Commission Regulation (EC) No 875/2007 of 24 July 2007 on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the EC Treaty to de minimis aid in the fisheries sector and amending Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004
OJ L 193, 25.7.2007, p. 6–12 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
BG CS DA DE EL EN ES ET FI FR HU IT LT LV MT NL PL PT RO SK SL SV
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Commission Regulation (EC) No 875/2007
of 24 July 2007
on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the EC Treaty to de minimis aid in the fisheries sector and amending Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 994/98 of 7 May 1998 on the application of Articles 92 and 93 of the Treaty establishing the European Community to certain categories of horizontal State aid , and in particular Article 2(1) thereof,
Having published a draft of this Regulation ,
After consulting the Advisory Committee on State aid,
(1) Regulation (EC) No 994/98 empowers the Commission to set out in a regulation a ceiling below which aid measures are considered not to meet all the criteria laid down in Article 87(1) of the Treaty and therefore do not fall under the notification procedure provided for in Article 88(3) of the Treaty.
(2) On the basis of that Regulation, the Commission adopted Regulation (EC) No 69/2001 of 12 January 2001 on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the EC Treaty to de minimis aid , which sets a ceiling of EUR 100000 per beneficiary over a period of three years. Originally that Regulation did not apply to the agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture and transport sectors, in view of the special rules which apply in those sectors.
(3) As regards the agriculture and fisheries sector, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004 of 6 October 2004 on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the EC Treaty to de minimis aid in the agriculture and fisheries sector  established a specific ceiling of EUR 3000 per beneficiary per three-year period to apply to those sectors, as in the light of the experiences acquired by the Commission, it could be affirmed that very low levels of aid granted in those sectors do not fulfil the criteria of Article 87(1) of the Treaty, provided that certain conditions are met. This is the case where both the amount of aid received by individual producers remains small, and the overall level of aid granted to these sectors does not go above a small percentage of the value of production.
(4) Owing to changed economic circumstances and in the light of the experiences gained in applying the existing general de minimis rules, changes to those rules have been deemed necessary. For that reason the Commission adopted Regulation (EC) No 1998/2006 of 15 December 2006 on the application of Articles 87 and 88 of the Treaty to de minimis aid . That regulation replaced Regulation (EC) No 69/2001, increased the general de minimis ceiling from EUR 100000 to EUR 200000, extended its application to the sector concerning the processing and marketing of agricultural products and introduced a new de minimis threshold of EUR 100000 for State aid to the road transport sector.
(5) Recent experience in applying the rules on State aid to the fisheries sector, and in particular the de minimis ceiling set in Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004 and the Guidelines for the examination of State aid to fisheries and aquaculture  has shown that the risk of distortion of competition by de minimis aid is lower than was projected in 2004.
(6) In the light of the experience gained by the Commission, aid to undertakings in the fisheries sector not exceeding EUR 30000 per beneficiary over any three-year period may be deemed not to affect trade between Member States and/or not to distort or threaten to distort competition where the total amount of such aid granted to all undertakings in the fisheries sector over three years is below a ceiling of around 2,5 % of the annual fisheries output. It is therefore appropriate to state that such aid does not fall under Article 87(1) of the Treaty. The years to take into account for this purpose are the fiscal years as used for fiscal purposes in the Member State concerned. The relevant period of three years should be assessed on a rolling basis, so that for each new grant of de minimis aid, the total amount of such aid granted in the fiscal year concerned, as well as during the previous two fiscal years needs to be determined.
(7) Other State aid granted by a Member State should also be taken into account when granting a de minimis aid.
(8) It should not be possible for State aid measures exceeding the de minimis ceiling to be broken down into a number of smaller parts in order to bring such parts within the scope of this Regulation.
(9) Consistent with the principles governing aid falling within Article 87(1) of the Treaty, de minimis aid should be considered to be granted at the moment when the legal right to receive the aid is conferred on the beneficiary under the applicable national regime.
(10) The Court of Justice of the European Communities has established that, once the Community had legislated for the establishment of a common organisation of the market in a given sector of agriculture, Member States are under an obligation to refrain from taking any measure which might undermine or create exceptions to it . This principle also applies in the fisheries sector. For this reason, this Regulation should not apply to aid the amount of which is fixed on the basis of price or quantity of products put on the market.
(11) This Regulation should not apply to export aid or de minimis aid favouring domestic over imported products. Moreover this Regulation should not apply to aid financing the establishment and operation of a distribution network in other countries. Aid towards the costs of participating in trade fairs, or of studies or consultancy services needed for the launch of a new or existing product on a new market does normally not constitute export aid.
(12) This Regulation should not apply to undertakings in difficulty within the meaning of the Community guidelines on State aid for rescuing and restructuring firms in difficulty  in view of the difficulties linked to determining the gross grant equivalent of aid granted to this type of undertakings.
(13) Having regard to the objectives of the common fisheries policy, aid serving to increase fishing capacity and aid granted for the construction or purchase of fishing vessels should not fall within the scope of this Regulation, except for aid for modernisation over the main deck as referred to in Article 11 of Council Regulation (EC) No 2371/2002 of 20 December 2002 on the conservation and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources under the Common Fisheries Policy .
(14) For the purpose of transparency, equal treatment and the correct application of the de minimis ceiling, it is appropriate that Member States should apply the same method of calculation. In order to facilitate this calculation and in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1998/2006, it is appropriate that aid amounts not taking the form of a cash grant should be converted into their gross grant equivalent. Calculation of the grant equivalent of transparent types of aid other than grants payable in several instalments requires the use of market interest rates prevailing at the time of granting such aid. With a view to a uniform, transparent and simple application of the State aid rules, the market rates for the purposes of this Regulation should be deemed to be the reference rates periodically fixed by the Commission on the basis of objective criteria and published in the Official Journal of the European Union or on the Internet. It may, however, be necessary to add additional basis points on top of the floor rate in view of the securities provided or the risk associated with the beneficiary.
(15) For the purposes of transparency, equal treatment and effective monitoring, this Regulation should apply only to de minimis aid which is transparent. Transparent aid is aid for which it is possible to calculate precisely the gross grant equivalent ex ante without a need to undertake a risk assessment. Such precise calculation can, for instance, be realised as regards grants, interest rate subsidies and capped tax exemptions. Aid comprised in capital injections should not be considered as transparent de minimis aid, unless the total amount of the public injection is lower than the de minimis ceiling. Aid comprised in risk capital measures as referred to in the Community guidelines on State aid to promote risk capital investments in small and medium-sized enterprises  should not be considered as transparent de minimis aid, unless the risk capital scheme concerned provides capital only up to the de minimis ceiling to each target undertaking. Aid comprised in loans should be treated as transparent de minimis aid when the gross grant equivalent has been calculated on the basis of market interest rates prevailing at the time of grant.
(16) This Regulation does not exclude the possibility that a measure, adopted by a Member State, might not be considered as State aid within the meaning of Article 87(1) of the Treaty on the basis of other grounds than those set out in this Regulation, for instance, in the case of capital injections, because such measure has been decided in conformity with the market investor principle.
(17) It is necessary to provide legal certainty for guarantee schemes which do not have the potential to affect trade or distort competitions and in respect of which sufficient data is available to assess any potential effects reliably. This Regulation should therefore transpose the general de minimis ceiling of EUR 30000 per beneficiary into a guarantee-specific ceiling based on the guaranteed amount of the individual loan underlying such guarantee. It is appropriate to calculate this specific ceiling using a methodology assessing the State aid amount included in guarantee schemes covering loans in favour of viable undertakings. The methodology and the data used to calculate the guarantee-specific ceiling should exclude undertakings in difficulty as referred to in the Community guidelines on State aid for rescuing and restructuring firms in difficulty. This specific ceiling should therefore not apply to ad hoc individual aid granted outside of the scope of a guarantee scheme, to aid granted to undertakings in difficulty, or to guarantees on underlying transactions not constituting a loan, such as guarantees on equity transactions. The specific ceiling should be determined on the basis of the fact that taking account of a cap rate (net default rate) of 13 %, representing a worst case scenario for guarantee schemes in the Community, a guarantee amounting to EUR 225000 can be considered as having a gross grant equivalent identical to the de minimis ceiling established in this Regulation. Only guarantees covering up to 80 % of the underlying loan should be covered by this specific ceiling.
(18) The Commission has a duty to ensure that State aid rules are complied with, and in particular that aid granted under the de minimis rules adheres to the conditions thereof. In accordance with Article 10 of the Treaty, Member States should facilitate the achievement of this task by establishing the necessary machinery to ensure that the total amount of aid, granted under the de minimis rules, does not exceed either the ceiling of EUR 30000 per beneficiary or the overall ceiling established by the Commission on the basis of the value of the fishery output per Member State over a period of three fiscal years. To that end, it is appropriate that Member States, when granting a de minimis aid, should inform the undertaking concerned about the amount of the aid and its de minimis character of the aid, by referring to this Regulation. Moreover, prior to granting such aid the Member State concerned should obtain from the undertaking a declaration about other de minimis aid received during the fiscal year concerned and the two previous fiscal years, and carefully check that the de minimis ceilings will not be exceeded by the new de minimis aid. Alternatively, compliance with the ceilings may also be ensured by using a central register.
(19) For reasons of clarity and as the ceiling for de minimis aid for the fisheries sector thus differs from the ceiling for de minimis aid to the agriculture sector, a specific regulation applicable only to the fisheries sector should be adopted and Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004 should be amended accordingly.
(20) Having regard to the Commission's experience and in particular the frequency with which it is generally necessary to revise State aid policy, and in particular having regard to the period of application of Regulation (EC) No 1998/2006 and Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004, it is appropriate that the period of application of this Regulation be limited until 31 December 2013. Should this Regulation expire without being extended, Member States should have an adjustment period of six months with regard to de minimis aid covered by it. For the sake of legal certainty, it is appropriate to clarify the effect of the Regulation on aid granted before its entry into force,
HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:
This Regulation applies to aid granted to undertakings in the fisheries sector, with the exception of:
(a) aid the amount of which is fixed on the basis of price or quantity of products put on the market;
(b) aid to export-related activities, namely aid directly linked to the quantities exported, aid to the establishment and operation of a distribution network or to other current expenditure linked to the export activity;
(c) aid contingent upon the use of domestic over imported goods;
(d) aid serving to increase fishing capacity, expressed in terms of tonnage or power, as defined in Article 3(n) of Regulation (EC) No 2371/2002, unless it concerns aid for modernisation over the main deck as referred to in Article 11(5) of that Regulation;
(e) aid for the purchase or construction of fishing vessels;
(f) aid granted to undertakings in difficulty.
For the purposes of this Regulation:
(a) "undertakings in the fisheries sector" means undertakings active in the production, processing and marketing of fisheries products;
(b) "fisheries products" means the products defined in Article 1 of Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 ;
(c) "processing and marketing" means all operations, including handling, treatment, production and distribution, performed between the time of landing or harvesting and the end-product stage.
De minimis aid
1. Aid measures shall be deemed not to meet all the criteria of Article 87(1) of the Treaty and shall be exempt from the notification requirement of Article 88(3) of the Treaty, if they fulfil the conditions laid down in this Article and in Articles 4 and 5 of this Regulation.
2. The total de minimis aid granted to any one undertaking shall not exceed EUR 30000 over any period of three fiscal years. This ceiling shall apply irrespective of the form of the aid or the objective pursued. The period shall be determined by reference to the fiscal years used in the Member State concerned.
3. When an overall aid mount exceeds this ceiling, that aid amount cannot benefit from this Regulation, even for a fraction not exceeding that ceiling. In such a case, the benefit of this Regulation cannot be claimed for this aid measure either at the time the aid is granted or at any subsequent time.
4. The cumulative amount thus granted to various undertakings in the fisheries sector shall not exceed the value set out per Member State in the Annex over any period of three fiscal years.
5. The ceilings in paragraphs 2 and 4 shall be expressed as a cash grant. All figures used shall be gross, that is, before any deduction of tax or other charge. Where aid is awarded in a form other than a grant, the aid amount shall be the gross grant equivalent of the aid.
6. Aid payable in several instalments shall be discounted to its value at the moment of its being granted. The interest rate to be used for discounting purposes and to calculate the gross equivalent shall be the reference rate applicable at the time of the grant.
7. This Regulation shall apply only to aid in respect of which it is possible to calculate precisely the gross grant equivalent of the aid ex ante without the need to undertake a risk assessment (transparent aid). In particular:
(a) aid comprised in loans shall be treated as transparent de minimis aid when the gross grant equivalent has been calculated on the basis of market interest rates prevailing at the time of the grant;
(b) aid comprised in capital injections shall not be considered as transparent de minimis aid, unless the total amount of the public injection does not exceed the de minimis ceiling;
(c) aid comprised in risk capital measures shall not be considered as transparent de minimis aid, unless the risk capital scheme concerned provides capital only up to the de minimis ceiling to each target undertaking;
(d) aid in the form of repayable advances shall not be considered as transparent aid as far as the total amount of the repayable advances exceeds the applicable threshold under this Regulation;
(e) individual aid provided under a guarantee scheme to undertakings which are not undertakings in difficulty shall be treated as de minimis aid when the guaranteed part of the underlying loan provided under such scheme does not exceed EUR 225000 per undertaking. If the guaranteed part of the underlying loan only accounts for a given proportion of this ceiling, the gross grant equivalent of that guarantee shall be deemed to correspond to the same proportion of the applicable ceiling laid down in paragraph 2. The guarantee shall not exceed 80 % of the underlying loan.
8. De minimis aid shall not be cumulated with State aid in respect of the same eligible costs if such cumulation would result in an aid intensity exceeding that fixed in the specific circumstances of each case by a block exemption regulation or decision adopted by the Commission.
1. Where a Member State grants de minimis aid to an undertaking, it shall inform the undertaking in writing about the amount of the aid expressed in gross equivalent and about the de minimis character, making express reference to this Regulation and citing its title and publication reference in the Official Journal of the European Union. Where the de minimis aid is granted to different undertakings on the basis of a scheme and different amounts of individual aid are granted to those undertakings under that scheme, the Member State concerned may choose to fulfil that obligation by informing the undertakings of a fixed sum corresponding to the maximum aid amount to be granted under the scheme. In such case, the fixed sum shall be used for determining whether either of the ceilings laid down in paragraphs 2 and 4 of Article 3 are met. Prior to granting the aid, the Member State shall obtain a declaration from the undertaking concerned, in written or electronic form, about any other de minimis aid received during the previous two fiscal years and the current fiscal year.
2. The Member State shall only grant the new de minimis aid after having checked that this will not raise the total amount of de minimis aid received by the undertaking during the period covering the fiscal year concerned, as well as the previous two fiscal years in that Member State, to a level above either of the ceilings set out in paragraphs 2 and 4 of Article 3.
3. Where a Member State has set up a central register of de minimis aid for fisheries containing complete information on all de minimis aid granted by any authority within that Member State, paragraph 1 shall cease to apply to that Member State from the moment the register covers a period of three fiscal years.
4. Member States shall record and compile all the information regarding the application of this Regulation. Such records shall contain all information necessary to demonstrate that the conditions of this Regulation have been complied with. Records regarding an individual de minimis aid shall be maintained for 10 fiscal years from the date on which the aid was granted. Records regarding a de minimis aid scheme shall be maintained for 10 years from the date on which the last individual aid was granted under such scheme. On a written request, the Member State concerned shall provide the Commission, within a period of 20 working days, or such longer period as may be fixed in the request, with all the information that the Commission considers necessary for assessing whether the conditions of this Regulation have been complied with, and in particular the total amount of de minimis aid received by any undertaking and by the fisheries sector of the Member State concerned.
1. This Regulation shall apply to aid granted before its entry into force, if it fulfils all the conditions laid down in Articles 1 to 3 and, if appropriate, in Article 4. Any aid which does not fulfil those conditions shall be assessed by the Commission in accordance with the relevant frameworks, guidelines, communications and notices.
2. Any de minimis aid granted between 1 January 2005 and six months after entry into force of this Regulation, which fulfils the conditions of Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004 as applicable to the fisheries sector until the date of entry into force of this Regulation, shall be deemed not to meet all the criteria of Article 87(1) of the Treaty and shall therefore be exempt from the notification requirement of Article 88(3) of the Treaty.
3. At the end of the period of validity of this Regulation, any de minimis aid which fulfils the conditions of this Regulation may be validly implemented for a period of six months.
Regulation (EC) No 1860/2004 shall be amended as follows:
(a) in the title, the words "and fisheries sectors" are replaced by "sector";
(b) in Article 1, the words "the agriculture or fisheries sectors" are replaced by "the agriculture sector";
(c) in Article 2:
(i) in point (2), the words "except fisheries products as defined in point (5)" are replaced by "except fisheries products as defined in Article 1 of Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000",
(ii) points 4, 5 and 6 are deleted;
(d) in Article 3(2), the third subparagraph is deleted;
(e) in Article 4(2), the words "and fisheries, respectively" are deleted;
(f) in the second subparagraph of Article 4(3), the words "or fisheries" are deleted;
(g) Annex II is deleted.
Entry into force and applicability
This Regulation shall enter into force on the seventh day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
It shall expire on 31 December 2013.
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.
Done at Brussels, 24 July 2007.
For the Commission
Member of the Commission
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 OJ C 276, 14.11.2006, p. 7.
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 OJ L 379, 28.12.2006, p. 5
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Cumulative amounts for fisheries per Member State as referred to in Article 3(4)
BE | 11800000 |
BG | 433000 |
CZ | 1008000 |
DK | 57650000 |
DE | 48950000 |
EE | 3718000 |
IE | 8508000 |
EL | 18015000 |
ES | 127880000 |
FR | 138550000 |
IT | 94325000 |
CY | 1562000 |
LV | 3923000 |
LT | 5233000 |
LU | 0 |
HU | 740000 |
MT | 255000 |
NL | 35875000 |
AT | 620000 |
PL | 21125000 |
PT | 15688000 |
RO | 524000 |
SL | 338000 |
SK | 1133000 |
FI | 7075000 |
SE | 11153000 |
UK | 102725000 |