechanism, which may be of the continuous path or of the point-to-point variety, may use “sensors”, and has all of the following characteristics:

(a)

is multifunctional;

(b)

is capable of positioning or orienting material, parts, tools, or special devices through variable movements in three-dimensional space;

(c)

incorporates three or more closed or open loop servo-devices which may include stepping motors; and

(d)

has “user-accessible programmability” by means of teach/playback method or by means of an electronic computer which may be a programmable logic controller, i.e., without mechanical intervention.

N.B.1:

In the above definition “sensors” means detectors of a physical phenomenon, the output of which (after conversion into a signal that can be interpreted by a control unit) is able to generate “programs” or modify programmed instructions or numerical “program” data. This includes “sensors” with machine vision, infrared imaging, acoustical imaging, tactile feel, inertial position measuring, optical or acoustic ranging or force or torque measuring capabilities.

N.B.2:

In the above definition “user-accessible programmability” means the facility allowing a user to insert, modify or replace “programs” by means other than:

(a)

a physical change in wiring or interconnections; or

(b)

the setting of function controls including entry of parameters.

N.B.3:

The above definition does not include the following devices:

(a)

Manipulation mechanisms which are only manually/teleoperator controllable;

(b)

Fixed sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The “program” is mechanically limited by fixed stops, such as pins or cams. The sequence of motions and the selection of paths or angles are not variable or changeable by mechanical, electronic, or electrical means;

(c)

Mechanically controlled variable sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The “program” is mechanically limited by fixed, but adjustable, stops such as pins or cams. The sequence of motions and the selection of paths or angles are variable within the fixed “program” pattern. Variations or modifications of the “program” pattern (e.g., changes of pins or exchanges of cams) in one or more motion axes are accomplished only through mechanical operations;

(d)

Non-servo-controlled variable sequence manipulation mechanisms which are automated moving devices, operating according to mechanically fixed programmed motions. The “program” is variable but the sequence proceeds only by the binary signal from mechanically fixed electrical binary devices or adjustable stops;

(e)

Stacker cranes defined as Cartesian coordinate manipulator systems manufactured as an integral part of a vertical array of storage bins and designed to access the contents of those bins for storage or retrieval.

2.

“End-effectors”

In Item 1.A.3. “end-effectors” are grippers, “active tooling units”, and any other tooling that is attached to the baseplate on the end of a “robot” manipulator arm.

N.B.:

In the above definition “active tooling units” is a device for applying motive power, process energy or sensing to the workpiece.

1.A.4.   Remote manipulators that can be used to provide remote actions in radiochemical separation operations or hot cells, having either of the following characteristics:

a.

A capability of penetrating 0.6 m or more of hot cell wall (through-the-wall operation); or

b.

A capability of bridging over the top of a hot cell wall with a thickness of 0.6 m or more (over-the-wall operation).

Technical Note:

Remote manipulators provide translation of human operator actions to a remote operating arm and terminal fixture. They may be of a master/slave type or operated by joystick or keypad.

1.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

1.B.1.   Flow-forming machines, spin-forming machines capable of flow-forming functions, and mandrels, as follows:

a.

Machines having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Three or more rollers (active or guiding); and

2.

Which, according to the manufacturer's technical specification, can be equipped with “numerical control” units or a computer control;

b.

Rotor-forming mandrels designed to form cylindrical rotors of inside diameter between 75 and 400 mm.

Note:

Item 1.B.1.a. includes machines which have only a single roller designed to deform metal plus two auxiliary rollers which support the mandrel, but do not participate directly in the deformation process.

1.B.2.   Machine tools, as follows, and any combination thereof, for removing or cutting metals, ceramics, or composites, which, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with electronic devices for simultaneous “contouring control” in two or more axes:

N.B.:

For “numerical control” units controlled by their associated “software”, see Item 1.D.3.

a.

Machine tools for turning, that have “positioning accuracies” with all compensations available better (less) than 6 μm according to ISO 230/2 (1988) along any linear axis (overall positioning) for machines capable of machining diameters greater than 35 mm;

Note:

Item 1.B.2.a. does not control bar machines (Swissturn), limited to machining only bar feed thru, if maximum bar diameter is equal to or less than 42 mm and there is no capability of mounting chucks. Machines may have drilling and/or milling capabilities for machining parts with diameters less than 42 mm.

b.

Machine tools for milling, having any of the following characteristics:

1.

“Positioning accuracies” with all compensations available better (less) than 6 μm according to ISO 230/2 (1988) along any linear axis (overall positioning);

2.

Two or more contouring rotary axes; or

3.

Five or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”.

Note:

Item 1.B.2.b. does not control milling machines having both of the following characteristics:

1.

X-axis travel greater than 2 m; and

2.

Overall “positioning accuracy” on the x-axis worse (more) than 30 μm according to ISO 230/2 (1988).

c.

Machine tools for grinding, having any of the following characteristics:

1.

“Positioning accuracies” with all compensations available better (less) than 4 μm according to ISO 230/2 (1988) along any linear axis (overall positioning);

2.

Two or more contouring rotary axes; or

3

Five or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”.

Note:

Item 1.B.2.c. does not control grinding machines as follows:

1.

Cylindrical external, internal, and external-internal grinding machines having all the following characteristics:

a.

Limited to a maximum workpiece capacity of 150 mm outside diameter or length; and

b.

Axes limited to x, z and c.

2.

Jig grinders that do not have a z-axis or a w-axis with an overall positioning accuracy less (better) than 4 microns. Positioning accuracy is according to ISO 230/2 (1988).

d.

Non-wire type Electrical Discharge Machines (EDM) that have two or more contouring rotary axes and that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”.

Notes:

1.

Stated “positioning accuracy” levels derived under the following procedures from measurements made according to ISO 230/2 (1988) or national equivalents may be used for each machine tool model if provided to, and accepted by, national authorities instead of individual machine tests.

Stated “positioning accuracy” are to be derived as follows:

a.

Select five machines of a model to be evaluated;

b.

Measure the linear axis accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (1988);

c.

Determine the accuracy values (A) for each axis of each machine. The method of calculating the accuracy value is described in the ISO 230/2 (1988) standard;

d.

Determine the average accuracy value of each axis. This average value becomes the stated “positioning accuracy” of each axis for the model (Âx, Ây…);

e.

Since Item 1.B.2. refers to each linear axis, there will be as many stated “positioning accuracy” values as there are linear axes;

f.

If any axis of a machine tool not controlled by Items 1.B.2.a., 1.B.2.b., or 1.B.2.c. has a stated “positioning accuracy” of 6 μm or better (less) for grinding machines, and 8 μm or better (less) for milling and turning machines, both according to ISO 230/2 (1988), then the builder should be required to reaffirm the accuracy level once every eighteen months.

2.

Item 1.B.2. does not control special purpose machine tools limited to the manufacture of any of the following parts:

a.

Gears

b.

Crankshafts or cam shafts

c.

Tools or cutters

d.

Extruder worms

Technical Notes:

1.

Axis nomenclature shall be in accordance with International Standard ISO 841, “Numerical Control Machines — Axis and Motion Nomenclature”.

2.

Not counted in the total number of contouring axes are secondary parallel contouring axes (e.g., the w-axis on horizontal boring mills or a secondary rotary axis the centerline of which is parallel to the primary rotary axis).

3.

Rotary axes do not necessarily have to rotate over 360 degrees. A rotary axis can be driven by a linear device, e.g., a screw or a rack- and-pinion.

4.

For the purposes of 1.B.2. the number of axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control” is the number of axes along or around which, during processing of the workpiece, simultaneous and interrelated motions are performed between the workpiece and a tool. This does not include any additional axes along or around which other relative motions within the machine are performed, such as:

a.

Wheel-dressing systems in grinding machines;

b

Parallel rotary axes designed for mounting of separate workpieces;

c.

Co-linear rotary axes designed for manipulating the same workpiece by holding it in a chuck from different ends.

5.

A machine tool having at least 2 of the 3 turning, milling or grinding capabilities (e.g., a turning machine with milling capability) must be evaluated against each applicable entry, 1.B.2.a., 1.B.2.b. and 1.B.2.c.

6.

Items 1.B.2.b.3 and 1.B.2.c.3 include machines based on a parallel linear kinematic design (e.g., hexapods) that have 5 or more axes none of which are rotary axes.

1.B.3.   Dimensional inspection machines, instruments, or systems, as follows:

a.

Computer controlled or numerically controlled coordinate measuring machines (CMM) having either of the following characteristics:

1.

Having only two axes and having a maximum permissible error of length measurement along any axis (one dimensional), identified as any combination of E0x MPE, E0y MPE or E0z MPE, equal to or less(better) than (1.25 + L/1 000) μm (where L is the measured length in mm) at any point within the operating range of the machine (i.e., within the length of the axis), according to ISO 10360-2(2009); or

2.

Three or more axes and having a three dimensional (volumetric) maximum permissible error of length measurement (E0, MPE equal to or less (better) than (1.7 + L/800) μm (where L is the measured length in mm) at any point within the operating range of the machine (i.e., within the length of the axis), according to ISO 10360-2(2009).

Technical Note:

The E0, MPE of the most accurate configuration of the CMM specified according to ISO 10360-2(2009) by the manufacturer (e.g., best of the following: probe, stylus length, motion parameters, environment) and with all compensations available shall be compared to the 1.7 + L/800 μm threshold.

b.

Linear displacement measuring instruments, as follows:

1.

Non-contact type measuring systems with a “resolution” equal to or better (less) than 0.2 μm within a measuring range up to 0.2 mm;

2.

Linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) systems having both of the following characteristics:

a.

1.

“Linearity” equal to or less (better) than 0.1 % measured from 0 to the full operating range, for LVDTs with an operating range up to 5 mm; or

2.

“Linearity” equal to or less (better) than 0.1 % measured from 0 to 5 mm for LVDTs with an operating range greater than 5 mm; and

b.

Drift equal to or better (less) than 0.1 % per day at a standard ambient test room temperature ± 1 K;

3.

Measuring systems having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Contain a laser; and

b.

Maintain for at least 12 hours, over a temperature range of ± 1 K around a standard temperature and a standard pressure:

1.

A “resolution” over their full scale of 0.1 μm or better; and

2.

With a “measurement uncertainty” equal to or better (less) than (0.2 + L/2 000) μm (L is the measured length in millimeters);

Note:

Item 1.B.3.b.3. does not control measuring interferometer systems, without closed or open loop feedback, containing a laser to measure slide movement errors of machine tools, dimensional inspection machines, or similar equipment.

Technical Note:

In Item 1.B.3.b. “linear displacement” means the change of distance between the measuring probe and the measured object.

c.

Angular displacement measuring instruments having an “angular position deviation” equal to or better (less) than 0.00025°;

Note:

Item 1.B.3.c. does not control optical instruments, such as autocollimators, using collimated light (e.g., laser light) to detect angular displacement of a mirror.

d.

Systems for simultaneous linear-angular inspection of hemishells, having both of the following characteristics:

1.

“Measurement uncertainty” along any linear axis equal to or better (less) than 3.5 μm per 5 mm; and

2.

“Angular position deviation” equal to or less than 0.02°.

Notes:

1.

Item 1.B.3. includes machine tools that can be used as measuring machines if they meet or exceed the criteria specified for the measuring machine function.

2.

Machines described in Item 1.B.3. are controlled if they exceed the threshold specified anywhere within their operating range.

Technical Note:

All parameters of measurement values in this item represent plus/minus, i.e., not total band.

1.B.4.   Controlled atmosphere (vacuum or inert gas) induction furnaces, and power supplies therefor, as follows:

a.

Furnaces having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Capable of operation at temperatures above 1 123 K (850 °C);

2.

Induction coils 600 mm or less in diameter; and

3.

Designed for power inputs of 5 kW or more;

Note:

Item 1.B.4.a. does not control furnaces designed for the processing of semiconductor wafers.

b.

Power supplies, with a specified output power of 5 kW or more, specially designed for furnaces specified in Item 1.B.4.a.

1.B.5.   “Isostatic presses”, and related equipment, as follows:

a.

“Isostatic presses” having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of 69 MPa or greater; and

2.

A chamber cavity with an inside diameter in excess of 152 mm;

b.

Dies, molds, and controls specially designed for the “isostatic presses” specified in Item 1.B.5.a.

Technical Notes:

1.

In Item 1.B.5. “Isostatic presses” means equipment capable of pressurizing a closed cavity through various media (gas, liquid, solid particles, etc.) to create equal pressure in all directions within the cavity upon a workpiece or material.

2.

In Item 1.B.5. the inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the working temperature and the working pressure are achieved and does not include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated furnace chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located inside the other.

1.B.6.   Vibration test systems, equipment, and components as follows:

a.

Electrodynamic vibration test systems, having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Employing feedback or closed loop control techniques and incorporating a digital control unit;

2.

Capable of vibrating at 10 g RMS or more between 20 and 2 000 Hz; and

3.

Capable of imparting forces of 50 kN or greater measured “bare table”;

b.

Digital control units, combined with “software” specially designed for vibration testing, with a real-time bandwidth greater than 5 kHz and being designed for a system specified in Item 1.B.6.a.;

c.

Vibration thrusters (shaker units), with or without associated amplifiers, capable of imparting a force of 50 kN or greater measured “bare table”, which are usable for the systems specified in Item 1.B.6.a.;

d.

Test piece support structures and electronic units designed to combine multiple shaker units into a complete shaker system capable of providing an effective combined force of 50 kN or greater, measured “bare table”, which are usable for the systems specified in Item 1.B.6.a.

Technical Note:

In Item 1.B.6. “bare table” means a flat table, or surface, with no fixtures or fittings.

1.B.7.   Vacuum or other controlled atmosphere metallurgical melting and casting furnaces and related equipment, as follows:

a.

Arc remelt and casting furnaces having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Consumable electrode capacities between 1 000 and 20 000 cm3; and

2.

Capable of operating with melting temperatures above 1 973 K (1 700 °C);

b.

Electron beam melting furnaces and plasma atomization and melting furnaces, having both of the following characteristics:

1.

A power of 50 kW or greater; and

2.

Capable of operating with melting temperatures above 1 473 K (1 200 °C);

c.

Computer control and monitoring systems specially configured for any of the furnaces specified in Item 1.B.7.a. or 1.B.7.b.

1.C.   MATERIALS

None.

1.D.   SOFTWARE

1.D.1.   “Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of equipment specified in Item 1.A.3., 1.B.1., 1.B.3., 1.B.5., 1.B.6.a., 1.B.6.b., 1.B.6.d. or 1.B.7.

Note:

“Software” specially designed or modified for systems specified in Item 1.B.3.d. includes “software” for simultaneous measurements of wall thickness and contour.

1.D.2.   “Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of equipment specified in Item 1.B.2.

Note:

Item 1.D.2. does not control part programming “software” that generates “numerical control” command codes but does not allow direct use of equipment for machining various parts.

1.D.3.   “Software” for any combination of electronic devices or system enabling such device(s) to function as a “numerical control” unit for machine tools, that is capable of controlling five or more interpolating axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”.

Notes:

1.

“Software” is controlled whether exported separately or residing in a “numerical control” unit or any electronic device or system.

2.

Item 1.D.3. does not control “software” specially designed or modified by the manufacturers of the control unit or machine tool to operate a machine tool that is not specified in Item 1.B.2.

1.E.   TECHNOLOGY

1.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 1.A. through 1.D.

2.   MATERIALS

2.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

2.A.1.   Crucibles made of materials resistant to liquid actinide metals, as follows:

a.

Crucibles having both of the following characteristics:

1.

A volume of between 150 cm3 (150 ml) and 8 000 cm3 (8 l (litres)); and

2.

Made of or coated with any of the following materials, or combination of the following materials, having an overall impurity level of 2 % or less by weight:

a.

Calcium fluoride (CaF2);

b.

Calcium zirconate (metazirconate) (CaZrO3);

c.

Cerium sulfide (Ce2S3);

d.

Erbium oxide (erbia) (Er2O3);

e.

Hafnium oxide (hafnia) (HfO2);

f.

Magnesium oxide (MgO);

g.

Nitrided niobium-titanium-tungsten alloy (approximately 50 % Nb, 30 % Ti, 20 % W);

h.

Yttrium oxide (yttria) (Y2O3); or

i.

Zirconium oxide (zirconia) (ZrO2);

b.

Crucibles having both of the following characteristics:

1.

A volume of between 50 cm3 (50 ml) and 2 000 cm3 (2 liters); and

2.

Made of or lined with tantalum, having a purity of 99.9 % or greater by weight;

c.

Crucibles having all of the following characteristics:

1.

A volume of between 50 cm3 (50 ml) and 2 000 cm3 (2 liters);

2.

Made of or lined with tantalum, having a purity of 98 % or greater by weight; and

3.

Coated with tantalum carbide, nitride, boride, or any combination thereof.

2.A.2.   Platinized catalysts specially designed or prepared for promoting the hydrogen isotope exchange reaction between hydrogen and water for the recovery of tritium from heavy water or for the production of heavy water.

2.A.3.   Composite structures in the form of tubes having both of the following characteristics:

a.

An inside diameter of between 75 and 400 mm; and

b.

Made with any of the “fibrous or filamentary materials” specified in Item 2.C.7.a. or carbon prepreg materials specified in Item 2.C.7.c.

2.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

2.B.1.   Tritium facilities or plants, and equipment therefor, as follows:

a.

Facilities or plants for the production, recovery, extraction, concentration or handling of tritium;

b.

Equipment for tritium facilities or plants, as follows:

1.

Hydrogen or helium refrigeration units capable of cooling to 23 K (– 250 °C) or less, with heat removal capacity greater than 150 W;

2.

Hydrogen isotope storage or purification systems using metal hydrides as the storage or purification medium.

2.B.2.   Lithium isotope separation facilities or plants, and systems and equipment therefor, as follows:

N.B.:

Certain lithium isotope separation equipment and components for the plasma separation process (PSP) are also directly applicable to uranium isotope separation and are controlled under INFCIRC/254 Part 1 (as amended).

a.

Facilities or plants for the separation of lithium isotopes;

b.

Equipment for the separation of lithium isotopes based on the lithium-mercury amalgam process, as follows:

1.

Packed liquid-liquid exchange columns specially designed for lithium amalgams;

2.

Mercury or lithium amalgam pumps;

3.

Lithium amalgam electrolysis cells;

4.

Evaporators for concentrated lithium hydroxide solution;

c.

Ion exchange systems specially designed for lithium isotope separation, and specially designed component parts therefor;

d.

Chemical exchange systems (employing crown ethers, cryptands, or lariat ethers) specially designed for lithium isotope separation, and specially designed component parts therefor.

2.C.   MATERIALS

2.C.1.   Aluminium alloys having both of the following characteristics:

a.

“Capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C); and

b.

In the form of tubes or cylindrical solid forms (including forgings) with an outside diameter of more than 75 mm.

Technical Note:

In Item 2.C.1. the phrase “capable of” encompasses aluminium alloys before or after heat treatment.

2.C.2.   Beryllium metal, alloys containing more than 50 % beryllium by weight, beryllium compounds, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.2. does not control the following:

a.

Metal windows for X-ray machines or for bore-hole logging devices;

b.

Oxide shapes in fabricated or semi-fabricated forms specially designed for electronic component parts or as substrates for electronic circuits;

c.

Beryl (silicate of beryllium and aluminium) in the form of emeralds or aquamarines.

2.C.3.   Bismuth having both of the following characteristics:

a.

A purity of 99.99 % or greater by weight; and

b.

Containing less than 10 ppm (parts per million) by weight of silver.

2.C.4.   Boron enriched in the boron-10 (10B) isotope to greater than its natural isotopic abundance, as follows: elemental boron, compounds, mixtures containing boron, manufactures thereof, waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.

Note:

In Item 2.C.4. mixtures containing boron include boron loaded materials.

Technical Note:

The natural isotopic abundance of boron-10 is approximately 18.5 weight percent (20 atom percent).

2.C.5.   Calcium having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Containing less than 1 000 parts per million by weight of metallic impurities other than magnesium; and

b.

Containing less than 10 parts per million by weight of boron.

2.C.6.   Chlorine trifluoride (ClF3).

2.C.7.   “Fibrous or filamentary materials”, and prepregs, as follows:

a.

Carbon or aramid “fibrous or filamentary materials” having either of the following characteristics:

1.

A “specific modulus” of 12.7 × 106 m or greater; or

2.

A “specific tensile strength” of 23.5 × 104 m or greater;

Note:

Item 2.C.7.a. does not control aramid “fibrous or filamentary materials” having 0.25 % or more by weight of an ester based fiber surface modifier.

b.

Glass “fibrous or filamentary materials” having both of the following characteristics:

1.

A “specific modulus” of 3.18 × 106 m or greater; and

2.

A “specific tensile strength” of 7.62 × 104 m or greater;

c.

Thermoset resin impregnated continuous “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows” or “tapes” with a width of 15 mm or less (prepregs), made from carbon or glass “fibrous or filamentary materials” specified in Item 2.C.7.a. or Item 2.C.7.b.

Technical Note:

The resin forms the matrix of the composite.

Technical Notes:

1.

In Item 2.C.7. “Specific modulus” is the Young's modulus in N/m2 divided by the specific weight in N/m3 when measured at a temperature of 296 ± 2 K (23 ± 2 °C) and a relative humidity of 50 ± 5 %.

2.

In Item 2.C.7. “Specific tensile strength” is the ultimate tensile strength in N/m2 divided by the specific weight in N/m3 when measured at a temperature of 296 ± 2 K (23 ± 2 °C) and a relative humidity of 50 ± 5 %.

2.C.8.   Hafnium metal, alloys containing more than 60 % hafnium by weight, hafnium compounds containing more than 60 % hafnium by weight, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.

2.C.9.   Lithium enriched in the lithium-6 (6Li) isotope to greater than its natural isotopic abundance and products or devices containing enriched lithium, as follows: elemental lithium, alloys, compounds, mixtures containing lithium, manufactures thereof, waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.9. does not control thermoluminescent dosimeters.

Technical Note:

The natural isotopic abundance of lithium-6 is approximately 6.5 weight percent (7.5 atom percent).

2.C.10.   Magnesium having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Containing less than 200 parts per million by weight of metallic impurities other than calcium; and

b.

Containing less than 10 parts per million by weight of boron.

2.C.11.   Maraging steel “capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 1 950 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C).

Note:

Item 2.C.11. does not control forms in which all linear dimensions are 75 mm or less.

Technical Note:

In Item 2.C.11. the phrase “capable of” encompasses maraging steel before or after heat treatment.

2.C.12.   Radium-226 (226Ra), radium-226 alloys, radium-226 compounds, mixtures containing radium-226, manufactures thereof, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.12. does not control the following:

a.

Medical applicators;

b.

A product or device containing less than 0.37 GBq of radium-226.

2.C.13.   Titanium alloys having both of the following characteristics:

a.

“Capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C); and

b.

In the form of tubes or cylindrical solid forms (including forgings) with an outside diameter of more than 75 mm.

Technical Note:

In Item 2.C.13. the phrase “capable of” encompasses titanium alloys before or after heat treatment.

2.C.14.   Tungsten, tungsten carbide, and alloys containing more than 90 % tungsten by weight, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

In forms with a hollow cylindrical symmetry (including cylinder segments) with an inside diameter between 100 and 300 mm; and

b.

A mass greater than 20 kg.

Note:

Item 2.C.14. does not control manufactures specially designed as weights or gamma-ray collimators.

2.C.15.   Zirconium with a hafnium content of less than 1 part hafnium to 500 parts zirconium by weight, as follows: metal, alloys containing more than 50 % zirconium by weight, compounds, manufactures thereof, waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.15. does not control zirconium in the form of foil having a thickness of 0.10 mm or less.

2.C.16.   Nickel powder and porous nickel metal, as follows:

N.B.:

For nickel powders which are especially prepared for the manufacture of gaseous diffusion barriers see INFCIRC/254/Part 1 (as amended).

a.

Nickel powder having both of the following characteristics:

1.

A nickel purity content of 99.0 % or greater by weight; and

2.

A mean particle size of less than 10 μm measured by the ASTM B 330 standard;

b.

Porous nickel metal produced from materials specified in Item 2.C.16.a.

Note:

Item 2.C.16. does not control the following:

a.

Filamentary nickel powders;

b.

Single porous nickel metal sheets with an area of 1 000 cm2 per sheet or less.

Technical Note:

Item 2.C.16.b. refers to porous metal formed by compacting and sintering the material in Item 2.C.16.a. to form a metal material with fine pores interconnected throughout the structure.

2.C.17.   Tritium, tritium compounds, mixtures containing tritium in which the ratio of tritium to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1 part in 1 000, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.17. does not control a product or device containing less than 1.48 × 103 GBq of tritium.

2.C.18.   Helium-3 (3He), mixtures containing helium-3, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.18. does not control a product or device containing less than 1 g of helium-3.

2.C.19.   Radionuclides appropriate for making neutron sources based on alpha-n reaction:

Actinium 225

Curium 244

Polonium 209

Actinium 227

Einsteinium 253

Polonium 210

Californium 253

Einsteinium 254

Radium 223

Curium 240

Gadolinium 148

Thorium 227

Curium 241

Plutonium 236

Thorium 228

Curium 242

Plutonium 238

Uranium 230

Curium 243

Polonium 208

Uranium 232

In the following forms:

a.

Elemental;

b.

Compounds having a total activity of 37 GBq per kg or greater;

c.

Mixtures having a total activity of 37 GBq per kg or greater;

d.

Products or devices containing any of the foregoing.

Note:

Item 2.C.19. does not control a product or device containing less than 3.7 GBq of activity.

2.C.20.   Rhenium, and alloys containing 90 % by weight or more rhenium; and alloys of rhenium and tungsten containing 90 % by weight or more of any combination of rhenium and tungsten, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

In forms with a hollow cylindrical symmetry (including cylinder segments) with an inside diameter between 100 and 300 mm; and

b.

A mass greater than 20kg.

2.D.   SOFTWARE

None

2.E.   TECHNOLOGY

2.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 2.A. through 2.D.

3.   URANIUM ISOTOPE SEPARATION EQUIPMENT AND COMPONENTS (Other Than Trigger List Items)

3.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

3.A.1.   Frequency changers or generators, usable as a variable frequency or fixed frequency motor drive, having all of the following characteristics:

N.B.1:

Frequency changers and generators especially designed or prepared for the gas centrifuge process are controlled under INFCIRC/254/Part 1 (as amended).

N.B.2:

“Software” specially designed to enhance or release the performance of frequency changers or generators to meet the characteristics below is controlled in 3.D.2 and 3.D.3.

a.

Multiphase output providing a power of 40 VA or greater;

b.

Operating at a frequency of 600 Hz or more; and

c.

Frequency control better (less) than 0.2 %.

Notes:

1.

Item 3.A.1. only controls frequency changers intended for specific industrial machinery and/or consumer goods (machine tools, vehicles, etc.) if the frequency changers can meet the characteristics above when removed, and subject to General Note 3.

2.

For the purpose of export control, the Government will determine whether or not a particular frequency changer meets the characteristics above, taking into account hardware and software constraints.

Technical Notes:

1.

Frequency changers in Item 3.A.1. are also known as converters or inverters.

2.

The characteristics specified in item 3.A.1. may be met by certain equipment marketed such as: Generators, Electronic Test Equipment, AC Power Supplies, Variable Speed Motor Drives, Variable Speed Drives (VSDs), Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs), Adjustable Frequency Drives (AFDs), or Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs).

3.A.2.   Lasers, laser amplifiers and oscillators as follows:

a.

Copper vapor lasers having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 500 and 600 nm; and

2.

An average output power equal to or greater than 30 W;

b.

Argon ion lasers having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 400 and 515 nm; and

2.

An average output power greater than 40 W;

c.

Neodymium-doped (other than glass) lasers with an output wavelength between 1 000 and 1 100 nm having either of the following:

1.

Pulse-excited and Q-switched with a pulse duration equal to or greater than 1 ns, and having either of the following:

a.

A single-transverse mode output with an average output power greater than 40 W; or

b.

A multiple-transverse mode output with an average output power greater than 50 W;

or

2.

Incorporating frequency doubling to give an output wavelength between 500 and 550 nm with an average output power of greater than 40 W;

d.

Tunable pulsed single-mode dye laser oscillators having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 300 and 800 nm;

2.

An average output power greater than 1 W;

3.

A repetition rate greater than 1 kHz; and

4.

Pulse width less than 100 ns;

e.

Tunable pulsed dye laser amplifiers and oscillators having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 300 and 800 nm;

2.

An average output power greater than 30 W;

3.

A repetition rate greater than 1 kHz; and

4.

Pulse width less than 100 ns;

Note:

Item 3.A.2.e. does not control single mode oscillators.

f.

Alexandrite lasers having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 720 and 800 nm;

2.

A bandwidth of 0.005 nm or less;

3.

A repetition rate greater than 125 Hz; and

4.

An average output power greater than 30 W;

g.

Pulsed carbon dioxide lasers having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 9 000 and 11 000 nm;

2.

A repetition rate greater than 250 Hz;

3.

An average output power greater than 500 W; and

4.

Pulse width of less than 200 ns;

Note:

Item 3.A.2.g. does not control the higher power (typically 1 to 5 kW) industrial CO2 lasers used in applications such as cutting and welding, as these latter lasers are either continuous wave or are pulsed with a pulse width greater than 200 ns.

h.

Pulsed excimer lasers (XeF, XeCl, KrF) having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 240 and 360 nm;

2.

A repetition rate greater than 250 Hz; and

3.

An average output power greater than 500 W;

i.

Para-hydrogen Raman shifters designed to operate at 16 μm output wavelength and at a repetition rate greater than 250 Hz.

j.

Pulsed carbon monoxide lasers having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Operating at wavelengths between 5 000 and 6 000 nm;

2.

A repetition rate greater than 250 Hz;

3.

An average output power greater than 200 W; and

4.

Pulse width of less than 200 ns.

Note:

Item 3.A.2.j. does not control the higher power (typically 1 to 5 kW) industrial CO lasers used in applications such as cutting and welding, as these latter lasers are either continuous wave or are pulsed with a pulse width greater than 200 ns.

3.A.3.   Valves having all of the following characteristics:

a.

A nominal size of 5 mm or greater;

b.

Having a bellows seal; and

c.

Wholly made of or lined with aluminium, aluminium alloy, nickel, or nickel alloy containing more than 60 % nickel by weight.

Technical Note:

For valves with different inlet and outlet diameter, the nominal size parameter in Item 3.A.3.a. refers to the smallest diameter.

3.A.4.   Superconducting solenoidal electromagnets having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of creating magnetic fields greater than 2 T;

b.

A ratio of length to inner diameter greater than 2;

c.

Inner diameter greater than 300 mm; and

d.

Magnetic field uniform to better than 1 % over the central 50 % of the inner volume.

Note:

Item 3.A.4. does not control magnets specially designed for and exported as part of medical nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging systems.

N.B.:

As part of, does not necessarily mean physical part in the same shipment. Separate shipments from different sources are allowed, provided the related export documents clearly specify the as part of relationship.

3.A.5.   High-power direct current power supplies having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of continuously producing, over a time period of 8 hours, 100 V or greater with current output of 500 A or greater; and

b.

Current or voltage stability better than 0.1 % over a time period of 8 hours.

3.A.6.   High-voltage direct current power supplies having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of continuously producing, over a time period of 8 hours, 20 kV or greater with current output of 1 A or greater; and

b.

Current or voltage stability better than 0.1 % over a time period of 8 hours.

3.A.7.   All types of pressure transducers capable of measuring absolute pressures and having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Pressure sensing elements made of or protected by aluminium, aluminium alloy, aluminium oxide (alumina or sapphire), nickel, nickel alloy with more than 60 % nickel by weight, or fully fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers;

b.

Seals, if any, essential for sealing the pressure sensing element, and in direct contact with the process medium, made of or protected by aluminium, aluminium alloy, aluminium oxide (alumina or sapphire), nickel, nickel alloy with more than 60 % nickel by weight, or fully fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers; and

c.

Having either of the following characteristics:

1.

A full scale of less than 13 kPa and an “accuracy” of better than ± 1 % of full scale; or

2.

A full scale of 13 kPa or greater and an “accuracy” of better than ± 130 Pa when measuring at 13 kPa.

Technical Notes:

1.

In Item 3.A.7. pressure transducers are devices that convert pressure measurements into a signal.

2.

In Item 3.A.7. “accuracy” includes non-linearity, hysteresis and repeatability at ambient temperature.

3.A.8.   Vacuum pumps having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Input throat size equal to or greater than 380 mm;

b.

Pumping speed equal to or greater than 15 m3/s; and

c.

Capable of producing an ultimate vacuum better than 13.3 mPa.

Technical Notes:

1.

The pumping speed is determined at the measurement point with nitrogen gas or air.

2.

The ultimate vacuum is determined at the input of the pump with the input of the pump blocked off.

3.A.9   Bellows-sealed scroll-type compressors and bellows-sealed scroll-type vacuum pumps having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of an inlet volume flow rate of 50 m3/h or greater;

b.

Capable of a pressure ratio of 2:1 or greater; and

c.

Having all surfaces that come in contact with the process gas made from any of the following materials:

1.

Aluminium or aluminium alloy;

2.

Aluminium oxide;

3.

Stainless steel;

4.

Nickel or nickel alloy;

5.

Phosphor bronze; or

6.

Fluoropolymers.

Technical Notes:

1.

In a scroll compressor or vacuum pump, crescent-shaped pockets of gas are trapped between one or more pairs of intermeshed spiral vanes, or scrolls, one of which moves while the other remains stationary. The moving scroll orbits the stationary scroll; it does not rotate. As the moving scroll orbits the stationary scroll, the gas pockets diminish in size (i.e., they are compressed) as they move toward the outlet port of the machine.

2.

In a bellows-sealed scroll compressor or vacuum pump, the process gas is totally isolated from the lubricated parts of the pump and from the external atmosphere by a metal bellows. One end of the bellows is attached to the moving scroll and the other end is attached to the stationary housing of the pump.

3.

Fluoropolymers include, but are not limited to, the following materials:

a.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE),

b.

Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP),

c.

Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA),

d.

Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE); and

e.

Vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene copolymer.

3.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

3.B.1.   Electrolytic cells for fluorine production with an output capacity greater than 250 g of fluorine per hour.

3.B.2.   Rotor fabrication or assembly equipment, rotor straightening equipment, bellows-forming mandrels and dies, as follows:

a.

Rotor assembly equipment for assembly of gas centrifuge rotor tube sections, baffles, and end caps;

Note:

Item 3.B.2.a. includes precision mandrels, clamps, and shrink fit machines.

b.

Rotor straightening equipment for alignment of gas centrifuge rotor tube sections to a common axis;

Technical Note:

In Item 3.B.2.b. such equipment normally consists of precision measuring probes linked to a computer that subsequently controls the action of, for example, pneumatic rams used for aligning the rotor tube sections.

c.

Bellows-forming mandrels and dies for producing single-convolution bellows.

Technical Note:

The bellows referred to in Item 3.B.2.c. have all of the following characteristics:

1.

Inside diameter between 75 and 400 mm;

2.

Length equal to or greater than 12.7 mm;

3.

Single convolution depth greater than 2 mm; and

4.

Made of high-strength aluminium alloys, maraging steel, or high strength “fibrous or filamentary materials”.

3.B.3.   Centrifugal multiplane balancing machines, fixed or portable, horizontal or vertical, as follows:

a.

Centrifugal balancing machines designed for balancing flexible rotors having a length of 600 mm or more and having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Swing or journal diameter greater than 75 mm;

2.

Mass capability of from 0.9 to 23 kg; and

3.

Capable of balancing speed of revolution greater than 5 000 rpm;

b.

Centrifugal balancing machines designed for balancing hollow cylindrical rotor components and having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Journal diameter greater than 75 mm;

2.

Mass capability of from 0.9 to 23 kg;

3.

Capable of balancing to a residual imbalance equal to or less than 0.010 kg × mm/kg per plane; and

4.

Belt drive type.

3.B.4.   Filament winding machines and related equipment, as follows:

a.

Filament winding machines having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Having motions for positioning, wrapping, and winding fibers coordinated and programmed in two or more axes;

2.

Specially designed to fabricate composite structures or laminates from “fibrous or filamentary materials”; and

3.

Capable of winding cylindrical tubes with an internal diameter between 75 and 650 mm and lengths of 300 mm or greater;

b.

Coordinating and programming controls for the filament winding machines specified in Item 3.B.4.a.;

c.

Precision mandrels for the filament winding machines specified in Item 3.B.4.a.

3.B.5.   Electromagnetic isotope separators designed for, or equipped with, single or multiple ion sources capable of providing a total ion beam current of 50 mA or greater.

Notes:

1.

Item 3.B.5. includes separators capable of enriching stable isotopes as well as those for uranium.

N.B.:

A separator capable of separating the isotopes of lead with a one-mass unit difference is inherently capable of enriching the isotopes of uranium with a three-unit mass difference.

2.

Item 3.B.5. includes separators with the ion sources and collectors both in the magnetic field and those configurations in which they are external to the field.

Technical Note:

A single 50 mA ion source cannot produce more than 3 g of separated highly enriched uranium (HEU) per year from natural abundance feed.

3.B.6.   Mass spectrometers capable of measuring ions of 230 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 2 parts in 230, as follows, and ion sources therefor:

N.B.:

Mass spectrometers especially designed or prepared for analyzing on-line samples of uranium hexafluoride are controlled under INFCIRC/254/Part 1 (as amended).

a.

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers (ICP/MS);

b.

Glow discharge mass spectrometers (GDMS);

c.

Thermal ionization mass spectrometers (TIMS);

d.

Electron bombardment mass spectrometers having both of the following features:

1.

A molecular beam inlet system that injects a collimated beam of analyte molecules into a region of the ion source where the molecules are ionized by an electron beam; and

2.

One or more cold traps that can be cooled to a temperature of 193 K (– 80 °C) or less in order to trap analyte molecules that are not ionized by the electron beam;

e.

Mass spectrometers equipped with a microfluorination ion source designed for actinides or actinide fluorides.

Technical Notes:

1.

Item 3.B.6.d describes mass spectrometers that are typically used for isotopic analysis of UF6 gas samples.

2.

Electron bombardment mass spectrometers in Item 3.B.6.d are also known as electron impact mass spectrometers or electron ionization mass spectrometers.

3.

In Item 3.B.6.d.2, a “cold trap” is a device that traps gas molecules by condensing or freezing them on cold surfaces. For the purposes of this entry, a closed-loop gaseous helium cryogenic vacuum pump is not a cold trap.

3.C.   MATERIALS

None.

3.D.   SOFTWARE

3.D.1.   “Software” specially designed for the “use” of equipment specified in Items 3.A.1., 3.B.3. or 3.B.4.

3.D.2.   “Software” or encryption keys/codes specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment not controlled in Item 3.A.1. so that it meets or exceeds the characteristics specified in Item 3.A.1.

3.D.3   “Software” specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment controlled in Item 3.A.1.

3.E.   TECHNOLOGY

3.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or“use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 3.A. through 3.D.

4.   HEAVY WATER PRODUCTION PLANT RELATED EQUIPMENT (Other Than Trigger List Items)

4.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

4.A.1.   Specialized packings which may be used in separating heavy water from ordinary water, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Made of phosphor bronze mesh chemically treated to improve wettability; and

b.

Designed to be used in vacuum distillation towers.

4.A.2.   Pumps capable of circulating solutions of concentrated or dilute potassium amide catalyst in liquid ammonia (KNH2/NH3), having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Airtight (i.e., hermetically sealed);

b.

A capacity greater than 8.5 m3/h; and

c.

Either of the following characteristics:

1.

For concentrated potassium amide solutions (1 % or greater), an operating pressure of 1.5 to 60 MPa; or

2.

For dilute potassium amide solutions (less than 1 %), an operating pressure of 20 to 60 MPa.

4.A.3.   Turboexpanders or turboexpander-compressor sets having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Designed for operation with an outlet temperature of 35 K (– 238 °C) or less; and

b.

Designed for a throughput of hydrogen gas of 1 000 kg/h or greater.

4.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

4.B.1.   Water-hydrogen sulfide exchange tray columns and internal contactors, as follows:

N.B.:

For columns which are especially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water, see INFCIRC/254/Part 1 (as amended).

a.

Water-hydrogen sulfide exchange tray columns, having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Can operate at pressures of 2 MPa or greater;

2.

Constructed of carbon steel having an austenitic ASTM (or equivalent standard) grain size number of 5 or greater; and

3.

With a diameter of 1.8 m or greater;

b.

Internal contactors for the water-hydrogen sulfide exchange tray columns specified in Item 4.B.1.a.

Technical Note:

Internal contactors of the columns are segmented trays which have an effective assembled diameter of 1.8 m or greater; are designed to facilitate countercurrent contacting and are constructed of stainless steels with a carbon content of 0.03 % or less. These may be sieve trays, valve trays, bubble cap trays or turbogrid trays.

4.B.2.   Hydrogen-cryogenic distillation columns having all of the following characteristics:

a.

Designed for operation at internal temperatures of 35 K (– 238 °C) or less;

b.

Designed for operation at internal pressures of 0.5 to 5 MPa;

c.

Constructed of either:

1.

Stainless steel of the 300 series with low sulfur content and with an austenitic ASTM (or equivalent standard) grain size number of 5 or greater; or

2.

Equivalent materials which are both cryogenic and H2-compatible; and

d.

With internal diameters of 30 cm or greater and “effective lengths” of 4 m or greater.

Technical Note:

The term “effective length” means the active height of packing material in a packed-type column, or the active height of internal contactor plates in a plate-type column.

4.B.3.   [No longer used — since 14 June 2013]

4.C.   MATERIALS

None.

4.D.   SOFTWARE

None.

4.E.   TECHNOLOGY

4.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 4.A. through 4.D.

5.   TEST AND MEASUREMENT EQUIPMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICES

5.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

5.A.1.   Photomultiplier tubes having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Photocathode area of greater than 20 cm2; and

b.

Anode pulse rise time of less than 1 ns.

5.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

5.B.1.   Flash X-ray generators or pulsed electron accelerators having either of the following sets of characteristics:

a.

1.

An accelerator peak electron energy of 500 keV or greater but less than 25 MeV; and

2.

With a figure of merit (K) of 0.25 or greater; or

b.

1.

An accelerator peak electron energy of 25 MeV or greater; and

2.

A peak power greater than 50 MW.

Note:

Item 5.B.1. does not control accelerators that are component parts of devices designed for purposes other than electron beam or X-ray radiation (electron microscopy, for example) nor those designed for medical purposes.

Technical Notes:

1.

The figure of merit K is defined as: K = 1.7 × 103 V2.65Q. V is the peak electron energy in million electron volts. If the accelerator beam pulse duration is less than or equal to 1μs, then Q is the total accelerated charge in Coulombs. If the accelerator beam pulse duration is greater than 1 μs, then Q is the maximum accelerated charge in 1 μs. Q equals the integral of i with respect to t, over the lesser of 1 μs or the time duration of the beam pulse ( Q = ∫idt ) where i is beam current in amperes and t is the time in seconds.

2.

Peak power = (peak potential in volts) × (peak beam current in amperes).

3.

In machines based on microwave accelerating cavities, the time duration of the beam pulse is the lesser of 1 μs or the duration of the bunched beam packet resulting from one microwave modulator pulse.

4.

In machines based on microwave accelerating cavities, the peak beam current is the average current in the time duration of a bunched beam packet.

5.B.2.   High-velocity gun systems (propellant, gas, coil, electromagnetic, and electrothermal types, and other advanced systems) capable of accelerating projectiles to 1.5 km/s or greater.

Note:

This item does not control guns specially designed for high velocity weapon systems.

5.B.3.   High-speed cameras and imaging devices and components therefor, as follows:

N.B.:

“Software” specially designed to enhance or release the performance of cameras or imaging devices to meet the characteristics below is controlled in 5.D.1 and 5.D.2.

a.

Streak cameras, and specially designed components therefor, as follows:

1.

Streak cameras with writing speeds greater than 0.5 mm/μs;

2.

Electronic streak cameras capable of 50 ns or less time resolution;

3.

Streak tubes for cameras specified in 5.B.3.a.2.;

4.

Plug-ins specially designed for use with streak cameras which have modular structures and that enable the performance specifications in 5.B.3.a.1 or 5.B.3.a.2.;

5.

Synchronizing electronics units, rotor assemblies consisting of turbines, mirrors and bearings specially designed for cameras specified in 5.B.3.a.1.

b.

Framing cameras and specially designed components therefor as follows:

1.

Framing cameras with recording rates greater than 225 000 frames per second;

2.

Framing cameras capable of 50 ns or less frame exposure time;

3.

Framing tubes and solid-state imaging devices having a fast image gating (shutter) time of 50 ns or less specially designed for cameras specified in 5.B.3.b.1 or 5.B.3.b.2.;

4.

Plug-ins specially designed for use with framing cameras which have modular structures and that enable the performance specifications in 5.B.3.b.1 or 5.B.3.b.2.;

5.

Synchronizing electronics units, rotor assemblies consisting of turbines, mirrors and bearings specially designed for cameras specified in 5.B.3.b.1 or 5.B.3.b.2.

c.

Solid state or electron tube cameras and specially designed components therefor as follows:

1.

Solid-state cameras or electron tube cameras with a fast image gating (shutter) time of 50 ns or less;

2.

Solid-state imaging devices and image intensifiers tubes having a fast image gating (shutter) time of 50 ns or less specially designed for cameras specified in 5.B.3.c.1.;

3.

Electro-optical shuttering devices (Kerr or Pockels cells) with a fast image gating (shutter) time of 50 ns or less;

4.

Plug-ins specially designed for use with cameras which have modular structures and that enable the performance specifications in 5.B.3.c.1.

Technical Note:

High speed single frame cameras can be used alone to produce a single image of a dynamic event, or several such cameras can be combined in a sequentially-triggered system to produce multiple images of an event.

5.B.4.   [No longer used — since 14 June 2013]

5.B.5.   Specialized instrumentation for hydrodynamic experiments, as follows:

a.

Velocity interferometers for measuring velocities exceeding 1 km/s during time intervals of less than 10 μs;

b.

Shock pressure gauges capable of measuring pressures greater than 10 GPa, including gauges made with manganin, ytterbium, and polyvinylidene bifluoride (PVBF, PVF2);

c.

Quartz pressure transducers for pressures greater than 10 GPa.

Note:

Item 5.B.5.a. includes velocity interferometers such as VISARs (Velocity Interferometer Systems for Any Reflector), DLIs (Doppler Laser Interferometers) and PDV (Photonic Doppler Velocimeters) also known as Het-V (Heterodyne Velocimeters).

5.B.6.   High-speed pulse generators, and pulse heads therefor, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Output voltage greater than 6 V into a resistive load of less than 55 ohms; and

b.

“Pulse transition time” less than 500 ps.

Technical Notes:

1.

In Item 5.B.6.b. “pulse transition time” is defined as the time interval between 10 % and 90 % voltage amplitude.

2.

Pulse heads are impulse forming networks designed to accept a voltage step function and shape it into a variety of pulse forms that can include rectangular, triangular, step, impulse, exponential, or monocycle types. Pulse heads can be an integral part of the pulse generator, they can be a plug-in module to the device or they can be an externally connected device.

5.B.7.   High explosive containment vessels, chambers, containers and other similar containment devices designed for the testing of high explosives or explosive devices and having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Designed to fully contain an explosion equivalent to 2 kg of TNT or greater; and

b.

Having design elements or features enabling real time or delayed transfer of diagnostic or measurement information.

5.C.   MATERIALS

None.

5.D.   SOFTWARE

5.D.1.   “Software” or encryption keys/codes specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment not controlled in Item 5.B.3. so that it meets or exceeds the characteristics specified in Item 5.B.3.

5.D.2.   “Software” or encryption keys/codes specially designed to enhance or release the performance characteristics of equipment controlled in Item 5.B.3.

5.E.   TECHNOLOGY

5.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 5.A. through 5.D.

6.   COMPONENTS FOR NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICES

6.A.   EQUIPMENT, ASSEMBLIES AND COMPONENTS

6.A.1.   Detonators and multipoint initiation systems, as follows:

a.

Electrically driven explosive detonators, as follows:

1.

Exploding bridge (EB);

2.

Exploding bridge wire (EBW);

3.

Slapper;

4.

Exploding foil initiators (EFI);

b.

Arrangements using single or multiple detonators designed to nearly simultaneously initiate an explosive surface over an area greater than 5 000 mm2 from a single firing signal with an initiation timing spread over the surface of less than 2.5 μs.

Note:

Item 6.A.1. does not control detonators using only primary explosives, such as lead azide.

Technical Note:

In Item 6.A.1. the detonators of concern all utilize a small electrical conductor (bridge, bridge wire, or foil) that explosively vaporizes when a fast, high-current electrical pulse is passed through it. In nonslapper types, the exploding conductor starts a chemical detonation in a contacting high- explosive material such as PETN (pentaerythritoltetranitrate). In slapper detonators, the explosive vaporization of the electrical conductor drives a flyer or slapper across a gap, and the impact of the slapper on an explosive starts a chemical detonation. The slapper in some designs is driven by magnetic force. The term exploding foil detonator may refer to either an EB or a slapper-type detonator. Also, the word initiator is sometimes used in place of the word detonator.

6.A.2.   Firing sets and equivalent high-current pulse generators, as follows:

a.

Detonator firing sets (initiation systems, firesets), including electronically-charged, explosively-driven and optically-driven firing sets designed to drive multiple controlled detonators specified by Item 6.A.1. above;

b.

Modular electrical pulse generators (pulsers) having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Designed for portable, mobile, or ruggedized-use;

2.

Capable of delivering their energy in less than 15 μs into loads of less than 40 ohms;

3.

Having an output greater than 100 A;

4.

No dimension greater than 30 cm;

5.

Weight less than 30 kg; and

6.

Specified to operate over an extended temperature range of 223 to 373 K (– 50 °C to 100 °C) or specified as suitable for aerospace applications.

c.

Micro-firing units having all of the following characteristics:

1.

No dimension greater than 35 mm;

2.

Voltage rating of equal to or greater than 1 kV; and

3.

Capacitance of equal to or greater than 100 nF.

Note:

Optically driven firing sets include both those employing laser initiation and laser charging. Explosively-driven firing sets include both explosive ferroelectric and explosive ferromagnetic firing set types. Item 6.A.2.b. includes xenon flashlamp drivers.

6.A.3.   Switching devices as follows:

a.

Cold-cathode tubes, whether gas filled or not, operating similarly to a spark gap, having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Containing three or more electrodes;

2.

Anode peak voltage rating of 2.5 kV or more;

3.

Anode peak current rating of 100 A or more; and

4.

Anode delay time of 10 μs or less;

Note:

Item 6.A.3.a. includes gas krytron tubes and vacuum sprytron tubes.

b.

Triggered spark-gaps having both of the following characteristics:

1.

Anode delay time of 15 μs or less; and

2.

Rated for a peak current of 500 A or more;

c.

Modules or assemblies with a fast switching function having all of the following characteristics:

1.

Anode peak voltage rating greater than 2 kV;

2.

Anode peak current rating of 500 A or more; and

3.

Turn-on time of 1 μs or less.

6.A.4.   Pulse discharge capacitors having either of the following sets of characteristics:

a.

1.

Voltage rating greater than 1.4 kV;

2.

Energy storage greater than 10 J;

3.

Capacitance greater than 0.5 μF; and

4.

Series inductance less than 50 nH; or

b.

1.

Voltage rating greater than 750 V;

2.

Capacitance greater than 0.25 μF; and

3.

Series inductance less than 10 nH.

6.A.5.   Neutron generator systems, including tubes, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Designed for operation without an external vacuum system; and

b.

1.

Utilizing electrostatic acceleration to induce a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction; or

2.

Utilizing electrostatic acceleration to induce a deuterium-deuterium nuclear reaction and capable of an output of 3 × 109 neutrons/s or greater.

6.A.6.   Striplines to provide low inductance path to detonators with the following characteristics:

a.

Voltage rating greater than 2 kV; and

b.

Inductance of less than 20 nH.

6.B.   TEST AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

None.

6.C.   MATERIALS

6.C.1.   High explosive substances or mixtures, containing more than 2 % by weight of any of the following:

a.

Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX ) (CAS 2691-41-0);

b.

Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) (CAS 121-82-4);

c.

Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) (CAS 3058-38-6);

d.

Aminodinitrobenzo-furoxan or 7-amino-4,6 nitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide (ADNBF) (CAS 97096-78-1);

e.

1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene (DADE or FOX7) (CAS 145250-81-3);

f.

2,4-dinitroimidazole (DNI) (CAS 5213-49-0);

g.

Diaminoazoxyfurazan (DAAOF or DAAF) (CAS 78644-89-0);

h.

Diaminotrinitrobenzene (DATB) (CAS 1630-08-6);

i.

Dinitroglycoluril (DNGU or DINGU) (CAS 55510-04-8);

j.

2,6-Bis (picrylamino)-3,5-dinitropyridine (PYX) (CAS 38082-89-2);

k.

3,3′-diamino-2,2′,4,4′,6,6′-hexanitrobiphenyl or dipicramide (DIPAM) (CAS 17215-44-0);

l.

Diaminoazofurazan (DAAzF) (CAS 78644-90-3);

m.

1,4,5,8-tetranitro-pyridazino[4,5-d] pyridazine (TNP) (CAS 229176-04-9);

n.

Hexanitrostilbene (HNS) (CAS 20062-22-0); or

o.

Any explosive with a crystal density greater than 1.8 g/cm3 and having a detonation velocity greater than 8 000 m/s.

6.D.   SOFTWARE

None.

6.E.   TECHNOLOGY

6.E.1.   “Technology” according to the Technology Controls for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment, material or “software” specified in 6.A. through 6.D.

ANNEX II

List of other goods and technology, including software, referred to in Article 3a

INTRODUCTORY NOTES

1.

Unless otherwise stated, reference numbers used in the column entitled “Description” refer to the descriptions of dual-use items set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009.

2.

A reference number in the column entitled “Related item from Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009” means that the characteristics of the item described in the column “Description” lie outside the parameters set out in the description of the dual-use entry referred to.

3.

Definitions of terms between ‘single quotation marks’ are given in a technical note to the relevant item.

4.

Definitions of terms between “double quotation marks” can be found in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009.

GENERAL NOTES

1.

The object of the controls contained in this Annex should not be defeated by the export of any non-controlled goods (including plant) containing one or more controlled components when the controlled component or components are the principal element of the goods and can feasibly be removed or used for other purposes.

N.B.:

In judging whether the controlled component or components are to be considered the principal element, it is necessary to weigh the factors of quantity, value and technological know-how involved and other special circumstances which might establish the controlled component or components as the principal element of the goods being procured.

2.

The goods specified in this Annex include both new and used goods.

GENERAL TECHNOLOGY NOTE (GTN)

(To be read in conjunction with section II.B.)

1.

The sale, supply, transfer or export of “technology” which is “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of goods the sale, supply, transfer or export of which is controlled in Part A (Goods) below, is controlled in accordance with the provisions of Section II.B.

2.

The “technology”“required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of goods under control remains under control even when applicable to non-controlled goods.

3.

Controls do not apply to that “technology” which is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance (checking) and repair of those goods which are not controlled or the export of which has been authorised in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 423/2007 or this Regulation.

4.

Controls on “technology” transfer do not apply to information “in the public domain”, to “basic scientific research” or to the minimum necessary information for patent applications.

II.A.   GOODS

A0.

Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment

No

Description

Related item from Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009

II.A0.001

Hollow cathode lamps as follows:

a.

Iodine hollow cathode lamps with windows in pure silicon or quartz

b.

Uranium hollow cathode lamps

II.A0.002

Faraday isolators in the wavelength range 500 nm – 650 nm

II.A0.003

Optical gratings in the wavelength range 500 nm – 650 nm

II.A0.004

Optical fibres in the wavelength range 500 nm – 650 nm coated with anti-reflecting layers in the wavelength range 500 nm – 650 nm and having a core diameter greater than 0,4 mm but not exceeding 2 mm

II.A0.005

Nuclear reactor vessel components and testing equipment, other than those specified in 0A001, as follows:

1.

Seals

2.

Internal components

3.

Sealing, testing and measurement equipment

0A001

II.A0.006

Nuclear detection systems for detection, identification or quantification of radioactive materials and radiation of nuclear origin and specially designed components thereof other than those specified in 0A001.j. or 1A004.c.

0A001.j

1A004.c

II.A0.007

Bellows-sealed valves made of aluminium alloy or stainless steel type 304, 304L or 316L.

Note:

This item does not cover bellow valves defined in 0B001.c.6 and 2A226.

0B001.c.6

2A226

II.A0.008

Laser mirrors, other than those specified in 6A005.e, consisting of substrates having a thermal expansion coefficient of 10– 6 K– 1 or less at 20 °C (e.g. fused silica or sapphire).

Note:

This item does not cover optical systems specially designed for astronomical applications, except if the mirrors contain fused silica.

0B001.g.5, 6A005.e

II.A0.009

Laser lenses, other than those specified in 6A005.e.2, consisting of substrates having a thermal expansion coefficient of 10– 6 K– 1 or less at 20 °C (e.g. fused silica).

0B001.g, 6A005.e.2

II.A0.010

Pipes, piping, flanges, fittings made of, or lined with, nickel or nickel alloy containing more than 40 % nickel by weight, other than those specified in 2B350.h.1.

2B350

II.A0.011

Vacuum pumps other than those specified in 0B002.f.2 or 2B231, as follows:

 

Turbomolecular pumps having a flowrate equal to or greater than 400 l/s,

 

Roots type vacuum roughing pumps having a volumetric aspiration flowrate greater than 200 m3/h.

Bellows-sealed, scroll, dry compressor, and bellows-sealed, scroll, dry vacuum pumps.

0B002.f.2, 2B231

II.A0.012

Shielded enclosures for the manipulation, storage and handling of radioactive substances (Hot cells).

0B006

II.A0.013

‘Natural uranium’ or ‘depleted uranium’ or thorium in the form of metal, alloy, chemical compound or concentrate and any other material containing one or more of the foregoing, other than those specified in 0C001.

0C001

II.A0.014

Detonation chambers having a capacity of explosion absorption of more than 2.5 kg TNT equivalent.

II.A0.015

‘Glove Boxes’, specially designed for radioactive isotopes, radioactive sources or radionuclides.

Technical Note:

‘Glove Boxes’ means equipment providing protection to the user, from hazardous vapour, particles or radiation, from materials inside the equipment being handled or processed by a person outside the equipment, by means of manipulators or gloves integrated into the equipment.

0B006

II.A0.016

Toxic gas monitoring systems designed for continuous operation and detection of Hydrogen Sulphide, and specially designed detectors therefore.

0A001

0B001.c

II.A0.017

Helium Leak Detectors.

0A001

0B001.c

A1.

aterials, chemicals, ‘microorganisms’ and ‘toxins’

No

Description

Related item from Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009

II.A1.001

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (HDEHP or D2HPA) CAS 298-07-7 solvent in any quantity, with a purity greater than 90 %.

II.A1.002

Fluorine gas (Chemical Abstract Number (CAS): 7782-41-4), with a purity of at least 95 %.

II.A1.003

Ring-shaped seals and gaskets, having an inner diameter of 400 mm or less, made of any of the following materials:

a.

Copolymers of vinylidene fluoride having 75 % or more beta crystalline structure without stretching;

b.

Fluorinated polyimides containing 10 % by weight or more of combined fluorine;

c.

Fluorinated phosphazene elastomers containing 30 % by weight or more of combined fluorine;

d.

Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE, e.g. Kel-F ®);

e.

Fluoro-elastomers (e.g., Viton ®, Tecnoflon ®);

f.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

II.A1.004

Personal equipment for detecting radiation of nuclear origin, including personal dosimeters.

Note:

This item does not cover nuclear detection systems defined in item 1A004.c.

1A004.c

II.A1.005

Electrolytic cells for fluorine production with an output capacity greater than 100 g of fluorine per hour.

Note:

This item does not cover electrolytic cells defined in item 1B225.

1B225

II.A1.006

Catalysts, other than those prohibited by 1A225, containing platinum, palladium or rhodium, usable for promoting the hydrogen isotope exchange reaction between hydrogen and water for the recovery of tritium from heavy water or for the production of heavy water.

1B231, 1A225

II.A1.007

Aluminium and its alloys, other than those specified in 1C002.b.4 or 1C202.a, in crude or semi-fabricated form having either of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C); or

b.

Having a tensile strength of 415 MPa or more at 298 K (25 °C).

1C002.b.4, 1C202.a

II.A1.008

Magnetic metals, of all types and of whatever form, having an initial relative permeability of 120 000 or more and a thickness between 0,05 and 0,1 mm.

1C003.a

II.A1.009

‘Fibrous or filamentary materials’ or prepregs, as follows:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A1.019.A.

a.

Carbon or aramid ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ having either of the following characteristics:

1.

A ‘specific modulus’ exceeding 10 × 106 m; or

2.

A ‘specific tensile strength’ exceeding 17 × 104 m;

b.

Glass ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ having either of the following characteristics:

1.

A ‘specific modulus’ exceeding 3,18 × 106 m; or

2.

A ‘specific tensile strength’ exceeding 76,2 × 103 m;

c.

Thermoset resin-impregnated continuous ‘yarns’, ‘rovings’, ‘tows’ or ‘tapes’ with a width of 15 mm or less (once prepregs), made from carbon or glass ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ other than those specified in II.A1.010.a. or b.

Note:

This item does not cover ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ defined in items 1C010.a, 1C010.b, 1C210.a and 1C210.b.

1C010.a

1C010.b

1C210.a

1C210.b

II.A1.010

Resin-impregnated or pitch-impregnated fibres (prepregs), metal or carbon-coated fibres (preforms) or ‘carbon fibre preforms’, as follows:

a.

Made from ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ specified in II.A1.009 above;

b.

Epoxy resin ‘matrix’ impregnated carbon ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ (prepregs), specified in 1C010.a, 1C010.b or 1C010.c, for the repair of aircraft structures or laminates, of which the size of individual sheets does not exceed 50 cm × 90 cm;

c.

Prepregs specified in 1C010.a, 1C010.b or 1C010.c, when impregnated with phenolic or epoxy resins having a glass transition temperature (Tg) less than 433 K (160 °C) and a cure temperature lower than the glass transition temperature.

Note:

This item does not cover ‘fibrous or filamentary materials’ defined in item 1C010.e.

1C010.e.

1C210

II.A1.011

Reinforced silicon carbide ceramic composites usable for nose tips, re-entry vehicles, nozzle flaps, usable in ‘missiles’, other than those specified in 1C107.

1C107

II.A1.012

Maraging steels, other than those specified in 1C116 or 1C216, ‘capable of’ an ultimate tensile strength of 2 050 MPa or more, at 293 K (20 °C).

Technical Note:

The phrase ‘maraging steel capable of’ encompasses maraging steel before or after heat treatment.

1C216

II.A1.013

Tungsten, tantalum, tungsten carbide, tantalum carbide and alloys, having both of the following characteristics:

a.

In forms having a hollow cylindrical or spherical symmetry (including cylinder segments) with an inside diameter between 50 mm and 300 mm; and

b.

A mass greater than 5 kg.

Note:

This item does not cover tungsten, tungsten carbide and alloys defined in item 1C226.

1C226

II.A1.014

Elemental powders of cobalt, neodymium or samarium or alloys or mixtures thereof containing at least 20 % by weight of cobalt, neodymium or samarium, with a particle size less than 200 μm.

II.A1.015

Pure tributyl phosphate (TBP) [CAS No 126-73-8] or any mixture having a TBP content of more than 5 % by weight.

II.A1.016

Maraging steel, other than those prohibited by 1C116, 1C216 or II.A1.012

Technical Note:

Maraging steels are iron alloys generally characterised by high nickel, very low carbon content and the use of substitutional elements or precipitates to produce strengthening and age-hardening of the alloy.

II.A1.017

Metals, metal powders and material as follows:

a.

Tungsten and tungsten alloys, other than those prohibited by 1C117, in the form of uniform spherical or atomized particles of 500 μm diameter or less with a tungsten content of 97 % by weight or more;

b.

Molybdenum and molybdenum alloys, other than those prohibited by 1C117, in the form of uniform spherical or atomized particles of 500 μm diameter or less with a molybdenum content of 97 % by weight or more;

c.

Tungsten materials in the solid form, other than those prohibited by 1C226, or II.A1.013 having material compositions as follows:

1.

Tungsten and alloys containing 97 % by weight or more of tungsten;

2.

Copper infiltrated tungsten containing 80 % by weight or more of tungsten; or

3.

Silver infiltrated tungsten containing 80 % by weight or more of tungsten.

II.A1.018

Soft magnetic alloys having a chemical composition as follows:

(a)

Iron content between 30 % and 60 %, and

(b)

Cobalt content between 40 % and 60 %.

II.A1.019

“Fibrous or filamentary materials” or prepregs, not prohibited by Annex I or by Annex II (under II.A1.009, II.A1.010) of this Regulation, or not specified by Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 428/2009, as follows:

(a)

Carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”;

Note:

II.A1.019a. does not cover fabrics.

(b)

Thermoset resin-impregnated continuous “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows”, or “tapes”, made from carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”;

(c)

Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) continuous “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows” or “tapes”

II.A1.020

Steel alloys in sheet or plate form, having any of the following characteristics:

(a)

Steel alloys ‘capable of’ ultimate tensile strength of 1 200 MPa or more, at 293 K (20 °C); or

(b)

Nitrogen-stabilised duplex stainless steel.

Note:

The phrase alloys ‘capable of’ encompasses alloys before or after heat treatment

Technical Note:

‘Nitrogen-stabilised duplex stainless steel’ has a two-phase microstructure consisting of grains of ferritic and austenitic steel with the addition of nitrogen to stabilise the microstructure.

1C116

1C216

II.A1.021

Carbon-Carbon Composite material.

1A002.b.1

II.A1.022

Nickel alloys in crude or semi-fabricated form, containing 60 % by weight or more nickel.

1C002.c.1.a

II.A1.023

Titanium alloys in sheet or plate form ‘capable of’ an ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C).

Note:

The phrase alloys ‘capable of’ encompasses alloys before or after heat treatment.

1C002.b.3

II.A1.024

Propellants and constituent chemicals for propellants as follows:

(a)

Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI)

(b)

Methyl Diphenyl Diisocyanate (MDI)

(c)

Isophorone Diiscocyanate (IPDI)

(d)

Sodium Perchlorate

(e)

Xylidine

(f)

Hydroxy Terminated Polyether (HTPE)

(g)

Hydroxy Terminated Caprolactone Ether (HTCE)

Technical Note:

This item refers to pure substance and any mixture containing at least 50 % of one of the chemicals mentioned above.

1C111

II.A1.025

‘Lubricating materials’ containing, as their principal ingredients, any of the following:

(a)

Perfluoroalkylether, (CAS 60164-51-4);

(b)

Perfluoropolyalkylether, PFPE, (CAS 6991-67-9).

‘Lubricating materials’ means oils and fluids.

1C006

II.A1.026

Beryllium-Copper or Copper-Beryllium Alloys in plate, sheet, strip or rolled bar form, having a composition comprising Copper as the major element by weight and other elements including less than 2 % by weight Beryllium.

1C002.b

A2.

Materials Processing

No

Description

Related item from Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009

II.A2.001

Vibration test systems, equipment and components thereof, other than those specified in 2B116:

a.

Vibration test systems employing feedback or closed loop techniques and incorporating a digital controller, capable of vibrating a system at an acceleration equal to or greater than 0,1 g rms between 0,1 Hz and 2 kHz and imparting forces equal to or greater than 50 kN, measured ‘bare table’;

b.

Digital controllers, combined with specially designed vibration test ‘software’, with a real-time bandwidth greater than 5 kHz designed for use with vibration test systems specified in a.;

c.

Vibration thrusters (shaker units), with or without associated amplifiers, capable of imparting a force equal to or greater than 50 kN, measured ‘bare table’, and usable in vibration test systems specified in a.;

d.

Test piece support structures and electronic units designed to combine multiple shaker units in a system capable of providing an effective combined force equal to or greater than 50 kN, measured ‘bare table’, and usable in vibration systems specified in a.

Technical Note:

‘Bare table’ means a flat table, or surface, with no fixture or fittings.

2B116

II.A2.002

Machine tools and components and numerical controls for machine tools, as follows:

a.

Machine tools for grinding having positioning accuracies with “all compensations available” equal to or less (better) than 15 μm according to ISO 230/2 (1988) (1) or national equivalents along any linear axis;

Note:

This item does not cover machine tools for grinding defined in items 2B201.b and 2B001.c.

b.

Components and numerical controls, specially designed for machine tools specified in 2B001, 2B201, or under a.

2B201.b

2B001.c

II.A2.003

Balancing machines and related equipment as follows:

a.

Balancing machines, designed or modified for dental or other medical equipment, having all the following characteristics:

1.

Not capable of balancing rotors/assemblies having a mass greater than 3 kg;

2.

Capable of balancing rotors/assemblies at speeds greater than 12 500 rpm;

3.

Capable of correcting imbalance in two planes or more; and

4.

Capable of balancing to a residual specific imbalance of 0,2 g × mm per kg of rotor mass;

b.

Indicator heads designed or modified for use with machines specified in a. above.

Technical Note:

Indicator heads are sometimes known as balancing instrumentation.

2B119

II.A2.004

Remote manipulators that can be used to provide remote actions in radiochemical separation operations or hot cells, other than those specified in 2B225, having either of the following characteristics:

a.

A capability of penetrating a hot cell wall of 0,3 m or more (through the wall operation); or

b.

A capability of bridging over the top of a hot cell wall with a thickness of 0,3 m or more (over the wall operation).

2B225

II.A2.006

Furnaces capable of operation at temperatures above 400 °C as follows:

a.

Oxidation furnaces

b.

Controlled atmosphere heat treatment furnaces

Note:

This item does not cover tunnel kilns with roller or car conveyance, tunnel kilns with conveyor belt, pusher type kilns or shuttle kilns, specially designed for the production of glass, tableware ceramics or structural ceramics.

2B226

2B227

II.A2.007

“Pressure transducers”, other than those defined in 2B230, capable of measuring absolute pressures at any point in the range 0 to 200 kPa and having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Pressure sensing elements made of or protected by “Materials resistant to corrosion by uranium hexafluoride (UF6)”, and

b.

Having either of the following characteristics:

1.

A full scale of less than 200 kPa and an “accuracy” of better than ± 1 % of full scale; or

2.

A full scale of 200 kPa or greater and an “accuracy” of better than 2 kPa.

2B230

II.A2.008

Liquid-liquid contacting equipment (mixer-settlers, pulsed columns, centrifugal contactors); and liquid distributors, vapour distributors or liquid collectors designed for such equipment, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from the following materials:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A2.014

1.

Stainless steel.

Note:

for stainless steel with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight see entry II.A2.014.a

2B350.e

II.A2.009

Industrial equipment and components, other than those specified in 2B350.d, as follows:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A2.015

Heat exchangers or condensers with a heat transfer surface area greater than 0,05 m2, and less than 30 m2; and tubes, plates, coils or blocks (cores) designed for such heat exchangers or condensers, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the fluid(s) are made from the following materials:

1.

Stainless steel.

Note 1:

for stainless steel with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight see entry II.A2.015a

Note 2:

This item does not cover vehicle radiators.

Technical Note:

The materials used for gaskets and seals and other implementation of sealing functions do not determine the status of control of the heat exchanger.

2B350.d

II.A2.010

Multiple-seal, and seal-less pumps, other than those specified in 2B350.i, suitable for corrosive fluids, with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 0,6 m3/hour, or vacuum pumps with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 5 m3/hour [measured under standard temperature (273 K or 0 °C) and pressure (101,3 kPa) conditions]; and casings (pump bodies), preformed casing liners, impellers, rotors or jet pump nozzles designed for such pumps, in which all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from the following materials:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A2.016

1.

Stainless steel;

Note:

for stainless steel with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight see entry II.A2.016a

Technical Note:

The materials used for gaskets and seals and other implementation of sealing functions do not determine the status of control of the pump.

2B350.i

II.A2.011

Centrifugal separators, capable of continuous separation without the propagation of aerosols and manufactured from:

1.

Alloys with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight;

2.

Fluoropolymers;

3.

Glass (including vitrified or enamelled coating or glass lining);

4.

Nickel or alloys with more than 40 % nickel by weight;

5.

Tantalum or tantalum alloys;

6.

Titanium or titanium alloys; or

7.

Zirconium or zirconium alloys.

Note:

This item does not cover centrifugal separators defined in item 2B352.c.

2B352.c

II.A2.012

Sintered metal filters made of nickel or nickel alloy with more than 40 % nickel by weight.

Note:

This item does not cover filters defined in item 2B352.d.

2B352.d

II.A2.013

Spin-forming machines and flow-forming machines, other than those controlled by 2B009, 2B109 or 2B209, having a roller force of more than 60 kN and specially designed components therefor.

Technical Note:

For the purpose of II.A2.013, machines combining the functions of spin-forming and flow-forming are regarded as flow-forming machines.

II.A2.014

Liquid-liquid contacting equipment (mixer-settlers, pulsed columns, centrifugal contactors); and liquid distributors, vapour distributors or liquid collectors designed for such equipment where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are any of the following:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A2.008.

a.

Made from any of the following materials:

1.

Alloys with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight;

2.

Fluoropolymers;

3.

Glass (including vitrified or enamelled coating or glass lining);

4.

Graphite or ‘carbon graphite’;

5.

Nickel or alloys with more than 40 % nickel by weight;

6.

Tantalum or tantalum alloys;

7.

Titanium or titanium alloys; or

8.

Zirconium or zirconium alloys; or

b.

Made from both stainless steel and one or more of the materials specified in II.A2.014.a.

Technical Note:

‘Carbon graphite’ is a composition consisting of amorphous carbon and graphite, in which the graphite content is 8 % or more by weight.

2B350.e

II.A2.015

Industrial equipment and components, other than those specified in 2B350.d, as follows:

N.B.

SEE ALSO II.A2.009.

Heat exchangers or condensers with a heat transfer surface area greater than 0,05 m2, and less than 30 m2; and tubes, plates, coils or blocks (cores) designed for such heat exchangers or condensers, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the fluid(s) are any of the following:

a.

Made from any of the following materials:

1.

Alloys with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight;

2.

Fluoropolymers;

3.

Glass (including vitrified or enamelled coating or glass lining);

4.

Graphite or ‘carbon graphite’;

5.

Nickel or alloys with more than 40 % nickel by weight;

6.

Tantalum or tantalum alloys;

7.

Titanium or titanium alloys;

8.

Zirconium or zirconium alloys;

9.

Silicon carbide; or

10.

Titanium carbide; or

b.

Made from both stainless steel and one or more of the materials specified in II.A2.015.a.

Note:

This item does not cover vehicle radiators.

Technical Note:

The materials used for gaskets and seals and other implementation of sealing functions do not determine the status of control of the heat exchanger.

2B350.d

II.A2.016

Multiple-seal, and seal-less pumps, other than those specified in 2B350.i, suitable for corrosive fluids, with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 0,6 m3/hour, or vacuum pumps with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 5 m3/hour [measured under standard temperature (273 K or 0 °C) and pressure (101,3 kPa) conditions]; and casings (pump bodies), preformed casing liners, impellers, rotors or jet pump nozzles designed for such pumps, in which all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are any of the following:

NB.

SEE ALSO II.A2.010.

a.

Made from any of the following materials:

1.

Alloys with more than 25 % nickel and 20 % chromium by weight;

2.

Ceramics;

3.

Ferrosilicon;

4.

Fluoropolymers;

5.

Glass (including vitrified or enamelled coatings or glass lining);

6.

Graphite or ‘carbon graphite’

7.

Nickel or alloys with more than 40 % nickel by weight;

8.

Tantalum or tantalum alloys;

9.

Titanium or titanium alloys;

10.

Zirconium or zirconium alloys;

11.

Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys; or

12.

Aluminium alloys; or

b.

Made from both stainless steel and one or more of the materials specified in II.A2.016.a.

Technical Note:

The materials used for gaskets and seals and other implementation of sealing functions do not determine the status of control of the pump.

2B350.i

II.A2.017

Electrical Discharge Machine (EDM) tools for removing or cutting metals, ceramics or “composites”, as follows, and specially designed ram, sinker or wire electrodes therefor:

(a)

Ram or sinker electrode Electrical Discharge Machines;

(b)

Wire electrode Electrical Discharge Machines.

Note:

Electrical Discharge Machines are also known as Spark Erosion Machines or Wire Erosion Machines.

2B001.d

II.A2.018

Computer controlled or “numerically controlled” co-ordinate measuring machines (CMM), or dimensional inspection machines, having a three dimensional (volumetric) maximum permissible error of indication (MPPE) at any point in the operating range of the machine (i.e. within the length axes) equal to or less (better) than (3 + L/1 000) μm (L is the measured length in mm), tested according to ISO 10360-2 (2001), and measurement probes designed therefor.

2B006.a

2B206.a

II.A2.019

Computer controlled or “numerically controlled” Electron Beam Welding Machines, and specially designed components therefor.

2B001.e.1.b

II.A2.020

Computer controlled or “numerically controlled” Laser Welding and Laser Cutting Machines, and specially designed components therefor.

2B001.e.1.c

II.A2.021

Computer controlled or “numerically controlled” Plasma Cutting Machines, and specially designed components therefor.

2B001.e.1

II.A2.022

Vibration Monitoring Equipment specially designed for rotors or rotating equipment and machinery, capable of measuring any frequency in the range 600-2 000 Hz.

2B116

II.A2.023

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, and specially designed components therefore.

2B231

2B350.i

II.A2.024

Rotary Vane Vacuum Pumps, and specially designed components therefore.

Note 1:

II.A2.024 does not control rotary vane vacuum pumps that are specially designed for specific other equipment.

Note 2:

The control status of rotary vane vacuum pumps that are specially designed for specific other equipment is determined by the control status of the other equipment

2B231

2B235.i

0B002.f

II.A2.025

Air filters, as follows, having one or more physical size dimension exceeding 1 000 mm:

(a)

High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters;

(b)

Ultra-Low Penetration Air (ULPA) filters.

Note:

II.A2.025 does not control air filters specially designed for medical equipment.

2B352.d

A3.

Electronics

No

Description

Related item from Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 428/2009

II.A3.001

High voltage direct current power supplies having both of the following characteristics:

a.

Capable of continuously producing, over a time period of eight hours, 10 kV or more, with output power of 5 kW or more with or without sweeping; and

b.

Current or voltage stability better than 0,1 % over a time period of four hours.

Note:

This item does not cover power supplies defined in items 0B001.j.5 and 3A227.

3A227

II.A3.002

Mass spectrometers, other than those specified in 3A233 or 0B002.g, capable of measuring ions of 200 atomic mass units or more and having a resolution of better than 2 parts in 200, as follows, and ion sources thereof:

a.

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers (ICP/MS);

b.

Glow discharge mass spectrometers (GDMS);

c.

Thermal ionisation mass spectrometers (TIMS);

d.

Electron bombardment mass spectrometers which have a source chamber constructed from, lined with or plated with ‘materials resistant to corrosion by uranium hexafluoride UF6’;

e.

Molecular beam mass spectrometers having either of the following characteristics: