REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL 5th FINANCIAL REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL on the EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL GUARANTEE FUND 2011 FINANCIAL YEAR
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1........... BUDGET PROCEDURE. 3
2........... CASH POSITION AND MANAGEMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS. 6
3........... THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2011 EAGF BUDGET. 9
4........... COMMENTS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2011 EAGF BUDGET. 9
5........... IMPLEMENTATION OF ASSIGNED REVENUE. 11
6........... BREAKDOWN BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE. 12
Annex 1 Annex 2 Annex 3 Annex 4-I Annex 4-II Annex 5 Annex 6 || Budgetary procedure for 2011 EAGF commitment Appropriations Part of the EAGF budget in the EU budget 2005 to 2011 Analysis of EAGF budgetary execution – 2011 Financial year Analysis of EAGF Budgetary execution – 2011 Financial year. assigned revenue. C4 Analysis of EAGF Budgetary execution – 2011 Financial year. assigned revenue. C5 EAGF Budgetary execution by article and by Member State – 2011 Financial year Evolution of the breakdown of EAGF expenditure 2006 to 2011 Financial years
Note: A detailed Commission Working Document accompanies this report. The full text of this Working Document (in English) and the annexed tables (in English) will be also available on DG Agriculture’s Europa website (http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/fin/finrep_en.htm).
REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL
5th FINANCIAL REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL on the EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL GUARANTEE FUND 2011 FINANCIAL YEAR
1. BUDGET PROCEDURE
1.1. Draft budget 2011
The 2011 Draft Budget (DB) was adopted by the Commission and proposed to the Budgetary Authority on 27.04.2010. The commitment appropriations proposed for the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) under heading 2 of the Financial Framework 2007-2013 totalled EUR 43 747.4 million.
The Council adopted its position on the 2011 Draft Budget on 08.07.2010 whereby it reduced commitment appropriations for EAGF by EUR 470.2 million, when compared to the Commission's DB, to EUR 43 277.2 million. On the other hand, the European Parliament adopted its position on the 2011 Draft Budget on 13.10.2010 whereby it increased commitment appropriations for EAGF by EUR 365.8 million, when compared to the Commission's DB, to EUR 44 113.4 million.
1.2. Amending Letter for 2011
On 20.10.2010 the Commission adopted Amending Letter (AL) No 3 to the 2011 DB, setting commitment appropriation requirements for EAGF at EUR 43 401.2 million. This amount was lower by EUR 346.2 million compared to the one foreseen for the Draft Budget. This decrease was mostly attributable to the favourable situation in agricultural markets to the tune of – EUR 136 million as well as to the increase of the expected available assigned revenue in 2011 by EUR 229 million.
1.3. Adoption of the 2011 budget
2011 was the first time that the new annual budgetary procedure provided for by the Lisbon Treaty, under article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) was applied. Following their divergent positions on the Commission's draft budget, the Council and the European Parliament met within a Conciliation Committee for a 21-day conciliation period. However, by the time this period expired on 15 November 2010, they had not reached an agreement on the 2011 budget. Therefore, in line with Article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU), the Commission made a new draft budget proposal on 26 November 2010.
The Budgetary Authority accepted the Commission's new draft budget which was approved by Parliament in a vote on 15 December 2010. The 2011 EAGF budget included commitment and payment appropriations amounting to:
– EUR 42 508.3 million and to EUR 42 509.1 million respectively for agricultural market measures and direct aids (policy area 05).
– EUR 352.9 million and to EUR 253.7 million respectively for veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures (policy area 17).
– EUR 30 million and to EUR 25.8 million respectively for fisheries (policy area 11).
The budget’s total commitment appropriations for EAGF amounted to EUR 42 891.2 million and its payment appropriations amounted to EUR 42 788.5 million. The difference between commitment and payment appropriations is due to the fact, that for certain measures, which are directly implemented by the Commission, differentiated appropriations are used. These measures relate mainly to the promotion of agricultural products, to policy strategy and coordination measures for agriculture as well as to fisheries and to veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures.
Specifically, of the voted EAGF commitment appropriations amounting to EUR 42 891.2 million, EUR 2 964.9 million were foreseen for market measures under chapter 05 02 while EUR 39 771.1 million were foreseen for direct aids under chapter 05 03. Furthermore, the 2011 budget foresaw commitment appropriations of EUR 352.9 million for veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures under policy area 17-Health and Consumer Protection and EUR 30 million for fisheries markets under policy area 11-Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.
For details, please see annex 1.
1.4. Revenue assigned to EAGF
In accordance with Article 34 of Council Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005 on the financing of the CAP, the receipts originating from financial corrections under conformity clearance decisions, from irregularities and from the milk levy are designated as revenue assigned to the financing of EAGF expenditure. This assigned revenue can be used, partly or wholly, to cover the financing of EAGF expenditure if the budget appropriations granted by the Budgetary Authority are not sufficient to finance the expenditure incurred by the Member States. In the case where all or part of this revenue is not used, then, it will be automatically carried over into the following budget year in order to finance budgetary needs of that year.
At the time of establishment of the 2011 budget, an estimate of the revenue was made both for the amount expected to be collected in the course of the 2011 budget year as well as of the amount which was expected to be carried over from the budget year 2010 into 2011. This estimate was taken into consideration when the Budgetary Authority adopted the 2011 budget. Specifically:
– Revenue from the conformity clearance corrections and from irregularities was estimated at EUR 600 million and EUR 88 million respectively while the receipts from the milk levy were estimated at EUR 19 million. Thus, the total amount of assigned revenue expected to be collected in the course of the 2011 budget year was estimated at EUR 707 million.
– The amount of assigned revenue expected to be carried over from the budget year 2010 into 2011 was estimated at EUR 540 million.
The total amount of EUR 1 247 million was taken into consideration by reducing the appropriations requested for the operational funds for producer organisations in the fruits and vegetables sector by EUR 500 million and for the single payment scheme by EUR 747 million. After taking account of these amounts, the Budgetary Authority eventually granted appropriations amounting to EUR 292 million and EUR 30 389 million respectively for these schemes in accordance with the Commission's proposals. The sum of the voted appropriations and the assigned revenue mentioned above corresponds to a total estimate of needs of EUR 792 million for the operational funds for producer organisations in the fruits and vegetables sector and EUR 31 136 million for the single payment scheme.
1.5. Temporary restructuring amounts in the sugar sector
The temporary restructuring amounts in the sugar sector, as set out in article 11 of Council Regulation (EC) No 320/2006, are treated as assigned revenue intended to finance the sugar restructuring aid and other aids foreseen in the Sugar Restructuring Fund. For the marketing years 2006/07 up to 2008/09, these amounts related to the sugar, inulin syrup and isoglucose quantitative quotas held by operators in each Member State and they were paid by Member States into the Fund.
At the time of establishment of the 2011 budget an amount of EUR 1 015 million was expected to be carried over from the budget year 2010 into 2011.
1.6. Part of the EAGF budget in total EU budget
The final EAGF budget's (commitment appropriations) part of the total EU budget for the period 2004–2010 appears in annex 2.
2. CASH POSITION AND MANAGEMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS
2.1. Management of appropriations
2.1.1. Appropriations available for the 2011 financial year:
In EUR ||
Expenditure section of budget (1) || Commitment appropriations || Payment appropriations || Revenue section of budget (AR) (2) || Forecasts
1. Initial appropriations for EAGF of which || 42 891 201 900 || 42 788 499 841 || 1. Conformity clearance || 600 000 000
1a. Appropriations under shared management || 42 465 900 000 || 42 465 900 000 || 2. Irregularities || 88 000 000
1b. Appropriations under centralised direct management (3) || 425 301 900 || 322 599 841 || 3. Super levy from milk producers || 19 000 000
2. Amending Budget 6/2011 || -23 140 000 || 0 || 4. Temporary restructuring amounts for sugar sector (4) || 0
3. Transfer to / out of EAGF in the year || 500 000 || 3 110 000 || Total forecast of AR || 707 000 000
4. Final appropriations for EAGF of which || 42 868 561 900 || 42 791 609 841 || ||
4a. Appropriations under shared management || 42 465 900 000 || 42 465 900 000 || ||
4b. Appropriations under centralised direct management || 402 661 900 || 325 709 841 || ||
(1) Appropriations entered in the 2011 budget taking into account the assigned revenue to be collected in 2011 and the one carried over from 2010 to 2011 in accordance with Article 10 of the Council Regulation (EC) No 1605/2002. (2) AR: Assigned revenue to be collected. There are no amounts of revenue entered on the revenue line (p.m.), but the forecast amount is indicated in the budget comments. (3) 83% of commitment appropriations concern expenditure for veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures under policy area 17 - Health and Consumer Protection). The rest concern expenditure for policy strategy and coordination under policy area 05 - Agriculture and rural development (10%) and for fisheries markets under policy area 11 - Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (7%). (4) This revenue is used to provide appropriations for the payment of Sugar Restructuring Fund aids.
2.1.2. Execution of appropriations available for the 2011 financial year:
|| Execution of commitment appropriations || Execution of payment appropriations
Shared management (1) || 43 772 404 535.48 || 43 772 404 535.48
Expenditure under centralised direct management || 385 606 709.61 || 344 507 317.37
Total (including Sugar Restructuring Fund) Sugar Restructuring Fund Total (excluding Sugar Restructuring Fund) || 44 158 011 245.09 187 935 635.21 43 970 075 609.88 || 44 116 911 852.85 187 935 635.21 43 928 976 217.64
(1) Committed amounts. Commitments and payments less assigned revenue received for shared management: EUR 43 105 570 603.39.
For the financial year 2011, the actual amount of commitment appropriations used amounted to EUR 44 158 011 245.09 while that for payment appropriations amounted to EUR 44 116 911 852.85.
2.1.3. Budget execution of voted appropriations - Expenditure under centralised direct management made by the Commission
Expenditure under centralised direct management || Commitment appropriations || De-commitments || Payment appropriations || Carry over to 2012 (2)
Appropriations (C1) (1) || 402 661 900.00 || - || 325 709 841.00 || -
Execution (C1) || 385 156 336.70 || - || 304 613 983.52 || 15 480 489.32
Appropriations cancelled || 17 505 563.30 || - || 5 615 368.16 || -
(1) C1 denotes the budget's voted appropriations. This amount includes transfers to / out EAGF: EUR 500 000 for commitment appropriations and EUR 3 110 000 for payment appropriations (2) Carry over to 2012 only for non-differentiated appropriations
Commitment appropriations of EUR 402.7 million were foreseen for expenditure under centralised direct management in the 2011 budget. An amount of EUR 385.2 million was committed in 2011. The balance of these appropriations, EUR 17.5 million, was cancelled. 81.9% of commitment appropriations concern Policy area 17-Veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures expenditure. The rest concern Policy area 05-Agriculture and Rural Development (10.5%) and Policy area 11-Fisheries (7.6%).
Since 2007, and in accordance with article 149 of the Financial Regulation, the majority of EAGF appropriations for expenditure under direct management made by the Commission are differentiated appropriations. The automatic carry over to 2012, which relates only to non-differentiated appropriations, amounts to EUR 15.5 million.
2.2. Monthly payments
2.2.1. Monthly payments to Member States
126.96.36.199. Monthly payments on the provision for expenditure
Council Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005 of 21 June 2005 on the financing of the Common Agricultural Policy states in Article 15 that "monthly payments shall be made by the Commission … for expenditure performed by Member States' accredited paying agencies during the reference month". Monthly payments shall be made to each Member State at the latest on the third working day of the second month following that in which the expenditure is incurred.
The monthly payments are a reimbursement of net expenditure (after deduction of revenue) which has been already carried out and are made available on the basis of the monthly declarations forwarded by the Member States. The monthly booking of expenditure and revenue is subject to checks and corrections on the basis of the detailed declaration. Moreover, these payments will become final following the Commission's verifications under the accounting clearance of accounts procedure.
Payments made by the Member States from 16.10.2010 to 15.10.2011 are covered by the system for monthly payments. The remaining payments are made directly by the Commission for a limited number of measures.
For financial year 2011, the total net amount of monthly payments made was EUR 43 105 570 603.39
188.8.131.52. Decisions on monthly payments for 2011
For the financial year 2011, the Commission adopted twelve decisions on monthly payments. Furthermore, an additional monthly payment decision, adjusting those already granted for the total expenditure chargeable to the year, was adopted in December 2011.
3. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2011 EAGF BUDGET
3.1. The uptake of the EAGF budget appropriations
The implementation of the budget amounted to EUR 43 970.1 million. This expenditure was funded by the budget's initial appropriations, by using the entire amount of assigned revenue of EUR 905.1 million carried over from 2010 and a part of the assigned revenue collected in 2011 amounting to EUR 225.3 million out of a total EUR 666.8 million.
Within Policy area 05-Agriculture and Rural Development, the expenditure for market measures amounted to EUR 3 334.1 million and for direct aids to EUR 40 178 million. The expenditure incurred for market measures and direct aids exceeded the budget’s voted appropriations and it was partly covered by transfers of appropriations from other items of the budget and partly by the revenue which was assigned to the EAGF budget.
Furthermore, the aforementioned total implementation amount includes expenditure for Policy area 11-Fisheries market measures of EUR 30 million as well as expenditure amounting to EUR 314.6 million for Policy area 17-veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures.
For details of the budget's implementation by policy area, please see annex 3.
Annex 5 presents a breakdown of the expenditure on market measures, direct payments and audit of agricultural expenditure by item and by Member State.
4. COMMENTS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2011 EAGF BUDGET
A brief commentary on the implementation of the agricultural budget's appropriations is presented hereafter based on details appearing in annex 3.
4.1. Chapter 05 02: Interventions in agricultural markets
Total payments for this area of the budget amounted to EUR 3 344.1 million and they were funded by the budget’s voted appropriations amounting to EUR 2 964.9 million and by assigned revenue amounting to EUR 639.7 million. It should be noted that C1 appropriations amounting to EUR 247.5 million were transferred to item 05 07 01 06 to cover the negative expenditure of – EUR 272 million which was finally included in the 2011 budget for the accounting clearance of EAGF accounts. As regards assigned revenue, EUR 628.9 million was used to cover the expenditure incurred in the fruits and vegetables sector and the available balance was carried forward to 2012. In items where the budget's appropriations were under-spent, the available appropriations were transferred to other items of the budget in order to cover additional expenditure as needed.
The expenditure incurred amounted to - EUR 156.2 million. This negative amount represents the gains realized for the 2011 budget as a result of total removals of 5.4 million tonnes of cereals from public storage at average prices higher than buying in prices.
4.1.3. Food programmes
Member States implemented almost fully the 2011 plan for food distribution to the most deprived persons. In addition, Member States paid administrative and transport costs for the previous years' plans. This resulted in an over-execution of the 2011 budget's appropriations by EUR 15 million.
4.1.4. Fruits and vegetables
The sector's over-implementation was primarily due to the expenditure incurred by Member States for the exceptional support measures for the fruit and vegetables sector, adopted by the Commission following the E.coli crisis (Regulation (EU) No 585/2011) and for the aid to producer groups for preliminary recognition. These payments were covered by transfers of appropriations from other items of the budget and from the revenue which had been assigned to this sector.
4.1.5. Products of the wine growing sector
The primary measures funded in this sector are the national support programmes and the grubbing up scheme. Member States incurred slightly lower expenditure for their national support programmes, compared to the amounts foreseen in these programmes, which were nevertheless satisfactorily implemented at approximately 98% of foreseen appropriations. They also incurred lower expenditure for the aids paid for the grubbing up scheme compared to the amount foreseen in the budget.
4.1.6. Beef and veal
The sector's over-implementation was primarily due to higher payments made by Member States for refunds for the exports of higher quantities of fresh and frozen meat and live animals. This over-implementation was funded by transfer of voted appropriations from other items of the budget.
4.1.7. Article 05 02 15: Pig meat, eggs and poultry, bee-keeping and other animal products
The sector's over-implementation was primarily due to the payments made by Member States for export refunds for poultry and for the private storage aid scheme for pigmeat which was adopted by the Commission in January 2011 (Regulation (EU) No 68/2011). This over-implementation was covered by transfer of voted appropriations from other items of the budget.
4.2. Chapter 05 03: Direct Aids
The voted appropriations for this chapter of the 2011 budget amounted to EUR 39 771.1 million while direct payments amounted to approximately EUR 40 178 million. This level of 2011 EAGF expenditure was higher compared to the 2010 mainly because of the continuing phasing-in of these aids to the EU-12 in that year. A part of the single payment scheme was foreseen to be funded by assigned revenue, thus, leading to this apparent over-implementation which was covered partly by this revenue and partly by transfers of voted appropriations from other items of the budget.
4.3. Chapter 05 07: Audit of agricultural expenditure
4.3.1. Article 05 07 01: Control of agricultural expenditure
This article mainly includes the amounts credited to the EAGF budget through the corrections from accounting clearance of accounts and from the non-respect of deadlines for payments to beneficiaries. However, this year the Commission made overall positive corrections to Member States' accounts amounting EUR 66.6 million. The 2011 budget appropriations adopted by the Budgetary Authority amounted to – EUR 272 million for the negative clearance of acounts corrections. The Commission closed this account by transferring voted appropriations amounting to EUR 338.6 million from other items of the budget.
5. IMPLEMENTATION OF ASSIGNED REVENUE
5.1. Revenue assigned to EAGF
The assigned revenue actually carried over from 2010 into 2011, amounted to EUR 905.1 million and has entirely been used in financing expenditure of the 2011 budget year in accordance with article 10 of the Financial Regulation. This amount covered expenditure of EUR 403.6 million for the operational funds for producer organisations and of EUR 501.5 million for the single payment scheme.
As far as the assigned revenue collected in 2011, annex 4-I shows that this revenue amounted to EUR 666.8 million and it originated from:
– The corrections of the conformity clearance procedure which amounted to approximately EUR 467.3 million.
– The receipts from irregularities which amounted to approximately EUR 177.6 million.
– The milk levy collections which amounted to approximately EUR 21.9 million.
A part of the assigned revenue collected in 2011 amounting to EUR 225.3 million was used in order to cover expenditure incurred within the year in the fruits and vegetables sector.
The balance of the assigned revenue collected in 2011 amounting to EUR 441.5 million was automatically carried over into the 2012 budget in order to fund budgetary needs of that year.
For details please see annexes 4-I and 4-II
5.2. Assigned revenue concerning the temporary restructuring amounts in the sugar sector
In line with the legislation, no new temporary restructuring amounts have been collected from the Member States since November 2009. Therefore, the total assigned revenue available to the Sugar Restructuring Fund equals the amount of EUR 1 044.8 million carried over from 2010. After reimbursing Member States the amount of EUR 187.9 million incurred for Sugar Restructuring Fund aids (see point 5.3 below), the balance of approximately EUR 856.8 million will be carried over into the 2012 budget year and it will is intended to finance the Sugar Restructuring Fund payments to be made in that year.
For details, please see annexes 4-I and 4-II
5.3. Sugar Restructuring Fund
The reimbursement to Member States for payments made for aids concerning restructuring measures, for diversification aids or for aids to sugar refining amounted to EUR 187.9 million These aids were reimbursed to Member States from the assigned revenue of EUR 1 044.8 million mentioned in point 5.2 above.
For details, please see annex 3.
6. BREAKDOWN BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE
The total EAGF expenditure amounts to EUR 43 970.1 million (excluding the Sugar Restructuring Fund). Hereafter, this expenditure is presented broken down into the most significant categories along with the percentage that these represent in the total EAGF expenditure for 2011:
Expenditure for storage amounted to - EUR 194.6 million. This negative amount represents the gains realized for the 2011 budget, mainly, as a result of the removals of cereals, butter and skimmed milk powder from public storage at average prices higher than the buying in prices. (For details please see point 4.1.2 above).
Spending on export refunds amounted to EUR 179.4 million, i.e.: 0.4% of the total and it related mainly to beef, poultry, pig-meat, dairy and non-annex I products.
Other market measures
In addition to storage and export refunds, the expenditure for other market measures expenditure amounted to EUR 3 428.3 million, i.e.: 7.8% of the year's total. This category covers expenditure mainly relating to cereals, food programmes, fruit and vegetables, wine, milk and milk products, beef and veal and pig meat. This expenditure incorporates other minor amounts and it includes the corrections arising from the financial clearance of accounts.
Expenditure for direct payments amounted to EUR 40 178 million, i.e.: 91.4% of the total.
Direct expenditure under centralised management
This expenditure amounting to EUR 385.6 million, i.e.: 0.9% was paid directly by the Commission and it mostly covered the expenditure relating to veterinary and phyto-sanitary measures as well as to farm accounting and information on the CAP.
Rural development under ex-EAGGF-Guarantee
No commitment appropriations can be made anymore for these programmes under ex-EAGGF-Guarantee. Member States are now closing these programmes and they recover unduly paid amounts. The final net amount recovered under this article was equal to –EUR 6.6 million.
The evolution of this breakdown by type of expenditure for the period 2006-2011 is presented in annex 6.
 This procedure is presented in annex 1.
 These amounts are not entered in the revenue lines of the budget (article 670 for the revenue assigned to the EAGF) but they are mentioned in the budgetary remarks for this article.
 These amounts are not entered in the revenue lines of the budget (article 680 for the temporary restructuring amounts for the sugar sector) but they are mentioned in the budgetary remarks for this article.
 p.m.: "pour mémoire".
 OJ L 209 of 11.8.2005, p. 1.
 These monthly declarations of expenditure are transmitted by the Member States by the declaration of the 10th of the month N+1
 The detailed declarations are transmitted monthly by the Member States (by table 104) on the 20th of the month N+1