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Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the European Union trade mark (codified version) (Text with EEA relevance)
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2009R0207 — EN — 23.03.2016 — 002.006


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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 207/2009

of 26 February 2009

on the ►M1  European Union trade mark ◄

(codified version)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(OJ L 078 24.3.2009, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

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REGULATION (EU) 2015/2424 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 December 2015

  L 341

21

24.12.2015


Amended by:

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TREATYBETWEEN THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM, THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA, THE CZECH REPUBLIC, THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK, THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA, IRELAND, THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC, THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC, THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS, THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA, THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA, THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG, THE REPUBLIC OF HUNGARY, THE REPUBLIC OF MALTA, THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS, THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA, THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND, THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC, ROMANIA, THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA, THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC, THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND, THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

  L 112

21

24.4.2012


Corrected by:

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Corrigendum, OJ L 071, 16.3.2016, p.  322 (2015/2424)

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Corrigendum, OJ L 267, 30.9.2016, p.  1 (2015/2424)




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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 207/2009

of 26 February 2009

on the ►M1  European Union trade mark ◄

(codified version)

(Text with EEA relevance)



TITLE I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

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EU trade mark

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1.  A trade mark for goods or services which is registered in accordance with the conditions contained in this Regulation and in the manner herein provided is hereinafter referred to as a ►M1  ‘European Union trade mark (“EU trade mark”)’ ◄ .

2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall have a unitary character. It shall have equal effect throughout the ►M1  Union ◄ : it shall not be registered, transferred or surrendered or be the subject of a decision revoking the rights of the proprietor or declaring it invalid, nor shall its use be prohibited, save in respect of the whole ►M1  Union ◄ . This principle shall apply unless otherwise provided in this Regulation.

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Article 2

Office

1.  A European Union Intellectual Property Office (‘the Office’) is hereby established.

2.  All references in Union law to the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (trade marks and designs) shall be read as references to the Office.

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Article 3

Capacity to act

For the purpose of implementing this Regulation, companies or firms and other legal bodies shall be regarded as legal persons if, under the terms of the law governing them, they have the capacity in their own name to have rights and obligations of all kinds, to make contracts or accomplish other legal acts and to sue and be sued.



TITLE II

THE LAW RELATING TO TRADE MARKS



SECTION 1

Definition of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and obtaining an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄

Article 4

Signs of which an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may consist

An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may consist of any signs capable of being represented graphically, particularly words, including personal names, designs, letters, numerals, the shape of goods or of their packaging, provided that such signs are capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings.

Article 5

Persons who can be proprietors of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Any natural or legal person, including authorities established under public law, may be the proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

Article 6

Means whereby an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is obtained

An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be obtained by registration.

Article 7

Absolute grounds for refusal

1.  The following shall not be registered:

(a) signs which do not conform to the requirements of Article 4;

(b) trade marks which are devoid of any distinctive character;

(c) trade marks which consist exclusively of signs or indications which may serve, in trade, to designate the kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, value, geographical origin or the time of production of the goods or of rendering of the service, or other characteristics of the goods or service;

(d) trade marks which consist exclusively of signs or indications which have become customary in the current language or in the bona fide and established practices of the trade;

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(e) signs which consist exclusively of:

(i) the shape, or another characteristic, which results from the nature of the goods themselves;

(ii) the shape, or another characteristic, of goods which is necessary to obtain a technical result;

(iii) the shape, or another characteristic, which gives substantial value to the goods;

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(f) trade marks which are contrary to public policy or to accepted principles of morality;

(g) trade marks which are of such a nature as to deceive the public, for instance as to the nature, quality or geographical origin of the goods or service;

(h) trade marks which have not been authorised by the competent authorities and are to be refused pursuant to Article 6ter of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, hereinafter referred to as the ‘Paris Convention’;

(i) trade marks which include badges, emblems or escutcheons other than those covered by Article 6ter of the Paris Convention and which are of particular public interest, unless the consent of the competent authority to their registration has been given;

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(j) trade marks which are excluded from registration, pursuant to Union legislation or national law or to international agreements to which the Union or the Member State concerned is party, providing for protection of designations of origin and geographical indications;

(k) trade marks which are excluded from registration pursuant to Union legislation or international agreements to which the Union is party, providing for protection of traditional terms for wine;

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(l) trade marks which are excluded from registration pursuant to Union legislation or international agreements to which the Union is party, providing for protection of traditional specialities guaranteed;

(m) trade marks which consist of, or reproduce in their essential elements, an earlier plant variety denomination registered in accordance with Union legislation or national law, or international agreements to which the Union or the Member State concerned is a party, providing for protection of plant variety rights, and which are in respect of plant varieties of the same or closely related species.

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2.  Paragraph 1 shall apply notwithstanding that the grounds of non-registrability obtain in only part of the ►M1  Union ◄ .

3.  Paragraph 1(b), (c) and (d) shall not apply if the trade mark has become distinctive in relation to the goods or services for which registration is requested in consequence of the use which has been made of it.

Article 8

Relative grounds for refusal

1.  Upon opposition by the proprietor of an earlier trade mark, the trade mark applied for shall not be registered:

(a) if it is identical with the earlier trade mark and the goods or services for which registration is applied for are identical with the goods or services for which the earlier trade mark is protected;

(b) if because of its identity with, or similarity to, the earlier trade mark and the identity or similarity of the goods or services covered by the trade marks there exists a likelihood of confusion on the part of the public in the territory in which the earlier trade mark is protected; the likelihood of confusion includes the likelihood of association with the earlier trade mark.

2.  For the purposes of paragraph 1, ‘earlier trade marks’ means:

(a) trade marks of the following kinds with a date of application for registration which is earlier than the date of application for registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , taking account, where appropriate, of the priorities claimed in respect of those trade marks:

(i)  ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ ;

(ii) trade marks registered in a Member State, or, in the case of Belgium, the Netherlands or Luxembourg, at the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property;

(iii) trade marks registered under international arrangements which have effect in a Member State;

(iv) trade marks registered under international arrangements which have effect in the ►M1  Union ◄ ;

(b) applications for the trade marks referred to in subparagraph (a), subject to their registration;

(c) trade marks which, on the date of application for registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , or, where appropriate, of the priority claimed in respect of the application for registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , are well known in a Member State, in the sense in which the words ‘well known’ are used in Article 6bis of the Paris Convention.

3.  Upon opposition by the proprietor of the trade mark, a trade mark shall not be registered where an agent or representative of the proprietor of the trade mark applies for registration thereof in his own name without the proprietor's consent, unless the agent or representative justifies his action.

4.  Upon opposition by the proprietor of a non-registered trade mark or of another sign used in the course of trade of more than mere local significance, the trade mark applied for shall not be registered where and to the extent that, pursuant to the ►M1  Union ◄ legislation or the law of the Member State governing that sign:

(a) rights to that sign were acquired prior to the date of application for registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , or the date of the priority claimed for the application for registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ;

(b) that sign confers on its proprietor the right to prohibit the use of a subsequent trade mark.

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4a.  Upon opposition by any person authorised under the relevant law to exercise the rights arising from a designation of origin or a geographical indication, the trade mark applied for shall not be registered where and to the extent that, pursuant to the Union legislation or national law providing for the protection of designations of origin or geographical indications:

(i) an application for a designation of origin or a geographical indication had already been submitted, in accordance with Union legislation or national law, prior to the date of application for registration of the EU trade mark or the date of the priority claimed for the application, subject to its subsequent registration;

(ii) that designation of origin or geographical indication confers the right to prohibit the use of a subsequent trade mark.

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5.  Upon opposition by the proprietor of a registered earlier trade mark within the meaning of paragraph 2, the trade mark applied for shall not be registered where it is identical with, or similar to, an earlier trade mark, irrespective of whether the goods or services for which it is applied are identical with, similar to or not similar to those for which the earlier trade mark is registered, where, in the case of an earlier EU trade mark, the trade mark has a reputation in the Union or, in the case of an earlier national trade mark, the trade mark has a reputation in the Member State concerned, and where the use without due cause of the trade mark applied for would take unfair advantage of, or be detrimental to, the distinctive character or the repute of the earlier trade mark.

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SECTION 2

Effects of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

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Article 9

Rights conferred by an EU trade mark

1.  The registration of an EU trade mark shall confer on the proprietor exclusive rights therein.

2.  Without prejudice to the rights of proprietors acquired before the filing date or the priority date of the EU trade mark, the proprietor of that EU trade mark shall be entitled to prevent all third parties not having his consent from using in the course of trade, in relation to goods or services, any sign where:

(a) the sign is identical with the EU trade mark and is used in relation to goods or services which are identical with those for which the EU trade mark is registered;

(b) the sign is identical with, or similar to, the EU trade mark and is used in relation to goods or services which are identical with, or similar to, the goods or services for which the EU trade mark is registered, if there exists a likelihood of confusion on the part of the public; the likelihood of confusion includes the likelihood of association between the sign and the trade mark;

(c) the sign is identical with, or similar to, the EU trade mark irrespective of whether it is used in relation to goods or services which are identical with, similar to or not similar to those for which the EU trade mark is registered, where the latter has a reputation in the Union and where use of that sign without due cause takes unfair advantage of, or is detrimental to, the distinctive character or the repute of the EU trade mark.

3.  The following, in particular, may be prohibited under paragraph 2:

(a) affixing the sign to the goods or to the packaging thereof;

(b) offering the goods, putting them on the market, or stocking them for those purposes under the sign, or offering or supplying services thereunder;

(c) importing or exporting the goods under the sign;

(d) using the sign as a trade or company name or part of a trade or company name;

(e) using the sign on business papers and in advertising;

(f) using the sign in comparative advertising in a manner that is contrary to Directive 2006/114/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 ).

4.  Without prejudice to the rights of proprietors acquired before the filing date or the priority date of the EU trade mark, the proprietor of that EU trade mark shall also be entitled to prevent all third parties from bringing goods, in the course of trade, into the Union without being released for free circulation there, where such goods, including packaging, come from third countries and bear without authorisation a trade mark which is identical with the EU trade mark registered in respect of such goods, or which cannot be distinguished in its essential aspects from that trade mark.

The entitlement of the proprietor of an EU trade mark pursuant to the first subparagraph shall lapse if, during the proceedings to determine whether the EU trade mark has been infringed, initiated in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 608/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 2 ) concerning customs enforcement of intellectual property rights, evidence is provided by the declarant or the holder of the goods that the proprietor of the EU trade mark is not entitled to prohibit the placing of the goods on the market in the country of final destination.

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Article 9a

Right to prohibit preparatory acts in relation to the use of packaging or other means

Where the risk exists that the packaging, labels, tags, security or authenticity features or devices or any other means to which the mark is affixed could be used in relation to goods or services and such use would constitute an infringement of the rights of the proprietor of an EU trade mark under Article 9(2) and (3), the proprietor of that trade mark shall have the right to prohibit the following acts if carried out in the course of trade:

(a) affixing a sign identical with, or similar to, the EU trade mark on packaging, labels, tags, security or authenticity features or devices or any other means to which the mark may be affixed;

(b) offering or placing on the market, or stocking for those purposes, or importing or exporting, packaging, labels, tags, security or authenticity features or devices or any other means to which the mark is affixed.

Article 9b

Date from which rights against third parties prevail

1.  The rights conferred by an EU trade mark shall prevail against third parties from the date of publication of the registration of the trade mark.

2.  Reasonable compensation may be claimed in respect of acts occurring after the date of publication of an EU trade mark application, where those acts would, after publication of the registration of the trade mark, be prohibited by virtue of that publication.

3.  A court seized of a case shall not decide upon the merits of that case until the registration has been published.

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Article 10

Reproduction of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ in dictionaries

If the reproduction of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ in a dictionary, encyclopaedia or similar reference work gives the impression that it constitutes the generic name of the goods or services for which the trade mark is registered, the publisher of the work shall, at the request of the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , ensure that the reproduction of the trade mark at the latest in the next edition of the publication is accompanied by an indication that it is a registered trade mark.

Article 11

Prohibition on the use of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ registered in the name of an agent or representative

Where an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is registered in the name of the agent or representative of a person who is the proprietor of that trade mark, without the proprietor's authorisation, the latter shall be entitled to oppose the use of his mark by his agent or representative if he has not authorised such use, unless the agent or representative justifies his action.

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Article 12

Limitation of the effects of an EU trade mark

1.  An EU trade mark shall not entitle the proprietor to prohibit a third party from using, in the course of trade:

(a) the name or address of the third party, where that third party is a natural person;

(b) signs or indications which are not distinctive or which concern the kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, value, geographical origin, the time of production of goods or of rendering of the service, or other characteristics of the goods or services;

(c) the EU trade mark for the purpose of identifying or referring to goods or services as those of the proprietor of that trade mark, in particular, where the use of that trade mark is necessary to indicate the intended purpose of a product or service, in particular as accessories or spare parts.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall only apply where the use made by the third party is in accordance with honest practices in industrial or commercial matters.

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Article 13

Exhaustion of the rights conferred by an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄

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1.  An EU trade mark shall not entitle the proprietor to prohibit its use in relation to goods which have been put on the market in the European Economic Area under that trade mark by the proprietor or with his consent.

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2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply where there exist legitimate reasons for the proprietor to oppose further commercialisation of the goods, especially where the condition of the goods is changed or impaired after they have been put on the market.

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Article 13a

Intervening right of the proprietor of a later registered trade mark as a defence in infringement proceedings

1.  In infringement proceedings, the proprietor of an EU trade mark shall not be entitled to prohibit the use of a later registered EU trade mark where that later trade mark would not be declared invalid pursuant to Article 53(1), (3) or (4), 54(1) or (2), or 57(2) of this Regulation.

2.  In infringement proceedings, the proprietor of an EU trade mark shall not be entitled to prohibit the use of a later registered national trade mark where that later registered national trade mark would not be declared invalid pursuant to Article 8, or Article 9(1) or (2), or 46(3) of Directive (EU) 2015/2436 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 3 ).

3.  Where the proprietor of an EU trade mark is not entitled to prohibit the use of a later registered trade mark pursuant to paragraph 1 or 2, the proprietor of that later registered trade mark shall not be entitled to prohibit the use of that earlier EU trade mark in infringement proceedings.

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Article 14

Complementary application of national law relating to infringement

1.  The effects of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ shall be governed solely by the provisions of this Regulation. In other respects, infringement of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be governed by the national law relating to infringement of a national trade mark in accordance with the provisions of Title X.

2.  This Regulation shall not prevent actions concerning an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ being brought under the law of Member States relating in particular to civil liability and unfair competition.

3.  The rules of procedure to be applied shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Title X.



SECTION 3

Use of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Article 15

Use of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

1.  If, within a period of five years following registration, the proprietor has not put the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ to genuine use in the ►M1  Union ◄ in connection with the goods or services in respect of which it is registered, or if such use has been suspended during an uninterrupted period of five years, the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be subject to the sanctions provided for in this Regulation, unless there are proper reasons for non-use.

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The following shall also constitute use within the meaning of the first subparagraph:

(a) use of the EU trade mark in a form differing in elements which do not alter the distinctive character of the mark in the form in which it was registered, regardless of whether or not the trade mark in the form as used is also registered in the name of the proprietor;

(b) affixing of the EU trade mark to goods or to the packaging thereof in the Union solely for export purposes.

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2.  Use of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ with the consent of the proprietor shall be deemed to constitute use by the proprietor.



SECTION 4

►M1  EU trade marks ◄ as objects of property

Article 16

Dealing with ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ as national trade marks

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1.  Unless Articles 17 to 24 provide otherwise, an EU trade mark as an object of property shall be dealt with in its entirety, and for the whole area of the Union, as a national trade mark registered in the Member State in which, according to the Register:

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(a) the proprietor has his seat or his domicile on the relevant date;

(b) where point (a) does not apply, the proprietor has an establishment on the relevant date.

2.  In cases which are not provided for by paragraph 1, the Member State referred to in that paragraph shall be the Member State in which the seat of the Office is situated.

3.  If two or more persons are mentioned in the Register of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ as joint proprietors, paragraph 1 shall apply to the joint proprietor first mentioned; failing this, it shall apply to the subsequent joint proprietors in the order in which they are mentioned. Where paragraph 1 does not apply to any of the joint proprietors, paragraph 2 shall apply.

Article 17

Transfer

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be transferred, separately from any transfer of the undertaking, in respect of some or all of the goods or services for which it is registered.

2.  A transfer of the whole of the undertaking shall include the transfer of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ except where, in accordance with the law governing the transfer, there is agreement to the contrary or circumstances clearly dictate otherwise. This provision shall apply to the contractual obligation to transfer the undertaking.

3.  Without prejudice to paragraph 2, an assignment of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be made in writing and shall require the signature of the parties to the contract, except when it is a result of a judgment; otherwise it shall be void.

4.  Where it is clear from the transfer documents that because of the transfer the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is likely to mislead the public concerning the nature, quality or geographical origin of the goods or services in respect of which it is registered, the Office shall not register the transfer unless the successor agrees to limit registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ to goods or services in respect of which it is not likely to mislead.

5.  On request of one of the parties a transfer shall be entered in the Register and published.

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5b.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the details to be contained in the application for registration of a transfer;

(b) the kind of documentation required to establish a transfer, taking account of the agreements given by the registered proprietor and the successor in title;

(c) the details of how to process applications for partial transfers, ensuring that the goods and services in the remaining registration and the new registration do not overlap and that a separate file, including a new registration number, is established for the new registration.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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6.  As long as the transfer has not been entered in the Register, the successor in title may not invoke the rights arising from the registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

7.  Where there are time limits to be observed vis-à-vis the Office, the successor in title may make the corresponding statements to the Office once the request for registration of the transfer has been received by the Office.

8.  All documents which require notification to the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ in accordance with Article 79 shall be addressed to the person registered as proprietor.

Article 18

Transfer of a trade mark registered in the name of an agent

Where an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is registered in the name of the agent or representative of a person who is the proprietor of that trade mark, without the proprietor's authorisation, the latter shall be entitled to demand the assignment in his favour of the said registration, unless such agent or representative justifies his action.

Article 19

Rights in rem

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may, independently of the undertaking, be given as security or be the subject of rights in rem.

2.  On request of one of the parties, rights mentioned in paragraph 1 shall be entered in the Register and published.

Article 20

Levy of execution

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be levied in execution.

2.  As regards the procedure for levy of execution in respect of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , the courts and authorities of the Member States determined in accordance with Article 16 shall have exclusive jurisdiction.

3.  On request of one the parties, levy of execution shall be entered in the Register and published.

Article 21

Insolvency proceedings

1.  The only insolvency proceedings in which an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be involved are those opened in the Member State in the territory of which the debtor has his centre of main interests.

However, where the debtor is an insurance undertaking or a credit institution as defined in Directive 2001/17/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2001 on the reorganisation and winding-up of insurance undertakings ( 4 ) and Directive 2001/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions ( 5 ), respectively, the only insolvency proceedings in which an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be involved are those opened in the Member State where that undertaking or institution has been authorised.

2.  In the case of joint proprietorship of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , paragraph 1 shall apply to the share of the joint proprietor.

3.  Where an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is involved in insolvency proceedings, on request of the competent national authority an entry to this effect shall be made in the Register and published in the ►M1  EU Trade Marks ◄ Bulletin referred to in Article 89.

Article 22

Licensing

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be licensed for some or all of the goods or services for which it is registered and for the whole or part of the ►M1  Union ◄ . A licence may be exclusive or non-exclusive.

2.  The proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may invoke the rights conferred by that trade mark against a licensee who contravenes any provision in his licensing contract with regard to:

(a) its duration;

(b) the form covered by the registration in which the trade mark may be used;

(c) the scope of the goods or services for which the licence is granted;

(d) the territory in which the trade mark may be affixed; or

(e) the quality of the goods manufactured or of the services provided by the licensee.

3.  Without prejudice to the provisions of the licensing contract, the licensee may bring proceedings for infringement of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ only if its proprietor consents thereto. However, the holder of an exclusive licence may bring such proceedings if the proprietor of the trade mark, after formal notice, does not himself bring infringement proceedings within an appropriate period.

4.  A licensee shall, for the purpose of obtaining compensation for damage suffered by him, be entitled to intervene in infringement proceedings brought by the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

5.  On request of one of the parties the grant or transfer of a licence in respect of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be entered in the Register and published.

Article 23

Effects vis-à-vis third parties

1.  Legal acts referred to in Articles 17, 19 and 22 concerning an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall have effects vis-à-vis third parties in all the Member States only after entry in the Register. Nevertheless, such an act, before it is so entered, shall have effect vis-à-vis third parties who have acquired rights in the trade mark after the date of that act but who knew of the act at the date on which the rights were acquired.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply in the case of a person who acquires the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or a right concerning the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ by way of transfer of the whole of the undertaking or by any other universal succession.

3.  The effects vis-à-vis third parties of the legal acts referred to in Article 20 shall be governed by the law of the Member State determined in accordance with Article 16.

4.  Until such time as common rules for the Member States in the field of bankruptcy enter into force, the effects vis-à-vis third parties of bankruptcy or like proceedings shall be governed by the law of the Member State in which such proceedings are first brought within the meaning of national law or of conventions applicable in this field.

Article 24

The application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ as an object of property

Articles 16 to 23 shall apply to applications for ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ .



TITLE III

APPLICATION FOR ►M1  EU TRADE MARKS ◄



SECTION 1

Filing of applications and the conditions which govern them

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Article 25

Filing of applications

1.  An application for an EU trade mark shall be filed at the Office.

2.  The Office shall issue to the applicant, without delay, a receipt which shall include at least the file number, a representation, description or other identification of the mark, the nature and the number of the documents and the date of their receipt. That receipt may be issued by electronic means.

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Article 26

Conditions with which applications must comply

1.  An application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall contain:

(a) a request for the registration of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ;

(b) information identifying the applicant;

(c) a list of the goods or services in respect of which the registration is requested;

(d) a representation of the trade mark.

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2.  The application for an EU trade mark shall be subject to the payment of the application fee covering one class of goods or services and, where appropriate, of one or more class fees for each class of goods and services exceeding the first class and, where applicable, the search fee.

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3.  An application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ must comply with the conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation referred to in Article 162(1), hereinafter referred to as the ‘Implementing Regulation’.

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4.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the application. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 27

Date of filing

The date of filing of an EU trade mark application shall be the date on which the documents containing the information specified in Article 26(1) are filed with the Office by the applicant, subject to payment of the application fee within one month of filing those documents.

Article 28

Designation and classification of goods and services

1.  Goods and services in respect of which trade mark registration is applied for shall be classified in conformity with the system of classification established by the Nice Agreement Concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks of 15 June 1957 (‘the Nice Classification’).

2.  The goods and services for which the protection of the trade mark is sought shall be identified by the applicant with sufficient clarity and precision to enable the competent authorities and economic operators, on that sole basis, to determine the extent of the protection sought.

3.  For the purposes of paragraph 2, the general indications included in the class headings of the Nice Classification or other general terms may be used, provided that they comply with the requisite standards of clarity and precision set out in this Article.

4.  The Office shall reject an application in respect of indications or terms which are unclear or imprecise, where the applicant does not suggest an acceptable wording within a period set by the Office to that effect.

5.  The use of general terms, including the general indications of the class headings of the Nice Classification, shall be interpreted as including all the goods or services clearly covered by the literal meaning of the indication or term. The use of such terms or indications shall not be interpreted as comprising a claim to goods or services which cannot be so understood.

6.  Where the applicant requests registration for more than one class, the applicant shall group the goods and services according to the classes of the Nice Classification, each group being preceded by the number of the class to which that group of goods or services belongs, and shall present them in the order of the classes.

7.  Goods and services shall not be regarded as being similar to each other on the ground that they appear in the same class under the Nice Classification. Goods and services shall not be regarded as being dissimilar from each other on the ground that they appear in different classes under the Nice Classification.

8.  Proprietors of EU trade marks applied for before 22 June 2012 which are registered in respect of the entire heading of a Nice class may declare that their intention on the date of filing had been to seek protection in respect of goods or services beyond those covered by the literal meaning of the heading of that class, provided that the goods or services so designated are included in the alphabetical list for that class in the edition of the Nice Classification in force at the date of filing.

The declaration shall be filed at the Office by 24 September 2016, and shall indicate, in a clear, precise and specific manner, the goods and services, other than those clearly covered by the literal meaning of the indications of the class heading, originally covered by the proprietor's intention. The Office shall take appropriate measures to amend the Register accordingly. The possibility to make a declaration in accordance with the first subparagraph of this paragraph shall be without prejudice to the application of Article 15, Article 42(2), Article 51(1)(a), and Article 57(2).

EU trade marks for which no declaration is filed within the period referred to in the second subparagraph shall be deemed to extend, as from the expiry of that period, only to goods or services clearly covered by the literal meaning of the indications included in the heading of the relevant class.

9.  Where the register is amended, the exclusive rights conferred by the EU trade mark under Article 9 shall not prevent a third party from continuing to use a trade mark in relation to goods or services where and to the extent that the use of the trade mark for those goods or services:

(a) commenced before the register was amended; and

(b) did not infringe the proprietor's rights based on the literal meaning of the record of the goods and services in the register at that time.

In addition, the amendment of the list of goods or services recorded in the register shall not give the proprietor of the EU trade mark the right to oppose or to apply for a declaration of invalidity of a later trade mark where and to the extent that:

(a) the later trade mark was either in use, or an application had been made to register the trade mark, for goods or services before the register was amended; and

(b) the use of the trade mark in relation to those goods or services did not infringe, or would not have infringed, the proprietor's rights based on the literal meaning of the record of the goods and services in the register at that time.

▼B



SECTION 2

Priority

Article 29

Right of priority

1.  A person who has duly filed an application for a trade mark in or in respect of any State party to the Paris Convention or to the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation, or his successors in title, shall enjoy, for the purpose of filing an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application for the same trade mark in respect of goods or services which are identical with or contained within those for which the application has been filed, a right of priority during a period of six months from the date of filing of the first application.

2.  Every filing that is equivalent to a regular national filing under the national law of the State where it was made or under bilateral or multilateral agreements shall be recognised as giving rise to a right of priority.

3.  By a regular national filing is meant any filing that is sufficient to establish the date on which the application was filed, whatever may be the outcome of the application.

4.  A subsequent application for a trade mark which was the subject of a previous first application in respect of the same goods or services and which is filed in or in respect of the same State shall be considered as the first application for the purposes of determining priority, provided that, at the date of filing of the subsequent application, the previous application has been withdrawn, abandoned or refused, without being open to public inspection and without leaving any rights outstanding, and has not served as a basis for claiming a right of priority. The previous application may not thereafter serve as a basis for claiming a right of priority.

5.  If the first filing has been made in a State which is not a party to the Paris Convention or to the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation, paragraphs 1 to 4 shall apply only in so far as that State, according to published findings, grants, on the basis of the first filing made at the Office and subject to conditions equivalent to those laid down in this Regulation, a right of priority having equivalent effect.

▼M1

Article 30

Claiming priority

2.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the kind of documentation to be filed for claiming the priority of a previous application in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 31

Effect of priority right

The right of priority shall have the effect that the date of priority shall count as the date of filing of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application for the purposes of establishing which rights take precedence.

Article 32

Equivalence of ►M1  Union ◄ filing with national filing

An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application which has been accorded a date of filing shall, in the Member States, be equivalent to a regular national filing, where appropriate with the priority claimed for the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application.



SECTION 3

Exhibition priority

Article 33

Exhibition priority

1.  If an applicant for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has displayed goods or services under the mark applied for, at an official or officially recognised international exhibition falling within the terms of the Convention on International Exhibitions signed at Paris on 22 November 1928 and last revised on 30 November 1972, he may, if he files the application within a period of six months from the date of the first display of the goods or services under the mark applied for, claim a right of priority from that date within the meaning of Article 31.

2.  An applicant who wishes to claim priority pursuant to paragraph 1 must file evidence of the display of goods or services under the mark applied for under the conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation.

3.  An exhibition priority granted in a Member State or in a third country does not extend the period of priority laid down in Article 29.

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4.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the type and details of evidence to be filed for claiming an exhibition priority in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



SECTION 4

Claiming the seniority of a national trade mark

Article 34

Claiming the seniority of a national trade mark

1.  The proprietor of an earlier trade mark registered in a Member State, including a trade mark registered in the Benelux countries, or registered under international arrangements having effect in a Member State, who applies for an identical trade mark for registration as an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ for goods or services which are identical with or contained within those for which the earlier trade mark has been registered, may claim for the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ the seniority of the earlier trade mark in respect of the Member State in or for which it is registered.

2.  Seniority shall have the sole effect under this Regulation that, where the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ surrenders the earlier trade mark or allows it to lapse, he shall be deemed to continue to have the same rights as he would have had if the earlier trade mark had continued to be registered.

▼M1

3.  The seniority claimed for the EU trade mark shall lapse where the earlier trade mark the seniority of which is claimed is declared to be invalid or revoked. Where the earlier trade mark is revoked, the seniority shall lapse provided that the revocation takes effect prior to the filing date or priority date of that EU trade mark.

▼M1

5.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the kind of documentation to be filed for claiming the seniority of a national trade mark or a trade mark registered under international agreements having effect in a Member State in accordance with paragraph 1a of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 35

Claiming seniority after registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄

1.  The proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ who is the proprietor of an earlier identical trade mark registered in a Member State, including a trade mark registered in the Benelux countries or of an earlier identical trade mark, with an international registration effective in a Member State, for goods or services which are identical to those for which the earlier trade mark has been registered, or contained within them, may claim the seniority of the earlier trade mark in respect of the Member State in or for which it was registered.

2.  Article 34(2) and (3) shall apply.



TITLE IV

REGISTRATION PROCEDURE



SECTION 1

Examination of applications

Article 36

Examination of the conditions of filing

1.  The Office shall examine whether:

(a) the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application satisfies the requirements for the accordance of a date of filing in accordance with Article 27;

(b) the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application complies with the conditions laid down in this Regulation and with the conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation;

(c) where appropriate, the class fees have been paid within the prescribed period.

2.  Where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application does not satisfy the requirements referred to in paragraph 1, the Office shall request the applicant to remedy the deficiencies or the default on payment within the prescribed period.

3.  If the deficiencies or the default on payment established pursuant to paragraph 1(a) are not remedied within this period, the application shall not be dealt with as an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application. If the applicant complies with the Office's request, the Office shall accord as the date of filing of the application the date on which the deficiencies or the default on payment established are remedied.

4.  If the deficiencies established pursuant to paragraph 1(b) are not remedied within the prescribed period, the Office shall refuse the application.

5.  If the default on payment established pursuant to paragraph 1(c) is not remedied within the prescribed period, the application shall be deemed to be withdrawn unless it is clear which categories of goods or services the amount paid is intended to cover.

6.  Failure to satisfy the requirements concerning the claim to priority shall result in loss of the right of priority for the application.

7.  Failure to satisfy the requirements concerning the claiming of seniority of a national trade mark shall result in loss of that right for the application.

Article 37

Examination as to absolute grounds for refusal

1.  Where, under Article 7, a trade mark is ineligible for registration in respect of some or all of the goods or services covered by the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, the application shall be refused as regards those goods or services.

▼M1 —————

▼B

3.  The application shall not be refused before the applicant has been allowed the opportunity of withdrawing or amending the application or of submitting his observations.



SECTION 2

Search

▼M1

Article 38

Search report

1.  The Office shall, at the request of the applicant for the EU trade mark when filing the application, draw up a European Union search report (‘EU search report’) citing those earlier EU trade marks or EU trade mark applications discovered which may be invoked under Article 8 against the registration of the EU trade mark applied for.

2.  Where, at the time of filing an EU trade mark application, the applicant requests that a search report be prepared by the central industrial property offices of the Member States and where the appropriate search fee has been paid within the time limit for the payment of the filing fee, the Office shall transmit without delay a copy of the EU trade mark application to the central industrial property office of each Member State which has informed the Office of its decision to operate a search in its own register of trade marks in respect of EU trade mark applications.

3.  Each of the central industrial property offices of the Member States referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall communicate a search report which shall either cite any earlier national trade marks, national trade mark applications or trade marks registered under international agreements, having effect in the Member State or Member States concerned, which have been discovered and which may be invoked under Article 8 against the registration of the EU trade mark applied for, or state that the search has revealed no such rights.

4.  The Office, after consulting the Management Board provided for in Article 124 (‘the Management Board’), shall establish the contents and modalities for the reports.

5.  The Office shall pay an amount to each central industrial property office for each search report provided by the office in accordance with paragraph 3. The amount, which shall be the same for each office, shall be fixed by the Budget Committee by means of a decision adopted by a majority of three quarters of the representatives of the Member States.

6.  The Office shall transmit to the applicant for the EU trade mark the EU search report requested and any requested national search reports received.

7.  Upon publication of the EU trade mark application, the Office shall inform the proprietors of any earlier EU trade marks, or EU trade mark applications cited in the EU search report of the publication of the EU trade mark application. The latter shall apply irrespective of whether the applicant has requested to receive the EU search report, unless the proprietor of an earlier registration or application requests not to receive the notification.

▼B



SECTION 3

Publication of the application

Article 39

Publication of the application

▼M1

1.  If the conditions which the application for an EU trade mark is required to satisfy have been fulfilled, the application shall be published for the purposes of Article 41 to the extent that it has not been refused pursuant to Article 37.

▼B

2.  Where, after publication, the application is refused under Article 37, the decision that it has been refused shall be published upon becoming final.

▼M1

5.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the details to be contained in the publication of the application. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



SECTION 4

Observations by third parties and opposition

▼M1

Article 40

Observations by third parties

1.  Any natural or legal person and any group or body representing manufacturers, producers, suppliers of services, traders or consumers may submit to the Office written observations, explaining on which grounds, under Articles 5 and 7, the trade mark should not be registered ex officio.

Persons and groups or bodies as referred to in the first subparagraph shall not be parties to the proceedings before the Office.

2.  Third party observations shall be submitted before the end of the opposition period or, where an opposition against the trade mark has been filed, before the final decision on the opposition is taken.

3.  The submission referred to in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the right of the Office to re-open the examination of absolute grounds on its own initiative at any time before registration, where appropriate.

4.  The observations referred to in paragraph 1 shall be communicated to the applicant who may comment on them.

▼B

Article 41

Opposition

1.  Within a period of three months following the publication of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, notice of opposition to registration of the trade mark may be given on the grounds that it may not be registered under Article 8:

(a) by the proprietors of earlier trade marks referred to in Article 8(2) as well as licensees authorised by the proprietors of those trade marks, in respect of Article 8(1) and (5);

(b) by the proprietors of trade marks referred to in Article 8(3);

(c) by the proprietors of earlier marks or signs referred to in Article 8(4) and by persons authorised under the relevant national law to exercise these rights;

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(d) by the persons authorised under the relevant Union legislation or national law to exercise the rights referred to in Article 8(4a).

▼B

2.  Notice of opposition to registration of the trade mark may also be given, subject to the conditions laid down in paragraph 1, in the event of the publication of an amended application in accordance with the second sentence of Article 43(2).

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3.  Opposition shall be expressed in writing, and shall specify the grounds on which it is made. It shall not be considered as duly entered until the opposition fee has been paid.

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4.  Within a period to be fixed by the Office, the opponent may submit facts, evidence and arguments in support of his case.

▼B

Article 42

Examination of opposition

1.  In the examination of the opposition the Office shall invite the parties, as often as necessary, to file observations, within a period set them by the Office, on communications from the other parties or issued by itself.

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2.  If the applicant so requests, the proprietor of an earlier EU trade mark who has given notice of opposition shall furnish proof that, during the five-year period preceding the date of filing or the date of priority of the EU trade mark application, the earlier EU trade mark has been put to genuine use in the Union in connection with the goods or services in respect of which it is registered and which he cites as justification for his opposition, or that there are proper reasons for non-use, provided the earlier EU trade mark has at that date been registered for not less than five years. In the absence of proof to this effect, the opposition shall be rejected. If the earlier EU trade mark has been used in relation to only part of the goods or services for which it is registered it shall, for the purposes of the examination of the opposition, be deemed to be registered in respect only of that part of the goods or services.

▼B

3.  Paragraph 2 shall apply to earlier national trade marks referred to in Article 8(2)(a), by substituting use in the Member State in which the earlier national trade mark is protected for use in the ►M1  Union ◄ .

4.  The Office may, if it thinks fit, invite the parties to make a friendly settlement.

5.  If examination of the opposition reveals that the trade mark may not be registered in respect of some or all of the goods or services for which the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application has been made, the application shall be refused in respect of those goods or services. Otherwise the opposition shall be rejected.

6.  The decision refusing the application shall be published upon becoming final.

▼M1

Article 42a

Delegation of powers

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details of the procedure for filing and examining an opposition set out in Articles 41 and 42.

▼B



SECTION 5

Withdrawal, restriction, amendment and division of the application

Article 43

Withdrawal, restriction and amendment of the application

1.  The applicant may at any time withdraw his ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or restrict the list of goods or services contained therein. Where the application has already been published, the withdrawal or restriction shall also be published.

2.  In other respects, an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application may be amended, upon request of the applicant, only by correcting the name and address of the applicant, errors of wording or of copying, or obvious mistakes, provided that such correction does not substantially change the trade mark or extend the list of goods or services. Where the amendments affect the representation of the trade mark or the list of goods or services and are made after publication of the application, the trade mark application shall be published as amended.

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3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details of the procedure governing the amendment of the application.

▼B

Article 44

Division of the application

1.  The applicant may divide the application by declaring that some of the goods or services included in the original application will be the subject of one or more divisional applications. The goods or services in the divisional application shall not overlap with the goods or services which remain in the original application or those which are included in other divisional applications.

2.  The declaration of division shall not be admissible:

(a) if, where an opposition has been entered against the original application, such a divisional application has the effect of introducing a division amongst the goods or services against which the opposition has been directed, until the decision of the Opposition Division has become final or the opposition proceedings are finally terminated otherwise;

(b) during the periods laid down in the Implementing Regulation.

3.  The declaration of division must comply with the provisions set out in the Implementing Regulation.

4.  The declaration of division shall be subject to a fee. The declaration shall be deemed not to have been made until the fee has been paid.

5.  The division shall take effect on the date on which it is recorded in the files kept by the Office concerning the original application.

6.  All requests and applications submitted and all fees paid with regard to the original application prior to the date on which the Office receives the declaration of division are deemed also to have been submitted or paid with regard to the divisional application or applications. The fees for the original application which have been duly paid prior to the date on which the declaration of division is received shall not be refunded.

7.  The divisional application shall preserve the filing date and any priority date and seniority date of the original application.

▼M1

9.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the details to be contained in a declaration of the division of an application made pursuant to paragraph 1;

(b) the details as to how to process a declaration of the division of an application, ensuring that a separate file, including a new application number, is established for the divisional application;

(c) the details to be contained in the publication of the divisional application pursuant to paragraph 8.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



SECTION 6

Registration

▼M1

Article 45

Registration

1.  Where an application meets the requirements set out in this Regulation and where no notice of opposition has been given within the period referred to in Article 41(1) or where any opposition entered has been finally disposed of by withdrawal, rejection or other disposition, the trade mark and the particulars referred to in Article 87(2) shall be recorded in the Register. The registration shall be published.

2.  The Office shall issue a certificate of registration. That certificate may be issued by electronic means. The Office shall provide certified or uncertified copies of the certificate subject to the payment of a fee, where those copies are issued other than by electronic means.

3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in and the form of the certificate of registration referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



TITLE V

DURATION, RENEWAL, ALTERATION AND DIVISION OF ►M1  EU TRADE MARKS ◄

Article 46

Duration of registration

►M1  EU trade marks ◄ shall be registered for a period of 10 years from the date of filing of the application. Registration may be renewed in accordance with Article 47 for further periods of 10 years.

▼M1

Article 47

Renewal

1.  Registration of the EU trade mark shall be renewed at the request of the proprietor of the EU trade mark or any person expressly authorised by him, provided that the fees have been paid.

2.  The Office shall inform the proprietor of the EU trade mark, and any person having a registered right in respect of the EU trade mark, of the expiry of the registration at least six months before the said expiry. Failure to give such information shall not involve the responsibility of the Office and shall not affect the expiry of the registration.

3.  The request for renewal shall be submitted in the six-month period prior to the expiry of the registration. The basic fee for the renewal, and where appropriate, one or more class fees for each class of goods or services exceeding the first one shall also be paid within this period. Failing this, the request may be submitted and the fees paid within a further period of six months following the expiry of registration, provided that an additional fee for late payment of the renewal fee or late submission of the request for renewal is paid within this further period.

4.  The request for renewal shall include:

(a) the name of the person requesting renewal;

(b) the registration number of the EU trade mark to be renewed;

(c) if the renewal is requested for only part of the registered goods and services, an indication of those classes or those goods and services for which renewal is requested, or those classes or those goods and services for which renewal is not requested, grouped according to the classes of the Nice classification, each group being preceded by the number of the class of that classification to which that group of goods or services belongs, and presented in the order of classes of that classification.

If the payment referred to in paragraph 3 is made, it shall be deemed to constitute a request for renewal provided that it contains all necessary indications to establish the purpose of the payment.

5.  Where the request is submitted or the fees paid in respect of only some of the goods or services for which the EU trade mark is registered, registration shall be renewed for those goods or services only. Where the fees paid are insufficient to cover all the classes of goods and services for which renewal is requested, registration shall be renewed if it is clear which class or classes are to be covered. In the absence of other criteria, the Office shall take the classes into account in the order of classification.

6.  Renewal shall take effect from the day following the date on which the existing registration expires. The renewal shall be registered.

7.  Where the request for renewal is filed within the periods provided for in paragraph 3, but the other conditions governing renewal provided for in this Article are not satisfied, the Office shall inform the applicant of the deficiencies found.

8.  Where a request for renewal is not submitted or is submitted after the expiry of the period provided for in paragraph 3, or where the fees are not paid or are paid only after the period in question has expired, or where the deficiencies referred to in paragraph 7 are not remedied within that period, the Office shall determine that the registration has expired and shall notify the proprietor of the EU trade mark accordingly. Where the determination has become final, the Office shall cancel the mark from the register. The cancellation shall take effect from the day following the date on which the existing registration expired. Where the renewal fees have been paid but the registration is not renewed, those fees shall be refunded.

9.  A single request for renewal may be submitted for two or more marks, upon payment of the required fees for each of the marks, provided that the proprietors or the representatives are the same in each case.

▼B

Article 48

Alteration

1.  The ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall not be altered in the Register during the period of registration or on renewal thereof.

2.  Nevertheless, where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ includes the name and address of the proprietor, any alteration thereof not substantially affecting the identity of the trade mark as originally registered may be registered at the request of the proprietor.

▼M1

3.  The request for alteration shall include the element of the mark to be altered and that element in its altered version.

The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the request for alteration. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼M1

4.  The request shall be deemed not to have been filed until the required fee has been paid. If the fee has not been paid or has not been paid in full, the Office shall inform the applicant accordingly. A single request may be made for the alteration of the same element in two or more registrations of the same proprietor. The required fee shall be paid in respect of each registration to be altered. If the requirements governing the alteration of the registration are not fulfilled, the Office shall communicate the deficiency to the applicant. If the deficiency is not remedied within a period to be specified by the Office, the Office shall reject the request.

5.  The publication of the registration of the alteration shall contain a representation of the EU trade mark as altered. Third parties whose rights may be affected by the alteration may challenge the registration thereof within the period of three months following publication.

Article 48a

Change of the name or address

1.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in a request for the change of name or address pursuant to the first subparagraph of this paragraph. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 49

Division of the registration

1.  The proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may divide the registration by declaring that some of the goods or services included in the original registration will be the subject of one or more divisional registrations. The goods or services in the divisional registration shall not overlap with the goods or services which remain in the original registration or those which are included in other divisional registrations.

2.  The declaration of division shall not be admissible:

(a) if, where an application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity has been entered at the Office against the original registration, such a divisional declaration has the effect of introducing a division amongst the goods or services against which the application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity is directed, until the decision of the Cancellation Division has become final or the proceedings are finally terminated otherwise;

(b) if, where a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity has been entered in a case before an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ , such a divisional declaration has the effect of introducing a division amongst the goods or services against which the counterclaim is directed, until the mention of the ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ 's judgment is recorded in the Register pursuant to Article 100(6).

3.  The declaration of division must comply with the provisions set out in the Implementing Regulation.

4.  The declaration of division shall be subject to a fee. The declaration shall be deemed not to have been made until the fee has been paid.

5.  The division shall take effect on the date on which it is entered in the Register.

6.  All requests and applications submitted and all fees paid with regard to the original registration prior to the date on which the Office receives the declaration of division shall be deemed also to have been submitted or paid with regard to the divisional registration or registrations. The fees for the original registration which have been duly paid prior to the date on which the declaration of division is received shall not be refunded.

7.  The divisional registration shall preserve the filing date and any priority date and seniority date of the original registration.

▼M1

8.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the details to be contained in a declaration of the division of a registration pursuant to paragraph 1;

(b) the details as how to process a declaration of the division of a registration, ensuring that a separate file, including a new registration number, is established for the divisional registration.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



TITLE VI

SURRENDER, REVOCATION AND INVALIDITY



SECTION 1

Surrender

Article 50

Surrender

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may be surrendered in respect of some or all of the goods or services for which it is registered.

2.  The surrender shall be declared to the Office in writing by the proprietor of the trade mark. It shall not have effect until it has been entered in the Register.

3.  Surrender shall be entered only with the agreement of the proprietor of a right entered in the Register. If a licence has been registered, surrender shall be entered in the Register only if the proprietor of the trade mark proves that he has informed the licensee of his intention to surrender; this entry shall be made on expiry of the period prescribed by the Implementing Regulation.

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5.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in a declaration of surrender pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article and the kind of documentation required to establish a third party's agreement pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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SECTION 2

Grounds for revocation

Article 51

Grounds for revocation

1.  The rights of the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be declared to be revoked on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings:

(a) if, within a continuous period of five years, the trade mark has not been put to genuine use in the ►M1  Union ◄ in connection with the goods or services in respect of which it is registered, and there are no proper reasons for non-use; however, no person may claim that the proprietor's rights in an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ should be revoked where, during the interval between expiry of the five-year period and filing of the application or counterclaim, genuine use of the trade mark has been started or resumed; the commencement or resumption of use within a period of three months preceding the filing of the application or counterclaim which began at the earliest on expiry of the continuous period of five years of non-use shall, however, be disregarded where preparations for the commencement or resumption occur only after the proprietor becomes aware that the application or counterclaim may be filed;

(b) if, in consequence of acts or inactivity of the proprietor, the trade mark has become the common name in the trade for a product or service in respect of which it is registered;

(c) if, in consequence of the use made of it by the proprietor of the trade mark or with his consent in respect of the goods or services for which it is registered, the trade mark is liable to mislead the public, particularly as to the nature, quality or geographical origin of those goods or services.

2.  Where the grounds for revocation of rights exist in respect of only some of the goods or services for which the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is registered, the rights of the proprietor shall be declared to be revoked in respect of those goods or services only.



SECTION 3

Grounds for invalidity

Article 52

Absolute grounds for invalidity

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be declared invalid on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings:

(a) where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has been registered contrary to the provisions of Article 7;

(b) where the applicant was acting in bad faith when he filed the application for the trade mark.

2.  Where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has been registered in breach of the provisions of Article 7(1)(b), (c) or (d), it may nevertheless not be declared invalid if, in consequence of the use which has been made of it, it has after registration acquired a distinctive character in relation to the goods or services for which it is registered.

3.  Where the ground for invalidity exists in respect of only some of the goods or services for which the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is registered, the trade mark shall be declared invalid as regards those goods or services only.

Article 53

Relative grounds for invalidity

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be declared invalid on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings:

(a) where there is an earlier trade mark as referred to in Article 8(2) and the conditions set out in paragraph 1 or paragraph 5 of that Article are fulfilled;

(b) where there is a trade mark as referred to in Article 8(3) and the conditions set out in that paragraph are fulfilled;

(c) where there is an earlier right as referred to in Article 8(4) and the conditions set out in that paragraph are fulfilled;

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(d) where there is an earlier designation of origin or geographical indication as referred to in Article 8(4a) and the conditions set out in that paragraph are fulfilled.

All the conditions referred to in the first subparagraph shall be fulfilled at the filing date or the priority date of the EU trade mark.

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2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall also be declared invalid on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings where the use of such trade mark may be prohibited pursuant to another earlier right under the ►M1  Union ◄ legislation or national law governing its protection, and in particular:

(a) a right to a name;

(b) a right of personal portrayal;

(c) a copyright;

(d) an industrial property right.

3.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may not be declared invalid where the proprietor of a right referred to in paragraphs 1 or 2 consents expressly to the registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ before submission of the application for a declaration of invalidity or the counterclaim.

4.  Where the proprietor of one of the rights referred to in paragraphs 1 or 2 has previously applied for a declaration that an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is invalid or made a counterclaim in infringement proceedings, he may not submit a new application for a declaration of invalidity or lodge a counterclaim on the basis of another of the said rights which he could have invoked in support of his first application or counterclaim.

5.  Article 52(3) shall apply.

Article 54

Limitation in consequence of acquiescence

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1.  Where the proprietor of an EU trade mark has acquiesced, for a period of five successive years, in the use of a later EU trade mark in the Union while being aware of such use, he shall no longer be entitled on the basis of the earlier trade mark to apply for a declaration that the later trade mark is invalid in respect of the goods or services for which the later trade mark has been used, unless registration of the later EU trade mark was applied for in bad faith.

2.  Where the proprietor of an earlier national trade mark as referred to in Article 8(2) or of another earlier sign referred to in Article 8(4) has acquiesced, for a period of five successive years, in the use of a later EU trade mark in the Member State in which the earlier trade mark or the other earlier sign is protected while being aware of such use, he shall no longer be entitled on the basis of the earlier trade mark or of the other earlier sign to apply for a declaration that the later trade mark is invalid in respect of the goods or services for which the later trade mark has been used, unless registration of the later EU trade mark was applied for in bad faith.

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3.  In the cases referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, the proprietor of a later ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall not be entitled to oppose the use of the earlier right, even though that right may no longer be invoked against the later ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .



SECTION 4

Consequences of revocation and invalidity

Article 55

Consequences of revocation and invalidity

1.  The ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be deemed not to have had, as from the date of the application for revocation or of the counterclaim, the effects specified in this Regulation, to the extent that the rights of the proprietor have been revoked. An earlier date, on which one of the grounds for revocation occurred, may be fixed in the decision at the request of one of the parties.

2.  The ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be deemed not to have had, as from the outset, the effects specified in this Regulation, to the extent that the trade mark has been declared invalid.

3.  Subject to the national provisions relating either to claims for compensation for damage caused by negligence or lack of good faith on the part of the proprietor of the trade mark, or to unjust enrichment, the retroactive effect of revocation or invalidity of the trade mark shall not affect:

(a) any decision on infringement which has acquired the authority of a final decision and been enforced prior to the revocation or invalidity decision;

(b) any contract concluded prior to the revocation or invalidity decision, in so far as it has been performed before that decision; however, repayment, to an extent justified by the circumstances, of sums paid under the relevant contract, may be claimed on grounds of equity.



SECTION 5

Proceedings in the Office in relation to revocation or invalidity

Article 56

Application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity

1.  An application for revocation of the rights of the proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or for a declaration that the trade mark is invalid may be submitted to the Office:

(a) where Articles 51 and 52 apply, by any natural or legal person and any group or body set up for the purpose of representing the interests of manufacturers, producers, suppliers of services, traders or consumers, which under the terms of the law governing it has the capacity in its own name to sue and be sued;

(b) where Article 53(1) applies, by the persons referred to in Article 41(1);

(c) where Article 53(2) applies, by the owners of the earlier rights referred to in that provision or by the persons who are entitled ►M1  under Union legislation or the law of the Member State concerned ◄ to exercise the rights in question.

2.  The application shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the fee has been paid.

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3.  An application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity shall be inadmissible where an application relating to the same subject matter and cause of action, and involving the same parties, has been adjudicated on its merits, either by the Office or by an EU trade mark court as referred to in Article 95, and the decision of the Office or that court on that application has acquired the authority of a final decision.

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Article 57

Examination of the application

1.  On the examination of the application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity, the Office shall invite the parties, as often as necessary, to file observations, within a period to be fixed by the Office, on communications from the other parties or issued by itself.

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2.  If the proprietor of the EU trade mark so requests, the proprietor of an earlier EU trade mark, being a party to the invalidity proceedings, shall furnish proof that, during the period of five years preceding the date of the application for a declaration of invalidity, the earlier EU trade mark has been put to genuine use in the Union in connection with the goods or services in respect of which it is registered and which the proprietor of that earlier trade mark cites as justification for his application, or that there are proper reasons for non-use, provided the earlier EU trade mark has at that date been registered for not less than five years. If, at the date on which the EU trade mark application was filed or at the priority date of the EU trade mark application, the earlier EU trade mark had been registered for not less than five years, the proprietor of the earlier EU trade mark shall furnish proof that, in addition, the conditions set out in Article 42(2) were satisfied at that date. In the absence of proof to this effect, the application for a declaration of invalidity shall be rejected. If the earlier EU trade mark has been used only in relation to part of the goods or services for which it is registered, it shall, for the purpose of the examination of the application for a declaration of invalidity, be deemed to be registered in respect of that part of the goods or services only.

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3.  Paragraph 2 shall apply to earlier national trade marks referred to in Article 8(2)(a), by substituting use in the Member State in which the earlier national trade mark is protected for use in the ►M1  Union ◄ .

4.  The Office may, if it thinks fit, invite the parties to make a friendly settlement.

5.  If the examination of the application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity reveals that the trade mark should not have been registered in respect of some or all of the goods or services for which it is registered, the rights of the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be revoked or it shall be declared invalid in respect of those goods or services. Otherwise the application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity shall be rejected.

6.  A record of the Office's decision on the application for revocation of rights or for a declaration of invalidity shall be entered in the Register once it has become final.

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Article 57a

Delegation of powers

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details of the procedures governing the revocation and declaration of invalidity of an EU trade mark as referred to in Articles 56 and 57, as well as the transfer of an EU trade mark registered in the name of an agent as referred to in Article 18.

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TITLE VII

APPEALS

Article 58

Decisions subject to appeal

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1.  An appeal shall lie from decisions of any of the decision-making instances of the Office listed in points (a) to (d) of Article 130, and, where appropriate, point (f) of that Article. Those decisions shall take effect only as from the date of expiration of the appeal period referred to in Article 60. The filing of the appeal shall have suspensive effect.

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2.  A decision which does not terminate proceedings as regards one of the parties can only be appealed together with the final decision, unless the decision allows separate appeal.

Article 59

Persons entitled to appeal and to be parties to appeal proceedings

Any party to proceedings adversely affected by a decision may appeal. Any other parties to the proceedings shall be parties to the appeal proceedings as of right.

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Article 60

Time limit and form of appeal

1.  Notice of appeal shall be filed in writing at the Office within two months of the date of notification of the decision. The notice shall be deemed to have been filed only when the fee for appeal has been paid. It shall be filed in the language of the proceedings in which the decision subject to appeal was taken. Within four months of the date of notification of the decision, a written statement setting out the grounds of appeal shall be filed.

2.  In inter partes proceedings, the defendant may, in his response, seek a decision annulling or altering the contested decision on a point not raised in the appeal. Such submissions shall cease to have effect should the appellant discontinue the proceedings.

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Article 61

Revision of decisions in ex parte cases

1.  If the party which has lodged the appeal is the sole party to the procedure, and if the department whose decision is contested considers the appeal to be admissible and well founded, the department shall rectify its decision.

2.  If the decision is not rectified within one month after receipt of the statement of grounds, the appeal shall be remitted to the Board of Appeal without delay, and without comment as to its merit.

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Article 63

Examination of appeals

1.  If the appeal is admissible, the Board of Appeal shall examine whether the appeal is allowable.

2.  In the examination of the appeal, the Board of Appeal shall invite the parties, as often as necessary, to file observations, within a period to be fixed by the Board of Appeal, on communications from the other parties or issued by itself.

Article 64

Decisions in respect of appeals

1.  Following the examination as to the allowability of the appeal, the Board of Appeal shall decide on the appeal. The Board of Appeal may either exercise any power within the competence of the department which was responsible for the decision appealed or remit the case to that department for further prosecution.

2.  If the Board of Appeal remits the case for further prosecution to the department whose decision was appealed, that department shall be bound by the ratio decidendi of the Board of Appeal, in so far as the facts are the same.

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3.  The decisions of the Board of Appeal shall take effect only as from the date of expiry of the period referred to in Article 65(5) or, if an action has been brought before the General Court within that period, as from the date of dismissal of such action or of any appeal filed with the Court of Justice against the decision of the General Court.

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Article 65

Actions before the Court of Justice

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1.  Actions may be brought before the General Court against decisions of the Boards of Appeal in relation to appeals.

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2.  The action may be brought on grounds of lack of competence, infringement of an essential procedural requirement, infringement of the Treaty, of this Regulation or of any rule of law relating to their application or misuse of power.

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3.  The General Court shall have jurisdiction to annul or to alter the contested decision.

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4.  The action shall be open to any party to proceedings before the Board of Appeal adversely affected by its decision.

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5.  The action shall be brought before the General Court within two months of the date of notification of the decision of the Board of Appeal.

6.  The Office shall take the necessary measures to comply with the judgment of the General Court or, in the event of an appeal against that judgment, the Court of Justice.

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Article 65a

Delegation of powers

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying:

(a) the formal content of the notice of appeal referred to in Article 60 and the procedure for the filing and the examination of an appeal;

(b) the formal content and form of the Board of Appeal's decisions as referred to in Article 64;

(c) the reimbursement of the appeal fee as referred to in Article 60.

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TITLE VIII

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EU COLLECTIVE MARKS

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Article 66

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EU collective marks

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1.  A ►M1  European Union collective mark (‘EU collective mark’) ◄ shall be an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ which is described as such when the mark is applied for and is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of the members of the association which is the proprietor of the mark from those of other undertakings. Associations of manufacturers, producers, suppliers of services, or traders which, under the terms of the law governing them, have the capacity in their own name to have rights and obligations of all kinds, to make contracts or accomplish other legal acts and to sue and be sued, as well as legal persons governed by public law, may apply for ►M1  European Union collective marks (‘EU collective marks’) ◄ .

2.  In derogation from Article 7(1)(c), signs or indications which may serve, in trade, to designate the geographical origin of the goods or services may constitute ►M1  EU collective marks ◄ within the meaning of paragraph 1. A collective mark shall not entitle the proprietor to prohibit a third party from using in the course of trade such signs or indications, provided he uses them in accordance with honest practices in industrial or commercial matters; in particular, such a mark may not be invoked against a third party who is entitled to use a geographical name.

3.  The provisions of this Regulation shall apply to ►M1  EU collective marks ◄ , unless Articles 67 to 74 provide otherwise.

Article 67

Regulations governing use of the mark

1.  An applicant for an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ must submit regulations governing its use within the period prescribed.

2.  The regulations governing use shall specify the persons authorised to use the mark, the conditions of membership of the association and, where they exist, the conditions of use of the mark, including sanctions. The regulations governing use of a mark referred to in Article 66(2) must authorise any person whose goods or services originate in the geographical area concerned to become a member of the association which is the proprietor of the mark.

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3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the regulations referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 68

Refusal of the application

1.  In addition to the grounds for refusal of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application provided for in Articles 36 and 37, an application for an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ shall be refused where the provisions of Articles 66 or 67 are not satisfied, or where the regulations governing use are contrary to public policy or to accepted principles of morality.

2.  An application for an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ shall also be refused if the public is liable to be misled as regards the character or the significance of the mark, in particular if it is likely to be taken to be something other than a collective mark.

3.  An application shall not be refused if the applicant, as a result of amendment of the regulations governing use, meets the requirements of paragraphs 1 and 2.

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Article 69

Observations by third parties

Where written observations on an EU collective mark are submitted to the Office pursuant to Article 40, those observations may also be based on the particular grounds on which the application for an EU collective mark should be refused pursuant to Article 68.

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Article 70

Use of marks

Use of an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ by any person who has authority to use it shall satisfy the requirements of this Regulation, provided that the other conditions which this Regulation imposes with regard to the use of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ are fulfilled.

Article 71

Amendment of the regulations governing use of the mark

1.  The proprietor of an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ must submit to the Office any amended regulations governing use.

2.  The amendment shall not be mentioned in the Register if the amended regulations do not satisfy the requirements of Article 67 or involve one of the grounds for refusal referred to in Article 68.

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3.  Written observations made in accordance with Article 69 may also be submitted with regard to amended regulations governing use.

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4.  For the purposes of applying this Regulation, amendments to the regulations governing use shall take effect only from the date of entry of the mention of the amendment in the Register.

Article 72

Persons who are entitled to bring an action for infringement

1.  The provisions of Article 22(3) and (4) concerning the rights of licensees shall apply to every person who has authority to use an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ .

2.  The proprietor of an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ shall be entitled to claim compensation on behalf of persons who have authority to use the mark where they have sustained damage in consequence of unauthorised use of the mark.

Article 73

Grounds for revocation

Apart from the grounds for revocation provided for in Article 51, the rights of the proprietor of an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ shall be revoked on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings, if:

(a) the proprietor does not take reasonable steps to prevent the mark being used in a manner incompatible with the conditions of use, where these exist, laid down in the regulations governing use, amendments to which have, where appropriate, been mentioned in the Register;

(b) the manner in which the mark has been used by the proprietor has caused it to become liable to mislead the public in the manner referred to in Article 68(2);

(c) an amendment to the regulations governing use of the mark has been mentioned in the Register in breach of the provisions of Article 71(2), unless the proprietor of the mark, by further amending the regulations governing use, complies with the requirements of those provisions.

Article 74

Grounds for invalidity

Apart from the grounds for invalidity provided for in Articles 52 and 53, an ►M1  EU collective mark ◄ which is registered in breach of the provisions of Article 68 shall be declared invalid on application to the Office or on the basis of a counterclaim in infringement proceedings, unless the proprietor of the mark, by amending the regulations governing use, complies with the requirements of those provisions.

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SECTION 2

EU certification marks

Article 74b

Regulations governing use of the EU certification mark

3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the regulations referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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TITLE IX

PROCEDURE



SECTION 1

General provisions

Article 75

Statement of reasons on which decisions are based

Decisions of the Office shall state the reasons on which they are based. They shall be based only on reasons or evidence on which the parties concerned have had on opportunity to present their comments.

Article 76

Examination of the facts by the Office of its own motion

1.  In proceedings before it the Office shall examine the facts of its own motion; however, in proceedings relating to relative grounds for refusal of registration, the Office shall be restricted in this examination to the facts, evidence and arguments provided by the parties and the relief sought. ►M1  In invalidity proceedings taken pursuant to Article 52, the Office shall limit its examination to the grounds and arguments submitted by the parties. ◄

2.  The Office may disregard facts or evidence which are not submitted in due time by the parties concerned.

Article 77

Oral proceedings

1.  If the Office considers that oral proceedings would be expedient they shall be held either at the instance of the Office or at the request of any party to the proceedings.

2.  Oral proceedings before the examiners, the Opposition Division and the Administration of Trade Marks and Legal Division shall not be public.

3.  Oral proceedings, including delivery of the decision, shall be public before the Cancellation Division and the Boards of Appeal, in so far as the department before which the proceedings are taking place does not decide otherwise in cases where admission of the public could have serious and unjustified disadvantages, in particular for a party to the proceedings.

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4.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the detailed arrangements for oral proceedings, including the detailed arrangements for the use of languages in accordance with Article 119.

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Article 78

Taking of evidence

1.  In any proceedings before the Office, the means of giving or obtaining evidence shall include the following:

(a) hearing the parties;

(b) requests for information;

(c) the production of documents and items of evidence;

(d) hearing witnesses;

(e) opinions by experts;

(f) statements in writing sworn or affirmed or having a similar effect under the law of the State in which the statement is drawn up.

2.  The relevant department may commission one of its members to examine the evidence adduced.

3.  If the Office considers it necessary for a party, witness or expert to give evidence orally, it shall issue a summons to the person concerned to appear before it.

4.  The parties shall be informed of the hearing of a witness or expert before the Office. They shall have the right to be present and to put questions to the witness or expert.

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6.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the detailed arrangements for the taking of evidence.

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Article 79

Notification

5.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the detailed arrangements for notification.

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Article 79b

Communications to the Office

2.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the rules on the means of communication, including the electronic means of communication, to be used by the parties to proceedings before the Office and the forms to be made available by the Office.

Article 79c

Time limits

5.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details regarding the calculation and duration of time limits.

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Article 80

Revocation of decisions

3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the procedure for the revocation of a decision or for the cancellation of an entry in the Register.

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Article 81

Restitutio in integrum

1.  The applicant for or proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or any other party to proceedings before the Office who, in spite of all due care required by the circumstances having been taken, was unable to comply with a time limit vis-à-vis the Office shall, upon application, have his rights re-established if the obstacle to compliance has the direct consequence, by virtue of the provisions of this Regulation, of causing the loss of any right or means of redress.

2.  The application must be filed in writing within two months from the removal of the obstacle to compliance with the time limit. The omitted act must be completed within this period. The application shall only be admissible within the year immediately following the expiry of the unobserved time limit. In the case of non-submission of the request for renewal of registration or of non-payment of a renewal fee, the further period of six months provided in Article 47(3), third sentence, shall be deducted from the period of one year.

3.  The application must state the grounds on which it is based and must set out the facts on which it relies. It shall not be deemed to be filed until the fee for re-establishment of rights has been paid.

4.  The department competent to decide on the omitted act shall decide upon the application.

5.  This Article shall not be applicable to the time limits referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, Article 41(1) and (3) and Article 82.

6.  Where the applicant for or proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has his rights re-established, he may not invoke his rights vis-à-vis a third party who, in good faith, has put goods on the market or supplied services under a sign which is identical with, or similar to, the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ in the course of the period between the loss of rights in the application or in the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and publication of the mention of re-establishment of those rights.

7.  A third party who may avail himself of the provisions of paragraph 6 may bring third party proceedings against the decision re-establishing the rights of the applicant for or proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ within a period of two months as from the date of publication of the mention of re-establishment of those rights.

8.  Nothing in this Article shall limit the right of a Member State to grant restitutio in integrum in respect of time limits provided for in this Regulation and to be observed vis-à-vis the authorities of such State.

Article 82

Continuation of proceedings

1.  An applicant for or proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or any other party to proceedings before the Office who has omitted to observe a time limit vis-à-vis the Office may, upon request, obtain the continuation of proceedings, provided that at the time the request is made the omitted act has been carried out. The request for continuation of proceedings shall be admissible only if it is presented within two months following the expiry of the unobserved time limit. The request shall not be deemed to have been filed until the fee for continuation of the proceedings has been paid.

2.  This Article shall not be applicable to the time limits laid down in Article 25(3), Article 27, Article 29(1), Article 33(1), Article 36(2), Article 41, Article 42, Article 47(3), Article 60, Article 62, Article 65(5), Article 81, Article 112, or to the time limits laid down in this Article or the time limits laid down by the Implementing Regulation for claiming, after the application has been filed, priority within the meaning of Article 30, exhibition priority within the meaning of Article 33 or seniority within the meaning of Article 34.

3.  The department competent to decide on the omitted act shall decide upon the application.

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4.  If the Office accepts the application, the consequences of having failed to observe the time limit shall be deemed not to have occurred. If a decision has been taken between the expiry of that time limit and the request for the continuation of proceedings, the department competent to decide on the omitted act shall review the decision and, where completion of the omitted act itself is sufficient, take a different decision. If, following the review, the Office concludes that the original decision does not require to be altered, it shall confirm that decision in writing.

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5.  If the Office rejects the application, the fee shall be refunded.

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Article 82a

Interruption of proceedings

3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the detailed arrangements for the resumption of proceedings before the Office.

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Article 83

Reference to general principles

In the absence of procedural provisions in this Regulation, the Implementing Regulation, the fees regulations or the rules of procedure of the Boards of Appeal, the Office shall take into account the principles of procedural law generally recognised in the Member States.

Article 84

Termination of financial obligations

1.  Rights of the Office to the payment of a fee shall be extinguished after four years from the end of the calendar year in which the fee fell due.

2.  Rights against the Office for the refunding of fees or sums of money paid in excess of a fee shall be extinguished after four years from the end of the calendar year in which the right arose.

3.  The period laid down in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be interrupted, in the case covered by paragraph 1, by a request for payment of the fee, and in the case covered by paragraph 2, by a reasoned claim in writing. On interruption it shall begin again immediately and shall end at the latest six years after the end of the year in which it originally began, unless, in the meantime, judicial proceedings to enforce the right have begun; in this case the period shall end at the earliest one year after the judgment has acquired the authority of a final decision.



SECTION 2

Costs

Article 85

Costs

1.  The losing party in opposition proceedings, proceedings for revocation, proceedings for a declaration of invalidity or appeal proceedings shall bear the fees incurred by the other party as well as all costs, without prejudice to Article 119(6), incurred by him essential to the proceedings, including travel and subsistence and the remuneration of an agent, adviser or advocate, within the limits of the scales set for each category of costs under the conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation.

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1a.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the maximum rates for costs essential to the proceedings and actually incurred by the successful party. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

When specifying such amounts with respect to travel and subsistence costs, the Commission shall take into account the distance between the place of residence or business of the party, representative or witness or expert and the place where the oral proceedings are held, the procedural stage at which the costs have been incurred, and, as far as costs of representation within the meaning of Article 93(1) are concerned, the need to ensure that the obligation to bear the costs may not be misused for tactical reasons by the other party. Subsistence expenses shall be calculated in accordance with the Staff Regulations of Officials of the Union and the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants of the Union, laid down in Council Regulation (EEC, Euratom, ECSC) No 259/68 ( 6 ).

The losing party shall bear the costs for one opposing party only and, where applicable, one representative only.

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2.  However, where each party succeeds on some and fails on other heads, or if reasons of equity so dictate, the Opposition Division, Cancellation Division or Board of Appeal shall decide a different apportionment of costs.

3.  The party who terminates the proceedings by withdrawing the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, the opposition, the application for revocation of rights, the application for a declaration of invalidity or the appeal, or by not renewing registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or by surrendering the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , shall bear the fees and the costs incurred by the other party as stipulated in paragraphs 1 and 2.

4.  Where a case does not proceed to judgment the costs shall be at the discretion of the Opposition Division, Cancellation Division or Board of Appeal.

5.  Where the parties conclude before the Opposition Division, Cancellation Division or Board of Appeal a settlement of costs differing from that provided for in the preceding paragraphs, the department concerned shall take note of that agreement.

6.  The Opposition Division or Cancellation Division or Board of Appeal shall fix the amount of the costs to be paid pursuant to the preceding paragraphs when the costs to be paid are limited to the fees paid to the Office and the representation costs. In all other cases, the registry of the Board of Appeal or a member of the staff of the Opposition Division or Cancellation Division shall fix the amount of the costs to be reimbursed on request. The request is admissible only within two months of the date on which the decision for which an application was made for the costs to be fixed became final. The amount so determined may be reviewed by a decision of the Opposition Division or Cancellation Division or Board of Appeal on a request filed within the prescribed period.

Article 86

Enforcement of decisions fixing the amount of costs

1.  Any final decision of the Office fixing the amount of costs shall be enforceable.

2.  Enforcement shall be governed by the rules of civil procedure in force in the State in the territory of which it is carried out. ►M1  Each Member State shall designate a single authority responsible for verifying the authenticity of the decision referred to in paragraph 1 and shall communicate its contact details to the Office, the Court of Justice and the Commission. The order for the enforcement of the decision shall be appended to the decision by that authority, with the verification of the authenticity of the decision as the sole formality. ◄

3.  When these formalities have been completed on application by the party concerned, the latter may proceed to enforcement in accordance with the national law, by bringing the matter directly before the competent authority.

4.  Enforcement may be suspended only by a decision of the Court of Justice. However, the courts of the country concerned shall have jurisdiction over complaints that enforcement is being carried out in an irregular manner.



SECTION 3

Information which may be made available to the public and of the authorities of the Member States

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Article 87

Register of EU trade marks

1.  The Office shall keep a Register of EU trade marks which it shall keep up to date.

2.  The Register shall contain the following entries relating to EU trade mark applications and registrations:

(a) the date of filing the application;

(b) the file number of the application;

(c) the date of the publication of the application;

(d) the name and address of the applicant;

(e) the name and business address of the representative, other than a representative as referred to in the first sentence of Article 92(3);

(f) the representation of the mark, with indications as to its nature; and, where applicable, a description of the mark;

(g) an indication of the goods and services by their names;

(h) particulars of claims of priority pursuant to Article 30;

(i) particulars of claims of exhibition priority pursuant to Article 33;

(j) particulars of claims of seniority of a registered earlier trade mark as referred to in Article 34;

(k) a statement that the mark has become distinctive in consequence of the use which has been made of it, pursuant to Article 7(3);

(l) an indication that the mark is a collective mark;

(n) the language in which the application was filed and the second language which the applicant has indicated in his application, pursuant to Article 119(3);

(o) the date of registration of the mark in the Register and the registration number;

(p) a statement that the application is the result of a transformation of an international registration designating the Union, pursuant to Article 161 of this Regulation, together with the date of the international registration pursuant to Article 3(4) of the Madrid Protocol or the date on which the territorial extension to the Union made subsequent to the international registration pursuant to Article 3ter(2) of the Madrid Protocol was recorded and, where applicable, the date of priority of the international registration.

3.  The Register shall also contain the following entries, each accompanied by the date of recording of such entry:

(a) changes in the name, address or nationality of the proprietor of an EU trade mark or a change in the State in which he is domiciled or has his seat or establishment;

(b) changes in the name or business address of the representative, other than a representative as referred to in the first sentence of Article 92(3);

(c) where a new representative is appointed, the name and business address of that representative;

(d) amendments and alterations of the mark, pursuant to Articles 43 and 48, and corrections of errors;

(e) notice of amendments to the regulations governing the use of the collective mark pursuant to Article 71;

(f) particulars of claims of seniority of a registered earlier trade mark as referred to in Article 34, pursuant to Article 35;

(g) total or partial transfers pursuant to Article 17;

(h) creation or transfer of a right in rem pursuant to Article 19, and the nature of the right in rem;

(i) levy of execution pursuant to Article 20 and insolvency proceedings pursuant to Article 21;

(j) the grant or transfer of a licence pursuant to Article 22 and, where applicable, the type of licence;

(k) renewal of a registration pursuant to Article 47, the date from which it takes effect and any restrictions pursuant to Article 47(4);

(l) a record of a determination of the expiry of a registration pursuant to Article 47;

(m) declarations of withdrawal or surrender by the proprietor of the mark pursuant to Articles 43 and 50 respectively;

(n) the date of submission and the particulars of an opposition pursuant to Article 41, of an application pursuant to Article 56, or a counterclaim pursuant to Article 100(4) for revocation, or for a declaration of invalidity, or of an appeal pursuant to Article 60;

(o) the date and content of a decision on an opposition, on an application or counterclaim pursuant to Article 57(6) or the third sentence of Article 100(6), or on an appeal pursuant to Article 64;

(p) a record of the receipt of a request for conversion pursuant to Article 113(2);

(q) the cancellation of the representative recorded pursuant to point (e) of paragraph 2 of this Article;

(r) the cancellation of the seniority of a national mark;

(s) the modification to or cancellation from the Register of the items referred to in points (h), (i) and (j) of this paragraph;

(t) the replacement of the EU trade mark by an international registration pursuant to Article 157;

(u) the date and number of international registrations based on the EU trade mark application which has been registered as an EU trade mark pursuant to Article 148(1);

(v) the date and number of international registrations based on the EU trade mark pursuant to Article 148(2);

(w) the division of an application pursuant to Article 44 and the division of a registration pursuant to Article 49, together with the items referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article in respect of the divisional registration, as well as the list of goods and services of the original registration as amended;

(x) the revocation of a decision or an entry in the Register pursuant to Article 80, where the revocation concerns a decision or entry which has been published.

4.  The Executive Director may determine that items other than those referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article are to be entered in the Register, subject to Article 123(4).

5.  The Register may be maintained in electronic form. The Office shall collect, organise, make public and store the items referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3, including any personal data, for the purposes laid down in paragraph 9. The Office shall keep the register easily accessible for public inspection.

6.  The proprietor of an EU trade mark shall be notified of any change in the Register.

7.  The Office shall provide certified or uncertified extracts from the Register on request and on payment of a fee.

8.  The processing of the data concerning the entries set out in paragraphs 2 and 3, including any personal data, shall take place for the purposes of:

(a) administering the applications and/or registrations as described in this Regulation and acts adopted pursuant to it;

(b) maintaining a public register for inspection by, and the information of, public authorities and economic operators, in order to enable them to exercise the rights conferred on them by this Regulation and be informed about the existence of prior rights belonging to third parties; and

(c) producing reports and statistics enabling the Office to optimise its operations and improve the functioning of the system.

9.  All the data, including personal data, concerning the entries in paragraphs 2 and 3 shall be considered to be of public interest and may be accessed by any third party. For reasons of legal certainty, the entries in the Register shall be kept for an indefinite period of time.

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Article 87a

Database

1.  In addition to the obligation to keep a Register within the meaning of Article 87, the Office shall collect and store in an electronic database all the particulars provided by applicants or any other party to the proceedings under this Regulation or acts adopted pursuant to it.

2.  The electronic database may include personal data, beyond those included in the Register pursuant to Article 87, to the extent that such particulars are required by this Regulation or acts adopted pursuant to it. The collection, storage and processing of such data shall serve the purposes of:

(a) administering the applications and/or registrations as described in this Regulation and acts adopted pursuant to it;

(b) accessing the information necessary for conducting the relevant proceedings more easily and efficiently;

(c) communicating with the applicants and other parties to the proceedings;

(d) producing reports and statistics enabling the Office to optimise its operations and improve the functioning of the system.

3.  The Executive Director shall determine the conditions of access to the electronic database and the manner in which its contents, other than the personal data referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article but including those listed in Article 87, may be made available in machine-readable form, including the charge for such access.

4.  Access to the personal data referred to in paragraph 2 shall be restricted and such data shall not be made publicly available unless the party concerned has given his express consent.

5.  All data shall be kept indefinitely. However, the party concerned may request the removal of any personal data from the database after 18 months from the expiry of the trade mark or the closure of the relevant inter partes procedure. The party concerned shall have the right to obtain the correction of inaccurate or erroneous data at any time.

Article 87b

Online access to decisions

1.  The decisions of the Office shall be made available online for the information and consultation of the general public in the interest of transparency and predictability. Any party to the proceedings that led to the adoption of the decision may request the removal of any personal data included in the decision.

2.  The Office may provide online access to judgments of national and Union courts related to its tasks in order to raise public awareness of intellectual property matters and promote convergence of practices. The Office shall respect the conditions of the initial publication with regard to personal data.

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Article 88

Inspection of files

1.  The files relating to ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ applications which have not yet been published shall not be made available for inspection without the consent of the applicant.

2.  Any person who can prove that the applicant for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has stated that after the trade mark has been registered he will invoke the rights under it against him may obtain inspection of the files prior to the publication of that application and without the consent of the applicant.

3.  Subsequent to the publication of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, the files relating to such application and the resulting trade mark may be inspected on request.

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4.  Where the files are inspected pursuant to paragraph 2 or 3 of this Article, documents relating to exclusion or objection pursuant to Article 137, draft decisions and opinions, and all other internal documents used for the preparation of decisions and opinions, as well as parts of the file which the party concerned showed a special interest in keeping confidential before the request for inspection of the files was made, unless inspection of such parts of the file is justified by overriding, legitimate interests of the party seeking inspection, may be withheld from inspection.

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5.  Inspection of the files of EU trade mark applications and of registered EU trade marks shall be of the original document, or of copies thereof, or of technical means of storage if the files are stored in this way. The Executive Director shall determine the means of inspection.

6.  Where inspection of files takes place as provided for in paragraph 7, the request for inspection of the files shall not be deemed to have been made until the required fee has been paid. No fee shall be payable if inspection of technical means of storage takes place online.

7.  Inspection of the files shall take place at the premises of the Office. On request, inspection of the files shall be effected by means of issuing copies of file documents. The issuing of such copies shall be conditional on the payment of a fee. The Office shall also issue on request certified or uncertified copies of the application for an EU trade mark upon payment of a fee.

8.  The files kept by the Office relating to international registrations designating the Union may be inspected on request as from the date of publication referred to in Article 152(1), in accordance with the conditions laid down in paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 of this Article.

9.  Subject to the restrictions provided for in paragraph 4, the Office may, on request, communicate information from any file of an EU trade mark applied for or of a registered EU trade mark, subject to payment of a fee. However, the Office may require the exercise of the option to obtain inspection of the file itself should it deem this to be appropriate in view of the quantity of information to be supplied.

Article 88a

Keeping of files

1.  The Office shall keep the files of any procedure relating to an EU trade mark application or EU trade mark registration. The Executive Director shall determine the form in which those files shall be kept.

2.  Where the files are kept in electronic format, the electronic files, or back-up copies thereof, shall be kept indefinitely. The original documents filed by parties to the proceedings, and forming the basis of such electronic files, shall be disposed of after a period following their reception by the Office, which shall be determined by the Executive Director.

3.  Where and to the extent that files or parts of the files are kept in any form other than electronically, documents or items of evidence constituting part of such files shall be kept for at least five years from the end of the year in which the application is rejected or withdrawn or is deemed to be withdrawn, the registration of the EU trade mark expires completely pursuant to Article 47, the complete surrender of the EU trade mark is registered pursuant to Article 50, or the EU trade mark is completely removed from the Register pursuant to Article 57(6) or 100(6).

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Article 89

Periodical publications

4.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the date to be taken as the date of publication in the European Union Trade Marks Bulletin;

(b) the manner of publication of entries regarding the registration of a trade mark which do not contain changes as compared to the publication of the application;

(c) the forms in which editions of the Official Journal of the Office may be made available to the public.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 90

Administrative cooperation

►M1  1. ◄   Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation or in national laws, the Office and the courts or authorities of the Member States shall on request give assistance to each other by communicating information or opening files for inspection. Where the Office lays files open to inspection by courts, Public Prosecutors' Offices or central industrial property offices, the inspection shall not be subject to the restrictions laid down in Article 88.

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2.  The Office shall not charge fees for the communication of information or the opening of files for inspection.

3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the detailed arrangements as to how the Office and the authorities of the Member States are to exchange information between each other and open files for inspection, taking into account the restrictions to which the inspection of files relating to EU trade mark applications or registrations is subject, pursuant to Article 88, when it is opened to third parties. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 91

Exchange of publications

1.  The Office and the central industrial property offices of the Member States shall despatch to each other on request and for their own use one or more copies of their respective publications free of charge.

2.  The Office may conclude agreements relating to the exchange or supply of publications.



SECTION 4

Representation

Article 92

General principles of representation

1.  Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, no person shall be compelled to be represented before the Office.

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2.  Without prejudice to the second sentence of paragraph 3 of this Article, natural or legal persons having neither their domicile nor their principal place of business or a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in the European Economic Area shall be represented before the Office in accordance with Article 93(1) in all proceedings provided for by this Regulation, other than the filing of an application for an EU trade mark.

3.  Natural or legal persons having their domicile or principal place of business or a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in the European Economic Area may be represented before the Office by an employee. An employee of a legal person to which this paragraph applies may also represent other legal persons which have economic connections with the first legal person, even if those other legal persons have neither their domicile nor their principal place of business nor a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment within the European Economic Area. Employees who represent persons, within the meaning of this paragraph, shall, at the request of the Office or, where appropriate, of the party to the proceedings, file with it a signed authorisation for insertion in the files.

4.  Where there is more than one applicant or more than one third party acting in common, a common representative shall be appointed.

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Article 93

Professional representatives

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1.  Representation of natural or legal persons before the Office may only be undertaken by:

(a) a legal practitioner qualified in one of the Member States of the European Economic Area and having his place of business within the European Economic Area, to the extent that he is entitled, within the said Member State, to act as a representative in trade mark matters;

(b) professional representatives whose names appear on the list maintained for this purpose by the Office.

Representatives acting before the Office shall, at the request of the Office or, where appropriate, of the other party to the proceedings, file with it a signed authorisation for insertion on the files.

2.  Any natural person who fulfils the following conditions may be entered on the list of professional representatives:

(a) being a national of one of the Member States of the European Economic Area;

(b) having his place of business or employment in the European Economic Area;

(c) being entitled to represent natural or legal persons in trade mark matters before the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property or before the central industrial property office of a Member State of the European Economic Area. Where, in the State concerned, the entitlement is not conditional upon the requirement of special professional qualifications, persons applying to be entered on the list who act in trade mark matters before the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property or those central industrial property offices shall have habitually so acted for at least five years. However, persons whose professional qualification to represent natural or legal persons in trade mark matters before the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property or those central industrial property offices is officially recognised in accordance with the regulations laid down by the State concerned shall not be required to have exercised the profession.

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3.  Entry shall be effected upon request, accompanied by a certificate furnished by the central industrial property office of the Member State concerned, which must indicate that the conditions laid down in paragraph 2 are fulfilled.

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4.  The Executive Director may grant an exemption from:

(a) the requirement in the second sentence of paragraph 2(c), if the applicant furnishes proof that he has acquired the requisite qualification in another way;

(b) the requirement set out in paragraph 2(a) in the case of highly qualified professionals, provided that the requirements set out in paragraphs 2(b) and (c) are fulfilled.

5.  A person may be removed from the list of professional representatives at his request or when no longer in a capacity to represent. The amendments of the list of professional representatives shall be published in the Official Journal of the Office.

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Article 93a

Delegation of powers

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying:

(a) the conditions and the procedure for the appointment of a common representative as referred to in Article 92(4);

(b) the conditions under which employees referred to in Article 92(3) and professional representatives referred to in Article 93(1) shall file with the Office a signed authorisation in order to undertake representation, and the content of that authorisation;

(c) the circumstances in which a person may be removed from the list of professional representatives referred to in Article 93(5).

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TITLE X

JURISDICTION AND PROCEDURE IN LEGAL ACTIONS RELATING TO ►M1  EU TRADE MARKS ◄



SECTION 1

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Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

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Article 94

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Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

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1.  Unless otherwise specified in this Regulation, ►M1  the Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters ◄ shall apply to proceedings relating to ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ and applications for ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ , as well as to proceedings relating to simultaneous and successive actions on the basis of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ and national trade marks.

2.  In the case of proceedings in respect of the actions and claims referred to in Article 96:

(a) Articles 2 and 4, points 1, 3, 4 and 5 of Article 5 and Article 31 of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall not apply;

(b) Articles 23 and 24 of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall apply subject to the limitations in Article 97(4) of this Regulation;

(c) the provisions of Chapter II of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 which are applicable to persons domiciled in a Member State shall also be applicable to persons who do not have a domicile in any Member State but have an establishment therein.

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3.  References in this Regulation to Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall include, where appropriate, the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters done on 19 October 2005.

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SECTION 2

Disputes concerning the infringement and validity of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Article 95

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EU trade mark courts

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1.  The Member States shall designate in their territories as limited a number as possible of national courts and tribunals of first and second instance, hereinafter referred to as ‘ ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ ’, which shall perform the functions assigned to them by this Regulation.

2.  Each Member State shall communicate to the Commission within three years of the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 a list of ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ indicating their names and their territorial jurisdiction.

3.  Any change made after communication of the list referred to in paragraph 2 in the number, names or territorial jurisdiction of the courts shall be notified without delay by the Member State concerned to the Commission.

4.  The information referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 shall be notified by the Commission to the Member States and published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

5.  As long as a Member State has not communicated the list as stipulated in paragraph 2, jurisdiction for any proceedings resulting from an action or application covered by Article 96, and for which the courts of that State have jurisdiction under Article 97, shall lie with that court of the State in question which would have jurisdiction ratione loci and ratione materiae in the case of proceedings relating to a national trade mark registered in that State.

Article 96

Jurisdiction over infringement and validity

The ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ shall have exclusive jurisdiction:

(a) for all infringement actions and — if they are permitted under national law — actions in respect of threatened infringement relating to ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ ;

(b) for actions for declaration of non-infringement, if they are permitted under national law;

(c) for all actions brought as a result of acts referred to in ►M1  Article 9b(2) ◄ ;

(d) for counterclaims for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ pursuant to Article 100.

Article 97

International jurisdiction

1.  Subject to the provisions of this Regulation as well as to any provisions of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 applicable by virtue of Article 94, proceedings in respect of the actions and claims referred to in Article 96 shall be brought in the courts of the Member State in which the defendant is domiciled or, if he is not domiciled in any of the Member States, in which he has an establishment.

2.  If the defendant is neither domiciled nor has an establishment in any of the Member States, such proceedings shall be brought in the courts of the Member State in which the plaintiff is domiciled or, if he is not domiciled in any of the Member States, in which he has an establishment.

3.  If neither the defendant nor the plaintiff is so domiciled or has such an establishment, such proceedings shall be brought in the courts of the Member State where the Office has its seat.

4.  Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3:

(a) Article 23 of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall apply if the parties agree that a different ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ shall have jurisdiction;

(b) Article 24 of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall apply if the defendant enters an appearance before a different ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ .

5.  Proceedings in respect of the actions and claims referred to in Article 96, with the exception of actions for a declaration of non-infringement of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , may also be brought in the courts of the Member State in which the act of infringement has been committed or threatened, or in which an act within the meaning of Article 9(3), second sentence, has been committed.

Article 98

Extent of jurisdiction

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ whose jurisdiction is based on Article 97(1) to (4) shall have jurisdiction in respect of:

(a) acts of infringement committed or threatened within the territory of any of the Member States;

(b) acts within the meaning of Article 9(3), second sentence, committed within the territory of any of the Member States.

2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ whose jurisdiction is based on Article 97(5) shall have jurisdiction only in respect of acts committed or threatened within the territory of the Member State in which that court is situated.

Article 99

Presumption of validity — Defence as to the merits

1.  The ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ shall treat the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ as valid unless its validity is put in issue by the defendant with a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity.

2.  The validity of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may not be put in issue in an action for a declaration of non-infringement.

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3.  In the actions referred to in points (a) and (c) of Article 96, a plea relating to revocation of the EU trade mark submitted otherwise than by way of a counterclaim shall be admissible where the defendant claims that the EU trade mark could be revoked for lack of genuine use at the time the infringement action was brought.

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Article 100

Counterclaims

1.  A counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity may only be based on the grounds for revocation or invalidity mentioned in this Regulation.

2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ shall reject a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity if a decision taken by the Office relating to the same subject matter and cause of action and involving the same parties has already become final.

3.  If the counterclaim is brought in a legal action to which the proprietor of the trade mark is not already a party, he shall be informed thereof and may be joined as a party to the action in accordance with the conditions set out in national law.

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4.  The EU trade mark court with which a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of the EU trade mark has been filed shall not proceed with the examination of the counterclaim, until either the interested party or the court has informed the Office of the date on which the counterclaim was filed. The Office shall record that information in the Register. If an application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of the EU trade mark had already been filed before the Office before the counterclaim was filed, the court shall be informed thereof by the Office and stay the proceedings in accordance with Article 104(1) until the decision on the application is final or the application is withdrawn.

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5.  Article 57(2) to (5) shall apply.

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6.  Where an EU trade mark court has given a judgment which has become final on a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of an EU trade mark, a copy of the judgment shall be sent to the Office without delay, either by the court or by any of the parties to the national proceedings. The Office or any other interested party may request information about such transmission. The Office shall mention the judgment in the Register and shall take the necessary measures to comply with its operative part.

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7.  The ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ hearing a counterclaim for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity may stay the proceedings on application by the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and after hearing the other parties and may request the defendant to submit an application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity to the Office within a time limit which it shall determine. If the application is not made within the time limit, the proceedings shall continue; the counterclaim shall be deemed withdrawn. Article 104(3) shall apply.

Article 101

Applicable law

1.  The ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ shall apply the provisions of this Regulation.

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2.  On all trade mark matters not covered by this Regulation, the relevant EU trade mark court shall apply the applicable national law.

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3.  Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ shall apply the rules of procedure governing the same type of action relating to a national trade mark in the Member State in which the court is located.

Article 102

Sanctions

1.  Where an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ finds that the defendant has infringed or threatened to infringe an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , it shall, unless there are special reasons for not doing so, issue an order prohibiting the defendant from proceeding with the acts which infringed or would infringe the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ . It shall also take such measures in accordance with its national law as are aimed at ensuring that this prohibition is complied with.

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2.  The EU trade mark court may also apply measures or orders available under the applicable law which it deems appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

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Article 103

Provisional and protective measures

1.  Application may be made to the courts of a Member State, including ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ , for such provisional, including protective, measures in respect of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application as may be available under the law of that State in respect of a national trade mark, even if, under this Regulation, an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ of another Member State has jurisdiction as to the substance of the matter.

2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ whose jurisdiction is based on Article 97(1), (2), (3) or (4) shall have jurisdiction to grant provisional and protective measures which, subject to any necessary procedure for recognition and enforcement pursuant to Title III of Regulation (EC) No 44/2001, are applicable in the territory of any Member State. No other court shall have such jurisdiction.

Article 104

Specific rules on related actions

1.  An ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ hearing an action referred to in Article 96, other than an action for a declaration of non-infringement shall, unless there are special grounds for continuing the hearing, of its own motion after hearing the parties or at the request of one of the parties and after hearing the other parties, stay the proceedings where the validity of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is already in issue before another ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ on account of a counterclaim or where an application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity has already been filed at the Office.

2.  The Office, when hearing an application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity shall, unless there are special grounds for continuing the hearing, of its own motion after hearing the parties or at the request of one of the parties and after hearing the other parties, stay the proceedings where the validity of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is already in issue on account of a counterclaim before an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ . However, if one of the parties to the proceedings before the ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ so requests, the court may, after hearing the other parties to these proceedings, stay the proceedings. The Office shall in this instance continue the proceedings pending before it.

3.  Where the ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ stays the proceedings it may order provisional and protective measures for the duration of the stay.

Article 105

Jurisdiction of ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ of second instance — Further appeal

1.  An appeal to the ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ of second instance shall lie from judgments of the ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ of first instance in respect of proceedings arising from the actions and claims referred to in Article 96.

2.  The conditions under which an appeal may be lodged with a ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ of second instance shall be determined by the national law of the Member State in which that court is located.

3.  The national rules concerning further appeal shall be applicable in respect of judgments of ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄ of second instance.



SECTION 3

Other disputes concerning ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Article 106

Supplementary provisions on the jurisdiction of national courts other than ►M1  EU trade mark courts ◄

1.  Within the Member State whose courts have jurisdiction under Article 94(1) those courts shall have jurisdiction for actions other than those referred to in Article 96, which would have jurisdiction ratione loci and ratione materiae in the case of actions relating to a national trade mark registered in that State.

2.  Actions relating to an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , other than those referred to in Article 96, for which no court has jurisdiction under Article 94(1) and paragraph 1 of this Article may be heard before the courts of the Member State in which the Office has its seat.

Article 107

Obligation of the national court

A national court which is dealing with an action relating to an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , other than the action referred to in Article 96, shall treat the trade mark as valid.

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TITLE XI

EFFECTS ON THE LAWS OF THE MEMBER STATES



SECTION 1

Civil actions on the basis of more than one trade mark

Article 109

Simultaneous and successive civil actions on the basis of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ and national trade marks

1.  Where actions for infringement involving the same cause of action and between the same parties are brought in the courts of different Member States, one seized on the basis of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and the other seized on the basis of a national trade mark:

(a) the court other than the court first seized shall of its own motion decline jurisdiction in favour of that court where the trade marks concerned are identical and valid for identical goods or services. The court which would be required to decline jurisdiction may stay its proceedings if the jurisdiction of the other court is contested;

(b) the court other than the court first seized may stay its proceedings where the trade marks concerned are identical and valid for similar goods or services and where the trade marks concerned are similar and valid for identical or similar goods or services.

2.  The court hearing an action for infringement on the basis of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall reject the action if a final judgment on the merits has been given on the same cause of action and between the same parties on the basis of an identical national trade mark valid for identical goods or services.

3.  The court hearing an action for infringement on the basis of a national trade mark shall reject the action if a final judgment on the merits has been given on the same cause of action and between the same parties on the basis of an identical ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ valid for identical goods or services.

4.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall not apply in respect of provisional, including protective, measures.



SECTION 2

Application of national laws for the purpose of prohibiting the use of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Article 110

Prohibition of use of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

1.  This Regulation shall, unless otherwise provided for, not affect the right existing under the laws of the Member States to invoke claims for infringement of earlier rights within the meaning of Article 8 or Article 53(2) in relation to the use of a later ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ . Claims for infringement of earlier rights within the meaning of Article 8(2) and (4) may, however, no longer be invoked if the proprietor of the earlier right may no longer apply for a declaration that the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is invalid in accordance with Article 54(2).

2.  This Regulation shall, unless otherwise provided for, not affect the right to bring proceedings under the civil, administrative or criminal law of a Member Sate or under provisions of ►M1  Union ◄ law for the purpose of prohibiting the use of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ to the extent that the use of a national trade mark may be prohibited under the law of that Member State or under ►M1  Union ◄ law.

Article 111

Prior rights applicable to particular localities

1.  The proprietor of an earlier right which only applies to a particular locality may oppose the use of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ in the territory where his right is protected in so far as the law of the Member State concerned so permits.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall cease to apply if the proprietor of the earlier right has acquiesced in the use of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ in the territory where his right is protected for a period of five successive years, being aware of such use, unless the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ was applied for in bad faith.

3.  The proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall not be entitled to oppose use of the right referred to in paragraph 1 even though that right may no longer be invoked against the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall.



SECTION 3

Conversion into a national trade mark application

Article 112

Request for the application of national procedure

1.  The applicant for or proprietor of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ may request the conversion of his ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ into a national trade mark application:

(a) to the extent that the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application is refused, withdrawn, or deemed to be withdrawn;

(b) to the extent that the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ceases to have effect.

2.  Conversion shall not take place:

(a) where the rights of the proprietor of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ have been revoked on the grounds of non-use, unless in the Member State for which conversion is requested the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has been put to use which would be considered to be genuine use under the laws of that Member State;

(b) for the purpose of protection in a Member State in which, in accordance with the decision of the Office or of the national court, grounds for refusal of registration or grounds for revocation or invalidity apply to the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

3.  The national trade mark application resulting from the conversion of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall enjoy in respect of the Member State concerned the date of filing or the date of priority of that application or trade mark and, where appropriate, the seniority of a trade mark of that State claimed under Articles 34 or 35.

4.  In cases where an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application is deemed to be withdrawn, the Office shall send to the applicant a communication fixing a period of three months from the date of that communication in which a request for conversion may be filed.

5.  Where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application is withdrawn or the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ceases to have effect as a result of a surrender being recorded or of failure to renew the registration, the request for conversion shall be filed within three months after the date on which the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application has been withdrawn or on which the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ceases to have effect.

6.  Where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application is refused by decision of the Office or where the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ ceases to have effect as a result of a decision of the Office or of an ►M1  EU trade mark court ◄ , the request for conversion shall be filed within three months after the date on which that decision acquired the authority of a final decision.

7.  The effect referred to in Article 32 shall lapse if the request is not filed in due time.

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Article 113

Submission, publication and transmission of the request for conversion

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1.  A request for conversion shall be filed with the Office and shall specify the Member States in which application of the procedure for registration of a national trade mark is desired. The request shall not be deemed to be filed until the conversion fee has been paid.

2.  If the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application has been published, receipt of any such request shall be recorded in the Register of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ and the request for conversion shall be published.

3.  The Office shall check whether the conversion requested fulfils the conditions set out in this Regulation, in particular Article 112(1), (2), (4), (5) and (6), and paragraph 1 of this Article, together with the formal conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation. If these conditions are fulfilled, the Office shall transmit the request for conversion to the industrial property offices of the Member States specified therein.

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6.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the details to be contained in a request for conversion of an EU trade mark application or a registered EU trade mark into a national trade mark application pursuant to paragraph 1;

(b) the details which are to be contained in the publication of the request for conversion pursuant to paragraph 2.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 114

Formal requirements for conversion

1.  Any central industrial property office to which the request for conversion is transmitted may obtain from the Office any additional information concerning the request enabling that office to make a decision regarding the national trade mark resulting from the conversion.

2.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ transmitted in accordance with Article 113 shall not be subjected to formal requirements of national law which are different from or additional to those provided for in this Regulation or in the Implementing Regulation.

3.  Any central industrial property office to which the request is transmitted may require that the applicant shall, within not less than two months:

(a) pay the national application fee;

(b) file a translation in one of the official languages of the State in question of the request and of the documents accompanying it;

(c) indicate an address for service in the State in question;

(d) supply a representation of the trade mark in the number of copies specified by the State in question.



TITLE XII

THE OFFICE



SECTION 1

General provisions

Article 115

Legal status

1.   ►M1  The Office shall be an agency of the Union. ◄ It shall have legal personality.

2.  In each of the Member States the Office shall enjoy the most extensive legal capacity accorded to legal persons under their laws; it may, in particular, acquire or dispose of movable and immovable property and may be a party to legal proceedings.

3.  The Office shall be represented by its ►M1  Executive Director ◄ .

Article 116

Staff

1.  The Staff Regulations of officials of the ►M1  Union ◄ , hereinafter referred to as ‘the Staff Regulations’, the Conditions of Employment of other servants of the ►M1  Union ◄ , and the rules adopted by agreement between the Institutions of the ►M1  Union ◄ for giving effect to those Staff Regulations and Conditions of Employment shall apply to the staff of the Office, without prejudice to the application of Article 136 to the members of the Boards of Appeal.

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2.  Without prejudice to paragraph 1, the Office may make use of seconded national experts or other staff not employed by the Office. The Management Board shall adopt a decision laying down rules on the secondment to the Office of national experts.

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Article 117

Privileges and immunities

The Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the ►M1  Union ◄ shall apply ►M1  to the Office and its staff ◄ .

Article 118

Liability

1.  The contractual liability of the Office shall be governed by the law applicable to the contract in question.

2.  The Court of Justice shall be competent to give judgment pursuant to any arbitration clause contained in a contract concluded by the Office.

3.  In the case of non-contractual liability, the Office shall, in accordance with the general principles common to the laws of the Member States, make good any damage caused by its departments or by its servants in the performance of their duties.

4.  The Court of Justice shall have jurisdiction in disputes relating to compensation for the damage referred to in paragraph 3.

5.  The personal liability of its servants towards the Office shall be governed by the provisions laid down in their Staff Regulations or in the Conditions of Employment applicable to them.

Article 119

Languages

1.  The application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be filed in one of the official languages of the ►M1  Union ◄ .

2.  The languages of the Office shall be English, French, German, Italian and Spanish.

3.  The applicant must indicate a second language which shall be a language of the Office the use of which he accepts as a possible language of proceedings for opposition, revocation or invalidity proceedings.

If the application was filed in a language which is not one of the languages of the Office, the Office shall arrange to have the application, as described in Article 26(1), translated into the language indicated by the applicant.

4.  Where the applicant for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is the sole party to proceedings before the Office, the language of proceedings shall be the language used for filing the application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ . If the application was made in a language other than the languages of the Office, the Office may send written communications to the applicant in the second language indicated by the applicant in his application.

5.  The notice of opposition and an application for revocation or invalidity shall be filed in one of the languages of the Office.

6.  If the language chosen, in accordance with paragraph 5, for the notice of opposition or the application for revocation or invalidity is the language of the application for a trade mark or the second language indicated when the application was filed, that language shall be the language of the proceedings.

If the language chosen, in accordance with paragraph 5, for the notice of opposition or the application for revocation or invalidity is neither the language of the application for a trade mark nor the second language indicated when the application was filed, the opposing party or the party seeking revocation or invalidity shall be required to produce, at his own expense, a translation of his application either into the language of the application for a trade mark, provided that it is a language of the Office, or into the second language indicated when the application was filed. The translation shall be produced within the period prescribed in the Implementing Regulation. The language into which the application has been translated shall then become the language of the proceedings.

7.  Parties to opposition, revocation, invalidity or appeal proceedings may agree that a different official language of the ►M1  Union ◄ is to be the language of the proceedings.

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10.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the extent to which supporting documents to be used in written proceedings before the Office may be filed in any language of the Union, and the need to supply a translation;

(b) the requisite standards of translations to be filed with the Office.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to Article 163(2).

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Article 120

Publication and entries in the Register

1.  An application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , as described in Article 26(1), and all other information the publication of which is prescribed by this Regulation or the Implementing Regulation, shall be published in all the official languages of the ►M1  Union ◄ .

2.  All entries in the Register of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ shall be made in all the official languages of the ►M1  Union ◄ .

3.  In cases of doubt, the text in the language of the Office in which the application for the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ was filed shall be authentic. If the application was filed in an official language of the ►M1  Union ◄ other than one of the languages of the Office, the text in the second language indicated by the applicant shall be authentic.

Article 121

The translation services required for the functioning of the Office shall be provided by the Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union.

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Article 123

Transparency

1.  Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 7 ) shall apply to documents held by the Office.

2.  The Management Board shall adopt detailed rules for applying Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001.

3.  Decisions taken by the Office under Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 may be challenged through the European Ombudsman or form the subject of an action before the Court of Justice of the European Union, under the conditions laid down in Articles 228 and 263 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union respectively.

4.  The processing of personal data by the Office shall be subject to Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 8 ).

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Article 123a

Security rules on the protection of classified and sensitive non-classified information

The Office shall apply the security principles contained in the Commission's security rules for protecting European Union Classified Information (EUCI) and sensitive non-classified information, as set out in Commission Decisions (EU, Euratom) 2015/443 ( 9 ) and 2015/444 ( 10 ). The security principles shall cover, inter alia, provisions for the exchange, processing and storage of such information.



SECTION 1a

Tasks of the Office and cooperation to promote convergence

Article 123b

Tasks of the Office

1.  The Office shall have the following tasks:

(a) administration and promotion of the EU trade mark system established in this Regulation;

(b) administration and promotion of the European Union design system established in Council Regulation (EC) No 6/2002 ( 11 );

(c) promoting convergence of practices and tools in the fields of trade marks and designs, in cooperation with the central industrial property offices in the Member States, including the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property;

(d) the tasks referred to in Regulation (EU) No 386/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 12 );

(e) the tasks conferred on it under Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 13 ).

2.  The Office shall cooperate with institutions, authorities, bodies, industrial property offices, international and non-governmental organisations in relation to the tasks conferred on it in paragraph 1.

3.  The Office may provide voluntary mediation services for the purpose of assisting parties in reaching a friendly settlement.

Article 123c

Cooperation to promote convergence of practices and tools

1.  The Office and the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property shall cooperate with each other to promote convergence of practices and tools in the field of trade marks and designs.

Without prejudice to paragraph 3, this cooperation shall in particular cover the following areas of activity:

(a) the development of common examination standards;

(b) the creation of common or connected databases and portals for Union-wide consultation, search and classification purposes;

(c) the continuous provision and exchange of data and information, including for the purposes of feeding of the databases and portals referred to in point (b);

(d) the establishment of common standards and practices, with a view to ensuring interoperability between procedures and systems throughout the Union and enhancing their consistency, efficiency and effectiveness;

(e) the sharing of information on industrial property rights and procedures, including mutual support to helpdesks and information centres;

(f) the exchange of technical expertise and assistance in relation to the areas referred to in points (a) to (e).

2.  On the basis of a proposal by the Executive Director, the Management Board shall define and coordinate projects of interest to the Union and the Member States with regard to the areas referred to in paragraphs 1 and 6, and shall invite the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property to participate in those projects.

The project definition shall contain the specific obligations and responsibilities of each participating industrial property office of the Member States, the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property and the Office. The Office shall consult with user representatives in particular in the phases of definition of the projects and evaluation of their results.

3.  The central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property may opt out of, restrict or temporarily suspend their cooperation in the projects referred to in the first subparagraph of paragraph 2.

When making use of the possibilities provided for in the first subparagraph, the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property shall provide the Office with a written statement explaining the reasons for their decision.

4.  Once having committed to participate in certain projects, the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property shall, without prejudice to paragraph 3, participate effectively in the projects referred to in paragraph 2 with a view to ensuring that they are developed, function, are interoperable and kept up to date.

5.  The Office shall provide financial support to the projects referred to in paragraph 2 to the extent that is necessary in order to ensure, for the purposes of paragraph 4, the effective participation of the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property in those projects. That financial support may take the form of grants and in-kind contributions. The total amount of funding shall not exceed 15 % of the yearly revenue of the Office. The beneficiaries of grants shall be the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property. Grants may be awarded without calls for proposals in accordance with the financial rules applicable to the Office and with the principles of grant procedures contained in Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 14 ) and in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1268/2012 ( 15 ).

6.  The Office and the relevant competent authorities of the Member States shall cooperate with each other on a voluntary basis to promote the raising of awareness concerning the trade mark system and the fight against counterfeiting. Such cooperation shall include projects aiming, in particular, at the implementation of established standards and practices as well as at organising education and training activities. The financial support for those projects shall be part of the total amount of funding referred to in paragraph 5. Paragraphs 2 to 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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SECTION 2

Management Board

Article 124

Functions of the Management Board

1.  Without prejudice to the functions attributed to the Budget Committee in Section 5, the Management Board shall have the following functions:

(a) on the basis of a draft submitted by the Executive Director in accordance with Article 128(4)(c), adopting the annual work programme of the Office for the coming year, taking into account the opinion of the Commission, and forwarding the adopted annual work programme to the European Parliament, to the Council and to the Commission;

(b) on the basis of a draft submitted by the Executive Director in accordance with Article 128(4)(e) and taking into account the opinion of the Commission, adopting a multiannual strategic programme for the Office, including the Office's strategy for international cooperation, following an exchange of views between the Executive Director and the relevant committee in the European Parliament, and forwarding the adopted multiannual strategic programme to the European Parliament, to the Council and to the Commission;

(c) on the basis of a draft submitted by the Executive Director in accordance with Article 128(4)(g), adopting the annual report and forwarding the adopted annual report to the European Parliament, to the Council, to the Commission and to the Court of Auditors;

(d) on the basis of a draft submitted by the Executive Director in accordance with Article 128(4)(h), adopting the multiannual staff policy plan;

(e) exercising the powers conferred on it under Article 123c(2);

(f) exercising the powers conferred on it under Article 139(5);

(g) adopting rules on the prevention and management of conflicts of interest in the Office;

(i) adopting appropriate implementing rules to give effect to the Staff Regulations and the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants in accordance with Article 110 of the Staff Regulations;

(j) drawing up the list of candidates provided for in Article 129(2);

(k) ensuring adequate follow-up to the findings and recommendations stemming from the internal or external audit reports and evaluations referred to in Article 165a, as well as from investigations of the European Anti-fraud Office (OLAF);

(l) being consulted before adoption of the guidelines for examination in the Office and in the other cases provided for in this Regulation;

(m) providing opinions and requests for information to the Executive Director and to the Commission where it considers it necessary.

2.  The Management Board shall adopt, in accordance with Article 110 of the Staff Regulations and Article 142 of the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants, a decision based on Article 2(1) of the Staff Regulations and on Article 6 of the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants, delegating the relevant appointing authority powers to the Executive Director and defining the conditions under which that delegation of appointing authority powers can be suspended.

The Executive Director shall be authorised to sub-delegate those powers.

Where exceptional circumstances so require, the Management Board may, by way of a decision, temporarily suspend the delegation of the appointing authority powers to the Executive Director and those sub-delegated by the latter, and exercise them itself or delegate them to one of its members or to a staff member other than the Executive Director.

Article 125

Composition of the Management Board

1.  The Management Board shall be composed of one representative of each Member State, two representatives of the Commission and one representative of the European Parliament, and their respective alternates.

2.  The members of the Management Board may, subject to its rules of procedure, be assisted by advisers or experts.

Article 126

Chairperson of the Management Board

1.  The Management Board shall elect a chairperson and a deputy chairperson from among its members. The deputy chairperson shall ex officio replace the chairperson in the event of his being prevented from attending to his duties.

2.  The duration of the terms of office of the chairperson and the deputy chairperson shall be four years. The terms of office shall be renewable once. If, however, their membership of the Management Board ends at any time during their term of office, their term of office shall automatically expire on that date also.

Article 127

Meetings

1.  Meetings of the Management Board shall be convened by its chairperson.

2.  The Executive Director shall take part in the deliberations, unless the Management Board decides otherwise.

3.  The Management Board shall hold an ordinary meeting at least once a year. In addition, it shall meet on the initiative of its chairperson or at the request of the Commission or of one-third of the Member States.

4.  The Management Board shall adopt rules of procedure.

5.  The Management Board shall take its decisions by an absolute majority of its members. However, a majority of two-thirds of its members shall be required for the decisions which the Management Board is empowered to take under Article 124(1)(a) and (b), Article 126(1) and Article 129(2) and (4). In both cases each member shall have one vote.

6.  The Management Board may invite observers to attend its meetings.

7.  The secretariat for the Management Board shall be provided by the Office.



SECTION 3

Executive Director

Article 128

Functions of the Executive Director

1.  The Office shall be managed by the Executive Director. The Executive Director shall be accountable to the Management Board.

2.  Without prejudice to the powers of the Commission, the Management Board, and the Budget Committee, the Executive Director shall be independent in the performance of his duties and shall neither seek nor take instructions from a government or from any other body.

3.  The Executive Director shall be the legal representative of the Office.

4.  The Executive Director shall have in particular the following functions, which may be delegated:

(a) taking all necessary steps, including the adoption of internal administrative instructions and the publication of notices, to ensure the functioning of the Office;

(b) implementing the decisions adopted by the Management Board;

(c) preparing a draft annual work programme indicating estimated human and financial resources for each activity, and submitting it to the Management Board after consultation of the Commission;

(d) submitting to the Management Board proposals pursuant to Article 123c(2);

(e) preparing a draft multiannual strategic programme, including the Office's strategy for international cooperation, and submitting it to the Management Board after consultation of the Commission and following an exchange of views with the relevant committee in the European Parliament;

(f) implementing the annual work programme and the multiannual strategic programme and reporting to the Management Board on their implementation;

(g) preparing the annual report on the Office's activities and presenting it to the Management Board for approval;

(h) preparing a draft multiannual staff policy plan and submitting it to the Management Board after consultation of the Commission;

(i) preparing an action plan following-up on the conclusions of the internal or external audit reports and evaluations, as well as following up on the investigations of the OLAF, and reporting on progress twice a year to the Commission and to the Management Board;

(j) protecting the financial interests of the Union by the application of preventive measures against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities, by effective checks and, if irregularities are detected, by recovering amounts wrongly paid and, where appropriate, by imposing effective, proportionate and dissuasive administrative and financial penalties;

(k) preparing an anti-fraud strategy for the Office and presenting it to the Budget Committee for approval;

(l) in order to ensure uniform application of the Regulation, referring, where appropriate, to the enlarged Board of Appeal (‘the Grand Board’) questions on a point of law, in particular if the Boards of Appeal have issued diverging decisions on the point;

(m) drawing up estimates of the revenue and expenditure of the Office and implementing the budget.

5.  The Executive Director shall be assisted by one or more Deputy Executive Directors. If the Executive Director is absent or indisposed, the Deputy Executive Director or one of the Deputy Executive Directors shall replace him in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Management Board.

Article 129

Appointment and removal of the Executive Director and extension of term of office

1.  The Executive Director shall be engaged as a temporary agent of the Office under Article 2(a) of the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants.

2.  The Executive Director shall be appointed by the Council by simple majority, from a list of candidates proposed by the Management Board, following an open and transparent selection procedure. Before being appointed, the candidate selected by the Management Board may be invited to make a statement before any competent European Parliament committee and to answer questions put by its members. For the purpose of concluding the contract with the Executive Director, the Office shall be represented by the chairperson of the Management Board.

The Executive Director may be removed from office only upon a decision of the Council acting on a proposal from the Management Board.

3.  The term of office of the Executive Director shall be five years. By the end of that period, the Management Board shall undertake an assessment which takes into account an evaluation of the performance of the Executive Director and the Office's future tasks and challenges.

4.  The Council, taking into account the assessment referred to in paragraph 3, may extend the term of office of the Executive Director once and for no more than five years.

5.  An Executive Director whose term of office has been extended may not participate in another selection procedure for the same post at the end of his overall term of office.

6.  The Deputy Executive Director or Deputy Executive Directors shall be appointed or removed from office as provided for in paragraph 2, after consultation of the Executive Director and, where applicable, the Executive Director-elect. The term of office of the Deputy Executive Director shall be five years. It may be extended once and for no more than five years by the Council, after consultation of the Executive Director.

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SECTION 4

Implementation of procedures

Article 130

Competence

For taking decisions in connection with the procedures laid down in this Regulation, the following shall be competent:

(a) examiners;

(b) Opposition Divisions;

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(c) a department in charge of the Register;

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(d) Cancellation Divisions;

(e) Boards of Appeal;

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(f) any other unit or person appointed by the Executive Director to that effect.

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Article 131

Examiners

An examiner shall be responsible for taking decisions on behalf of the Office in relation to an application for registration of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , including the matters referred to in ►M1  Articles 36, 37, 68 and 74c ◄ , except in so far as an Opposition Division is responsible.

Article 132

Opposition Divisions

1.  An Opposition Division shall be responsible for taking decisions on an opposition to an application to register an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

2.  The decisions of the Opposition Divisions shall be taken by three-member groups. At least one member shall be legally qualified. In certain specific cases provided for in the Implementing Regulation, the decisions shall be taken by a single member.

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The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the exact types of decisions that are to be taken by a single member. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 133

Department in charge of the Register

1.  The Department in charge of the Register shall be responsible for taking decisions in respect of entries in the Register.

2.  It shall also be responsible for keeping the list of professional representatives referred to in Article 93(2).

3.  The decisions of the Department shall be taken by a single member.

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Article 134

Cancellation Divisions

1.  A Cancellation Division shall be responsible for taking decisions in relation to an application for the revocation or declaration of invalidity of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

2.  The decisions of the Cancellation Divisions shall be taken by three-member groups. At least one member shall be legally qualified. In certain specific cases provided for in the Implementing Regulation, the decisions shall be taken by a single member.

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Article 134a

General Competence

Decisions required under this Regulation which do not fall within the competence of an examiner, an Opposition Division, a Cancellation Division or the Department in charge of the Register, shall be taken by any official or unit appointed by the Executive Director for that purpose.

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Article 135

Boards of Appeal

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1.  The Boards of Appeal shall be responsible for deciding on appeals from decisions taken pursuant to Articles 131 to 134a.

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2.  The decisions of the Boards of Appeal shall be taken by three members, at least two of whom are legally qualified. In certain specific cases, decisions shall be taken ►M1  by the Grand Board ◄ chaired by the ►M1  Executive Director ◄ of the Boards of Appeal or by a single member, who must be legally qualified.

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3.  In order to determine the special cases which fall under the jurisdiction of the Grand Board, account should be taken of the legal difficulty or the importance of the case or of special circumstances which justify it. Such cases may be referred to the Grand Board:

(a) by the authority of the Boards of Appeal referred to in Article 136(4)(a); or

(b) by the Board handling the case.

4.  The Grand Board shall also be responsible for giving reasoned opinions on questions of law referred to it by the Executive Director pursuant to Article 128(4)(l).

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5.  To determine which specific cases fall under the authority of a single member, account should be taken of the lack of difficulty of the legal or factual matters raised, the limited importance of the individual case or the absence of other specific circumstances. The decision to confer a case on one member in the cases referred to shall be adopted by the Board handling the case. ►M1  ————— ◄

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Article 136

Independence of the members of the Boards of Appeal

1.  The President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairpersons of the Boards shall be appointed, in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 129 for the appointment of the Executive Director, for a term of five years. They shall not be removed from office during this term, unless there are serious grounds for such removal and the Court of Justice, on application by the institution which appointed them, takes a decision to this effect.

2.  The term of office of the President of the Boards of Appeal may be extended once for one additional five-year period, or until retirement age if this age is reached during the new term of office, after a prior positive evaluation of his performance by the Management Board.

3.  The term of office of the chairpersons of the Boards may be extended for additional five-year periods, or until retirement age if this age is reached during the new term of office, after a prior positive evaluation of their performance by the Management Board, and after consulting the President of the Boards of Appeal.

4.  The President of the Boards of Appeal shall have the following managerial and organisational functions:

(a) chairing the Presidium of the Boards of Appeal (‘the Presidium’), responsible for laying down the rules and organising the work of the Boards;

(b) ensuring the implementation of the decisions of the Presidium;

(c) allocating cases to a Board on the basis of objective criteria determined by the Presidium;

(d) forwarding to the Executive Director the Boards' expenditure requirements, with a view to drawing up the expenditure estimates.

The President of the Boards of Appeal shall chair the Grand Board.

5.  The members of the Boards of Appeal shall be appointed by the Management Board for a term of five years. Their term of office may be extended for additional five-year periods, or until retirement age if that age is reached during the new term of office after a prior positive evaluation of their performance by the Management Board, and after consulting the President of the Boards of Appeal.

6.  The members of the Boards of Appeal shall not be removed from office unless there are serious grounds for such removal and the Court of Justice, after the case has been referred to it by the Management Board on the recommendation of the President of the Boards of Appeal, and after consulting the chairperson of the Board to which the member concerned belongs, takes a decision to this effect.

7.  The President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairpersons and members of the Boards of Appeal shall be independent. In their decisions, they shall not be bound by any instructions.

8.  Decisions taken by the Grand Board on appeals or opinions on questions of law referred to it by the Executive Director pursuant to Article 135 shall be binding on the decision-making instances of the Office referred to in Article 130.

9.  The President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairpersons and members of the Boards of Appeal shall not be examiners or members of the Opposition Divisions, the Department in charge of the Register or Cancellation Divisions.

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Article 136a

Presidium of the Boards of Appeal and Grand Board

1.  The Presidium shall comprise the President of the Boards of Appeal, who shall chair it, the chairmen of the Boards and Board members elected for each calendar year by and from among all the members of the Boards other than the President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairmen of the Boards. The number of Board members so elected shall constitute a quarter of the number of Board members, other than the President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairmen of the Boards, and that number shall be rounded up if necessary.

2.  The Grand Board referred to in Article 135(2) shall comprise nine members, including the President of the Boards of Appeal, the chairmen of the Boards, the rapporteur designated prior to referral to the Grand Board, if applicable, and members drawn in rotation from a list comprising the names of all members of the Boards of Appeal other than the President of the Boards of Appeal and the chairmen of the Boards.

Article 136b

Delegation of powers

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details concerning the organisation of the Boards of Appeal, including the setting up and the role of the Presidium, the composition of the Grand Board and the rules on referrals to it, and the conditions under which decisions are to be taken by a single member in accordance with Article 135(2) and (5).

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Article 137

Exclusion and objection

1.  Examiners and members of the Divisions set up within the Office or of the Boards of Appeal may not take part in any proceedings if they have any personal interest therein, or if they have previously been involved as representatives of one of the parties. Two of the three members of an Opposition Division shall not have taken part in examining the application. Members of the Cancellation Divisions may not take part in any proceedings if they have participated in the final decision on the case in the proceedings for registration or opposition proceedings. Members of the Boards of Appeal may not take part in appeal proceedings if they participated in the decision under appeal.

2.  If, for one of the reasons mentioned in paragraph 1 or for any other reason, a member of a Division or of a Board of Appeal considers that he should not take part in any proceedings, he shall inform the Division or Board accordingly.

3.  Examiners and members of the Divisions or of a Board of Appeal may be objected to by any party for one of the reasons mentioned in paragraph 1, or if suspected of partiality. An objection shall not be admissible if, while being aware of a reason for objection, the party has taken a procedural step. No objection may be based upon the nationality of examiners or members.

4.  The Divisions and the Boards of Appeal shall decide as to the action to be taken in the cases specified in paragraphs 2 and 3 without the participation of the member concerned. For the purposes of taking this decision the member who withdraws or has been objected to shall be replaced in the Division or Board of Appeal by his alternate.

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Article 137a

Mediation centre

1.  For the purposes of Article 123b(3), the Office may establish a Mediation Centre (‘the Centre’).

2.  Any natural or legal person may use the Centre's services on a voluntary basis with the aim of reaching a friendly settlement of disputes, based on this Regulation or Regulation (EC) No 6/2002, by mutual agreement.

3.  The parties shall have recourse to mediation by means of a joint request. The request shall not be deemed to have been filed until the corresponding charge has been paid. The Executive Director shall fix the amount to be charged in accordance with Article 144(1).

4.  In the case of disputes subject to the proceedings pending before the Opposition Divisions, Cancellation Divisions or before the Boards of Appeal of the Office a joint request for mediation may be presented at any time after the lodging of a notice of opposition, an application for revocation or an application for a declaration of invalidity or a notice of appeal against decisions of the Opposition or Cancellation Divisions.

5.  The proceedings in question shall be suspended and the time periods, other than the time periods for the payment of the applicable fee, shall be interrupted as from the date of the filing of a joint request for mediation. The time periods shall continue as from the day on which the proceedings are resumed.

6.  The parties shall be invited to jointly appoint, from the list referred to in paragraph 12, a mediator who has declared that he has a command of the language of the mediation in question. Where the parties do not appoint a mediator within 20 days of the invitation to do so, the mediation shall be deemed to have failed.

7.  The parties shall agree together with the mediator on the detailed arrangements for the mediation in a mediation agreement.

8.  The mediator shall conclude the mediation proceedings as soon as the parties reach a settlement agreement, or one of the parties declares that it wishes to end the mediation or the mediator establishes that the parties have failed to reach such an agreement.

9.  The mediator shall inform the parties as well as the relevant instance of the Office as soon as the mediation proceedings have been concluded.

10.  The discussions and negotiations conducted within the framework of mediation shall be confidential for all persons involved in the mediation, in particular for the mediator, the parties and their representatives. All documents and information submitted during the mediation shall be kept separately from, and shall not be part of, the file of any other proceedings before the Office.

11.  The mediation shall be conducted in one of the official languages of the Union to be agreed upon by the parties. Where the mediation relates to disputes pending before the Office, the mediation shall be conducted in the language of the Office proceedings, unless otherwise agreed by the parties.

12.  The Office shall establish a list of mediators who shall support parties in resolving disputes. The mediators shall be independent and possess relevant skills and experience. The list may include mediators who are employed by the Office, and mediators who are not so employed.

13.  Mediators shall be impartial in the exercise of their duties and shall declare any real or perceived conflict of interest upon their designation. Members of the decision-making instances of the Office listed in Article 130 shall not take part in mediation concerning a case in which they have:

(a) had any prior involvement in the proceedings referred to mediation;

(b) any personal interest in those proceedings; or

(c) been previously involved as a representative of one of the parties.

14.  Mediators shall not take part as members of the decision-making instances of the Office listed in Article 130 in proceedings resumed as a consequence of a mediation failure.

15.  The Office may cooperate with other recognised national or international bodies dealing with mediation.

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SECTION 5

Budget and financial control

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Article 138

Budget Committee

1.  The Budget Committee shall have the functions assigned to it in this Section.

2.  Articles 125 and 126, Article 127(1) to (4), and (5), in so far as it relates to the election of the chairperson and deputy chairperson, (6) and (7) shall apply to the Budget Committee, mutatis mutandis.

3.  The Budget Committee shall take its decisions by an absolute majority of its members. However, a majority of two-thirds of its members shall be required for the decisions which the Budget Committee is empowered to take under Article 140(3) and Article 143. In both cases each member shall have one vote.

Article 139

Budget

1.  Estimates of all the Office's revenue and expenditure shall be prepared for each financial year and shall be shown in the Office's budget. Each financial year shall correspond to the calendar year.

2.  The revenue and expenditure shown in the budget shall be in balance.

3.  Revenue shall comprise, without prejudice to other types of income, total fees payable under Annex -I to this Regulation, total fees as provided for in Regulation (EC) No 6/2002, total fees payable, under the Madrid Protocol referred to in Article 145 of this Regulation, for an international registration designating the Union and other payments made to Contracting Parties to the Madrid Protocol, total fees payable, under the Geneva Act referred to in Article 106c of Regulation (EC) No 6/2002, for an international registration designating the Union and other payments made to Contracting Parties to the Geneva Act, and, to the extent necessary, a subsidy entered against a specific heading of the Commission section of the general budget of the Union.

4.  Every year the Office shall offset the costs incurred by the central industrial property offices of the Member States, by the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property and by any other relevant authority to be nominated by a Member State, as the result of the specific tasks which they carry out as functional parts of the EU trade mark system in the context of the following services and procedures:

(a) opposition and invalidity proceedings before the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property involving EU trade marks;

(b) provision of information on the functioning of the EU trade mark system through helpdesks and information centres;

(c) enforcement of EU trade marks, including action taken pursuant to Article 9(4).

5.  The overall offsetting of the costs identified in paragraph 4 shall correspond to 5 % of the yearly revenue of the Office. Without prejudice to the third subparagraph of this paragraph, on a proposal by the Office and after having consulted the Budget Committee, the Management Board shall determine the distribution key on the basis of the following fair, equitable and relevant indicators:

(a) the annual number of EU trade mark applications originating from applicants in each Member State;

(b) the annual number of national trade mark applications in each Member State;

(c) the annual number of oppositions and applications for a declaration of invalidity submitted by proprietors of EU trade marks in each Member State;

(d) the annual number of cases brought before the EU trade mark courts designated by each Member State in accordance with Article 95.

For the purpose of substantiating the costs referred to in paragraph 4, Member States shall submit to the Office by 31 March of each year, statistical data demonstrating the figures referred to in points (a) to (d) of the first subparagraph of this paragraph for the preceding year, which shall be included in the proposal to be made to the Management Board.

On grounds of equity, the costs incurred by the bodies referred to in paragraph 4 in each Member State shall be deemed to correspond to at least 2 % of the total offsetting provided for under this paragraph.

6.  The obligation by the Office to offset the costs referred to in paragraph 4 and incurred in a given year shall only apply to the extent that no budgetary deficit occurs in that year.

7.  In the event of a budgetary surplus, and without prejudice to paragraph 10, on a proposal by the Office and after having consulted the Budget Committee, the Management Board may increase the percentage laid down in paragraph 5 to a maximum of 10 % of the yearly revenue of the Office.

8.  Without prejudice to paragraphs 4 to 7 and paragraph 10 of this Article and to Articles 123b and 123c, where a substantive surplus is generated over five consecutive years, the Budget Committee, upon a proposal from the Office and in accordance with the annual work programme and multiannual strategic programme referred to in Article 124(1)(a) and (b), shall decide by a two-thirds majority on the transfer to the budget of the Union of a surplus generated from 23 March 2016.

9.  The Office shall prepare on a biannual basis a report for the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on its financial situation, including on the financial operations performed under Article 123c(5) and (6), and Article 139(5) and (7). On the basis of that report, the Commission shall review the financial situation of the Office.

10.  The Office shall provide for a reserve fund covering one year of its operational expenditure to ensure the continuity of its operations and the execution of its tasks.

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Article 140

Preparation of the budget

1.  The ►M1  Executive Director ◄ shall draw up each year an estimate of the Office's revenue and expenditure for the following year and shall send it to the Budget Committee not later than 31 March in each year, together with a list of posts.

2.  Should the budget estimates provide for a ►M1  Union ◄ subsidy, the Budget Committee shall immediately forward the estimate to the Commission, which shall forward it to the budget authority of the ►M1  Union ◄ . The Commission may attach an opinion on the estimate along with an alternative estimate.

3.  The Budget Committee shall adopt the budget, which shall include the Office's list of posts. Should the budget estimates contain a subsidy from the general budget of the ►M1  Union ◄ , the Office's budget shall, if necessary, be adjusted.

Article 141

Audit and control

1.  An internal audit function shall be set up within the Office, to be performed in compliance with the relevant international standards. The internal auditor, appointed by the ►M1  Executive Director ◄ , shall be responsible to him for verifying the proper operation of budget implementation systems and procedures of the Office.

2.  The internal auditor shall advise the ►M1  Executive Director ◄ on dealing with risks, by issuing independent opinions on the quality of management and control systems and by issuing recommendations for improving the conditions of implementation of operations and promoting sound financial management.

3.  The responsibility for putting in place internal control systems and procedures suitable for carrying out his tasks shall lie with the authorising officer.

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Article 141a

Combating fraud

1.  In order to facilitate combating fraud, corruption and other unlawful activities under Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 883/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 16 ), the Office shall accede to the Inter-institutional Agreement of 25 May 1999 concerning internal investigations by the European Anti-fraud Office (OLAF), and adopt the appropriate provisions applicable to all the employees of the Office using the template set out in the Annex to that Agreement.

2.  The European Court of Auditors shall have the power of audit, on the basis of documents and on the spot, over all grant beneficiaries, contractors and subcontractors who have received Union funds from the Office.

3.  OLAF may carry out investigations, including on-the-spot checks and inspections, in accordance with the provisions and procedures laid down in Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 883/2013 and Council Regulation (Euratom, EC) No 2185/96 ( 17 ) with a view to establishing whether there has been fraud, corruption or any other illegal activity affecting the financial interests of the Union in connection with a grant or a contract funded by the Office.

4.  Without prejudice to paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, cooperation agreements with third countries and international organisations, contracts, grant agreements and grant decisions of the Office shall contain provisions expressly empowering the European Court of Auditors and OLAF to conduct such audits and investigations, in accordance with their respective competences.

5.  The Budget Committee shall adopt an anti-fraud strategy which is proportionate to the fraud risks having regard to the cost-benefit of the measures to be implemented.

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Article 142

Auditing of accounts

1.  Not later than 31 March in each year the ►M1  Executive Director ◄ shall transmit to the Commission, the European Parliament, the Budget Committee and the Court of Auditors accounts of the Office's total revenue and expenditure for the preceding financial year. The Court of Auditors shall examine them in accordance with Article 248 of the Treaty.

2.  The Budget Committee shall give a discharge to the ►M1  Executive Director of the Office ◄ in respect of the implementation of the budget.

Article 143

Financial provisions

The Budget Committee shall, after consulting the Court of Auditors of the ►M1  Union ◄ and the Commission, adopt internal financial provisions specifying, in particular, the procedure for establishing and implementing the Office's budget. As far as is compatible with the particular nature of the Office, the financial provisions shall be based on the financial regulations adopted for other bodies set up by the ►M1  Union ◄ .

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Article 144

Fees and charges and due date

1.  The Executive Director shall lay down the amount to be charged for any services rendered by the Office other than those set out in Annex -I, as well as the amount to be charged for the European Union Trade Marks Bulletin, the Official Journal of the Office and any other publications issued by the Office. The amounts of charges shall be set in euros and shall be published in the Official Journal of the Office. The amount of each charge shall not exceed what is necessary to cover the costs of the specific service rendered by the Office.

2.  Fees and charges in respect of which the due date is not specified in this Regulation shall be due on the date of receipt of the request for the service for which the fee or the charge is incurred.

With the consent of the Budget Committee, the Executive Director may determine which of the services mentioned in the first subparagraph are not to be dependent upon the advance payment of the corresponding fees or charges.

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Article 144a

Payment of fees and charges

1.  Fees and charges due to the Office shall be paid by payment or transfer to a bank account held by the Office.

With the consent of the Budget Committee, the Executive Director may establish which specific methods of payment other than those set out in the first subparagraph, in particular by means of deposits in current accounts held with the Office, may be used.

Determinations made pursuant to the second subparagraph shall be published in the Official Journal of the Office.

All payments, including by any other method of payment established pursuant to the second subparagraph, shall be made in euros.

2.  Every payment shall indicate the name of the person making the payment and shall contain the necessary information to enable the Office to establish immediately the purpose of the payment. In particular, the following information shall be provided:

(a) when the application fee is paid, the purpose of the payment, namely ‘application fee’;

(b) when the opposition fee is paid, the file number of the application and the name of the applicant for the EU trade mark against which opposition is entered, and the purpose of the payment, namely ‘opposition fee’;

(c) when the revocation fee and the invalidity fee are paid, the registration number and the name of the proprietor of the EU trade mark against which the application is directed, and the purpose of the payment, namely ‘revocation fee’ or ‘invalidity fee’.

3.  If the purpose of the payment referred to in paragraph 2 cannot immediately be established, the Office shall require the person making the payment to notify it in writing of this purpose within such period as it may specify. If the person does not comply with this request in due time, the payment shall be considered not to have been made. The amount which has been paid shall be refunded.

Article 144b

Deemed date of payment

1.  In the cases referred to in the first subparagraph of Article 144a(1), the date on which the payment shall be considered to have been made to the Office shall be the date on which the amount of the payment or of the transfer is actually entered in a bank account held by the Office.

2.  Where the methods of payment referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 144a(1) may be used, the Executive Director shall establish the date on which such payments are to be considered to have been made.

3.  Where, under paragraphs 1 and 2, payment of a fee is not considered to have been made until after the expiry of the period in which it was due, it shall be considered that this period has been observed if evidence is provided to the Office that the persons who made the payment in a Member State, within the period within which the payment should have been made, duly gave an order to a banking establishment to transfer the amount of the payment, and paid a surcharge of 10 % of the relevant fee or fees, but not exceeding EUR 200. No surcharge shall be payable if the relevant order to the banking establishment has been given not later than 10 days before the expiry of the period for payment.

4.  The Office may request the person who made the payment to produce evidence as to the date on which the order to the banking establishment as referred to in paragraph 3 was given and, where required, to pay the relevant surcharge within a period to be specified by it. If the person fails to comply with that request or if the evidence is insufficient, or if the required surcharge is not paid in due time, the period for payment shall be considered not to have been observed.

Article 144c

Insufficient payments and refund of insignificant amounts

1.  A time limit for payment shall, in principle, be considered to have been observed only if the full amount of the fee has been paid in due time. If the fee is not paid in full, the amount which has been paid shall be refunded after the period for payment has expired.

2.  The Office may, however, in so far as is possible within the time remaining before the end of the period, give the person making the payment the opportunity to pay the amount lacking or, where this is considered justified, overlook any small amounts lacking, without prejudice to the rights of the person making the payment.

3.  With the consent of the Budget Committee, the Executive Director may waive action for the enforced recovery of any sum due where the sum to be recovered is minimal or where such recovery is too uncertain.

4.  Where an excessive sum is paid to cover a fee or a charge, the excess shall not be refunded if the amount is insignificant and the party concerned has not expressly requested a refund.

With the consent of the Budget Committee the Executive Director may determine the amount below which an excessive sum paid to cover a fee or a charge shall not be refunded.

Determinations pursuant to the second subparagraph shall be published in the Official Journal of the Office.

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TITLE XIII

INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF MARKS



SECTION I

General provisions

Article 145

Application of provisions

Unless otherwise specified in this title, this Regulation and its Implementing Regulations shall apply to applications for international registrations under the Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement concerning the international registration of marks, adopted at Madrid on 27 June 1989 (hereafter referred to as ‘international applications’ and ‘the Madrid Protocol’ respectively), based on an application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and to registrations of marks in the international register maintained by the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (hereafter referred to as ‘international registrations’ and ‘the International Bureau’, respectively) designating the ►M1  Union ◄ .



SECTION 2

International registration on the basis of applications for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ and of ►M1  EU trade marks ◄

Article 146

Filing of an international application

1.  International applications pursuant to Article 3 of the Madrid Protocol based on an application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ or on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be filed at the Office.

2.  Where an international application is filed before the mark on which the international registration is to be based has been registered as an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , the applicant for the international registration must indicate whether the international registration is to be based on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application or registration. Where the international registration is to be based on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ once it is registered, the international application shall be deemed to have been received at the Office on the date of registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

Article 147

Form and contents of the international application

1.  The international application shall be filed in one of the official languages of the ►M1  Union ◄ , using a form provided by the Office. Unless otherwise specified by the applicant on that form when he files the international application, the Office shall correspond with the applicant in the language of filing in a standard form.

2.  If the international application is filed in a language which is not one of the languages allowed under the Madrid Protocol, the applicant must indicate a second language from among those languages. This shall be the language in which the Office submits the international application to the International Bureau.

3.  Where the international application is filed in a language other than one of the languages allowed under the Madrid Protocol for the filing of international applications, the applicant may provide a translation of the list of goods or services in the language in which the international application is to be submitted to the International Bureau pursuant to paragraph 2.

4.  The Office shall forward the international application to the International Bureau as soon as possible.

5.  The filing of an international application shall be subject to the payment of a fee to the Office. In the cases referred to in the second sentence of Article 146(2), the fee shall be due on the date of registration of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ . The application shall be deemed not to have been filed until the required fee has been paid.

6.  The international application must fulfil the relevant conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulation.

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9.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the exact form, including the elements thereof, to be used for the filing of an international application pursuant to paragraph 1. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

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Article 148

Recordal in the files and in the Register

1.  The date and number of an international registration based on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, shall be recorded in the files of that application. When the application results in an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ , the date and number of the international registration shall be entered in the Register.

2.  The date and number of an international registration based on an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ shall be entered in the Register.

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Article 148a

Notification of the invalidity of the basic application or registration

2.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the individual facts and decisions subject to the notification obligation in accordance with Article 6(3) of the Madrid Protocol as well as the relevant point in time of such notifications. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2) of this Regulation.

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Article 149

Request for territorial extension subsequent to international registration

2.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the detailed requirements regarding the request for territorial extension pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 150

International fees

Any fees payable to the International Bureau under the Madrid Protocol shall be paid direct to the International Bureau.



SECTION 3

International registrations designating the ►M1  Union ◄

Article 151

Effects of international registrations designating the ►M1  Union ◄

1.  An international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ shall, from the date of its registration pursuant to Article 3(4) of the Madrid Protocol or from the date of the subsequent designation of the ►M1  Union ◄ pursuant to Article 3ter(2) of the Madrid Protocol, have the same effect as an application for an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

2.  If no refusal has been notified in accordance with Article 5(1) and (2) of the Madrid Protocol or if any such refusal has been withdrawn, the international registration of a mark designating the ►M1  Union ◄ shall, from the date referred to in paragraph 1, have the same effect as the registration of a mark as an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

3.  For the purposes of applying Article 9(3), publication of the particulars of the international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ pursuant to Article 152(1) shall take the place of publication of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application, and publication pursuant to Article 152(2) shall take the place of publication of the registration of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ .

Article 152

Publication

1.  The Office shall publish the date of registration of a mark designating the ►M1  Union ◄ pursuant to Article 3(4) of the Madrid Protocol or the date of the subsequent designation of the ►M1  Union ◄ pursuant to Article 3ter(2) of the Madrid Protocol, the language of filing of the international application and the second language indicated by the applicant, the number of the international registration and the date of publication of such registration in the Gazette published by the International Bureau, a reproduction of the mark and the numbers of the classes of the goods or services in respect of which protection is claimed.

2.  If no refusal of protection of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ has been notified in accordance with Article 5(1) and (2) of the Madrid Protocol or if any such refusal has been withdrawn, the Office shall publish this fact, together with the number of the international registration and, where applicable, the date of publication of such registration in the Gazette published by the International Bureau.

Article 153

Seniority

1.  The applicant for an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ may claim, in the international application, the seniority of an earlier trade mark registered in a Member State, including a trade mark registered in the Benelux countries, or registered under international arrangements having effect in a Member State, as provided for in Article 34.

2.  The holder of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ may, as from the date of publication of the effects of such registration pursuant to Article 152(2), claim at the Office the seniority of an earlier trade mark registered in a Member State, including a trade mark registered in the Benelux countries, or registered under international arrangements having effect in a Member State, as provided for in Article 35. The Office shall notify the International Bureau accordingly.

▼M1

Article 153a

Seniority claimed before the Office

6.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in a seniority claim under paragraph 1 of this Article and the details of the information to be notified pursuant to paragraph 5 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼M1

Article 154

Designation of goods and services and examination as to absolute grounds for refusal

1.  International registrations designating the Union shall be subject to examination as to their conformity with Article 28(2) to (4) and to absolute grounds for refusal in the same way as applications for EU trade marks.

2.  Where an international registration designating the Union is found to be ineligible for protection pursuant to Article 28(4) or Article 37(1) of this Regulation for all or any part of the goods and services for which it has been registered by the International Bureau, the Office shall issue an ex officio provisional notification of refusal to the International Bureau, in accordance with Article 5(1) and (2) of the Madrid Protocol.

3.  Where the holder of an international registration is obliged to be represented before the Office pursuant to Article 92(2), the notification referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall contain an invitation to appoint a representative within the meaning of Article 93(1).

4.  The notification of provisional refusal shall state the reasons on which it is based, and shall specify a time period by which the holder of the international registration may submit his observations and, if appropriate, shall appoint a representative. The time period shall start on the day on which the Office issues the provisional refusal.

5.  Where the Office finds that the international application designating the Union does not contain the indication of a second language pursuant to Article 161b of this Regulation, the Office shall issue an ex officio provisional notification of refusal to the International Bureau pursuant to Article 5(1) and (2) of the Madrid Protocol.

6.  Where the holder of an international registration fails to overcome the ground for refusing protection within the time limit or, if appropriate, to appoint a representative or to indicate a second language, the Office shall refuse the protection in whole or for part of the goods and services for which the international registration is registered. The refusal of protection shall take the place of a refusal of an EU trade mark application. The decision shall be subject to appeal in accordance with Articles 58 to 65.

7.  Where, as of the start of the opposition period referred to in Article 156(2), the Office has not issued an ex officio provisional notification of refusal pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article, it shall send a statement to the International Bureau, indicating that the examination of absolute grounds of refusal pursuant to Article 37 has been completed but that the international registration is still subject to oppositions or observations of third parties. This interim statement shall be without prejudice to the right of the Office to re-open the examination of absolute grounds on its own initiative any time before the final statement of grant of protection has been issued.

8.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the notification of ex officio provisional refusal of protection to be sent to the International Bureau and in the final communications to be sent to the International Bureau on the final grant or refusal of protection. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼M1

Article 154a

Collective and certification marks

3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the details of the procedure concerning international registrations based on a basic application or basic registration relating to a collective mark, certification mark or guarantee mark.

▼B

Article 155

Search

1.  Once the Office has received a notification of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ , it shall draw up a ►M1  Union ◄ search report as provided for in Article 38(1) ►M1  provided that a request for a search report, pursuant to Article 38(1), is made to the Office within one month of the date of notification. ◄

2.  As soon as the Office has received a notification of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ , the Office shall transmit a copy thereof to the central industrial property office of each Member State which has informed the Office of its decision to operate a search in its own register of trade marks as provided for in Article 38(2) ►M1  provided that a request for a search report, pursuant to Article 38(2), is made to the Office within one month of the date of notification and the search fee is paid within the same period. ◄

3.  Article 38(3) to (6) shall apply mutatis mutandis.

4.  The Office shall inform the proprietors of any earlier ►M1  EU trade marks ◄ or ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ applications cited in the ►M1  Union ◄ search report of the publication of the international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ as provided for in Article 152(1). ►M1  This shall apply whether or not the holder of the international registration has requested to receive the EU search report, unless the proprietor of an earlier registration or application requests not to receive the notification. ◄

Article 156

Opposition

1.  International registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ shall be subject to opposition in the same way as published ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ applications.

▼M1

2.  Notice of opposition shall be filed within a period of three months which shall begin one month following the date of the publication pursuant to Article 152(1). The opposition shall not be considered as duly entered until the opposition fee has been paid.

▼B

3.  Refusal of protection shall take the place of refusal of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application.

▼M1

4.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 163a specifying the procedure for the filing and examination of an opposition, including the necessary communications to be made to the International Bureau.

▼B

Article 157

Replacement of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ by an international registration

The Office shall, upon request, enter a notice in the Register that an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ is deemed to have been replaced by an international registration in accordance with Article 4bis of the Madrid Protocol.

Article 158

Invalidation of the effects of an international registration

1.  The effects of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ may be declared invalid.

2.  The application for invalidation of the effects of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ shall take the place of an application for a declaration of revocation as provided for in Article 51 or for a declaration of invalidity as provided for in Article 52 or Article 53.

▼M1

4.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in the notification to be made to the International Bureau pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 159

Conversion of a designation of the ►M1  Union ◄ through an international registration into a national trade mark application or into a designation of Member States

1.  Where a designation of the ►M1  Union ◄ through an international registration has been refused or ceases to have effect, the holder of the international registration may request the conversion of the designation of the ►M1  Union ◄ :

(a) into a national trade mark application pursuant to Articles 112, 113 and 114;

▼M1

(b) into a designation of a Member State party to the Madrid Protocol, provided that on the date when conversion was requested it was possible to have designated that Member State directly under the Madrid Protocol. Articles 112, 113 and 114 of this Regulation shall apply.

2.  The national trade mark application or the designation of a Member State party to the Madrid Protocol resulting from the conversion of the designation of the Union through an international registration shall enjoy, in respect of the Member State concerned, the date of the international registration pursuant to Article 3(4) of the Madrid Protocol or the date of the extension to the Union pursuant to Article 3ter(2) of the Madrid Protocol, if the latter was made subsequent to the international registration, or the date of priority of that registration and, where appropriate, the seniority of a trade mark of that State claimed under Article 153 of this Regulation.

▼B

3.  The request for conversion shall be published.

▼M1

10.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying:

(a) the details to be contained in the requests for conversion referred to in paragraphs 4 and 7;

(b) the details to be contained in the publication of the requests for conversion pursuant to paragraph 3.

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B

Article 160

Use of a mark subject of an international registration

For the purposes of applying Article 15(1), Article 42(2), Article 51(1)(a) and Article 57(2), the date of publication pursuant to Article 152(2) shall take the place of the date of registration for the purpose of establishing the date as from which the mark which is the subject of an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ must be put to genuine use in the ►M1  Union ◄ .

Article 161

Transformation

1.  Subject to paragraph 2, the provisions applicable to ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ applications shall apply mutatis mutandis to applications for transformation of an international registration into an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ application pursuant to Article 9quinquies of the Madrid Protocol.

2.  When the application for transformation relates to an international registration designating the ►M1  Union ◄ the particulars of which have been published pursuant to Article 152(2), Articles 37 to 42 shall not apply.

▼M1

6.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the details to be contained in an application for transformation pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 163(2).

▼B



TITLE XIV

FINAL PROVISIONS

▼M1 —————

▼M1

Article 163

Committee Procedure

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee on Implementation Rules. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 18 ).

2.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

▼M1

Article 163a

Exercise of the delegation

1.  The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

2.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 42a, Article 43(3), Articles 57a and 65a, Article 77(4), 78(6), 79(5), 79b(2), 79c(5), 80(3), and 82a(3), Articles 93a and 136b, and Articles 154a(3) and 156(4) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from 23 March 2016. It is of particular importance that the Commission follow its usual practice and carry out consultations with experts, including Member States' experts, before adopting those delegated acts.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in paragraph 2 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

4.  As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

5.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 42a, Article 43(3), Articles 57a and 65a, Articles 77(4), 78(6), 79(5), 79b(2), 79c(5), 80(3), and 82a(3), Articles 93a and 136b, and Articles 154a(3) and 156(4) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by 2 months at the initiative of the European Parliament or the Council.

▼M1 —————

▼B

Article 165

Provisions relating to the enlargement of the ►M1  Union ◄

▼A1

1.  As of the date of accession of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia (hereinafter referred to as ‘new Member State(s)’), an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ registered or applied for pursuant to this Regulation before their respective date of accession shall be extended to the territory of those Member States in order to have equal effect throughout the ►M1  Union ◄ .

▼B

2.  The registration of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ which is under application at the date of accession may not be refused on the basis of any of the absolute grounds for refusal listed in Article 7(1), if these grounds became applicable merely because of the accession of a new Member State.

3.  Where an application for the registration of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ has been filed during the six months prior to the date of accession, notice of opposition may be given pursuant to Article 41 where an earlier trade mark or another earlier right within the meaning of Article 8 was acquired in a new Member State prior to accession, provided that it was acquired in good faith and that the filing date or, where applicable, the priority date or the date of acquisition in the new Member State of the earlier trade mark or other earlier right precedes the filing date or, where applicable, the priority date of the ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ applied for.

4.  An ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ as referred to in paragraph 1 may not be declared invalid:

(a) pursuant to Article 52 if the grounds for invalidity became applicable merely because of the accession of a new Member State;

(b) pursuant to Article 53(1) and (2) if the earlier national right was registered, applied for or acquired in a new Member State prior to the date of accession.

5.  The use of an ►M1  EU trade mark ◄ as referred to in paragraph 1 may be prohibited pursuant to Articles 110 and 111, if the earlier trade mark or other earlier right was registered, applied for or acquired in good faith in the new Member State prior to the date of accession of that State; or, where applicable, has a priority date prior to the date of accession of that State.

▼M1

Article 165a

Evaluation and review

1.  By 24 March 2021, and every five years thereafter, the Commission shall evaluate the implementation of this Regulation.

2.  The evaluation shall review the legal framework for cooperation between the Office and the central industrial property offices of the Member States and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property, paying particular attention to the financing mechanism laid down in Article 123c. The evaluation shall further assess the impact, effectiveness and efficiency of the Office and its working practices. The evaluation shall, in particular, address the possible need to modify the mandate of the Office, and the financial implications of any such modification.

3.  The Commission shall forward the evaluation report together with its conclusions drawn on the basis of that report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Management Board. The findings of the evaluation shall be made public.

4.  On the occasion of every second evaluation, there shall be an assessment of the results achieved by the Office having regard to its objectives, mandate and tasks.

▼B

Article 166

Repeal

Regulation (EC) No 40/94, as amended by the instruments set out in Annex I, is repealed.

References to the repealed Regulation shall be construed as references to this Regulation and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in Annex II.

Article 167

Entry into force

1.  This Regulation shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

2.  The Member States shall within three years following entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 take the necessary measures for the purpose of implementing Articles 95 and 114.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

▼M1




ANNEX -I

AMOUNT OF FEES

A. The fees to be paid to the Office under this Regulation shall be as follows (in EUR):

1. Basic fee for the application for an individual EU trade mark (Article 26(2)):

EUR 1 000

2. Basic fee for the application for an individual EU trade mark by electronic means (Article 26(2)):

EUR 850

3. Fee for the second class of goods and services for an individual EU trade mark (Article 26(2)):

EUR 50

4. Fee for each class of goods and services exceeding two for an individual EU trade mark (Article 26(2)):

EUR 150

5. Basic fee for the application for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark (Article 26(2) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 1 800

6. Basic fee for the application for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark by electronic means (Article 26(2) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 1 500

7. Fee for the second class of goods and services for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark: (Article 26(2) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 50

8. Fee for each class of goods and services exceeding two for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark (Article 26(2) and 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 150

9. Search fee for an EU trade mark application (Article 38(2)) or for an international registration designating the Union (Article 38(2) and Article 155(2)): EUR 12 multiplied by the number of central industrial property offices referred to in Article 38(2); that amount, and the subsequent changes, shall be published by the Office in the Official Journal of the Office.

10. Opposition fee (Article 41(3)):

EUR 320

11. Basic fee for the renewal of an individual EU trade mark (Article 47(3)):

EUR 1 000

12. Basic fee for the renewal of an individual EU trade mark by electronic means (Article 47(3)):

EUR 850

13. Fee for the renewal of the second class of goods and services for an individual EU trade mark (Article 47(3)):

EUR 50

14. Fee for the renewal of each class of goods and services exceeding two for an individual EU trade mark (Article 47(3)):

EUR 150

15. Basic fee for the renewal of an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark (Article 47(3) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3):

EUR 1 800

16. Basic fee for the renewal of an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark by electronic means (Article 47(3) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 1 500

17. Fee for the renewal of the second class of goods and services for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark (Article 47(3) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 50

18. Fee for the renewal of each class of goods and services exceeding two for an EU collective mark or an EU certification mark (Article 47(3) and Article 66(3) or Article 74a(3)):

EUR 150

19. Additional fee for the late payment of the renewal fee or the late submission of the request for renewal (Article 47(3)): 25 % of the belated renewal fee, subject to a maximum of EUR 1 500

20. Fee for the application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity (Article 56(2)):

EUR 630

21. Appeal fee (Article 60(1)):

EUR 720

22. Fee for the application of restitutio in integrum (Article 81(3)):

EUR 200

23. Fee for the application for the conversion of an EU trade mark application or an EU trade mark (Article 113(1), also in conjunction with Article 159(1)):

(a) into a national trade mark application;

(b) into a designation of Member States under the Madrid Protocol:

EUR 200

24. Fee for continuation of proceedings (Article 82(1)):

EUR 400

25. Fee for the declaration of division of a registered EU trade mark (Article 49(4) or an application for an EU trade mark (Article 44(4)):

EUR 250

26. Fee for the application for the registration of a licence or another right in respect of a registered EU trade mark (before 1 October 2017, Rule 33(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2868/95; and from that date, Article 22a(2)) or an application for an EU trade mark (before 1 October 2017, Rule 33(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2868/95; and from that date, Article 22a(2)):

(a) grant of a licence;

(b) transfer of a licence;

(c) creation of a right in rem;

(d) transfer of a right in rem;

(e) levy of execution:

EUR 200 per registration, but where multiple requests are submitted in the same application or at the same time, not to exceed a total of EUR 1 000

27. Fee for the cancellation of the registration of a licence or other right (before 1 October 2017, Rule 35(3) of Regulation (EC) No 2868/95; and from that date, Article 24a(3)): EUR 200 per cancellation, but where multiple requests are submitted in the same application or at the same time, not to exceed a total of EUR 1 000

28. Fee for the alteration of a registered EU trade mark (Article 48(4)):

EUR 200

29. Fee for the issue of a copy of the application for an EU trade mark (Article 88(7)), a copy of the certificate of registration (Article (45(2)), or an extract from the register (Article 87(7)):

(a) uncertified copy or extract:

EUR 10

(b) certified copy or extract:

EUR 30

30. Fee for the inspection of the files (Article 88(6)):

EUR 30

31. Fee for the issue of copies of file documents (Article 88(7)):

(a) uncertified copy:

EUR 10

(b) certified copy:

EUR 30

plus per page, exceeding 10

EUR 1

32. Fee for the communication of information in a file (Article 88(9)):

EUR 10

33. Fee for the review of the determination of the procedural costs to be refunded (before 1 October 2017, Rule 94(4) of Regulation (EC) No 2868/95; and from that date, Article 85(7)):

EUR 100

34. Fee for the filing of an international application at the Office (before 1 October 2017, Article 147(5); and from that date, Article 147(4)):

EUR 300

B. Fees to be paid to the International Bureau

I.   Individual fee for an international registration designating the Union

1. The applicant for an international registration designating the Union shall be required to pay to the International Bureau an individual fee for the designation of the Union in accordance with Article 8(7) of the Madrid Protocol.

2. The holder of an international registration who files a request for territorial extension designating the Union made subsequent to the international registration shall be required to pay to the International Bureau an individual fee for the designation of the Union in accordance with Article 8(7) of the Madrid Protocol.

3. The amount of the fee under B.I.1 or B.I.2 shall be the equivalent in Swiss Francs, as established by the Director-General of the WIPO pursuant to Rule 35(2) of the Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement and Protocol, of the following amounts:

(a) for an individual trade mark: EUR 820 plus, where applicable, EUR 50 for the second class of goods and services and EUR 150 for each class of goods and services contained in the international registration exceeding two;

(b) for a collective mark or a certification mark: EUR 1 400 plus, where applicable, EUR 50 for the second class of goods and services and EUR 150 for each class of goods or services exceeding two.

II.   Individual fee for a renewal of an international registration designating the Union

1. The holder of an international registration designating the Union shall be required to pay to the International Bureau, as a part of the fees for a renewal of the international registration, an individual fee for the designation of the Union in accordance with Article 8(7) of the Madrid Protocol.

2. The amount of the fee referred to in B.II.1 shall be the equivalent in Swiss Francs, as established by the Director-General of the WIPO pursuant to Rule 35(2) of the Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement and Protocol, of the following amounts:

(a) for an individual trade mark: EUR 820 plus, where applicable, EUR 50 for the second class of goods and services and EUR 150 for each class of goods and services contained in the international registration exceeding two;

(b) for a collective mark or a certification mark: EUR 1 400 plus, where applicable, EUR 50 for the second class of goods and services and EUR 150 for each class of goods and services contained in the international registration exceeding two.

▼B




ANNEX I

Repealed Regulation with list of its successive amendments

(referred to in Article 166)



Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94

(OJ L 11, 14.1.1994, p. 1)

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 3288/94

(OJ L 349, 31.12.1994, p. 83)

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 807/2003

(OJ L 122, 16.5.2003, p. 36)

Only point 48 of Annex III

Council Regulation (EC) No 1653/2003

(OJ L 245, 29.9.2003, p. 36)

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 1992/2003

(OJ L 296, 14.11.2003, p. 1)

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 422/2004

(OJ L 70, 9.3.2004, p. 1)

 

Council Regulation (EC) No 1891/2006

(OJ L 386, 29.12.2006, p. 14)

Only Article 1

Annex II, Part 4 (C)(I) of the 2003 Act of Accession

(OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 342)

 

Annex III, Point 1.I of the 2005 Act of Accession

(OJ L 157, 21.6.2005, p. 231)

 




ANNEX II

Correlation Table



Regulation (EC) No 40/94

This Regulation

Articles 1 to 14

Articles 1 to 14

Article 15(1)

Article 15(1), first subparagraph

Article 15(2), introductory words

Article 15(1), second subparagraph, introductory words

Article 15(2), point a

Article 15(1), second subparagraph, point a

Article 15(2), point b

Article 15(1), second subparagraph, point b

Article 15(3)

Article 15(2)

Articles 16 to 36

Articles 16 to 36

Article 37

Article 38

Article 37

Article 39

Article 38

Article 40

Article 39

Article 41

Article 40

Article 42

Article 41

Article 43

Article 42

Article 44

Article 43

Article 44a

Article 44

Articles 45 to 48

Articles 45 to 48

Article 48a

Article 49

Article 49

Article 50

Article 50

Article 51

Article 51

Article 52

Article 52

Article 53

Article 53

Article 54

Article 54

Article 55

Article 55

Article 56

Article 56

Article 57

Article 57

Article 58

Article 58

Article 59

Article 59

Article 60

Article 60

Article 61

Article 60a

Article 62

Article 61

Article 63

Article 62

Article 64

Article 63

Article 65

Article 64

Article 66

Article 65

Article 67

Article 66

Article 68

Article 67

Article 69

Article 68

Article 70

Article 69

Article 71

Article 70

Article 72

Article 71

Article 73

Article 72

Article 74

Article 73

Article 75

Article 74

Article 76

Article 75

Article 77

Article 76

Article 78

Article 77

Article 79

Article 77a

Article 80

Article 78

Article 81

Article 78a

Article 82

Article 79

Article 83

Article 80

Article 84

Article 81

Article 85

Article 82

Article 86

Article 83

Article 87

Article 84

Article 88

Article 85

Article 89

Article 86

Article 90

Article 87

Article 91

Article 88

Article 92

Article 89

Article 93

Article 90

Article 94

Article 91

Article 95

Article 92

Article 96

Article 93

Article 97

Article 94(1), introductory wording

Article 98(1), introductory wording

Article 94(1), first indent

Article 98(1)(a)

Article 94(1), second indent

Article 98(1)(b)

Article 94(2)

Article 98(2)

Article 95

Article 99

Article 96

Article 100

Article 97

Article 101

Article 98

Article 102

Article 99

Article 103

Article 100

Article 104

Article 101

Article 105

Article 102

Article 106

Article 103

Article 107

Article 104

Article 108

Article 105

Article 109

Article 106

Article 110

Article 107

Article 111

Article 108

Article 112

Article 109

Article 113

Article 110

Article 114

Article 111

Article 115

Article 112

Article 116

Article 113

Article 117

Article 114

Article 118

Article 115

Article 119

Article 116

Article 120

Article 117

Article 121

Article 118

Article 122

Article 118a

Article 123

Article 119

Article 124

Article 120

Article 125

Article 121(1) and (2)

Article 126(1) and (2)

Article 121(3)

Article 121(4)

Article 126(3)

Article 121(5)

Article 126(4)

Article 121(6)

Article 126(5)

Article 122

Article 127

Article 123

Article 128

Article 124

Article 129

Article 125

Article 130

Article 126

Article 131

Article 127

Article 132

Article 128

Article 133

Article 129

Article 134

Article 130

Article 135

Article 131

Article 136

Article 132

Article 137

Article 133

Article 138

Article 134

Article 139

Article 135

Article 140

Article 136

Article 141

Article 137

Article 142

Article 138

Article 143

Article 139

Article 144

Article 140

Article 145

Article 141

Article 146

Article 142

Article 147

Article 143

Article 148

Article 144

Article 149

Article 145

Article 150

Article 146

Article 151

Article 147

Article 152

Article 148

Article 153

Article 149

Article 154

Article 150

Article 155

Article 151

Article 156

Article 152

Article 157

Article 153

Article 158

Article 154

Article 159

Article 155

Article 160

Article 156

Article 161

Article 157(1)

Article 162(1)

Article 157(2), introductory wording

Article 162(2), introductory wording

Article 157(2)(2)

Article 162(2)(a)

Article 157(2)(3)

Article 162(2)(b)

Article 157(2)(5)

Article 162(2)(c)

Article 157(2)(6)

Article 162(2)(d)

Article 157(2)(7)

Article 162(2)(e)

Article 157(2)(8)

Article 162(2)(f)

Article 157(2)(9)

Article 162(2)(g)

Article 157(2)(10)

Article 162(2)(h)

Article 157(2)(11)

Article 162(2)(i)

Article 157(2)(12)

Article 162(2)(j)

Article 157(2)(13)

Article 162(2)(k)

Article 157(2)(14)

Article 162(2)(l)

Article 157(3)

Article 162(3)

Article 158

Article 163

Article 159

Article 164

Article 159a(1), (2) and (3)

Article 165(1), (2) and (3)

Article 159a(4), initial wording

Article 165(4), initial wording

Article 159a(4), first indent

Article 165(4)(a)

Article 159a(4), second indent

Article 165(4)(b)

Article 159a(5)

Article 165(5)

Article 166

Article 160(1)

Article 167(1)

Article 160(2)

Article 167(2)

Article 160(3) and (4)

Annex I

Annex II



( 1 ) Directive 2006/114/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 concerning misleading and comparative advertising (OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 21).

( 2 ) Regulation (EU) No 608/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 June 2013 concerning customs enforcement of intellectual property rights and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1383/2003 (OJ L 181, 29.6.2013, p. 15).

( 3 ) Directive (EU) 2015/2436 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2015 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (OJ L 336, 23.12.2015, p. 1).

( 4 ) OJ L 110, 20.4.2001, p. 28.

( 5 ) OJ L 125, 5.5.2001, p. 15.

( 6 ) OJ L 56, 4.3.1968, p. 1.

( 7 ) Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2001 regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents (OJ L 145, 31.5.2001, p. 43).

( 8 ) Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1).

( 9 ) Commission Decision (EU, Euratom) 2015/443 of 13 March 2015 on Security in the Commission (OJ L 72, 17.3.2015, p. 41).

( 10 ) Commission Decision (EU, Euratom) 2015/444 of 13 March 2015 on the security rules for protecting EU classified information (OJ L 72, 17.3.2015, p. 53).

( 11 ) Council Regulation (EC) No 6/2002 of 12 December 2001 on Community designs (OJ L 3, 5.1.2002, p. 1).

( 12 ) Regulation (EU) No 386/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 April 2012 on entrusting the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) with tasks related to the enforcement of intellectual property rights, including the assembling of public and private-sector representatives as a European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights (OJ L 129, 16.5.2012, p. 1).

( 13 ) Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works (OJ L 299, 27.10.2012, p. 5).

( 14 ) Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 (OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1).

( 15 ) Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1268/2012 of 29 October 2012 on the rules of application of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union (OJ L 362, 31.12.2012, p. 1).

( 16 ) Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 883/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 September 2013 concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Regulation (Euratom) No 1074/1999 (OJ L 248, 18.9.2013, p. 1).

( 17 ) Council Regulation (Euratom, EC) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities' financial interests against fraud and other irregularities (OJ L 292, 15.11.1996, p. 2).

( 18 ) Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by the Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).

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