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Document 01997R0338-20170204

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Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 of 9 December 1996 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/1997/338/2017-02-04
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01997R0338 — EN — 04.02.2017 — 020.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 338/97

of 9 December 1996

on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein

(OJ L 061 3.3.1997, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

 M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 938/97 of 26 May 1997

  L 140

1

30.5.1997

 M2

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2307/97 of 18 November 1997

  L 325

1

27.11.1997

 M3

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2214/98 of 15 October 1998

  L 279

3

16.10.1998

 M4

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1476/1999 of 6 July 1999

  L 171

5

7.7.1999

 M5

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2724/2000 of 30 November 2000

  L 320

1

18.12.2000

 M6

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1579/2001 of 1 August 2001

  L 209

14

2.8.2001

 M7

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2476/2001 of 17 December 2001

  L 334

3

18.12.2001

 M8

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1497/2003 of 18 August 2003

  L 215

3

27.8.2003

►M9

REGULATION (EC) No 1882/2003 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 29 September 2003

  L 284

1

31.10.2003

 M10

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 834/2004 of 28 April 2004

  L 127

40

29.4.2004

 M11

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1332/2005 of 9 August 2005

  L 215

1

19.8.2005

 M12

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 318/2008 of 31 March 2008

  L 95

3

8.4.2008

 M13

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 407/2009 of 14 May 2009

  L 123

3

19.5.2009

►M14

REGULATION (EC) No 398/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 April 2009

  L 126

5

21.5.2009

 M15

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 709/2010 of 22 July 2010

  L 212

1

12.8.2010

 M16

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 101/2012 of 6 February 2012

  L 39

133

11.2.2012

 M17

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1158/2012 of 27 November 2012

  L 339

1

12.12.2012

 M18

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 750/2013 of 29 July 2013

  L 212

1

7.8.2013

 M19

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1320/2014 of 1 December 2014

  L 361

1

17.12.2014

 M20

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2016/2029 of 10 November 2016

  L 316

1

23.11.2016

 M21

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/128 of 20 January 2017

  L 21

1

26.1.2017

►M22

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/160 of 20 January 2017

  L 27

1

1.2.2017


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 298, 1.11.1997, p.  70  (338/1997)

 C2

Corrigendum, OJ L 139, 5.6.2009, p.  35 (407/2009)

 C3

Corrigendum, OJ L 023, 28.1.2017, p.  123 (2017/128)




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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 338/97

of 9 December 1996

on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein



Article 1

Object

The object of this Regulation is to protect species of wild fauna and flora and to guarantee their conservation by regulating trade therein in accordance with the following Articles.

This Regulation shall apply in compliance with the objectives, principles and provisions of the Convention defined in Article 2.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation:

(a) ‘committee’ shall mean the Committee on Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora, established under Article 18;

(b) ‘convention’ shall mean the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Cites);

(c) ‘country of origin’ shall mean the country in which a specimen was taken from the wild, captive-bred or artificially propagated;

(d) ‘import notification’ shall mean the notification given by the importer or his agent or representative, at the time of the introduction into the Community of a specimen of a species included in Annexes C or D, on a form prescribed by the Commission in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 18;

(e) ‘introduction from the sea’ shall mean the introduction into the Community of any specimen which was taken in, and is being introduced directly from, the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State, including the air-space above the sea and the sea-bed and subsoil beneath the sea;

(f) ‘issuance’ shall mean the completion of all procedures involved in preparing and validating a permit or certificate and its delivery to the applicant;

(g) ‘management authority’ shall mean a national administrative authority designated, in the case of a Member State, in accordance with Article 13(1)(a) or, in the case of a third country party to the Convention, in accordance with Article IX of the Convention;

(h) ‘member state of destination’ shall mean the Member State of destination mentioned in the document used to export or re-export a specimen; in the event of introduction from the sea, it shall mean the Member State within whose jurisdiction the place of destination of a specimen lies;

(i) ‘offering for sale’ shall mean offering for sale and any action that may reasonably be construed as such, including advertising or causing to be advertised for sale and invitation to treat;

(j) ‘personal or household effects’ shall mean dead specimens, parts and derivatives thereof, that are the belongings of a private individual and that form, or are intended to form, part of his normal goods and chattels;

(k) ‘place of destination’ shall mean the place at which at the time of introduction into the Community, it is intended that specimens will normally be kept; in the case of live specimens, this shall be the first place where specimens are intended to be kept following any period of quarantine or other confinement for the purposes of sanitary checks and controls;

(l) ‘population’ shall mean a biologically or geographically distinct total number of individuals;

(m) ‘primarily commercial purposes’ shall mean all purposes the non-commercial aspects of which do not clearly predominate;

(n) ‘re-export from the Community’ shall mean export from the Community of any specimen that has previously been introduced;

(o) ‘reintroduction into the Community’ shall mean introduction into the Community of any specimen that has previously been exported or re-exported;

(p) ‘sale’ shall mean any form of sale. For the purposes of this Regulation, hire, barter or exchange shall be regarded as sale; cognate expressions shall be similarly construed;

(q) ‘scientific authority’ shall mean a scientific authority designated, in the case of a Member State, in accordance with Article 13(1)(b) or, in the case of a third country party to the Convention, in accordance with Article IX of the Convention;

(r) ‘scientific review group’ shall mean the consultative body established under Article 17;

(s) ‘species’ shall mean a species, subspecies or population thereof;

(t) ‘specimen’ shall mean any animal or plant, whether alive or dead, of the species listed in Annexes A to D, any part or derivative thereof, whether or not contained in other goods, as well as any other goods which appear from an accompanying document, the packaging or a mark or label, or from any other circumstances, to be or to contain parts or derivatives of animals or plants of those species, unless such parts or derivatives are specifically exempted from the provisions of this Regulation or from the provisions relating to the Annex in which the species concerned is listed by means of an indication to that effect in the Annexes concerned.

A specimen will be considered to be a specimen of a species listed in Annexes A to D if it is, or is part of or derived from, an animal or plant at least one of whose ‘parents’ is of a species so listed. In cases where the ‘parents’ of such an animal or plant are of species listed in different Annexes, or of species only one of which is listed, the provisions of the more restrictive Annex shall apply. However, in the case of specimens of hybrid plants, if one of the ‘parents’ is of a species listed in Annex A, the provisions of the more restrictive Annex shall apply only if that species is annotated to that effect in the Annex;

(u) ‘trade’ shall mean the introduction into the Community, including introduction from the sea, and the export and re-export therefrom, as well as the use, movement and transfer of possession within the Community, including within a Member State, of specimens subject to the provisions of this Regulation;

(v) ‘transit’ shall mean the transport of specimens between two points outside the Community through the territory of the Community which are shipped to a named consignee and during which any interruption in the movement arises only from the arrangements necessitated by this form of traffic;

(w) ‘worked specimens that were acquired more than 50 years previously’ shall mean specimens that were significantly altered from their natural raw state for jewellery, adornment, art, utility, or musical instruments, more than 50 years before the entry into force of this Regulation and that have been, to the satisfaction of the management authority of the Member State concerned, acquired in such conditions. Such specimens shall be considered as worked only if they are clearly in one of the aforementioned categories and require no further carving, crafting or manufacture to effect their purpose;

(x) ‘checks at the time of introduction, export, re-export and transit’ shall mean documentary checks on the certificates, permits and notifications provided for in this Regulation and — in cases where Community provisions so provide or in other cases by representative sampling of the consignments — examination of the specimens, where appropriate accompanied by the taking of samples with a view to analysis or more detailed checks.

Article 3

Scope

1.  Annex A shall contain:

(a) the species listed in Appendix I to the Convention for which the Member States have not entered a reservation;

(b) any species:

(i) which is, or may be, in demand for utilization in the Community or for international trade and which is either threatened with extinction or so rare that any level of trade would imperil the survival of the species;

or

(ii) which is in a genus of which most of the species or which is a species of which most of the subspecies are listed in Annex A in accordance with the criteria in subparagraphs (a) or (b)(i) and whose listing in the Annex is essential for the effective protection of those taxa.

2.  Annex B shall contain:

(a) the species listed in Appendix II to the Convention, other than those listed in Annex A, for which the Member States have not entered a reservation;

(b) the species listed in Appendix I to the Convention for which a reservation has been entered;

(c) any other species not listed in Appendices I or II to the Convention:

(i) which is subject to levels of international trade that might not be compatible:

 with its survival or with the survival of populations in certain countries, or

 with the maintenance of the total population at a level consistent with the role of the species in the ecosystems in which it occurs:

or

(ii) whose listing in the Annex for reasons of similarity in appearance to other species listed in Annex A or Annex B, is essential in order to ensure the effectiveness of controls on trade in specimens of such species;

(d) species in relation to which it has been established that the introduction of live specimens into the natural habitat of the Community would constitute an ecological threat to wild species of fauna and flora indigenous to the Community.

3.  Annex C shall contain:

(a) the species listed in Appendix III to the Convention, other than those listed in Annexes A or B, for which the Member States have not entered a reservation;

(b) the species listed in Appendix II to the Convention for which a reservation has been entered.

4.  Annex D shall contain:

(a) species not listed in Annexes A to C which are imported into the Community in such numbers as to warrant monitoring;

(b) the species listed in Appendix III to the Convention for which a reservation has been entered.

5.  Where the conservation status of species covered by this Regulation warrants their inclusion in one of the Appendices to the Convention, the Member States shall contribute to the necessary amendments.

Article 4

Introduction into the Community

1.  The introduction into the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annex A shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation, at the border customs office at the point of introduction, of an import permit issued by a management authority of the Member State of destination.

The import permit may be issued only in accordance with the restrictions established pursuant to paragraph 6 and when the following conditions have been met:

(a) the competent scientific authority, after considering any opinion by the Scientific Review Group, has advised that the introduction into the Community:

(i) would not have a harmful effect on the conservation status of the species or on the extent of the territory occupied by the relevant population of the species;

(ii) is taking place:

 for one of the purposes referred to in Article 8(3)(e), (f) and (g), or

 for other purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species concerned;

(b)

 

(i) the applicant provides documentary evidence that the specimens have been obtained in accordance with the legislation on the protection of the species concerned which, in the case of import from a third country of specimens of a species listed in the Appendices to the Convention, shall be an export permit or re-export certificate, or copy thereof, issued in accordance with the Convention by a competent authority of the country of export or re-export;

(ii) however, the issuance of import permits for species listed in Annex A in accordance with Article 3(1)(a) shall not require such documentary evidence, but the original of any such import permit shall be withheld from the applicant pending presentation of the export permit or re-export certificate;

(c) the competent scientific authority is satisfied that the intended accommodation for a live specimen at the place of destination is adequately equipped to conserve and care for it properly;

(d) the management authority is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes;

(e) the management authority is satisfied, following consultation with the competent scientific authority, that there are no other factors relating to the conservation of the species which militate against issuance of the import permit; and

(f) in the case of introduction from the sea, the management authority is satisfied that any live specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

2.  The introduction into the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annex B shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation, at the border customs office at the point of introduction, of an import permit issued by a management authority of the Member State of destination.

The import permit may be issued only in accordance with the restrictions established pursuant to paragraph 6 and when:

(a) the competent scientific authority, after examining available data and considering any opinion from the Scientific Review Group, is of the opinion that the introduction into the Community would not have a harmful effect on the conservation status of the species or on the extent of the territory occupied by the relevant population of the species, taking account of the current or anticipated level of trade. This opinion shall be valid for subsequent imports as long as the abovementioned aspects have not changed significantly;

(b) the applicant provides documentary evidence that the intended accommodation for a live specimen at the place of destination is adequately equipped to conserve and care for it properly;

(c) the conditions referred to in paragraph 1(b)(i), (e) and (f) have been met.

3.  The introduction into the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annex C shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation, at the border customs office at the point of introduction, of an import notification and:

(a) in the case of export from a country mentioned in relation to the species concerned in Annex C, the applicant shall provide documentary evidence, by means of an export permit issued in accordance with the Convention by an authority of that country competent for the purpose, that the specimens have been obtained in accordance with the national legislation on the conservation of the species concerned; or

(b) in the case of export from a country not mentioned in relation to the species concerned in Annex C or re-export from any country, the applicant shall present an export permit, a re-export certificate or a certificate of origin issued in accordance with the Convention by an authority of the exporting or re-exporting country competent for the purpose.

4.  The introduction into the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annex D shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation of an import notification at the border customs office at the point of introduction.

5.  The conditions for the issuance of an import permit as referred to in paragraph 1(a) and (d) and in paragraph 2(a), (b) and (c) shall not apply to specimens for which the applicant provides documentary evidence:

(a) that they had previously been legally introduced into or acquired in the Community and that they are, modified or not, being reintroduced into the Community; or

(b) that they are worked specimens that were acquired more than 50 years previously.

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6.  In consultation with the countries of origin concerned, in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2) and taking account of any opinion from the Scientific Review Group, the Commission may establish general restrictions, or restrictions relating to certain countries of origin, on the introduction into the Community:

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(a) on the basis of the conditions referred to in paragraph 1(a)(i) or (e), of specimens of species listed in Annex A;

(b) on the basis of the conditions referred to in paragraph 1(e) or paragraph 2(a), of specimens of species listed in Annex B; and

(c) of live specimens of species listed in Annex B which have a high mortality rate during shipment or for which it has been established that they are unlikely to survive in captivity for a considerable proportion of their potential life span; or

(d) of live specimens of species for which it has been established that their introduction into the natural environment of the Community presents an ecological threat to wild species of fauna and flora indigenous to the Community.

The Commission shall on a quarterly basis publish a list of such restrictions, if any, in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

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7.  Where special cases of transhipment, air transfer or rail transport occur following introduction into the Community, derogations from completion of the checks and presentations of import documents at the border customs office at the point of introduction which are referred to in paragraphs 1 to 4 shall be granted by the Commission in order to permit such checks and presentations to be made at another customs office designated in accordance with Article 12(1).

Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

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Article 5

Export or re-export from the Community

1.  The export or re-export from the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annex A shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation, at the customs office at which the export formalities are completed, of an export permit or re-export certificate issued by a management authority of the Member State in which the specimens are located.

2.  An export permit for specimens of the species listed in Annex A may be issued only when the following conditions have been met:

(a) the competent scientific authority has advised in writing that the capture or collection of the specimens in the wild or their export will not have a harmful effect on the conservation status of the species or on the extent of the territory occupied by the relevant population of the species;

(b) the applicant provides documentary evidence that the specimens have been obtained in accordance with the legislation in force on the protection of the species in question; where the application is made to a Member State other than the Member State of origin, such documentary evidence shall be furnished by means of a certificate stating that the specimen was taken from the wild in accordance with the legislation in force on its territory;

(c) the management authority is satisfied that:

(i) any live specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

(ii)

 

 the specimens of species not listed in Annex I to the Convention will not be used for primarily commercial purposes, or

 in the case of export to a State party to the Convention of specimens of the species referred to in Article 3(1)(a) of this Regulation, an import permit has been issued;

and

(d) the management authority of the Member State is satisfied, following consultation with the competent scientific authority, that there are no other factors relating to the conservation of the species which militate against issuance of the export permit.

3.  A re-export certificate may be issued only when the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 (c) and (d) have been met and when the applicant provides documentary evidence that the specimens:

(a) were introduced into the Community in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation;

(b) if introduced into the Community before the entry into force of this Regulation, were introduced in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82; or

(c) if introduced into the Community before 1984, entered international trade in accordance with the provisions of the Convention; or

(d) were legally introduced into the territory of a Member State before the provisions of the Regulations referred to in (a) and (b) or of the Convention became applicable to them, or became applicable in that Member State.

4.  The export or re-export from the Community of specimens of the species listed in Annexes B and C shall be subject to completion of the necessary checks and the prior presentation, at the customs office at which the export formalities are completed, of an export permit or re-export certificate issued by a management authority of the Member State in whose territory the specimens are located.

An export permit may be issued only when the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 (a), (b), (c) (i) and (d) have been met.

A re-export certificate may be issued only when the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 (c) (i) and (d) and in paragraph 3 (a) to (d) have been met.

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5.  Where an application for a re-export certificate concerns specimens introduced into the Community under an import permit issued by another Member State, the management authority must first consult the management authority which issued the permit. The consultation procedures and the cases in which consultation is necessary shall be established by the Commission. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

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6.  The conditions for the issuance of an export permit or re-export certificate as referred to in paragraph 2 (a) and (c) (ii) shall not apply to:

(i) worked specimens that were acquired more than 50 years previously; or

(ii) dead specimens and parts and derivatives thereof for which the applicant provides documentary evidence that they were legally acquired before the provisions of this Regulation, or of Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82 or of the Convention became applicable to them.

7.  

(a) The competent scientific authority in each Member State shall monitor the issuance of export permits by that Member State for specimens of species listed in Annex B and actual exports of such specimens. Whenever such scientific authority determines that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystem in which it occurs, and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in Annex A in accordance with Article 3 (1) (a) or (b) (i), the scientific authority shall advise the competent management authority, in writing, of suitable measures to be taken to limit the issuance of export permits for specimens of that species

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(b) Whenever a management authority is advised of the measures referred to in (a), it shall inform and send comments to the Commission which shall, if appropriate, recommend restrictions on exports of the species concerned in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2).

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Article 6

Rejection of applications for permits and certificates referred to in Articles 4, 5 and 10

1.  When a Member State rejects an application for a permit or certificate in a case of significance in respect of the objectives of this Regulation, it shall immediately inform the Commission of the rejection and of the reasons for rejection.

2.  The Commission shall communicate information received in accordance with paragraph 1 to the other Member States in order to ensure uniform application of this Regulation.

3.  When an application is made for a permit or certificate relating to specimens for which such an application has previously been rejected, the applicant must inform the competent authority to which the application is submitted of the previous rejection.

4.  

(a) Member States shall recognize the rejection of applications by the competent authorities of the other Member States, where such rejection is based on the provisions of this Regulation.

(b) However, this need not apply where the circumstances have significantly changed or where new evidence to support an application has become available. In such cases, if a management authority issues a permit or certificate, it shall inform the Commission thereof, stating the reasons for issuance.

Article 7

Derogations

1.  Specimens born and bred in captivity or artificially propagated

(a) Save where Article 8 applies, specimens of species listed in Annex A that have been born and bred in captivity or artificially propagated shall be treated in accordance with the provisions applicable to specimens of species listed in Annex B.

(b) In the case of artificially propagated plants, the provisions of Articles 4 and 5 may be waived under special conditions laid down by the Commission, relating to:

(i) the use of phytosanitary certificates;

(ii) trade by registered commercial traders and by the scientific institutions referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article; and

(iii) trade in hybrids.

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(c) The criteria for determining whether a specimen has been born and bred in captivity or artificially propagated and whether for commercial purposes, as well as the special conditions referred to in (b), shall be specified by the Commission. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

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2.  Transit

(a) By way of derogation from Article 4, where a specimen is in transit through the Community, checks and presentation at the border customs office at the point of introduction of the prescribed permits, certificates and notifications shall not be required.

(b) In the case of species listed in the Annexes in accordance with Article 3 (1) and Article 3 (2) (a) and (b), the derogation referred to in (a) shall apply only where a valid export or re-export document provided for by the Convention, relating to the specimens that it accompanies and specifying the destination of the specimens, has been issued by the competent authorities of the exporting or re-exporting third country.

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(c) If the document referred to in (b) has not been issued before export or re-export, the specimen must be seized and may, where applicable, be confiscated unless the document is submitted retrospectively in compliance with the conditions specified by the Commission. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

3.  Personal and household effects

By way of derogation from Articles 4 and 5, the provisions therein shall not apply to dead specimens, parts and derivatives of species listed in Annexes A to D which are personal or household effects being introduced into the Community, or exported or re-exported therefrom, in compliance with provisions that shall be specified by the Commission. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

4.  Scientific institutions

The documents referred to in Articles 4, 5, 8 and 9 shall not be required in the case of non-commercial loans, donations and exchanges between scientists and scientific institutions, registered by the management authorities of the States in which they are located, of herbarium specimens and other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and of live plant material, bearing a label, the model for which has been determined in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2) or a similar label issued or approved by a management authority of a third country.

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Article 8

Provisions relating to the control of commercial activities

1.  The purchase, offer to purchase, acquisition for commercial purposes, display to the public for commercial purposes, use for commercial gain and sale, keeping for sale, offering for sale or transporting for sale of specimens of the species listed in Annex A shall be prohibited.

2.  Member States may prohibit the holding of specimens, in particular live animals of the species listed in Annex A.

3.  In accordance with the requirements of other Community legislation on the conservation of wild fauna and flora, exemption from the prohibitions referred to in paragraph 1 may be granted by issuance of a certificate to that effect by a management authority of the Member State in which the specimens are located, on a case-by-case basis where the specimens:

(a) were acquired in, or were introduced into, the Community before the provisions relating to species listed in Appendix I to the Convention or in Annex C1 to Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82 or in Annex A became applicable to the specimens; or

(b) are worked specimens that were acquired more than 50 years previously; or

(c) were introduced into the Community in compliance with the provisions of this Regulation and are to be used for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species concerned; or

(d) are captive-born and bred specimens of an animal species or artificially propagated specimens of a plant species or are parts or derivatives of such specimens; or

(e) are required under exceptional circumstances for the advancement of science or for essential biomedical purposes pursuant to Council Directive 86/609/EEC of 24 November 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes ( 1 ) where the species in question proves to be the only one suitable for those purposes and where there are no specimens of the species which have been born and bred in captivity; or

(f) are intended for breeding or propagation purposes from which conservation benefits will accrue to the species concerned; or

(g) are intended for research or education aimed at the preservation or conservation of the species; or

(h) originate in a Member State and were taken from the wild in accordance with the legislation in force in that Member State.

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4.  General derogations from the prohibitions referred to in paragraph 1 based on the conditions referred to in paragraph 3, as well as general derogations with regard to species listed in Annex A in accordance with point (ii) of Article 3(1)(b) may be defined by the Commission. Any such derogations must be in accordance with the requirements of other Community legislation on the conservation of wild fauna and flora. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

▼B

5.  The prohibitions referred to in paragraph 1 shall also apply to specimens of the species listed in Annex B except where it can be proved to the satisfaction of the competent authority of the Member State concerned that such specimens were acquired and, if they originated outside the Community, were introduced into it, in accordance with the legislation in force for the conservation of wild fauna and flora.

6.  The competent authorities of the Member States shall have discretion to sell any specimen of the species listed in Annexes B to D they have confiscated under this Regulation, provided that it is not thus returned directly to the person or entity from whom it was confiscated or who was party to the offence. Such specimens may then be treated for all purposes as if they had been legally acquired.

Article 9

Movement of live specimens

1.  Any movement within the Community of a live specimen of a species listed in Annex A from the location indicated in the import permit or in any certificate issued in compliance with this Regulation shall require prior authorization from a management authority of the Member State in which the specimen is located. In other cases of movement, the person responsible for moving the specimen must be able, where applicable, to provide proof of the legal origin of the specimen.

2.  Such authorization shall:

(a) be granted only when the competent scientific authority of such Member State or, where the movement is to another Member State, the competent scientific authority of the latter, is satisfied that the intended accommodation for a live specimen at the place of destination is adequately equipped to conserve and care for it properly;

(b) be confirmed by issuance of a certificate; and

(c) where applicable, be immediately communicated to a management authority of the Member State in which the specimen is to be located.

3.  However, no such authorization shall be required if a live animal must be moved for the purpose of urgent veterinary treatment and is returned directly to its authorized location.

4.  Where a live specimen of a species listed in Annex B is moved within the Community, the holder of the specimen may relinquish it only after ensuring that the intended recipient is adequately informed of the accommodation, equipment and practices required to ensure the specimen will be properly cared for.

5.  When any live specimens are transported into, from or within the Community or are held during any period of transit or transhipment, they shall be prepared, moved and cared for in a manner such as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment and, in the case of animals, in conformity with Community legislation on the protection of animals during transport.

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6.  The Commission may establish restrictions on the holding or movement of live specimens of such species in relation to which restrictions on introduction into the Community have been established in accordance with Article 4(6). Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

▼B

Article 10

Certificates to be issued

On receiving an application, together with all the requisite supporting documents, from the person concerned and provided that all the conditions governing their issuance have been fulfilled, a management authority of a Member State may issue a certificate for the purposes referred to in Article 5 (2) (b), 5 (3) and (4), Article 8 (3) and Article 9 (2) (b).

Article 11

Validity of and special conditions for permits and certificates

1.  Without prejudice to stricter measures which the Member States may adopt or maintain, permits and certificates issued by the competent authorities of the Member States in accordance with this Regulation shall be valid throughout the Community.

2.  

(a) However, any such permit or certificate, as well as any permit or certificate issued on the basis of it, shall be deemed void if a competent authority or the Commission, in consultation with the competent authority which issued the permit or certificate, establishes that it was issued on the false premise that the conditions for its issuance were met.

(b) Specimens situated in the territory of a Member State and covered by such documents shall be seized by the competent authorities of that Member State and may be confiscated.

3.  Any permit or certificate issued in accordance with this Regulation may stipulate conditions and requirements imposed by the issuing authority to ensure compliance with the provisions thereof. Where such conditions or requirements need to be incorporated in the design of permits or certificates, Member States shall inform the Commission thereof.

4.  Any import permit issued on the basis of a copy of the corresponding export permit or re-export certificate shall be valid for the introduction of specimens into the Community only when accompanied by the original of the valid export permit or re-export certificate.

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5.  The Commission shall establish time limits for the issuance of permits and certificates. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

▼B

Article 12

Places of introduction and export

1.  Member States shall designate customs offices for carrying out the checks and formalities for the introduction into and export from the Community, in order to assign to them a customs-approved treatment or use, within the meaning of Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92, of specimens of species covered by this Regulation and shall state which offices are specifically intended to deal with live specimens.

2.  All offices designated in accordance with paragraph 1 shall be provided with sufficient and adequately trained staff. Member States shall ensure that accommodation is provided in accordance with relevant Community legislation as regards the transport and accommodation of live animals and that, where necessary, adequate steps are taken for live plants.

3.  All offices designated in accordance with paragraph 1 shall be notified to the Commission which shall publish a list of them in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

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4.  In exceptional cases and in accordance with the criteria defined by the Commission, a management authority may authorise the introduction into the Community or the export or re-export therefrom at a customs office other than one designated in accordance with paragraph 1. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

▼B

5.  Member States shall ensure that at border crossing-points the public are informed of the implementing provisions of this Regulation.

Article 13

Management and scientific authorities and other competent authorities

1.  

(a) Each Member State shall designate a management authority with primary responsibility for implementation of this Regulation and for communication with the Commission:

(b) Each Member State may also designate additional management authorities and other competent authorities to assist in implementation, in which case the primary management authority shall be responsible for providing the additional authorities with all the information required for correct application of this Regulation.

2.  Each Member State shall designate one or more scientific authorities with appropriate qualifications whose duties shall be separate from those of any designated management authority.

3.  

(a) Not later than three months before the date of application of this Regulation, Member States shall forward the names and addresses of the designated management authorities, other authorities competent to issue permits or certificates and scientific authorities to the Commission, which shall publish this information in the Official Journal of the European Communities within a month.

(b) Each management authority referred to in paragraph 1 (a) shall, if so requested by the Commission, communicate to it within two months the names and specimen signatures of people authorized to sign permits or certificates, and impressions of the stamps, seals or other devices used to authenticate permits or certificates.

(c) Member States shall communicate to the Commission any changes in the information already provided, not later than two months after the implementation of such change.

Article 14

Monitoring of compliance and investigation of infringements

1.  

(a) The competent authorities of the Member States shall monitor compliance with the provisions of this Regulation.

(b) If, at any time, the competent authorities have reason to believe that these provisions are being infringed, they shall take the appropriate steps to ensure compliance or to instigate legal action.

(c) Member States shall inform the Commission and, in the case of species listed in the Appendices to the Convention, the Convention Secretariat of any steps taken by the competent authorities in relation to significant infringements of this Regulation, including seizures and confiscations.

2.  The Commission shall draw the attention of the competent authorities of the Member States to matters whose investigation it considers necessary under this Regulation. Member States shall inform the Commission and, in the case of species listed in the Appendices to the Convention, the Convention Secretariat of the outcome of any subsequent investigation.

3.  

(a) An enforcement group shall be established consisting of the representatives of each Member State's authorities with responsibility for ensuring the implementation of the provisions of this Regulation. The group shall be chaired by the representative of the Commission.

(b) The enforcement group shall examine any technical question relating to the enforcement of this Regulation raised by the chairman, either on his own initiative or at the request of the members of the group or the committee.

(c) The Commission shall convey the opinions expressed in the enforcement group to the committee.

Article 15

Communication of information

1.  The Member States and the Commission shall communicate to one another the information necessary for implementing this Regulation.

The Member States and the Commission shall ensure that the necessary steps are taken to make the public aware and inform it of the provisions regarding implementation of the Convention and of this Regulation and of the latter's implementing measures.

2.  The Commission shall communicate with the Convention Secretariat so as to ensure that the Convention is effectively implemented throughout the territory to which this Regulation applies.

3.  The Commission shall immediately communicate any advice from the Scientific Review Group to the management authorities of the Member States concerned.

4.  

(a) The management authorities of the Member States shall communicate to the Commission before 15 June each year all the information relating to the preceding year required for drawing up the reports referred to in Article VIII.7 (a) of the Convention and equivalent information on international trade in all specimens of species listed in Annexes A, B and C and on introduction into the Community of specimens of species listed in Annex D. ►M14  The information to be communicated and the format for its presentation shall be specified by the Commission in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2). ◄

(b) On the basis of the information referred to in (a), the Commission shall publish before 31 October each year a statistical report on the introduction into, and the export and re-export from, the Community of specimens of the species to which this Regulation applies and shall forward to the Convention Secretariat information on the species to which the Convention applies.

(c) Without prejudice to Article 20, the management authorities of the Member States shall, before 15 June of each second year, and for the first time in 1999, communicate to the Commission all the information relating to the preceding two years required for drawing up the reports referred to in Article VIII.7 (b) of the Convention and equivalent information on the provisions of this Regulation that fall outside the scope of the Convention. ►M14  The information to be communicated and the format for its presentation shall be specified by the Commission in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2). ◄

(d) On the basis of the information referred to in (c), the Commission shall, before 31 October of each second year, and for the first time in 1999, draw up a report on the implementation and enforcement of this Regulation.

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5.  With a view to the preparation of amendments to the Annexes, the competent authorities of the Member States shall forward all relevant information to the Commission. The Commission shall specify the information required, in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2).

▼B

►C1  6.  Without prejudice to Council Directive 90/313/EEC ◄ of 7 June 1990 on the freedom of access to information on the environment ( 2 ), the Commission shall take appropriate measures to protect the confidentiality of information obtained in implementation of this Regulation.

Article 16

Sanctions

1.  Member States shall take appropriate measures to ensure the imposition of sanctions for at least the following infringements of this Regulation:

(a) introduction into, or export or re-export from, the Community of specimens without the appropriate permit or certificate or with a false, falsified or invalid permit or certificate or one altered without authorization by the issuing authority;

(b) failure to comply with the stipulations specified on a permit or certificate issued in accordance with this Regulation;

(c) making a false declaration or knowingly providing false information in order to obtain a permit or certificate;

(d) using a false, falsified or invalid permit or certificate or one altered without authorization as a basis for obtaining a Community permit or certificate or for any other official purpose in connection with this Regulation;

(e) making no import notification or a false import notification;

(f) shipment of live specimens not properly prepared so as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment;

(g) use of specimens of species listed in Annex A other than in accordance with the authorization given at the time of issuance of the import permit or subsequently;

(h) trade in artificially propagated plants contrary to the provisions laid down in accordance with Article 7(1)(b);

(i) shipment of specimens into or out of or in transit through the territory of the Community without the appropriate permit or certificate issued in accordance with this Regulation and, in the case of export or re-export from a third country party to the Convention, in accordance therewith, or without satisfactory proof of the existence of such permit or certificate;

(j) purchase, offer to purchase, acquisition for commercial purposes, use for commercial gain, display to the public for commercial purposes, sale, keeping for sale, offering for sale or transporting for sale of specimens in contravention of Article 8;

(k) use of a permit or certificate for any specimen other than one for which it was issued;

(l) falsification or alteration of any permit or certificate issued in accordance with this Regualation;

(m) failure to disclose rejection of an application for a Community import, export or re-export permit or certificate, in accordance with Article 6 (3).

2.  The measures referred to in paragraph 1 shall be appropriate to the nature and gravity of the infringement and shall include provisions relating to the seizure and, where appropriate, confiscation of specimens.

3.  Where a specimen is confiscated, it shall be entrusted to a competent authority of the Member State of confiscation which:

(a) following consultation with a scientific authority of that Member State, shall place or otherwise dispose of the specimen under conditions which it deems to be appropriate and consistent with the purposes and provisions of the Convention and this Regulation; and

(b) in the case of a live specimen which has been introduced into the Community, may, after consultation with the State of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of the convicted person.

4.  Where a live specimen of a species listed in Annex B or C arrives at a point of introduction into the Community without the appropriate valid permit or certificate, the specimen must be seized and may be confiscated or, if the consignee refuses to acknowledge the specimen, the competent authorities of the Member State responsible for the point of introduction may, if appropriate, refuse to accept the shipment and require the carrier to return the specimen to its place of departure.

Article 17

The Scientific Review Group

1.  A Scientific Review Group is hereby established, consisting of the representatives of each Member State's scientific authority or authorities and chaired by the representative of the Commission.

2.  

(a) The Scientific Review Group shall examine any scientific question relating to the application of this Regulation — in particular concerning Article 4 (1) (a), (2) (a) and (6) — raised by the chairman, either on his own initiative or at the request of the members of the Group or the Committee.

(b) The Commission shall convey the opinions of the Scientific Review Group to the Committee.

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Article 18

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by a committee.

2.  Where reference is made to this Article, Articles 5 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC ( 3 ) shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

The period laid down in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at three months. As regards the Committee's tasks referred to in points 1 and 2 of Article 19, if, on the expiry of a period of three months from the date of referral to the Council, the Council has not acted, the proposed measures shall be adopted by the Commission.

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3.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5a(1) to (4) and Article 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

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4.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5a(1) to (4) and (5)(b) and Article 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

The time limits laid down in Article 5a(3)(c) and (4)(b) and (e) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at one month, one month and two months respectively.

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Article 19

1.  In accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2), the Commission shall adopt the measures referred to in Article 4(6), Article 5(7)(b), Article 7(4), Article 15(4)(a) and (c), Article 15(5) and Article 21(3).

The Commission shall determine the design of the documents referred to in Articles 4, 5, 7(4) and 10 in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2).

2.  The Commission shall adopt the measures referred to in Article 4(7), Article 5(5), Article 7(1)(c), (2)(c) and (3), Article 8(4), Article 9(6), Article 11(5) and Article 12(4). Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

3.  The Commission shall lay down uniform conditions and criteria for:

(a) the issue, validity and use of the documents referred to in Articles 4, 5, 7(4) and 10;

(b) the use of phytosanitary certificates referred to in Article 7(1)(b)(i);

(c) the establishment of procedures, where necessary, for marking specimens in order to facilitate identification and ensure enforcement of the provisions.

Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

4.  The Commission shall adopt, where necessary, additional measures to implement resolutions of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, decisions or recommendations of the Standing Committee of the Convention and recommendations of the Convention Secretariat. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(3).

5.  The Commission shall amend Annexes A to D except in the case of amendments to Annex A which do not result from decisions of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention. Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 18(4).

▼B

Article 20

Final provisions

Each Member State shall notify the Commission and the Convention Secretariat of the provisions which it adopts specifically for the implementation of this Regulation and of all legal instruments used and measures taken for its implementation and enforcement.

The Commission shall communicate this information to the other Member States.

Article 21

1.  Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82 is hereby repealed.

2.  Until the measures provided for in points 1 and 2 of Article 19 have been adopted, Member States may maintain or continue to apply the measures adopted in accordance with Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82 and Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3418/83 of 28 November 1983 laying down provisions for the uniform issue and use of the documents required for the implementation in the Community of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora ( 4 ).

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3.  Two months before this Regulation is implemented the Commission, in accordance with the regulatory procedure referred to in Article 18(2) and in consultation with the Scientific Review Group:

▼B

(a) must check that there is no justification for restrictions on the introduction into the Community of the species listed in Annex C1 to Regulation (EEC) No 3626/82 which are not included in Annex A to this Regulation;

(b) shall adopt a Regulation amending Annex D into a representative list of species meeting the criteria laid down in Article 3 (4) (a).

Article 22

This Regulation shall enter into force on the date of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

It shall apply from 1 June 1997.

Articles 12, 13, 14 (3), 116, 17, 18, 19 and 21(3) shall apply from the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

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ANNEX

Notes on interpretation of Annexes A, B, C and D

1. Species included in Annexes A, B, C and D are referred to:

(a) by the name of the species; or

(b) as being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated part thereof.

2. The abbreviation ‘spp.’ is used to denote all species of a higher taxon.

3. Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only.

4. Species printed in bold in Annex A are listed there in consistency with their protection as provided for by Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 5 ) or Council Directive 92/43/EEC ( 6 ).

5. The following abbreviations are used for plant taxa below the level of species:

(a) ‘ssp.’ is used to denote subspecies;

(b) ‘var(s).’ is used to denote variety (varieties); and

(c) ‘fa.’ is used to denote forma.

6. The symbols ‘(I)’, ‘(II)’ and ‘(III)’ placed against the name of a species or higher taxon refer to the Appendices to the Convention in which the species concerned are listed as indicated in notes 7, 8 and 9. Where none of these annotations appears, the species concerned are not listed in the Appendices to the Convention.

7. (I) against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that the species or higher taxon concerned is included in Appendix I to the Convention.

8. (II) against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that the species or higher taxon concerned is included in Appendix II to the Convention.

9. (III) against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that it is included in Appendix III to the Convention. In this case the country with respect to which the species or higher taxon is included in Appendix III is also indicated.

10. ‘Cultivar’ means, following the definition of the 8th edition of the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, an assemblage of plants that (a) has been selected for a particular character or combination of characters, (b) is distinct, uniform, and stable in these characters, and (c) when propagated by appropriate means, retains those characters. No new taxon of a cultivar can be regarded as such until its category name and circumscription has been formally published in the latest edition of the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants.

11. Hybrids may be specifically included in the Appendices but only if they form distinct and stable populations in the wild. Hybrid animals that have in their previous four generations of the lineage one or more specimens of species included in Annexes A or B shall be subject to this Regulation just as if they were full species, even if the hybrid concerned is not specifically included in the Annexes.

12. When a species is included in Annex A, B or C, all parts and derivatives of the species are also included in the same Annex unless the species is annotated to indicate that only specific parts and derivatives are included. In accordance with Article 2(t), the symbol ‘#’ followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon included in Annex B or C designates parts or derivatives which are specified in relation thereto for the purposes of this Regulation as follows:

#1 Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

(a) seeds, spores and pollen (including pollinia);

(b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;

(c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants; and

(d) fruits and parts and derivatives thereof of artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla.

#2 Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

(a) seeds and pollen; and

(b) finished products packaged and ready for retail trade.

#3 Designates whole and sliced roots and parts of roots, excluding manufactured parts or derivatives, such as powders, pills, extracts, tonics, teas and confectionery.

#4 Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

(a) seeds (including seedpods of Orchidaceae), spores and pollen (including pollinia). The exemption does not apply to seeds from Cactaceae spp. exported from Mexico, and to seeds from Beccariophoenix madagascariensis and Dypsis decaryi exported from Madagascar;

(b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;

(c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants;

(d) fruits and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla (Orchidaceae) and of the family Cactaceae;

(e) stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus (Cactaceae); and

(f) finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade.

#5 Designates logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets.

#6 Designates logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets and plywood.

#7 Designates logs, wood-chips, powder and extracts.

#8 Designates underground parts (i.e. roots, rhizomes): whole, parts and powdered.

#9 Designates all parts and derivatives, except those bearing a label ‘Produced from Hoodia spp. material obtained through controlled harvesting and production under the terms of an agreement with the relevant CITES Management Authority of [Botswana under agreement No. BW/xxxxxx] [Namibia under agreement No. NA/xxxxxx] [South Africa under agreement No. ZA/xxxxxx]’.

#10 Designates logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, including unfinished wood articles used for the fabrication of bows for stringed musical instruments.

#11 Designates logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder and extracts. Finished products containing such extracts as ingredients, including fragrances, are not considered to be covered by this annotation.

#12 Designates logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood and extracts. Finished products containing such extracts as ingredients, including fragrances, are not considered to be covered by this annotation.

#13 Designates the kernel (also known as ‘endosperm’, ‘pulp’ or ‘copra’) and any derivative thereof.

#14 Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

(a) seeds and pollen;

(b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;

(c) fruits;

(d) leaves;

(e) exhausted agarwood powder, including compressed powder in all shapes; and

(f) finished products packaged and ready for retail trade, this exemption does not apply to wood chips, beads, prayer beads and carvings.

#15 Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

(a) leaves, flowers, pollen, fruit, and seeds;

(b) non-commercial trade of a maximum total weight of 10 kg per shipment;

(c) parts and derivatives of Dalbergia cochinchinensis which are covered by Annotation #4;

(d) parts and derivatives of Dalbergia spp. originating and exported from Mexico which are covered by Annotation #6.

#16 Designates seeds, fruits, oil and live plants.

13. The terms and expressions below, used in annotations in these Annexes, are defined as follows:

Extract

Any substance obtained directly from plant material by physical or chemical means regardless of the manufacturing process. An extract may be solid (e.g. crystals, resin, fine or coarse particles), semisolid (e.g. gums, waxes) or liquid (e.g. solutions, tinctures, oil and essential oils).

Finished products packaged and ready for retail trade

Products, shipped singly or in bulk, requiring no further processing, packaged, labelled for final use or the retail trade in a state fit for being sold to or used by the general public.

Powder

A dry, solid substance in the form of fine or coarse particles

Woodchips

Wood that has been reduced to small pieces

14. As none of the species or higher taxa of FLORA included in Annex A is annotated to the effect that its hybrids shall be treated in accordance with Article 4(1), this means that artificially propagated hybrids produced from one or more of these species or taxa may be traded with a certificate of artificial propagation, and that seeds and pollen (including pollinia), cut flowers, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers of these hybrids are not subject to this Regulation.

15. Urine, faeces and ambergris which are waste products and gained without the manipulation of the animal concerned are not subject to this Regulation.

16. In respect of fauna species listed in Annex D, this Regulation shall apply only to live specimens and whole, or substantially whole, dead specimens except for taxa which are annotated as follows to show that other parts and derivatives are also covered:

§ 1

Any whole, or substantially whole, skins, raw or tanned.

§ 2

Any feathers or any skin or other part with feathers on it.

17. In respect of flora species listed in Annex D, this Regulation shall apply only to live specimens except for taxa which are annotated as follows to show that other parts and derivatives are also covered:

§ 3

Dried and fresh plants, including, where appropriate; leaves, roots/rootstock, stems, seeds/spores, bark and fruits.

§ 4

Logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets.



 

Annex A

Annex B

Annex C

Common name

FAUNA

CHORDATA (CHORDATES)

MAMMALIA

 

 

 

Mammals

ARTIODACTYLA

 

 

 

 

Antilocapridae

 

 

 

Pronghorn

 

Antilocapra americana (I) (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

 

Mexican pronghorn

Bovidae

 

 

 

Antelopes, cattle, duikers, gazelles, goats, sheep etc.

 

Addax nasomaculatus (I)

 

 

Addax

 

 

Ammotragus lervia (II)

 

Barbary sheep

 

 

 

Antilope cervicapra (III Nepal/Pakistan)

Blackbuck

 

Bos gaurus (I) (Excludes the domesticated form referenced as Bos frontalis which is not subject to this Regulation)

 

 

Gaur

 

Bos mutus (I) (Excludes the domesticated form referenced as Bos grunniens which is not subject to this Regulation)

 

 

Wild yak

 

Bos sauveli (I)

 

 

Kouprey

 

 

 

Boselaphus tragocamelus (III Pakistan)

Nilgai

 

 

 

Bubalus arnee (III Nepal) (Excludes the domesticated form referenced as Bubalus bubalis, which is not subject to this Regulation)

Wild Asiatic buffalo

 

Bubalus depressicornis (I)

 

 

Lowland anoa

 

Bubalus mindorensis (I)

 

 

Tamarau

 

Bubalus quarlesi (I)

 

 

Mountain anoa

 

 

Budorcas taxicolor (II)

 

Takin

 

Capra falconeri (I)

 

 

Markhor

 

 

Capra caucasica (II)

 

Caucasian Tur

 

 

 

Capra hircus aegagrus (III Pakistan) (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to this Regulation)

Wild goat

 

 

 

Capra sibirica (III Pakistan)

Siberian Ibex

 

Capricornis milneedwardsii (I)

 

 

Chinese serow

 

Capricornis rubidus (I)

 

 

Red serow

 

Capricornis sumatraensis (I)

 

 

Sumatran serow

 

Capricornis thar (I)

 

 

Himalayan serow

 

 

Cephalophus brookei (II)

 

Brooke's duiker

 

 

Cephalophus dorsalis (II)

 

Bay duiker

 

Cephalophus jentinki (I)

 

 

Jentink's duiker

 

 

Cephalophus ogilbyi (II)

 

Ogilby's duiker

 

 

Cephalophus silvicultor (II)

 

Yellow-backed duiker

 

 

Cephalophus zebra (II)

 

Zebra duiker

 

 

Damaliscus pygargus pygargus (II)

 

Bontebok

 

 

 

Gazella bennettii (III Pakistan)

Chinkara

 

Gazella cuvieri (I)

 

 

Cuvier's gazelle

 

 

 

Gazella dorcas (III Algeria/Tunisia)

Dorcas gazelle

 

Gazella leptoceros (I)

 

 

Slender-horned gazelle

 

Hippotragus niger variani (I)

 

 

Giant sable antelope

 

 

Kobus leche (II)

 

Lechwe

 

Naemorhedus baileyi (I)

 

 

Red goral

 

Naemorhedus caudatus (I)

 

 

Long-tailed goral

 

Naemorhedus goral (I)

 

 

Himalayan goral

 

Naemorhedus griseus (I)

 

 

Chinese goral

 

Nanger dama (I)

 

 

Dama gazelle

 

Oryx dammah (I)

 

 

Scimitar-horned oryx

 

Oryx leucoryx (I)

 

 

Arabian oryx

 

 

Ovis ammon (II) (Except for the subspecies included in Annex A)

 

Argali

 

Ovis ammon hodgsonii (I)

 

 

Tibetan argali

 

Ovis ammon nigrimontana (I)

 

 

Kara Tau argali

 

 

Ovis aries (Except for the domesticated form Ovis aries aries, the subspecies included in Annex A and the subspecies O. a. isphahanica, O. a. laristanica, O. a. musimon and O. a. orientalis which are not included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

Urial

 

Ovis aries ophion (I)

 

 

Cyprus mouflon

 

Ovis aries vignei (I)

 

 

Ladakh urial

 

 

Ovis canadensis (II) (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

Mexican bighorn sheep

 

Pantholops hodgsonii (I)

 

 

Chiru

 

 

Philantomba monticola (II)

 

Blue duiker

 

 

 

Pseudois nayaur (III Pakistan)

Bharal

 

Pseudoryx nghetinhensis (I)

 

 

Saola

 

Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata (II)

 

 

Abruzzo chamois

 

 

Saiga borealis (II)

 

Mongolian saiga

 

 

Saiga tatarica (II)

 

Steppe saiga

 

 

 

Tetracerus quadricornis (III Nepal)

Four-horned antelope

Camelidae

 

 

 

Camels, guanaco, vicuña

 

 

Lama guanicoe (II)

 

Guanaco

 

Vicugna vicugna (I) (Except for the populations of: Argentina [the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan]; Bolivia [the whole population]; Chile [population of the Primera Región]; Ecuador [the whole population] and Peru [the whole population]; which are included in Annex B)

Vicugna vicugna (II) (Only the populations of Argentina [the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan]; Bolivia [the whole population]; Chile [population of the Primera Región]; Ecuador [the whole population] and Peru [the whole population]; all other populations are included in Annex A) (1)

 

Vicuña

Cervidae

 

 

 

Deer, huemuls, muntjacs, pudus

 

Axis calamianensis (I)

 

 

Calamian deer

 

Axis kuhlii (I)

 

 

Bawean deer

 

 

 

Axis porcinus (III Pakistan (Except for the subspecies included in Annex A))

Hog deer

 

Axis porcinus annamiticus (I)

 

 

Indochina hog deer

 

Blastocerus dichotomus (I)

 

 

Marsh deer

 

 

Cervus elaphus bactrianus (II)

 

Bactrian deer

 

 

 

Cervus elaphus barbarus (III Algeria/Tunisia)

Barbary deer

 

Cervus elaphus hanglu (I)

 

 

Hangul

 

Dama dama mesopotamica (I)

 

 

Persian fallow deer

 

Hippocamelus spp. (I)

 

 

Huemuls

 

 

 

Mazama temama cerasina (III Guatemala)

Central American red brocket

 

Muntiacus crinifrons (I)

 

 

Black muntjac

 

Muntiacus vuquangensis (I)

 

 

Giant muntjac

 

 

 

Odocoileus virginianus mayensis (III Guatemala)

Guatemalan white-tailed deer

 

Ozotoceros bezoarticus (I)

 

 

Pampas deer

 

 

Pudu mephistophiles (II)

 

Northern pudu

 

Pudu puda (I)

 

 

Southern pudu

 

Rucervus duvaucelii (I)

 

 

Barasingha

 

Rucervus eldii (I)

 

 

Eld's deer

Hippopotamidae

 

 

 

Hippopotamuses

 

 

Hexaprotodon liberiensis (II)

 

Pygmy hippopotamus

 

 

Hippopotamus amphibius (II)

 

Common hippopotamus

Moschidae

 

 

 

Musk deer

 

Moschus spp. (I) (Only the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan; all other populations are included in Annex B)

Moschus spp. (II) (Except for the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, which are included in Annex A)

 

Musk deer

Suidae

 

 

 

Babirusa, hogs, pigs

 

Babyrousa babyrussa (I)

 

 

Buru babirusa

 

Babyrousa bolabatuensis (I)

 

 

Bola Batu babirusa

 

Babyrousa celebensis (I)

 

 

North Sulawesi babirusa

 

Babyrousa togeanensis (I)

 

 

Malenge babirusa

 

Sus salvanius (I)

 

 

Pygmy hog

Tayassuidae

 

 

 

Peccaries

 

 

Tayassuidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A and excluding the populations of Pecari tajacu of Mexico and the United States, which are not included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

Peccaries

 

Catagonus wagneri (I)

 

 

Chacoan peccary

CARNIVORA

 

 

 

 

Ailuridae

 

 

 

 

 

Ailurus fulgens (I)

 

 

Red panda

Canidae

 

 

 

Dogs, foxes, wolves

 

 

 

Canis aureus (III India)

Golden jackal

 

Canis lupus (I/II)

(All populations except those of Spain north of the Duero and Greece north of the 39th parallel. Populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan are listed in Appendix I; all other populations are listed in Appendix II. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo)

Canis lupus (II) (Populations of Spain north of the Duero and Greece north of the 39th parallel. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo)

 

Grey wolf

 

Canis simensis

 

 

Ethiopian wolf

 

 

Cerdocyon thous (II)

 

Crab-eating fox

 

 

Chrysocyon brachyurus (II)

 

Maned wolf

 

 

Cuon alpinus (II)

 

Dhole

 

 

Lycalopex culpaeus (II)

 

Culpeo

 

 

Lycalopex fulvipes (II)

 

Darwin's fox

 

 

Lycalopex griseus (II)

 

South American grey fox

 

 

Lycalopex gymnocercus (II)

 

Pampas fox

 

Speothos venaticus (I)

 

 

Bush dog

 

 

 

Vulpes bengalensis (III India)

Bengal fox

 

 

Vulpes cana (II)

 

Blanford's fox

 

 

Vulpes zerda (II)

 

Fennec fox

Eupleridae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cryptoprocta ferox (II)

 

Fossa

 

 

Eupleres goudotii (II)

 

Falanouc

 

 

Fossa fossana (II)

 

Malagasy civet

Felidae

 

 

 

Cats, cheetahs, leopards, lions, tigers etc.

 

 

Felidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A. Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to this Regulation. For Panthera leo (African populations): A zero annual export quota is established for specimens of bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls and teeth removed from the wild and traded for commercial purposes.

Annual export quotas for trade in bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls and teeth for commercial purposes, derived from captive breeding operations in South Africa, will be established and communicated annually to the CITES Secretariat.)

 

Cats

 

Acinonyx jubatus (I) (Annual export quotas for live specimens and hunting trophies are granted as follows: Botswana: 5; Namibia: 150; Zimbabwe: 50. The trade in such specimens is subject to Article 4(1))

 

 

Cheetah

 

Caracal caracal (I) (Only the population of Asia; all other populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Asian Caracal

 

Catopuma temminckii (I)

 

 

Asian golden cat

 

Felis nigripes (I)

 

 

Black-footed cat

 

Felis silvestris (II)

 

 

Wild cat

 

Leopardus geoffroyi (I)

 

 

Geoffroy's cat

 

Leopardus jacobitus (I)

 

 

Andean mountain cat

 

Leopardus pardalis (I)

 

 

Ocelot

 

Leopardus tigrinus (I)

 

 

Oncilla

 

Leopardus wiedii (I)

 

 

Margay

 

Lynx lynx (II)

 

 

Eurasian lynx

 

Lynx pardinus (I)

 

 

Iberian lynx

 

Neofelis nebulosa (I)

 

 

Clouded leopard

 

Panthera leo persica (I)

 

 

Asiatic lion

 

Panthera onca (I)

 

 

Jaguar

 

Panthera pardus (I)

 

 

Leopard

 

Panthera tigris (I)

 

 

Tiger

 

Pardofelis marmorata (I)

 

 

Marbled cat

 

Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis (I) (Only the populations of Bangladesh, India and Thailand; all other populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Bengal leopard cat

 

Prionailurus iriomotensis (II)

 

 

Iriomote cat

 

Prionailurus planiceps (I)

 

 

Flat-headed cat

 

Prionailurus rubiginosus (I) (Only the population of India; all other populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Rusty-spotted cat

 

Puma concolor costaricensis (I)

 

 

Costa Rican cougar

 

Puma yagouaroundi (I) (Only the populations of Central and North America; all other populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Jaguarundi

 

Uncia uncia (I)

 

 

Snow leopard

Herpestidae

 

 

 

Mongooses

 

 

 

Herpestes edwardsi (III India/Pakistan)

Indian grey mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes fuscus (III India)

Indian brown mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes javanicus (III Pakistan)

Small Asian mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes javanicus auropunctatus (III India)

Small Indian mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes smithii (III India)

Ruddy mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes urva (III India)

Crab-eating mongoose

 

 

 

Herpestes vitticollis (III India)

Stripe-necked mongoose

Hyaenidae

 

 

 

Aardwolf, hyenas

 

 

 

Hyaena hyaena (III Pakistan)

Striped hyena

 

 

 

Proteles cristata (III Botswana)

Aardwolf

Mephitidae

 

 

 

Skunks

 

 

Conepatus humboldtii (II)

 

Humboldt's hog-nosed skunk

Mustelidae

 

 

 

Badgers, martens, weasels etc.

Lutrinae

 

 

 

Otters

 

 

Lutrinae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Otters

 

Aonyx capensis microdon (I) (Only the populations of Cameroon and Nigeria; all other populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Cameroon clawless otter

 

Enhydra lutris nereis (I)

 

 

Southern sea otter

 

Lontra felina (I)

 

 

Marine otter

 

Lontra longicaudis (I)

 

 

Neotropical otter

 

Lontra provocax (I)

 

 

Southern river otter

 

Lutra lutra (I)

 

 

European otter

 

Lutra nippon (I)

 

 

Japanese otter

 

Pteronura brasiliensis (I)

 

 

Giant otter

Mustelinae

 

 

 

Grisons, martens, tayra, weasels

 

 

 

Eira barbara (III Honduras)

Tayra

 

 

 

Galictis vittata (III Costa Rica)

Greater grison

 

 

 

Martes flavigula (III India)

Yellow-throated marten

 

 

 

Martes foina intermedia (III India)

Stone marten

 

 

 

Martes gwatkinsii (III India)

Nilgiri marten

 

 

 

Mellivora capensis (III Botswana)

Honey badger

 

Mustela nigripes (I)

 

 

Black-footed ferret

Odobenidae

 

 

 

Walrus

 

 

Odobenus rosmarus (III Canada)

 

Walrus

Otariidae

 

 

 

Fur seals, sealions

 

 

Arctocephalus spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Fur seals

 

Arctocephalus philippii (II)

 

 

Juan Fernández fur seal

 

Arctocephalus townsendi (I)

 

 

Guadalupe fur seal

Phocidae

 

 

 

Seals

 

 

Mirounga leonina (II)

 

Southern elephant seal

 

Monachus spp. (I)

 

 

Monk seals

Procyonidae

 

 

 

Coatis, olingos

 

 

 

Bassaricyon gabbii (III Costa Rica)

Olingo

 

 

 

Bassariscus sumichrasti (III Costa Rica)

Cacomistle

 

 

 

Nasua narica (III Honduras)

White-nosed coati

 

 

 

Nasua nasua solitaria (III Uruguay)

South Brazilian coati

 

 

 

Potos flavus (III Honduras)

Kinkajou

Ursidae

 

 

 

Bears

 

 

Ursidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Bears

 

Ailuropoda melanoleuca (I)

 

 

Giant panda

 

Helarctos malayanus (I)

 

 

Sun bear

 

Melursus ursinus (I)

 

 

Sloth bear

 

Tremarctos ornatus (I)

 

 

Spectacled bear

 

Ursus arctos (I/II)

(Only the populations of Bhutan, China, Mexico and Mongolia and the subspecies Ursus arctos isabellinus are listed in Appendix I; all other populations and subspecies are listed in Appendix II)

 

 

Brown bear

 

Ursus thibetanus (I)

 

 

Asian black bear

Viverridae

 

 

 

Binturong, civets, linsangs, otter-civet, palm civet

 

 

 

Arctictis binturong (III India)

Binturong

 

 

 

Civettictis civetta (III Botswana)

African civet

 

 

Cynogale bennettii (II)

 

Otter civet

 

 

Hemigalus derbyanus (II)

 

Banded palm civet

 

 

 

Paguma larvata (III India)

Masked palm civet

 

 

 

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (III India)

Asian palm civet

 

 

 

Paradoxurus jerdoni (III India)

Jerdon's palm civet

 

 

Prionodon linsang (II)

 

Banded linsang

 

Prionodon pardicolor (I)

 

 

Spotted linsang

 

 

 

Viverra civettina (III India)

Malabar large-spotted civet

 

 

 

Viverra zibetha (III India)

Large Indian civet

 

 

 

Viverricula indica (III India)

Small Indian civet

CETACEA

 

 

 

Cetaceans (dolphins, porpoises, whales)

 

CETACEA spp. (I/II) (2)

 

 

Cetaceans

CHIROPTERA

 

 

 

 

Phyllostomidae

 

 

 

Broad-nosed bats

 

 

 

Platyrrhinus lineatus (III Uruguay)

White-lined bat

Pteropodidae

 

 

 

Fruit bats, flying foxes

 

 

Acerodon spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Flying foxes

 

Acerodon jubatus (I)

 

 

Golden-capped fruit bat

 

 

Pteropus spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A and except for Pteropus brunneus.)

 

Flying foxes

 

Pteropus insularis (I)

 

 

Ruck flying fox

 

Pteropus livingstonii (II)

 

 

Comoro flying fox

 

Pteropus loochoensis (I)

 

 

Japanese flying fox

 

Pteropus mariannus (I)

 

 

Marianas flying fox

 

Pteropus molossinus (I)

 

 

Caroline flying fox

 

Pteropus pelewensis (I)

 

 

Pelew flying fox

 

Pteropus pilosus (I)

 

 

Large Pelew flying fox

 

Pteropus rodricensis (II)

 

 

Rodrigues flying fox

 

Pteropus samoensis (I)

 

 

Samoan flying fox

 

Pteropus tonganus (I)

 

 

Pacific flying fox

 

Pteropus ualanus (I)

 

 

Kosrae flying fox

 

Pteropus voeltzkowi (II)

 

 

Pemba flying fox

 

Pteropus yapensis (I)

 

 

Yap flying fox

CINGULATA

 

 

 

 

Dasypodidae

 

 

 

Armadillos

 

 

 

Cabassous centralis (III Costa Rica)

Northern naked-tailed armadillo

 

 

 

Cabassous tatouay (III Uruguay)

Greater naked-tailed armadillo

 

 

Chaetophractus nationi (II) (A zero annual export quota has been established. All specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Annex A and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly)

 

Andean hairy armadillo

 

Priodontes maximus (I)

 

 

Giant armadillo

DASYUROMORPHIA

 

 

 

 

Dasyuridae

 

 

 

Dunnarts, marsupial mice, planigales

 

Sminthopsis longicaudata (I)

 

 

Long-tailed dunnart

 

Sminthopsis psammophila (I)

 

 

Sandhill dunnart

DIPROTODONTIA

 

 

 

 

Macropodidae

 

 

 

Kangaroos, wallabies

 

 

Dendrolagus inustus (II)

 

Grizzled tree-kangaroo

 

 

Dendrolagus ursinus (II)

 

Ursine tree-kangaroo

 

Lagorchestes hirsutus (I)

 

 

Rufous hare-wallaby

 

Lagostrophus fasciatus (I)

 

 

Banded hare-wallaby

 

Onychogalea fraenata (I)

 

 

Bridled nail-tail wallaby

Phalangeridae

 

 

 

Cuscus

 

 

Phalanger intercastellanus (II)

 

Eastern common cuscus

 

 

Phalanger mimicus (II)

 

Southern common cuscus

 

 

Phalanger orientalis (II)

 

Northern common cuscus

 

 

Spilocuscus kraemeri (II)

 

Admiralty Island cuscus

 

 

Spilocuscus maculatus (II)

 

Common spotted cuscus

 

 

Spilocuscus papuensis (II)

 

Waigeou cuscus

Potoroidae

 

 

 

Rat-kangaroos

 

Bettongia spp. (I)

 

 

Bettongs

Vombatidae

 

 

 

Wombats

 

Lasiorhinus krefftii (I)

 

 

Northern hairy-nosed wombat

LAGOMORPHA

 

 

 

 

Leporidae

 

 

 

Hares, rabbits

 

Caprolagus hispidus (I)

 

 

Hispid hare

 

Romerolagus diazi (I)

 

 

Volcano rabbit

MONOTREMATA

 

 

 

 

Tachyglossidae

 

 

 

Echidnas, spiny anteaters

 

 

Zaglossus spp. (II)

 

Long-beaked echidnas

PERAMELEMORPHIA

 

 

 

 

Peramelidae

 

 

 

 

 

Perameles bougainville (I)

 

 

Western barred bandicoot

Thylacomyidae

 

 

 

 

 

Macrotis lagotis (I)

 

 

Greater bilby

PERISSODACTYLA

 

 

 

 

Equidae

 

 

 

Horses, wild asses, zebras

 

Equus africanus (I) (Excludes the domesticated form referenced as Equus asinus, which is not subject to this Regulation)

 

 

African ass

 

Equus grevyi (I)

 

 

Grévy's zebra

 

Equus hemionus (I/II) (The species is listed in Appendix II but subspecies Equus hemionus hemionus and Equus hemionus khur are listed in Appendix I)

 

 

Asiatic wild ass

 

Equus kiang (II)

 

 

Kiang

 

Equus przewalskii (I)

 

 

Przewalski's horse

 

 

Equus zebra hartmannae (II)

 

Hartmann's mountain zebra

 

 

Equus zebra zebra (II)

 

Cape mountain zebra

Rhinocerotidae

 

 

 

Rhinoceroses

 

Rhinocerotidae spp. (I) (Except for the subspecies included in Annex B)

 

 

Rhinoceroses

 

 

Ceratotherium simum simum (II) (Only the populations of South Africa and Swaziland; all other populations are included in Annex A. For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations and trade in hunting trophies. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Annex A and trade in them shall be regulated accordingly)

 

Southern white rhinoceros

Tapiridae

 

 

 

Tapirs

 

Tapiridae spp. (I) (Except for the species included in Annex B)

 

 

Tapirs

 

 

Tapirus terrestris (II)

 

South American tapir

PHOLIDOTA

 

 

 

 

Manidae

 

 

 

Pangolins

 

 

Manis spp. (II)

(Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Pangolins

 

Manis crassicaudata (I)

 

 

Indian pangolin

 

Manis culionensis (I)

 

 

Philippine pangolin

 

Manis gigantea (I)

 

 

Giant pangolin

 

Manis javanica (I)

 

 

Sunda pangolin

 

Manis pentadactyla (I)

 

 

Chinese pangolin

 

Manis temminckii (I)

 

 

Ground pangolin

 

Manis tetradactyla (I)

 

 

Long-tailed pangolin

 

Manis tricuspis (I)

 

 

Tree pangolin

PILOSA

 

 

 

 

Bradypodidae

 

 

 

Three-toed sloths

 

 

Bradypus pygmaeus (II)

 

Pygmy tree-toed sloth

 

 

Bradypus variegatus (II)

 

Brown-throated sloth

Megalonychidae

 

 

 

Two-toed sloth

 

 

 

Choloepus hoffmanni (III Costa Rica)

Hoffmann's two-toed sloth

Myrmecophagidae

 

 

 

American anteaters

 

 

Myrmecophaga tridactyla (II)

 

Giant anteater

 

 

 

Tamandua mexicana (III Guatemala)

Northern tamandua

PRIMATES

 

 

 

Primates (apes and monkeys)

 

 

PRIMATES spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Primates

Atelidae

 

 

 

Howlers, spider monkeys

 

Alouatta coibensis (I)

 

 

Coiba Island howler

 

Alouatta palliata (I)

 

 

Mantled howler

 

Alouatta pigra (I)

 

 

Guatemalan black howler

 

Ateles geoffroyi frontatus (I)

 

 

Black-browed spider monkey

 

Ateles geoffroyi ornatus (I)

 

 

Red spider monkey

 

Brachyteles arachnoides (I)

 

 

Southern muriqui

 

Brachyteles hypoxanthus (I)

 

 

Northern muriqui

 

Oreonax flavicauda (I)

 

 

Yellow-tailed woolly monkey

Cebidae

 

 

 

Marmosets, tamarins, New-world monkeys

 

Callimico goeldii (I)

 

 

Goeldi's marmoset

 

Callithrix aurita (I)

 

 

Buffy-tufted marmoset

 

Callithrix flaviceps (I)

 

 

Buffy-headed marmoset

 

Leontopithecus spp. (I)

 

 

Lion tamarins

 

Saguinus bicolor (I)

 

 

Pied tamarin

 

Saguinus geoffroyi (I)

 

 

Geoffroy's tamarin

 

Saguinus leucopus (I)

 

 

White-footed tamarin

 

Saguinus martinsi (I)

 

 

Martins' bare-face tamarin

 

Saguinus oedipus (I)

 

 

Cottontop tamarin

 

Saimiri oerstedii (I)

 

 

Central American squirrel monkey

Cercopithecidae

 

 

 

Old-world monkeys

 

Cercocebus galeritus (I)

 

 

Tana River mangabey

 

Cercopithecus diana (I)

 

 

Diana monkey

 

Cercopithecus roloway (I)

 

 

Roloway monkey

 

Cercopithecus solatus (II)

 

 

Sun-tailed monkey

 

Colobus satanas (II)

 

 

Black colobus

 

Macaca silenus (I)

 

 

Lion-tailed macaque

 

Macaca sylvanus (I)

 

 

Barbary macaque

 

Mandrillus leucophaeus (I)

 

 

Drill

 

Mandrillus sphinx (I)

 

 

Mandrill

 

Nasalis larvatus (I)

 

 

Proboscis monkey

 

Piliocolobus foai (II)

 

 

Central African red colobus

 

Piliocolobus gordonorum (II)

 

 

Uzungwa red colobus

 

Piliocolobus kirkii (I)

 

 

Zanzibar red colobus

 

Piliocolobus pennantii (II)

 

 

Pennant's red colobus

 

Piliocolobus preussi (II)

 

 

Preuss's red colobus

 

Piliocolobus rufomitratus (I)

 

 

Tana River red colobus

 

Piliocolobus tephrosceles (II)

 

 

Ugandan red colobus

 

Piliocolobus tholloni (II)

 

 

Thollon's red colobus

 

Presbytis potenziani (I)

 

 

Mentawai langur

 

Pygathrix spp. (I)

 

 

Douc langurs

 

Rhinopithecus spp. (I)

 

 

Snub-nosed monkeys

 

Semnopithecus ajax (I)

 

 

Kashmir grey langur

 

Semnopithecus dussumieri (I)

 

 

Southern Plains grey langur

 

Semnopithecus entellus (I)

 

 

Northern Plains grey langur

 

Semnopithecus hector (I)

 

 

Tarai grey langur

 

Semnopithecus hypoleucos (I)

 

 

Black-footed grey langur

 

Semnopithecus priam (I)

 

 

Tufted grey langur

 

Semnopithecus schistaceus (I)

 

 

Nepal grey langur

 

Simias concolor (I)

 

 

Simakobou

 

Trachypithecus delacouri (II)

 

 

Delacour's langur

 

Trachypithecus francoisi (II)

 

 

François's langur

 

Trachypithecus geei (I)

 

 

Gee's golden langur

 

Trachypithecus hatinhensis (II)

 

 

Hatinh langur

 

Trachypithecus johnii (II)

 

 

Nilgiri langur

 

Trachypithecus laotum (II)

 

 

Laotian langur

 

Trachypithecus pileatus (I)

 

 

Capped langur

 

Trachypithecus poliocephalus (II)

 

 

White-headed langur

 

Trachypithecus shortridgei (I)

 

 

Shortridge's langur

Cheirogaleidae

 

 

 

Dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs

 

Cheirogaleidae spp. (I)

 

 

Dwarf lemurs and mouse lemurs

Daubentoniidae

 

 

 

Aye-aye

 

Daubentonia madagascariensis (I)

 

 

Aye-aye

Hominidae

 

 

 

Chimpanzees, gorillas, orang-utan

 

Gorilla beringei (I)

 

 

Eastern gorilla

 

Gorilla gorilla (I)

 

 

Western gorilla

 

Pan spp. (I)

 

 

Chimpanzee and bonobo

 

Pongo abelii (I)

 

 

Sumatran orangutan

 

Pongo pygmaeus (I)

 

 

Bornean orangutan

Hylobatidae

 

 

 

Gibbons

 

Hylobatidae spp. (I)

 

 

Gibbons

Indriidae

 

 

 

Indri, sifakas and woolly lemurs

 

Indriidae spp. (I)

 

 

Indri, sifakas and woolly lemurs

Lemuridae

 

 

 

Large lemurs

 

Lemuridae spp. (I)

 

 

Large lemurs

Lepilemuridae

 

 

 

Sportive lemurs

 

Lepilemuridae spp. (I)

 

 

Sportive lemurs

Lorisidae

 

 

 

Lorises

 

Nycticebus spp. (I)

 

 

Slow lorises

Pitheciidae

 

 

 

Uacaris, titis, sakis

 

Cacajao spp. (I)

 

 

Uacaris

 

Callicebus barbarabrownae (II)

 

 

Barbara Brown's Titi

 

Callicebus melanochir (II)

 

 

Coastal Black-handed Titi

 

Callicebus nigrifrons (II)

 

 

Black-fronted Titi

 

Callicebus personatus (II)

 

 

Atlantic titi

 

Chiropotes albinasus (I)

 

 

White-nosed saki

Tarsiidae

 

 

 

Tarsiers

 

Tarsius spp. (II)

 

 

Tarsiers

PROBOSCIDEA

 

 

 

 

Elephantidae

 

 

 

Elephants

 

Elephas maximus (I)

 

 

Asian elephant

 

Loxodonta africana (I) (Except for the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, which are included in Annex B)

Loxodonta africana (II)

(Only the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (3); all other populations are included in Annex A)

 

African elephant

RODENTIA

 

 

 

 

Chinchillidae

 

 

 

Chinchillas

 

Chinchilla spp. (I) (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to this Regulation)

 

 

Chinchillas

Cuniculidae

 

 

 

Pacas

 

 

 

Cuniculus paca (III Honduras)

Lowland paca

Dasyproctidae

 

 

 

Agoutis

 

 

 

Dasyprocta punctata (III Honduras)

Central American agouti

Erethizontidae

 

 

 

New-world porcupines

 

 

 

Sphiggurus mexicanus (III Honduras)

Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine

 

 

 

Sphiggurus spinosus (III Uruguay)

Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine

Hystricidae

 

 

 

Old-world porcupines

 

Hystrix cristata

 

 

Crested porcupine

Muridae

 

 

 

Mice, rats

 

Leporillus conditor (I)

 

 

Greater stick-nest rat

 

Pseudomys fieldi praeconis (I)

 

 

Shark Bay mouse

 

Xeromys myoides (I)

 

 

False water rat

 

Zyzomys pedunculatus (I)

 

 

Central Australian rock rat

Sciuridae

 

 

 

Ground squirrels, tree squirrels

 

Cynomys mexicanus (I)

 

 

Mexican prairie dog

 

 

 

Marmota caudata (III India)

Long-tailed marmot

 

 

 

Marmota himalayana (III India)

Himalayan marmot

 

 

Ratufa spp. (II)

 

Giant squirrels

 

 

 

Sciurus deppei (III Costa Rica)

Deppe's squirrel

SCANDENTIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

SCANDENTIA spp. (II)

 

Treeshrews

SIRENIA

 

 

 

 

Dugongidae

 

 

 

Dugong

 

Dugong dugon (I)

 

 

Dugong

Trichechidae

 

 

 

Manatees

 

Trichechus inunguis (I)

 

 

 

 

Trichechus manatus (I)

 

 

 

 

Trichechus senegalensis (I)

 

 

 

AVES

 

 

 

Birds

ANSERIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Anatidae

 

 

 

Ducks, geese, swans etc.

 

Anas aucklandica (I)

 

 

Auckland Islands teal

 

 

Anas bernieri (II)

 

Madagascar teal

 

Anas chlorotis (I)

 

 

Brown teal

 

 

Anas formosa (II)

 

Baikal teal

 

Anas laysanensis (I)

 

 

Laysan duck

 

Anas nesiotis (I)

 

 

Campbell Island teal

 

Anas querquedula

 

 

Garganey

 

Asarcornis scutulata (I)

 

 

White-winged duck

 

Aythya innotata

 

 

Madagascar pochard

 

Aythya nyroca

 

 

Ferruginous duck

 

Branta canadensis leucopareia (I)

 

 

Aleutian goose

 

Branta ruficollis (II)

 

 

Red-breasted goose

 

Branta sandvicensis (I)

 

 

Nene

 

 

Coscoroba coscoroba (II)

 

Coscoroba swan

 

 

Cygnus melancoryphus (II)

 

Black-necked swan

 

 

Dendrocygna arborea (II)

 

West Indian whistling-duck

 

 

 

Dendrocygna autumnalis (III Honduras)

Black-bellied whistling-duck

 

 

 

Dendrocygna bicolor (III Honduras)

Fulvous whistling-duck

 

Mergus octosetaceus

 

 

Brazilian merganser

 

Oxyura leucocephala (II)

 

 

White-headed duck

 

Rhodonessa caryophyllacea (possibly extinct) (I)

 

 

Pink-headed duck

 

 

Sarkidiornis melanotos (II)

 

Comb duck

 

Tadorna cristata

 

 

Crested shelduck

APODIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Trochilidae

 

 

 

Hummingbirds

 

 

Trochilidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Hummingbirds

 

Glaucis dohrnii (I)

 

 

Hook-billed hermit

CHARADRIIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Burhinidae

 

 

 

Thick-knees

 

 

 

Burhinus bistriatus (III Guatemala)

Double-striped thick-knee

Laridae

 

 

 

Gulls, terns

 

Larus relictus (I)

 

 

Relict gull

Scolopacidae

 

 

 

Curlews, greenshanks

 

Numenius borealis (I)

 

 

Eskimo curlew

 

Numenius tenuirostris (I)

 

 

Slender-billed curlew

 

Tringa guttifer (I)

 

 

Nordmann's greenshank

CICONIIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Ardeidae

 

 

 

Egrets, herons

 

Ardea alba

 

 

Great egret

 

Bubulcus ibis

 

 

Cattle egret

 

Egretta garzetta

 

 

Little egret

Balaenicipitidae

 

 

 

Shoebill, whale-headed stork

 

 

Balaeniceps rex (II)

 

Shoebill

Ciconiidae

 

 

 

Storks

 

Ciconia boyciana (I)

 

 

Oriental stork

 

Ciconia nigra (II)

 

 

Black stork

 

Ciconia stormi

 

 

Storm's stork

 

Jabiru mycteria (I)

 

 

Jabiru

 

Leptoptilos dubius

 

 

Greater adjutant stork

 

Mycteria cinerea (I)

 

 

Milky stork

Phoenicopteridae

 

 

 

Flamingos

 

 

Phoenicopteridae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Flamingos

 

Phoenicopterus ruber (II)

 

 

Greater flamingo

Threskiornithidae

 

 

 

Ibises, spoonbills

 

 

Eudocimus ruber (II)

 

Scarlet ibis

 

Geronticus calvus (II)

 

 

Bald ibis

 

Geronticus eremita (I)

 

 

Waldrapp

 

Nipponia nippon (I)

 

 

Crested ibis

 

Platalea leucorodia (II)

 

 

Eurasian spoonbill

 

Pseudibis gigantea

 

 

Giant ibis

COLUMBIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Columbidae

 

 

 

Doves, pigeons

 

Caloenas nicobarica (I)

 

 

Nicobar pigeon

 

Claravis godefrida

 

 

Purple-winged ground-dove

 

Columba livia

 

 

Rock pigeon

 

Ducula mindorensis (I)

 

 

Mindoro zone-tailed pigeon

 

 

Gallicolumba luzonica (II)

 

Luzon bleeding-heart

 

 

Goura spp. (II)

 

Crowned-pigeons

 

Leptotila wellsi

 

 

Grenada dove

 

 

 

Nesoenas mayeri (III Mauritius)

Pink pigeon

 

Streptopelia turtur

 

 

European turtle-dove

CORACIIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Bucerotidae

 

 

 

Hornbills

 

 

Aceros spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Hornbills

 

Aceros nipalensis (I)

 

 

Rufous-necked hornbill

 

 

Anorrhinus spp. (II)

 

Hornbills

 

 

Anthracoceros spp. (II)

 

Hornbills

 

 

Berenicornis spp. (II)

 

Hornbills

 

 

Buceros spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Hornbills

 

Buceros bicornis (I)

 

 

Great hornbill

 

 

Penelopides spp. (II)

 

Hornbills

 

Rhinoplax vigil (I)

 

 

Helmeted hornbill

 

 

Rhyticeros spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Hornbills

 

Rhyticeros subruficollis (I)

 

 

Plain-pouched hornbill

CUCULIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Musophagidae

 

 

 

Turacos

 

 

Tauraco spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Turacos

 

Tauraco bannermani (II)

 

 

Bannerman's turaco

FALCONIFORMES

 

 

 

Diurnal birds of prey (eagles, falcons, hawks, vultures)

 

 

FALCONIFORMES spp. (II)

(Except for the species included in Annex A; except for one species of the family Cathartidae included in Annex C; the other species of that family are not included in the Annexes to this Regulation; and except for Caracara lutosa)

 

Diurnal birds of prey

Accipitridae

 

 

 

Hawks, eagles

 

Accipiter brevipes (II)

 

 

Levant sparrowhawk

 

Accipiter gentilis (II)

 

 

Northern goshawk

 

Accipiter nisus (II)

 

 

Eurasian sparrowhawk

 

Aegypius monachus (II)

 

 

Cinereous vulture

 

Aquila adalberti (I)

 

 

Adalbert's eagle

 

Aquila chrysaetos (II)

 

 

Golden eagle

 

Aquila clanga (II)

 

 

Greater spotted eagle

 

Aquila heliaca (I)

 

 

Imperial eagle

 

Aquila pomarina (II)

 

 

Lesser spotted eagle

 

Buteo buteo (II)

 

 

Common buzzard

 

Buteo lagopus (II)

 

 

Rough-legged buzzard

 

Buteo rufinus (II)

 

 

Long-legged buzzard

 

Chondrohierax uncinatus wilsonii (I)

 

 

Cuban hook-billed kite

 

Circaetus gallicus (II)

 

 

Short-toed snake-eagle

 

Circus aeruginosus (II)

 

 

Western marsh-harrier

 

Circus cyaneus (II)

 

 

Northern harrier

 

Circus macrourus (II)

 

 

Pallid harrier

 

Circus pygargus (II)

 

 

Montagu's harrier

 

Elanus caeruleus (II)

 

 

Black-winged kite

 

Eutriorchis astur (II)

 

 

Madagascar serpent-eagle

 

Gypaetus barbatus (II)

 

 

Lammergeier

 

Gyps fulvus (II)

 

 

Eurasian griffon

 

Haliaeetus spp. (I/II) (Haliaeetus albicilla is listed in Appendix I; the other species are listed in Appendix II)

 

 

Sea-eagles

 

Harpia harpyja (I)

 

 

Harpy eagle

 

Hieraaetus fasciatus (II)

 

 

Bonelli's eagle

 

Hieraaetus pennatus (II)

 

 

Booted eagle

 

Leucopternis occidentalis (II)

 

 

Grey-backed hawk

 

Milvus migrans (II) (Except for Milvus migrans lineatus which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Black kite

 

Milvus milvus (II)

 

 

Red kite

 

Neophron percnopterus (II)

 

 

Egyptian vulture

 

Pernis apivorus (II)

 

 

European honey-buzzard

 

Pithecophaga jefferyi (I)

 

 

Great Philippine eagle

Cathartidae

 

 

 

New world vultures

 

Gymnogyps californianus (I)

 

 

California condor

 

 

 

Sarcoramphus papa (III Honduras)

King vulture

 

Vultur gryphus (I)

 

 

Andean condor

Falconidae

 

 

 

Falcons

 

Falco araeus (I)

 

 

Seychelles kestrel

 

Falco biarmicus (II)

 

 

Lanner falcon

 

Falco cherrug (II)

 

 

Saker falcon

 

Falco columbarius (II)

 

 

Merlin

 

Falco eleonorae (II)

 

 

Eleonora's falcon

 

Falco jugger (I)

 

 

Laggar falcon

 

Falco naumanni (II)

 

 

Lesser kestrel

 

Falco newtoni (I) (Only the population of the Seychelles)

 

 

Newton's kestrel

 

Falco pelegrinoides (I)

 

 

Barbary falcon

 

Falco peregrinus (I)

 

 

Peregrine falcon

 

Falco punctatus (I)

 

 

Mauritius kestrel

 

Falco rusticolus (I)

 

 

Gyrfalcon

 

Falco subbuteo (II)

 

 

Eurasian hobby

 

Falco tinnunculus (II)

 

 

Common kestrel

 

Falco vespertinus (II)

 

 

Red-footed falcon

Pandionidae

 

 

 

Ospreys

 

Pandion haliaetus (II)

 

 

Osprey

GALLIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Cracidae

 

 

 

 

 

Crax alberti (III Colombia)

 

 

Blue-knobbed curassow

 

Crax blumenbachii (I)

 

 

Red-billed curassow

 

 

 

Crax daubentoni (III Colombia)

Yellow-knobbed curassow

 

 

Crax fasciolata

 

Bare-faced Curassow

 

 

 

Crax globulosa (III Colombia)

Wattled curassow

 

 

 

Crax rubra (III Colombia/Costa Rica/Guatemala/Honduras)

Great currasow

 

Mitu mitu (I)

 

 

Alagoas curassow

 

Oreophasis derbianus (I)

 

 

Horned guan

 

 

 

Ortalis vetula (III Guatemala/Honduras)

Plain chachalaca

 

 

 

Pauxi pauxi (III Colombia)

Helmeted curassow

 

Penelope albipennis (I)

 

 

White-winged guan

 

 

 

Penelope purpurascens (III Honduras)

Crested guan

 

 

 

Penelopina nigra (III Guatemala)

Highland guan

 

Pipile jacutinga (I)

 

 

Black-fronted piping guan

 

Pipile pipile (I)

 

 

Trinidad piping guan

Megapodiidae

 

 

 

Megapodes, scrubfowl

 

Macrocephalon maleo (I)

 

 

Maleo

Phasianidae

 

 

 

Grouse, guineafowl, partridges, pheasants, tragopans

 

 

Argusianus argus (II)

 

Great argus

 

Catreus wallichii (I)

 

 

Cheer pheasant

 

Colinus virginianus ridgwayi (I)

 

 

Masked bobwhite

 

Crossoptilon crossoptilon (I)

 

 

White eared-pheasant

 

Crossoptilon mantchuricum (I)

 

 

Brown eared-pheasant

 

 

Gallus sonneratii (II)

 

Grey junglefowl

 

 

Ithaginis cruentus (II)

 

Blood pheasant

 

Lophophorus impejanus (I)

 

 

Himalayan monal

 

Lophophorus lhuysii (I)

 

 

Chinese monal

 

Lophophorus sclateri (I)

 

 

Sclater's monal

 

Lophura edwardsi (I)

 

 

Edwards' pheasant

 

 

Lophura hatinhensis

 

Vietnamese fireback

 

 

 

Lophura leucomelanos (III Pakistan)

Kalij pheasant

 

Lophura swinhoii (I)

 

 

Swinhoe's pheasant

 

 

 

Meleagris ocellata (III Guatemala)

Ocellated turkey

 

Odontophorus strophium

 

 

Gorgeted wood-quail

 

Ophrysia superciliosa

 

 

Himalayan quail

 

 

 

Pavo cristatus (III Pakistan)

Indian peafowl

 

 

Pavo muticus (II)

 

Green peafowl

 

 

Polyplectron bicalcaratum (II)

 

Grey peacock-pheasant

 

 

Polyplectron germaini (II)

 

Germain's peacock-pheasant

 

 

Polyplectron malacense (II)

 

Malayan peacock-pheasant

 

Polyplectron napoleonis (I)

 

 

Palawan peacock-pheasant

 

 

Polyplectron schleiermacheri (II)

 

Bornean peacock-pheasant

 

 

 

Pucrasia macrolopha (III Pakistan)

Koklass pheasant

 

Rheinardia ocellata (I)

 

 

Crested argus

 

Syrmaticus ellioti (I)

 

 

Elliot's pheasant

 

Syrmaticus humiae (I)

 

 

Hume's pheasant

 

Syrmaticus mikado (I)

 

 

Mikado pheasant

 

Tetraogallus caspius (I)

 

 

Caspian snowcock

 

Tetraogallus tibetanus (I)

 

 

Tibetan snowcock

 

Tragopan blythii (I)

 

 

Blyth's tragopan

 

Tragopan caboti (I)

 

 

Cabot's tragopan

 

Tragopan melanocephalus (I)

 

 

Western tragopan

 

 

 

Tragopan satyra (III Nepal)

Satyr tragopan

 

 

Tympanuchus cupido attwateri (II)

 

Attwater's prairie-chicken

GRUIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Gruidae

 

 

 

Cranes

 

 

Gruidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Cranes

 

Grus americana (I)

 

 

Whooping crane

 

Grus canadensis (I/II) (The species is listed in Appendix II but subspecies Grus canadensis nesiotes and Grus canadensis pulla are listed in Appendix I)

 

 

Sandhill crane

 

Grus grus (II)

 

 

Common crane

 

Grus japonensis (I)

 

 

Red-crowned crane

 

Grus leucogeranus (I)

 

 

Siberian crane

 

Grus monacha (I)

 

 

Hooded crane

 

Grus nigricollis (I)

 

 

Black-necked crane

 

Grus vipio (I)

 

 

White-necked crane

Otididae

 

 

 

Bustards

 

 

Otididae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Bustards

 

Ardeotis nigriceps (I)

 

 

Indian bustard

 

Chlamydotis macqueenii (I)

 

 

Macqueen's bustard

 

Chlamydotis undulata (I)

 

 

Houbara bustard

 

Houbaropsis bengalensis (I)

 

 

Bengal florican

 

Otis tarda (II)

 

 

Great bustard

 

Sypheotides indicus (II)

 

 

Lesser florican

 

Tetrax tetrax (II)

 

 

Little bustard

Rallidae

 

 

 

Coots, rails

 

Gallirallus sylvestris (I)

 

 

Lord Howe rail

Rhynochetidae

 

 

 

Kagu

 

Rhynochetos jubatus (I)

 

 

Kagu

PASSERIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Atrichornithidae

 

 

 

Scrub-birds

 

Atrichornis clamosus (I)

 

 

Noisy scrub-bird

Cotingidae

 

 

 

Cotingas

 

 

 

Cephalopterus ornatus (III Colombia)

Amazonian umbrella bird

 

 

 

Cephalopterus penduliger (III Colombia)

Long-wattled umbrella bird

 

Cotinga maculata (I)

 

 

Banded cotinga

 

 

Rupicola spp. (II)

 

Cocks-of-the-rock

 

Xipholena atropurpurea (I)

 

 

White-winged cotinga

Emberizidae

 

 

 

Cardinals, tanagers

 

 

Gubernatrix cristata (II)

 

Yellow cardinal

 

 

Paroaria capitata (II)

 

Yellow-billed cardinal

 

 

Paroaria coronata (II)

 

Red-crested cardinal

 

 

Tangara fastuosa (II)

 

Seven-coloured tanager

Estrildidae

 

 

 

Mannikins, waxbills

 

 

Amandava formosa (II)

 

Green avadavat

 

 

Lonchura fuscata

 

Timor sparrow

 

 

Lonchura oryzivora (II)

 

Java sparrow

 

 

Poephila cincta cincta (II)

 

Southern black-throated finch

Fringillidae

 

 

 

Finches

 

Carduelis cucullata (I)

 

 

Red siskin

 

 

Carduelis yarrellii (II)

 

Yellow-faced siskin

Hirundinidae

 

 

 

Martins

 

Pseudochelidon sirintarae (I)

 

 

White-eyed river-martin

Icteridae

 

 

 

New-world blackbirds

 

Xanthopsar flavus (I)

 

 

Saffron-cowled blackbird

Meliphagidae

 

 

 

Honey-eaters

 

 

Lichenostomus melanops cassidix (II)

 

Helmeted honeyeater

Muscicapidae

 

 

 

Old-world flycatchers, babblers, etc.

 

Acrocephalus rodericanus (III Mauritius)

 

 

Rodrigues brush-warbler

 

 

Cyornis ruckii (II)

 

Rueck's blue-flycatcher

 

Dasyornis broadbenti litoralis (possibly extinct) (I)

 

 

Western rufous bristlebird

 

Dasyornis longirostris (I)

 

 

Western bristlebird

 

 

Garrulax canorus (II)

 

Chinese Hwamei

 

 

Garrulax taewanus (II)

 

Taiwan Hwamei

 

 

Leiothrix argentauris (II)

 

Silver-eared mesia

 

 

Leiothrix lutea (II)

 

Red-billed leiothrix

 

 

Liocichla omeiensis (II)

 

Omei Shan liocichla

 

Picathartes gymnocephalus (I)

 

 

White-necked rockfowl

 

Picathartes oreas (I)

 

 

Grey-necked rockfowl

 

 

 

Terpsiphone bourbonnensis (III Mauritius)

Mascarene paradise-flycatcher

Paradisaeidae

 

 

 

Birds of paradise

 

 

Paradisaeidae spp. (II)

 

Birds of paradise

Pittidae

 

 

 

Pittas

 

 

Pitta guajana (II)

 

Banded pitta

 

Pitta gurneyi (I)

 

 

Gurney's pitta

 

Pitta kochi (I)

 

 

Whiskered pitta

 

 

Pitta nympha (II)

 

Fairy pitta

Pycnonotidae

 

 

 

Bulbuls

 

 

Pycnonotus zeylanicus (II)

 

Straw-headed bulbul

Sturnidae

 

 

 

Mynas

 

 

Gracula religiosa (II)

 

Hill myna

 

Leucopsar rothschildi (I)

 

 

Bali myna

Zosteropidae

 

 

 

White-eyes

 

Zosterops albogularis (I)

 

 

White-chested white-eye

PELECANIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Fregatidae

 

 

 

Frigatebirds

 

Fregata andrewsi (I)

 

 

Christmas frigatebird

Pelecanidae

 

 

 

Pelicans

 

Pelecanus crispus (I)

 

 

Dalmatian pelican

Sulidae

 

 

 

Boobies

 

Papasula abbotti (I)

 

 

Abbott's booby

PICIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Capitonidae

 

 

 

Barbets

 

 

 

Semnornis ramphastinus (III Colombia)

Toucan barbet

Picidae

 

 

 

Woodpeckers

 

Dryocopus javensis richardsi (I)

 

 

Tristram's woodpecker

Ramphastidae

 

 

 

Toucans

 

 

 

Baillonius bailloni (III Argentina)

Saffron toucanet

 

 

Pteroglossus aracari (II)

 

Black-necked aracari

 

 

 

Pteroglossus castanotis (III Argentina)

Chestnut-eared aracari

 

 

Pteroglossus viridis (II)

 

Green aracari

 

 

 

Ramphastos dicolorus (III Argentina)

Red-breasted toucan

 

 

Ramphastos sulfuratus (II)

 

Keel-billed toucan

 

 

Ramphastos toco (II)

 

Toco toucan

 

 

Ramphastos tucanus (II)

 

Red-billed toucan

 

 

Ramphastos vitellinus (II)

 

Channel-billed toucan

 

 

 

Selenidera maculirostris (III Argentina)

Spot-billed toucanet

PODICIPEDIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Podicipedidae

 

 

 

Grebes

 

Podilymbus gigas (I)

 

 

Atitlan Grebe

PROCELLARIIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Diomedeidae

 

 

 

Albatrosses

 

Phoebastria albatrus (I)

 

 

Short-tailed albatross

PSITTACIFORMES

 

 

 

Cockatoos, lories, macaws, parakeets, parrots etc.

 

 

PSITTACIFORMES spp. (II)

(Except for the species included in Annex A and excluding Agapornis roseicollis, Melopsittacus undulatus, Nymphicus hollandicus and Psittacula krameri, which are not included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

Parrots, etc.

Cacatuidae

 

 

 

Cockatoos

 

Cacatua goffiniana (I)

 

 

Tanimbar cockatoo

 

Cacatua haematuropygia (I)

 

 

Philippine cockatoo

 

Cacatua moluccensis (I)

 

 

Salmon-crested cockatoo

 

Cacatua sulphurea (I)

 

 

Yellow-crested cockatoo

 

Probosciger aterrimus (I)

 

 

Palm cockatoo

Loriidae

 

 

 

Lories, lorikeets

 

Eos histrio (I)

 

 

Red and blue lory

 

Vini spp. (I/II) (Vini ultramarina is listed in Appendix I, the other species are listed in Appendix II)

 

 

Blue lorikeets

Psittacidae

 

 

 

Amazons, macaws, parakeets, parrots

 

Amazona arausiaca (I)

 

 

Red-necked parrot

 

Amazona auropalliata (I)

 

 

Yellow-naped parrot

 

Amazona barbadensis (I)

 

 

Yellow-shouldered parrot

 

Amazona brasiliensis (I)

 

 

Red-tailed parrot

 

Amazona finschi (I)

 

 

Lilac-crowned parrot

 

Amazona guildingii (I)

 

 

St Vincent parrot

 

Amazona imperialis (I)

 

 

Imperial parrot

 

Amazona leucocephala (I)

 

 

Cuban parrot

 

Amazona oratrix (I)

 

 

Yellow-headed parrot

 

Amazona pretrei (I)

 

 

Red-spectacled parrot

 

Amazona rhodocorytha (I)

 

 

Red-browed parrot

 

Amazona tucumana (I)

 

 

Tucuman parrot

 

Amazona versicolor (I)

 

 

Saint Lucia parrot

 

Amazona vinacea (I)

 

 

Vinaceous parrot

 

Amazona viridigenalis (I)

 

 

Green-cheeked parrot

 

Amazona vittata (I)

 

 

Puerto Rican parrot

 

Anodorhynchus spp. (I)

 

 

Blue macaws

 

Ara ambiguus (I)

 

 

Great green macaw

 

Ara glaucogularis (I)

 

 

Blue-throated macaw

 

Ara macao (I)

 

 

Scarlet macaw

 

Ara militaris (I)

 

 

Military macaw

 

Ara rubrogenys (I)

 

 

Red-fronted macaw

 

Cyanopsitta spixii (I)

 

 

Spix's macaw

 

Cyanoramphus cookii (I)

 

 

Norfolk Island parakeet

 

Cyanoramphus forbesi (I)

 

 

Chatham Island yellow-fronted parakeet

 

Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae (I)

 

 

Red-fronted parakeet

 

Cyanoramphus saisseti (I)

 

 

Red-crowned parakeet

 

Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni (I)

 

 

Coxen's double-eyed fig parrot

 

Eunymphicus cornutus (I)

 

 

Horned parakeet

 

Guarouba guarouba (I)

 

 

Golden parakeet

 

Neophema chrysogaster (I)

 

 

Orange-bellied parrot

 

Ognorhynchus icterotis (I)

 

 

Yellow-eared parrot

 

Pezoporus occidentalis (possibly extinct) (I)

 

 

Night parrot

 

Pezoporus wallicus (I)

 

 

Ground parrot

 

Pionopsitta pileata (I)

 

 

Pileated parrot

 

Primolius couloni (I)

 

 

Blue-headed macaw

 

Primolius maracana (I)

 

 

Blue-winged macaw

 

Psephotus chrysopterygius (I)

 

 

Golden-shouldered parrot

 

Psephotus dissimilis (I)

 

 

Hooded parrot

 

Psephotus pulcherrimus (possibly extinct) (I)

 

 

Paradise parrot

 

Psittacula echo (I)

 

 

Mauritius parakeet

 

Psittacus erithacus (I)

 

 

African grey parrot

 

Pyrrhura cruentata (I)

 

 

Blue-throated parakeet

 

Rhynchopsitta spp. (I)

 

 

Thick-billed parrots

 

Strigops habroptilus (I)

 

 

Kakapo

RHEIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Rheidae

 

 

 

Rheas

 

Pterocnemia pennata (I) (Except Pterocnemia pennata pennata which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Lesser rhea

 

 

Pterocnemia pennata pennata (II)

 

Lesser rhea

 

 

Rhea americana (II)

 

Greater rhea

SPHENISCIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Spheniscidae

 

 

 

Penguins

 

 

Spheniscus demersus (II)

 

Jackass penguin

 

Spheniscus humboldti (I)

 

 

Humboldt penguin

STRIGIFORMES

 

 

 

Owls

 

 

STRIGIFORMES spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A and except for Sceloglaux albifacies)

 

Owls

Strigidae

 

 

 

Owls

 

Aegolius funereus (II)

 

 

Boreal owl

 

Asio flammeus (II)

 

 

Short-eared owl

 

Asio otus (II)

 

 

Long-eared owl

 

Athene noctua (II)

 

 

Little owl

 

Bubo bubo (II) (Except for Bubo bubo bengalensis which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Eurasian eagle-owl

 

Glaucidium passerinum (II)

 

 

Eurasian pygmy-owl

 

Heteroglaux blewitti (I)

 

 

Forest owlet

 

Mimizuku gurneyi (I)

 

 

Lesser eagle-owl

 

Ninox natalis (I)

 

 

Christmas hawk-owl

 

Nyctea scandiaca (II)

 

 

Snowy owl

 

Otus ireneae (II)

 

 

Sokoke scops-owl

 

Otus scops (II)

 

 

Eurasian scops-owl

 

Strix aluco (II)

 

 

Tawny owl

 

Strix nebulosa (II)

 

 

Great grey owl

 

Strix uralensis (II) (Except for Strix uralensis davidi which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Ural owl

 

Surnia ulula (II)

 

 

Northern hawk owl

Tytonidae

 

 

 

Barn owls

 

Tyto alba (II)

 

 

Barn owl

 

Tyto soumagnei (I)

 

 

Soumagne's owl

STRUTHIONIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Struthionidae

 

 

 

Ostrich

 

Struthio camelus (I) (Only the populations of Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and the Sudan; all other populations are not included in the Annexes to this Regulation)

 

 

Ostrich

TINAMIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Tinamidae

 

 

 

Tinamous

 

Tinamus solitarius (I)

 

 

Solitary tinamou

TROGONIFORMES

 

 

 

 

Trogonidae

 

 

 

Quetzals

 

Pharomachrus mocinno (I)

 

 

Resplendent quetzal

REPTILIA

 

 

 

Reptiles

CROCODYLIA

 

 

 

Alligators, caimans, crocodiles

 

 

CROCODYLIA spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Alligators, caimans, crocodiles

Alligatoridae

 

 

 

Alligators, caimans

 

Alligator sinensis (I)

 

 

Chinese alligator

 

Caiman crocodilus apaporiensis (I)

 

 

Rio Apaporis spectacled caiman

 

Caiman latirostris (I) (Except for the population of Argentina, which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Broad-nosed caiman

 

Melanosuchus niger (I) (Except for the population of Brazil, which is included in Annex B, and population of Ecuador, which is included in Annex B and is subject to a zero annual export quota until an annual export quota has been approved by the CITES Secretariat and the IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group)

 

 

Black caiman

Crocodylidae

 

 

 

Crocodiles

 

Crocodylus acutus (I) (Except for the population of the Integrated Management District of Mangroves of the Bay of Cispata, Tinajones, La Balsa and Surrounding Areas, Department of Córdoba, Colombia, and the population of Cuba, which are included in Annex B)

 

 

American crocodile

 

Crocodylus cataphractus (I)

 

 

African slender-snouted crocodile

 

Crocodylus intermedius (I)

 

 

Orinoco crocodile

 

Crocodylus mindorensis (I)

 

 

Philippine crocodile

 

Crocodylus moreletii (I) (Except for the population of Belize, which is included in Annex B with a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes, and the population of Mexico, which is included in Annex B)

 

 

Morelet's crocodile

 

Crocodylus niloticus (I) (Except for the populations of Botswana, Egypt [subject to a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes], Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania [subject to an annual export quota of no more than 1600 wild specimens including hunting trophies, in addition to ranched specimens], Zambia and Zimbabwe; these populations are included in Annex B)

 

 

Nile crocodile

 

Crocodylus palustris (I)

 

 

Mugger crocodile

 

Crocodylus porosus (I) (Except for the populations of Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia [wild harvest restricted to the State of Sarawak and a zero quota for wild specimens for the other States of Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia), with no change in the zero quota unless approved by the CITES Parties] and Papua New Guinea, which are included in Annex B)

 

 

Estuarine crocodile

 

Crocodylus rhombifer (I)

 

 

Cuban crocodile

 

Crocodylus siamensis (I)

 

 

Siamese crocodile

 

Osteolaemus tetraspis (I)

 

 

West African dwarf crocodile

 

Tomistoma schlegelii (I)

 

 

False gharial

Gavialidae

 

 

 

Gavial or gharial

 

Gavialis gangeticus (I)

 

 

Gharial

RHYNCHOCEPHALIA

 

 

 

 

Sphenodontidae

 

 

 

Tuataras

 

Sphenodon spp. (I)

 

 

Tuataras

SAURIA

 

 

 

 

Agamidae

 

 

 

Spiny-tailed lizards (Agamas, mastigures)

 

 

Saara spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Uromastyx spp. (II)

 

Spiny-tailed lizards

Anguidae

 

 

 

Alligator lizards

 

 

Abronia spp. (II) (except for the species included in Annex A. A zero export quota has been established for wild specimens for Abronia aurita, A. gaiophantasma, A. montecristoi, A. salvadorensis and A. vasconcelosii)

 

Alligator lizards

 

Abronia anzuetoi (I)

 

 

 

 

Abronia campbelli (I)

 

 

 

 

Abronia fimbriata (I)

 

 

 

 

Abronia frosti (I)

 

 

 

 

Abronia meledona (I)

 

 

 

Chamaeleonidae

 

 

 

Chameleons

 

 

Archaius spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Bradypodion spp. (II)

 

Dwarf chameleons

 

 

Brookesia spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Dwarf chameleons

 

Brookesia perarmata (I)

 

 

Dwarf spiny chameleon

 

 

Calumma spp. (II)

 

Madagascar chameleons

 

 

Chamaeleo spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Chameleons

 

Chamaeleo chamaeleon (II)

 

 

European chameleon

 

 

Furcifer spp. (II)

 

Madagascar chameleons

 

 

Kinyongia spp. (II)

 

Dwarf chameleons

 

 

Nadzikambia spp. (II)

 

Dwarf chameleons

 

 

Palleon spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Rhampholeon spp. (II)

 

Pygmy chamaeleons

 

 

Rieppeleon spp. (II)

 

Pygmy chamaeleons

 

 

Trioceros spp. (II)

 

 

Cordylidae

 

 

 

Spiny-tailed lizards

 

 

Cordylus spp. (II)

 

Girdled lizards

 

 

Hemicordylus spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Karusaurus spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Namazonurus spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Ninurta spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Ouroborus spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Pseudocordylus spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Smaug spp. (II)

 

 

Gekkonidae

 

 

 

Geckos

 

Cnemaspis psychedelica (I)

 

 

Psychedelic rock gecko

 

 

 

Dactylocnemis spp. (III New Zealand)

 

 

 

 

Hoplodactylus spp. (III New Zealand)

Sticky-toed geckos

 

Lygodactylus williamsi (I)

 

 

Turquoise dwarf gecko

 

 

 

Mokopirirakau spp. (III New Zealand)

 

 

 

Nactus serpensinsula (II)

 

Serpent Island gecko

 

 

Naultinus spp. (II)

 

New Zealand tree geckos

 

 

Paroedura masobe (II)

 

Masobe gecko

 

 

Phelsuma spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Day geckos

 

Phelsuma guentheri (II)

 

 

Round Island day gecko

 

 

Rhoptropella spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

 

Toropuku spp. (III New Zealand)

 

 

 

 

Tukutuku spp. (III New Zealand)

 

 

 

Uroplatus spp. (II)

 

Flat-tailed geckos

 

 

 

Woodworthia spp. (III New Zealand)

 

Helodermatidae

 

 

 

Gila monster and beaded lizard

 

 

Heloderma spp. (II) (Except for the subspecies included in Annex A)

 

Gila monster and beaded lizard

 

Heloderma horridum charlesbogerti (I)

 

 

Guatemalan beaded lizard

Iguanidae

 

 

 

Iguanas

 

 

Amblyrhynchus cristatus (II)

 

Galapagos marine iguana

 

Brachylophus spp. (I)

 

 

Fiji iguanas

 

 

Conolophus spp. (II)

 

Galapagos land iguanas

 

 

Ctenosaura bakeri (II)

 

Utila Island spiny-tailed iguana

 

 

Ctenosaura melanosterna (II)

 

Rio Aguan Valley spiny-tailed iguana

 

 

Ctenosaura oedirhina (II)

 

Roatan spiny-tailed iguana

 

 

Ctenosaura palearis (II)

 

Guatemalan Spiny-tailed iguana

 

Cyclura spp. (I)

 

 

Ground iguanas

 

 

Iguana spp. (II)

 

Iguanas

 

 

Phrynosoma blainvillii (II)

 

Blaineville's horned lizard

 

 

Phrynosoma cerroense (II)

 

Cedros Island horned lizard

 

 

Phrynosoma coronatum (II)

 

Coast horned lizard

 

 

Phrynosoma wigginsi (II)

 

Gulf coast horned lizard

 

Sauromalus varius (I)

 

 

San Esteban Island chuckwalla

Lacertidae

 

 

 

Lizards

 

Gallotia simonyi (I)

 

 

Hierro giant lizard

 

Podarcis lilfordi (II)

 

 

Lilford's wall lizard

 

Podarcis pityusensis (II)

 

 

Ibiza wall lizard

Lanthanotidae

 

 

 

Earless Monitor Lizard

 

 

Lanthanotidae spp. (II) (A zero export quota has been established for wild specimens for commercial trade)

 

 

Scincidae

 

 

 

Skinks

 

 

Corucia zebrata (II)

 

Prehensile-tailed skink

Teiidae

 

 

 

Caiman lizards, tegu lizards

 

 

Crocodilurus amazonicus (II)

 

Dragon lizard

 

 

Dracaena spp. (II)

 

Caiman lizards

 

 

Salvator spp. (II)

 

 

 

 

Tupinambis spp.(II)

 

Tegus

Varanidae

 

 

 

Monitor lizards

 

 

Varanus spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Monitor lizards

 

Varanus bengalensis (I)

 

 

Indian monitor

 

Varanus flavescens (I)

 

 

Yellow monitor

 

Varanus griseus (I)

 

 

Desert monitor

 

Varanus komodoensis (I)

 

 

Komodo dragon

 

Varanus nebulosus (I)

 

 

Clouded monitor

 

Varanus olivaceus (II)

 

 

Gray's monitor

Xenosauridae

 

 

 

Chinese crocodile lizard

 

Shinisaurus crocodilurus (I)

 

 

Chinese crocodile lizard

SERPENTES

 

 

 

Snakes

Boidae

 

 

 

Boas

 

 

Boidae spp. (II) (Except for the species included in Annex A)

 

Boas

 

Acrantophis spp. (I)

 

 

Madagascar ground boas

 

Boa constrictor occidentalis (I)

 

 

Argentine boa constrictor

 

Epicrates inornatus (I)

 

 

Puerto Rican boa

 

Epicrates monensis (I)

 

 

Virgin Island tree boa

 

Epicrates subflavus (I)

 

 

Jamaican boa

 

Eryx jaculus (II)

 

 

Spotted sand boa

 

Sanzinia madagascariensis (I)

 

 

Madagascar tree boa

Bolyeriidae